Therapists in Carlsbad, CA

Photo of Lawrence T Woodburn, Psychologist in Carlsbad, CA
Lawrence T Woodburn
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Carlsbad, CA 92008
We believe that therapy is an opportunity for enhancing the functioning of individuals and families because everyone deserves to live a happy and fulfilling life. We are sensitive to our diverse community and strive to honor everyone’s beliefs and cultural values offering services tailored to meet the needs of our clients.
We believe that therapy is an opportunity for enhancing the functioning of individuals and families because everyone deserves to live a happy and fulfilling life. We are sensitive to our diverse community and strive to honor everyone’s beliefs and cultural values offering services tailored to meet the needs of our clients.
(619) 771-0509 View (619) 771-0509
Photo of David G James, Associate Professional Clinical Counselor in Carlsbad, CA
David G James
Associate Professional Clinical Counselor, MS, APCC
Verified Verified
Carlsbad, CA 92011
We all face challenges in life, but sometimes we can find ourselves needing to reach out for help when life challenges become overwhelming. Hi my name is David and I provide a safe, nonjudgmental environment where individuals or couples can experience forgiveness, healing, and emotional reconnection. The honest, nonjudgmental environment provides a platform for developing solutions that will exhilarate relationships, help change distorted thinking, and change undesirable behavior.
We all face challenges in life, but sometimes we can find ourselves needing to reach out for help when life challenges become overwhelming. Hi my name is David and I provide a safe, nonjudgmental environment where individuals or couples can experience forgiveness, healing, and emotional reconnection. The honest, nonjudgmental environment provides a platform for developing solutions that will exhilarate relationships, help change distorted thinking, and change undesirable behavior.
(760) 313-9991 View (760) 313-9991
Photo of Jaclyn Chung, Marriage & Family Therapist in Carlsbad, CA
Jaclyn Chung
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Carlsbad, CA 92011
Do you feel stuck and disconnected to yourself and within your relationships? Do you repeat relationship patterns over and over again? Do you use self-sabotaging coping mechanisms to get by? Maybe you feel shame, self-doubt, and dissatisfaction in your life. Perhaps you look to others to feel and be okay, unsure of your ability to make wise decisions. What would it be like to trust yourself completely to know what you need and to be able thrive? It is possible to feel differently in the relationship with yourself and others. You can gain insight into your patterns, learn to offer yourself compassion, and feel safe inside your body.
Do you feel stuck and disconnected to yourself and within your relationships? Do you repeat relationship patterns over and over again? Do you use self-sabotaging coping mechanisms to get by? Maybe you feel shame, self-doubt, and dissatisfaction in your life. Perhaps you look to others to feel and be okay, unsure of your ability to make wise decisions. What would it be like to trust yourself completely to know what you need and to be able thrive? It is possible to feel differently in the relationship with yourself and others. You can gain insight into your patterns, learn to offer yourself compassion, and feel safe inside your body.
(442) 245-5143 View (442) 245-5143
Photo of Ariel C Klassen, Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor in Carlsbad, CA
Ariel C Klassen
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, LPCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Carlsbad, CA 92011  (Online Only)
I specialize in trauma, addiction, anxiety and depression and have had the privilege of assisting varying ages from working at a residential treatment facility with adolescents to currently spending time at an intensive outpatient program for adults with substance abuse and mental health issues. Whether leading group therapy or in an individual session I value the importance of mental health and am committed to fostering growth in the lives I am a part of.
I specialize in trauma, addiction, anxiety and depression and have had the privilege of assisting varying ages from working at a residential treatment facility with adolescents to currently spending time at an intensive outpatient program for adults with substance abuse and mental health issues. Whether leading group therapy or in an individual session I value the importance of mental health and am committed to fostering growth in the lives I am a part of.
(760) 383-8472 View (760) 383-8472
Photo of James L Sinclair, Marriage & Family Therapist in Carlsbad, CA
James L Sinclair
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Carlsbad, CA 92008
I use a humanistic, client-centered approach to really listen and understand what is going on in the lives of each of my clients. Clients may present with depression, anxiety, addictions or anger issues. Any of these may stem from a variety of stressors; difficulties at work, or issues with friends or family. As we mature, we need to play new roles in life; as an employee or manager, as a spouse, becoming a parent, children leaving home, divorcing, parents aging or, as our children have families of their own, learning yet another role to play.
I use a humanistic, client-centered approach to really listen and understand what is going on in the lives of each of my clients. Clients may present with depression, anxiety, addictions or anger issues. Any of these may stem from a variety of stressors; difficulties at work, or issues with friends or family. As we mature, we need to play new roles in life; as an employee or manager, as a spouse, becoming a parent, children leaving home, divorcing, parents aging or, as our children have families of their own, learning yet another role to play.
(760) 659-7519 View (760) 659-7519
Photo of Kristin Colton, Drug & Alcohol Counselor in Carlsbad, CA
Kristin Colton
Drug & Alcohol Counselor, CADCIII, CATCIII, RYT 250
Verified Verified
Carlsbad, CA 92008
Kristin has been helping people in addiction recovery treatment since 1997 and has continued to find her work exciting and purposeful. She has expertise in all areas of substance use disorders as well as treating co-occurring disorders such as depression and anxiety. Kristin also works with individuals who struggle with eating disorders, sexual addiction, and other behavioral and process addictions. Kristin has studied Life Coaching as well as becoming certified in Yoga and Pranayama Breathwork and has found many evidence based and holistic practices to be extremely healing in her work as well as personal experience.
Kristin has been helping people in addiction recovery treatment since 1997 and has continued to find her work exciting and purposeful. She has expertise in all areas of substance use disorders as well as treating co-occurring disorders such as depression and anxiety. Kristin also works with individuals who struggle with eating disorders, sexual addiction, and other behavioral and process addictions. Kristin has studied Life Coaching as well as becoming certified in Yoga and Pranayama Breathwork and has found many evidence based and holistic practices to be extremely healing in her work as well as personal experience.
(949) 558-2647 View (949) 558-2647
Photo of Wholeness Collective Therapy Group, Marriage & Family Therapist in Carlsbad, CA
Wholeness Collective Therapy Group
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Carlsbad, CA 92008
We are Wholeness Collective Therapy Group, a boutique therapy center located in Carlsbad Village, California, offering holistic psychotherapy services both virtually and in-person. We specialize in a type of trauma therapy called EMDR. More information can be found on our website: www.wholenesscollectivetherapy.com
We are Wholeness Collective Therapy Group, a boutique therapy center located in Carlsbad Village, California, offering holistic psychotherapy services both virtually and in-person. We specialize in a type of trauma therapy called EMDR. More information can be found on our website: www.wholenesscollectivetherapy.com
(760) 790-4031 View (760) 790-4031
Photo of Chiara Franco, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in Carlsbad, CA
Chiara Franco
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MA
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Carlsbad, CA 92008
I deeply believe we all have strengths and the ability to overcome adversity. Life presents us with experiences, challenges and transitions that alter the view we have of ourselves. Sometimes we have the feeling that we’ve tried everything to get better, but instead we keep repeating patterns and behaviors we know hurt us and can hurt those around us.
I deeply believe we all have strengths and the ability to overcome adversity. Life presents us with experiences, challenges and transitions that alter the view we have of ourselves. Sometimes we have the feeling that we’ve tried everything to get better, but instead we keep repeating patterns and behaviors we know hurt us and can hurt those around us.
(442) 233-3136 View (442) 233-3136
Photo of Mahtaab Khanjari, Marriage & Family Therapist in Carlsbad, CA
Mahtaab Khanjari
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Carlsbad, CA 92008
Accepting new clients! Being human is not a simple experience, and reaching out for help along the way can be challenging. If you are reading this and think it’s time to ask for support, I see your courage and confidence and it would be an honor to join your journey. Whether you want to work through harrowing events and memories or learn new coping skills and prioritize your mental health, you deserve a time and place to do that. I intend to hold a warm, non-judgmental space to create an emotionally safe environment for growth, empowerment, and reconnecting with your inner self. I will be there to listen, support, and guide you.
Accepting new clients! Being human is not a simple experience, and reaching out for help along the way can be challenging. If you are reading this and think it’s time to ask for support, I see your courage and confidence and it would be an honor to join your journey. Whether you want to work through harrowing events and memories or learn new coping skills and prioritize your mental health, you deserve a time and place to do that. I intend to hold a warm, non-judgmental space to create an emotionally safe environment for growth, empowerment, and reconnecting with your inner self. I will be there to listen, support, and guide you.
(760) 374-3188 View (760) 374-3188
Photo of Linda Marie Snell, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Carlsbad, CA
Linda Marie Snell
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MFP, MSW, CATCIV, LCSW
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Carlsbad, CA 92008
Stuck, overwhelmed, isolated? Struggling to see your value? Feeling weighed down by feelings of blame, guilt, and shame? Have an intense need to please everyone? Substance use, anxiety, trauma, parenting issues, depression, emotional challenges, and/or interpersonal conflict can all lead to personal suffering and interfere with your ability to engage in daily life. Allow me to provide you with a safe space to begin your journey of developing strength, trust, worth, wisdom, and freedom. I will work collaboratively with you. My goal is to help you transform your life into a life that is meaningful to you.
Stuck, overwhelmed, isolated? Struggling to see your value? Feeling weighed down by feelings of blame, guilt, and shame? Have an intense need to please everyone? Substance use, anxiety, trauma, parenting issues, depression, emotional challenges, and/or interpersonal conflict can all lead to personal suffering and interfere with your ability to engage in daily life. Allow me to provide you with a safe space to begin your journey of developing strength, trust, worth, wisdom, and freedom. I will work collaboratively with you. My goal is to help you transform your life into a life that is meaningful to you.
(949) 239-1651 View (949) 239-1651
Photo of Leila Atiyeh, Counselor in Carlsbad, CA
Leila Atiyeh
Counselor, LPCC
Verified Verified
Carlsbad, CA 92008
Are you satisfied with the direction of your life? Are you having the life experiences that you are longing for? If not, you are not alone. Life can be challenging at times. It can steer us away from what we want or need. It can take us down paths that we may not necessarily want to be on. Together, we can deepen the relationship you have with yourself, connect to your innermost needs and desires, explore how you relate to and connect with others, identify patterns in behavior, and work through roadblocks and barriers. My goal is to empower you to lead a life that is meaningful to you.
Are you satisfied with the direction of your life? Are you having the life experiences that you are longing for? If not, you are not alone. Life can be challenging at times. It can steer us away from what we want or need. It can take us down paths that we may not necessarily want to be on. Together, we can deepen the relationship you have with yourself, connect to your innermost needs and desires, explore how you relate to and connect with others, identify patterns in behavior, and work through roadblocks and barriers. My goal is to empower you to lead a life that is meaningful to you.
(442) 233-8250 View (442) 233-8250
Photo of Dr. Grant Horner, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Carlsbad, CA
Dr. Grant Horner
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, DMin, MDiv
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Carlsbad, CA 92008
Worry, stress, and poor sleep have become all too familiar. Maybe a sense of hopelessness, helplessness or just feeling stuck are common thoughts. You may be in a marriage or relationship that has become increasingly more difficult, more conflicted, less loving and passionate, and you are wondering if you should stay, go, or if anything can change. You’ve set goals, you’ve given yourself pep talks, you’ve promised yourself you’ll change, but it’s not working. Usually, you can snap out of it, but this feels different. Often these challenges feel all consuming, and having a trusted and qualified person walk alongside you is helpful.
Worry, stress, and poor sleep have become all too familiar. Maybe a sense of hopelessness, helplessness or just feeling stuck are common thoughts. You may be in a marriage or relationship that has become increasingly more difficult, more conflicted, less loving and passionate, and you are wondering if you should stay, go, or if anything can change. You’ve set goals, you’ve given yourself pep talks, you’ve promised yourself you’ll change, but it’s not working. Usually, you can snap out of it, but this feels different. Often these challenges feel all consuming, and having a trusted and qualified person walk alongside you is helpful.
(760) 621-7972 View (760) 621-7972
Photo of Cyndie Claypool de Neve, Marriage & Family Therapist in Carlsbad, CA
Cyndie Claypool de Neve
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT, CCTP
Verified Verified
Carlsbad, CA 92008
Do your emotions feel overwhelming? Has anxiety or fear gripped your heart? Does daily life feel exhausting? Or do you crave better connections in your relationships? Cyndie Claypool de Neve, LMFT, is an author, speaker and therapist who wants to help you, your child and/or your family be the best version of yourselves. Cyndie comes from an empathetic, strength-based approach, weaving in personality insights and personalized coping skills to help increase a sense of peace and clarity, as she gently looks at past hurts and trauma to bring healing to the present and hope to the future.
Do your emotions feel overwhelming? Has anxiety or fear gripped your heart? Does daily life feel exhausting? Or do you crave better connections in your relationships? Cyndie Claypool de Neve, LMFT, is an author, speaker and therapist who wants to help you, your child and/or your family be the best version of yourselves. Cyndie comes from an empathetic, strength-based approach, weaving in personality insights and personalized coping skills to help increase a sense of peace and clarity, as she gently looks at past hurts and trauma to bring healing to the present and hope to the future.
(442) 239-4987 View (442) 239-4987
Photo of Travis Buchanan, Marriage & Family Therapist in Carlsbad, CA
Travis Buchanan
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Carlsbad, CA 92011  (Online Only)
Therapy is an important investment in you. A foundation to my approach is forming an impactful relationship committed to helping. I offer a safe space to help support you through the challenges you bring to session. My therapeutic style is from a positive place of encouragement and insight while providing support to align your goals. I work to find strength within to help you find happiness. I've worked in private practice for 13+ years as well as in outpatient treatment, community mental health, and partial hospitalization programs.
Therapy is an important investment in you. A foundation to my approach is forming an impactful relationship committed to helping. I offer a safe space to help support you through the challenges you bring to session. My therapeutic style is from a positive place of encouragement and insight while providing support to align your goals. I work to find strength within to help you find happiness. I've worked in private practice for 13+ years as well as in outpatient treatment, community mental health, and partial hospitalization programs.
(415) 991-4528 View (415) 991-4528
Photo of Sara L. Chalupsky Poore, Marriage & Family Therapist in Carlsbad, CA
Sara L. Chalupsky Poore
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Carlsbad, CA 92008
I specialize in treating depression, anxiety, self-harm, binge eating, and grief. I work collaboratively with clients to provide concrete tools for them to cope in everyday life. I provide an empathetic and a non-judgmental environment coupled with a client-centered approach.
I specialize in treating depression, anxiety, self-harm, binge eating, and grief. I work collaboratively with clients to provide concrete tools for them to cope in everyday life. I provide an empathetic and a non-judgmental environment coupled with a client-centered approach.
(760) 302-1370 View (760) 302-1370
Photo of Sarah Herring, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in Carlsbad, CA
Sarah Herring
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MA
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Carlsbad, CA 92008
Do you ever feel like you are repeating the same viscous cycle in your relationship? Do you and your partner feel like you find yourselves arguing over the same issues? Do you feel disconnected from your partner and even at times feel like you do not matter to them? You are not alone. Couples can create rigid patterns that can develop into a blame/withdraw cycle that creates negative emotions that each individual absorbs. The cycle continues to repeat itself in different context (i.e. household duties, parenting responsibilities, intimacy) and then creates an unsafe emotional connection which can feel isolating.
Do you ever feel like you are repeating the same viscous cycle in your relationship? Do you and your partner feel like you find yourselves arguing over the same issues? Do you feel disconnected from your partner and even at times feel like you do not matter to them? You are not alone. Couples can create rigid patterns that can develop into a blame/withdraw cycle that creates negative emotions that each individual absorbs. The cycle continues to repeat itself in different context (i.e. household duties, parenting responsibilities, intimacy) and then creates an unsafe emotional connection which can feel isolating.
(442) 239-6234 View (442) 239-6234
Photo of Ashleigh Thomas, Marriage & Family Therapist in Carlsbad, CA
Ashleigh Thomas
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Carlsbad, CA 92011
We all struggle at times, battling inner conflicts that can drain us. As an attachment-focused therapist, I believe we all long for connections—to others, ourselves, and life. It's natural to experience moments of disconnection, and sometimes, we just need a little help recognizing where it's coming from.
We all struggle at times, battling inner conflicts that can drain us. As an attachment-focused therapist, I believe we all long for connections—to others, ourselves, and life. It's natural to experience moments of disconnection, and sometimes, we just need a little help recognizing where it's coming from.
(442) 200-0819 View (442) 200-0819
Photo of Lance Ahl, Marriage & Family Therapist in Carlsbad, CA
Lance Ahl
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, MDiv
Verified Verified
5 Endorsed
Carlsbad, CA 92008
I have a heart for distressed marriages and want to help you find healing from difficult pains that occur so you can live a fulfilled life of joy and peace. Sometimes painful feelings can become so overwhelming that we lose sight of our purpose, leaving us stuck in a perpetual unhealthy cycle. Past traumas, experiences, doubts, and anxiety can trap us into believing lies causing us to live broken lives. Whether you are struggling in a cycle of being angry with others, shaming yourself, vying for control, escaping into drugs, affairs, porn, or shutting down from others, there is hope.
I have a heart for distressed marriages and want to help you find healing from difficult pains that occur so you can live a fulfilled life of joy and peace. Sometimes painful feelings can become so overwhelming that we lose sight of our purpose, leaving us stuck in a perpetual unhealthy cycle. Past traumas, experiences, doubts, and anxiety can trap us into believing lies causing us to live broken lives. Whether you are struggling in a cycle of being angry with others, shaming yourself, vying for control, escaping into drugs, affairs, porn, or shutting down from others, there is hope.
(619) 377-7592 View (619) 377-7592
Photo of Zsuzsa Kasselmann, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Carlsbad, CA
Zsuzsa Kasselmann
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Carlsbad, CA 92008
You want to feel content and self-assured but inside you are struggling with second guessing yourself or feeling stuck, feeling out of control and powerless. Maybe you are feeling that something, deep down, could be wrong with you. Or maybe you are frustrated, resentful and angry at being misunderstood or unappreciated. Do you feel like no matter how hard you try to be the person you are “supposed to be” it’s never enough? You might feel like giving up because you are tired of trying to improve your life, but keep repeating the patterns that make you feel like you will never measure up.
You want to feel content and self-assured but inside you are struggling with second guessing yourself or feeling stuck, feeling out of control and powerless. Maybe you are feeling that something, deep down, could be wrong with you. Or maybe you are frustrated, resentful and angry at being misunderstood or unappreciated. Do you feel like no matter how hard you try to be the person you are “supposed to be” it’s never enough? You might feel like giving up because you are tired of trying to improve your life, but keep repeating the patterns that make you feel like you will never measure up.
(442) 291-7361 View (442) 291-7361
Photo of Ashley Kokjohn-Poehler, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Carlsbad, CA
Ashley Kokjohn-Poehler
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Carlsbad, CA 92009
Taking that initial step toward change demonstrates bravery and courage. I am here to assist you in delving into the challenges and barriers in your life, recognizing your distinct strengths, and facilitating enduring transformations. Understanding the interconnection of mind, body, and spirit is crucial for mental well-being, and together, we can explore how to address these aspects. Throughout our sessions, I employ a blend of mental and physical techniques to aid in stress reduction and promote overall wellness.
Taking that initial step toward change demonstrates bravery and courage. I am here to assist you in delving into the challenges and barriers in your life, recognizing your distinct strengths, and facilitating enduring transformations. Understanding the interconnection of mind, body, and spirit is crucial for mental well-being, and together, we can explore how to address these aspects. Throughout our sessions, I employ a blend of mental and physical techniques to aid in stress reduction and promote overall wellness.
(760) 313-6952 View (760) 313-6952

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Carlsbad, CA

600+

Average cost per session

$165

Therapists in Carlsbad, CA who prioritize treating:

93% Anxiety
88% Depression
76% Relationship Issues
72% Self Esteem
70% Trauma and PTSD
66% Stress
64% Grief

Average years in practice

14 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

70% Aetna
57% Cigna and Evernorth
49% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in Carlsbad, CA see their clients

71% In Person and Online
29% Online Only

Gender breakdown

80% Female
19% Male
1% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Carlsbad?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.