Therapists in Desert Hot Springs, CA

Photo of Roger Peters, Marriage & Family Therapist in Desert Hot Springs, CA
Roger Peters
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
Desert Hot Springs, CA 92240
Greetings! My name is Roger Peters. I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist, LMFT, with over 17 years of experience. My experiences range from providing counseling to children in a school-based program, drug and alcohol treatment for adults and adolescents, crisis residential, and level 14 group homes. I have worked with Transitional Age Youth (TAY) clients that struggle with the daily stressors of transitioning into adulthood, and I have worked with older adults that struggle with severe mental illness.
Greetings! My name is Roger Peters. I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist, LMFT, with over 17 years of experience. My experiences range from providing counseling to children in a school-based program, drug and alcohol treatment for adults and adolescents, crisis residential, and level 14 group homes. I have worked with Transitional Age Youth (TAY) clients that struggle with the daily stressors of transitioning into adulthood, and I have worked with older adults that struggle with severe mental illness.
(442) 250-1731 View (442) 250-1731
Photo of Marcelle Turner, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Desert Hot Springs, CA
Marcelle Turner
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Desert Hot Springs, CA 92240
Major life changes, previous trauma, and day-to-day life stressors can affect one’s overall wellness. My goal and great passion is bringing healing and assistance to individuals who have experienced difficult/traumatic events and ongoing changes in life. Recreating stability can assist my clients, who include children, adults, and families, to find healthy perceptions of themselves through identifying and creating self-safety and strengthening their relationships to create a healthy and whole individual.
Major life changes, previous trauma, and day-to-day life stressors can affect one’s overall wellness. My goal and great passion is bringing healing and assistance to individuals who have experienced difficult/traumatic events and ongoing changes in life. Recreating stability can assist my clients, who include children, adults, and families, to find healthy perceptions of themselves through identifying and creating self-safety and strengthening their relationships to create a healthy and whole individual.
(442) 291-2790 View (442) 291-2790
Photo of Noella Marion Barb, Marriage & Family Therapist in Desert Hot Springs, CA
Noella Marion Barb
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
Desert Hot Springs, CA 92240
My ideal client is African American and women of color who is struggling with challenges of raising kids, returning to school, addiction, trying to change the cycle of abuse and empowerment.
My ideal client is African American and women of color who is struggling with challenges of raising kids, returning to school, addiction, trying to change the cycle of abuse and empowerment.
(442) 233-6401 View (442) 233-6401
Photo of Julie Amirault, Marriage & Family Therapist in Desert Hot Springs, CA
Julie Amirault
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
Desert Hot Springs, CA 92240
Hello, My Name is Julie Amirault. I've been licensed for 21 years as a Marriage & Family Therapist. I focus on using DBT skills, Guided Imagery, Meditation, and Mindfulness-Based Therapies. I use a Mindfulness-Based Approach to assisting clients to identify their strengths, finding balance in their lives, and pursuing both their present and future goals. I believe clients are experts on themselves and I am fortunate to advocate for them along their journey.
Hello, My Name is Julie Amirault. I've been licensed for 21 years as a Marriage & Family Therapist. I focus on using DBT skills, Guided Imagery, Meditation, and Mindfulness-Based Therapies. I use a Mindfulness-Based Approach to assisting clients to identify their strengths, finding balance in their lives, and pursuing both their present and future goals. I believe clients are experts on themselves and I am fortunate to advocate for them along their journey.
(442) 233-6955 View (442) 233-6955
Photo of Chase Christensen, Marriage & Family Therapist in Desert Hot Springs, CA
Chase Christensen
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
Desert Hot Springs, CA 92240
My name is Chase Christensen and I am a licensed therapist working in California. I have been working as a therapist for 15 years, serving all walks of life, every age, ethnic background and circumstance.
My name is Chase Christensen and I am a licensed therapist working in California. I have been working as a therapist for 15 years, serving all walks of life, every age, ethnic background and circumstance.
(442) 241-0272 View (442) 241-0272
Photo of George Livengood, Marriage & Family Therapist in Desert Hot Springs, CA
George Livengood
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified
Desert Hot Springs, CA 92240  (Online Only)
Life is a journey, and in seeking therapy you are taking a step to shape that journey. Choosing a therapist can be difficult, complicated by therapy jargon. To put it simply, we will examine your past, evaluate your present and collaborate on your future. Therapy is not without risk. However, I will provide a safe environment and a non-judgemental ear for you to explore your life and its infinite possibilities. You will determine where you want to go and I will work with you to help you get there. I look forward to hearing from you.
Life is a journey, and in seeking therapy you are taking a step to shape that journey. Choosing a therapist can be difficult, complicated by therapy jargon. To put it simply, we will examine your past, evaluate your present and collaborate on your future. Therapy is not without risk. However, I will provide a safe environment and a non-judgemental ear for you to explore your life and its infinite possibilities. You will determine where you want to go and I will work with you to help you get there. I look forward to hearing from you.
(760) 274-0176 View (760) 274-0176
Photo of Jenise Caetana, Marriage & Family Therapist in Desert Hot Springs, CA
Jenise Caetana
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
Desert Hot Springs, CA 92240
Hi. My name is Jenise Caetana and I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT). My practice is based in Tulare, California with telehealth allowing me the opportunity to work with clients from all over California. I am focused on helping adolescents, young adults, and others who suffer from stress, anxiety, depression, and difficulty with transitions through the use of Client-Centered, Brief Solution-Focused, and Cognitive Behavioral therapies.
Hi. My name is Jenise Caetana and I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT). My practice is based in Tulare, California with telehealth allowing me the opportunity to work with clients from all over California. I am focused on helping adolescents, young adults, and others who suffer from stress, anxiety, depression, and difficulty with transitions through the use of Client-Centered, Brief Solution-Focused, and Cognitive Behavioral therapies.
(442) 256-9448 View (442) 256-9448
Photo of Cristina Hernandez, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Desert Hot Springs, CA
Cristina Hernandez
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Desert Hot Springs, CA 92240
Hi, I'm Cristina! I'm a Licensed Clinical Social Worker based out of Los Angeles, CA, and working with clients statewide via telehealth. My goal as a therapist is not to fix people, instead, I take a collaborative approach to help clients discover their true potential. I believe experiences, including mistakes, shape a person’s character. Acknowledging and respecting a client’s view helps create a sense of empowerment which eventually promotes increased strength and resilience.
Hi, I'm Cristina! I'm a Licensed Clinical Social Worker based out of Los Angeles, CA, and working with clients statewide via telehealth. My goal as a therapist is not to fix people, instead, I take a collaborative approach to help clients discover their true potential. I believe experiences, including mistakes, shape a person’s character. Acknowledging and respecting a client’s view helps create a sense of empowerment which eventually promotes increased strength and resilience.
(714) 586-8849 View (714) 586-8849
Photo of Katrina Dela Cruz - Expansive Therapy, Counselor in Desert Hot Springs, CA
Katrina Dela Cruz - Expansive Therapy
Counselor, LCSW
Verified
Desert Hot Springs, CA 92240
My practice is informed by the interconnectedness of all things, especially the relationship between mind, body, and spirit (or soul), and the interrelationships between beings. I am influenced by Western psychological theories, as well as holistic, ancestral, and indigenous wellness rituals from around the world. I specialize in grief and loss, particularly death and dying, and the emotional and spiritual work surrounding other significant transitions, rites of passage, and life cycles. This includes work around the end of life, pregnancy loss, traumatic birthing processes, and plant (or fungi) spirit medicine integration.
My practice is informed by the interconnectedness of all things, especially the relationship between mind, body, and spirit (or soul), and the interrelationships between beings. I am influenced by Western psychological theories, as well as holistic, ancestral, and indigenous wellness rituals from around the world. I specialize in grief and loss, particularly death and dying, and the emotional and spiritual work surrounding other significant transitions, rites of passage, and life cycles. This includes work around the end of life, pregnancy loss, traumatic birthing processes, and plant (or fungi) spirit medicine integration.
(213) 429-4908 View (213) 429-4908
Photo of Rachel Drabecki, Marriage & Family Therapist in Desert Hot Springs, CA
Rachel Drabecki
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
Desert Hot Springs, CA 92240
Hi, my name is Rachel Drabecki, and I am a Licensed Marriage & Family Therapist (128153). My approach to therapy is generally very client-centered and collaborative, and I enjoy working with clients of all ages and backgrounds. As a mainly client-centered and humanistic therapist, I find it helpful to focus on the present. I strive to meet you where you are and to gain a deep understand you. I also often employ Acceptance and Commitment Therapy to help you move through your feelings and circumstances, rather than working around or avoiding them.
Hi, my name is Rachel Drabecki, and I am a Licensed Marriage & Family Therapist (128153). My approach to therapy is generally very client-centered and collaborative, and I enjoy working with clients of all ages and backgrounds. As a mainly client-centered and humanistic therapist, I find it helpful to focus on the present. I strive to meet you where you are and to gain a deep understand you. I also often employ Acceptance and Commitment Therapy to help you move through your feelings and circumstances, rather than working around or avoiding them.
(714) 643-8768 View (714) 643-8768
Photo of Raymond Hernandez, Marriage & Family Therapist in Desert Hot Springs, CA
Raymond Hernandez
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified
Desert Hot Springs, CA 92240
We all learn, whether intentionally or not, ways to handle the hardships that are a part of our life. These choices and mechanisms can be helpful and fruitful for our lives, or they can have hurtful and destructive outcomes. Some may seek healing, while others may choose to numb or ignore uncomfortable circumstances. No matter where you may fall in this spectrum, my desire as a therapist is to assist you with learning healthy and positive coping skills, so that you can take these skills into your everyday life and bring about the change you would like to see in yourself.
We all learn, whether intentionally or not, ways to handle the hardships that are a part of our life. These choices and mechanisms can be helpful and fruitful for our lives, or they can have hurtful and destructive outcomes. Some may seek healing, while others may choose to numb or ignore uncomfortable circumstances. No matter where you may fall in this spectrum, my desire as a therapist is to assist you with learning healthy and positive coping skills, so that you can take these skills into your everyday life and bring about the change you would like to see in yourself.
(760) 656-6059 View (760) 656-6059
Photo of Irma Monsivaiz-Cervantes, Marriage & Family Therapist in Desert Hot Springs, CA
Irma Monsivaiz-Cervantes
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified
Desert Hot Springs, CA 92240  (Online Only)
I am a bilingual therapist who will work with you to develop tools and new coping skills to improve the quality of your life and relationships. My therapeutic skills are eclectic allowing me to meet your needs. I have experience working with individuals, couples, and adolescents. I have a background in education and had worked in different capacities in this field for over twenty-five years. This experience allowed me to work with adolescents and their families. My approach includes developing respectful relationships within the family system through Positive Discipline and open communication improving the family dynamics overall.
I am a bilingual therapist who will work with you to develop tools and new coping skills to improve the quality of your life and relationships. My therapeutic skills are eclectic allowing me to meet your needs. I have experience working with individuals, couples, and adolescents. I have a background in education and had worked in different capacities in this field for over twenty-five years. This experience allowed me to work with adolescents and their families. My approach includes developing respectful relationships within the family system through Positive Discipline and open communication improving the family dynamics overall.
(760) 273-4320 View (760) 273-4320
Photo of Teri Rubanowitz, Marriage & Family Therapist in Desert Hot Springs, CA
Teri Rubanowitz
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
Desert Hot Springs, CA 92240
Hello! My name is Teri Rubanowitz and I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT) based in the San Fernando Valley, California. I am working with clients via Telehealth. I work with Individuals of all ages and couples specializing in anxiety, stress, and depression using Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy as modalities to help me and my client navigate transition periods. I work with my clients to build skills to allow them to feel better about themselves and develop a more positive outlook on life!
Hello! My name is Teri Rubanowitz and I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT) based in the San Fernando Valley, California. I am working with clients via Telehealth. I work with Individuals of all ages and couples specializing in anxiety, stress, and depression using Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy as modalities to help me and my client navigate transition periods. I work with my clients to build skills to allow them to feel better about themselves and develop a more positive outlook on life!
(951) 724-5074 View (951) 724-5074
Photo of Christina Stewart, Marriage & Family Therapist in Desert Hot Springs, CA
Christina Stewart
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
Desert Hot Springs, CA 92240
Hello, My name is Christina Stewart. I am a licensed Marriage and Family Therapist, having received a Bachelor's Degree in Psychology and a Master's Degree in Counseling Psychology. I have been licensed with the State of California since 2015. I have extensive experience working with children of all ages. I also have experience working with adults to assist in their creating positive life changes. I find satisfaction in working with senior citizens as they navigate life transitions.
Hello, My name is Christina Stewart. I am a licensed Marriage and Family Therapist, having received a Bachelor's Degree in Psychology and a Master's Degree in Counseling Psychology. I have been licensed with the State of California since 2015. I have extensive experience working with children of all ages. I also have experience working with adults to assist in their creating positive life changes. I find satisfaction in working with senior citizens as they navigate life transitions.
(831) 851-3177 View (831) 851-3177
Photo of Molly Tavernese, Marriage & Family Therapist in Desert Hot Springs, CA
Molly Tavernese
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
Desert Hot Springs, CA 92240
Hello! My name is Molly and I am a licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT), based in San Diego, California. I work with clients statewide via tele-health. I work with adolescents and adults supporting a variety of issues noted below in Bio. I work with a variety of therapeutic modalities based upon the goals of each individual. I most frequently use Cognitive Behavioral Therapy but also pull from Person-Centered Therapy, along with utilizing a Strengths-Based Approach, and Mindfulness. We can explore your goals and identify a treatment plan that will help you feel safe, collaborative and supported.
Hello! My name is Molly and I am a licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT), based in San Diego, California. I work with clients statewide via tele-health. I work with adolescents and adults supporting a variety of issues noted below in Bio. I work with a variety of therapeutic modalities based upon the goals of each individual. I most frequently use Cognitive Behavioral Therapy but also pull from Person-Centered Therapy, along with utilizing a Strengths-Based Approach, and Mindfulness. We can explore your goals and identify a treatment plan that will help you feel safe, collaborative and supported.
(805) 870-9920 View (805) 870-9920
Photo of Christina Nicole Cabral, Marriage & Family Therapist in Desert Hot Springs, CA
Christina Nicole Cabral
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
Desert Hot Springs, CA 92240
Christina Cabral, LMFT137667 Specialty areas: Anxiety, life transitions, attachment issues, anger management and perinatal mental health. Works with children, teens, & young adults. Utilizes an integrative approach composed of psychodynamic, CBT, mindfulness, client-centered, and strength -based interventions. I work from a client centered approach and value connection and the therapeutic relationship. I believe a safe, positive environment fosters the setting for vulnerability and comfortability.
Christina Cabral, LMFT137667 Specialty areas: Anxiety, life transitions, attachment issues, anger management and perinatal mental health. Works with children, teens, & young adults. Utilizes an integrative approach composed of psychodynamic, CBT, mindfulness, client-centered, and strength -based interventions. I work from a client centered approach and value connection and the therapeutic relationship. I believe a safe, positive environment fosters the setting for vulnerability and comfortability.
(619) 762-3626 View (619) 762-3626
Photo of Olivia Johnson, Psychologist in Desert Hot Springs, CA
Olivia Johnson
Psychologist, LCP
Verified
Desert Hot Springs, CA 92240
I am a clinical and forensic psychologist licensed in California with 36 years of experience (I love helping folks!) I really look forward to working with you! I typically subscribe to a solution-focused therapy approach which I have found to be successful with various client populations. I find that a strong therapeutic alliance is central in facilitating change regardless of the presenting problem or issue. I would love the opportunity to work with couples who are struggling to communicate. Additionally, I enjoy working with individuals with various presenting issues.
I am a clinical and forensic psychologist licensed in California with 36 years of experience (I love helping folks!) I really look forward to working with you! I typically subscribe to a solution-focused therapy approach which I have found to be successful with various client populations. I find that a strong therapeutic alliance is central in facilitating change regardless of the presenting problem or issue. I would love the opportunity to work with couples who are struggling to communicate. Additionally, I enjoy working with individuals with various presenting issues.
(562) 662-3659 View (562) 662-3659
Photo of Tawnya Perry, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Desert Hot Springs, CA
Tawnya Perry
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Desert Hot Springs, CA 92240
Hi there, I'm Tawnya! I'm an LCSW versed in in culturally competent work with clients who have experienced trauma/challenges related to gender and race, relationship challenges, anxiety, depression, and family issues. My approach include cognitive-behavioral therapy, mindfulness, dialectical behavioral therapy, strength base therapies, and the utilization of culturally competent practices that take into consideration issues related to gender, class, ethnicity, and race. I consider it an honor to be able to assist clients as they move forward in exploring obstacles that may be negatively impacting their contentment and happiness.
Hi there, I'm Tawnya! I'm an LCSW versed in in culturally competent work with clients who have experienced trauma/challenges related to gender and race, relationship challenges, anxiety, depression, and family issues. My approach include cognitive-behavioral therapy, mindfulness, dialectical behavioral therapy, strength base therapies, and the utilization of culturally competent practices that take into consideration issues related to gender, class, ethnicity, and race. I consider it an honor to be able to assist clients as they move forward in exploring obstacles that may be negatively impacting their contentment and happiness.
(858) 544-3906 View (858) 544-3906
Photo of Kaela Stambor, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Desert Hot Springs, CA
Kaela Stambor
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Desert Hot Springs, CA 92240  (Online Only)
Welcome! In my over 10 years of clinical practice I have worked with diverse populations in the outpatient, inpatient, community and private practice setting. I work to build a trusting, safe, empathic therapeutic relationship to assist you in meeting your treatment goals. My experience has been focused on helping clients with issues pertaining to anxiety, depression, major life changes, and stress management. Together we can work on building the skills, processing the past and developing coping mechanisms to help you in the future.
Welcome! In my over 10 years of clinical practice I have worked with diverse populations in the outpatient, inpatient, community and private practice setting. I work to build a trusting, safe, empathic therapeutic relationship to assist you in meeting your treatment goals. My experience has been focused on helping clients with issues pertaining to anxiety, depression, major life changes, and stress management. Together we can work on building the skills, processing the past and developing coping mechanisms to help you in the future.
(310) 496-0048 View (310) 496-0048
Photo of Jane Akponye, Marriage & Family Therapist in Desert Hot Springs, CA
Jane Akponye
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
Desert Hot Springs, CA 92240
Hello, my name is Dr. Jane Akponye! I hold a Ph.D. in Counseling Psychology. I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT 129857), a certified Anger Management provider, an EQi-2.0 certified practitioner, and the author of “Children of Divorced Parents”. As a passionate person, I decided to help people find their passions and celebrate life through counseling. Due to perceived stigma, it’s often tough to decide whether to see a therapist when we are worried, stressed, anxious, and overwhelmed with life experiences. I ask you not to struggle through it alone but embrace help.
Hello, my name is Dr. Jane Akponye! I hold a Ph.D. in Counseling Psychology. I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT 129857), a certified Anger Management provider, an EQi-2.0 certified practitioner, and the author of “Children of Divorced Parents”. As a passionate person, I decided to help people find their passions and celebrate life through counseling. Due to perceived stigma, it’s often tough to decide whether to see a therapist when we are worried, stressed, anxious, and overwhelmed with life experiences. I ask you not to struggle through it alone but embrace help.
(805) 429-8698 View (805) 429-8698

See more therapy options for Desert Hot Springs

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Desert Hot Springs, CA

20+

Average cost per session

$125

Therapists in Desert Hot Springs, CA who prioritize treating:

93% Anxiety
81% Coping Skills
78% Depression
70% Family Conflict
70% Self Esteem
67% Relationship Issues
59% Life Transitions

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

92% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
88% Aetna
88% Optum

How Therapists in Desert Hot Springs, CA see their clients

89% In Person and Online
11% Online Only

Gender breakdown

84% Female
12% Male
4% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Desert Hot Springs?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.