Therapists in Costa Mesa, CA

Photo of Michele Marie Stamper, Marriage & Family Therapist in Costa Mesa, CA
Michele Marie Stamper
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Costa Mesa, CA 92626
I am somatically trained and specialize in trauma, complex ptsd, people pleasing and neurodivergence. I work with adult individuals and couples. Daily functioning can be impaired with intrusive thoughts, experiencing out of body sensations, loneliness, fear of disappointing others, lack of trust, feeling misunderstood, "too much" or "not enough", told you are too sensitive and struggle with deep connection and intimacy. Change is desired and often looks like slowing down, ability to be more present, feeling grounded, peaceful, less anxious, less activation. Safe.
I am somatically trained and specialize in trauma, complex ptsd, people pleasing and neurodivergence. I work with adult individuals and couples. Daily functioning can be impaired with intrusive thoughts, experiencing out of body sensations, loneliness, fear of disappointing others, lack of trust, feeling misunderstood, "too much" or "not enough", told you are too sensitive and struggle with deep connection and intimacy. Change is desired and often looks like slowing down, ability to be more present, feeling grounded, peaceful, less anxious, less activation. Safe.
(714) 465-5674 View (714) 465-5674
Photo of Inner Wisdom Psychotherapy Associates, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Costa Mesa, CA
Inner Wisdom Psychotherapy Associates
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Costa Mesa, CA 92627
I am Naomi Babcock LCSW, owner of the group practice Inner Wisdom Psychotherapy Associates, INC. and I consider my work to be a collaborative process to help adolescents and adults find the most effective ways to cope with emotional experiences that might arise as a result of various life situations or trauma. I have an extensive background in working with children and parenting concerns.
I am Naomi Babcock LCSW, owner of the group practice Inner Wisdom Psychotherapy Associates, INC. and I consider my work to be a collaborative process to help adolescents and adults find the most effective ways to cope with emotional experiences that might arise as a result of various life situations or trauma. I have an extensive background in working with children and parenting concerns.
(714) 613-0602 View (714) 613-0602
Photo of Melody Stone, Marriage & Family Therapist in Costa Mesa, CA
Melody Stone
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, ACHT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Costa Mesa, CA 92627  (Online Only)
As an LMFT, I have been practicing for over 18-years and traditionally from a psychodynamic approach, however, I have transitioned to a multifaceted approach -incorporating traditional therapy with EMDR, Somatic experiencing, Performance Psychology, Ketamine-Assisted Psychotherapy & Heart-Centered Hypnotherapy (HCH). This integrated approach is a deeper process of psychotherapy and is achieved through a relaxed state of consciousness which embraces the concept of self-determination and the belief that every client contains, deep within their own subconscious mind, the key to their own individual health and healing.
As an LMFT, I have been practicing for over 18-years and traditionally from a psychodynamic approach, however, I have transitioned to a multifaceted approach -incorporating traditional therapy with EMDR, Somatic experiencing, Performance Psychology, Ketamine-Assisted Psychotherapy & Heart-Centered Hypnotherapy (HCH). This integrated approach is a deeper process of psychotherapy and is achieved through a relaxed state of consciousness which embraces the concept of self-determination and the belief that every client contains, deep within their own subconscious mind, the key to their own individual health and healing.
(949) 749-5954 View (949) 749-5954
Photo of Rosie Saucedo, Marriage & Family Therapist in Costa Mesa, CA
Rosie Saucedo
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, MFT
Verified Verified
8 Endorsed
Costa Mesa, CA 92626
I respect the vulnerability and courage it takes to make that first call for help. Navigating through life's struggles can be challenging and leave you feeling confused, frustrated and alone. I invite you to consider what life would be like not having to stay stuck in the place of PAIN and moving toward lasting WELLNESS. Change IS possible, healing IS attainable! YOU hold the key to where change CAN happen; together we can remove the obstacles that are hindering your growth. I offer an honest and caring approach to psychotherapy for Individuals, Couples, and Families.
I respect the vulnerability and courage it takes to make that first call for help. Navigating through life's struggles can be challenging and leave you feeling confused, frustrated and alone. I invite you to consider what life would be like not having to stay stuck in the place of PAIN and moving toward lasting WELLNESS. Change IS possible, healing IS attainable! YOU hold the key to where change CAN happen; together we can remove the obstacles that are hindering your growth. I offer an honest and caring approach to psychotherapy for Individuals, Couples, and Families.
(949) 381-1446 View (949) 381-1446
Photo of Lisa Swedlow, Marriage & Family Therapist in Costa Mesa, CA
Lisa Swedlow
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT, EMDR
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Costa Mesa, CA 92626
Accepting New Clients: Are you feeling unhappy, stuck, or overwhelmed? Are you struggling with relationship issues, work stress, or challenges with family members? Are you or your loved ones struggling with addiction? Together, we can explore your current behaviors and beliefs and begin to unpack how your experiences from the past may be impeding your ability to live peacefully and purposefully in the present.
Accepting New Clients: Are you feeling unhappy, stuck, or overwhelmed? Are you struggling with relationship issues, work stress, or challenges with family members? Are you or your loved ones struggling with addiction? Together, we can explore your current behaviors and beliefs and begin to unpack how your experiences from the past may be impeding your ability to live peacefully and purposefully in the present.
(949) 303-7515 View (949) 303-7515
Photo of Dr. Joe DeBruin, Psychologist in Costa Mesa, CA
Dr. Joe DeBruin
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Costa Mesa, CA 92626
It is important that my patients feel respected, encouraged, and cared for. My job is to really listen and help you feel understood. I also think my role is to give you lots of feedback and not just be a passive listener saying, 'uh, uh hmm, I see, hmm". I am a coach, role-model, cheerleader, teacher, confidante, gentle 'kick-butt' person, resource, and accountability partner. The biggest complaint I have heard over the years about any past therapists whom patients felt were not helpful was the complaint that the past therapist was way too passive. I work best with those that want a therapist high in empathy but is not passive.
It is important that my patients feel respected, encouraged, and cared for. My job is to really listen and help you feel understood. I also think my role is to give you lots of feedback and not just be a passive listener saying, 'uh, uh hmm, I see, hmm". I am a coach, role-model, cheerleader, teacher, confidante, gentle 'kick-butt' person, resource, and accountability partner. The biggest complaint I have heard over the years about any past therapists whom patients felt were not helpful was the complaint that the past therapist was way too passive. I work best with those that want a therapist high in empathy but is not passive.
(657) 301-4593 View (657) 301-4593
Photo of Sobia Saleem Psychotherapist, Marriage & Family Therapist in Costa Mesa, CA
Sobia Saleem Psychotherapist
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, MA
Verified Verified
5 Endorsed
Costa Mesa, CA 92626  (Online Only)
Accepting New Clients! Are you a trans, non-binary, or poly person looking for a therapist who understands & reflects your identity? Are you a newly diagnosed neurodivergent or neuroqueer adult? Are you chronically ill and tired of educating your therapists about your medical conditions? Are you a queer Muslim seeking a therapist who's familiar with both your background & queerness? If so, I want to work with you on your unique challenges, like navigating your transition, exploring sexual dynamics with partner(s), dealing with a new diagnosis, and/or needing an HRT or GAS (surgery) letter. Therapy should cater to you and your needs.
Accepting New Clients! Are you a trans, non-binary, or poly person looking for a therapist who understands & reflects your identity? Are you a newly diagnosed neurodivergent or neuroqueer adult? Are you chronically ill and tired of educating your therapists about your medical conditions? Are you a queer Muslim seeking a therapist who's familiar with both your background & queerness? If so, I want to work with you on your unique challenges, like navigating your transition, exploring sexual dynamics with partner(s), dealing with a new diagnosis, and/or needing an HRT or GAS (surgery) letter. Therapy should cater to you and your needs.
(657) 286-7337 View (657) 286-7337
Photo of Emi Takeshita-Doty, Marriage & Family Therapist in Costa Mesa, CA
Emi Takeshita-Doty
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Costa Mesa, CA 92626  (Online Only)
As a clinician, I take a genuine and authentic approach and value the client-therapist relationship. I appreciate the opportunity to walk with clients in their journey and I strive to seek solutions and strategies that are meaningful to them. My goal is to encourage healing and growth during the therapeutic process.
As a clinician, I take a genuine and authentic approach and value the client-therapist relationship. I appreciate the opportunity to walk with clients in their journey and I strive to seek solutions and strategies that are meaningful to them. My goal is to encourage healing and growth during the therapeutic process.
(510) 399-0536 View (510) 399-0536
Photo of Tanya Desloover, Marriage & Family Therapist in Costa Mesa, CA
Tanya Desloover
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, CADC-II
Verified Verified
Costa Mesa, CA 92626
I want to recognize your courage to begin on a path for positive growth and well-being. If you are looking for support and guidance to resolve issues which have left you feeling powerless or if you are just hitting a rough spot in your life, I believe that through therapeutic approaches, together we can conquer your fears to resolve issues from your past that are contributing to behavior patterns (e.g., substance use, anxiety, depression, grief and loss) that keep you feeling like a victim rather than empowered. I look forward to working with you to achieve your goals.
I want to recognize your courage to begin on a path for positive growth and well-being. If you are looking for support and guidance to resolve issues which have left you feeling powerless or if you are just hitting a rough spot in your life, I believe that through therapeutic approaches, together we can conquer your fears to resolve issues from your past that are contributing to behavior patterns (e.g., substance use, anxiety, depression, grief and loss) that keep you feeling like a victim rather than empowered. I look forward to working with you to achieve your goals.
(949) 274-4128 View (949) 274-4128
Photo of Maddie Hansen, Marriage & Family Therapist in Costa Mesa, CA
Maddie Hansen
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
Costa Mesa, CA 92626
I find my work with clients to be both a calling and a profound privilege. I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist and completed my M.S. in Counseling at Hope International University. I am passionate about coming alongside individuals, teens, couples, and families who are struggling to cope in everyday life. I enjoy working with a variety of presenting problems including anxiety, depression, and symptoms associated with trauma. Additionally, I am passionate about helping couples navigate relational struggles to find hope, healing, and deeper connection with one another.
I find my work with clients to be both a calling and a profound privilege. I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist and completed my M.S. in Counseling at Hope International University. I am passionate about coming alongside individuals, teens, couples, and families who are struggling to cope in everyday life. I enjoy working with a variety of presenting problems including anxiety, depression, and symptoms associated with trauma. Additionally, I am passionate about helping couples navigate relational struggles to find hope, healing, and deeper connection with one another.
(714) 583-6159 View (714) 583-6159
Photo of Donald W (Donny) Harris, Marriage & Family Therapist in Costa Mesa, CA
Donald W (Donny) Harris
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
Costa Mesa, CA 92626
Waitlist for new clients
Hello there! Are you transgender or are you gender-questioning? Do you identify as gay or lesbian or bisexual? Are you unsure about who or with what label you identify with, or are you even sure you want to be labeled? Welcome, you've come to the right place....
Hello there! Are you transgender or are you gender-questioning? Do you identify as gay or lesbian or bisexual? Are you unsure about who or with what label you identify with, or are you even sure you want to be labeled? Welcome, you've come to the right place....
(714) 581-9584 View (714) 581-9584
Photo of Holly Forman, Marriage & Family Therapist in Costa Mesa, CA
Holly Forman
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Costa Mesa, CA 92627
Hi, I'm Holly. I'm a therapist, a human, & a believer in change. I specialize in working with people in life transitions. Individuals who I see often tell me they feel stuck and want to live a more authentic life. I have experience working those who struggle with anxiety, codependency, relationship issues, substance issues and depression. I typically use a process called IFS (internal family systems) to help clients identify the different (& often conflicting) parts of themselves with the goal of unburdening limiting beliefs, developing self compassion, and ultimately living from your highest Self.
Hi, I'm Holly. I'm a therapist, a human, & a believer in change. I specialize in working with people in life transitions. Individuals who I see often tell me they feel stuck and want to live a more authentic life. I have experience working those who struggle with anxiety, codependency, relationship issues, substance issues and depression. I typically use a process called IFS (internal family systems) to help clients identify the different (& often conflicting) parts of themselves with the goal of unburdening limiting beliefs, developing self compassion, and ultimately living from your highest Self.
(657) 214-7495 View (657) 214-7495
Photo of Phu Luu, Marriage & Family Therapist in Costa Mesa, CA
Phu Luu
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Costa Mesa, CA 92627
As a psychotherapist, I work collaboratively to support and empower individuals in the process of self-discovery, growth, and healing. My treatment approach is integrative/holistic, informed by training, continuing education, and clinical experience. The modalities/frameworks I provide are derived from but not limited to: Mindfulness, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Hypnotherapy, Brainspotting, Integral Somatic Psychology, Gestalt, Depth Psychology, Brief Psychodynamic Therapy, Humanistic-Existential Psychology, and Transpersonal Psychology.
As a psychotherapist, I work collaboratively to support and empower individuals in the process of self-discovery, growth, and healing. My treatment approach is integrative/holistic, informed by training, continuing education, and clinical experience. The modalities/frameworks I provide are derived from but not limited to: Mindfulness, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Hypnotherapy, Brainspotting, Integral Somatic Psychology, Gestalt, Depth Psychology, Brief Psychodynamic Therapy, Humanistic-Existential Psychology, and Transpersonal Psychology.
(949) 993-0326 View (949) 993-0326
Photo of Stephenie Champlin, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Costa Mesa, CA
Stephenie Champlin
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Costa Mesa, CA 92626
Are you going through something that has become overwhelming and difficult to handle? Are you afraid to share your thoughts and feelings with friends or family because you're worried about what they will say or think about you? Are you embarrassed that you can't handle it on your own? I am so sorry that you are struggling right now. You are not alone. Many people doubt themselves and the choices they've made. Having someone to talk to outside of your usual circles for an objective perspective is helpful and comforting.
Are you going through something that has become overwhelming and difficult to handle? Are you afraid to share your thoughts and feelings with friends or family because you're worried about what they will say or think about you? Are you embarrassed that you can't handle it on your own? I am so sorry that you are struggling right now. You are not alone. Many people doubt themselves and the choices they've made. Having someone to talk to outside of your usual circles for an objective perspective is helpful and comforting.
(714) 432-9856 View (714) 432-9856
Photo of Jan Gabrielle Galinanes, Marriage & Family Therapist in Costa Mesa, CA
Jan Gabrielle Galinanes
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Costa Mesa, CA 92627
I am an ATR-BC and Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist and have been licensed for over 5 years and have practiced mostly in California and via telehealth. I have experience working in schools, hospitals, outpatient/ inpatient, residential crisis programs, and fieldwork with many different cultures, seeing adults, children, and families struggling with, mental illness, grief and loss, serious medical/ psychiatric issues, trauma, death/dying, dementia/ Alzheimer’s, personality disorders, and a variety of other issues.
I am an ATR-BC and Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist and have been licensed for over 5 years and have practiced mostly in California and via telehealth. I have experience working in schools, hospitals, outpatient/ inpatient, residential crisis programs, and fieldwork with many different cultures, seeing adults, children, and families struggling with, mental illness, grief and loss, serious medical/ psychiatric issues, trauma, death/dying, dementia/ Alzheimer’s, personality disorders, and a variety of other issues.
(949) 996-0119 View (949) 996-0119
Photo of Marissa Diane Giblin, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in Costa Mesa, CA
Marissa Diane Giblin
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, Intern
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Costa Mesa, CA 92627  (Online Only)
I believe the challenges we face in life can become catalysts for change and opportunities for growth. Struggling through problems alone is painful and can leave you feeling stuck in old patterns and beliefs. Therapy offers a safe space for healing through the power of human connection and the feeling of being understood.
I believe the challenges we face in life can become catalysts for change and opportunities for growth. Struggling through problems alone is painful and can leave you feeling stuck in old patterns and beliefs. Therapy offers a safe space for healing through the power of human connection and the feeling of being understood.
(949) 998-3920 View (949) 998-3920
Photo of Kristel Yoneda, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in Costa Mesa, CA
Kristel Yoneda
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MA, AMFT, APCC
Verified Verified
Costa Mesa, CA 92626  (Online Only)
As a queer Japanese-American, I believe the authentic self is a hard-earned accomplishment. Clients who connect with me are often similarly invested in identity work and reauthoring their narrative to reflect who they are. Together, we explore how external systems such as capitalism and patriarchy impact how they understand themselves, how they walk through the world, and how they connect with others.
As a queer Japanese-American, I believe the authentic self is a hard-earned accomplishment. Clients who connect with me are often similarly invested in identity work and reauthoring their narrative to reflect who they are. Together, we explore how external systems such as capitalism and patriarchy impact how they understand themselves, how they walk through the world, and how they connect with others.
(657) 571-3924 View (657) 571-3924
Photo of Rupa T Ward, Marriage & Family Therapist in Costa Mesa, CA
Rupa T Ward
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Costa Mesa, CA 92626
Along with my MFT license, I have extensive training in yoga and meditation. In my practice I combine personal counseling with strategies derived from mindfulness training and body-mind integration practices. I help you become deeply aware of your long held patterns of thought, emotion, behavior, and relationship that may be creating difficulties and impeding your health and well-being. By engaging in this way, you will develop a friendship and intimacy with yourself, and feel more effective and free to solve your life's problems.I have made it my mission to use my training & experience to help those feel connected and open-hearted.
Along with my MFT license, I have extensive training in yoga and meditation. In my practice I combine personal counseling with strategies derived from mindfulness training and body-mind integration practices. I help you become deeply aware of your long held patterns of thought, emotion, behavior, and relationship that may be creating difficulties and impeding your health and well-being. By engaging in this way, you will develop a friendship and intimacy with yourself, and feel more effective and free to solve your life's problems.I have made it my mission to use my training & experience to help those feel connected and open-hearted.
(714) 432-9856 x100 View (714) 432-9856 x100
Photo of Michelle Pando, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in Costa Mesa, CA
Michelle Pando
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, AMFT
Verified Verified
Costa Mesa, CA 92626
If you are feeling overwhelmed or defeated in a relationship with your partner or kids, call me at 949-536-9941 and we can set up 15 minutes to talk about your concerns. We all face challenging times throughout the family life cycle, whether it is marriage, divorce, raising kids or empty nesting. I am passionate about helping my clients embrace their unique family situation and learn tools to navigate relationship challenges.
If you are feeling overwhelmed or defeated in a relationship with your partner or kids, call me at 949-536-9941 and we can set up 15 minutes to talk about your concerns. We all face challenging times throughout the family life cycle, whether it is marriage, divorce, raising kids or empty nesting. I am passionate about helping my clients embrace their unique family situation and learn tools to navigate relationship challenges.
(714) 432-9856 View (714) 432-9856
Photo of Katie Burgess, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Costa Mesa, CA
Katie Burgess
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Costa Mesa, CA 92626  (Online Only)
Katie is a licensed psychotherapist and has worked in mental health and social services since 2011. She provides compassionate, evidence based therapy that is individualized to each client and their specific needs, strengths and goals. She utilizes an eclectic approach that incorporates different evidenced based therapeutic frameworks. She is passionate about partnering with her clients to help them achieve their personal goals and reach their fullest potential.
Katie is a licensed psychotherapist and has worked in mental health and social services since 2011. She provides compassionate, evidence based therapy that is individualized to each client and their specific needs, strengths and goals. She utilizes an eclectic approach that incorporates different evidenced based therapeutic frameworks. She is passionate about partnering with her clients to help them achieve their personal goals and reach their fullest potential.
(949) 649-8379 View (949) 649-8379

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Costa Mesa, CA

600+

Average cost per session

$175

Therapists in Costa Mesa, CA who prioritize treating:

94% Anxiety
89% Depression
80% Relationship Issues
74% Self Esteem
68% Grief
68% Trauma and PTSD
68% Stress

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

71% Cigna and Evernorth
68% Aetna
52% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in Costa Mesa, CA see their clients

77% In Person and Online
23% Online Only

Gender breakdown

77% Female
22% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Costa Mesa?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.