Therapists in Grass Valley, CA

Photo of Elizabeth Smith, Marriage & Family Therapist in Grass Valley, CA
Elizabeth Smith
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
Grass Valley, CA 95945
I offer confidential psychotherapy to adults, adolescents, and children in a compassionate, safe and nonjudgmental environment. My approach to therapy is client-centered, collaborative, and strength-based. It is my belief that we are all unique and one approach does not fit all. I enjoy helping my clients in a broad range of issues, including anxiety, depression, trauma, grief and loss, co-dependency, relationship concerns, parenting, and adoption/foster-care issues. I consider it a privilege to come alongside and support individuals and families as they navigate life's many challenges and joys.
I offer confidential psychotherapy to adults, adolescents, and children in a compassionate, safe and nonjudgmental environment. My approach to therapy is client-centered, collaborative, and strength-based. It is my belief that we are all unique and one approach does not fit all. I enjoy helping my clients in a broad range of issues, including anxiety, depression, trauma, grief and loss, co-dependency, relationship concerns, parenting, and adoption/foster-care issues. I consider it a privilege to come alongside and support individuals and families as they navigate life's many challenges and joys.
(530) 771-6484 View (530) 771-6484
Photo of Lyndsy Mirasola, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Grass Valley, CA
Lyndsy Mirasola
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Grass Valley, CA 95945  (Online Only)
EMDR trained Clinician. All of us face difficulties from time to time. You are not alone. Are you struggling with anxiety, depression, grief, relationships or trauma? Do you struggle with unwanted thoughts or feelings? Does your mind never seem to stop? Do you have trouble finding motivation? Imagine what it would feel like to have greater peace, confidence, happiness and live a meaningful life. Together, we can develop a plan to help you feel better and reach your goals. Sometimes these struggles lead to a great awakening.
EMDR trained Clinician. All of us face difficulties from time to time. You are not alone. Are you struggling with anxiety, depression, grief, relationships or trauma? Do you struggle with unwanted thoughts or feelings? Does your mind never seem to stop? Do you have trouble finding motivation? Imagine what it would feel like to have greater peace, confidence, happiness and live a meaningful life. Together, we can develop a plan to help you feel better and reach your goals. Sometimes these struggles lead to a great awakening.
(530) 456-7473 View (530) 456-7473
Photo of Amata Albero, Marriage & Family Therapist in Grass Valley, CA
Amata Albero
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Grass Valley, CA 95945
You often ask yourself, "What's wrong with me? Why can't I function like anyone else?" You've internalized failure, powerlessness and shame, feeling trapped and stuck with no way out. But where did it all begin? I doubt "something is truly wrong with you." In fact, I believe you're just noticing that things have not been sustainable and you long for a change and an opportunity at life— that's a sign of your sanity!
You often ask yourself, "What's wrong with me? Why can't I function like anyone else?" You've internalized failure, powerlessness and shame, feeling trapped and stuck with no way out. But where did it all begin? I doubt "something is truly wrong with you." In fact, I believe you're just noticing that things have not been sustainable and you long for a change and an opportunity at life— that's a sign of your sanity!
(530) 444-8714 View (530) 444-8714
Photo of Once Upon A Time Therapy Center, Marriage & Family Therapist in Grass Valley, CA
Once Upon A Time Therapy Center
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Grass Valley, CA 95945
We are a center and safe place with compassionate and professional counseling services located in Nevada County. We specialize in the treatment of mental, emotional, psychological and relationship problems using the latest theory and research-based approaches. We have a team of clinicians with various backgrounds, theoretical orientations, including Narrative Therapy approaches. We offer a sliding scale and Medi-Cal.
We are a center and safe place with compassionate and professional counseling services located in Nevada County. We specialize in the treatment of mental, emotional, psychological and relationship problems using the latest theory and research-based approaches. We have a team of clinicians with various backgrounds, theoretical orientations, including Narrative Therapy approaches. We offer a sliding scale and Medi-Cal.
(530) 454-8761 View (530) 454-8761
Photo of Mariya Milan, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in Grass Valley, CA
Mariya Milan
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MA, AMFT
Verified Verified
Grass Valley, CA 95945
Waitlist for new clients
I want to be your sparkle homie (a.k.a. therapist). What does it mean to be a sparkle homie? To me, a sparkle homie is a person who “gets you” where you are at. As a therapist (and sparkle homie), I seek to affirm, understand, and truly see folx. I utilize holistic, trauma-informed, and culturally sensitive therapies to be a partner in folxs’ journeys toward wholeness.
I want to be your sparkle homie (a.k.a. therapist). What does it mean to be a sparkle homie? To me, a sparkle homie is a person who “gets you” where you are at. As a therapist (and sparkle homie), I seek to affirm, understand, and truly see folx. I utilize holistic, trauma-informed, and culturally sensitive therapies to be a partner in folxs’ journeys toward wholeness.
View
Photo of Meg Luce, Marriage & Family Therapist in Grass Valley, CA
Meg Luce
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
Grass Valley, CA 95945
Caring, compassionate counseling to help clients move forward through challenges and make positive life changes. I work with individuals and couples to address relationship difficulties, depression, anxiety, trauma, stress management, low self-esteem, perfectionism, and new pathways for personal growth. While working with individuals, clients set the goals that they wish to address. My role is to listen, encourage, and guide clients in a process of self-discovery and self-mastery. Sometimes clients are trying to heal from past trauma and move forward. Sessions offer support for healing and learning new healthy ways to live.
Caring, compassionate counseling to help clients move forward through challenges and make positive life changes. I work with individuals and couples to address relationship difficulties, depression, anxiety, trauma, stress management, low self-esteem, perfectionism, and new pathways for personal growth. While working with individuals, clients set the goals that they wish to address. My role is to listen, encourage, and guide clients in a process of self-discovery and self-mastery. Sometimes clients are trying to heal from past trauma and move forward. Sessions offer support for healing and learning new healthy ways to live.
(530) 419-4557 View (530) 419-4557
Photo of Julia Mudarri, Marriage & Family Therapist in Grass Valley, CA
Julia Mudarri
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Grass Valley, CA 95945  (Online Only)
Do you often feel isolated or overwhelmed? Do you constantly feel hurried? Our lives can present us with situations that cause us to question everything we thought we knew. Sometimes painful issues from your past like sexual abuse or other painful childhood experiences resurface. During these times, it can feel hopeless: causing anxiety or depression. Balancing these concerns among our busy lives causes stress and affect relationships with partners and children. Sometimes disagreements about how to parent also adds extra strain. You are not alone.
Do you often feel isolated or overwhelmed? Do you constantly feel hurried? Our lives can present us with situations that cause us to question everything we thought we knew. Sometimes painful issues from your past like sexual abuse or other painful childhood experiences resurface. During these times, it can feel hopeless: causing anxiety or depression. Balancing these concerns among our busy lives causes stress and affect relationships with partners and children. Sometimes disagreements about how to parent also adds extra strain. You are not alone.
(408) 560-4758 View (408) 560-4758
Photo of Jaylee McGregor, Counselor in Grass Valley, CA
Jaylee McGregor
Counselor, MSW
Not Verified Not Verified
Grass Valley, CA 95945
I am continually in awe of the resilience of the human spirit. Throughout my life experiences, I have been reminded of the value of therapy because it has provided me with countless opportunities for growth, introspection, support, and expansion. I am inspired by the strength required of someone to accept the realization that they can no longer manage on their own and seek therapeutic support. I am passionate about meeting people where they are and empowering them to embrace their true selves.
I am continually in awe of the resilience of the human spirit. Throughout my life experiences, I have been reminded of the value of therapy because it has provided me with countless opportunities for growth, introspection, support, and expansion. I am inspired by the strength required of someone to accept the realization that they can no longer manage on their own and seek therapeutic support. I am passionate about meeting people where they are and empowering them to embrace their true selves.
(530) 454-8947 View (530) 454-8947
Photo of Michael J Bader, Psychologist in Grass Valley, CA
Michael J Bader
Psychologist, DMH
Verified Verified
Grass Valley, CA 95945
Not accepting new clients
Unfortunately, I'm not accepting new patients at the current time. I've been a psychologist in clinical practice since 1980. I've had advanced training in psychodynamic approaches that combine an emphasis on insight with the beneficial effects of careful listening, empathy, and offering practical advice about changing behaviors that get in the way of patients reaching their potential. I think that most people suffer from painful problems in work and in love and my approach is designed to alleviate this suffering.
Unfortunately, I'm not accepting new patients at the current time. I've been a psychologist in clinical practice since 1980. I've had advanced training in psychodynamic approaches that combine an emphasis on insight with the beneficial effects of careful listening, empathy, and offering practical advice about changing behaviors that get in the way of patients reaching their potential. I think that most people suffer from painful problems in work and in love and my approach is designed to alleviate this suffering.
(415) 639-9868 View (415) 639-9868
Photo of Lovie Bucknell, Marriage & Family Therapist in Grass Valley, CA
Lovie Bucknell
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Grass Valley, CA 95945
You don't have to go this alone! I approach my clients with authenticity, non-judgement, and compassion. The issues that I would be honored to support you with include: depression; anxiety; working through trauma; grief/loss; major life transitions; self-discovery; exploring/cultivating creativity; exploring cultural identities; creating satisfying relationships; and understanding and resolving conflicts in family relationships. I integrate various theories and approaches based on your particular goals. Our work together can be exploratory or action oriented: focusing on the past, the present or the future; long or short term.
You don't have to go this alone! I approach my clients with authenticity, non-judgement, and compassion. The issues that I would be honored to support you with include: depression; anxiety; working through trauma; grief/loss; major life transitions; self-discovery; exploring/cultivating creativity; exploring cultural identities; creating satisfying relationships; and understanding and resolving conflicts in family relationships. I integrate various theories and approaches based on your particular goals. Our work together can be exploratory or action oriented: focusing on the past, the present or the future; long or short term.
(530) 797-4077 View (530) 797-4077
Photo of Susan Byrne, Marriage & Family Therapist in Grass Valley, CA
Susan Byrne
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Grass Valley, CA 95949
These are challenging, even scary, times for many. People can feel at a loss about how and where to find support. Many people experience an increase in anxiety, depression and PTSD symptoms due to personal and global challenges. If you are struggling, please know there are resources that can help even if you are not able to go out into your community or to a therapist's office. I am offering phone and video chat sessions via Zoom. A recent episode on NPR.org titled, "How to Get Therapy When You Can't Leave the House" might be of interest and helpful. You can also go to www.NPR.org/Life Kit
These are challenging, even scary, times for many. People can feel at a loss about how and where to find support. Many people experience an increase in anxiety, depression and PTSD symptoms due to personal and global challenges. If you are struggling, please know there are resources that can help even if you are not able to go out into your community or to a therapist's office. I am offering phone and video chat sessions via Zoom. A recent episode on NPR.org titled, "How to Get Therapy When You Can't Leave the House" might be of interest and helpful. You can also go to www.NPR.org/Life Kit
(530) 738-5040 View (530) 738-5040
Photo of Ngoc Tran, Marriage & Family Therapist in Grass Valley, CA
Ngoc Tran
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Grass Valley, CA 95949
Hi there, I'm Ngoc, a licensed marriage and family therapist. I am experienced in treating anxiety disorders, life transitions, relationship/marital issues, traumatic experiences, and the grief and loss process. I love utilizing my bilingual/ bicultural background and my Christian belief system while relying on my relational-intuitive-integrative approach to work on issues that are unique to individuals' lives. I work to understand individuals through the lens of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy, Attachment-Based Theory, Psychodynamic, and Family Systems, and help them tell their stories in a God-centered way (Narrative Therapy).
Hi there, I'm Ngoc, a licensed marriage and family therapist. I am experienced in treating anxiety disorders, life transitions, relationship/marital issues, traumatic experiences, and the grief and loss process. I love utilizing my bilingual/ bicultural background and my Christian belief system while relying on my relational-intuitive-integrative approach to work on issues that are unique to individuals' lives. I work to understand individuals through the lens of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy, Attachment-Based Theory, Psychodynamic, and Family Systems, and help them tell their stories in a God-centered way (Narrative Therapy).
(530) 296-8517 View (530) 296-8517
Photo of Windy DiPietro, Marriage & Family Therapist in Grass Valley, CA
Windy DiPietro
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT, Coach, RYT
Verified Verified
Grass Valley, CA 95949
Tired of tying yourself into knots just to get others to like you? Do you ever feel trapped in a relentless emotional storm, where every disagreement threatens your relationship and overwhelms you? The constant fear of abandonment, the need for constant reassurance – these burdens weigh heavily on your heart. It's like walking an emotional tightrope, longing for love and connection. These patterns, etched into our souls from an early age can lead to unending emotional turmoil and strained relationships. But I understand your deep yearning for love and connection.
Tired of tying yourself into knots just to get others to like you? Do you ever feel trapped in a relentless emotional storm, where every disagreement threatens your relationship and overwhelms you? The constant fear of abandonment, the need for constant reassurance – these burdens weigh heavily on your heart. It's like walking an emotional tightrope, longing for love and connection. These patterns, etched into our souls from an early age can lead to unending emotional turmoil and strained relationships. But I understand your deep yearning for love and connection.
(530) 734-3180 View (530) 734-3180
Photo of Norma J Moore, Marriage & Family Therapist in Grass Valley, CA
Norma J Moore
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
Grass Valley, CA 95945
Waitlist for new clients
We all get "stuck" sometimes ~ whether through an unexpected event, an expectation that wasn't met, or the inability to move forward in life. It could affect one aspect of your life, or many, and manifest as procrastination, overwhelm, the inability to make a decision, moodiness, etc. However it shows up, it's costly in time, energy, and relationships.
We all get "stuck" sometimes ~ whether through an unexpected event, an expectation that wasn't met, or the inability to move forward in life. It could affect one aspect of your life, or many, and manifest as procrastination, overwhelm, the inability to make a decision, moodiness, etc. However it shows up, it's costly in time, energy, and relationships.
(530) 633-6397 View (530) 633-6397
Photo of Brian David Parker, Counselor in Grass Valley, CA
Brian David Parker
Counselor, LPCC, MA
Verified Verified
Grass Valley, CA 95945
You are on a path toward healing. I would love to partner with you and bring my training and experience to support your healing and growth. Individuals, couples, families, and children are all welcome. I work with Narrative, Existential, and Strengths Based modalities to help you find meaning in suffering, create a new narrative, and capitalize on the strengths you already have. I am trained in Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and EMDR. I provide therapy in English and in Spanish.
You are on a path toward healing. I would love to partner with you and bring my training and experience to support your healing and growth. Individuals, couples, families, and children are all welcome. I work with Narrative, Existential, and Strengths Based modalities to help you find meaning in suffering, create a new narrative, and capitalize on the strengths you already have. I am trained in Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and EMDR. I provide therapy in English and in Spanish.
(530) 444-6203 View (530) 444-6203
Photo of Support and Solutions, Steve Navisky, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist in Grass Valley, CA
Support and Solutions, Steve Navisky, LMFT
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Grass Valley, CA 95945  (Online Only)
PERSONAL STATEMENT Clear communication, taking risks and responsibility for one's actions and feelings, allow natural, self-healing resources to emerge from within us. Clients are encouraged to face fear and pain, live in the present moment, and not retreat into the past; thus, finding strength, courage and trust, leading to wholeness. A belief in a POWER, greater than our smaller selves, connects us to our healthier and truer SELF. This is a key factor in the healing process. We have experienced this greater SELF, often in times of great trial and/or great joy. It works!
PERSONAL STATEMENT Clear communication, taking risks and responsibility for one's actions and feelings, allow natural, self-healing resources to emerge from within us. Clients are encouraged to face fear and pain, live in the present moment, and not retreat into the past; thus, finding strength, courage and trust, leading to wholeness. A belief in a POWER, greater than our smaller selves, connects us to our healthier and truer SELF. This is a key factor in the healing process. We have experienced this greater SELF, often in times of great trial and/or great joy. It works!
(530) 588-0988 View (530) 588-0988
Photo of Sierra Therese Sparks, Marriage & Family Therapist in Grass Valley, CA
Sierra Therese Sparks
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Grass Valley, CA 95945
The best project you will ever work on is YOU (or your relationships). There is HOPE and everyone has a story. I am here to hear yours, your families, relationships or child's. I will coach you through the challenges you face with compassion and trust. I am a psychotherapist and the owner/director of Sierra Family Therapy Centers in Nevada County. I work with couples, individuals and troubled teens/children. My approach is strength-based, providing support and feedback to my clients in order to help gain insight towards improving your life.
The best project you will ever work on is YOU (or your relationships). There is HOPE and everyone has a story. I am here to hear yours, your families, relationships or child's. I will coach you through the challenges you face with compassion and trust. I am a psychotherapist and the owner/director of Sierra Family Therapy Centers in Nevada County. I work with couples, individuals and troubled teens/children. My approach is strength-based, providing support and feedback to my clients in order to help gain insight towards improving your life.
(530) 419-5818 View (530) 419-5818
Photo of Christopher Shirey, Associate Professional Clinical Counselor in Grass Valley, CA
Christopher Shirey
Associate Professional Clinical Counselor, APCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Grass Valley, CA 95945
Not accepting new clients
Now part of Kindred Heart Therapy Group. Many people know where they would like to be, but are unsure of how to get there. You may find yourself worrying about different parts of your life and looking for help. Together, we can process different aspects of your life and work toward reaching your goals. Meeting with a therapist can be an intimidating experience, but I hope you can take the time to give yourself an opportunity to see how I can help.
Now part of Kindred Heart Therapy Group. Many people know where they would like to be, but are unsure of how to get there. You may find yourself worrying about different parts of your life and looking for help. Together, we can process different aspects of your life and work toward reaching your goals. Meeting with a therapist can be an intimidating experience, but I hope you can take the time to give yourself an opportunity to see how I can help.
(530) 236-6873 View (530) 236-6873
Photo of Sylvia Wenninger, Marriage & Family Therapist in Grass Valley, CA
Sylvia Wenninger
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Grass Valley, CA 95945
If you feel stuck -- whether it's the loneliness of an unfulfilling relationship, the dark hole of depression, or the bewilderment of grief -- I would welcome the chance to connect with you. In my fifteen years of practice, I have helped clients to emerge renewed from some of life's hardest places.
If you feel stuck -- whether it's the loneliness of an unfulfilling relationship, the dark hole of depression, or the bewilderment of grief -- I would welcome the chance to connect with you. In my fifteen years of practice, I have helped clients to emerge renewed from some of life's hardest places.
(415) 799-4207 View (415) 799-4207
Photo of Veronica Monet in Grass Valley, CA
Veronica Monet
ACS
Verified Verified
Grass Valley, CA 95945
I want to help you. But are we a good fit? Here's what my clients appreciate most about me: 1. They KNOW they'll be accepted and valued no matter what they share with me. 2. They value my skills as an empath because I can get to the solutions they need much more precisely. 3. They want a dynamic combination of spiritual guidance and concrete steps to their desired goals. 4. They know they can obtain information about sex and sexuality that is not available from their doctor or even online. 5. They trust me to see and foster their personal best!
I want to help you. But are we a good fit? Here's what my clients appreciate most about me: 1. They KNOW they'll be accepted and valued no matter what they share with me. 2. They value my skills as an empath because I can get to the solutions they need much more precisely. 3. They want a dynamic combination of spiritual guidance and concrete steps to their desired goals. 4. They know they can obtain information about sex and sexuality that is not available from their doctor or even online. 5. They trust me to see and foster their personal best!
(415) 691-2832 View (415) 691-2832

See more therapy options for Grass Valley

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Grass Valley, CA

100+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in Grass Valley, CA who prioritize treating:

92% Anxiety
89% Depression
83% Trauma and PTSD
80% Grief
79% Self Esteem
76% Relationship Issues
68% Stress

Average years in practice

15 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

45% Anthem | Elevance
42% Medi-Cal
40% MHN | Health Net

How Therapists in Grass Valley, CA see their clients

77% In Person and Online
23% Online Only

Gender breakdown

84% Female
16% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Grass Valley?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.