Therapists in Agoura Hills, CA

Photo of Stacey Datnow, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Agoura Hills, CA
Stacey Datnow
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
11 Endorsed
Agoura Hills, CA 91301
Finding the right fit with a therapist is so important, as so much of the work of therapy happens in the therapeutic relationship. My goal is to connect with you, help you feel understood and be a partner in doing the work that will make your life better. I am an active participant in the sessions and work to help you connect to your strengths and increase your coping strategies. I have over 25 years of experience and look forward to helping you achieve your goals.
Finding the right fit with a therapist is so important, as so much of the work of therapy happens in the therapeutic relationship. My goal is to connect with you, help you feel understood and be a partner in doing the work that will make your life better. I am an active participant in the sessions and work to help you connect to your strengths and increase your coping strategies. I have over 25 years of experience and look forward to helping you achieve your goals.
(818) 276-3242 View (818) 276-3242
Photo of Stephanie Kirschner, Marriage & Family Therapist in Agoura Hills, CA
Stephanie Kirschner
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Agoura Hills, CA 91301  (Online Only)
I specialize in helping women who are coping with challenges that include anxiety, depression, relationship issues, aging, parenting or launching children, changing roles, loss of meaning, missing deeper purpose. You are here seeking something: improved relationships, greater satisfaction, better life balance, increased resilience, stress reduction, insight, healing, growth and well-being. There are times when life tests your ability to meet the challenges you face on your own. A sense of attunement and a comfortable therapeutic relationship can help reduce your discomfort.
I specialize in helping women who are coping with challenges that include anxiety, depression, relationship issues, aging, parenting or launching children, changing roles, loss of meaning, missing deeper purpose. You are here seeking something: improved relationships, greater satisfaction, better life balance, increased resilience, stress reduction, insight, healing, growth and well-being. There are times when life tests your ability to meet the challenges you face on your own. A sense of attunement and a comfortable therapeutic relationship can help reduce your discomfort.
(818) 865-0615 View (818) 865-0615
Photo of Dr. Laura LaPiana, PsyD, A Professional Corp, Psychologist in Agoura Hills, CA
Dr. Laura LaPiana, PsyD, A Professional Corp
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
5 Endorsed
Agoura Hills, CA 91301
I am a clinical psychologist in private practice and have been providing psychotherapy services to adults, families, couples and adolescents for more than 25-years. I work with patients to identify their own personal goals and relationship needs in an effort to improve well-being and increase feelings of satisfaction and authenticity. Life transitions as well as difficulty in important relationships often drives people to seek help. Beginning psychotherapy is an important step in building skills to manage life challenges and stressors. Improvements in self-care can have dramatic benefits on emotional and physical health.
I am a clinical psychologist in private practice and have been providing psychotherapy services to adults, families, couples and adolescents for more than 25-years. I work with patients to identify their own personal goals and relationship needs in an effort to improve well-being and increase feelings of satisfaction and authenticity. Life transitions as well as difficulty in important relationships often drives people to seek help. Beginning psychotherapy is an important step in building skills to manage life challenges and stressors. Improvements in self-care can have dramatic benefits on emotional and physical health.
(424) 329-1123 View (424) 329-1123
Photo of Robert Ryan, Marriage & Family Therapist in Agoura Hills, CA
Robert Ryan
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
Agoura Hills, CA 91301
I view the path of a human life span, as each of us interact and perceives the environment around us in our own unique way. My goal is to help client(s) look at their options, evaluate choices, and build toward a healthier outcome. My work has involved helping client(s) toward building better communication between couples, family members, and individual relationships. It is my belief that counseling / psychotherapy can provide a safe place where personal challenges can be processed, and finding choices toward enhancing the quality of life and improve relationships.
I view the path of a human life span, as each of us interact and perceives the environment around us in our own unique way. My goal is to help client(s) look at their options, evaluate choices, and build toward a healthier outcome. My work has involved helping client(s) toward building better communication between couples, family members, and individual relationships. It is my belief that counseling / psychotherapy can provide a safe place where personal challenges can be processed, and finding choices toward enhancing the quality of life and improve relationships.
(424) 320-6836 View (424) 320-6836
Photo of Idit Roth, Marriage & Family Therapist in Agoura Hills, CA
Idit Roth
Marriage & Family Therapist, MFT
Verified Verified
Agoura Hills, CA 91301
I am often asked, "What kind of patients do you see in your practice?" "People just like you and me", I respond. The one thing that they all have in common is their desire to connect, to be heard, to express themselves without being concerned about saying too much or too little.
I am often asked, "What kind of patients do you see in your practice?" "People just like you and me", I respond. The one thing that they all have in common is their desire to connect, to be heard, to express themselves without being concerned about saying too much or too little.
(818) 491-3289 View (818) 491-3289
Photo of Melinda Garabedian, Ph.D., Psychologist in Agoura Hills, CA
Melinda Garabedian, Ph.D.
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
7 Endorsed
Agoura Hills, CA 91301
I believe that each person has the capacity to grow emotionally and create satisfying relationships both with themselves and others. I do this by addressing and resolving old pain and paying attention to the ways in which you continue to be stuck in patterns of behavior that no longer bring a desired response from the world. I am psychoanalytically trained and bring in your past experiences only as much as they continue to influence your present life. I will also help you address any crises and ongoing issues you are struggling with.
I believe that each person has the capacity to grow emotionally and create satisfying relationships both with themselves and others. I do this by addressing and resolving old pain and paying attention to the ways in which you continue to be stuck in patterns of behavior that no longer bring a desired response from the world. I am psychoanalytically trained and bring in your past experiences only as much as they continue to influence your present life. I will also help you address any crises and ongoing issues you are struggling with.
(805) 316-0565 View (805) 316-0565
Photo of Ileane G Lew, Marriage & Family Therapist in Agoura Hills, CA
Ileane G Lew
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Agoura Hills, CA 91301
Ileane G. Lew is a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapy in California who has been practicing since 2016. Ileane's passion is to help others. She has experience with children, adolescents, and their families, helping them work through anxiety and child/adolescent behavior issues using a cognitivebehaviortherapy approach. Ileane identifies the client's strengths and employs a solutionfocused approach. Ileane also uses a humanistic, authentic, and unique approach and meets her clients where they are at, understands their needs, and sets goals to meet those needs.
Ileane G. Lew is a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapy in California who has been practicing since 2016. Ileane's passion is to help others. She has experience with children, adolescents, and their families, helping them work through anxiety and child/adolescent behavior issues using a cognitivebehaviortherapy approach. Ileane identifies the client's strengths and employs a solutionfocused approach. Ileane also uses a humanistic, authentic, and unique approach and meets her clients where they are at, understands their needs, and sets goals to meet those needs.
(747) 227-7233 View (747) 227-7233
Giselle V Friedman
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Agoura Hills, CA 91301  (Online Only)
Would you like your child to complete their homework/chores every day without arguments? Are you tired of fighting with your children over chores, homework, bedtime or their behavior and attitude? As a licensed clinical social worker specializing in child and family therapy for the past thirty-two years, I have experience in teaching parenting techniques that can: Effectively change a child’s behavior, teach productive habits, parent in a supportive manner and handle conflicts without anger. The sessions are held virtually. Contact me for a ten minute free consultation.
Would you like your child to complete their homework/chores every day without arguments? Are you tired of fighting with your children over chores, homework, bedtime or their behavior and attitude? As a licensed clinical social worker specializing in child and family therapy for the past thirty-two years, I have experience in teaching parenting techniques that can: Effectively change a child’s behavior, teach productive habits, parent in a supportive manner and handle conflicts without anger. The sessions are held virtually. Contact me for a ten minute free consultation.
(747) 294-2943 View (747) 294-2943
Photo of Teri Hartt, Marriage & Family Therapist in Agoura Hills, CA
Teri Hartt
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Agoura Hills, CA 91301  (Online Only)
As a licensed professional living in the community for over twenty years, I have had the opportunity to counsel many individuals, couples and families by assisting them to better cope with life's challenges and helping them to improve their personal relationships. In today's stressful and competitive world, raising a family poses unique obstacles. I provide a non-intimidating, nurturing environment where clients can explore their issues and improve their self-esteem. Due to my life experience and professional training, I believe I am highly qualified to help my clients achieve happier, more productive lives.
As a licensed professional living in the community for over twenty years, I have had the opportunity to counsel many individuals, couples and families by assisting them to better cope with life's challenges and helping them to improve their personal relationships. In today's stressful and competitive world, raising a family poses unique obstacles. I provide a non-intimidating, nurturing environment where clients can explore their issues and improve their self-esteem. Due to my life experience and professional training, I believe I am highly qualified to help my clients achieve happier, more productive lives.
(818) 356-7743 View (818) 356-7743
Photo of Sherry Norris, Marriage & Family Therapist in Agoura Hills, CA
Sherry Norris
Marriage & Family Therapist
Verified Verified
Agoura Hills, CA 91301
I am committed to guiding you to meet your goals, while offering excellent therapy and support. I look forward to meeting you and getting to know you as we embark on your sacred journey together. I believe that the therapeutic relationship is a sacred and collaborative partnership. It begins with the therapist creating a safe and empathic environment of warmth and compassion. My therapeutic approach draws from multiple modalities, as I consider myself to be eclectic, tailoring my approach to fit your specific needs. I believe in beginning where you are, with no agenda.
I am committed to guiding you to meet your goals, while offering excellent therapy and support. I look forward to meeting you and getting to know you as we embark on your sacred journey together. I believe that the therapeutic relationship is a sacred and collaborative partnership. It begins with the therapist creating a safe and empathic environment of warmth and compassion. My therapeutic approach draws from multiple modalities, as I consider myself to be eclectic, tailoring my approach to fit your specific needs. I believe in beginning where you are, with no agenda.
(747) 279-4540 View (747) 279-4540
Photo of Nattalie Tehrani, Registered Psychological Associate in Agoura Hills, CA
Nattalie Tehrani
Registered Psychological Associate , MA, PA
Verified Verified
Agoura Hills, CA 91301
Are you grappling with mood disorders, addiction, or behavioral patterns that have you feeling stuck? Do you wonder if there’s a way to initiate meaningful change in your life? You’re not alone. Our work together will concentrate on your unique challenges, setting the stage for transformative shifts and a renewed sense of self. I embrace a casual and direct style that values authenticity and mutual respect. Driven by curiosity, my aim is to help you identify and reassess behaviors and patterns that may have been helpful before but now obstruct your growth.
Are you grappling with mood disorders, addiction, or behavioral patterns that have you feeling stuck? Do you wonder if there’s a way to initiate meaningful change in your life? You’re not alone. Our work together will concentrate on your unique challenges, setting the stage for transformative shifts and a renewed sense of self. I embrace a casual and direct style that values authenticity and mutual respect. Driven by curiosity, my aim is to help you identify and reassess behaviors and patterns that may have been helpful before but now obstruct your growth.
(747) 203-0831 View (747) 203-0831
Photo of Brandi Sue Stoops, Psychologist in Agoura Hills, CA
Brandi Sue Stoops
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Agoura Hills, CA 91301
When searching for a therapist it's vital that we find someone we can truly trust and believe can help us. Security and comfort with a therapist is very important. When a client finds these features in a therapist then they are better able to set and reach goals to fulfill their dreams and to find their meaning and purpose in life. I provide a warm, safe and supportive environment for clients so they may feel that they are seen and understood. The basis of my work begins with the birth of a secure attachment.
When searching for a therapist it's vital that we find someone we can truly trust and believe can help us. Security and comfort with a therapist is very important. When a client finds these features in a therapist then they are better able to set and reach goals to fulfill their dreams and to find their meaning and purpose in life. I provide a warm, safe and supportive environment for clients so they may feel that they are seen and understood. The basis of my work begins with the birth of a secure attachment.
(805) 590-2507 View (805) 590-2507
Photo of Julie Adler Rosen, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Agoura Hills, CA
Julie Adler Rosen
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Agoura Hills, CA 91301
I am a clinical therapist with over 20 years' experience working with adults/adolescents/families. I specialize in personal growth and interpersonal relationships, and can help you manage feelings of depression, anxiety, fear and uncertainty. Together we will work on achieving your goals by exploring your proven strengths, and by improving your coping and communication skills. I can help you move from stuck to unstuck, and discover more satisfaction in your life, work or relationships. I have an undergraduate degree from the University of California, Berkeley (English/Art History), and I earned my Masters in Social Work from USC.
I am a clinical therapist with over 20 years' experience working with adults/adolescents/families. I specialize in personal growth and interpersonal relationships, and can help you manage feelings of depression, anxiety, fear and uncertainty. Together we will work on achieving your goals by exploring your proven strengths, and by improving your coping and communication skills. I can help you move from stuck to unstuck, and discover more satisfaction in your life, work or relationships. I have an undergraduate degree from the University of California, Berkeley (English/Art History), and I earned my Masters in Social Work from USC.
(818) 532-5796 View (818) 532-5796
Photo of The Missing Peace-Center for Anxiety, Marriage & Family Therapist in Agoura Hills, CA
The Missing Peace-Center for Anxiety
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT, CNS
Verified Verified
Agoura Hills, CA 91301
Anxiety might make you feel like there is something "wrong" with you. It's actually whats right with you. It is a necessary survival component of your brain. You are one of the "fittest" as in survival of the fittest. With modern day stresses, we need to turn to modern day treatment to restore your brain to feel relaxed, safe and in control in today's chaotic world.
Anxiety might make you feel like there is something "wrong" with you. It's actually whats right with you. It is a necessary survival component of your brain. You are one of the "fittest" as in survival of the fittest. With modern day stresses, we need to turn to modern day treatment to restore your brain to feel relaxed, safe and in control in today's chaotic world.
(323) 498-2158 View (323) 498-2158
Photo of Kimberly Kazaryants, Psychologist in Agoura Hills, CA
Kimberly Kazaryants
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Agoura Hills, CA 91301
Kimberly Kazaryants is a Psychologist in California who has been practicing since 2014. She has a Bachelor of Science Human Development from the University of California, Davis, a Bachelor of Arts in Psychology from University of California, Davis, a Masters in Clinical Psychology from the California School of Professional Psychology/Alliant International University, and a PH. D. in Clinical Psychology from the California School of Professional Psychology/Alliant International University. Kimberly believes the most effective therapy is client-centered and collaborative in nature.
Kimberly Kazaryants is a Psychologist in California who has been practicing since 2014. She has a Bachelor of Science Human Development from the University of California, Davis, a Bachelor of Arts in Psychology from University of California, Davis, a Masters in Clinical Psychology from the California School of Professional Psychology/Alliant International University, and a PH. D. in Clinical Psychology from the California School of Professional Psychology/Alliant International University. Kimberly believes the most effective therapy is client-centered and collaborative in nature.
(747) 318-3380 View (747) 318-3380
Photo of Stephen Mardell, Marriage & Family Therapist in Agoura Hills, CA
Stephen Mardell
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, MFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Agoura Hills, CA 91301
You have started the search for support and are now faced with choosing a therapist to begin the healing process. It is important to not only work with an experienced credentialed therapist, but one you feel empathy and care from. One size does not fit all as people's needs are different, and many times can change. For some, I am "the one who finally listens & doesn't judge", helping to unwind feelings of shame and faulty childhood criticisms, while helping to replace them with a realistic, constructive self-appraisal.
You have started the search for support and are now faced with choosing a therapist to begin the healing process. It is important to not only work with an experienced credentialed therapist, but one you feel empathy and care from. One size does not fit all as people's needs are different, and many times can change. For some, I am "the one who finally listens & doesn't judge", helping to unwind feelings of shame and faulty childhood criticisms, while helping to replace them with a realistic, constructive self-appraisal.
(818) 706-0040 View (818) 706-0040
Photo of Joseph Hobel, Marriage & Family Therapist in Agoura Hills, CA
Joseph Hobel
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Agoura Hills, CA 91301
My approach to therapy is to look at your unique character traits and circumstances and design treatment to meet your specific needs. I have been a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist since 2009 and have a wide range of expertise in anxiety disorders, PTSD, panic disorder, depression, OCD, borderline personality disorder, bipolar disorder, life transitions and couples/marital therapy. I have specialized training in Dialectical Behavior Therapy, PTSD (Somatic Experiencing and BASE), and Gestalt therapy.
My approach to therapy is to look at your unique character traits and circumstances and design treatment to meet your specific needs. I have been a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist since 2009 and have a wide range of expertise in anxiety disorders, PTSD, panic disorder, depression, OCD, borderline personality disorder, bipolar disorder, life transitions and couples/marital therapy. I have specialized training in Dialectical Behavior Therapy, PTSD (Somatic Experiencing and BASE), and Gestalt therapy.
(747) 210-0367 View (747) 210-0367
Photo of George Cave, Psychologist in Agoura Hills, CA
George Cave
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Agoura Hills, CA 91301
Dr. Cave, psychologist and author of the book "Just Be a Dad," works with a variety of individuals and families who find themselves having difficulties. I specialize in issues related to depression, anxiety, relationships, parenting, chemical dependency, trauma, psychosis, and suicide. My passion is working with families and individuals having problems with how they feel about themselves and issues within their intimate relationships. My treatment philosophy is that relationships are the key to a person's quality of life, emotional wellbeing and sobriety. I believe that communication is the key to fostering and maintaining healthy relationships.
Dr. Cave, psychologist and author of the book "Just Be a Dad," works with a variety of individuals and families who find themselves having difficulties. I specialize in issues related to depression, anxiety, relationships, parenting, chemical dependency, trauma, psychosis, and suicide. My passion is working with families and individuals having problems with how they feel about themselves and issues within their intimate relationships. My treatment philosophy is that relationships are the key to a person's quality of life, emotional wellbeing and sobriety. I believe that communication is the key to fostering and maintaining healthy relationships.
(805) 567-4059 View (805) 567-4059
Photo of Sharon Holliday in Agoura Hills, CA
Sharon Holliday
Sharon Holliday, MSW, CADTP
Verified Verified
Agoura Hills, CA 91301
We have found to look at life differently for many reasons and we have learned life is in the here and the now. Helping clients discover their healthier self will promote less stress, anxiety, and depression in their lives. When working clients, it’s important for me to get to know who the client is, where they have been what their goals are. When one learns to set obtainable goals it’s not so overwhelming and it helps the client to feel empowered thus giving the client a sense of accomplishment instead of setting themselves up for disappointment. The importance of this is to help the client to obtain tools use in their lives.
We have found to look at life differently for many reasons and we have learned life is in the here and the now. Helping clients discover their healthier self will promote less stress, anxiety, and depression in their lives. When working clients, it’s important for me to get to know who the client is, where they have been what their goals are. When one learns to set obtainable goals it’s not so overwhelming and it helps the client to feel empowered thus giving the client a sense of accomplishment instead of setting themselves up for disappointment. The importance of this is to help the client to obtain tools use in their lives.
(747) 223-6318 View (747) 223-6318
Photo of Naomi Levi, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Agoura Hills, CA
Naomi Levi
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Agoura Hills, CA 91377  (Online Only)
You may be feeling stuck and looking to make a change, to gain a deeper understanding, or to process life events so that you can live a life that feels most fulfilling. Regardless of the reason for starting therapy, each of us is deserving to find clarity and relief.
You may be feeling stuck and looking to make a change, to gain a deeper understanding, or to process life events so that you can live a life that feels most fulfilling. Regardless of the reason for starting therapy, each of us is deserving to find clarity and relief.
(818) 804-4812 View (818) 804-4812

See more therapy options for Agoura Hills

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Agoura Hills, CA

200+

Average cost per session

$180

Therapists in Agoura Hills, CA who prioritize treating:

95% Anxiety
90% Depression
82% Relationship Issues
72% Self Esteem
65% Coping Skills
63% Grief
63% Family Conflict

Average years in practice

15 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

59% Aetna
52% Cigna and Evernorth
47% Optum

How Therapists in Agoura Hills, CA see their clients

75% In Person and Online
25% Online Only

Gender breakdown

85% Female
15% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Agoura Hills?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.