Therapists in Fairfield, CA

Photo of Eliott Goretsky, Marriage & Family Therapist in Fairfield, CA
Eliott Goretsky
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
Fairfield, CA 94533
I have been licensed as a Marriage and Family Therapist since 2008. Born and raised in the Bay Area, I spent the majority of my adult life in Southern California. I received my Masters's Degree in clinical psychology from Antioch University Los Angeles in 2005. In 2006, I relocated to the Coachella Valley and spent a decade in county mental health services while establishing a small private practice from 2008 to 2016.
I have been licensed as a Marriage and Family Therapist since 2008. Born and raised in the Bay Area, I spent the majority of my adult life in Southern California. I received my Masters's Degree in clinical psychology from Antioch University Los Angeles in 2005. In 2006, I relocated to the Coachella Valley and spent a decade in county mental health services while establishing a small private practice from 2008 to 2016.
(707) 946-7629 View (707) 946-7629
Photo of Savannah Moore, Marriage & Family Therapist Intern in Fairfield, CA
Savannah Moore
Marriage & Family Therapist Intern, BA, AS, RADT-1
Verified
1 Endorsed
Fairfield, CA 94533  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
Hi! I am currently NOT accepting any new clients. My interests include self esteem and anger for teens/ adolescents, reducing anxiety, managing grief and loss, codependency, life stage transitions, cancer patients, and trauma. I also work with couples and singles around improving communication, rebuilding trust, increasing emotional connection, and goal setting in relationships. I received my Bachelor’s degree in Psychology from CSU Chico, and I will be completing my Masters degree in January, 2024.
Hi! I am currently NOT accepting any new clients. My interests include self esteem and anger for teens/ adolescents, reducing anxiety, managing grief and loss, codependency, life stage transitions, cancer patients, and trauma. I also work with couples and singles around improving communication, rebuilding trust, increasing emotional connection, and goal setting in relationships. I received my Bachelor’s degree in Psychology from CSU Chico, and I will be completing my Masters degree in January, 2024.
(707) 621-5877 View (707) 621-5877
Photo of Maryam Nateghi, Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor in Fairfield, CA
Maryam Nateghi
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, LCPC
Verified
Fairfield, CA 94533
Greetings, I'm Maryam! I am a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor (LPCC) with over 10 years of experience in individual therapy and community mental health. Through these experiences, I have worked with many populations from various walks of life including adolescents, adults, and older adults. I have extensive training and experience treating adults and adolescents suffering from depression, anxiety, trauma, OCD, Personality Disorders, Bipolar, ADHD, eating disorders, substance abuse, suicidal ideation, and other acute problems.
Greetings, I'm Maryam! I am a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor (LPCC) with over 10 years of experience in individual therapy and community mental health. Through these experiences, I have worked with many populations from various walks of life including adolescents, adults, and older adults. I have extensive training and experience treating adults and adolescents suffering from depression, anxiety, trauma, OCD, Personality Disorders, Bipolar, ADHD, eating disorders, substance abuse, suicidal ideation, and other acute problems.
(707) 605-7926 View (707) 605-7926
Photo of Rachel Trott, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Fairfield, CA
Rachel Trott
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Fairfield, CA 94533  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
Everyone deserves the time and space to lay down their worries, their fears, their past, their pain—and especially their hopes for the future and the change they want to see in their lives. My job is to provide that time and space to my clients, listening attentively, non-judgmentally and empathetically. Once we’ve settled into that space, we can work together to identify your goals and work to achieve them. I am experienced in working with adults and teens with depression, anxiety, bipolar, PTSD and trauma, mood and thought disorders, substance use, grief, major life transitions and self-esteem. If you're ready, I'm here for you.
Everyone deserves the time and space to lay down their worries, their fears, their past, their pain—and especially their hopes for the future and the change they want to see in their lives. My job is to provide that time and space to my clients, listening attentively, non-judgmentally and empathetically. Once we’ve settled into that space, we can work together to identify your goals and work to achieve them. I am experienced in working with adults and teens with depression, anxiety, bipolar, PTSD and trauma, mood and thought disorders, substance use, grief, major life transitions and self-esteem. If you're ready, I'm here for you.
(707) 883-1246 View (707) 883-1246
Photo of Carmen Perez, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Fairfield, CA
Carmen Perez
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Fairfield, CA 94534
I'm a bilingual Licensed Clinical Social Worker. My work focuses on targeting ineffective behaviors, habits, and beliefs around mental health disorders to bring about changes. I use CBT, DBT, Trauma Informed Care Approach, and psychoeducation to improve the lives of people who are struggling with anxiety, depression, PTSD, and other trauma disorders. I provide individual therapy to culturally diverse individuals. I use an array of knowledge from different work experiences to provide compassionate services to culturally diverse individuals ages 12 and older who are struggling with anxiety, depression, PTSD and other trauma disorders.
I'm a bilingual Licensed Clinical Social Worker. My work focuses on targeting ineffective behaviors, habits, and beliefs around mental health disorders to bring about changes. I use CBT, DBT, Trauma Informed Care Approach, and psychoeducation to improve the lives of people who are struggling with anxiety, depression, PTSD, and other trauma disorders. I provide individual therapy to culturally diverse individuals. I use an array of knowledge from different work experiences to provide compassionate services to culturally diverse individuals ages 12 and older who are struggling with anxiety, depression, PTSD and other trauma disorders.
(707) 394-0818 View (707) 394-0818
Photo of Kristal Audoma, Marriage & Family Therapist in Fairfield, CA
Kristal Audoma
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
Fairfield, CA 94533
Hello, my name is Kristal Audoma, and I am a licensed Marriage and Family Therapist. My approach to therapy is direct yet empathetic with a strength-based approach. I work with individuals ranging from children to the elderly. I specialize in treating Anxiety, Depression, Couples Therapy, Family Therapy, Grief and Loss, Anger Management, Feedback Informed Care, LGBTQIA, and trauma informed. My style and approach are a good fit for teens and adults who may be dealing with challenges in their lives, both personally and professionally. These challenges may manifest as anxiety, depression, guilt, and anger.
Hello, my name is Kristal Audoma, and I am a licensed Marriage and Family Therapist. My approach to therapy is direct yet empathetic with a strength-based approach. I work with individuals ranging from children to the elderly. I specialize in treating Anxiety, Depression, Couples Therapy, Family Therapy, Grief and Loss, Anger Management, Feedback Informed Care, LGBTQIA, and trauma informed. My style and approach are a good fit for teens and adults who may be dealing with challenges in their lives, both personally and professionally. These challenges may manifest as anxiety, depression, guilt, and anger.
(707) 877-8447 View (707) 877-8447
Photo of Dina Bullock, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Fairfield, CA
Dina Bullock
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Fairfield, CA 94533
My name is Dina Bullock, and I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) based in San Diego, California, and working with clients statewide via telehealth. I work with adolescents, young adults, and adults. I specialize in working with clients dealing with anxiety, grief, depression, and stress by utilizing Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Mindfulness, and a strengths-based focus. I work well with adults, young adults, and teens who may be struggling with challenges of life transitions, social pressures, anxiety, depression, stress, and grief.
My name is Dina Bullock, and I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) based in San Diego, California, and working with clients statewide via telehealth. I work with adolescents, young adults, and adults. I specialize in working with clients dealing with anxiety, grief, depression, and stress by utilizing Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Mindfulness, and a strengths-based focus. I work well with adults, young adults, and teens who may be struggling with challenges of life transitions, social pressures, anxiety, depression, stress, and grief.
(707) 607-6451 View (707) 607-6451
Photo of Hope for Healthy Families , Marriage & Family Therapist in Fairfield, CA
Hope for Healthy Families
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
Fairfield, CA 94533
Not accepting new clients
Our non-profit counseling center offers affordable counseling to a Elk Grove and Sacramento community member. Fees are based on a sliding scale and start at $80/session. We believe that we can help you find hope while learning how to live a more emotionally healthy life. Please call to set up an appointment or a free phone consultation. Our only physical location is Elk Grove.
Our non-profit counseling center offers affordable counseling to a Elk Grove and Sacramento community member. Fees are based on a sliding scale and start at $80/session. We believe that we can help you find hope while learning how to live a more emotionally healthy life. Please call to set up an appointment or a free phone consultation. Our only physical location is Elk Grove.
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Photo of Agape Counseling Center and Network, Marriage & Family Therapist in Fairfield, CA
Agape Counseling Center and Network
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, EdD
Verified
4 Endorsed
Fairfield, CA 94533
Waitlist for new clients
I am the Executive Director of The Agape Counseling Center and Network in Fairfield. We have Licensed Clinicians, Associate Clinicians, and Student Clinicians who work at our center to meet the mental wellness needs of our clients. We pride ourselves on our diversity and sensitivity to culture and cultural issues and concerns. We each have a passion for what we do as we keep our entire community in mind.
I am the Executive Director of The Agape Counseling Center and Network in Fairfield. We have Licensed Clinicians, Associate Clinicians, and Student Clinicians who work at our center to meet the mental wellness needs of our clients. We pride ourselves on our diversity and sensitivity to culture and cultural issues and concerns. We each have a passion for what we do as we keep our entire community in mind.
(707) 927-4282 View (707) 927-4282
Photo of Jacqueline Vargas, Marriage & Family Therapist in Fairfield, CA
Jacqueline Vargas
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
Fairfield, CA 94533
Hi! My name is Jackie (they/them) and I am a first-generation Mexican-American, LGBTQ+ identifying (genderfluid/queer), psychotherapist. My focus is working with young adults exploring their sexual orientation, & gender identity, experiencing depression, anxiety, relationship challenges, heartbreak, phase-of-life stressors, LGBTQ+-related trauma & unwanted experiences. My approach to therapy is trauma-informed, relational, and tailored to each client. My top modalities are relational therapy, compassion focused and I have an overall, eclectic approach. I create a safe environment with empathy, authenticity, accountability, and humor
Hi! My name is Jackie (they/them) and I am a first-generation Mexican-American, LGBTQ+ identifying (genderfluid/queer), psychotherapist. My focus is working with young adults exploring their sexual orientation, & gender identity, experiencing depression, anxiety, relationship challenges, heartbreak, phase-of-life stressors, LGBTQ+-related trauma & unwanted experiences. My approach to therapy is trauma-informed, relational, and tailored to each client. My top modalities are relational therapy, compassion focused and I have an overall, eclectic approach. I create a safe environment with empathy, authenticity, accountability, and humor
(707) 615-0808 View (707) 615-0808
Photo of Deborah Miller-Teaster, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Fairfield, CA
Deborah Miller-Teaster
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Fairfield, CA 94534
Not accepting new clients
Welcome to my practice! I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker with over 20 years of experience working with children, adolescents and adults. I work with individuals as well as couples and families. I love my work and believe in the process. My approach is interactive and collaborative, thus working together to create change. I believe in a non judgmental, compassionate, genuine relationship to facilitate growth. Depression, anxiety, trauma or our relationships with others make it difficult to make changes in our lives. My job is to give you a safe place and the right tools to give you success.
Welcome to my practice! I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker with over 20 years of experience working with children, adolescents and adults. I work with individuals as well as couples and families. I love my work and believe in the process. My approach is interactive and collaborative, thus working together to create change. I believe in a non judgmental, compassionate, genuine relationship to facilitate growth. Depression, anxiety, trauma or our relationships with others make it difficult to make changes in our lives. My job is to give you a safe place and the right tools to give you success.
(707) 986-4488 View (707) 986-4488
Photo of Bryan Jeffrey Mall, Marriage & Family Therapist in Fairfield, CA
Bryan Jeffrey Mall
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified
Fairfield, CA 94533
If you are reading this profile, you are taking an important step in helping yourself think and feel better. Sure, entering into a therapeutic relationship and sharing about yourself & your situation with someone new can be uncomfortable. This is normal, as is some hesitation to engage in therapy. However, if you are ready and willing to give therapy a try, with me as your guide, improvement, insight, and better outcomes may come.
If you are reading this profile, you are taking an important step in helping yourself think and feel better. Sure, entering into a therapeutic relationship and sharing about yourself & your situation with someone new can be uncomfortable. This is normal, as is some hesitation to engage in therapy. However, if you are ready and willing to give therapy a try, with me as your guide, improvement, insight, and better outcomes may come.
(925) 892-3106 View (925) 892-3106
Photo of Alexandria Noel Tan, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Fairfield, CA
Alexandria Noel Tan
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Fairfield, CA 94533
My name is Alexandria (Alex) Tan, and I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker located in the greater Sacramento area. I enjoy providing non-judgmental, empathetic therapy to individuals from all backgrounds and age ranges. I have experience working with a wide variety of individuals including those with mild to moderate depression, anxiety, substance use disorders, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) to those who have more serious mental illnesses including bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, and personality disorders (including Histrionic, Borderline, and antisocial personality disorders).
My name is Alexandria (Alex) Tan, and I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker located in the greater Sacramento area. I enjoy providing non-judgmental, empathetic therapy to individuals from all backgrounds and age ranges. I have experience working with a wide variety of individuals including those with mild to moderate depression, anxiety, substance use disorders, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) to those who have more serious mental illnesses including bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, and personality disorders (including Histrionic, Borderline, and antisocial personality disorders).
(707) 878-5174 View (707) 878-5174
Photo of Joshua Kim, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Fairfield, CA
Joshua Kim
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Fairfield, CA 94533
Hello, my name is Joshua Kim and I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker. I believe it is important to take into consideration the client as a whole person rather than just their mental health needs. This includes being mindful of the client's social, physical, emotional and spiritual wellbeing. Each therapeutic relationship is tailored to fit the unique needs of each client. I provide individual therapy sessions via teletherapy video platform for adults struggling with depression, ADHD anxiety, trauma, low self esteem, relationship or family issues, racial identity, LGBTQIA+ related issues, grief and loss, life transitions, etc.
Hello, my name is Joshua Kim and I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker. I believe it is important to take into consideration the client as a whole person rather than just their mental health needs. This includes being mindful of the client's social, physical, emotional and spiritual wellbeing. Each therapeutic relationship is tailored to fit the unique needs of each client. I provide individual therapy sessions via teletherapy video platform for adults struggling with depression, ADHD anxiety, trauma, low self esteem, relationship or family issues, racial identity, LGBTQIA+ related issues, grief and loss, life transitions, etc.
(707) 797-9252 View (707) 797-9252
Photo of Seaside Life Services, Marriage & Family Therapist in Fairfield, CA
Seaside Life Services
Marriage & Family Therapist, CA-LMFT
Verified
3 Endorsed
Fairfield, CA 94534
Experiencing symptoms of anxiety and depression? Anger disrupting your way of life? Are you finding that you are getting in your own way? Do you desire to improve your self-esteem and livelihood? Seaside Life Services is here to help! Our mission is to support individuals as they embark and travel through life’s journey. To walk alongside those needing support providing opportunities and services, building upon the sequences of mental, physical, and social experiences of life. Seaside Life Services supports, respects, and welcomes all genders, races, countries of origin, sexual orientations, bodies, religions, and abilities.
Experiencing symptoms of anxiety and depression? Anger disrupting your way of life? Are you finding that you are getting in your own way? Do you desire to improve your self-esteem and livelihood? Seaside Life Services is here to help! Our mission is to support individuals as they embark and travel through life’s journey. To walk alongside those needing support providing opportunities and services, building upon the sequences of mental, physical, and social experiences of life. Seaside Life Services supports, respects, and welcomes all genders, races, countries of origin, sexual orientations, bodies, religions, and abilities.
(707) 414-0761 View (707) 414-0761
Photo of Jennifer Duong, Marriage & Family Therapist in Fairfield, CA
Jennifer Duong
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
Fairfield, CA 94533
As a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist, I utilize various therapeutic modalities, including Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Solution Focused Therapy, Strength-Based, Family Systems, Motivational Interviewing, and more to help you live the way you want to.
As a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist, I utilize various therapeutic modalities, including Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Solution Focused Therapy, Strength-Based, Family Systems, Motivational Interviewing, and more to help you live the way you want to.
(707) 985-3752 View (707) 985-3752
Photo of Nancy McCray, Psychologist in Fairfield, CA
Nancy McCray
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
Fairfield, CA 94533  (Online Only)
HI!
HI!
(707) 600-2881 View (707) 600-2881
Photo of Hassaan Tohid, Drug & Alcohol Counselor in Fairfield, CA
Hassaan Tohid
Drug & Alcohol Counselor, MBBS, SUDCC, CCATP
Verified
Fairfield, CA 94534
If you or someone you know is struggling with Drug and Alcohol Addiction, and want to be treated with great care and confidentiality, then I am your counselor. My treatment plan is customized according to each client’s need, and focuses on not just recovery and sobriety forever but also to establish a happy and healthy successful life. I address anger management, early recovery, relapse prevention, and life skills training for the people suffering with addiction. I focus on adult clients of any gender and help them live a sober life with continuous guidance and outstanding treatment planning with my professional experience.
If you or someone you know is struggling with Drug and Alcohol Addiction, and want to be treated with great care and confidentiality, then I am your counselor. My treatment plan is customized according to each client’s need, and focuses on not just recovery and sobriety forever but also to establish a happy and healthy successful life. I address anger management, early recovery, relapse prevention, and life skills training for the people suffering with addiction. I focus on adult clients of any gender and help them live a sober life with continuous guidance and outstanding treatment planning with my professional experience.
(707) 607-6067 View (707) 607-6067
Photo of Ofelia Ramirez, Marriage & Family Therapist in Fairfield, CA
Ofelia Ramirez
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified
Fairfield, CA 94533
Waitlist for new clients
¡Bienvenido a mi consultorio! My name is Ofelia Ramirez, I provide bilingual and culturally sensitive services in an empathetic and humanistic environment. My personal and professional mission in life as a Marriage and Family Therapist is to walk along side with you to provide you with a personal experience so you can discover your own potential, increase self-empowerment, find solutions to your problems, increase personal and meaningful relationships, transform your life, and help you overcome and manage life's barriers, break toxic patterns to help you make life manageable for you.
¡Bienvenido a mi consultorio! My name is Ofelia Ramirez, I provide bilingual and culturally sensitive services in an empathetic and humanistic environment. My personal and professional mission in life as a Marriage and Family Therapist is to walk along side with you to provide you with a personal experience so you can discover your own potential, increase self-empowerment, find solutions to your problems, increase personal and meaningful relationships, transform your life, and help you overcome and manage life's barriers, break toxic patterns to help you make life manageable for you.
(707) 267-2403 View (707) 267-2403
Photo of Kristine Billingsley, Pre-Licensed Professional in Fairfield, CA
Kristine Billingsley
Pre-Licensed Professional
Verified
1 Endorsed
Fairfield, CA 94533
Hello! My name is Kristine Billingsley and I'm a Marriage and Family Therapist trainee. My interests are working with clients on their self-esteem, anxiety, depression, life transitions, grief, trauma, stress, couples and families relationships, and burnout. I work with individuals, couples, and families to work on issues that are present and collaborate with them to find ways to reach their goals.
Hello! My name is Kristine Billingsley and I'm a Marriage and Family Therapist trainee. My interests are working with clients on their self-esteem, anxiety, depression, life transitions, grief, trauma, stress, couples and families relationships, and burnout. I work with individuals, couples, and families to work on issues that are present and collaborate with them to find ways to reach their goals.
(707) 402-9348 View (707) 402-9348

See more therapy options for Fairfield

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Fairfield, CA

100+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in Fairfield, CA who prioritize treating:

91% Anxiety
90% Depression
74% Relationship Issues
72% Coping Skills
71% Self Esteem
67% Stress
61% Grief

Average years in practice

14 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

66% Aetna
65% Optum
64% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in Fairfield, CA see their clients

81% In Person and Online
19% Online Only

Gender breakdown

79% Female
21% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Fairfield?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.