Therapists in Prescott Valley, AZ

Photo of Vienna Aslanian, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Prescott Valley, AZ
Vienna Aslanian
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Prescott Valley, AZ 86314
I chose to become a therapist after doing social work with children and families. Witnessing the trauma and the way that trauma impacted those individual lives caused me to develop an interest in and concern for individuals struggling with CPTSD, PTSD and childhood trauma. I have always enjoyed listening to people's stories and making a genuine connection. I believe in the healing power of therapy and the importance of the therapeutic relationship. I believe in the importance of active listening and making you feel truly heard, cared about, safe, and understood. The majority of my experience is as a child and family therapist.
I chose to become a therapist after doing social work with children and families. Witnessing the trauma and the way that trauma impacted those individual lives caused me to develop an interest in and concern for individuals struggling with CPTSD, PTSD and childhood trauma. I have always enjoyed listening to people's stories and making a genuine connection. I believe in the healing power of therapy and the importance of the therapeutic relationship. I believe in the importance of active listening and making you feel truly heard, cared about, safe, and understood. The majority of my experience is as a child and family therapist.
(928) 421-2385 View (928) 421-2385
Photo of Susan K Strong, Licensed Professional Counselor in Prescott Valley, AZ
Susan K Strong
Licensed Professional Counselor, MEd, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
Prescott Valley, AZ 86314
I specialize in providing professional counseling from a faith-based non-denominational Christian perspective. The majority of my clients are Christians who are struggling with significant challenges in their lives. Together, we work toward applying relevant biblical information to help heal wounds from the past/present, gain insights, receive encouragement, and develop coping skills for living in today's world.
I specialize in providing professional counseling from a faith-based non-denominational Christian perspective. The majority of my clients are Christians who are struggling with significant challenges in their lives. Together, we work toward applying relevant biblical information to help heal wounds from the past/present, gain insights, receive encouragement, and develop coping skills for living in today's world.
(928) 585-0148 View (928) 585-0148
Photo of Starr Denison, Licensed Professional Counselor in Prescott Valley, AZ
Starr Denison
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
Prescott Valley, AZ 86315
My name is Starr Denison, MS, LPC, NCC and I'm here to help you with trauma related issues, depression, anxiety, grief, and even chronic pain. I am able to help you from the comfort of your own home using video conferencing, or in a quiet, private location at my place of business. I offer life coaching and wellness plan building in addition to clinical mental health counseling. Using indoor and outdoor therapy with or without animal assistants, you will experience healing and overall enhanced well being. On location, you will be served an amazing cup of organic tea of the highest quality for comfort during your session.
My name is Starr Denison, MS, LPC, NCC and I'm here to help you with trauma related issues, depression, anxiety, grief, and even chronic pain. I am able to help you from the comfort of your own home using video conferencing, or in a quiet, private location at my place of business. I offer life coaching and wellness plan building in addition to clinical mental health counseling. Using indoor and outdoor therapy with or without animal assistants, you will experience healing and overall enhanced well being. On location, you will be served an amazing cup of organic tea of the highest quality for comfort during your session.
(928) 237-2002 View (928) 237-2002
Photo of Loretta A Holdsworth, Counselor in Prescott Valley, AZ
Loretta A Holdsworth
Counselor, MS, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Prescott Valley, AZ 86314
Not accepting new clients
Many of us unknowingly repeat patterns that keep us stuck or can be harmful and interfere with living our best and most meaningful life. Addiction, anxiety, trauma, grief, depression, self-esteem and relationship issues cause our lives to become more difficult than planned or imagined. Learning how to identify and effectively address what gets in our way can seem overwhelming if we aren't equipped with the appropriate tools to deal with them. Increasing self-awareness can bring us to a state of congruence so what we feel on the inside more clearly matches what we express on the outside.
Many of us unknowingly repeat patterns that keep us stuck or can be harmful and interfere with living our best and most meaningful life. Addiction, anxiety, trauma, grief, depression, self-esteem and relationship issues cause our lives to become more difficult than planned or imagined. Learning how to identify and effectively address what gets in our way can seem overwhelming if we aren't equipped with the appropriate tools to deal with them. Increasing self-awareness can bring us to a state of congruence so what we feel on the inside more clearly matches what we express on the outside.
(928) 427-1105 View (928) 427-1105
Photo of Michelle Kyliavas, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Prescott Valley, AZ
Michelle Kyliavas
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
Prescott Valley, AZ 86314
I firmly believe that we all possess the strength needed to overcome adversity and heal from the profound impact of trauma. The effects of complex trauma can cause us to feel emotionally unsafe, socially disconnected, and internally robbed of the ability to trust ourselves. This leaves many caught in a cycle of self-doubt and self-criticism, diminishing our capacity to cope with life’s challenges. My mission is to provide invaluable support to those seeking to understand and heal from past experiences, enabling them to enhance their self-image and overcome the emotional hurdles that trauma can create.
I firmly believe that we all possess the strength needed to overcome adversity and heal from the profound impact of trauma. The effects of complex trauma can cause us to feel emotionally unsafe, socially disconnected, and internally robbed of the ability to trust ourselves. This leaves many caught in a cycle of self-doubt and self-criticism, diminishing our capacity to cope with life’s challenges. My mission is to provide invaluable support to those seeking to understand and heal from past experiences, enabling them to enhance their self-image and overcome the emotional hurdles that trauma can create.
(520) 636-5082 View (520) 636-5082
Photo of Sera Gray - Online Trauma Therapy, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Prescott Valley, AZ
Sera Gray - Online Trauma Therapy
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, CCTS-I
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Prescott Valley, AZ 86314  (Online Only)
Are you a neurodivergent or highly sensitive person (HSP) who struggles with feeling overwhelmed and exhausted all the time? Does it feel like you get hijacked by your emotions and past trauma plays over and over in your mind? I get it. The world leads us to believe that if we struggle with intense emotions, overwhelm or letting go of the past, there must be something wrong with us. I’m here to tell you that nothing is wrong with you. You’re not broken, the way you feel is not your fault, and healing is possible. I’m Sera, and as a neurodivergent therapist with ADHD I understand the struggle.
Are you a neurodivergent or highly sensitive person (HSP) who struggles with feeling overwhelmed and exhausted all the time? Does it feel like you get hijacked by your emotions and past trauma plays over and over in your mind? I get it. The world leads us to believe that if we struggle with intense emotions, overwhelm or letting go of the past, there must be something wrong with us. I’m here to tell you that nothing is wrong with you. You’re not broken, the way you feel is not your fault, and healing is possible. I’m Sera, and as a neurodivergent therapist with ADHD I understand the struggle.
(928) 767-6786 View (928) 767-6786
Photo of Brooke Miller, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Prescott Valley, AZ
Brooke Miller
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW, CPC
Verified Verified
Prescott Valley, AZ 86314  (Online Only)
Are you feeling stuck? Anxiety and stress can overwhelm our ability to cope and negatively affect our well being, relationships, decision making, sleep and even our self esteem. As an anxiety and stress expert, I teach boundaries, coping and communication skills to improve work/life balance, relationship satisfaction and resilience. My therapeutic style is empathic, empowering and direct, with a good dose of humor. I am also a Certified Professional Coach, so I will give you a nudge and hold you accountable when you need it! A Christian perspective is offered for those who are seeking a spiritual approach to personal growth.
Are you feeling stuck? Anxiety and stress can overwhelm our ability to cope and negatively affect our well being, relationships, decision making, sleep and even our self esteem. As an anxiety and stress expert, I teach boundaries, coping and communication skills to improve work/life balance, relationship satisfaction and resilience. My therapeutic style is empathic, empowering and direct, with a good dose of humor. I am also a Certified Professional Coach, so I will give you a nudge and hold you accountable when you need it! A Christian perspective is offered for those who are seeking a spiritual approach to personal growth.
(928) 455-8824 View (928) 455-8824
Photo of Jennifer Bomicino, Counselor in Prescott Valley, AZ
Jennifer Bomicino
Counselor, MS, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Prescott Valley, AZ 86314
We all have the need for connection and to have a safe, caring space to talk and feel heard. I work with adults and children through trauma issues, depression, anxiety, stress management and relational problems.
We all have the need for connection and to have a safe, caring space to talk and feel heard. I work with adults and children through trauma issues, depression, anxiety, stress management and relational problems.
(844) 385-3747 View (844) 385-3747
Photo of Mauricio Mairena, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Prescott Valley, AZ
Mauricio Mairena
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Prescott Valley, AZ 86314  (Online Only)
If you feel you are stuck in life with negative thinking, ongoing uncomfortable emotions or unhealthy behaviors and need to create inner strength, process past trauma and develop fulfilling interactions, their is hope. We all feel lost at times and in need of acknowledgement, validation and guidance. The goals to live a happy and full life are real and attainable. We can work together in finding insights about self that will promote growth and the best version of yourself.
If you feel you are stuck in life with negative thinking, ongoing uncomfortable emotions or unhealthy behaviors and need to create inner strength, process past trauma and develop fulfilling interactions, their is hope. We all feel lost at times and in need of acknowledgement, validation and guidance. The goals to live a happy and full life are real and attainable. We can work together in finding insights about self that will promote growth and the best version of yourself.
(928) 764-7553 View (928) 764-7553
Photo of Jennifer M. Velasquez, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Prescott Valley, AZ
Jennifer M. Velasquez
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Prescott Valley, AZ 86314  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
My specialty is in working with self-esteem issues, life transitions, grief and loss, trauma, anxiety, depression, and spiritual crisis (spiritual awakening, shadow work, “dark night of the soul”). I operate from a humanistic theoretical framework; which just means, that I focus on the Individual as a whole and focus on existing positive strengths and behaviors. I meet you where you are at and welcome you without judgment. I believe strongly in the therapeutic relationship and I make sure to co-create with you a healing space where you can feel safe to be you.
My specialty is in working with self-esteem issues, life transitions, grief and loss, trauma, anxiety, depression, and spiritual crisis (spiritual awakening, shadow work, “dark night of the soul”). I operate from a humanistic theoretical framework; which just means, that I focus on the Individual as a whole and focus on existing positive strengths and behaviors. I meet you where you are at and welcome you without judgment. I believe strongly in the therapeutic relationship and I make sure to co-create with you a healing space where you can feel safe to be you.
(928) 766-4392 View (928) 766-4392
Photo of Carlos Garcia - Arukah Healthcare, PLLC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Prescott Valley, AZ
Carlos Garcia - Arukah Healthcare, PLLC
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
Prescott Valley, AZ 86314  (Online Only)
Do you feel distant from others and yourself? Do you put yourself last? Should life become better? Happier? People are more anxious, overwhelmed, and confused about maintaining relationships, jobs, and lifestyles than ever. Not taking the time and ignoring your needs can lead to long-term health problems. Healthy living shouldn't be hard. I empower clients to use cultural and spiritual resources for growth, support, and healing in my holistic treatment. I invite clients to explore unique and shared cultural values to enrich and enhance life and create hope for future wellness.
Do you feel distant from others and yourself? Do you put yourself last? Should life become better? Happier? People are more anxious, overwhelmed, and confused about maintaining relationships, jobs, and lifestyles than ever. Not taking the time and ignoring your needs can lead to long-term health problems. Healthy living shouldn't be hard. I empower clients to use cultural and spiritual resources for growth, support, and healing in my holistic treatment. I invite clients to explore unique and shared cultural values to enrich and enhance life and create hope for future wellness.
(623) 343-0483 View (623) 343-0483
Photo of Yvette F Maez, Licensed Professional Counselor in Prescott Valley, AZ
Yvette F Maez
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
Prescott Valley, AZ 86314
AHCCCS ACCEPTED - Are you trying to deal with depression, trauma, or other life altering mental health issues alone? Take the first step and call me for help. Therapy can help you heal from trauma, develop coping skills, find meaning in your life, and become self-accepting. The therapy relationship provides a safe and nonjudgmental environment for personal exploration, problem solving, insight, and growth. Through this relationship you can find peace with your current or past situation.
AHCCCS ACCEPTED - Are you trying to deal with depression, trauma, or other life altering mental health issues alone? Take the first step and call me for help. Therapy can help you heal from trauma, develop coping skills, find meaning in your life, and become self-accepting. The therapy relationship provides a safe and nonjudgmental environment for personal exploration, problem solving, insight, and growth. Through this relationship you can find peace with your current or past situation.
(928) 237-5006 View (928) 237-5006
Photo of Gabriel Murphy, Counselor in Prescott Valley, AZ
Gabriel Murphy
Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Prescott Valley, AZ 86314
Psychotherapy can provide unique support to many life challenges; from navigating difficult transitions, to undoing patterns and beliefs that keep us stuck, to changing how we feel about ourselves and others, to healing past traumas that still haunt us in the present.
Psychotherapy can provide unique support to many life challenges; from navigating difficult transitions, to undoing patterns and beliefs that keep us stuck, to changing how we feel about ourselves and others, to healing past traumas that still haunt us in the present.
(520) 523-4596 View (520) 523-4596
Photo of Erica E Alessi, Pre-Licensed Professional in Prescott Valley, AZ
Erica E Alessi
Pre-Licensed Professional, LMSW
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Prescott Valley, AZ 86314
I am so happy you have found your way to this page because it means you are taking your first steps toward healing! Since you are here, I imagine that you are feeling “stuck” in some way. You want to make changes in your life but are struggling to make those changes happen on your own.
I am so happy you have found your way to this page because it means you are taking your first steps toward healing! Since you are here, I imagine that you are feeling “stuck” in some way. You want to make changes in your life but are struggling to make those changes happen on your own.
(520) 619-7895 View (520) 619-7895
Photo of Amy Dickerson, Marriage & Family Therapist in Prescott Valley, AZ
Amy Dickerson
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, MFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Prescott Valley, AZ 86312
Are you feeling overwhelmed, anxious, or depressed? Are you having difficulty adjusting to a new transition in your life? I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist and have worked in a private practice setting for over ten years. I enjoy working with a broad range of issues related to relationships and mental health. Over the years I have become passionate about working with mothers struggling with loss, pregnancy and postpartum related depression, anxiety, or obsessive-compulsive disorder. 15-20% of pregnant women and new mothers suffer from perinatal mood and anxiety disorders. If you are struggling, you are not alone.
Are you feeling overwhelmed, anxious, or depressed? Are you having difficulty adjusting to a new transition in your life? I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist and have worked in a private practice setting for over ten years. I enjoy working with a broad range of issues related to relationships and mental health. Over the years I have become passionate about working with mothers struggling with loss, pregnancy and postpartum related depression, anxiety, or obsessive-compulsive disorder. 15-20% of pregnant women and new mothers suffer from perinatal mood and anxiety disorders. If you are struggling, you are not alone.
(909) 894-0891 View (909) 894-0891
Photo of Kelly Rudolf, Counselor in Prescott Valley, AZ
Kelly Rudolf
Counselor, MA, LAC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Prescott Valley, AZ 86314
You’re feeling weighed down by the past and the future is daunting. You feel anxious, depressed, alone, and scared. Your emotions can feel overwhelming at times yet shut off and numb at other times. Your relationships are being impacted and you even feel disconnected from yourself. You want to move forward… but you just keep getting stuck. If you’re ready to make a change and get unstuck, therapy is an effective resource that will help you heal from the past, feel comfortable in your own skin, create connected and meaningful relationships, and instill hope, purpose, and passion for your future.
You’re feeling weighed down by the past and the future is daunting. You feel anxious, depressed, alone, and scared. Your emotions can feel overwhelming at times yet shut off and numb at other times. Your relationships are being impacted and you even feel disconnected from yourself. You want to move forward… but you just keep getting stuck. If you’re ready to make a change and get unstuck, therapy is an effective resource that will help you heal from the past, feel comfortable in your own skin, create connected and meaningful relationships, and instill hope, purpose, and passion for your future.
(520) 655-6270 View (520) 655-6270
Photo of Gail Edgerton, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Prescott Valley, AZ
Gail Edgerton
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Prescott Valley, AZ 86314
I work primarily with older adults who are dealing with depression/anxiety, grief/loss, aging, illness, isolation, addiction, loss of a sense of purpose and family issues. I also work with individuals who have experienced trauma whether it be from childhood experiences, a single incident, or multiple traumas, and the resulting conditions that may develop.
I work primarily with older adults who are dealing with depression/anxiety, grief/loss, aging, illness, isolation, addiction, loss of a sense of purpose and family issues. I also work with individuals who have experienced trauma whether it be from childhood experiences, a single incident, or multiple traumas, and the resulting conditions that may develop.
(928) 263-8197 View (928) 263-8197
Photo of Carole Jolly - Live Well, Life Coaching in Prescott Valley, AZ
Carole Jolly - Live Well, Life Coaching
MSW
Verified Verified
Prescott Valley, AZ 86314
You have the right to feel better, to enjoy a life with more meaning and less difficulty. No matter what hardships you are encountering or how stuck you may feel, you can feel better. Together we can discover what is blocking the changes you want to see in your life, while empowering you with specific tools to get there. I provide a broad range of services that are client-centered and oriented to positive change. We will focus on your strengths, building from there. I offer warmth, insight, humor, and nonjudgmental listening, while giving concrete strategies to adjust negative patterns that are holding you back.
You have the right to feel better, to enjoy a life with more meaning and less difficulty. No matter what hardships you are encountering or how stuck you may feel, you can feel better. Together we can discover what is blocking the changes you want to see in your life, while empowering you with specific tools to get there. I provide a broad range of services that are client-centered and oriented to positive change. We will focus on your strengths, building from there. I offer warmth, insight, humor, and nonjudgmental listening, while giving concrete strategies to adjust negative patterns that are holding you back.
(928) 316-1680 View (928) 316-1680
Photo of Kathy M Golden, Licensed Professional Counselor in Prescott Valley, AZ
Kathy M Golden
Licensed Professional Counselor, MAPC, LPC, CSAT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Prescott Valley, AZ 86314
I have been a counselor for 20+ years. I work with most substance and/or process addictions, my favorite work being with people dealing with compulsive sexual behavior. I have trained with Pia Mellody and embrace her work on Developmental Immaturity. I am in recovery myself, for 33 years, and enjoy helping others who want to overcome their addictive behaviors. I believe in the importance of treating the underlying childhood issues as well as building a 12-step based recovery. I help people free themselves from isolation and shame caused by addictive behaviors and reengage in their lives from a place of sobriety, peace and joy.
I have been a counselor for 20+ years. I work with most substance and/or process addictions, my favorite work being with people dealing with compulsive sexual behavior. I have trained with Pia Mellody and embrace her work on Developmental Immaturity. I am in recovery myself, for 33 years, and enjoy helping others who want to overcome their addictive behaviors. I believe in the importance of treating the underlying childhood issues as well as building a 12-step based recovery. I help people free themselves from isolation and shame caused by addictive behaviors and reengage in their lives from a place of sobriety, peace and joy.
(928) 227-8056 View (928) 227-8056
Photo of Northern Arizona Trauma Inst. Kathy Stoecker, Counselor in Prescott Valley, AZ
Northern Arizona Trauma Inst. Kathy Stoecker
Counselor, MS, LPC
Verified Verified
Prescott Valley, AZ 86314
Waitlist for new clients
I am an empathetic counselor who works collaboratively with clients to help them live their best life. I believe that individuals are their own "specialists" in their lives. My job is to help them discover their skills and provide them with tools to empower their lives. This is achieved through a safe, non-judgmental therapeutic relationship.
I am an empathetic counselor who works collaboratively with clients to help them live their best life. I believe that individuals are their own "specialists" in their lives. My job is to help them discover their skills and provide them with tools to empower their lives. This is achieved through a safe, non-judgmental therapeutic relationship.
(928) 379-7213 View (928) 379-7213

See more therapy options for Prescott Valley

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Prescott Valley, AZ

50+

Average cost per session

$125

Therapists in Prescott Valley, AZ who prioritize treating:

89% Anxiety
88% Depression
82% Relationship Issues
79% Trauma and PTSD
75% Self Esteem
75% Stress
70% Grief

Average years in practice

14 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

80% BlueCross and BlueShield
76% Aetna
71% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in Prescott Valley, AZ see their clients

84% In Person and Online
16% Online Only

Gender breakdown

73% Female
27% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Prescott Valley?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.