Therapists in Altadena, CA

Photo of Ashley McDaniel Counseling, Marriage & Family Therapist in Altadena, CA
Ashley McDaniel Counseling
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified
2 Endorsed
Altadena, CA 91001  (Online Only)
Reclaim your peace, confidence and life. I've helped many women and teens understand and overcome their feelings of anxiety and depression. I take a caring and non-judgmental approach to explore the reasons behind these struggles, with the goal of helping you thrive. Don't wait to take care of your mental health – you're important, and I'm here to support you. Reach out today for a free consultation call.
Reclaim your peace, confidence and life. I've helped many women and teens understand and overcome their feelings of anxiety and depression. I take a caring and non-judgmental approach to explore the reasons behind these struggles, with the goal of helping you thrive. Don't wait to take care of your mental health – you're important, and I'm here to support you. Reach out today for a free consultation call.
(323) 746-0562 View (323) 746-0562
Photo of Manatee, Psychologist in Altadena, CA
Manatee
Psychologist
Verified
Altadena, CA 91001  (Online Only)
Parenting is hard, not because you’re doing it wrong… but because it is! Because Manatee’s focus is strengthening the entire family, we also have a team of parent coaches, to help you become the parent you’re destined to be. During your free consultation, we’ll help you figure out whether coaching, therapy, or both, is the right fit for your family.
Parenting is hard, not because you’re doing it wrong… but because it is! Because Manatee’s focus is strengthening the entire family, we also have a team of parent coaches, to help you become the parent you’re destined to be. During your free consultation, we’ll help you figure out whether coaching, therapy, or both, is the right fit for your family.
(213) 558-4348 View (213) 558-4348
Photo of Andrea Cabrera Jakucs, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Altadena, CA
Andrea Cabrera Jakucs
Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Verified
Altadena, CA 91001  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
Are you feeling sad more often than usual? feeling a lot of stress or anxious due to work, the pandemic, or family demands? feeling irritable towards your partner? needing someone to talk to about a traumatic event or losing a loved one? If any of the things listed above relates to you then psychotherapy may help. I admire you for being BRAVE & looking into psychotherapy so pat yourself on the back. As a social worker, I provide psychotherapy to guide & support you as you improve your life.
Are you feeling sad more often than usual? feeling a lot of stress or anxious due to work, the pandemic, or family demands? feeling irritable towards your partner? needing someone to talk to about a traumatic event or losing a loved one? If any of the things listed above relates to you then psychotherapy may help. I admire you for being BRAVE & looking into psychotherapy so pat yourself on the back. As a social worker, I provide psychotherapy to guide & support you as you improve your life.
(626) 618-8577 View (626) 618-8577
Photo of Kira Tirimacco, Marriage & Family Therapist in Altadena, CA
Kira Tirimacco
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified
3 Endorsed
Altadena, CA 91001
Let me help. In these dark and complicated times, our lives and culture are more complex and stressful than ever before, often taking a toll on our relationships. This is often the reason clients seek therapy - the relationship with ourselves, our loved ones, our community, and the world powerfully defines whether or not we feel safe and satisfied with our life. I'd like to help you deepen your awareness of how you relate to yourself and others and support you in navigating your world. We will work toward increasing your resiliency and making change, if that's what you want and need.
Let me help. In these dark and complicated times, our lives and culture are more complex and stressful than ever before, often taking a toll on our relationships. This is often the reason clients seek therapy - the relationship with ourselves, our loved ones, our community, and the world powerfully defines whether or not we feel safe and satisfied with our life. I'd like to help you deepen your awareness of how you relate to yourself and others and support you in navigating your world. We will work toward increasing your resiliency and making change, if that's what you want and need.
(323) 886-9721 View (323) 886-9721
Photo of Tram Vu, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Altadena, CA
Tram Vu
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Altadena, CA 91001
My name is Tram Vu, LCSW76967. I have worked with clients of all ages. For the past 13 years, I've dedicated my time to providing therapy and coaching to children and their families.
My name is Tram Vu, LCSW76967. I have worked with clients of all ages. For the past 13 years, I've dedicated my time to providing therapy and coaching to children and their families.
(323) 379-0892 View (323) 379-0892
Photo of Erin Wurtemberg, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Altadena, CA
Erin Wurtemberg
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Altadena, CA 91001  (Online Only)
Hello, you fantastic human, you! Are you looking for a trustworthy guide to walk with you on the path towards change, healing, and purpose? I work with children and adults whose challenges may relate to anxiety, depression, parenting, identity, trauma, spiritual wounding, and substance use. Are you wanting to develop your coping skills or your ability to experience your emotions? Are you wondering why you keep engaging in undesirable behaviors? Are you curious about exploring where you've been and determining where you're heading in your story? You’re the author. Let’s discover what’s next.
Hello, you fantastic human, you! Are you looking for a trustworthy guide to walk with you on the path towards change, healing, and purpose? I work with children and adults whose challenges may relate to anxiety, depression, parenting, identity, trauma, spiritual wounding, and substance use. Are you wanting to develop your coping skills or your ability to experience your emotions? Are you wondering why you keep engaging in undesirable behaviors? Are you curious about exploring where you've been and determining where you're heading in your story? You’re the author. Let’s discover what’s next.
(626) 415-0986 View (626) 415-0986
Photo of Dr. Carole Goguen, Psychologist in Altadena, CA
Dr. Carole Goguen
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
8 Endorsed
Altadena, CA 91001  (Online Only)
I specialize in helping people plagued by imposter syndrome, overwhelmed by life's pressures, or haunted by traumas to feel confident, calm, and secure. I use validated treatments tailored to your unique needs. Most of my clients achieve their therapeutic goals with short-term therapy while some benefit from more time with me. Whatever your needs, I'm here to equip you with skills to see yourself, others, and your life in a more helpful way.
I specialize in helping people plagued by imposter syndrome, overwhelmed by life's pressures, or haunted by traumas to feel confident, calm, and secure. I use validated treatments tailored to your unique needs. Most of my clients achieve their therapeutic goals with short-term therapy while some benefit from more time with me. Whatever your needs, I'm here to equip you with skills to see yourself, others, and your life in a more helpful way.
(626) 765-1846 View (626) 765-1846
Photo of Clarissa Castillo-Ramsey in Altadena, CA
Clarissa Castillo-Ramsey
PsyD
Altadena, CA 91001
New year, new you? Maybe it’s getting back who you really are at the core. You feel like something is “off.” That’s ok. You might have an idea (or too many ideas or none at all) of how you want to show up in the world. Maybe you’re worried about what other people will think if you step into the dream life you really want. Perhaps you’re a little scared of claiming it. Your big dreams of loving who you are, loving what you do (and who you work with) and being in full alignment could feel like mission impossible right now. The good news is it’s all possible. You just need to take a next step. I’d love to support you!
New year, new you? Maybe it’s getting back who you really are at the core. You feel like something is “off.” That’s ok. You might have an idea (or too many ideas or none at all) of how you want to show up in the world. Maybe you’re worried about what other people will think if you step into the dream life you really want. Perhaps you’re a little scared of claiming it. Your big dreams of loving who you are, loving what you do (and who you work with) and being in full alignment could feel like mission impossible right now. The good news is it’s all possible. You just need to take a next step. I’d love to support you!
(818) 293-4545 View (818) 293-4545
Photo of Betsy R Ginsburg, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in Altadena, CA
Betsy R Ginsburg
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MA, AMFT, APCC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Altadena, CA 91001  (Online Only)
At our cores, we are relational beings who thrive when we feel connected to ourselves, to each other, and to the world around us. When we endure painful experiences or simply learn to abandon our wants and needs in exchange for belonging and acceptance as children, we can become out of touch with our true nature, but therapy is often a process of leading us back (and forward). I often work with: deep thinkers and/or feelers, creatives/artists/performers, neurodivergents, therapists, and those who generally enjoy exploring their inner world for the purpose of increasing awareness, self-discovery, healing, and growth.
At our cores, we are relational beings who thrive when we feel connected to ourselves, to each other, and to the world around us. When we endure painful experiences or simply learn to abandon our wants and needs in exchange for belonging and acceptance as children, we can become out of touch with our true nature, but therapy is often a process of leading us back (and forward). I often work with: deep thinkers and/or feelers, creatives/artists/performers, neurodivergents, therapists, and those who generally enjoy exploring their inner world for the purpose of increasing awareness, self-discovery, healing, and growth.
(424) 378-5957 View (424) 378-5957
Photo of Carol Beecroft, Marriage & Family Therapist in Altadena, CA
Carol Beecroft
Marriage & Family Therapist, MFT
Verified
Altadena, CA 91001
When you feel need for change, when your inner and outer lives are out of synch, this may be a calling to seek meaning and new vitality. As a therapist, I work in an engaged, creative way with clients who wish to connect, explore and gain insight into their authentic feelings, needs and relationship patterns. My approach includes the emotional, body-mind, energetic and creative aspects of each individual who wishes to discover and bring the healing of new consciousness and healthy wholeheartedness into their lives. I am also able to provide you tools for solving problems with conflict, intimacy, relationships and communication.
When you feel need for change, when your inner and outer lives are out of synch, this may be a calling to seek meaning and new vitality. As a therapist, I work in an engaged, creative way with clients who wish to connect, explore and gain insight into their authentic feelings, needs and relationship patterns. My approach includes the emotional, body-mind, energetic and creative aspects of each individual who wishes to discover and bring the healing of new consciousness and healthy wholeheartedness into their lives. I am also able to provide you tools for solving problems with conflict, intimacy, relationships and communication.
(626) 550-2131 View (626) 550-2131
Photo of Arman Ter-Grigoryan, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in Altadena, CA
Arman Ter-Grigoryan
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, LMFT
Altadena, CA 91001
Hi my name is Arman and provide people with mental health services. I primarily work with adolescents, adults, families and couples and I specialize in managing stress/anxiety/worry, overthinking, depression, trauma/PTSD, grief and substance abuse. I use a post modern approach; motivational/encouragement based solution focused therapy, CBT, person centered, reality and psychodynamic therapy to assist my clients in accomplishing their goals.
Hi my name is Arman and provide people with mental health services. I primarily work with adolescents, adults, families and couples and I specialize in managing stress/anxiety/worry, overthinking, depression, trauma/PTSD, grief and substance abuse. I use a post modern approach; motivational/encouragement based solution focused therapy, CBT, person centered, reality and psychodynamic therapy to assist my clients in accomplishing their goals.
(626) 469-5456 View (626) 469-5456
Photo of Jacqueline Galindo, Marriage & Family Therapist in Altadena, CA
Jacqueline Galindo
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
Altadena, CA 91001
Hello! My name is Jackie Galindo-Johnson. I am a Licensed Marriage and Family therapist. My approach to therapy is gentle but direct; I move at the client's pace, therefore making me more client-centered. I am client-centered, meaning you steer the ship, and I'm here to make sure you don't hit the iceberg, so to speak. I have had experience in various therapeutic settings, such as juvenile halls, school-based therapy, and private practice. I chose to work for the private practice because I enjoy the array of clients I work with. I always knew I wanted to help people; I just wasn't sure in what setting.
Hello! My name is Jackie Galindo-Johnson. I am a Licensed Marriage and Family therapist. My approach to therapy is gentle but direct; I move at the client's pace, therefore making me more client-centered. I am client-centered, meaning you steer the ship, and I'm here to make sure you don't hit the iceberg, so to speak. I have had experience in various therapeutic settings, such as juvenile halls, school-based therapy, and private practice. I chose to work for the private practice because I enjoy the array of clients I work with. I always knew I wanted to help people; I just wasn't sure in what setting.
(323) 210-4682 View (323) 210-4682
Photo of Maha Nasrallah-Babenko, Psychologist in Altadena, CA
Maha Nasrallah-Babenko
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
2 Endorsed
Altadena, CA 91001
Many people experience challenges in their sexual and relationship life and might be feeling alone or ashamed. Maybe you are struggling with intercourse, desire, arousal, pleasure, pain, performance anxiety, or shame around sex. Or maybe you've been disconnected from your partner, feel stuck in your conflict patterns, or are going through transitions or difficulties in your relationship. Everyone deserves a healthy and fulfilling intimate life. No matter your age or relationship stage, you can create a more meaningful and positive connection with yourself and your partner.
Many people experience challenges in their sexual and relationship life and might be feeling alone or ashamed. Maybe you are struggling with intercourse, desire, arousal, pleasure, pain, performance anxiety, or shame around sex. Or maybe you've been disconnected from your partner, feel stuck in your conflict patterns, or are going through transitions or difficulties in your relationship. Everyone deserves a healthy and fulfilling intimate life. No matter your age or relationship stage, you can create a more meaningful and positive connection with yourself and your partner.
(323) 443-3324 View (323) 443-3324
Photo of Dr Robert Lundquist, Marriage & Family Therapist in Altadena, CA
Dr Robert Lundquist
Marriage & Family Therapist, PsyD
Verified
Altadena, CA 91001
As a contemporary psychoanalyst who specializes in attachments, and how they evolve throughout the lifespan, my focus is on three themes, your emotional life, your relational life, and the skills you will need to make the first two work. How do I do this? Through empathy, imagination, compassion, and collaboration, and humor. I may be an expert on the process of therapy, but you are the authority on your self, as well as your thoughts and feelings on those you love or hope to love. There is one more thing: as a poet, I believe in everyone developing personal passion
As a contemporary psychoanalyst who specializes in attachments, and how they evolve throughout the lifespan, my focus is on three themes, your emotional life, your relational life, and the skills you will need to make the first two work. How do I do this? Through empathy, imagination, compassion, and collaboration, and humor. I may be an expert on the process of therapy, but you are the authority on your self, as well as your thoughts and feelings on those you love or hope to love. There is one more thing: as a poet, I believe in everyone developing personal passion
(626) 375-5034 View (626) 375-5034
Photo of DANIEL Pimentel, Psychological Associate in Altadena, CA
DANIEL Pimentel
Psychological Associate, LMFT
Verified
Altadena, CA 91001  (Online Only)
At times, we find ourselves overwhelmed by stress and feeling trapped. I aim to offer guidance during emotional turbulence, relational strife, and disruptive behavior. I collaborate with you to enhance your self-awareness by employing a patient and inquisitive approach. Through self-awareness, you can cultivate a nurturing and empathetic bond with yourself, enabling you to navigate life's fluctuations with greater ease and foster deeper connections with loved ones.
At times, we find ourselves overwhelmed by stress and feeling trapped. I aim to offer guidance during emotional turbulence, relational strife, and disruptive behavior. I collaborate with you to enhance your self-awareness by employing a patient and inquisitive approach. Through self-awareness, you can cultivate a nurturing and empathetic bond with yourself, enabling you to navigate life's fluctuations with greater ease and foster deeper connections with loved ones.
(323) 473-9381 View (323) 473-9381
Photo of Marie-Hélène Demers, Marriage & Family Therapist in Altadena, CA
Marie-Hélène Demers
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified
Altadena, CA 91001  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
I love working with individuals who are tired of feeling overwhelmed and controlled by their thoughts and emotions. If you feel like you've been stuck in a cycle of stress, anxiety, or trauma, I am here to help shift those patterns. Together, we will explore the connection between your mind and body, while increasing your awareness of your nervous system and its responses, enabling you to cultivate a sense of safety within yourself and the world around you.
I love working with individuals who are tired of feeling overwhelmed and controlled by their thoughts and emotions. If you feel like you've been stuck in a cycle of stress, anxiety, or trauma, I am here to help shift those patterns. Together, we will explore the connection between your mind and body, while increasing your awareness of your nervous system and its responses, enabling you to cultivate a sense of safety within yourself and the world around you.
(323) 673-3141 View (323) 673-3141
Photo of Jennifer Gustafson, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in Altadena, CA
Jennifer Gustafson
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MA, AMFT
Verified
3 Endorsed
Altadena, CA 91001  (Online Only)
Each person’s biopsychosocial make-up is unique and I believe that therapy should be tailored to fit each individual client within a safe, trusting, empathetic, nonjudgmental and collaborative relationship. My client is the expert. My job is to walk alongside my clients and to gently guide them in finding a more positive and healthier path forward toward self-compassion and self-acceptance. Life is complicated and unpredictable and we all need extra support sometimes to help us navigate life’s challenges.
Each person’s biopsychosocial make-up is unique and I believe that therapy should be tailored to fit each individual client within a safe, trusting, empathetic, nonjudgmental and collaborative relationship. My client is the expert. My job is to walk alongside my clients and to gently guide them in finding a more positive and healthier path forward toward self-compassion and self-acceptance. Life is complicated and unpredictable and we all need extra support sometimes to help us navigate life’s challenges.
(323) 498-3645 View (323) 498-3645
Photo of Dr. Cloda A. Jones, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Altadena, CA
Dr. Cloda A. Jones
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, PsyD, LCSW, LPCC, PPS, BICM
Verified
Altadena, CA 91001
Are you feeling stressed and unbalanced? More than ever, these times are uncertain. It is difficult to not feel anxious or concerned about the pandemic and current fires. In addition, there is work life, home life, and a myriad of other concerns. I specialize in couples/relationship therapy, helping define career goals, individual therapy, and bereavement counseling. I have over thirty years of solid counseling experience overall. I hold a Doctorate in Clinical Psychology, am a Credentialed School Psychologist, and have licenses as a Clinical School Worker and Clinical Professional Counselor. I am here to assist on your journey.
Are you feeling stressed and unbalanced? More than ever, these times are uncertain. It is difficult to not feel anxious or concerned about the pandemic and current fires. In addition, there is work life, home life, and a myriad of other concerns. I specialize in couples/relationship therapy, helping define career goals, individual therapy, and bereavement counseling. I have over thirty years of solid counseling experience overall. I hold a Doctorate in Clinical Psychology, am a Credentialed School Psychologist, and have licenses as a Clinical School Worker and Clinical Professional Counselor. I am here to assist on your journey.
(626) 605-6406 View (626) 605-6406
Photo of Martha Kahane, Psychologist in Altadena, CA
Martha Kahane
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
3 Endorsed
Altadena, CA 91001
The therapeutic relationship is a powerful vehicle for transformation. Through developing a trusting relationship where all feelings are welcome, I teach people to trust themselves and thus live more satisfying and authentic lives. My primary theoretical approach is object relations. This implies that relationships imprinted in early life play out and can be reworked in therapy wherein the client can internalize healthier ways of interacting. I am privileged to engage in this deeply personal process with people motivated by their suffering to find more effective ways to relate to themselves and others. I am also trained in EMDR.
The therapeutic relationship is a powerful vehicle for transformation. Through developing a trusting relationship where all feelings are welcome, I teach people to trust themselves and thus live more satisfying and authentic lives. My primary theoretical approach is object relations. This implies that relationships imprinted in early life play out and can be reworked in therapy wherein the client can internalize healthier ways of interacting. I am privileged to engage in this deeply personal process with people motivated by their suffering to find more effective ways to relate to themselves and others. I am also trained in EMDR.
(707) 901-7978 View (707) 901-7978
Photo of Jen Argue in Altadena, CA
Jen Argue
MA
1 Endorsed
Altadena, CA 91001
It's the end of a long day and instead of feeling satisfied, happy and ready to relax, you feel a sense of anxiety and possibly even dread just thinking about the next day. It's been happening so much, you almost expect it. Wishing things to be different hasn't gotten you anywhere. You know you're capable of peace and happiness, but lately, you're even wondering if that's even true. Whatever is holding you back- ADHD, a strained relationship, a worthiness wound, self-doubt, lack of confidence, or a thorny conflict at work- you're ready NOW for the support and guidance to fix it once and for all.
It's the end of a long day and instead of feeling satisfied, happy and ready to relax, you feel a sense of anxiety and possibly even dread just thinking about the next day. It's been happening so much, you almost expect it. Wishing things to be different hasn't gotten you anywhere. You know you're capable of peace and happiness, but lately, you're even wondering if that's even true. Whatever is holding you back- ADHD, a strained relationship, a worthiness wound, self-doubt, lack of confidence, or a thorny conflict at work- you're ready NOW for the support and guidance to fix it once and for all.
(323) 991-8344 View (323) 991-8344

See more therapy options for Altadena

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Altadena, CA

100+

Average cost per session

$175

Therapists in Altadena, CA who prioritize treating:

90% Depression
90% Anxiety
84% Relationship Issues
73% Self Esteem
68% Grief
68% Trauma and PTSD
65% Stress

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

69% Aetna
61% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
56% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in Altadena, CA see their clients

79% In Person and Online
21% Online Only

Gender breakdown

76% Female
22% Male
2% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Altadena?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.