Therapists in Interland-University Research Park, Davis, CA

Photo of Kelly Nelson, MS, MFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Kelly Nelson
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, MFT
Verified Verified
Interland-University Research Park, Davis, CA 95617
I believe that therapy can be a rewarding and life-changing experience. I became a therapist to help people lead happier, more productive lives. Clients need a sense of connection and trust, but also need someone who will gently challenge long-standing beliefs and patterns in a way that leads to positive change. I have been a therapist in the Davis community for 20 years, and have extensive training in Biofeedback, Neurofeedback, Coherence therapy, and Long term psychodynamic psychotherapy.
I believe that therapy can be a rewarding and life-changing experience. I became a therapist to help people lead happier, more productive lives. Clients need a sense of connection and trust, but also need someone who will gently challenge long-standing beliefs and patterns in a way that leads to positive change. I have been a therapist in the Davis community for 20 years, and have extensive training in Biofeedback, Neurofeedback, Coherence therapy, and Long term psychodynamic psychotherapy.
(530) 385-8071 View (530) 385-8071
Photo of Jay M Schnabolk, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Jay M Schnabolk
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Interland-University Research Park, Davis, CA 95617
When you need someone to talk to, when anxiety or depression, move you to call a therapist, I am available to listen and to help. I am a licensed professional, with over 48 years of experience specializing in psychotherapy for individuals, couples and families. People in all phases of life- from young teens to older adults- find my office to be their safe place.
When you need someone to talk to, when anxiety or depression, move you to call a therapist, I am available to listen and to help. I am a licensed professional, with over 48 years of experience specializing in psychotherapy for individuals, couples and families. People in all phases of life- from young teens to older adults- find my office to be their safe place.
(530) 494-6620 View (530) 494-6620
Photo of Jami Kulkin, MA, LMFT, NDHCP, Marriage & Family Therapist
Jami Kulkin
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT, NDHCP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Interland-University Research Park, Davis, CA 95617
I enjoy working with clients who are experiencing roadblocks on their path to a more fulfilled life. Barriers to wellness are not limited to the mental realm and may include physical issues, sexual issues, relationship issues and spiritual issues. These issues interrelate and thus must all be addressed holistically. The symptom is not the cause and is often key in figuring out where the problem resides. I believe in the power of the to heal ourselves. I see my role as helping identify solutions and offering tools for personal growth and healing. I seek to empower my clients as they heal, grow, and develop resilience.
I enjoy working with clients who are experiencing roadblocks on their path to a more fulfilled life. Barriers to wellness are not limited to the mental realm and may include physical issues, sexual issues, relationship issues and spiritual issues. These issues interrelate and thus must all be addressed holistically. The symptom is not the cause and is often key in figuring out where the problem resides. I believe in the power of the to heal ourselves. I see my role as helping identify solutions and offering tools for personal growth and healing. I seek to empower my clients as they heal, grow, and develop resilience.
(530) 402-8469 View (530) 402-8469
Photo of Dafna Gatmon, PhD, Psychologist
Dafna Gatmon
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Interland-University Research Park, Davis, CA 95617  (Online Only)
My work is active, compassionate, & collaborative. I enjoy working with clients who want to have a deeper understanding to be able to make positive changes. I work with couples & individuals to create a relationship that feels safe. I help my clients gain a deeper understanding, that reveals alternative choices & a path to building more connected & meaningful relationships. I also help my clients build on their strengths as I work with them supportively to attain their relationship & personal growth goals. I primarily work from an attachment theoretical orientation and integrate complimentary interventions to offer a tailored approach to my clients needs.
My work is active, compassionate, & collaborative. I enjoy working with clients who want to have a deeper understanding to be able to make positive changes. I work with couples & individuals to create a relationship that feels safe. I help my clients gain a deeper understanding, that reveals alternative choices & a path to building more connected & meaningful relationships. I also help my clients build on their strengths as I work with them supportively to attain their relationship & personal growth goals. I primarily work from an attachment theoretical orientation and integrate complimentary interventions to offer a tailored approach to my clients needs.
(530) 441-2979 View (530) 441-2979
Photo of Youssef Adel Elmanawy, PhD, LAADC, ACRPS, Counselor
Youssef Adel Elmanawy
Counselor, PhD, LAADC, ACRPS
Not Verified Not Verified
Interland-University Research Park, Davis, CA 95617
Mental health is a part of living a healthy and happy life. It is closely connected to our emotions and it could affect us physiologically. Please join me to maintain your mental hygiene and begin or continue your journey to happiness. If you feel sad, depressed, worried, anxious, or lonely let us talk. If you need assistance communicating with your teenage child; just call.
Mental health is a part of living a healthy and happy life. It is closely connected to our emotions and it could affect us physiologically. Please join me to maintain your mental hygiene and begin or continue your journey to happiness. If you feel sad, depressed, worried, anxious, or lonely let us talk. If you need assistance communicating with your teenage child; just call.
(530) 287-8247 View (530) 287-8247
Photo of Mitchel Adler, PsyD, CGP, Psychologist
Mitchel Adler
Psychologist, PsyD, CGP
Verified Verified
Interland-University Research Park, Davis, CA 95617
My practice focuses on helping people develop healthier relationships with themselves and others. I believe in building a safe, respectful and compassionate relationship with my clients where we can exchange direct, honest, and meaningful feedback. Within this trusting relationship, we can explore your challenges and strengths so that you have more healthy choices regarding your life goals. Whether you struggle with anxiety, depression, stress, anger, isolation, grief or relationship issues, or if you simply want to live more authentically and fully, there is hope. Key elements in the change process include curiosity and a desire to learn about yourself.
My practice focuses on helping people develop healthier relationships with themselves and others. I believe in building a safe, respectful and compassionate relationship with my clients where we can exchange direct, honest, and meaningful feedback. Within this trusting relationship, we can explore your challenges and strengths so that you have more healthy choices regarding your life goals. Whether you struggle with anxiety, depression, stress, anger, isolation, grief or relationship issues, or if you simply want to live more authentically and fully, there is hope. Key elements in the change process include curiosity and a desire to learn about yourself.
(530) 639-8000 View (530) 639-8000
Photo of Aleksey Sharipov, PsyD, Psychologist
Aleksey Sharipov
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Interland-University Research Park, Davis, CA 95617
Not accepting new clients
My goal is to help you feel less alone and overwhelmed by the challenges life can present. Whether it's panic attacks, social anxiety, sadness, apathy, lack of motivation, anger, relationship conflict, or other concerns, we'll work on a solution. I understand how limiting psychological distress can be and am passionate about helping you start living a more meaningful and engaged life. I draw from the insights of psychodynamic theorists to explore unconscious motivations, from the wisdom of interpersonal thinkers to understand your relationships, and from the science of cognitive behavioral researchers to change your thinking and attitudes.
My goal is to help you feel less alone and overwhelmed by the challenges life can present. Whether it's panic attacks, social anxiety, sadness, apathy, lack of motivation, anger, relationship conflict, or other concerns, we'll work on a solution. I understand how limiting psychological distress can be and am passionate about helping you start living a more meaningful and engaged life. I draw from the insights of psychodynamic theorists to explore unconscious motivations, from the wisdom of interpersonal thinkers to understand your relationships, and from the science of cognitive behavioral researchers to change your thinking and attitudes.
(916) 507-1753 View (916) 507-1753
Photo of Hali Rowen, PhD, Psychologist
Hali Rowen
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Interland-University Research Park, Davis, CA 95617
Not accepting new clients
I offer a warm, compassionate, down-to-earth, non-judgmental style that lends itself to creating a safe and trusting therapeutic environment for healing, growth and change. I work actively and collaboratively with you to develop an integrated approach to treatment that is tailored to suit your unique concerns and goals. We may explore historical and current emotions, thoughts and behavior patterns that are keeping you from more meaningful relationships, esteem and the quality of life you want. I encourage your feedback and am flexible to work with your changing needs.
I offer a warm, compassionate, down-to-earth, non-judgmental style that lends itself to creating a safe and trusting therapeutic environment for healing, growth and change. I work actively and collaboratively with you to develop an integrated approach to treatment that is tailored to suit your unique concerns and goals. We may explore historical and current emotions, thoughts and behavior patterns that are keeping you from more meaningful relationships, esteem and the quality of life you want. I encourage your feedback and am flexible to work with your changing needs.
(530) 441-0255 View (530) 441-0255
Photo of Rebecca Brunette, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Rebecca Brunette
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Interland-University Research Park, Davis, CA 95617
Not accepting new clients
I provide psychotherapeutic services for children, teens and adults in Davis, CA. Prior to private practice I worked in community mental health and residential treatment. I use a person-centered approach, tailoring therapy to each individual’s needs and strengths. I have particular interest in working with young people and their parents through the ups and downs, developmental challenges, and stresses of growing up. Clients have shared that I have an easy, down to earth, warm and relational approach.
I provide psychotherapeutic services for children, teens and adults in Davis, CA. Prior to private practice I worked in community mental health and residential treatment. I use a person-centered approach, tailoring therapy to each individual’s needs and strengths. I have particular interest in working with young people and their parents through the ups and downs, developmental challenges, and stresses of growing up. Clients have shared that I have an easy, down to earth, warm and relational approach.
(530) 763-1229 View (530) 763-1229
Photo of Judy Moore, MFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Judy Moore
Marriage & Family Therapist, MFT
Verified Verified
Interland-University Research Park, Davis, CA 95617  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
Hello, I am Judy Moore. I bring an exciting range of life experience and professional training to the therapy setting. I honor the stories and narrations you share with me in therapy and believe that the slow formation of trust between us creates a sacred ground for healing. Through this relationship built on trust and respect, you can find a way to more confidently navigate your life in a calmer way. I enjoy working with mood disturbance, anxiety, relationship issues and existential life situations. I am particularly fascinated by cultural diversity and am committed to helping you grow in a supportive and encouraging environment.
Hello, I am Judy Moore. I bring an exciting range of life experience and professional training to the therapy setting. I honor the stories and narrations you share with me in therapy and believe that the slow formation of trust between us creates a sacred ground for healing. Through this relationship built on trust and respect, you can find a way to more confidently navigate your life in a calmer way. I enjoy working with mood disturbance, anxiety, relationship issues and existential life situations. I am particularly fascinated by cultural diversity and am committed to helping you grow in a supportive and encouraging environment.
(530) 836-5196 View (530) 836-5196
Photo of Carin Lenk Sloane, MFT, MS, MBA, Marriage & Family Therapist
Carin Lenk Sloane
Marriage & Family Therapist, MFT, MS, MBA
Verified Verified
Interland-University Research Park, Davis, CA 95617
Not accepting new clients
I believe that you have the wisdom and capability to live the life you desire and deserve. I can help you tap into your individual strengths to overcome challenges and create a more meaningful, connected, authentic and fulfilling life. My approach to therapy is client-focused, open and compassionate.
I believe that you have the wisdom and capability to live the life you desire and deserve. I can help you tap into your individual strengths to overcome challenges and create a more meaningful, connected, authentic and fulfilling life. My approach to therapy is client-focused, open and compassionate.
(530) 631-3630 View (530) 631-3630
Photo of John Elliott Jervis, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
John Elliott Jervis
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Interland-University Research Park, Davis, CA 95617
Are you suffering from anxiety, depression or the aftermath of trauma? Do you struggle with painful patterns in your life that persist despite your best efforts toward change? Are you nervous to try therapy because of the expense and exposure? Have strong effort and promising insights in previous therapy failed to bring you relief? Are you struggling with a difficult child or teenager and feeling like your good intentions and best efforts are not reaching them? Traditional, insight-oriented therapy may help with such challenges--but if not, behavioral therapy may help, regardless of success with mental insight and understanding.
Are you suffering from anxiety, depression or the aftermath of trauma? Do you struggle with painful patterns in your life that persist despite your best efforts toward change? Are you nervous to try therapy because of the expense and exposure? Have strong effort and promising insights in previous therapy failed to bring you relief? Are you struggling with a difficult child or teenager and feeling like your good intentions and best efforts are not reaching them? Traditional, insight-oriented therapy may help with such challenges--but if not, behavioral therapy may help, regardless of success with mental insight and understanding.
(530) 453-6029 View (530) 453-6029
Photo of Taylor Jacob Baldwin, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Taylor Jacob Baldwin
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Interland-University Research Park, Davis, CA 95617  (Online Only)
Therapy can be a powerful tool in deepening relationships, moving through pain, tolerating discomfort, and understanding the unknown! My therapeutic work is rooted in guiding clients to realize their own potential. I develop an empathic, therapeutic relationship with my clients to generate self-directed change. By meeting you where you are at, and helping you see parts of yourself that may feel inaccessible, we can move toward you living life the way you want to.
Therapy can be a powerful tool in deepening relationships, moving through pain, tolerating discomfort, and understanding the unknown! My therapeutic work is rooted in guiding clients to realize their own potential. I develop an empathic, therapeutic relationship with my clients to generate self-directed change. By meeting you where you are at, and helping you see parts of yourself that may feel inaccessible, we can move toward you living life the way you want to.
(916) 251-0379 View (916) 251-0379
Photo of Brandy Dunn - Silver Lake Psychology, PsyD, Psychologist
Silver Lake Psychology
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Interland-University Research Park, Davis, CA 95617
Learn how to feel more connected to yourself, others and the world around you. Therapy provides all the elements of intimacy: honest communication, vulnerability and trust. Good therapy is challenging yet warm, providing both structure and empathy for your unique experience. We are a collective of therapists with a wide range of specialties. Our intake professionals will help connect you with the right therapist for your needs. We make appointments easy, offering evenings and weekends and flexibility for creative professionals who can't make the same time each week.
Learn how to feel more connected to yourself, others and the world around you. Therapy provides all the elements of intimacy: honest communication, vulnerability and trust. Good therapy is challenging yet warm, providing both structure and empathy for your unique experience. We are a collective of therapists with a wide range of specialties. Our intake professionals will help connect you with the right therapist for your needs. We make appointments easy, offering evenings and weekends and flexibility for creative professionals who can't make the same time each week.
(916) 237-9399 View (916) 237-9399
Photo of Smitha Kashi, MS, Pre-Licensed Professional
Smitha Kashi
Pre-Licensed Professional, MS
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Interland-University Research Park, Davis, CA 95617
I specialize in working with children, teens and adults who experience anxiety, depression, LGBTQ+ struggles, trauma, self-esteem issues, and interpersonal conflicts using an integrated, strengths based approach. We all experience a variety of emotions as we go through our lives. As your therapist we will work together to process and understand the emotions you experience. I work with clients to create a safe and comfortable environment where people can understand their strengths, work on creating boundaries, process trauma, and gain clarity on their experiences while keeping your various identities at the core of our work together.
I specialize in working with children, teens and adults who experience anxiety, depression, LGBTQ+ struggles, trauma, self-esteem issues, and interpersonal conflicts using an integrated, strengths based approach. We all experience a variety of emotions as we go through our lives. As your therapist we will work together to process and understand the emotions you experience. I work with clients to create a safe and comfortable environment where people can understand their strengths, work on creating boundaries, process trauma, and gain clarity on their experiences while keeping your various identities at the core of our work together.
(916) 665-0442 View (916) 665-0442
Photo of Dr. Teresa Hooker, PsyD, Psychologist
Dr. Teresa Hooker
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Interland-University Research Park, Davis, CA 95617
You know there's more to life than the loneliness, frustration, and fatigue you somehow keep coming back to. Despite the many times you've mustered the strength to push through and keep trying, sometimes you feel like true lasting change is hopeless. But something in you keeps calling, drawing you forward in search of the ease, passion, inspiration, and freedom you're longing for.
You know there's more to life than the loneliness, frustration, and fatigue you somehow keep coming back to. Despite the many times you've mustered the strength to push through and keep trying, sometimes you feel like true lasting change is hopeless. But something in you keeps calling, drawing you forward in search of the ease, passion, inspiration, and freedom you're longing for.
(916) 461-5960 View (916) 461-5960
Photo of Mandisa Pittmon, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Mandisa Pittmon
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Interland-University Research Park, Davis, CA 95617  (Online Only)
Your relationship with yourself is the most important relationship you will have. Experiencing intense emotions, fearfulness or being easily triggered can get in the way of having meaningful relationships with yourself and others. Fear, reactivity, anxiety, panic, unhealthy communication patterns, worry and sadness, can be a result of negative experiences or trauma which can create challenges to living the life you want. Therapy can help to improve your quality of life by uncovering underlying issues, strengthening relational skills and learning strategies to cope with triggers.
Your relationship with yourself is the most important relationship you will have. Experiencing intense emotions, fearfulness or being easily triggered can get in the way of having meaningful relationships with yourself and others. Fear, reactivity, anxiety, panic, unhealthy communication patterns, worry and sadness, can be a result of negative experiences or trauma which can create challenges to living the life you want. Therapy can help to improve your quality of life by uncovering underlying issues, strengthening relational skills and learning strategies to cope with triggers.
(530) 641-9615 View (530) 641-9615
Photo of Latrice Simmons, ACSW, MSW, Pre-Licensed Professional
Latrice Simmons
Pre-Licensed Professional, ACSW, MSW
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Interland-University Research Park, Davis, CA 95617
Currently accepting new clients! What so many of us are craving lately is peace. Our hearts, bodies and souls are carrying so much. I support clients in finding their way through some of the darkest, painful times in their life. I will sit with your pain & go on this journey with you, together. I provide a calm, nurturing presence as I help clients heal and grow from their pain and discover their strengths in the process. I enjoy supporting my clients in nurturing and developing their relationship with themselves so they can create the life they envision.
Currently accepting new clients! What so many of us are craving lately is peace. Our hearts, bodies and souls are carrying so much. I support clients in finding their way through some of the darkest, painful times in their life. I will sit with your pain & go on this journey with you, together. I provide a calm, nurturing presence as I help clients heal and grow from their pain and discover their strengths in the process. I enjoy supporting my clients in nurturing and developing their relationship with themselves so they can create the life they envision.
(707) 969-0818 View (707) 969-0818
Photo of Senaida Rangel, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Senaida Rangel
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Interland-University Research Park, Davis, CA 95617
I offer evening appointments! Currently accepting new clients! Sometimes we reach a season of life that we need a little help navigating, and the good news is that you do not have to do it alone. I have experience working with culturally diverse individuals in various treatment settings, with an emphasis on working with first responders and military and spouses, individuals in recovery, and adolescents/teens. As an individual who has worked along side first responders in a jail setting and the partner of a fire fighter, I have first hand knowledge of the demands and challenges that arise in the day to day work and in personal lives.
I offer evening appointments! Currently accepting new clients! Sometimes we reach a season of life that we need a little help navigating, and the good news is that you do not have to do it alone. I have experience working with culturally diverse individuals in various treatment settings, with an emphasis on working with first responders and military and spouses, individuals in recovery, and adolescents/teens. As an individual who has worked along side first responders in a jail setting and the partner of a fire fighter, I have first hand knowledge of the demands and challenges that arise in the day to day work and in personal lives.
(707) 876-0353 View (707) 876-0353
Photo of Joanna Fox Maxwell, MS, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Joanna Fox Maxwell
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Interland-University Research Park, Davis, CA 95617
Not accepting new clients
(530) 292-8139 View (530) 292-8139
1

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Interland-University Research Park, Davis, CA

20+

Average cost per session

$165

Therapists in Interland-University Research Park, Davis, CA who prioritize treating:

83% Relationship Issues
78% Anxiety
78% Self Esteem
74% Depression
74% Coping Skills
65% Grief
65% Parenting

Average years in practice

21 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

56% Optum
44% MHN | Health Net
44% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in Interland-University Research Park, Davis, CA see their clients

83% In Person and Online
17% Online Only

Gender breakdown

73% Female
27% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Interland-University Research Park, Davis?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.