Therapists in East Industrial, Fremont, CA

Photo of Jennifer Grijalva, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Jennifer Grijalva
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
East Industrial, Fremont, CA 94539
Hi there, my name is Jennifer Grijalva and I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) based in Los Angeles, California. I specialize in working with adults and adolescents who experience anxiety, depression, self-esteem issues, grief, trauma, or racial and systemic oppression. I use a strength-based and self-empowerment approach. Through this approach, I assist individuals with identifying their own strengths so that they can use those skills to cope with the life stressors they are experiencing in order to live a more fulfilling life.
Hi there, my name is Jennifer Grijalva and I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) based in Los Angeles, California. I specialize in working with adults and adolescents who experience anxiety, depression, self-esteem issues, grief, trauma, or racial and systemic oppression. I use a strength-based and self-empowerment approach. Through this approach, I assist individuals with identifying their own strengths so that they can use those skills to cope with the life stressors they are experiencing in order to live a more fulfilling life.
(510) 901-3405 View (510) 901-3405
Photo of Diana Plotnikova, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Diana Plotnikova
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
East Industrial, Fremont, CA 94539
Hello there, my name is Diana Plotnikova, I am a licensed LMFT therapist in California. I support clients in their self-discovery process through the transformative power of psychotherapy to create meaningful changes in life, empower unique gifts and purpose, and enhance mental and emotional well-being. I believe that each of us possesses an internal source of insight and wisdom that can be cultivated through therapy. My approach is warm, relational, strengths-based, and trauma-informed.
Hello there, my name is Diana Plotnikova, I am a licensed LMFT therapist in California. I support clients in their self-discovery process through the transformative power of psychotherapy to create meaningful changes in life, empower unique gifts and purpose, and enhance mental and emotional well-being. I believe that each of us possesses an internal source of insight and wisdom that can be cultivated through therapy. My approach is warm, relational, strengths-based, and trauma-informed.
(510) 395-8578 View (510) 395-8578
Photo of Jen Espino, MA, LMFT, PMH-C, Marriage & Family Therapist
Jen Espino
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT, PMH-C
Verified Verified
East Industrial, Fremont, CA 94539  (Online Only)
You didn't realize just how overwhelmed, broken, and alone you'd feel. Suffering through infertility is beyond devastating. Infertility brings stress, anxiety, and depression right up to the surface and impacts everything, especially our most meaningful relationships. Even 'happy' things end up in a complex mash-up of emotions. Despite your best efforts, the emotional roller coaster and quiet despair haven't gone away. You try so so hard. And yet, you are lost, filled with worry and guilt. You fear losing connection with the person you once were before the chaos of infertility.
You didn't realize just how overwhelmed, broken, and alone you'd feel. Suffering through infertility is beyond devastating. Infertility brings stress, anxiety, and depression right up to the surface and impacts everything, especially our most meaningful relationships. Even 'happy' things end up in a complex mash-up of emotions. Despite your best efforts, the emotional roller coaster and quiet despair haven't gone away. You try so so hard. And yet, you are lost, filled with worry and guilt. You fear losing connection with the person you once were before the chaos of infertility.
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Photo of Michelle Pack, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Michelle Pack
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
East Industrial, Fremont, CA 94538
Hello, I am Michelle Pack, LMFT. I focus on building positive relationships with my clients and reducing negative symptoms. I have many years of experience working with foster care and adoption and issues relating to trauma, grief/loss and adoption. I mostly work with individuals, from pre-teen to adult, and sometimes couples. I'm comfortable addressing anxiety, depression, sleep issues, work problems, grief/loss, adoption-related issues, difficulties of being a foster parent, relationship and parenting problems.
Hello, I am Michelle Pack, LMFT. I focus on building positive relationships with my clients and reducing negative symptoms. I have many years of experience working with foster care and adoption and issues relating to trauma, grief/loss and adoption. I mostly work with individuals, from pre-teen to adult, and sometimes couples. I'm comfortable addressing anxiety, depression, sleep issues, work problems, grief/loss, adoption-related issues, difficulties of being a foster parent, relationship and parenting problems.
(510) 953-4469 View (510) 953-4469
Photo of Teri-Lee Hedman, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Teri-Lee Hedman
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
East Industrial, Fremont, CA 94539
Hello, my name is Teri Hedman and I am a licensed clinical social worker. I take a holistic approach to healing and I would love to partner with you on your journey. I have a strong background in supporting folks navigating trauma and addiction. I believe whether or not we have a substance addiction, we all have something to “recover” from in the epic journey that is our life. I have found that in this process, we also can discover and reclaim our true selves and reorient to living a thriving life. I also have specialized training focused on supporting women, especially in the postpartum period and other transitions.
Hello, my name is Teri Hedman and I am a licensed clinical social worker. I take a holistic approach to healing and I would love to partner with you on your journey. I have a strong background in supporting folks navigating trauma and addiction. I believe whether or not we have a substance addiction, we all have something to “recover” from in the epic journey that is our life. I have found that in this process, we also can discover and reclaim our true selves and reorient to living a thriving life. I also have specialized training focused on supporting women, especially in the postpartum period and other transitions.
(510) 939-9150 View (510) 939-9150
Photo of Carrie Gajowski, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Carrie Gajowski
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
East Industrial, Fremont, CA 94538
Welcome! I am so glad you are here. I want you to know that you can have the life that you want and deserve. My name is Carrie Gajowski and I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist who works with adults in complicated relationships. I work with people who are involved in relationships that aren’t working for them and they may not know why or what is happening. I will work alongside you to determine what you want and help you identify what you might need to do next in your relationship.
Welcome! I am so glad you are here. I want you to know that you can have the life that you want and deserve. My name is Carrie Gajowski and I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist who works with adults in complicated relationships. I work with people who are involved in relationships that aren’t working for them and they may not know why or what is happening. I will work alongside you to determine what you want and help you identify what you might need to do next in your relationship.
(510) 214-4098 View (510) 214-4098
Photo of Yoselin Ortiz-Luna, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Yoselin Ortiz-Luna
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
East Industrial, Fremont, CA 94538
Hello my name is Yoselin Ortiz-Luna, I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker. I have worked with children, teen, adults and families. I've helped clients experiencing depression, anxiety, anger and behavioral issues, oppositional defiance, family conflict, life transitions, parenting, self-esteem and women's issues. Psychotherapy is a process in which a therapist and client can explore many areas of life, with the purpose of working towards positive change. I provide a strength-based, interculturally competent, and person centered approach using Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), solution focused and attachment based therapy.
Hello my name is Yoselin Ortiz-Luna, I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker. I have worked with children, teen, adults and families. I've helped clients experiencing depression, anxiety, anger and behavioral issues, oppositional defiance, family conflict, life transitions, parenting, self-esteem and women's issues. Psychotherapy is a process in which a therapist and client can explore many areas of life, with the purpose of working towards positive change. I provide a strength-based, interculturally competent, and person centered approach using Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), solution focused and attachment based therapy.
(510) 726-6878 View (510) 726-6878
Photo of Brenda Barba, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Brenda Barba
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
East Industrial, Fremont, CA 94538
I am so glad you are taking the first step in this journey! Now Let me introduce myself. My name is Brenda Barba, Licensed Clinical Social Worker, I have been in the mental health profession for 5 years, but in the field for nearly 10. I enjoy what I do and constantly continue to educate myself to provide the best service to individuals who want to grow, heal, control their emotions, increase self-awareness and confidence, and learn coping skills to reach the best version of themselves. I have worked with a wide range of mental health diagnoses including but not limited to personality disorders, bipolar disorder, PTSD, anxiety.
I am so glad you are taking the first step in this journey! Now Let me introduce myself. My name is Brenda Barba, Licensed Clinical Social Worker, I have been in the mental health profession for 5 years, but in the field for nearly 10. I enjoy what I do and constantly continue to educate myself to provide the best service to individuals who want to grow, heal, control their emotions, increase self-awareness and confidence, and learn coping skills to reach the best version of themselves. I have worked with a wide range of mental health diagnoses including but not limited to personality disorders, bipolar disorder, PTSD, anxiety.
(510) 871-8689 View (510) 871-8689
Photo of Josie Dameyer, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Josie Dameyer
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
East Industrial, Fremont, CA 94539
Josie Dameyer, Ph.D., MFT. I am a licensed Marriage and Family Therapist. I utilize Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Motivational Interviewing, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, and Client Centered therapeutic techniques. I work with Individuals of all ages and specialize in the treatment of anxiety and depression, substance abuse, and stress related to career, relationship, or parenting.
Josie Dameyer, Ph.D., MFT. I am a licensed Marriage and Family Therapist. I utilize Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Motivational Interviewing, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, and Client Centered therapeutic techniques. I work with Individuals of all ages and specialize in the treatment of anxiety and depression, substance abuse, and stress related to career, relationship, or parenting.
(510) 660-0217 View (510) 660-0217
Photo of Gayle Marroquin, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Gayle Marroquin
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
East Industrial, Fremont, CA 94539
Trauma and abuse may often present long term challenges but through a healthy and empathetic therapeutic alliance, safety and confidence with processing difficult pasts can be attainable. I enjoy providing a compassionate and empowering process during therapy to assist with each individual's growth in various transitions through life.
Trauma and abuse may often present long term challenges but through a healthy and empathetic therapeutic alliance, safety and confidence with processing difficult pasts can be attainable. I enjoy providing a compassionate and empowering process during therapy to assist with each individual's growth in various transitions through life.
(408) 516-5707 View (408) 516-5707
Photo of Jemara Garcia, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Jemara Garcia
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
East Industrial, Fremont, CA 94538
My name is Jemara Garcia and my mission is to guide and support you in your healing process. I am a dedicated bilingual therapist with 12 years of experience in the mental health field in both hospital and community settings. My education and background in Social Work and Integrated Health have helped me to be sensitive to the systemic, environmental, and cultural factors that impact an individual's mental health. I specialize in anxiety, mood disorders, trauma, ADHD, schizophrenia, and bereavement. I am trained in evidence-based practices such as Interpersonal Psychotherapy and various Cognitive Behavioral Therapies.
My name is Jemara Garcia and my mission is to guide and support you in your healing process. I am a dedicated bilingual therapist with 12 years of experience in the mental health field in both hospital and community settings. My education and background in Social Work and Integrated Health have helped me to be sensitive to the systemic, environmental, and cultural factors that impact an individual's mental health. I specialize in anxiety, mood disorders, trauma, ADHD, schizophrenia, and bereavement. I am trained in evidence-based practices such as Interpersonal Psychotherapy and various Cognitive Behavioral Therapies.
(510) 617-1101 View (510) 617-1101
Photo of Tawny Dominguez, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Tawny Dominguez
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
East Industrial, Fremont, CA 94538
Hi! My name is Tawny Dominguez, LMFT. I am a licensed Marriage and Family Therapist, who works with clients to achieve physical and emotional well-being. My areas of specialty include, chronic illness, eating disorders, addictions, anxiety, depression, and daily life struggles. I work with individuals, couples and families. I help clients take control of life challenges with a caring, professional, and understanding therapeutic environment. I am dedicated to helping and providing clients with tools needed to deal with addiction, anxiety, depression, eating disorders, family interaction, etc.
Hi! My name is Tawny Dominguez, LMFT. I am a licensed Marriage and Family Therapist, who works with clients to achieve physical and emotional well-being. My areas of specialty include, chronic illness, eating disorders, addictions, anxiety, depression, and daily life struggles. I work with individuals, couples and families. I help clients take control of life challenges with a caring, professional, and understanding therapeutic environment. I am dedicated to helping and providing clients with tools needed to deal with addiction, anxiety, depression, eating disorders, family interaction, etc.
(510) 990-9966 View (510) 990-9966
Photo of Amanda Valladares, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Amanda Valladares
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
East Industrial, Fremont, CA 94538
Hello, my name is Amanda Valladares. I am an LCSW and have been in the career of social work therapies for eight years. I completed my undergraduate studies at Cal State Northridge and my master's program at Columbia University. My approach style for therapy is tailored depending on the therapeutic needs of the client. I have worked with a broad range of cultures, ages, and genders. The focus of my practice is to increase clients' motivation, self-esteem, skills, and confidence in being able to work toward independently managing their therapeutic concerns.
Hello, my name is Amanda Valladares. I am an LCSW and have been in the career of social work therapies for eight years. I completed my undergraduate studies at Cal State Northridge and my master's program at Columbia University. My approach style for therapy is tailored depending on the therapeutic needs of the client. I have worked with a broad range of cultures, ages, and genders. The focus of my practice is to increase clients' motivation, self-esteem, skills, and confidence in being able to work toward independently managing their therapeutic concerns.
(510) 907-6232 View (510) 907-6232
Photo of Benedicte Last, LCP, Psychologist
Benedicte Last
Psychologist, LCP
Verified Verified
East Industrial, Fremont, CA 94539
Hello, My name is Dr. Benedicte Last (PSY 30089). I practice clinical psychology in California. As a therapist, I support you in your journey toward the life you envision for yourself. In that process, we may process and heal the trauma that is holding you in the past, help you add or strengthen the tools to take care of yourself in the present, and in doing so, support you in laying the foundation of your future. In therapy, I use the theoretical approach that works for you. At times that could be psychodynamics, in which you work on understanding your emotions and unconscious patterns of behaviors.
Hello, My name is Dr. Benedicte Last (PSY 30089). I practice clinical psychology in California. As a therapist, I support you in your journey toward the life you envision for yourself. In that process, we may process and heal the trauma that is holding you in the past, help you add or strengthen the tools to take care of yourself in the present, and in doing so, support you in laying the foundation of your future. In therapy, I use the theoretical approach that works for you. At times that could be psychodynamics, in which you work on understanding your emotions and unconscious patterns of behaviors.
(510) 756-4786 View (510) 756-4786
Photo of Charlotte French, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Charlotte French
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
East Industrial, Fremont, CA 94539
Hi there, I'm Charlotte! I am a licensed Marriage and Family Therapist with years of experience working with families and individuals in their time of need. Maybe you are someone whose life didn’t go as planned, and you find yourself stuck and unsure of how to approach life’s demands. Perhaps you are someone who has lost hope and clarity, or maybe you want to be your best self. If you fit into any of these, therapy may be the support you need. I believe that therapy should be a space that is just for you. I provide a safe place to process and gain tools to support you.
Hi there, I'm Charlotte! I am a licensed Marriage and Family Therapist with years of experience working with families and individuals in their time of need. Maybe you are someone whose life didn’t go as planned, and you find yourself stuck and unsure of how to approach life’s demands. Perhaps you are someone who has lost hope and clarity, or maybe you want to be your best self. If you fit into any of these, therapy may be the support you need. I believe that therapy should be a space that is just for you. I provide a safe place to process and gain tools to support you.
(510) 240-5774 View (510) 240-5774
Photo of Brianna Cassel, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Brianna Cassel
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
East Industrial, Fremont, CA 94539
Hi, I'm Brianna! I am a marriage and family therapist licensed in California and Colorado. I have spent most of my career working with the adolescent population and their families. Making a positive impact on their lives and futures has been incredibly rewarding. My professional journey has also included counseling adults through divorce, hardship, and life's obstacles. The types of clients I have worked with really vary from adjustment or relational issues to more intensive and pervasive psychological disorders.
Hi, I'm Brianna! I am a marriage and family therapist licensed in California and Colorado. I have spent most of my career working with the adolescent population and their families. Making a positive impact on their lives and futures has been incredibly rewarding. My professional journey has also included counseling adults through divorce, hardship, and life's obstacles. The types of clients I have worked with really vary from adjustment or relational issues to more intensive and pervasive psychological disorders.
(510) 824-8300 View (510) 824-8300
Photo of Victor Hernandez, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Victor Hernandez
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
East Industrial, Fremont, CA 94538
Hello, my name is Victor Hernandez JR LMFT and I have been working for many years with people to help them deal with life challenges. I work in collaboration with my clients, as you will hear me say, "you are the expert of your life." I primarily have focused on working with people who struggle with depression, anxiety and trauma. I tend to work a lot with people that struggle with depression, anxiety and trauma. I focus on how these conditions impact relationships in your family, work and social circles.
Hello, my name is Victor Hernandez JR LMFT and I have been working for many years with people to help them deal with life challenges. I work in collaboration with my clients, as you will hear me say, "you are the expert of your life." I primarily have focused on working with people who struggle with depression, anxiety and trauma. I tend to work a lot with people that struggle with depression, anxiety and trauma. I focus on how these conditions impact relationships in your family, work and social circles.
(510) 330-0598 View (510) 330-0598
Photo of Luiza Pinaud, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Luiza Pinaud
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
East Industrial, Fremont, CA 94539
I provide client-centered, strength-based, and evidence-based treatment to people from all backgrounds. I have experience in treating anxiety, depression, stress, and addiction disorders. I like to integrate different approaches into my practice, such as CBT, DBT, attachment theory and mindfulness practices. I work with individuals and couples and speak Portuguese and Spanish. I am most comfortable treating patients with mild to moderate symptoms struggling with depression, anxiety, stress or substance use disorders.
I provide client-centered, strength-based, and evidence-based treatment to people from all backgrounds. I have experience in treating anxiety, depression, stress, and addiction disorders. I like to integrate different approaches into my practice, such as CBT, DBT, attachment theory and mindfulness practices. I work with individuals and couples and speak Portuguese and Spanish. I am most comfortable treating patients with mild to moderate symptoms struggling with depression, anxiety, stress or substance use disorders.
(510) 380-7422 View (510) 380-7422
Photo of Sylvia H Cole, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Sylvia H Cole
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
East Industrial, Fremont, CA 94538  (Online Only)
I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist in California (fluent in Spanish). I take a client-centered and strength based approach in helping individuals gain insight, coping skills, and strategies to improve their quality of life one session at a time. My priority from the beginning is to create a safe and nonjudgmental space for you to begin to explore what brings you to therapy. I have over 20 years of experience working with diverse populations struggling with depression, grief, anxiety, OCD, trauma, and relationship problems.
I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist in California (fluent in Spanish). I take a client-centered and strength based approach in helping individuals gain insight, coping skills, and strategies to improve their quality of life one session at a time. My priority from the beginning is to create a safe and nonjudgmental space for you to begin to explore what brings you to therapy. I have over 20 years of experience working with diverse populations struggling with depression, grief, anxiety, OCD, trauma, and relationship problems.
(510) 529-3762 View (510) 529-3762
Photo of Nadet Thach, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Nadet Thach
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
East Industrial, Fremont, CA 94539
I am a client-centered and faith-based clinician offering my dedication, compassion, and generous helping nature at your convenience.
I am a client-centered and faith-based clinician offering my dedication, compassion, and generous helping nature at your convenience.
(510) 901-3426 View (510) 901-3426

See more therapy options for East Industrial, Fremont

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in East Industrial, Fremont, CA

40+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in East Industrial, Fremont, CA who prioritize treating:

91% Anxiety
89% Depression
70% Relationship Issues
67% Coping Skills
65% Self Esteem
61% Stress
54% Life Transitions

Average years in practice

19 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

100% Aetna
100% Optum
98% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in East Industrial, Fremont, CA see their clients

90% In Person and Online
10% Online Only

Gender breakdown

91% Female
9% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in East Industrial, Fremont?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.