Therapists in Aptos, CA

Photo of Amy Gregg, Psychologist in Aptos, CA
Amy Gregg
Psychologist, PhD, MA
Verified Verified
Aptos, CA 95003  (Online Only)
I want to hear what you have to say, supporting you with compassion and insight. Who are you at your deepest, truest self? I use the Feeling Good model of CBT and EMDR (Flash and regular EMDR) to help bring awareness to your inner processes, effectively releasing emotion, negative thoughts, and healing trauma. Learn to offer yourself loving kindness and neutrally observe what you are feeling and thinking. Practice self care to to treat yourself as your own best friend. Enlightenment is possible and is an ongoing journey of deepening that awareness.
I want to hear what you have to say, supporting you with compassion and insight. Who are you at your deepest, truest self? I use the Feeling Good model of CBT and EMDR (Flash and regular EMDR) to help bring awareness to your inner processes, effectively releasing emotion, negative thoughts, and healing trauma. Learn to offer yourself loving kindness and neutrally observe what you are feeling and thinking. Practice self care to to treat yourself as your own best friend. Enlightenment is possible and is an ongoing journey of deepening that awareness.
(831) 800-2381 View (831) 800-2381
Photo of Ashley Marie Boyd in Aptos, CA
Ashley Marie Boyd
MHt, MNLP, MSc, MTT, EFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Aptos, CA 95003
I’m here to help you Create your Dream Life by setting & achieving your goals, overcome blocks, set new patterns & tap into your Alignment, Embodiment & Empowerment. My focus is on guiding you to your inner wisdom, transforming your relationship to self, forming new beliefs & patterns while rediscovering your unique talents. By working together my aim is to support you in achieving your hearts desires, achieving success & helping you flourish in your life. We will take a holistic approach that respects the interconnectedness of mind, body, and spirit. I believe in your innate wisdom, wholeness, resilience, and capacity for growth.
I’m here to help you Create your Dream Life by setting & achieving your goals, overcome blocks, set new patterns & tap into your Alignment, Embodiment & Empowerment. My focus is on guiding you to your inner wisdom, transforming your relationship to self, forming new beliefs & patterns while rediscovering your unique talents. By working together my aim is to support you in achieving your hearts desires, achieving success & helping you flourish in your life. We will take a holistic approach that respects the interconnectedness of mind, body, and spirit. I believe in your innate wisdom, wholeness, resilience, and capacity for growth.
(831) 603-2357 View (831) 603-2357
Photo of Joshua Lowe, Marriage & Family Therapist in Aptos, CA
Joshua Lowe
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, MAEd
Verified Verified
Aptos, CA 95003
My commitment to all my clients is to provide empathy, compassion, and curiosity in order to support authentic expression of feelings and needs. The path towards authentic expression is unique to the individual depending on their background, their experience with therapy and their specific therapeutic goals and so I offer various therapeutic interventions, to support authentic self expression and healing. I value both the exploration of one's past as well as here and now functioning through mindfulness practice. Using a holistic approach and focusing on the client's strengths and insights, the journey towards wholeness begins.
My commitment to all my clients is to provide empathy, compassion, and curiosity in order to support authentic expression of feelings and needs. The path towards authentic expression is unique to the individual depending on their background, their experience with therapy and their specific therapeutic goals and so I offer various therapeutic interventions, to support authentic self expression and healing. I value both the exploration of one's past as well as here and now functioning through mindfulness practice. Using a holistic approach and focusing on the client's strengths and insights, the journey towards wholeness begins.
(831) 665-6770 View (831) 665-6770
Photo of Maribel Madrigal, Marriage & Family Therapist in Aptos, CA
Maribel Madrigal
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
Aptos, CA 95003
Supporting, women and young adults to develop and restore reconnection with self. Life stages can take us through uncertainty, panic, fear of the unknown, questioning safety, disconnection of self, and feeling out control. Together, we will process how to connect with vulnerable, unseen parts of self to discover feelings of self worth, value, cultural safety, acceptance, freedom, and healing. My specialties are; relational challenges, anxiety, depression, self-esteem, trauma, boundaries, and life transitions, with 10 years of experience.
Supporting, women and young adults to develop and restore reconnection with self. Life stages can take us through uncertainty, panic, fear of the unknown, questioning safety, disconnection of self, and feeling out control. Together, we will process how to connect with vulnerable, unseen parts of self to discover feelings of self worth, value, cultural safety, acceptance, freedom, and healing. My specialties are; relational challenges, anxiety, depression, self-esteem, trauma, boundaries, and life transitions, with 10 years of experience.
(831) 290-6238 x10 View (831) 290-6238 x10
Photo of Joel Stiles, Psychologist in Aptos, CA
Joel Stiles
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Aptos, CA 95003
Often life presents us with difficulties and painful challenges. I can help whether your intention is to heal from past or current emotional struggles or to improve relationships. Together we can explore your strengths as well as your difficulties to find solutions. I work with individuals, couples, and families to strengthen relationships and improve communication. I have a strong appreciation for diversity and believe each individual has unique gifts. I am skilled in responding to your individual needs with compassion and respect.
Often life presents us with difficulties and painful challenges. I can help whether your intention is to heal from past or current emotional struggles or to improve relationships. Together we can explore your strengths as well as your difficulties to find solutions. I work with individuals, couples, and families to strengthen relationships and improve communication. I have a strong appreciation for diversity and believe each individual has unique gifts. I am skilled in responding to your individual needs with compassion and respect.
(831) 278-3136 x14 View (831) 278-3136 x14
Photo of Darcy Cavanaugh, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in Aptos, CA
Darcy Cavanaugh
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MA, AMFT, APCC
Verified Verified
Aptos, CA 95003
So glad that you are here. Whether you are struggling with something that has recently arisen, or are ready to dive into healing the past, I am here to support you in your journey. I am a Somatic based psychotherapist who works to integrate trauma through safely accessing the body and mind. LGBTQIA affirmative and diversity oriented, I aim to address underlying systems of power within and surrounding each of us. In doing so, I work in a way that supports and nurtures whatever shows up.
So glad that you are here. Whether you are struggling with something that has recently arisen, or are ready to dive into healing the past, I am here to support you in your journey. I am a Somatic based psychotherapist who works to integrate trauma through safely accessing the body and mind. LGBTQIA affirmative and diversity oriented, I aim to address underlying systems of power within and surrounding each of us. In doing so, I work in a way that supports and nurtures whatever shows up.
(831) 201-1994 View (831) 201-1994
Photo of Dustin Adler, Marriage & Family Therapist in Aptos, CA
Dustin Adler
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Aptos, CA 95003  (Online Only)
Are you waking up already consumed by stress, anxiety, and feeling exhausted? Or each day starts off heavy with the burden of an overwhelming life? Whether you’re feeling totally hopeless, the darkness of depression has overtaken you, you have lost your sense of purpose, or are deflated in your career or your relationship, I CAN help. Together, we’ll get to the root of where your pain comes from, learn what truly drives you, and discover parts of your identity that have long disappeared. You’ll learn tools to get out of your own way, stop judging yourself, and break free from the painful cycles that you have been stuck in.
Are you waking up already consumed by stress, anxiety, and feeling exhausted? Or each day starts off heavy with the burden of an overwhelming life? Whether you’re feeling totally hopeless, the darkness of depression has overtaken you, you have lost your sense of purpose, or are deflated in your career or your relationship, I CAN help. Together, we’ll get to the root of where your pain comes from, learn what truly drives you, and discover parts of your identity that have long disappeared. You’ll learn tools to get out of your own way, stop judging yourself, and break free from the painful cycles that you have been stuck in.
(442) 218-3142 View (442) 218-3142
Photo of Emily Cross, Marriage & Family Therapist in Aptos, CA
Emily Cross
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Aptos, CA 95003
I have a passion for working with people who are hurting and trying to figure out how to cope with life's struggles. I do not believe we are meant to barely survive, just getting by, day to day. I believe we are meant to thrive and find ways to enjoy life, even when going through hard times. I also believe mental illness such as depression is a healing emotion alerting us something must change in order to nurture our self. I would love to meet you and see if we make a good fit.
I have a passion for working with people who are hurting and trying to figure out how to cope with life's struggles. I do not believe we are meant to barely survive, just getting by, day to day. I believe we are meant to thrive and find ways to enjoy life, even when going through hard times. I also believe mental illness such as depression is a healing emotion alerting us something must change in order to nurture our self. I would love to meet you and see if we make a good fit.
(831) 263-4720 x08 View (831) 263-4720 x08
Photo of Roscelia Madrigal, Marriage & Family Therapist in Aptos, CA
Roscelia Madrigal
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT , CTT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Aptos, CA 95003
You are pushing through life and aware of what you want but you are stuck. You struggle to apply what you already know leaving you anxious and confused. You are committed to your growth and have a desire to improve but something is blocking you from acheiving your goals. You want to improve your relationship with yourself and your relationships with others, but you need help developing healthier boundaries. You just want to feel happy and be you, but at times you don’t feel You is good enough.
You are pushing through life and aware of what you want but you are stuck. You struggle to apply what you already know leaving you anxious and confused. You are committed to your growth and have a desire to improve but something is blocking you from acheiving your goals. You want to improve your relationship with yourself and your relationships with others, but you need help developing healthier boundaries. You just want to feel happy and be you, but at times you don’t feel You is good enough.
(831) 208-3288 View (831) 208-3288
Photo of Bob Gallo, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Aptos, CA
Bob Gallo
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, BCD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Aptos, CA 95003
I enjoy being a psychotherapist and take pride in doing good work. Being in the field for 30 years has given me a broad range of experience and knowledge that I bring to my practice. Besides helping with recent and long-standing concerns or difficulties, therapy can also play an important role in furthering one's personal and spiritual growth. I maintain a diverse practice working with people who seek assistance for a wide range of concerns/hopes related to depression, anxiety, relationships, parenting, self-esteem/self-worth, life transitions, life direction and purpose, trauma, grief, etc.
I enjoy being a psychotherapist and take pride in doing good work. Being in the field for 30 years has given me a broad range of experience and knowledge that I bring to my practice. Besides helping with recent and long-standing concerns or difficulties, therapy can also play an important role in furthering one's personal and spiritual growth. I maintain a diverse practice working with people who seek assistance for a wide range of concerns/hopes related to depression, anxiety, relationships, parenting, self-esteem/self-worth, life transitions, life direction and purpose, trauma, grief, etc.
(831) 768-8384 View (831) 768-8384
Photo of Pia Litz, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Aptos, CA
Pia Litz
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Aptos, CA 95003  (Online Only)
Imagine; you are able to shift harsh self criticism, insecurity, people pleasing, perfectionism, impostor syndrome, codependency, & feeling “stuck” in one or more areas of life. You can finally experience self love and acceptance, fulfilling intimacy, great health, & the ability to enjoy your achievements. You unapologetically set limits &boundaries that are in support of your needs & desires, & let yourself rise into a life where you actually have everything you want because you know in your bones just how worthy you are.
Imagine; you are able to shift harsh self criticism, insecurity, people pleasing, perfectionism, impostor syndrome, codependency, & feeling “stuck” in one or more areas of life. You can finally experience self love and acceptance, fulfilling intimacy, great health, & the ability to enjoy your achievements. You unapologetically set limits &boundaries that are in support of your needs & desires, & let yourself rise into a life where you actually have everything you want because you know in your bones just how worthy you are.
(408) 317-4773 View (408) 317-4773
Photo of Lorrine Ruth Carrara-Costello, Marriage & Family Therapist in Aptos, CA
Lorrine Ruth Carrara-Costello
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Aptos, CA 95003  (Online Only)
In our busy lives we often don't have the opportunity or permission to express our deepest fears, the paralyzing effects of shame, disappointments, regrets and confusion. I am a firm believer in creating optimism by encouraging and gently challenging clients to reach for their goals; always looking at possibilities and opportunities.
In our busy lives we often don't have the opportunity or permission to express our deepest fears, the paralyzing effects of shame, disappointments, regrets and confusion. I am a firm believer in creating optimism by encouraging and gently challenging clients to reach for their goals; always looking at possibilities and opportunities.
(831) 708-0445 View (831) 708-0445
Photo of Craig Rothhammer, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Aptos, CA
Craig Rothhammer
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Aptos, CA 95003  (Online Only)
I am a highly experienced practitioner with 43 years of clinical experience, willing to work with more complex cases. I have a calm demeanor (California beach style) but communicate directly, with transparency and tact. My goal is assist you in developing the skills and insights to approach a vast array of situations., with a higher degree of success. I seek to provide the means to manage immediate issues, but also techniques to become more independent in facing the inevitable future challenges of life. I have seen exclusively Kaiser NorCal clients.
I am a highly experienced practitioner with 43 years of clinical experience, willing to work with more complex cases. I have a calm demeanor (California beach style) but communicate directly, with transparency and tact. My goal is assist you in developing the skills and insights to approach a vast array of situations., with a higher degree of success. I seek to provide the means to manage immediate issues, but also techniques to become more independent in facing the inevitable future challenges of life. I have seen exclusively Kaiser NorCal clients.
(562) 352-1243 View (562) 352-1243
Photo of Cheryl Jacques, Psychologist in Aptos, CA
Cheryl Jacques
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Aptos, CA 95003
Waitlist for new clients
My background and training is psychoanalytic psychotherapy and psychoanalysis, which I offer to individuals, teens and couples. Together we work towards a deeper understanding of yourself and parts of you not yet well integrated into wholeness. We work collaboratively to resolve personal and interpersonal conflicts, and seek to improve your mood and behavior with compassionate understanding. Symptoms can arise from a traumatic and abusive history and I help you to heal from those experiences. I offer Ketamine Assisted Psychotherapy (KAP) in collaboration with Journey Clinical to qualified individuals as an assist in treatment.
My background and training is psychoanalytic psychotherapy and psychoanalysis, which I offer to individuals, teens and couples. Together we work towards a deeper understanding of yourself and parts of you not yet well integrated into wholeness. We work collaboratively to resolve personal and interpersonal conflicts, and seek to improve your mood and behavior with compassionate understanding. Symptoms can arise from a traumatic and abusive history and I help you to heal from those experiences. I offer Ketamine Assisted Psychotherapy (KAP) in collaboration with Journey Clinical to qualified individuals as an assist in treatment.
(510) 653-0678 View (510) 653-0678
Photo of Laura Kurek, Marriage & Family Therapist in Aptos, CA
Laura Kurek
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Aptos, CA 95003
Are you tired of facing the same struggle, over and over again? The same marriage problems...the same anxious feeling when you wake up and go to sleep...the same stress that never leaves you in peace...the same sense of hopelessness and loneliness. You've tried to feel better - to improve things - but nothing ever changes and you're right back where you started. I can help. I specialize in helping people to leave behind the struggles, patterns and habits that keep their lives stuck on repeat, opening the door to a life of connection, wholeness and peace.
Are you tired of facing the same struggle, over and over again? The same marriage problems...the same anxious feeling when you wake up and go to sleep...the same stress that never leaves you in peace...the same sense of hopelessness and loneliness. You've tried to feel better - to improve things - but nothing ever changes and you're right back where you started. I can help. I specialize in helping people to leave behind the struggles, patterns and habits that keep their lives stuck on repeat, opening the door to a life of connection, wholeness and peace.
(831) 263-0773 x15 View (831) 263-0773 x15
Photo of Whitney E Burgess, Marriage & Family Therapist in Aptos, CA
Whitney E Burgess
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Aptos, CA 95003  (Online Only)
In my practice, I draw upon evidence-based practices and support a holistic approach to therapy. Every intervention I offer is carefully tailored to honor the unique essence of every individual. Whether gently weaving in somatic-focused techniques, navigating interpersonal dynamics, or gently guiding mindfulness practices; my intention is to create a nurturing space for you to make meaning and increase your quality of living.
In my practice, I draw upon evidence-based practices and support a holistic approach to therapy. Every intervention I offer is carefully tailored to honor the unique essence of every individual. Whether gently weaving in somatic-focused techniques, navigating interpersonal dynamics, or gently guiding mindfulness practices; my intention is to create a nurturing space for you to make meaning and increase your quality of living.
(831) 740-3125 View (831) 740-3125
Photo of Erin Liana Johnson, Counselor in Aptos, CA
Erin Liana Johnson
Counselor, MA, LPCC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Aptos, CA 95003
Waitlist for new clients
If you have been living with chronic pain or illness your relationship to your physicality may currently feel jarred, broken, or thrown off course. You may be grieving the life you thought you would have, or feeling weighed down by addressing day to day challenges. If you are seeking to repair your relationship between yourself and your body, gain new coping skills, and challenge current paradigms, I would be a great fit for you!
If you have been living with chronic pain or illness your relationship to your physicality may currently feel jarred, broken, or thrown off course. You may be grieving the life you thought you would have, or feeling weighed down by addressing day to day challenges. If you are seeking to repair your relationship between yourself and your body, gain new coping skills, and challenge current paradigms, I would be a great fit for you!
(831) 215-4138 View (831) 215-4138
Photo of Kim Goldman, Psychologist in Aptos, CA
Kim Goldman
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Aptos, CA 95001  (Online Only)
Hello and welcome! I'm a clinical psychologist specializing in supporting adults and elders. My therapeutic approach is creating a safe, non-judgmental, and empathetic supportive professional relationship. I offer compassionate therapy that caters to your unique needs. Through a client-centered approach, I will work to help you navigate life's ups and downs. My work focuses on using evidence-based techniques, including Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Mindfulness, to expand your coping skills.
Hello and welcome! I'm a clinical psychologist specializing in supporting adults and elders. My therapeutic approach is creating a safe, non-judgmental, and empathetic supportive professional relationship. I offer compassionate therapy that caters to your unique needs. Through a client-centered approach, I will work to help you navigate life's ups and downs. My work focuses on using evidence-based techniques, including Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Mindfulness, to expand your coping skills.
(831) 215-5053 View (831) 215-5053
Photo of Jessica Brohmer, Marriage & Family Therapist in Aptos, CA
Jessica Brohmer
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Aptos, CA 95003  (Online Only)
When someone important to you has died, grief therapy can help unpack the layers of emotions and memories. Every new loss can bring up memories of past losses, and each year the grief can return during anniversaries, birthdays, holidays, and other events. Modern culture often doesn't know what to do with grief, and the people around you don't know how to respond to your sadness and pain, either treating you like you're fragile or expecting you to move on like nothing happened. You need support through your grief where you can process the loss at your own pace.
When someone important to you has died, grief therapy can help unpack the layers of emotions and memories. Every new loss can bring up memories of past losses, and each year the grief can return during anniversaries, birthdays, holidays, and other events. Modern culture often doesn't know what to do with grief, and the people around you don't know how to respond to your sadness and pain, either treating you like you're fragile or expecting you to move on like nothing happened. You need support through your grief where you can process the loss at your own pace.
(831) 219-2285 View (831) 219-2285
Photo of Stan Einhorn, Psychologist in Aptos, CA
Stan Einhorn
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Aptos, CA 95003  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
Hello, thank you for taking the time to see if I am a good fit for you as a therapist. Helping people discover their own solutions to improve their lives is truly rewarding for me. I will help you find your path to these solutions. I offer a safe and accepting space in which we explore the issues that challenge you in the present and how that may relate to emotional burdens of the past. Together we work to heal old wounds so that they no longer negatively impact decisions, relationships, or patterns of behaviors in your present life.
Hello, thank you for taking the time to see if I am a good fit for you as a therapist. Helping people discover their own solutions to improve their lives is truly rewarding for me. I will help you find your path to these solutions. I offer a safe and accepting space in which we explore the issues that challenge you in the present and how that may relate to emotional burdens of the past. Together we work to heal old wounds so that they no longer negatively impact decisions, relationships, or patterns of behaviors in your present life.
(831) 278-4932 View (831) 278-4932

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Aptos, CA

100+

Average cost per session

$160

Therapists in Aptos, CA who prioritize treating:

90% Depression
90% Anxiety
88% Relationship Issues
75% Self Esteem
72% Trauma and PTSD
71% Grief
64% Coping Skills

Average years in practice

16 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

34% Aetna
33% Other
31% MHN | Health Net

How Therapists in Aptos, CA see their clients

80% In Person and Online
20% Online Only

Gender breakdown

74% Female
26% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Aptos?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.