Therapists in Grass Valley, CA

Photo of Jesse Downard, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in Grass Valley, CA
Jesse Downard
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, AMFT
Verified
Grass Valley, CA 95945
I enjoy working with individuals, families, and couples strengthening self-reliance, self-awareness, familial as well as relational bonds. During these times, therapy has its challenges and can be quite confusing. This is especially true for younger children. Through the use of telehealth, I do what I can to make therapy a comfortable experience.
I enjoy working with individuals, families, and couples strengthening self-reliance, self-awareness, familial as well as relational bonds. During these times, therapy has its challenges and can be quite confusing. This is especially true for younger children. Through the use of telehealth, I do what I can to make therapy a comfortable experience.
(530) 290-8302 View (530) 290-8302
Photo of Natasha Browne, Marriage & Family Therapist in Grass Valley, CA
Natasha Browne
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT, CPDT
Verified
Grass Valley, CA 95945  (Online Only)
(I AM ONLINE ONLY AT THIS TIME)- Is your child struggling with behavioral issues, problems at school, fears, sadness, or anger?Are you feeling stuck and not knowing how to help them? All kids with go through times where they struggle. It is during these struggles when support can make all the difference. We will work together to find ways to support you and your family.
(I AM ONLINE ONLY AT THIS TIME)- Is your child struggling with behavioral issues, problems at school, fears, sadness, or anger?Are you feeling stuck and not knowing how to help them? All kids with go through times where they struggle. It is during these struggles when support can make all the difference. We will work together to find ways to support you and your family.
(650) 567-4028 View (650) 567-4028
Photo of Joy Molaro, Counselor in Grass Valley, CA
Joy Molaro
Counselor, LPCC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Grass Valley, CA 95945
Let’s face it, if you're reading this you are struggling. Maybe you’re feeling depressed, anxious, or confused about a current life situation. You're thinking too much and getting overwhelmed by your emotions, feeling uninspired, or lacking spark and creativity. Do you need to learn more about yourself or practice a new skill? To work through shame and give yourself permission to do you? Life can be hard and sometimes you need extra support. Good for you for being brave and reaching out! I am here to help!
Let’s face it, if you're reading this you are struggling. Maybe you’re feeling depressed, anxious, or confused about a current life situation. You're thinking too much and getting overwhelmed by your emotions, feeling uninspired, or lacking spark and creativity. Do you need to learn more about yourself or practice a new skill? To work through shame and give yourself permission to do you? Life can be hard and sometimes you need extra support. Good for you for being brave and reaching out! I am here to help!
(530) 441-2309 View (530) 441-2309
Photo of Caitlin Pell, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in Grass Valley, CA
Caitlin Pell
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MA, AMFT
Verified
Grass Valley, CA 95949
Waitlist for new clients
My intention is to gently guide you towards your own innate wisdom and fully support you as your transformation unfolds. I prefer to take a direct, experiential approach, meeting each client where they are at and honoring their individual needs. I specialize in body-based (somatic) inquiry to address a variety of issues, with a specific interest in treating trauma, relationship issues, and addiction. My therapeutic approach is uniquely inspired from my own personal experience with healing, drawing from both ancient Eastern philosophy and modern research-based theories of attachment and developmental trauma.
My intention is to gently guide you towards your own innate wisdom and fully support you as your transformation unfolds. I prefer to take a direct, experiential approach, meeting each client where they are at and honoring their individual needs. I specialize in body-based (somatic) inquiry to address a variety of issues, with a specific interest in treating trauma, relationship issues, and addiction. My therapeutic approach is uniquely inspired from my own personal experience with healing, drawing from both ancient Eastern philosophy and modern research-based theories of attachment and developmental trauma.
(530) 287-8209 View (530) 287-8209
Photo of Julie Marie Choquette, Marriage & Family Therapist in Grass Valley, CA
Julie Marie Choquette
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
Grass Valley, CA 95949
I believe in providing a client-centered, strength-based, nonjudgmental and compassionate place to assist clients in creating the life that they desire and deserve. I integrate various approaches in collaboration with clients to develop goals that promote healing and healthy living. Working with individuals, children and families has been very fulfilling and I feel fortunate to have the opportunity to do this work.
I believe in providing a client-centered, strength-based, nonjudgmental and compassionate place to assist clients in creating the life that they desire and deserve. I integrate various approaches in collaboration with clients to develop goals that promote healing and healthy living. Working with individuals, children and families has been very fulfilling and I feel fortunate to have the opportunity to do this work.
(530) 212-7122 View (530) 212-7122
Photo of Kathleen Benson, Marriage & Family Therapist in Grass Valley, CA
Kathleen Benson
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified
Grass Valley, CA 95945  (Online Only)
During difficult times, no matter how big or small the issue may be, I extend an invitation to provide support and guidance, while you and/or your family member(s) take steps towards healing. Everyone knows or understands what it means to suffer - whether one grew up in a volatile family system, carries the scars of traumatic life events or lives with feelings of self-doubt, inner discord or unhappiness. I can provide you with a client and trauma - centered approach to healing. I will help you acquire the balance, relief, or personal development you are seeking.
During difficult times, no matter how big or small the issue may be, I extend an invitation to provide support and guidance, while you and/or your family member(s) take steps towards healing. Everyone knows or understands what it means to suffer - whether one grew up in a volatile family system, carries the scars of traumatic life events or lives with feelings of self-doubt, inner discord or unhappiness. I can provide you with a client and trauma - centered approach to healing. I will help you acquire the balance, relief, or personal development you are seeking.
(530) 771-6615 View (530) 771-6615
Photo of Michelle M Tagg #114554, Associate Clinical Social Worker in Grass Valley, CA
Michelle M Tagg #114554
Associate Clinical Social Worker, ASW
Verified
Grass Valley, CA 95945
My goal is to help others process through this journey of life in a supportive and healthy way. Much of my career has been working with children and families addressing generational substance abuse, poverty, and domestic violence. I also have over 9 years of experience working in the hospice field and working through end of life events.
My goal is to help others process through this journey of life in a supportive and healthy way. Much of my career has been working with children and families addressing generational substance abuse, poverty, and domestic violence. I also have over 9 years of experience working in the hospice field and working through end of life events.
(530) 444-1912 View (530) 444-1912
Photo of Leslie A Bauman, Marriage & Family Therapist in Grass Valley, CA
Leslie A Bauman
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, MS, LMFT
Verified
Grass Valley, CA 95945  (Online Only)
I am committed to providing a safe and protected space for you. My approach to therapy combines warmth, compassion and insight with practical problem solving. Therapy can be a powerful step toward solving problems and healing emotional wounds.I believe the best therapy is individualized to the client and that all people are resilient, with the inner strength necessary to grow and heal. I have several years of experience working with individuals. I combine insight, depth, and humanistic approaches to therapy and utilize dream work, as a way of looking deeper. I look forward to talking with you.
I am committed to providing a safe and protected space for you. My approach to therapy combines warmth, compassion and insight with practical problem solving. Therapy can be a powerful step toward solving problems and healing emotional wounds.I believe the best therapy is individualized to the client and that all people are resilient, with the inner strength necessary to grow and heal. I have several years of experience working with individuals. I combine insight, depth, and humanistic approaches to therapy and utilize dream work, as a way of looking deeper. I look forward to talking with you.
(530) 419-6052 View (530) 419-6052
Photo of Robert Johnson, Marriage & Family Therapist in Grass Valley, CA
Robert Johnson
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, MA
Verified
1 Endorsed
Grass Valley, CA 95945
I believe in the healing force within each person and its natural inclination to arc towards wholeness and health. If we want it enough, have patience, clarity and support we can heal and feel freedom in life. Growth happens best in relationship and I am here to support you on your path, wherever that might be. I am anchored in Jungian psychology, Existentialism and AEDP/Somatic work. More importantly, I try to cultivate a sense of warmth, care, respect and curiosity in my work with clients. I work with clients experiencing: anxiety, depression, grief, relationship/family issues, PTSD, self-criticism and lack of meaning.
I believe in the healing force within each person and its natural inclination to arc towards wholeness and health. If we want it enough, have patience, clarity and support we can heal and feel freedom in life. Growth happens best in relationship and I am here to support you on your path, wherever that might be. I am anchored in Jungian psychology, Existentialism and AEDP/Somatic work. More importantly, I try to cultivate a sense of warmth, care, respect and curiosity in my work with clients. I work with clients experiencing: anxiety, depression, grief, relationship/family issues, PTSD, self-criticism and lack of meaning.
(530) 248-6965 View (530) 248-6965
Photo of Sierra Therapy Center in Grass Valley, CA
Sierra Therapy Center
LMFT
Verified
1 Endorsed
Grass Valley, CA 95945
Our story: Some of the best physicians are wounded healers, those who have walked through pain and suffering themselves only to emerge on the other side to help others. We believe strongly in the human capacity to heal. Our counseling specialists work with children/teens, adults, couples and families. With sensitivity and compassion, we help you bring resolution to the struggles you are facing. Modalities range from depth therapy, IMAGO couples therapy, Brainspotting, EMDR, play therapy, addiction groups to solution focused. We are trained in a variety of different therapeutic interventions that will fit what you need.
Our story: Some of the best physicians are wounded healers, those who have walked through pain and suffering themselves only to emerge on the other side to help others. We believe strongly in the human capacity to heal. Our counseling specialists work with children/teens, adults, couples and families. With sensitivity and compassion, we help you bring resolution to the struggles you are facing. Modalities range from depth therapy, IMAGO couples therapy, Brainspotting, EMDR, play therapy, addiction groups to solution focused. We are trained in a variety of different therapeutic interventions that will fit what you need.
(530) 419-5189 View (530) 419-5189
Photo of Windy DiPietro, Marriage & Family Therapist in Grass Valley, CA
Windy DiPietro
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT, Coach, RYT
Verified
Grass Valley, CA 95949
You want to appear secure and confident like, "I got this"! But deep down you are struggling with anxiety and second-guessing yourself. Do you ever feel trapped in a relentless emotional storm, where every disagreement threatens your relationship and overwhelms you? The constant fear of abandonment, the need for constant reassurance – these burdens weigh heavily on your heart. It's like walking an emotional tightrope, longing for love and connection. These patterns, etched into our souls from an early age can lead to unending emotional turmoil and strained relationships. But I understand your deep yearning for love and connection.
You want to appear secure and confident like, "I got this"! But deep down you are struggling with anxiety and second-guessing yourself. Do you ever feel trapped in a relentless emotional storm, where every disagreement threatens your relationship and overwhelms you? The constant fear of abandonment, the need for constant reassurance – these burdens weigh heavily on your heart. It's like walking an emotional tightrope, longing for love and connection. These patterns, etched into our souls from an early age can lead to unending emotional turmoil and strained relationships. But I understand your deep yearning for love and connection.
(530) 734-3180 View (530) 734-3180
Photo of Laura L Sanchez-Lmft, Marriage & Family Therapist in Grass Valley, CA
Laura L Sanchez-Lmft
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified
Grass Valley, CA 95949  (Online Only)
Telehealth therapy available for clients who live in Calif. Evening appts. available. I am a compassionate, supportive, culturally competent, intelligent therapists who has the experience to connect with others. I offer this to my clients. I will get to the issues during the first session and help clients set goals for therapy. I have experience working with clients from different cultures struggling w/symptoms of depression, anxiety, life transitions, grief/loss, complex prolonged grief, sexual assault, complex trauma, communication issues, childless by choice or not by choice, IVF, parenting, PTSD, addiction.
Telehealth therapy available for clients who live in Calif. Evening appts. available. I am a compassionate, supportive, culturally competent, intelligent therapists who has the experience to connect with others. I offer this to my clients. I will get to the issues during the first session and help clients set goals for therapy. I have experience working with clients from different cultures struggling w/symptoms of depression, anxiety, life transitions, grief/loss, complex prolonged grief, sexual assault, complex trauma, communication issues, childless by choice or not by choice, IVF, parenting, PTSD, addiction.
(530) 444-6857 View (530) 444-6857
Photo of Support and Solutions, Steve Navisky, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist in Grass Valley, CA
Support and Solutions, Steve Navisky, LMFT
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified
Grass Valley, CA 95945  (Online Only)
PERSONAL STATEMENT Clear communication, taking risks and responsibility for one's actions and feelings, allow natural, self-healing resources to emerge from within us. Clients are encouraged to face fear and pain, live in the present moment, and not retreat into the past; thus, finding strength, courage and trust, leading to wholeness. A belief in a POWER, greater than our smaller selves, connects us to our healthier and truer SELF. This is a key factor in the healing process. We have experienced this greater SELF, often in times of great trial and/or great joy. It works!
PERSONAL STATEMENT Clear communication, taking risks and responsibility for one's actions and feelings, allow natural, self-healing resources to emerge from within us. Clients are encouraged to face fear and pain, live in the present moment, and not retreat into the past; thus, finding strength, courage and trust, leading to wholeness. A belief in a POWER, greater than our smaller selves, connects us to our healthier and truer SELF. This is a key factor in the healing process. We have experienced this greater SELF, often in times of great trial and/or great joy. It works!
(530) 588-0988 View (530) 588-0988
Photo of Samantha Rasmusen, Marriage & Family Therapist in Grass Valley, CA
Samantha Rasmusen
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, MA
Verified
3 Endorsed
Grass Valley, CA 95945  (Online Only)
Are you ready to heal? Ready to break unhealthy patterns that no longer serve you? I can help. I aim to create a therapeutic relationship and setting that is a living sanctuary for your heart and soul. In the darkest night of unimaginable pain and grief, one hand to hold, one heart to listen, can be all that's needed to make it until the sun rises again.
Are you ready to heal? Ready to break unhealthy patterns that no longer serve you? I can help. I aim to create a therapeutic relationship and setting that is a living sanctuary for your heart and soul. In the darkest night of unimaginable pain and grief, one hand to hold, one heart to listen, can be all that's needed to make it until the sun rises again.
(530) 435-7641 View (530) 435-7641
Photo of Susan Garner, Marriage & Family Therapist in Grass Valley, CA
Susan Garner
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified
Grass Valley, CA 95945  (Online Only)
I have been a practicing psychotherapist for 20 years, working primarily with individuals and couples (including same sex couples): including individuals from diverse cultural backgrounds, parents and adult children seeking to heal old wounds and improve communication. My work with individual adult clients has focussed primarily on anxiety, panic attacks, depression, adjusting to life transitions and problems in primary relationships. Whatever your objectives, whether to identify and change self-limiting narratives, heal trauma and losses, improve communication skills and/or need couples therapy, I can help you.
I have been a practicing psychotherapist for 20 years, working primarily with individuals and couples (including same sex couples): including individuals from diverse cultural backgrounds, parents and adult children seeking to heal old wounds and improve communication. My work with individual adult clients has focussed primarily on anxiety, panic attacks, depression, adjusting to life transitions and problems in primary relationships. Whatever your objectives, whether to identify and change self-limiting narratives, heal trauma and losses, improve communication skills and/or need couples therapy, I can help you.
(530) 285-2508 View (530) 285-2508
Photo of Elizabeth Smith, Marriage & Family Therapist in Grass Valley, CA
Elizabeth Smith
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified
Grass Valley, CA 95945
I offer confidential psychotherapy to adults, adolescents, and children in a compassionate, safe and nonjudgmental environment. My approach to therapy is client-centered, collaborative, and strength-based. It is my belief that we are all unique and one approach does not fit all. I enjoy helping my clients in a broad range of issues, including anxiety, depression, trauma, grief and loss, co-dependency, relationship concerns, parenting, and adoption/foster-care issues. I consider it a privilege to come alongside and support individuals and families as they navigate life's many challenges and joys.
I offer confidential psychotherapy to adults, adolescents, and children in a compassionate, safe and nonjudgmental environment. My approach to therapy is client-centered, collaborative, and strength-based. It is my belief that we are all unique and one approach does not fit all. I enjoy helping my clients in a broad range of issues, including anxiety, depression, trauma, grief and loss, co-dependency, relationship concerns, parenting, and adoption/foster-care issues. I consider it a privilege to come alongside and support individuals and families as they navigate life's many challenges and joys.
(530) 771-6484 View (530) 771-6484
Photo of Susan Byrne, Marriage & Family Therapist in Grass Valley, CA
Susan Byrne
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
1 Endorsed
Grass Valley, CA 95949
These are challenging, even scary, times for many. People can feel at a loss about how and where to find support. Many people experience an increase in anxiety, depression and PTSD symptoms due to personal and global challenges. If you are struggling, please know there are resources that can help even if you are not able to go out into your community or to a therapist's office. I am offering phone and video chat sessions via Zoom. A recent episode on NPR.org titled, "How to Get Therapy When You Can't Leave the House" might be of interest and helpful. You can also go to www.NPR.org/Life Kit
These are challenging, even scary, times for many. People can feel at a loss about how and where to find support. Many people experience an increase in anxiety, depression and PTSD symptoms due to personal and global challenges. If you are struggling, please know there are resources that can help even if you are not able to go out into your community or to a therapist's office. I am offering phone and video chat sessions via Zoom. A recent episode on NPR.org titled, "How to Get Therapy When You Can't Leave the House" might be of interest and helpful. You can also go to www.NPR.org/Life Kit
(530) 738-5040 View (530) 738-5040
Photo of Ngoc Tran, Marriage & Family Therapist in Grass Valley, CA
Ngoc Tran
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
Grass Valley, CA 95949
Hi there, I'm Ngoc, a licensed marriage and family therapist. I am experienced in treating anxiety disorders, life transitions, relationship/marital issues, traumatic experiences, and the grief and loss process. I love utilizing my bilingual/ bicultural background and my Christian belief system while relying on my relational-intuitive-integrative approach to work on issues that are unique to individuals' lives. I work to understand individuals through the lens of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy, Attachment-Based Theory, Psychodynamic, and Family Systems, and help them tell their stories in a God-centered way (Narrative Therapy).
Hi there, I'm Ngoc, a licensed marriage and family therapist. I am experienced in treating anxiety disorders, life transitions, relationship/marital issues, traumatic experiences, and the grief and loss process. I love utilizing my bilingual/ bicultural background and my Christian belief system while relying on my relational-intuitive-integrative approach to work on issues that are unique to individuals' lives. I work to understand individuals through the lens of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy, Attachment-Based Theory, Psychodynamic, and Family Systems, and help them tell their stories in a God-centered way (Narrative Therapy).
(530) 296-8517 View (530) 296-8517
Photo of Sylvia Wenninger, Marriage & Family Therapist in Grass Valley, CA
Sylvia Wenninger
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified
4 Endorsed
Grass Valley, CA 95945
If you feel stuck -- whether it's the loneliness of an unfulfilling relationship, the dark hole of depression, or the bewilderment of grief -- I would welcome the chance to connect with you. In my fifteen years of practice, I have helped clients to emerge renewed from some of life's hardest places.
If you feel stuck -- whether it's the loneliness of an unfulfilling relationship, the dark hole of depression, or the bewilderment of grief -- I would welcome the chance to connect with you. In my fifteen years of practice, I have helped clients to emerge renewed from some of life's hardest places.
(415) 799-4207 View (415) 799-4207
Photo of Christopher Shirey, Associate Professional Clinical Counselor in Grass Valley, CA
Christopher Shirey
Associate Professional Clinical Counselor, APCC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Grass Valley, CA 95945
Not accepting new clients
Now part of Kindred Heart Therapy Group. Many people know where they would like to be, but are unsure of how to get there. You may find yourself worrying about different parts of your life and looking for help. Together, we can process different aspects of your life and work toward reaching your goals. Meeting with a therapist can be an intimidating experience, but I hope you can take the time to give yourself an opportunity to see how I can help.
Now part of Kindred Heart Therapy Group. Many people know where they would like to be, but are unsure of how to get there. You may find yourself worrying about different parts of your life and looking for help. Together, we can process different aspects of your life and work toward reaching your goals. Meeting with a therapist can be an intimidating experience, but I hope you can take the time to give yourself an opportunity to see how I can help.
(530) 236-6873 View (530) 236-6873

See more therapy options for Grass Valley

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Grass Valley, CA

100+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in Grass Valley, CA who prioritize treating:

91% Anxiety
89% Depression
82% Trauma and PTSD
80% Grief
78% Self Esteem
77% Relationship Issues
68% Stress

Average years in practice

16 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

49% Anthem | Elevance
43% MHN | Health Net
43% Medi-Cal

How Therapists in Grass Valley, CA see their clients

76% In Person and Online
24% Online Only

Gender breakdown

83% Female
17% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Grass Valley?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.