Depression Therapists in East Palo Alto, CA

Photo of Quimani Green, PhD, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Quimani Green
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, PhD, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
East Palo Alto, CA 94303
I am here to assist you with addressing a range of emotional and behavioral issues that may stem from anxiety, depression, grief & loss, discrimination, parenting/family conflict, couples and other relationships.
As a Clinical Social Worker and Pyschotherapist, I have worked in the mental health field for over 12 years. I am a trainer, consultant, Licensed Clinical Social Worker, and Registered Psychological Assistant who values healing, growth, determination, advocacy, and service. As a provider of services in the Human Services Agency, the Children Welfare and Mental Health Systems, I bring a unique perspective to the services that I provide.
I am here to assist you with addressing a range of emotional and behavioral issues that may stem from anxiety, depression, grief & loss, discrimination, parenting/family conflict, couples and other relationships.
As a Clinical Social Worker and Pyschotherapist, I have worked in the mental health field for over 12 years. I am a trainer, consultant, Licensed Clinical Social Worker, and Registered Psychological Assistant who values healing, growth, determination, advocacy, and service. As a provider of services in the Human Services Agency, the Children Welfare and Mental Health Systems, I bring a unique perspective to the services that I provide.
(669) 600-5308 View (669) 600-5308
Photo of Anastasia Hospidales, AMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate
Anastasia Hospidales
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, AMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
East Palo Alto, CA 94303
Learn to love who you are and build self-compassion! I work to nurture relationships with yourself and others, strengthen connections, and enhance your life. Improve communication, better understand yourself, and build a foundation of love and respect for yourself and others. I work with clients going through separation or divorce, trauma, bullying, sexual assault, sexual desires, emotional abuse, physical abuse, depression, anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and body dysmorphia.
Learn to love who you are and build self-compassion! I work to nurture relationships with yourself and others, strengthen connections, and enhance your life. Improve communication, better understand yourself, and build a foundation of love and respect for yourself and others. I work with clients going through separation or divorce, trauma, bullying, sexual assault, sexual desires, emotional abuse, physical abuse, depression, anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and body dysmorphia.
(650) 844-1932 View (650) 844-1932
Photo of Joan Sykes-Miessi, MSW, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Joan Sykes-Miessi
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
East Palo Alto, CA 94303  (Online Only)
Have you been struggling to “get it together” for some time now? Maybe you feel left out or confused because your friends and peers seem to have their lives all figured out. You have goals for yourself but can’t seem to get moving on them much less achieve them. Perhaps you have great starts but after a few weeks those 'starts' began to slow down to an eventually halt; once again leaving you with feelings like disappointment, maybe anger, or perhaps lonely to the point of not wanting to try again.
Have you been struggling to “get it together” for some time now? Maybe you feel left out or confused because your friends and peers seem to have their lives all figured out. You have goals for yourself but can’t seem to get moving on them much less achieve them. Perhaps you have great starts but after a few weeks those 'starts' began to slow down to an eventually halt; once again leaving you with feelings like disappointment, maybe anger, or perhaps lonely to the point of not wanting to try again.
(650) 412-6642 View (650) 412-6642
Photo of Karla Amanda Brown, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Karla Amanda Brown
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
East Palo Alto, CA 94303
It is time for you to get unstuck - feel stronger and live life in control. Do you feel hurt and betrayed by someone who was supposed to love you? If your current relationship is causing you pain, you are in the right place. Fear does not have to rule your every move. Together, you and I will address what has been keeping you frozen so that you can open the door to a life of possibility and begin enjoying yourself while feeling secure and confident.
It is time for you to get unstuck - feel stronger and live life in control. Do you feel hurt and betrayed by someone who was supposed to love you? If your current relationship is causing you pain, you are in the right place. Fear does not have to rule your every move. Together, you and I will address what has been keeping you frozen so that you can open the door to a life of possibility and begin enjoying yourself while feeling secure and confident.
(650) 297-3259 View (650) 297-3259
Photo of undefined - Silver Lake Psychology, PsyD, Psychologist
Silver Lake Psychology
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
East Palo Alto, CA 94303
Learn how to feel more connected to yourself, others, and the world around you. Therapy provides all the elements of intimacy: honest communication, vulnerability, and trust. Good therapy is challenging yet warm, providing both structure and empathy for your unique experience.
Learn how to feel more connected to yourself, others, and the world around you. Therapy provides all the elements of intimacy: honest communication, vulnerability, and trust. Good therapy is challenging yet warm, providing both structure and empathy for your unique experience.
(415) 650-5245 View (415) 650-5245
Photo of Melissa Antoun, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Melissa Antoun
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
East Palo Alto, CA 94303
Are you having a hard time managing everyday life? Are your daily worries getting in the way of your well-being? Are you experiencing transitions that are impacting your love, family and/or work life? Or are you having trouble discovering the life path that feels right for you? If so, I’m here to help. Together, we can develop strategies to help you move beyond confusion into a life of calm, clarity, and connection.
Are you having a hard time managing everyday life? Are your daily worries getting in the way of your well-being? Are you experiencing transitions that are impacting your love, family and/or work life? Or are you having trouble discovering the life path that feels right for you? If so, I’m here to help. Together, we can develop strategies to help you move beyond confusion into a life of calm, clarity, and connection.
(510) 330-2424 View (510) 330-2424
Photo of Sean Chatmon, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Sean Chatmon
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
East Palo Alto, CA 94303
Not accepting new clients
I specialize in working with several issues including trauma, difficult life experiences, depression, anxiety, spirituality and identity related concerns.
Do you ever question if the bad things that happened to you are your fault? Maybe you spend a significant amount of time overthinking or trying to avoid the thoughts and feelings you experience. This is a normal response for many of us, but it doesn’t have to stay that way. Together we can explore and identify the strengths that you already have and use them as a foundation to build new skills for your healing. As your therapist, I will validate the struggles you are experiencing and challenge you to develop new skills that will not only improve your relationship with yourself, but also, with others.
I specialize in working with several issues including trauma, difficult life experiences, depression, anxiety, spirituality and identity related concerns.
Do you ever question if the bad things that happened to you are your fault? Maybe you spend a significant amount of time overthinking or trying to avoid the thoughts and feelings you experience. This is a normal response for many of us, but it doesn’t have to stay that way. Together we can explore and identify the strengths that you already have and use them as a foundation to build new skills for your healing. As your therapist, I will validate the struggles you are experiencing and challenge you to develop new skills that will not only improve your relationship with yourself, but also, with others.
(916) 823-9089 View (916) 823-9089

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Joanie Numssen Santos, L, C, S, W, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Joanie Numssen Santos
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, L, C, S, W
Verified Verified
Palo Alto, CA 94301
Feeling depressed or anxious? Just generally kind of blah? Awareness of your emotions is the starting place for healing. I can help you gently explore what you are feeling, get at the root causes, try new ways of thinking about old problems, discern what you want and identify what's holding you back from your dreams. I can guide you into using new tools for getting where you want to be. It takes courage to take these bold steps, try out new things -- I walk alongside you, guiding you as you create a life filled with hope, promise and happiness, as you define them. Ready to get started? :)
Feeling depressed or anxious? Just generally kind of blah? Awareness of your emotions is the starting place for healing. I can help you gently explore what you are feeling, get at the root causes, try new ways of thinking about old problems, discern what you want and identify what's holding you back from your dreams. I can guide you into using new tools for getting where you want to be. It takes courage to take these bold steps, try out new things -- I walk alongside you, guiding you as you create a life filled with hope, promise and happiness, as you define them. Ready to get started? :)
(408) 317-7308 View (408) 317-7308
Photo of Agustina Peroni, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Agustina Peroni
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Palo Alto, CA 94306  (Online Only)
I have helped patients to manage symptoms of depression and anxiety in order for them to have a more rewarding life.
Hola! Hello! I am Agustina. I am a bilingual (Spanish/English) Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist with more than 5 years of experience. I graduated from Palo Alto university in 2019 and worked at county based community agencies as well as hospitals.
I have helped patients to manage symptoms of depression and anxiety in order for them to have a more rewarding life.
Hola! Hello! I am Agustina. I am a bilingual (Spanish/English) Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist with more than 5 years of experience. I graduated from Palo Alto university in 2019 and worked at county based community agencies as well as hospitals.
(650) 405-3237 View (650) 405-3237
Photo of Gabrielle McQueen, MS, MA, AMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate
Gabrielle McQueen
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MS, MA, AMFT
Verified Verified
Palo Alto, CA 94302  (Online Only)
I have assisted individuals in overcoming issues that are connected to trauma, grief & loss, depression, general anxiety, social anxiety, new to parenthood, pre-marital issues, juvenile justice systems, oppositional teens, suicidal ideation and marital and family conflicts.
As a person of color born and raised in the Bay Area, I truly believe in my task and role as a therapist to reach those who feel as though their story is unheard and invalidated by the world we currently live in. My strengths as a therapist consist of gaining over nine years of experience working in the field of mental health as a mental health clinician under the non-profit realm and private practice within Santa Clara County. Over the course of my experience I have built skills in providing therapy to socioeconomically diverse families, children, individuals, couples, and those who identify with the LGBTQIA population.
I have assisted individuals in overcoming issues that are connected to trauma, grief & loss, depression, general anxiety, social anxiety, new to parenthood, pre-marital issues, juvenile justice systems, oppositional teens, suicidal ideation and marital and family conflicts.
As a person of color born and raised in the Bay Area, I truly believe in my task and role as a therapist to reach those who feel as though their story is unheard and invalidated by the world we currently live in. My strengths as a therapist consist of gaining over nine years of experience working in the field of mental health as a mental health clinician under the non-profit realm and private practice within Santa Clara County. Over the course of my experience I have built skills in providing therapy to socioeconomically diverse families, children, individuals, couples, and those who identify with the LGBTQIA population.
(669) 222-7981 View (669) 222-7981
Photo of Chelsea True, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Chelsea True
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Palo Alto, CA 94301
I support people experiencing grief, loss, depression, and anxiety; families impacted injustice; and women navigating difficult transitions.
Hi! Thank you for checking out my profile! I hope you'll feel welcome to reach out to me if it looks like we might be a good fit for one another. I use a liberatory approach in my practice. This means we'll work collaboratively to go beyond symptom relief, exploring practices for individual well-being that also support collective change. My work is rooted in many decades of contemplative practice and I have a special interest in Buddhist Psychology that often shows up in the therapy room.
I support people experiencing grief, loss, depression, and anxiety; families impacted injustice; and women navigating difficult transitions.
Hi! Thank you for checking out my profile! I hope you'll feel welcome to reach out to me if it looks like we might be a good fit for one another. I use a liberatory approach in my practice. This means we'll work collaboratively to go beyond symptom relief, exploring practices for individual well-being that also support collective change. My work is rooted in many decades of contemplative practice and I have a special interest in Buddhist Psychology that often shows up in the therapy room.
(707) 513-4262 View (707) 513-4262
Photo of Kira Olson, LMFT, LPCC, Marriage & Family Therapist
Kira Olson
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, LPCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Palo Alto, CA 94301
If you are struggling with eating issues, anxiety, or depression, or if you are a loved one supporting a family member struggling with these concerns, I want you to know that there is help, and you don't have to struggle alone. As a therapist who has experience in a variety of treatment programs and levels of care, I have witnessed both individual and family transformation from feeling stuck and hopeless to feeling empowered and hope-filled countless times. My passion is joining you in your journey to provide support, insight, and tools to achieve your goals, feel better, and live a life of greater joy and meaning.
If you are struggling with eating issues, anxiety, or depression, or if you are a loved one supporting a family member struggling with these concerns, I want you to know that there is help, and you don't have to struggle alone. As a therapist who has experience in a variety of treatment programs and levels of care, I have witnessed both individual and family transformation from feeling stuck and hopeless to feeling empowered and hope-filled countless times. My passion is joining you in your journey to provide support, insight, and tools to achieve your goals, feel better, and live a life of greater joy and meaning.
(844) 953-0954 View (844) 953-0954
Photo of Dr. Adi Zief-Balteriski: Therapy For Teens And Adults, PhD, Psychologist
Dr. Adi Zief-Balteriski: Therapy For Teens And Adults
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Palo Alto, CA 94306
Your child has become a teenager, and now life feels like you're navigating a storm. They have mood swings, anxiety, and depression. These things have clouded their mind, causing school to be more stressful, creating identity struggles, and making the family dynamic seem overwhelming. Concerns about the future and low self-esteem have added to mounting pressure to find help. Your teen has also developed a technology addiction, leading to isolation and loneliness, while hindering their social connections. You know this is a critical time for your teen. It breaks your heart to see them struggle, and you wish you knew how to help.
Your child has become a teenager, and now life feels like you're navigating a storm. They have mood swings, anxiety, and depression. These things have clouded their mind, causing school to be more stressful, creating identity struggles, and making the family dynamic seem overwhelming. Concerns about the future and low self-esteem have added to mounting pressure to find help. Your teen has also developed a technology addiction, leading to isolation and loneliness, while hindering their social connections. You know this is a critical time for your teen. It breaks your heart to see them struggle, and you wish you knew how to help.
(408) 684-6815 View (408) 684-6815
Photo of Veronica Calkins, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Veronica Calkins
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Menlo Park, CA 94025
A Licensed Psychotherapist specializing in trauma, crisis, grief, anxiety, depression, and relationships. Veronica provides an empathetic and caring environment to work through challenges without judgment. Veronica obtained her B.A. in Psychology with a minor in Applied Developmental Psychology and Master’s in Social Welfare at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). She is trained in CBT, DBT, and family and couples therapy. She is also certified in Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) and the administration of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) and Deep-Brain Theta Stimulation.
A Licensed Psychotherapist specializing in trauma, crisis, grief, anxiety, depression, and relationships. Veronica provides an empathetic and caring environment to work through challenges without judgment. Veronica obtained her B.A. in Psychology with a minor in Applied Developmental Psychology and Master’s in Social Welfare at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). She is trained in CBT, DBT, and family and couples therapy. She is also certified in Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) and the administration of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) and Deep-Brain Theta Stimulation.
(562) 268-0957 View (562) 268-0957
Photo of Megan Lait, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Megan Lait
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Palo Alto, CA 94301
Finding your way through emotional challenges, such as depression, anxiety, and significant life changes, can be a very lonely experience on your own. Having a partner can make all the difference. Working with a knowledgable, insightful and compassionate psychotherapist can make the journey bearable, smoother and more successful. In my practice, you are not alone. I partner with clients and provide guidance and support in a safe, supportive and empathetic environment to explore challenges and promote overall wellness. I specialize in helping people with depressive disorders, anxiety, post-traumatic stress, difficult life transitions, interpersonal conflicts and low self-esteem.
Finding your way through emotional challenges, such as depression, anxiety, and significant life changes, can be a very lonely experience on your own. Having a partner can make all the difference. Working with a knowledgable, insightful and compassionate psychotherapist can make the journey bearable, smoother and more successful. In my practice, you are not alone. I partner with clients and provide guidance and support in a safe, supportive and empathetic environment to explore challenges and promote overall wellness. I specialize in helping people with depressive disorders, anxiety, post-traumatic stress, difficult life transitions, interpersonal conflicts and low self-esteem.
(650) 446-7345 View (650) 446-7345
Photo of Michelle L Eisenberg, PhD, Psychologist
Michelle L Eisenberg
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Palo Alto, CA 94306
I use evidence-based, cognitive behavioral treatments to help people recover from post-traumatic stress, anxiety, and depression. My goal as a therapist is to work collaboratively with you to understand the obstacles that are preventing you from living the life you want. We will work together to develop a treatment plan and engage in the steps that will lead to a fulfilling life. Our primary goal during our work together will be to help you gain the skills you need to be more successful in your personal and professional life.
I use evidence-based, cognitive behavioral treatments to help people recover from post-traumatic stress, anxiety, and depression. My goal as a therapist is to work collaboratively with you to understand the obstacles that are preventing you from living the life you want. We will work together to develop a treatment plan and engage in the steps that will lead to a fulfilling life. Our primary goal during our work together will be to help you gain the skills you need to be more successful in your personal and professional life.
(650) 600-7478 View (650) 600-7478
Photo of Yael Levran Gabay, MA, LMFT, LPCC, Marriage & Family Therapist
Yael Levran Gabay
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT, LPCC
Verified Verified
Palo Alto, CA 94306
I believe that seeking therapy is a brave first step towards healing, and feeling comfortable with your therapist is vital to this process. I provide a non-judgmental, warm environment where you can set the course of your healing journey. I support adults and couples on a range of issues, including depression, anxiety, low self-esteem, relationship challenges, and unhealthy patterns of behavior.
I believe that seeking therapy is a brave first step towards healing, and feeling comfortable with your therapist is vital to this process. I provide a non-judgmental, warm environment where you can set the course of your healing journey. I support adults and couples on a range of issues, including depression, anxiety, low self-esteem, relationship challenges, and unhealthy patterns of behavior.
(650) 910-2914 View (650) 910-2914
Photo of Renee Burgard, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Renee Burgard
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Palo Alto, CA 94301
Waitlist for new clients
I offer mindfulness-based psychotherapy, with a warm and non-judging approach, for people who are experiencing anxiety, panic, depression, post-traumatic stress, infertility, seizure disorders (including atypical seizures) and people with pain and other chronic medical conditions. Sessions involve mostly talking therapy, and may also include (depending on your needs and interests): breathing & body sensation awareness practices; emotional regulation & distress tolerance training; simple yoga & meditation; and compassion, acceptance, gratitude, and loving-kindness practices; and interactive guided imagery.
I offer mindfulness-based psychotherapy, with a warm and non-judging approach, for people who are experiencing anxiety, panic, depression, post-traumatic stress, infertility, seizure disorders (including atypical seizures) and people with pain and other chronic medical conditions. Sessions involve mostly talking therapy, and may also include (depending on your needs and interests): breathing & body sensation awareness practices; emotional regulation & distress tolerance training; simple yoga & meditation; and compassion, acceptance, gratitude, and loving-kindness practices; and interactive guided imagery.
(650) 603-0499 View (650) 603-0499
Photo of Alvin B. Custodio, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Alvin B. Custodio
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Palo Alto, CA 94301
I am a bi-cultural; American-Filipino, psychotherapist with 10+ years of experience working with adults and adolescents, facing a multitude of life stressors including depression, anxiety, interpersonal relationship issues, trauma, etc.
The search for a therapist can be a daunting task filled with anxiety and skepticism. I believe the therapeutic relationship starts with comfort and trust, and it is important to feel a genuine connection with your therapist. It is important to feel valued and respected by your therapist as you may disclose the most vulnerable aspects of your life. With the right connection, you can feel supported to explore parts of you otherwise locked away.
I am a bi-cultural; American-Filipino, psychotherapist with 10+ years of experience working with adults and adolescents, facing a multitude of life stressors including depression, anxiety, interpersonal relationship issues, trauma, etc.
The search for a therapist can be a daunting task filled with anxiety and skepticism. I believe the therapeutic relationship starts with comfort and trust, and it is important to feel a genuine connection with your therapist. It is important to feel valued and respected by your therapist as you may disclose the most vulnerable aspects of your life. With the right connection, you can feel supported to explore parts of you otherwise locked away.
(415) 903-7134 View (415) 903-7134
Photo of Shela B Fisk, PhD, Psychologist
Shela B Fisk
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Palo Alto, CA 94302
Depression, nervousness and trauma are other symptoms that I am quite experienced treating.
It is difficult when something is bothering you and you don't know whom to turn to call. That's why you're reading this. I can't say I'm absolutely the right person for you but i will give it my all to try to understand and help you. It takes courage and determination to begin therapy. Therapy is hard but it is also an adventure into your mind and what makes you, you. Knowing how your mind works, gives you the tools to change. The most profound part of therapy is the relationship that we will form.
Depression, nervousness and trauma are other symptoms that I am quite experienced treating.
It is difficult when something is bothering you and you don't know whom to turn to call. That's why you're reading this. I can't say I'm absolutely the right person for you but i will give it my all to try to understand and help you. It takes courage and determination to begin therapy. Therapy is hard but it is also an adventure into your mind and what makes you, you. Knowing how your mind works, gives you the tools to change. The most profound part of therapy is the relationship that we will form.
(650) 273-9357 View (650) 273-9357

See more therapy options for East Palo Alto

Depression Therapists

What is the goal of therapy for depression?

Therapy for depression has several major goals. One is to relieve the mental pain of depression, which distorts feeling and thinking so that sufferers cannot see beyond their current state of mind or envision feeling better. Another is to give people the mental tools to recognize and correct the kinds of distorted thinking that turn a problem into a catastrophe and lead to despair. Therapy also teaches people how to process negative emotions in constructive ways, so they have more control over their own emotional reactivity. And it helps people regain the ability to see themselves positively, the motivation to do things, and the capacity for pleasure.

What happens in therapy for depression?

Perhaps most important, no matter the type of therapy, patients form an alliance with the therapist; that connection is therapeutic in itself, plus it becomes an instrument of change. Patients learn to identify and to challenge their own erroneous beliefs and thoughts that amplify the effects of negative experiences. They learn to identify situations in which they are especially vulnerable. And they learn new patterns of thinking and behaving. They may be given “homework” assignments in which they practice their developing skills. In addition, good therapists regularly monitor patients to assess whether and how much the condition is improving.

What therapy types help with depression?

Several types of short-term therapy have been found effective, each targeting one or more areas of dysfunction. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) helps clients challenge their negative thoughts and beliefs, learn new behavioral strategies, and curb reactivity to distressing situations. Behavioral activation (BA) is a form of therapy often used in conjunction with CBT; it focuses on engagement in rewarding activity as a pathway to changing negative feelings and disturbed mood. Another widely used approach is interpersonal therapy (IPT), which targets the social difficulties that both give rise to and get exacerbated by depression. Therapists may combine approaches as needed.

Can therapy for depression be done online?

Studies have found that online therapy can be highly effective for treating depression, although it may be more challenging to build a good therapist-patient alliance on screen than in person—at least at first. However, online therapy can offer considerable advantages. Accessibility and convenience are tops among them. Some people actually find it easier to talk about problems online than in person. While online therapy typically limits visibility of facial expression and body gestures that give important nonverbal cues to a patient’s state of mind, it can give therapists a glimpse into a patient’s world and life, providing information that can be highly useful in guiding therapy.

How effective is therapy for depression?

Many studies show that therapy is highly effective provided that patients complete the prescribed course of therapy, commonly 16 to 20 sessions. Over the long term, it is more effective than medication and the effects are more enduring. As a result, psychotherapy has the power not just to relieve current suffering but to prevent future episodes of the disorder. Therapy reverses the dysfunction in neural circuitry that disposes individuals to a negative view of themselves, the world, and their future and they acquire coping techniques, problem-solving skills, and understanding of their own vulnerabilities that are useful over the course of a lifetime.