Therapists in Fountain Valley, CA

Photo of undefined - Orange Coast Psychological Associates, P.C., PsyD
Orange Coast Psychological Associates, P.C.
PsyD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Fountain Valley, CA 92708
Founded in 2008, Orange Coast Psychological Associates consists of a highly trained multidisciplinary group of independently practicing Clinical Psychologists; each of who bring a unique level of skill, expertise and clinical experience. We provide a range of psychological services and assessment to children, adolescents and adults.
Founded in 2008, Orange Coast Psychological Associates consists of a highly trained multidisciplinary group of independently practicing Clinical Psychologists; each of who bring a unique level of skill, expertise and clinical experience. We provide a range of psychological services and assessment to children, adolescents and adults.
(714) 643-8386 View (714) 643-8386
Photo of Rachel Smith, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Rachel Smith
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Fountain Valley, CA 92708
Hello! My name is Rachel Smith, Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist. My approach to therapy is very client focused. I want you to feel comfortable sharing anything and everything with me, but I also recognize that trust is built. I want you to feel truly heard while working to incorporate practical solutions and techniques into your daily life.
Hello! My name is Rachel Smith, Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist. My approach to therapy is very client focused. I want you to feel comfortable sharing anything and everything with me, but I also recognize that trust is built. I want you to feel truly heard while working to incorporate practical solutions and techniques into your daily life.
(714) 844-7261 View (714) 844-7261
Photo of Tim Flaharty, LPCC
Tim Flaharty
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, LPCC
Verified Verified
Fountain Valley, CA 92708
Tim Flaharty is an existential counselor who focuses on finding meaning in life's struggles. He tends to be drawn toward clients who have a desire to develop a deeper sense of understanding about themselves and their relationships with others. Through this understanding, he hopes to help his clients create a plan for a fulfilled life. Initially, Tim and you will explore patterns of thinking and behavior, and identify the client's motivations behind behaviors that do not support them in a healthy way and then will develop a reasonable plan for addressing the thoughts and behaviors, in a collaborative manner.
Tim Flaharty is an existential counselor who focuses on finding meaning in life's struggles. He tends to be drawn toward clients who have a desire to develop a deeper sense of understanding about themselves and their relationships with others. Through this understanding, he hopes to help his clients create a plan for a fulfilled life. Initially, Tim and you will explore patterns of thinking and behavior, and identify the client's motivations behind behaviors that do not support them in a healthy way and then will develop a reasonable plan for addressing the thoughts and behaviors, in a collaborative manner.
(714) 640-6571 View (714) 640-6571
Photo of Valerie Grijalva, MS, AMFT, APCC, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate
Valerie Grijalva
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MS, AMFT, APCC
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Fountain Valley, CA 92708
When life becomes harder than we anticipate, finding support shouldn't feel like a dating task. That's why I'm here to join you in finding direction and hope. I help students/young adults wrestling with the anxiety that comes with life transitions. I support working professionals in managing stress and burnout. I provide a space for women to explore their worries and develop healthier relationships. As a multi-ethnic woman, I understand the tension of balancing one's identity and needs with their roles and responsibilities. I also value incorporating one's faith into exploring inner-conflicts and find self-compassion.
When life becomes harder than we anticipate, finding support shouldn't feel like a dating task. That's why I'm here to join you in finding direction and hope. I help students/young adults wrestling with the anxiety that comes with life transitions. I support working professionals in managing stress and burnout. I provide a space for women to explore their worries and develop healthier relationships. As a multi-ethnic woman, I understand the tension of balancing one's identity and needs with their roles and responsibilities. I also value incorporating one's faith into exploring inner-conflicts and find self-compassion.
(714) 683-0263 View (714) 683-0263
Photo of Karen Allen, PhD, RN, Psychologist
Karen Allen
Psychologist, PhD, RN
Verified Verified
Fountain Valley, CA 92708
Physical illness affects your emotional and mental health. As a Psychologist and an RN, I can help manage the stress of cancer, cardiac and autoimmune diseases, diabetes. Whether you have just received a new diagnosis or are weary of struggling with an ongoing illness, I give you tools to ease the process and make you feel more capable of taking charge of your life. We can work on the loss and grief over what feels like a body that has betrayed you.
Physical illness affects your emotional and mental health. As a Psychologist and an RN, I can help manage the stress of cancer, cardiac and autoimmune diseases, diabetes. Whether you have just received a new diagnosis or are weary of struggling with an ongoing illness, I give you tools to ease the process and make you feel more capable of taking charge of your life. We can work on the loss and grief over what feels like a body that has betrayed you.
(714) 235-2715 View (714) 235-2715
Photo of undefined - Arol Behavioral Health Services LLC, MSW, MAT, BCBA
Arol Behavioral Health Services LLC
MSW, MAT, BCBA
Verified Verified
Fountain Valley, CA 92708  (Online Only)
Hello. While working together, I strive to accomplish significant milestones for your child and family. Some examples of skills learned for a child and their family include fostering independent dressing, facilitating the transition from non-verbal to functional communication with AACD, and addressing self-injurious behaviors like head-banging. We guide children to express distress through alternative means, such as hitting their thighs or stomping their feet. Applying evidence-based ABA techniques has a profound impact, enhancing family communication, refining dressing routines, and offering an alternative behavior to self-injury.
Hello. While working together, I strive to accomplish significant milestones for your child and family. Some examples of skills learned for a child and their family include fostering independent dressing, facilitating the transition from non-verbal to functional communication with AACD, and addressing self-injurious behaviors like head-banging. We guide children to express distress through alternative means, such as hitting their thighs or stomping their feet. Applying evidence-based ABA techniques has a profound impact, enhancing family communication, refining dressing routines, and offering an alternative behavior to self-injury.
(714) 844-1861 View (714) 844-1861
Photo of Ariel Escobedo, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Ariel Escobedo
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Fountain Valley, CA 92708
I'm Ariel, a licensed clinical social worker with over 20 years of counseling experience. I have helped people struggling with depression, anxiety, mania, obsessions, low self-esteem, trauma, abuse, loss, grief, conflict, work-life balance, injustice, violence, inattention, hyperactivity, substance use, parent-child disputes, LGBTQIA issues, and more. I take an eclectic approach incorporating client-centered, family systems, dynamic, behavioral, mindfulness, and cognitive modalities. I entered this profession to help guide people through the complex systems in this world and am willing to work with any human who wants to heal.
I'm Ariel, a licensed clinical social worker with over 20 years of counseling experience. I have helped people struggling with depression, anxiety, mania, obsessions, low self-esteem, trauma, abuse, loss, grief, conflict, work-life balance, injustice, violence, inattention, hyperactivity, substance use, parent-child disputes, LGBTQIA issues, and more. I take an eclectic approach incorporating client-centered, family systems, dynamic, behavioral, mindfulness, and cognitive modalities. I entered this profession to help guide people through the complex systems in this world and am willing to work with any human who wants to heal.
(714) 681-1561 View (714) 681-1561
Photo of undefined - Lotus Circle Counseling Services, MA, MBA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Lotus Circle Counseling Services
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, MBA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Fountain Valley, CA 92708
Not accepting new clients
Life is difficult. We all make our own path through life; using our wits, smarts, failed attempts, guidance and triumphs. There are no SOPs, no formula to follow, and definitely no easy answers. The right choice for one may be the wrong decision for another. Managing our emotional life is even more complex and if not tougher. Whether it's relationships with family, friends, co-workers; or facing anxiety, depression, addiction, grief & loss, self-doubt etc, here at Lotus Circle Counseling Services, we would like to invite you to a space where you could feel safe to talk things out.
Life is difficult. We all make our own path through life; using our wits, smarts, failed attempts, guidance and triumphs. There are no SOPs, no formula to follow, and definitely no easy answers. The right choice for one may be the wrong decision for another. Managing our emotional life is even more complex and if not tougher. Whether it's relationships with family, friends, co-workers; or facing anxiety, depression, addiction, grief & loss, self-doubt etc, here at Lotus Circle Counseling Services, we would like to invite you to a space where you could feel safe to talk things out.
(714) 203-6605 View (714) 203-6605
Photo of Sunah Kim, PsyD, Psychologist
Sunah Kim
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Fountain Valley, CA 92708  (Online Only)
My view of the human condition stems from a Zen concept of "suffering" and "transience of life." I believe that suffering is an inescapable human condition and yet a basis for growth. We all go through the phrases where we feel lost, helpless, or defeated by life challenges erroneously believing suffering will never end. In these moments, therapy can help. As a therapist, I regard my role as a guide in your life journey just like the Sherpas for climbers in the Himalayas. The goal of therapy is to get mobilized, explore the meaning and purpose of your life, and eventually get back on track to pursue what you truly value in life.
My view of the human condition stems from a Zen concept of "suffering" and "transience of life." I believe that suffering is an inescapable human condition and yet a basis for growth. We all go through the phrases where we feel lost, helpless, or defeated by life challenges erroneously believing suffering will never end. In these moments, therapy can help. As a therapist, I regard my role as a guide in your life journey just like the Sherpas for climbers in the Himalayas. The goal of therapy is to get mobilized, explore the meaning and purpose of your life, and eventually get back on track to pursue what you truly value in life.
(310) 928-9196 View (310) 928-9196
Photo of Adriana Gutierrez, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Adriana Gutierrez
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Fountain Valley, CA 92708
Hi! I am Adriana Gutierrez, Licensed Marriage and family therapist who is passionate about bringing therapy services through an integrative and holistic approach. I want to join you in supporting the work towards finding balance from day-to-day stressors to addressing life-altering events that challenge our sense of self. In my years of experience, I have trained and treated from parent-infant dynamics to children, teenagers, adults, couples, and families. I have extensive training and experience in trauma, anxiety, and depression.
Hi! I am Adriana Gutierrez, Licensed Marriage and family therapist who is passionate about bringing therapy services through an integrative and holistic approach. I want to join you in supporting the work towards finding balance from day-to-day stressors to addressing life-altering events that challenge our sense of self. In my years of experience, I have trained and treated from parent-infant dynamics to children, teenagers, adults, couples, and families. I have extensive training and experience in trauma, anxiety, and depression.
(714) 497-2160 View (714) 497-2160
Photo of Ashley Pearson, MA, MFTI, Marriage & Family Therapist
Ashley Pearson
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, MFTI
Verified Verified
Fountain Valley, CA 92708  (Online Only)
I have a great deal of experience working with children and adolescents who have anger, anxiety, bullying, and low self-esteem issues. I also work with couples who are experiencing relationship and marital issues, children having difficulty in making adjustments as a result of divorce, and individuals in abusive relationships or having been victims of abuse. I have experience and enjoy working with parents of children who have been diagnosed with autism, teaching constructive and effective support techniques through the use of Applied Behavioral Analysis.
I have a great deal of experience working with children and adolescents who have anger, anxiety, bullying, and low self-esteem issues. I also work with couples who are experiencing relationship and marital issues, children having difficulty in making adjustments as a result of divorce, and individuals in abusive relationships or having been victims of abuse. I have experience and enjoy working with parents of children who have been diagnosed with autism, teaching constructive and effective support techniques through the use of Applied Behavioral Analysis.
(657) 385-8345 View (657) 385-8345
Photo of Phanat Rith, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Phanat Rith
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Fountain Valley, CA 92708
Every client is uniquely different, experiencing or having experienced situations and circumstances that can hinder their daily functioning. But clients have shown resiliency, perseverance, and wisdom when they have a safe therapeutic setting to explore their strengths and core beliefs.
Every client is uniquely different, experiencing or having experienced situations and circumstances that can hinder their daily functioning. But clients have shown resiliency, perseverance, and wisdom when they have a safe therapeutic setting to explore their strengths and core beliefs.
(714) 455-1444 View (714) 455-1444
Photo of Joshua Kim, AMFT
Joshua Kim
Associate Marriage & Family Therapist, AMFT
Verified Verified
Fountain Valley, CA 92708
I work with the issues of depression, anxiety, family conflict, family dynamics, and Christian counseling. I work with clients on the root causes of problems towards internal transformation rather than simply eliminating or reducing their current symptoms.
I work with the issues of depression, anxiety, family conflict, family dynamics, and Christian counseling. I work with clients on the root causes of problems towards internal transformation rather than simply eliminating or reducing their current symptoms.
(657) 387-0187 View (657) 387-0187
Photo of Amy Bender, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Amy Bender
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Fountain Valley, CA 92708
My name is Amy Bender, a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist. I'm here to help you find hope and guide you into a place of peace. I help those struggling with anxiety/stress, relationship issues, and/or their spirituality. A lot of times, relational problems or feeling lost within our spirituality can cause a lot of anxiety and uncertainty. I take the time to listen and understand you in order to get to the root of the problem. I give you tools so that you can start to feel better within the first few sessions. I will help you build your ability to cope with difficult emotions or situations, decreasing overall anxiety.
My name is Amy Bender, a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist. I'm here to help you find hope and guide you into a place of peace. I help those struggling with anxiety/stress, relationship issues, and/or their spirituality. A lot of times, relational problems or feeling lost within our spirituality can cause a lot of anxiety and uncertainty. I take the time to listen and understand you in order to get to the root of the problem. I give you tools so that you can start to feel better within the first few sessions. I will help you build your ability to cope with difficult emotions or situations, decreasing overall anxiety.
(714) 942-1837 View (714) 942-1837
Photo of Paula Inge Linchim, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Paula Inge Linchim
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Fountain Valley, CA 92708
My name is Paula Inge-Linchim, Licensed Marriage Family Therapist. I have been in private practice since 1992. I received my Bachelor of Arts in psychology from the University of Arizona and National University in 1990, and my Master of Arts in clinical psychology from National University in 1992. I went directly into private practice, working side by side with my father, who was a psychologist and my mentor until his death in 2006. Cope Center was started by my father in 1976. The current business name is Changing Directions Psychotherapy, LLC and is solely run by Paula Inge-Linchim, LMFT.
My name is Paula Inge-Linchim, Licensed Marriage Family Therapist. I have been in private practice since 1992. I received my Bachelor of Arts in psychology from the University of Arizona and National University in 1990, and my Master of Arts in clinical psychology from National University in 1992. I went directly into private practice, working side by side with my father, who was a psychologist and my mentor until his death in 2006. Cope Center was started by my father in 1976. The current business name is Changing Directions Psychotherapy, LLC and is solely run by Paula Inge-Linchim, LMFT.
(714) 676-8116 View (714) 676-8116
Photo of Meagan Nicholson, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Meagan Nicholson
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Fountain Valley, CA 92708  (Online Only)
I am committed to creating a nurturing and supportive environment where healing can unfold. I am here to guide you every step of the way as you embark on your journey towards self-empowerment. Through my compassionate approach, I strive to be a steadfast companion on your path to healing. Together, we will delve into the depths of your emotions, experiences, and challenges, providing guidance and support. ​My goal is to help you come home to yourself. Through my therapeutic techies and personalized approach, I will guide you to reconnect with your inner self, fostering self-acceptance, self-love, and empowerment.
I am committed to creating a nurturing and supportive environment where healing can unfold. I am here to guide you every step of the way as you embark on your journey towards self-empowerment. Through my compassionate approach, I strive to be a steadfast companion on your path to healing. Together, we will delve into the depths of your emotions, experiences, and challenges, providing guidance and support. ​My goal is to help you come home to yourself. Through my therapeutic techies and personalized approach, I will guide you to reconnect with your inner self, fostering self-acceptance, self-love, and empowerment.
(657) 255-8147 View (657) 255-8147
Photo of Valerie Uy, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Valerie Uy
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Fountain Valley, CA 92708
The process of change and healing is challenging. Healing is hardly a singular upwards track and in fact, there are multiple ups and downs. Healing is an adventure that takes us outside of our comfort zone and our ‘norm’ to find self love and show up as our authentic selves in all areas of our lives. We step outside of the standards and experiences we thought were protecting us and in actuality, they were our survival mechanisms that are no longer functional for us through our healing process. We may feel defeated or isolated when we feel stuck. My experience has shown me that people are resilient and able to heal and grow.
The process of change and healing is challenging. Healing is hardly a singular upwards track and in fact, there are multiple ups and downs. Healing is an adventure that takes us outside of our comfort zone and our ‘norm’ to find self love and show up as our authentic selves in all areas of our lives. We step outside of the standards and experiences we thought were protecting us and in actuality, they were our survival mechanisms that are no longer functional for us through our healing process. We may feel defeated or isolated when we feel stuck. My experience has shown me that people are resilient and able to heal and grow.
(657) 301-4360 View (657) 301-4360
Photo of Trina Bautista, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Trina Bautista
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Fountain Valley, CA 92708
It's easy to feel like you must struggle alone and in silence. Whether you are not feeling like your normal self or are going through a big change, you don't need to do it alone. You might be experiencing different thoughts and emotions you don't understand or be having difficulty in relationships. Maybe you're looking for guidance and support or searching for personal growth. I am here to listen. You deserve to feel heard and understood. I strive to create an atmosphere of safety and belonging, so you can feel comfortable to share about difficult thoughts, feelings, and experiences in a judgement free zone.
It's easy to feel like you must struggle alone and in silence. Whether you are not feeling like your normal self or are going through a big change, you don't need to do it alone. You might be experiencing different thoughts and emotions you don't understand or be having difficulty in relationships. Maybe you're looking for guidance and support or searching for personal growth. I am here to listen. You deserve to feel heard and understood. I strive to create an atmosphere of safety and belonging, so you can feel comfortable to share about difficult thoughts, feelings, and experiences in a judgement free zone.
(714) 519-2377 View (714) 519-2377
Photo of Mark Gery, MFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Mark Gery
Marriage & Family Therapist, MFT
Verified Verified
Fountain Valley, CA 92708
I have been helping men and women deal with their depression and anxiety for over 20 years, and am also experienced with crisis intervention and stress management, as well as those working on relationship issues. Those suffering from grief issues and symptoms of PTSD also find my therapy helpful,
I have been helping men and women deal with their depression and anxiety for over 20 years, and am also experienced with crisis intervention and stress management, as well as those working on relationship issues. Those suffering from grief issues and symptoms of PTSD also find my therapy helpful,
(657) 301-4217 View (657) 301-4217
Photo of Janelle Shepard, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Janelle Shepard
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
6 Endorsed
Fountain Valley, CA 92708
Hi! I am a self-esteem, ADHD and body image specialist. I am a Licensed Marriage & Family Therapist and work with teen and adult individuals, age 17 and above. My passion is in helping individuals struggling with negative body image, executive function issues and/or depression, work on building up their self-esteem, learn about their brain, decrease perfectionism and anxiety, and develop healthy relationships. I help my clients to develop a deeper sense of self-worth, examine old behavior patterns and create new patterns, learn boundary setting, and create a better balanced and more fulfilling life.
Hi! I am a self-esteem, ADHD and body image specialist. I am a Licensed Marriage & Family Therapist and work with teen and adult individuals, age 17 and above. My passion is in helping individuals struggling with negative body image, executive function issues and/or depression, work on building up their self-esteem, learn about their brain, decrease perfectionism and anxiety, and develop healthy relationships. I help my clients to develop a deeper sense of self-worth, examine old behavior patterns and create new patterns, learn boundary setting, and create a better balanced and more fulfilling life.
(562) 740-8460 View (562) 740-8460

See more therapy options for Fountain Valley

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Fountain Valley, CA

90+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in Fountain Valley, CA who prioritize treating:

95% Anxiety
93% Depression
80% Relationship Issues
77% Self Esteem
76% Coping Skills
68% Trauma and PTSD
64% Grief

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

78% Aetna
78% Cigna and Evernorth
61% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in Fountain Valley, CA see their clients

85% In Person and Online
15% Online Only

Gender breakdown

72% Female
28% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Fountain Valley?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.