Therapists in Burbank, CA

Photo of Natalie Murry, Marriage & Family Therapist in Burbank, CA
Natalie Murry
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
Burbank, CA 91505  (Online Only)
If you're reading this, chances are you're seeking agency and understanding on your journey toward emotional well-being and healthier relationships. I want you to know that you've come to the right place! As a trauma-informed clinician with 15 years of experience in the mental health field, I am here to offer you a unique therapeutic approach that integrates spirituality and psychological principles into your healing journey. Whether you're dealing with the aftermath of a traumatic event, battling anxiety or depression, struggling in your relationships, or feeling overwhelmed by life's transitions, I am here to provide support.
If you're reading this, chances are you're seeking agency and understanding on your journey toward emotional well-being and healthier relationships. I want you to know that you've come to the right place! As a trauma-informed clinician with 15 years of experience in the mental health field, I am here to offer you a unique therapeutic approach that integrates spirituality and psychological principles into your healing journey. Whether you're dealing with the aftermath of a traumatic event, battling anxiety or depression, struggling in your relationships, or feeling overwhelmed by life's transitions, I am here to provide support.
(323) 433-5690 View (323) 433-5690
Photo of Lisa Nemeth-Simon, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Burbank, CA
Lisa Nemeth-Simon, LCSW
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Burbank, CA 91505
It is my belief that the work of therapy is best described as a collaboration between the client and myself. The client is able to explore various issues in a safe environment with my support. My work with clients is tailored to their individual needs. Together we focus on a powerful, emotion based treatment, allowing clients to discover and work through the impact of issues that affect their lives.
It is my belief that the work of therapy is best described as a collaboration between the client and myself. The client is able to explore various issues in a safe environment with my support. My work with clients is tailored to their individual needs. Together we focus on a powerful, emotion based treatment, allowing clients to discover and work through the impact of issues that affect their lives.
(818) 963-9297 View (818) 963-9297
Photo of Heather Emma Valdovinos, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in Burbank, CA
Heather Emma Valdovinos
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, AMFT
Verified
1 Endorsed
Burbank, CA 91502
I am aware of the cultural factors that impact how we move and navigate through the world, which is why I humbly seek to provide culturally competent services.
I am aware of the cultural factors that impact how we move and navigate through the world, which is why I humbly seek to provide culturally competent services.
(747) 279-3676 View (747) 279-3676
Photo of Gina Woltman, Psychologist in Burbank, CA
Gina Woltman
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
Burbank, CA 91505
Gina Woltman is a Psychologist in California who has been practicing since 1996. She received her Masters and Doctorate in Clinical Psychology from Alliant University California School of Professional Psychology and her undergraduate degree from UCLA. Gina has worked in a variety of community mental health and educational settings providing therapy to children, adolescents, parents, and families. Her approach is primarily client centered/cognitive behavioral, focusing on the individual while challenging dysfunctional emotions, maladaptive behaviors, and cognitive processes through a number of goal-oriented applications.
Gina Woltman is a Psychologist in California who has been practicing since 1996. She received her Masters and Doctorate in Clinical Psychology from Alliant University California School of Professional Psychology and her undergraduate degree from UCLA. Gina has worked in a variety of community mental health and educational settings providing therapy to children, adolescents, parents, and families. Her approach is primarily client centered/cognitive behavioral, focusing on the individual while challenging dysfunctional emotions, maladaptive behaviors, and cognitive processes through a number of goal-oriented applications.
(818) 873-7185 View (818) 873-7185
Photo of Ani Sargsyan, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Burbank, CA
Ani Sargsyan
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Burbank, CA 91504  (Online Only)
You may choose to seek therapy during times of emotional pain or when you wish to merely grow. Whatever your reasoning is, I can provide ways for you to work through various issues, learn about feelings, understand the different patterns of thinking by gaining perspective on past/current events in your life, provide support with relationships, processing past/current trauma and learning positive coping tools to meet your needs by providing the highest quality care.
You may choose to seek therapy during times of emotional pain or when you wish to merely grow. Whatever your reasoning is, I can provide ways for you to work through various issues, learn about feelings, understand the different patterns of thinking by gaining perspective on past/current events in your life, provide support with relationships, processing past/current trauma and learning positive coping tools to meet your needs by providing the highest quality care.
(323) 968-6412 View (323) 968-6412
Photo of Christiana Bueno, Marriage & Family Therapist in Burbank, CA
Christiana Bueno
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT, EMDR
Verified
1 Endorsed
Burbank, CA 91505  (Online Only)
Perhaps you're down, anxious, struggling with triggers from traumatic memories, unsure about the future of a relationship, trying to adjust to a new chapter of your life, or just feel that you aren't living the life you were meant to live. Whatever your needs may be, I am here to offer the support you need in a safe and non-judgmental manner. Therapy is a process of growth and self-discovery, and in my sessions I promote behavioral transformation by encouraging the adoption of new perspectives and reactions.
Perhaps you're down, anxious, struggling with triggers from traumatic memories, unsure about the future of a relationship, trying to adjust to a new chapter of your life, or just feel that you aren't living the life you were meant to live. Whatever your needs may be, I am here to offer the support you need in a safe and non-judgmental manner. Therapy is a process of growth and self-discovery, and in my sessions I promote behavioral transformation by encouraging the adoption of new perspectives and reactions.
(330) 624-9668 View (330) 624-9668
Photo of Rowan Center for Behavioral Medicine, Psychologist in Burbank, CA
Rowan Center for Behavioral Medicine
Psychologist
Verified
3 Endorsed
Burbank, CA 91501
At the Rowan Center for Behavioral Medicine, we help people reach their full potential by transforming their healthcare experience. We use evidence-based psychological practices and partner with other health professionals for seamless and integrated care. Our clinical psychologists provide therapy for concerns such as depression, anxiety, stress-management, relationship problems, and phase-of-life issues. In addition, we specialize in health and rehabilitation psychology, providing assistance to patients with medical illnesses and disabilities and sensorimotor psychotherapy, providing trauma-informed, somatic, “body-based” therapy.
At the Rowan Center for Behavioral Medicine, we help people reach their full potential by transforming their healthcare experience. We use evidence-based psychological practices and partner with other health professionals for seamless and integrated care. Our clinical psychologists provide therapy for concerns such as depression, anxiety, stress-management, relationship problems, and phase-of-life issues. In addition, we specialize in health and rehabilitation psychology, providing assistance to patients with medical illnesses and disabilities and sensorimotor psychotherapy, providing trauma-informed, somatic, “body-based” therapy.
(818) 485-4519 x1002 View (818) 485-4519 x1002
Photo of Daniel Garrett, Psychologist in Burbank, CA
Daniel Garrett
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
Burbank, CA 91501
My focus is on providing multi-culturally affirming therapy to help people achieve their therapeutic goals and cope with struggles they face. I use an integrative and collaborative approach to deeply understand my client’s concerns, meet people where they are, and support their specific needs from therapy.
My focus is on providing multi-culturally affirming therapy to help people achieve their therapeutic goals and cope with struggles they face. I use an integrative and collaborative approach to deeply understand my client’s concerns, meet people where they are, and support their specific needs from therapy.
(747) 200-8760 x1002 View (747) 200-8760 x1002
Photo of Kathy Downing, Marriage & Family Therapist in Burbank, CA
Kathy Downing
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified
Burbank, CA 91505
When someone says, "get over it" -- well, if it was that easy, you'd already have done that, right? It's not always that easy, getting past that stuck spot, especially when criticism & judgment add insult to injury. What I love to do more than anything in my life is, help people get past those upsetting memories, & make solid, lasting changes, and move forward, in freedom. Sometimes, that means helping to identify a subtle, indecipherable trauma. Sometimes that means, tackling unspeakably horrific violence you survived. Sometimes that means, working together with the two of you together for communication skills. Because -
When someone says, "get over it" -- well, if it was that easy, you'd already have done that, right? It's not always that easy, getting past that stuck spot, especially when criticism & judgment add insult to injury. What I love to do more than anything in my life is, help people get past those upsetting memories, & make solid, lasting changes, and move forward, in freedom. Sometimes, that means helping to identify a subtle, indecipherable trauma. Sometimes that means, tackling unspeakably horrific violence you survived. Sometimes that means, working together with the two of you together for communication skills. Because -
(818) 306-4871 View (818) 306-4871
Photo of Carly Reifman, Marriage & Family Therapist in Burbank, CA
Carly Reifman
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT, ATR
Verified
4 Endorsed
Burbank, CA 91502  (Online Only)
It's an honor to facilitate exploration of consciousness. To make space and room to really sink into what the mind and body is communicating. And to provide a way to explore that however you choose. I personally offer trauma processing and self-exploration with somatic-based psychotherapy and The Comprehensive Resource Model (CRM). In fact, I believe trauma and overwhelm can drive a lot of suffering regardless of the diagnosis. So I aim to target the pain driving the behaviors you want to change; let's heal the wound, not redirect the symptom. Sessions are 60 minutes to offer more spaciousness.
It's an honor to facilitate exploration of consciousness. To make space and room to really sink into what the mind and body is communicating. And to provide a way to explore that however you choose. I personally offer trauma processing and self-exploration with somatic-based psychotherapy and The Comprehensive Resource Model (CRM). In fact, I believe trauma and overwhelm can drive a lot of suffering regardless of the diagnosis. So I aim to target the pain driving the behaviors you want to change; let's heal the wound, not redirect the symptom. Sessions are 60 minutes to offer more spaciousness.
(805) 669-9652 View (805) 669-9652
Photo of Amy Di Francia, Marriage & Family Therapist in Burbank, CA
Amy Di Francia
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS
Verified
9 Endorsed
Burbank, CA 91505
Hi, I’m Amy, and I believe you were made to impact the world in a unique and powerful way. Yes, I’m talking about you! Maybe you don’t believe me right now…Maybe you’re feeling stuck, or weighed down by life’s burdens. Maybe you’re scared, disconnected, overwhelmed, or lonely…Maybe you’re grieving, or feeling like you don’t know who you are anymore…
Hi, I’m Amy, and I believe you were made to impact the world in a unique and powerful way. Yes, I’m talking about you! Maybe you don’t believe me right now…Maybe you’re feeling stuck, or weighed down by life’s burdens. Maybe you’re scared, disconnected, overwhelmed, or lonely…Maybe you’re grieving, or feeling like you don’t know who you are anymore…
(626) 325-0893 View (626) 325-0893
Photo of Thomasine Shepard, Marriage & Family Therapist in Burbank, CA
Thomasine Shepard
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
Burbank, CA 91504  (Online Only)
You never imagined starting a family would be this way. You're overwhelmed, tired, and the loneliness is unbearable. Pregnancy, miscarriage, and becoming a new parent can leave you (or your partner) feeling depressed, anxious, and hopeless. Many women who are pregnant or a new parent suffer in silence; feeling like they can't tell anyone about what they're going though. Anxiety and depression do not have to control your life. I'm here to help and give you the tools you need to survive.
You never imagined starting a family would be this way. You're overwhelmed, tired, and the loneliness is unbearable. Pregnancy, miscarriage, and becoming a new parent can leave you (or your partner) feeling depressed, anxious, and hopeless. Many women who are pregnant or a new parent suffer in silence; feeling like they can't tell anyone about what they're going though. Anxiety and depression do not have to control your life. I'm here to help and give you the tools you need to survive.
(818) 616-6402 View (818) 616-6402
Photo of Michael Porco, Marriage & Family Therapist in Burbank, CA
Michael Porco
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified
2 Endorsed
Burbank, CA 91506
Therapy for COMEDIANS dealing with anxiety and depression. Being a comedian isn't easy. While your friends are getting married, having children and buying mansions back home, you’re schlepping yourself to open mic nights and chasing your dream, well at least before the pandemic. You’re emotionally vulnerable on stage and worry about going viral for the wrong reasons. It’s hard to share these fears with others. Comics get it but they’re too busy doing shtick rather than listening to you. And if you’re a female comic, it's worse because you’re mostly surrounded by male comics and battling lame societal stereotypes. I can help.
Therapy for COMEDIANS dealing with anxiety and depression. Being a comedian isn't easy. While your friends are getting married, having children and buying mansions back home, you’re schlepping yourself to open mic nights and chasing your dream, well at least before the pandemic. You’re emotionally vulnerable on stage and worry about going viral for the wrong reasons. It’s hard to share these fears with others. Comics get it but they’re too busy doing shtick rather than listening to you. And if you’re a female comic, it's worse because you’re mostly surrounded by male comics and battling lame societal stereotypes. I can help.
(310) 307-3961 View (310) 307-3961
Photo of Julia Curran, Pre-Licensed Professional in Burbank, CA
Julia Curran
Pre-Licensed Professional, BA, MFA, MSW
Verified
2 Endorsed
Burbank, CA 91505  (Online Only)
Hello and Welcome. Our agency offers affordable, low-cost, telehealth/online therapy exclusively in California. My name is Julia Curran. My approach to therapy is collaborative and focuses on insight, empowerment, and making meaningful changes in life. I offer support around anxiety, depression, grief and loss, managing chronic illness, navigating life transitions, sexuality and gender, traumatic experiences, improving relationships, and contemporary existential crises. I am particularly interested in mindfulness, attachment, and neurobiological perspectives in therapy. I am bilingual in English and French.
Hello and Welcome. Our agency offers affordable, low-cost, telehealth/online therapy exclusively in California. My name is Julia Curran. My approach to therapy is collaborative and focuses on insight, empowerment, and making meaningful changes in life. I offer support around anxiety, depression, grief and loss, managing chronic illness, navigating life transitions, sexuality and gender, traumatic experiences, improving relationships, and contemporary existential crises. I am particularly interested in mindfulness, attachment, and neurobiological perspectives in therapy. I am bilingual in English and French.
(818) 873-0531 View (818) 873-0531
Photo of Maggie Reid, Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor in Burbank, CA
Maggie Reid
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, LPCC, REAT
Verified
Burbank, CA 91505  (Online Only)
While I am a regular talk therapist, I can also include the arts in our sessions. I have years of experience working with Parents and kids; as a nanny, a family manager, and now as a therapist. Here is what I've helped people with: Parenting, postpartum issues, Sleep Training, NICU experience, Relationship with Spouse, Behavioral issues, and Organizing your life.
While I am a regular talk therapist, I can also include the arts in our sessions. I have years of experience working with Parents and kids; as a nanny, a family manager, and now as a therapist. Here is what I've helped people with: Parenting, postpartum issues, Sleep Training, NICU experience, Relationship with Spouse, Behavioral issues, and Organizing your life.
(818) 740-4423 View (818) 740-4423
Photo of Kristal Montoya, Marriage & Family Therapist in Burbank, CA
Kristal Montoya
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
Burbank, CA 91506  (Online Only)
I believe therapy is a place where a client can feel safe to express his/her/they concerns without being judged. This is a place where you can come and talk about things you can't talk about with anyone else. Clients come into therapy to find answers to questions they can't find on their own. My goal is for each client to be able to use the tools developed in therapy and take them into the outside world. This is a place where we, as a team, can set realistic goals that are reachable by you, the client. I want each client to take steps to become the heathiest version of themselves.
I believe therapy is a place where a client can feel safe to express his/her/they concerns without being judged. This is a place where you can come and talk about things you can't talk about with anyone else. Clients come into therapy to find answers to questions they can't find on their own. My goal is for each client to be able to use the tools developed in therapy and take them into the outside world. This is a place where we, as a team, can set realistic goals that are reachable by you, the client. I want each client to take steps to become the heathiest version of themselves.
(818) 814-9591 View (818) 814-9591
Photo of Elizabeth Carr, Marriage & Family Therapist in Burbank, CA
Elizabeth Carr
Marriage & Family Therapist, PhD, MA, MS, LMFT
Verified
Burbank, CA 91505
I have years of experience counseling both individuals and couples. My clients gain insight, heal from trauma, find ways to communicate and remain in long-term committed relationships, and are better able to realize their life goals. Areas of specialization include issues relating to anxiety and depression. My work with grief includes healing from the loss of loved ones, divorce, job change, and changes brought by illness. I enjoy helping people envision a fulfilling retirement and to embrace change. I teach breathing and meditation as ways of lifting depression, managing anxiety, and finding peace.
I have years of experience counseling both individuals and couples. My clients gain insight, heal from trauma, find ways to communicate and remain in long-term committed relationships, and are better able to realize their life goals. Areas of specialization include issues relating to anxiety and depression. My work with grief includes healing from the loss of loved ones, divorce, job change, and changes brought by illness. I enjoy helping people envision a fulfilling retirement and to embrace change. I teach breathing and meditation as ways of lifting depression, managing anxiety, and finding peace.
(310) 844-6638 View (310) 844-6638
Photo of Philip Ruddy, Marriage & Family Therapist in Burbank, CA
Philip Ruddy
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified
Burbank, CA 91502  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
Are you or someone you love struggling with anxiety, depression, relationship conflict, career pressures, or emotional blocks? Navigating the roller coaster ride of life can be a challenge. Having the right tools can be transformative, and therapy is a wonderful way to practice self care, and learn those tools. As a CA licensed Marriage and Family Therapist, I specialize in helping highly creative professionals ( writers, directors, producers, animators, musicians, comedians, and performers in Film, TV and New Media) reduce stress, transcend limiting beliefs, and bring about positive change in their life and relationships.
Are you or someone you love struggling with anxiety, depression, relationship conflict, career pressures, or emotional blocks? Navigating the roller coaster ride of life can be a challenge. Having the right tools can be transformative, and therapy is a wonderful way to practice self care, and learn those tools. As a CA licensed Marriage and Family Therapist, I specialize in helping highly creative professionals ( writers, directors, producers, animators, musicians, comedians, and performers in Film, TV and New Media) reduce stress, transcend limiting beliefs, and bring about positive change in their life and relationships.
(424) 322-7377 View (424) 322-7377
Photo of Blair Mcknight Reid, Marriage & Family Therapist in Burbank, CA
Blair Mcknight Reid
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT, 120579
Verified
3 Endorsed
Burbank, CA 91501
Will I ever catch up? Will I ever be good enough? Am I lovable at all? Sorting out life's struggles puts you in a place of fear, self-doubt, shame and isolation. You are not alone. I want to help you get unstuck. Empathy and compassion help to loosen the grip against self-criticism. Collaboratively we will discover and make meaning of the origin of these fears.
Will I ever catch up? Will I ever be good enough? Am I lovable at all? Sorting out life's struggles puts you in a place of fear, self-doubt, shame and isolation. You are not alone. I want to help you get unstuck. Empathy and compassion help to loosen the grip against self-criticism. Collaboratively we will discover and make meaning of the origin of these fears.
(424) 354-4491 View (424) 354-4491
Photo of Kate M O'Sullivan, Marriage & Family Therapist in Burbank, CA
Kate M O'Sullivan
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT, SEP
Verified
1 Endorsed
Burbank, CA 91505
Relationship issues, Co-Dependency, Emotional Eating, Trauma and Faith are my areas of clinical experience. Many of us have learned from important early relationships to mute or dismiss our needs, wants and emotions. We might then look to take care of those needs and wants by people pleasing, being over focused on food or weight, or other behaviors that eventually feel out of control. Trauma and or neglect can be at the core of these behaviors. Some people of faith experience difficult challenges in life and have a hard time integrating their faith with their lived experience.
Relationship issues, Co-Dependency, Emotional Eating, Trauma and Faith are my areas of clinical experience. Many of us have learned from important early relationships to mute or dismiss our needs, wants and emotions. We might then look to take care of those needs and wants by people pleasing, being over focused on food or weight, or other behaviors that eventually feel out of control. Trauma and or neglect can be at the core of these behaviors. Some people of faith experience difficult challenges in life and have a hard time integrating their faith with their lived experience.
(818) 938-2229 View (818) 938-2229

See more therapy options for Burbank

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Burbank, CA

500+

Average cost per session

$170

Therapists in Burbank, CA who prioritize treating:

94% Anxiety
91% Depression
84% Relationship Issues
79% Self Esteem
69% Trauma and PTSD
68% Grief
68% Coping Skills

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

60% Cigna and Evernorth
58% Aetna
56% Optum

How Therapists in Burbank, CA see their clients

67% In Person and Online
33% Online Only

Gender breakdown

79% Female
20% Male
1% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Burbank?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.