Therapists in Folsom, CA

Photo of Debi J Hoffman, PsyD, Psychologist
Debi J Hoffman
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Folsom, CA 95630
Whether your concern is harsh self criticism, anxiety, depression, relationship issues, or stress, you have chosen to seek change. I would like to join you on that journey, taking a warm, non-judgmental look at the beliefs and patterns that may be getting in the way of living the life you deserve. I believe that when we feel truly heard and understood, when we know that someone finally "gets it", we can begin to relax, let our guard down just a little, and change can begin. My counseling style is very individualized, with sensitivity to your unique feelings and needs.
Whether your concern is harsh self criticism, anxiety, depression, relationship issues, or stress, you have chosen to seek change. I would like to join you on that journey, taking a warm, non-judgmental look at the beliefs and patterns that may be getting in the way of living the life you deserve. I believe that when we feel truly heard and understood, when we know that someone finally "gets it", we can begin to relax, let our guard down just a little, and change can begin. My counseling style is very individualized, with sensitivity to your unique feelings and needs.
(916) 770-5579 View (916) 770-5579
Photo of Stephanie Hewitt, EdS, NCSP, LEP, Psychologist
Stephanie Hewitt
Psychologist, EdS, NCSP, LEP
Verified Verified
Folsom, CA 95630
My name is Stephanie Hewitt, and I am a licensed educational psychologist and founder of Learning Pathways. I specialize in helping students find a pathway to success by discovering how their unique brain works and how their families and school can support them and set them up for success.
My name is Stephanie Hewitt, and I am a licensed educational psychologist and founder of Learning Pathways. I specialize in helping students find a pathway to success by discovering how their unique brain works and how their families and school can support them and set them up for success.
(279) 529-0529 View (279) 529-0529
Photo of Jenna Ghazanfari, MS, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Jenna Ghazanfari
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Folsom, CA 95630
Do you find yourself taking care of everyone else's needs rather than your own? Do you often feel self-conscious, judge yourself harshly, and worry about making mistakes? Are you struggling with anxiety or insomnia? Many of us had experiences in childhood that made us feel that we weren’t good enough or that we had to be perfect in order to be loved. These beliefs are so ingrained in us that we often aren’t even aware that they exist, but they affect how we see ourselves, how we see the world, and how we relate to others. The good news is that these beliefs CAN be changed.
Do you find yourself taking care of everyone else's needs rather than your own? Do you often feel self-conscious, judge yourself harshly, and worry about making mistakes? Are you struggling with anxiety or insomnia? Many of us had experiences in childhood that made us feel that we weren’t good enough or that we had to be perfect in order to be loved. These beliefs are so ingrained in us that we often aren’t even aware that they exist, but they affect how we see ourselves, how we see the world, and how we relate to others. The good news is that these beliefs CAN be changed.
(916) 571-0594 View (916) 571-0594
Photo of Heather Peterson - Rooted Counseling, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Rooted Counseling
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Folsom, CA 95630
Looking for a therapist who can support the whole family? Someone who can connect with your child but also help with parenting or marriage support as well? You're in the right spot. When life is feeling overwhelming, the joy in life has diminished, or worries about your child, teen or family have caused you to feel paralyzed about how to move forward, it's time to seek support. We understand the need for a place that's just yours as well as the importance of supporting the whole family! We specialize in children, teens, adults and families. We also work with couples who could use extra support. There's hope!
Looking for a therapist who can support the whole family? Someone who can connect with your child but also help with parenting or marriage support as well? You're in the right spot. When life is feeling overwhelming, the joy in life has diminished, or worries about your child, teen or family have caused you to feel paralyzed about how to move forward, it's time to seek support. We understand the need for a place that's just yours as well as the importance of supporting the whole family! We specialize in children, teens, adults and families. We also work with couples who could use extra support. There's hope!
(279) 800-4545 View (279) 800-4545
Photo of James Meyer - Lions Heart Counseling, MSW, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Lions Heart Counseling
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Folsom, CA 95630
If you are feeling down, coping with an overwhelming life change, or seeking more out of life and relationships, we can help. Accepting you right where you are with compassion and mindful presence are the cornerstone of our practice. Creating space for you to be, just as you are, problems, guilt, shame, disappointment and all, can be very healing. Once you feel heard and accepted, you can start opening to the guidance of your emotions, identifying blocks to joy, healing and recovery. This creates the space for goal setting and planning.
If you are feeling down, coping with an overwhelming life change, or seeking more out of life and relationships, we can help. Accepting you right where you are with compassion and mindful presence are the cornerstone of our practice. Creating space for you to be, just as you are, problems, guilt, shame, disappointment and all, can be very healing. Once you feel heard and accepted, you can start opening to the guidance of your emotions, identifying blocks to joy, healing and recovery. This creates the space for goal setting and planning.
(916) 571-1365 View (916) 571-1365
Photo of Michele Dickey, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Michele Dickey
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Folsom, CA 95630
Have you tried to solve the problems in your life on your own and not gotten very far? Are you tired of not being able to grow and change? Do you just feel stuck? Life’s experiences can be challenging, taking us on an unexpected path. Whether you’re struggling with adjusting to a life transition, parenting issues, anger, anxiety, depression, trauma, or just not performing like you want, it’s important that you know you don’t have to be alone in this journey. Together, we will navigate different ways of looking at and working through your struggles, while using proven science-based strategies.
Have you tried to solve the problems in your life on your own and not gotten very far? Are you tired of not being able to grow and change? Do you just feel stuck? Life’s experiences can be challenging, taking us on an unexpected path. Whether you’re struggling with adjusting to a life transition, parenting issues, anger, anxiety, depression, trauma, or just not performing like you want, it’s important that you know you don’t have to be alone in this journey. Together, we will navigate different ways of looking at and working through your struggles, while using proven science-based strategies.
(916) 439-8351 View (916) 439-8351
Photo of Jessica Rowe - Dr. Jess' Mind Care Center, MS, PsyD, Psychologist
Dr. Jess' Mind Care Center
Psychologist, MS, PsyD
Verified Verified
Folsom, CA 95630
Dr. Jessica Rowe, Psy.D. is the founder of Dr. Jess' Mind Care Center in Northern California. Dr. Rowe is a doctor of psychology & she is a mental health expert and enthusiast who focuses on providing the most thorough evidence-based treatment practices & psychlegal assessments. She is a legal psychologist, consultant, & expert witness, and she works with defense & plaintiff attorneys & clients nationwide. She works in employment, personal injury, military, abuse, veteran, forensic, and civilian contractor cases. She also conducts peer reviews & participates in trials & depositions regularly.
Dr. Jessica Rowe, Psy.D. is the founder of Dr. Jess' Mind Care Center in Northern California. Dr. Rowe is a doctor of psychology & she is a mental health expert and enthusiast who focuses on providing the most thorough evidence-based treatment practices & psychlegal assessments. She is a legal psychologist, consultant, & expert witness, and she works with defense & plaintiff attorneys & clients nationwide. She works in employment, personal injury, military, abuse, veteran, forensic, and civilian contractor cases. She also conducts peer reviews & participates in trials & depositions regularly.
(916) 496-3850 View (916) 496-3850
Photo of Susan Deakyne, MSW, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Susan Deakyne
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
Folsom, CA 95630
In my 39 years in private practice I have been witness to the profound changes that can occur in my work with committed individuals, couples and families. I believe therapy is an effective method to stop the downward progression of impaired life patterns and set folks on the path to improved communication and problem solving, enhanced life strategies and new found emotional strength. I focus treatment to your specific issues using methods and techniques that capitalize on your strengths and compliment your unique personality. I welcome your call as the beginning of your own transformation.
In my 39 years in private practice I have been witness to the profound changes that can occur in my work with committed individuals, couples and families. I believe therapy is an effective method to stop the downward progression of impaired life patterns and set folks on the path to improved communication and problem solving, enhanced life strategies and new found emotional strength. I focus treatment to your specific issues using methods and techniques that capitalize on your strengths and compliment your unique personality. I welcome your call as the beginning of your own transformation.
(916) 542-4699 View (916) 542-4699
Photo of Lana Garvin, MS, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Lana Garvin
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Folsom, CA 95630
Welcome! If you are searching for a counselor then you may be struggling with difficulties in your life that seem overwhelming or impossible to overcome. In the face of troubling life circumstances, we all do our best to cope, but sometimes we need help and guidance to know the next step to take. I can help you discover and use your internal strengths to overcome personal challenges. I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist #93813 and I believe there is hope, and there can be healing!
Welcome! If you are searching for a counselor then you may be struggling with difficulties in your life that seem overwhelming or impossible to overcome. In the face of troubling life circumstances, we all do our best to cope, but sometimes we need help and guidance to know the next step to take. I can help you discover and use your internal strengths to overcome personal challenges. I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist #93813 and I believe there is hope, and there can be healing!
(916) 235-6461 View (916) 235-6461
Photo of Tara Layman, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Tara Layman
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Folsom, CA 95630  (Online Only)
Have you or your teen felt overwhelmed with all of the obligations that life throws at you? All of life's scenarios can leave you feeling stressed, anxious and overwhelmed— and sometimes you can’t shake off these feelings no matter how hard you try. With a little extra help, you can learn to quiet your negative thoughts, overcome these emotions, and begin to feel happy again.
Have you or your teen felt overwhelmed with all of the obligations that life throws at you? All of life's scenarios can leave you feeling stressed, anxious and overwhelmed— and sometimes you can’t shake off these feelings no matter how hard you try. With a little extra help, you can learn to quiet your negative thoughts, overcome these emotions, and begin to feel happy again.
(916) 345-2261 View (916) 345-2261
Photo of Shevan Breaux, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Shevan Breaux
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Folsom, CA 95630
My Name is Shevan Breaux, I am a Licensed Marriage & Family Therapist (LMFT) based in Riverside, California. Through the telehealth process, I am working with clients statewide. I work with adolescents and adults specializing in anxiety, depression, and stress management using a variety of methods including Person-Centered Therapy, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, and Dialectical Behavioral Therapy.
My Name is Shevan Breaux, I am a Licensed Marriage & Family Therapist (LMFT) based in Riverside, California. Through the telehealth process, I am working with clients statewide. I work with adolescents and adults specializing in anxiety, depression, and stress management using a variety of methods including Person-Centered Therapy, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, and Dialectical Behavioral Therapy.
(916) 623-7188 View (916) 623-7188
Photo of Maika Shaku Lcsw, MSW, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Maika Shaku Lcsw
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Folsom, CA 95630  (Online Only)
Are you a high achiever? A perfectionist? A people pleaser? Are you unsatisfied and anxious, but you don't know what to do? Maybe you’re constantly stressing about problems that never even arise. Maybe you are struggling with moving forward because of the disturbing experience you've had in the past. Maybe negative and traumatic experiences caused emotional pain, changed who you really are, and damaged your relationships. It's not too late to seek help because healing is possible. I will work with you so you can achieve your goal, and I can assist you in feeling like yourself again. I'm very patient. Trust me, I will be with you.
Are you a high achiever? A perfectionist? A people pleaser? Are you unsatisfied and anxious, but you don't know what to do? Maybe you’re constantly stressing about problems that never even arise. Maybe you are struggling with moving forward because of the disturbing experience you've had in the past. Maybe negative and traumatic experiences caused emotional pain, changed who you really are, and damaged your relationships. It's not too late to seek help because healing is possible. I will work with you so you can achieve your goal, and I can assist you in feeling like yourself again. I'm very patient. Trust me, I will be with you.
(916) 827-4528 View (916) 827-4528
Photo of Kami Kazel, AMFT, APCC, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate
Kami Kazel
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, AMFT, APCC
Verified Verified
Folsom, CA 95630
Reaching out for support takes courage, especially when facing challenges that seem overwhelming. I provide a safe and expertly guided space where we can explore and navigate the issues that trouble you or your family. My heart lies in offering holistic therapy, with a focus on children, adolescents, adults, couples and families. In addition to my background in traditional therapy, I have a keen interest and specialization in sports psychology. I offer parenting support and guidance in addition to trauma therapy, support for athletes and a specialization in anxiety coping skills. I'm here to help.
Reaching out for support takes courage, especially when facing challenges that seem overwhelming. I provide a safe and expertly guided space where we can explore and navigate the issues that trouble you or your family. My heart lies in offering holistic therapy, with a focus on children, adolescents, adults, couples and families. In addition to my background in traditional therapy, I have a keen interest and specialization in sports psychology. I offer parenting support and guidance in addition to trauma therapy, support for athletes and a specialization in anxiety coping skills. I'm here to help.
(279) 400-1795 View (279) 400-1795
Photo of Aisha Stribling, APCC, LPC Intern
Aisha Stribling
LPC Intern, APCC
Verified Verified
Folsom, CA 95630
I have worked in a variety of roles, in mental health for the past 20 years. I have extensive experience with people who have been impacted by addiction, homelessness, poverty, abandonment, neglect, incarceration and other traumas. In addition I am experienced with depression, anxiety and bi-polar disorder. I believe it is important to look at how culture contributes in both our struggles and strengths.
I have worked in a variety of roles, in mental health for the past 20 years. I have extensive experience with people who have been impacted by addiction, homelessness, poverty, abandonment, neglect, incarceration and other traumas. In addition I am experienced with depression, anxiety and bi-polar disorder. I believe it is important to look at how culture contributes in both our struggles and strengths.
(916) 656-0861 View (916) 656-0861
Photo of Pali Gill, PhD, LMFT, NCC, PPS-SC, Marriage & Family Therapist
Pali Gill
Marriage & Family Therapist, PhD, LMFT, NCC, PPS-SC
Verified Verified
Folsom, CA 95630
As a therapist, I believe I can work with most situations because I am eager to learn from you, to research, and to problem solve with you for the best solutions regarding your current need for therapy. I believe I am astute at assisting missed possibilities or blinders that might be hindering you and your ability to live the life you know is possible. This can be related to uprooting past traumas, coping with current stressors, or the uncertainty of developing your life purpose. I listen carefully to assist with ruptured relationships, strained life circumstances, hindered growth, and the grief and loss that comes from these hurts.
As a therapist, I believe I can work with most situations because I am eager to learn from you, to research, and to problem solve with you for the best solutions regarding your current need for therapy. I believe I am astute at assisting missed possibilities or blinders that might be hindering you and your ability to live the life you know is possible. This can be related to uprooting past traumas, coping with current stressors, or the uncertainty of developing your life purpose. I listen carefully to assist with ruptured relationships, strained life circumstances, hindered growth, and the grief and loss that comes from these hurts.
(916) 866-9446 View (916) 866-9446
Photo of Amber Tran, PhD, Psychologist
Amber Tran
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Folsom, CA 95630
Are you interested in being the best version of yourself? Allow me to come along in your journey. Our work together will involve understanding why you engage in certain behaviors, learning coping skills, and discovering the courage you never knew you had. You will be able to gain confidence and develop more meaningful relationships. This will allow you to achieve the life you thought was possible but didn't know how to achieve.
Are you interested in being the best version of yourself? Allow me to come along in your journey. Our work together will involve understanding why you engage in certain behaviors, learning coping skills, and discovering the courage you never knew you had. You will be able to gain confidence and develop more meaningful relationships. This will allow you to achieve the life you thought was possible but didn't know how to achieve.
(916) 202-4137 View (916) 202-4137
Photo of Evelyn Vedar, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Evelyn Vedar
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Folsom, CA 95630
Evelyn Vedar, Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT126538). I have been working in the mental health field for eight years in various settings. Throughout the years, I have gained a better understanding of human behaviors from clients, advocates, colleagues, and supervisors with whom I worked with. My current clinical practice is mainly focused on helping survivors of domestic violence. I typically work with adult clients who are dealing with anxiety, anger issues, family conflicts, trauma, and depression.
Evelyn Vedar, Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT126538). I have been working in the mental health field for eight years in various settings. Throughout the years, I have gained a better understanding of human behaviors from clients, advocates, colleagues, and supervisors with whom I worked with. My current clinical practice is mainly focused on helping survivors of domestic violence. I typically work with adult clients who are dealing with anxiety, anger issues, family conflicts, trauma, and depression.
(916) 619-5140 View (916) 619-5140
Photo of Hannah L Ware, MS, PM, LMFT, CCT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Hannah L Ware
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, PM, LMFT, CCT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Folsom, CA 95630
When feeling empowered is a vague memory - when you don't recognize yourself in the mirror - I totally understand. I've been there. Whether you are feeling distressed and overwhelmed, facing anxiety and depression or wanting to resolve past traumas, I will walk that journey with you. Together we will welcome the capriciousness of life as a pivotal part of your unique story.
When feeling empowered is a vague memory - when you don't recognize yourself in the mirror - I totally understand. I've been there. Whether you are feeling distressed and overwhelmed, facing anxiety and depression or wanting to resolve past traumas, I will walk that journey with you. Together we will welcome the capriciousness of life as a pivotal part of your unique story.
(279) 201-6179 View (279) 201-6179
Photo of Rainie Tabish, PsyD, Psychologist
Rainie Tabish
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Folsom, CA 95630
I work with adults of all ages experiencing anxiety, depression, stress associated with trauma, grief/loss, relationship problems, and life transitions related to aging and older adulthood. My belief is that when people move towards approaching their painful experiences with compassion and curiosity it allows space for making meaningful changes in their lives. In our work together, you will be provided with a supportive environment that honors safety and acceptance. Collaboratively, we will explore healthy strategies for dealing with stress that are consistent with your goals and values.
I work with adults of all ages experiencing anxiety, depression, stress associated with trauma, grief/loss, relationship problems, and life transitions related to aging and older adulthood. My belief is that when people move towards approaching their painful experiences with compassion and curiosity it allows space for making meaningful changes in their lives. In our work together, you will be provided with a supportive environment that honors safety and acceptance. Collaboratively, we will explore healthy strategies for dealing with stress that are consistent with your goals and values.
(916) 297-4097 View (916) 297-4097
Photo of Andrea Hindes, PhD, Psychologist
Andrea Hindes
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Folsom, CA 95630
I am a clinical psychologist practicing in the Folsom and Sacramento area and have been licensed in California since 2007. I do short- and long-term individual therapy primarily with individuals in young- to middle-adulthood or late adolescence who are experiencing a range of concerns including anxiety, depression, and trauma as well as problems in interpersonal, family, work, and academic functioning. I do not believe in a “one-size-fits-all” approach to therapy. I draw from a range of theoretical orientations to best understand someone and the influence of their life experiences on the ways they think, feel, and behave.
I am a clinical psychologist practicing in the Folsom and Sacramento area and have been licensed in California since 2007. I do short- and long-term individual therapy primarily with individuals in young- to middle-adulthood or late adolescence who are experiencing a range of concerns including anxiety, depression, and trauma as well as problems in interpersonal, family, work, and academic functioning. I do not believe in a “one-size-fits-all” approach to therapy. I draw from a range of theoretical orientations to best understand someone and the influence of their life experiences on the ways they think, feel, and behave.
(916) 238-1824 View (916) 238-1824
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How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Folsom, CA

400+

Average cost per session

$155

Therapists in Folsom, CA who prioritize treating:

93% Anxiety
91% Depression
78% Relationship Issues
76% Self Esteem
74% Trauma and PTSD
70% Coping Skills
66% Grief

Average years in practice

13 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

58% Optum
54% Aetna
54% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in Folsom, CA see their clients

78% In Person and Online
22% Online Only

Gender breakdown

82% Female
17% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Folsom?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.