Therapists in Encinitas, CA

Photo of Jill Prolman, Psychologist in Encinitas, CA
Jill Prolman
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
Encinitas, CA 92024
“Let me help you achieve balance in your life with comprehensive therapy that treats the whole you: mentally, emotionally, spiritually, and physically." I am able to understand and connect with a broad client base and identify problems and solutions that tailors the therapy around practical and effective solutions. I have over 25 years of experience and receive many referrals from the medical community in the areas of depression, anxiety, stress management, and relationships. My approach will help you gain insight, develop awareness, and learn techniques and skills which will empower you to successfully achieve your goals.
“Let me help you achieve balance in your life with comprehensive therapy that treats the whole you: mentally, emotionally, spiritually, and physically." I am able to understand and connect with a broad client base and identify problems and solutions that tailors the therapy around practical and effective solutions. I have over 25 years of experience and receive many referrals from the medical community in the areas of depression, anxiety, stress management, and relationships. My approach will help you gain insight, develop awareness, and learn techniques and skills which will empower you to successfully achieve your goals.
(760) 496-5857 View (760) 496-5857
Photo of Cristina M Brill, Psychologist in Encinitas, CA
Cristina M Brill
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
Encinitas, CA 92024
When considering therapy, it is natural to feel a bit intimidated by the process. As a psychologist specializing in issues of young adulthood such as relationship concerns, life transitions, depression, anxiety, and eating disorders, I strive to create a comfortable and safe environment for individuals or couples to explore the issues they find challenging in their lives.
When considering therapy, it is natural to feel a bit intimidated by the process. As a psychologist specializing in issues of young adulthood such as relationship concerns, life transitions, depression, anxiety, and eating disorders, I strive to create a comfortable and safe environment for individuals or couples to explore the issues they find challenging in their lives.
(619) 659-7055 View (619) 659-7055
Photo of Nancy Moothart, Marriage & Family Therapist in Encinitas, CA
Nancy Moothart
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, MFT
Verified
Encinitas, CA 92024
Are you (or is your child) overwhelmed and struggling to manage your emotions or life right now ? For over 25 years, I have been helping adults, children and families face and deal with life's challenges, including anxiety, depression, stress, divorce and co-parenting, family conflict, and communication. You may be facing a new phase of life or having mild symptoms, or maybe you are dealing with a long-term and more complicated situation in which you are feeling stuck and helpless. Either way, I can give you the tools and provide the space for you to begin working towards a happier and more satisfying life.
Are you (or is your child) overwhelmed and struggling to manage your emotions or life right now ? For over 25 years, I have been helping adults, children and families face and deal with life's challenges, including anxiety, depression, stress, divorce and co-parenting, family conflict, and communication. You may be facing a new phase of life or having mild symptoms, or maybe you are dealing with a long-term and more complicated situation in which you are feeling stuck and helpless. Either way, I can give you the tools and provide the space for you to begin working towards a happier and more satisfying life.
(760) 819-7614 View (760) 819-7614
Photo of Rebecca Prolman, Marriage & Family Therapist in Encinitas, CA
Rebecca Prolman
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified
Encinitas, CA 92024
Waitlist for new clients
However you come into therapy is welcomed - you can’t do this wrong.​ Sometimes we can feel overwhelmed by anxiety, sadness, or the intensity of our emotions. Other times we can feel numb and not be able to feel much of anything. Maybe it feels challenging to relax or to feel joy and pleasure. These are challenging, but common experiences— you are not crazy. Together we will explore your experiences, hopes, and desires. I work holistically to address the mind, body, heart, and spirit; allowing for increased experiences of inner-peace, meaningful connection, and increased confidence.
However you come into therapy is welcomed - you can’t do this wrong.​ Sometimes we can feel overwhelmed by anxiety, sadness, or the intensity of our emotions. Other times we can feel numb and not be able to feel much of anything. Maybe it feels challenging to relax or to feel joy and pleasure. These are challenging, but common experiences— you are not crazy. Together we will explore your experiences, hopes, and desires. I work holistically to address the mind, body, heart, and spirit; allowing for increased experiences of inner-peace, meaningful connection, and increased confidence.
(760) 417-6961 View (760) 417-6961
Photo of Jennie Abito-Carlestav, Marriage & Family Therapist in Encinitas, CA
Jennie Abito-Carlestav
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified
Encinitas, CA 92024
I provide evidence brain-based EMDR & Brainspotting to support the mental health & treatment of sports performance problems caused by significant negative experiences or injury. Those experiences can lead to performance problems commonly known as a slump, a block, and yips, which then can lead to Lost Move Syndrome (LMS). By reprocessing how the brain digested the significant negative memory, we can reset the brain and nervous system to return the Athlete to peak performance. Peak Performance also helps to “install” positive programming for future tasks, challenges, and high stakes events.
I provide evidence brain-based EMDR & Brainspotting to support the mental health & treatment of sports performance problems caused by significant negative experiences or injury. Those experiences can lead to performance problems commonly known as a slump, a block, and yips, which then can lead to Lost Move Syndrome (LMS). By reprocessing how the brain digested the significant negative memory, we can reset the brain and nervous system to return the Athlete to peak performance. Peak Performance also helps to “install” positive programming for future tasks, challenges, and high stakes events.
(619) 493-4409 View (619) 493-4409
Photo of Nicholas Anthony Furnari, Registered Psychological Associate in Encinitas, CA
Nicholas Anthony Furnari
Registered Psychological Associate, MA, PhD(c)
Verified
1 Endorsed
Encinitas, CA 92024
I help individuals who are ready to stop being in pain. Whether it's emotional, physical, or relational pain, I specialize in helping you get to the core of your difficulties both accurately and efficiently.
I help individuals who are ready to stop being in pain. Whether it's emotional, physical, or relational pain, I specialize in helping you get to the core of your difficulties both accurately and efficiently.
(760) 302-1949 View (760) 302-1949
Photo of Julia Jermyn, Associate Professional Clinical Counselor in Encinitas, CA
Julia Jermyn
Associate Professional Clinical Counselor, APCC
Verified
Encinitas, CA 92024
Waitlist for new clients
Have you been experiencing feelings of anxiety or depression? Or maybe you are navigating challenges that are causing you to feel unhappy, fearful or confused? I am a therapist with a passion for fostering positive change, growth, and healing within my clients. I am committed to providing a safe, non-judgmental, and inclusive space for you- building rapport through humor, empathy, and genuineness. My journey as a therapist has been shaped by a deep belief in the power of healing through connection with oneself and others.
Have you been experiencing feelings of anxiety or depression? Or maybe you are navigating challenges that are causing you to feel unhappy, fearful or confused? I am a therapist with a passion for fostering positive change, growth, and healing within my clients. I am committed to providing a safe, non-judgmental, and inclusive space for you- building rapport through humor, empathy, and genuineness. My journey as a therapist has been shaped by a deep belief in the power of healing through connection with oneself and others.
(760) 853-5561 View (760) 853-5561
Photo of Amy Dong, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in Encinitas, CA
Amy Dong
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, AMFT
Verified
Encinitas, CA 92024
I’m glad you’re here! Finding the right therapist can be challenging, so here’s a little about how I work to help you decide if we might be a good fit. I specialize in working with adults and couples navigating what can sometimes be an overwhelming existence. Whether it’s managing anxiety, healing burnout, traversing relationship difficulties, navigating a life transition, or living with grief, I’m here to hold a warm, supportive space.
I’m glad you’re here! Finding the right therapist can be challenging, so here’s a little about how I work to help you decide if we might be a good fit. I specialize in working with adults and couples navigating what can sometimes be an overwhelming existence. Whether it’s managing anxiety, healing burnout, traversing relationship difficulties, navigating a life transition, or living with grief, I’m here to hold a warm, supportive space.
(760) 463-0484 x101 View (760) 463-0484 x101
Photo of Joanne Wolf, Psychologist in Encinitas, CA
Joanne Wolf
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
Encinitas, CA 92024
Choosing a therapist is an important decision. My goal as your therapist is to help you find healthy ways to engage in life and use your strengths to help understand, uncover, and dismantle what is creating anxiety, depression and other emotional concerns you may find yourself living with. Therapy can help to create an environment to move through the process of self-discovery and self-awareness in a safe way. The treatments I work with have proven to be effective, including psychodynamic psychotherapy, mindfulness therapy, and EMDR. I believe therapy is foremost, about building a trusting relationship with a qualified person.
Choosing a therapist is an important decision. My goal as your therapist is to help you find healthy ways to engage in life and use your strengths to help understand, uncover, and dismantle what is creating anxiety, depression and other emotional concerns you may find yourself living with. Therapy can help to create an environment to move through the process of self-discovery and self-awareness in a safe way. The treatments I work with have proven to be effective, including psychodynamic psychotherapy, mindfulness therapy, and EMDR. I believe therapy is foremost, about building a trusting relationship with a qualified person.
(858) 386-4230 View (858) 386-4230
Photo of Miranda Linden, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in Encinitas, CA
Miranda Linden
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, AMFT, I43240
Verified
Encinitas, CA 92024
For couples seeking therapy, ideal clients are those who recognize the value of enhancing their relationship dynamics. They may be grappling with communication issues, trust issues, or simply navigating the complexities of maintaining a healthy partnership. Ideal clients are willing to engage in the therapeutic process, fostering a commitment to growth and connection. They may be individuals or groups navigating the challenges of multiple concurrent relationships, seeking to establish effective communication and mutual understanding and willing to exploring various motional dynamics and a commitment to developing healthy connections
For couples seeking therapy, ideal clients are those who recognize the value of enhancing their relationship dynamics. They may be grappling with communication issues, trust issues, or simply navigating the complexities of maintaining a healthy partnership. Ideal clients are willing to engage in the therapeutic process, fostering a commitment to growth and connection. They may be individuals or groups navigating the challenges of multiple concurrent relationships, seeking to establish effective communication and mutual understanding and willing to exploring various motional dynamics and a commitment to developing healthy connections
(619) 789-4902 View (619) 789-4902
Photo of Elizabeth Perkins, Marriage & Family Therapist in Encinitas, CA
Elizabeth Perkins
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified
1 Endorsed
Encinitas, CA 92024
You want to feel heard. You want to feel understood. You want peace and relief from the pain. Whether it is the loss of a loved one, the loss of a relationship or the loss of a part of yourself, grief can be overwhelming and all-consuming. Guilt, shame and sadness feel like they will never leave your side. You are not alone, and you do not have to grieve alone. I’m passionate about helping people heal from their losses by holding a safe space to grieve and discover their strength and resilience.
You want to feel heard. You want to feel understood. You want peace and relief from the pain. Whether it is the loss of a loved one, the loss of a relationship or the loss of a part of yourself, grief can be overwhelming and all-consuming. Guilt, shame and sadness feel like they will never leave your side. You are not alone, and you do not have to grieve alone. I’m passionate about helping people heal from their losses by holding a safe space to grieve and discover their strength and resilience.
(442) 239-1853 View (442) 239-1853
Photo of Becky Bernard Stuempfig, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist in Encinitas, CA
Becky Bernard Stuempfig, LMFT
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
Encinitas, CA 92024
Welcome to my profile! I'm so glad you are here. My passion is helping people with life transitions. Many of my clients are young adults, seeking support with their journey into adulthood. Perhaps you feel pressure "to keep up" and find yourself constantly comparing the way you look, feel and act to those around you. You may feel pulled in many directions such as career, relationships, and family. I can help you clarify your goals and priorities. I also enjoy supporting women and couples during pregnancy and the early stages of parenthood, helping sort through what they feel they "should" be feeling/doing versus their reality.
Welcome to my profile! I'm so glad you are here. My passion is helping people with life transitions. Many of my clients are young adults, seeking support with their journey into adulthood. Perhaps you feel pressure "to keep up" and find yourself constantly comparing the way you look, feel and act to those around you. You may feel pulled in many directions such as career, relationships, and family. I can help you clarify your goals and priorities. I also enjoy supporting women and couples during pregnancy and the early stages of parenthood, helping sort through what they feel they "should" be feeling/doing versus their reality.
(760) 368-6016 View (760) 368-6016
Photo of Meghan Simon, Marriage & Family Therapist in Encinitas, CA
Meghan Simon
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
4 Endorsed
Encinitas, CA 92024
Through my years as a therapist, I have worked to support clients to process and thrive pass difficult life events. Utilizing interventions based in the principles of Theraplay and EMDR I work with my clients to nurture a deeper sense of self-compassion and improve connections to the most important people in their lives. When working with children I feel harnessing the power of play allows both parent and child to engage in foundational aspects of attachment and provides the pair with powerful experiential change.
Through my years as a therapist, I have worked to support clients to process and thrive pass difficult life events. Utilizing interventions based in the principles of Theraplay and EMDR I work with my clients to nurture a deeper sense of self-compassion and improve connections to the most important people in their lives. When working with children I feel harnessing the power of play allows both parent and child to engage in foundational aspects of attachment and provides the pair with powerful experiential change.
(760) 280-5232 View (760) 280-5232
Photo of Julia Winters, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Encinitas, CA
Julia Winters
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Encinitas, CA 92024
I'm so glad you are on your journey to finding the right therapist. Seeking out therapy can take both vulnerability and courage, and I commend you for taking this first step. Life is intense and I imagine you are feeling overwhelmed or stressed, but you shouldn't have to manage it alone. My compassionate, empathetic, and humorous nature allows me to build a trusting relationship with my clients, and I strive to create a warm and welcoming environment. My approach to therapy is collaborative, where we work together as a team to identify and address the challenges you're facing.
I'm so glad you are on your journey to finding the right therapist. Seeking out therapy can take both vulnerability and courage, and I commend you for taking this first step. Life is intense and I imagine you are feeling overwhelmed or stressed, but you shouldn't have to manage it alone. My compassionate, empathetic, and humorous nature allows me to build a trusting relationship with my clients, and I strive to create a warm and welcoming environment. My approach to therapy is collaborative, where we work together as a team to identify and address the challenges you're facing.
(760) 840-2465 View (760) 840-2465
Photo of Colette D Sinclair, Psychologist in Encinitas, CA
Colette D Sinclair
Psychologist, PhD, IMMHC
Verified
Encinitas, CA 92024
As an Integrative Psychologist, I offer a holistic treatment model that leads to psychological, emotional, and energetic health, utilizing such approaches as Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, and Psychonutrition.
As an Integrative Psychologist, I offer a holistic treatment model that leads to psychological, emotional, and energetic health, utilizing such approaches as Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, and Psychonutrition.
(760) 924-9739 View (760) 924-9739
Photo of Erica Laks, Marriage & Family Therapist in Encinitas, CA
Erica Laks
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
Encinitas, CA 92024
Erica Laks is a licensed Marriage and Family Therapist. She earned her undergraduate bachelor's degree in psychology from the University of Arizona in Tucson, Arizona. She continued on to earn her master's degree in Marriage and Family Therapy from Alliant International University in San Diego in 2018. Erica approaches her clients from a systems perspective as well as draws on multiple treatment approaches including, narrative, cognitive behavioral, solution-focused, and play therapy. She has provided services in various settings including schools as well as offices.
Erica Laks is a licensed Marriage and Family Therapist. She earned her undergraduate bachelor's degree in psychology from the University of Arizona in Tucson, Arizona. She continued on to earn her master's degree in Marriage and Family Therapy from Alliant International University in San Diego in 2018. Erica approaches her clients from a systems perspective as well as draws on multiple treatment approaches including, narrative, cognitive behavioral, solution-focused, and play therapy. She has provided services in various settings including schools as well as offices.
(760) 394-9096 View (760) 394-9096
Photo of Terence l Shigg, Marriage & Family Therapist in Encinitas, CA
Terence l Shigg
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified
1 Endorsed
Encinitas, CA 92024
I am passionate about affecting change in others and I believe that by helping people change their beliefs you can help them change their lives. My ultimate goal is to give you the tools you need so that you don't need me! I have worked with client's from many different cultures and backgrounds and I would be delighted to work with you! I love people and have been gifted with the ability to connect with and reach almost anyone. I believe in doing what works for the individual. Therapy is about making you stronger not making me feel smarter.
I am passionate about affecting change in others and I believe that by helping people change their beliefs you can help them change their lives. My ultimate goal is to give you the tools you need so that you don't need me! I have worked with client's from many different cultures and backgrounds and I would be delighted to work with you! I love people and have been gifted with the ability to connect with and reach almost anyone. I believe in doing what works for the individual. Therapy is about making you stronger not making me feel smarter.
(760) 490-0511 View (760) 490-0511
Photo of Tonya Meeks, Marriage & Family Therapist in Encinitas, CA
Tonya Meeks
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified
4 Endorsed
Encinitas, CA 92024
I have extensive experience with dual diagnosis, addiction, & complex trauma. I have worked in private practice & residential and primary psychological treatment centers. I work as a drama therapist combining my clinical & performance background. I specialize in family working entire family system. I have direct and empathetic approach. Since becoming a mother I also, work on those areas specifically. In addition, I love working with artists, creative, and those wishing to explore or develop those areas. I know we are all creative and meant to be creating. I have a very intuitive nature with depth psychotherapist training.
I have extensive experience with dual diagnosis, addiction, & complex trauma. I have worked in private practice & residential and primary psychological treatment centers. I work as a drama therapist combining my clinical & performance background. I specialize in family working entire family system. I have direct and empathetic approach. Since becoming a mother I also, work on those areas specifically. In addition, I love working with artists, creative, and those wishing to explore or develop those areas. I know we are all creative and meant to be creating. I have a very intuitive nature with depth psychotherapist training.
(760) 642-5233 View (760) 642-5233
Photo of Jennifer Sage, Marriage & Family Therapist in Encinitas, CA
Jennifer Sage
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
Encinitas, CA 92024  (Online Only)
Hi! I'm Jennifer Sage, a dedicated Licensed Marriage and Family therapist specializing in working with adults facing anxiety, depression, trauma and addiction. With expertise in various therapies, I provide a compassionate and holistic approach to help you navigate your challenges, heal past wounds, and empower you on your journey towards growth and well-being. When faced with trauma and adversity, self esteem and self worth are often impacted, and feelings of unsafety and poor self image are often present. I have worked with children, adolescents, and adults in healing from life's challenges and coming back to self.
Hi! I'm Jennifer Sage, a dedicated Licensed Marriage and Family therapist specializing in working with adults facing anxiety, depression, trauma and addiction. With expertise in various therapies, I provide a compassionate and holistic approach to help you navigate your challenges, heal past wounds, and empower you on your journey towards growth and well-being. When faced with trauma and adversity, self esteem and self worth are often impacted, and feelings of unsafety and poor self image are often present. I have worked with children, adolescents, and adults in healing from life's challenges and coming back to self.
(760) 425-4438 View (760) 425-4438
Photo of Kristen Goodell, Marriage & Family Therapist in Encinitas, CA
Kristen Goodell
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified
1 Endorsed
Encinitas, CA 92024
My goal is to instill hope and to help people find happiness and healing. I provide a safe, friendly and nurturing environment to get to know my clients and incite positive change in their lives. I have provided therapeutic services in residential and outpatient settings to children, adolescents and adults for 11 years.I specialize in treating trauma, depression, anxiety and additional cognitive and emotional disorders using a variety of proven techniques (including EMDR). I work from a client-centered approach, looking at your individual situation and all of the things that have led you to where you are today.
My goal is to instill hope and to help people find happiness and healing. I provide a safe, friendly and nurturing environment to get to know my clients and incite positive change in their lives. I have provided therapeutic services in residential and outpatient settings to children, adolescents and adults for 11 years.I specialize in treating trauma, depression, anxiety and additional cognitive and emotional disorders using a variety of proven techniques (including EMDR). I work from a client-centered approach, looking at your individual situation and all of the things that have led you to where you are today.
(760) 266-4837 View (760) 266-4837

See more therapy options for Encinitas

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Encinitas, CA

500+

Average cost per session

$175

Therapists in Encinitas, CA who prioritize treating:

92% Anxiety
89% Depression
78% Relationship Issues
70% Trauma and PTSD
70% Self Esteem
65% Stress
64% Grief

Average years in practice

14 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

68% Aetna
58% Cigna and Evernorth
52% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in Encinitas, CA see their clients

71% In Person and Online
29% Online Only

Gender breakdown

80% Female
19% Male
1% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Encinitas?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.