Therapists in Mammoth Spring, AR

Photo of Transforming Lives Counseling LLC, Licensed Professional Counselor in Mammoth Spring, AR
Transforming Lives Counseling LLC
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified
Mammoth Spring, AR 72554
At Transforming Lives Counseling, our goal is to help you uncover your true potential and lead a life that is worth celebrating. While we can't change difficult situations of the past, we can work together to better understand and heal from past pain and gain skills to move toward a healthy future. We believe that each of us have challenges we need to overcome in order to transform our lives into who we truly would love to be. Our Practitioners would be honored to work with you in moving forward toward healing and becoming a new, healthy, and better version of you. When ready, call our office to schedule an appointment.
At Transforming Lives Counseling, our goal is to help you uncover your true potential and lead a life that is worth celebrating. While we can't change difficult situations of the past, we can work together to better understand and heal from past pain and gain skills to move toward a healthy future. We believe that each of us have challenges we need to overcome in order to transform our lives into who we truly would love to be. Our Practitioners would be honored to work with you in moving forward toward healing and becoming a new, healthy, and better version of you. When ready, call our office to schedule an appointment.
(870) 451-0304 View (870) 451-0304

Online Therapists

Photo of Brandi Denise VanAmburg, Counselor in Mammoth Spring, AR
Brandi Denise VanAmburg
Counselor, LAC, EdS, MS
Verified
Searcy, AR 72143  (Online Only)
The Holidays are hard for everyone. Need to talk? If you're looking to improve your overall mental wellness, look no further. I earned my Masters and Educational Specialist degrees in Counseling from Harding University in 2014. I earned my LAC in 2023. Mental health has always been of the utmost importance to me and, with my natural gifts of empathy, genuine compassion, and open-mindedness- helping others achieve overall wellness is my greatest passion. Brandi VanAmburg, LAC
The Holidays are hard for everyone. Need to talk? If you're looking to improve your overall mental wellness, look no further. I earned my Masters and Educational Specialist degrees in Counseling from Harding University in 2014. I earned my LAC in 2023. Mental health has always been of the utmost importance to me and, with my natural gifts of empathy, genuine compassion, and open-mindedness- helping others achieve overall wellness is my greatest passion. Brandi VanAmburg, LAC
(501) 737-4470 View (501) 737-4470
Photo of Jessica Richardson, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Mammoth Spring, AR
Jessica Richardson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Paragould, AR 72450  (Online Only)
Everyone deserves a safe and affirming space to explore emotions and work toward personal goals. Feeling ostracized and isolated can lead to feelings of anxiety, sadness, and get in the way of achieving one's full potential.
Everyone deserves a safe and affirming space to explore emotions and work toward personal goals. Feeling ostracized and isolated can lead to feelings of anxiety, sadness, and get in the way of achieving one's full potential.
(844) 215-8079 View (844) 215-8079
Photo of Brandi Denise VanAmburg, Counselor in Mammoth Spring, AR
Brandi Denise VanAmburg
Counselor, LAC
Verified
Searcy, AR 72143  (Online Only)
We have all gone through situations in life that become overwhelming. We need someone to confide in. Look no further, I possess the gifts of empathy, open-mindedness, active listening, and both personal and professional experience to aide in my ability to help others achieve overall wellness.
We have all gone through situations in life that become overwhelming. We need someone to confide in. Look no further, I possess the gifts of empathy, open-mindedness, active listening, and both personal and professional experience to aide in my ability to help others achieve overall wellness.
(501) 392-3100 View (501) 392-3100
Photo of Brenton Kirschner, Marriage & Family Therapist in Mammoth Spring, AR
Brenton Kirschner
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, LPC, CSAT, EMDR II, CTT
Verified
5 Endorsed
Searcy, AR 72143
I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist and Licensed Professional Counselor specializing in couples therapy, trauma work, and recovery from addiction. I have worked as a therapist in a 90-Day Residential Treatment Center, Community Mental Health, and in Private Practice. I have led therapy intensives, group therapy, taught courses at the university level, and managed a therapeutic high and low ropes course.
I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist and Licensed Professional Counselor specializing in couples therapy, trauma work, and recovery from addiction. I have worked as a therapist in a 90-Day Residential Treatment Center, Community Mental Health, and in Private Practice. I have led therapy intensives, group therapy, taught courses at the university level, and managed a therapeutic high and low ropes course.
(501) 302-4725 View (501) 302-4725
Photo of Virginia Lynn Willis, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Mammoth Spring, AR
Virginia Lynn Willis
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LSCW, ICST, RPT-S
Verified
Paragould, AR 72450
Each day we take a walk on our own personal journey through life. Our journeys will take many different paths, twists and turns we will have to navigate. Sometimes we can navigate the journeys by ourselves and at others we may need someone to walk beside us. I have walked with people of all ages, from age 3-adulthood on their journeys since 2004. Up to this point my personal journey has been working with agencies, but now I have decided to take my own journey into a private practice setting.
Each day we take a walk on our own personal journey through life. Our journeys will take many different paths, twists and turns we will have to navigate. Sometimes we can navigate the journeys by ourselves and at others we may need someone to walk beside us. I have walked with people of all ages, from age 3-adulthood on their journeys since 2004. Up to this point my personal journey has been working with agencies, but now I have decided to take my own journey into a private practice setting.
(870) 669-1242 View (870) 669-1242
Photo of Kenya Ward, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Mammoth Spring, AR
Kenya Ward
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, LPN
Verified
Jonesboro, AR 72401
At times it gets hard to navigate life; having to deal with sadness, fear, anxiety, anger, betrayal, trauma, abuse, and the list goes on. Maybe you need moral support, strategies to make decisions, solve problems, or resolve conflict. What do you think about gaining tools, being informed, and making sustained change? It is my pleasure to serve individuals, groups, and families by providing a listening ear and life changing interventions during your therapeutic process. Nervous? Don't know what to expect? I get that and I strive to provide a safe environment for self expression, hope and healing.
At times it gets hard to navigate life; having to deal with sadness, fear, anxiety, anger, betrayal, trauma, abuse, and the list goes on. Maybe you need moral support, strategies to make decisions, solve problems, or resolve conflict. What do you think about gaining tools, being informed, and making sustained change? It is my pleasure to serve individuals, groups, and families by providing a listening ear and life changing interventions during your therapeutic process. Nervous? Don't know what to expect? I get that and I strive to provide a safe environment for self expression, hope and healing.
(870) 259-4836 View (870) 259-4836
Photo of Elizabeth Truax, Licensed Professional Counselor in Mammoth Spring, AR
Elizabeth Truax
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified
Jonesboro, AR 72401
My name is Elizabeth Truax and I go by Leanne. I am a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC) based in central Arkansas. My approach to therapy is person-centered and focused on providing my clients with the support, care, and tools needed to find relief from emotional pain. I specialize in working with adults experiencing symptoms of depression, anxiety, trauma, stress, as well as communication and relationship issues. I firmly believe therapy can help everyone. Sometimes life gets messy. Sometimes our lives take turns we never expected. This can cause us to feel unequipped to cope with the resulting painful emotions.
My name is Elizabeth Truax and I go by Leanne. I am a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC) based in central Arkansas. My approach to therapy is person-centered and focused on providing my clients with the support, care, and tools needed to find relief from emotional pain. I specialize in working with adults experiencing symptoms of depression, anxiety, trauma, stress, as well as communication and relationship issues. I firmly believe therapy can help everyone. Sometimes life gets messy. Sometimes our lives take turns we never expected. This can cause us to feel unequipped to cope with the resulting painful emotions.
(870) 729-7833 View (870) 729-7833
Photo of Emalee Scott, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Mammoth Spring, AR
Emalee Scott
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified
Paragould, AR 72450
I am a Licensed Master Social Worker that enjoys meeting clients where they are at. Many of us have become disconnected from ourselves and others as a result of the hardships or traumas that we have experienced in life. I focus on helping others reconnect with themselves, growing in clarity, self-compassion, confidence, courage, calmness, and cultivating a more purposeful life. I strive to provide a safe environment, free of shame or judgement that allows my clients to feel comfortable and proud of showing up exactly as they are. Brené Brown says it well, “Shame corrodes the very part of us that believes we are capable of change
I am a Licensed Master Social Worker that enjoys meeting clients where they are at. Many of us have become disconnected from ourselves and others as a result of the hardships or traumas that we have experienced in life. I focus on helping others reconnect with themselves, growing in clarity, self-compassion, confidence, courage, calmness, and cultivating a more purposeful life. I strive to provide a safe environment, free of shame or judgement that allows my clients to feel comfortable and proud of showing up exactly as they are. Brené Brown says it well, “Shame corrodes the very part of us that believes we are capable of change
(870) 451-5686 View (870) 451-5686
Photo of Sandra Smith Worlow, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Mammoth Spring, AR
Sandra Smith Worlow
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, CEAP
Verified
Paragould, AR 72450  (Online Only)
I am a Licensed Clinical/Certified Social worker and licensed to practice in the states of Arkansas, Tennessee and Mississippi. I love direct clinical practice and have missed providing clients with assistance on their journey to wellness and happiness. Having gone through several life transitions along the way, I love guiding others through that process as well. I enjoy working with both individuals and couples and have experience working with all populations including veterans and active duty service members.
I am a Licensed Clinical/Certified Social worker and licensed to practice in the states of Arkansas, Tennessee and Mississippi. I love direct clinical practice and have missed providing clients with assistance on their journey to wellness and happiness. Having gone through several life transitions along the way, I love guiding others through that process as well. I enjoy working with both individuals and couples and have experience working with all populations including veterans and active duty service members.
(870) 606-2332 View (870) 606-2332
Photo of Anna Ruger, Licensed Professional Counselor in Mammoth Spring, AR
Anna Ruger
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC, CSAT, EMDR, CTT
Verified
Searcy, AR 72143
Waitlist for new clients
Anna works with families, couples, adolescents and children. She has extensive experience in crisis counseling, individual, and groups. She holds a Masters degree in Community Counseling with an emphasis in Marriage and Family therapy. Anna has been trained by one of the top trauma therapists in the nation and is a certified trauma therapist herself; as well as EMDR trained. Anna is also a Certified Sexual Addiction Therapist. (CSAT) Anna offers multiple day customized therapy intensives as well as weekly outpatient appointments.
Anna works with families, couples, adolescents and children. She has extensive experience in crisis counseling, individual, and groups. She holds a Masters degree in Community Counseling with an emphasis in Marriage and Family therapy. Anna has been trained by one of the top trauma therapists in the nation and is a certified trauma therapist herself; as well as EMDR trained. Anna is also a Certified Sexual Addiction Therapist. (CSAT) Anna offers multiple day customized therapy intensives as well as weekly outpatient appointments.
(501) 669-8535 View (501) 669-8535
Photo of Lauren Hannah, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Mammoth Spring, AR
Lauren Hannah
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, DSW, LCSW
Verified
Jonesboro, AR 72401
Have you ever felt like no matter what you do you just cannot get to a place of peace? Often, the hardest part of managing mental health is learning to live after you survived whatever caused pain in the first place. It's easier to expect the worst than hope for the best when you've been through trauma. I'm here to help my people identify self-limiting beliefs and unwanted behavior. We find the root of the problem, and begin to re-process negative belief systems then replace those with healthier views. It may seem impossible, but with the right approach I believe everyone can find joy.
Have you ever felt like no matter what you do you just cannot get to a place of peace? Often, the hardest part of managing mental health is learning to live after you survived whatever caused pain in the first place. It's easier to expect the worst than hope for the best when you've been through trauma. I'm here to help my people identify self-limiting beliefs and unwanted behavior. We find the root of the problem, and begin to re-process negative belief systems then replace those with healthier views. It may seem impossible, but with the right approach I believe everyone can find joy.
(870) 359-6287 View (870) 359-6287
Photo of Nicole Eckard, Licensed Professional Counselor in Mammoth Spring, AR
Nicole Eckard
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC-S, TF-CBT
Verified
Jonesboro, AR 72401
Waitlist for new clients
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor in the State of Arkansas. I offer individual therapy and enjoy working with individuals, teens, and young adults. I believe in working with clients using a holistic therapy approach to problems and will utilize a blend of evidence based therapies such as Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Interpersonal theory. Additionally, I am nationally trained in Trauma Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy.
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor in the State of Arkansas. I offer individual therapy and enjoy working with individuals, teens, and young adults. I believe in working with clients using a holistic therapy approach to problems and will utilize a blend of evidence based therapies such as Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Interpersonal theory. Additionally, I am nationally trained in Trauma Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy.
(870) 561-7300 View (870) 561-7300
Photo of Breanna Sisk, Licensed Professional Counselor in Mammoth Spring, AR
Breanna Sisk
Licensed Professional Counselor, EdS
Verified
Paragould, AR 72450
Feeling stuck? Overwhelmed? Kids bullied at school? Battling grief, trauma, major changes, or relationship issues? Maybe you just need someone to listen and help you find a solution?
Feeling stuck? Overwhelmed? Kids bullied at school? Battling grief, trauma, major changes, or relationship issues? Maybe you just need someone to listen and help you find a solution?
(870) 686-9828 View (870) 686-9828
Photo of Charolette Scott, Counselor in Mammoth Spring, AR
Charolette Scott
Counselor, LPC, EdS
Verified
1 Endorsed
Jonesboro, AR 72401
You will be the reason your life finally changes, and your journey starts today! Whether you are facing new challenges, experiencing life transitions, struggling with overwhelming anxieties, or seeking to create and become the best version of yourself, you've arrived at the right place. I believe that you already possess the ability to navigate through life's difficulties and hardships, and I hope to walk beside you as you work to break free from unhealthy, restrictive thought patterns and unlock your true potential.
You will be the reason your life finally changes, and your journey starts today! Whether you are facing new challenges, experiencing life transitions, struggling with overwhelming anxieties, or seeking to create and become the best version of yourself, you've arrived at the right place. I believe that you already possess the ability to navigate through life's difficulties and hardships, and I hope to walk beside you as you work to break free from unhealthy, restrictive thought patterns and unlock your true potential.
(870) 686-3806 View (870) 686-3806
Photo of Angela Stillwell, Licensed Professional Counselor in Mammoth Spring, AR
Angela Stillwell
Licensed Professional Counselor, MRC, LPC-S
Verified
1 Endorsed
Jonesboro, AR 72401  (Online Only)
I provide holistic and integrative mental health. I believe that therapy offers a unique opportunity for intensive emotional and intellectual growth so that one can be better equipped to lead a more productive and fulfilling life. An individual can begin to consider one's life from a different point of view by attaching new meaning to his/her past, explore new avenues for reaching life goals, decrease painful feelings and increase their ability to cope with life's stressors. I believe in the value of the therapeutic relationship and its influence in creating positive change.
I provide holistic and integrative mental health. I believe that therapy offers a unique opportunity for intensive emotional and intellectual growth so that one can be better equipped to lead a more productive and fulfilling life. An individual can begin to consider one's life from a different point of view by attaching new meaning to his/her past, explore new avenues for reaching life goals, decrease painful feelings and increase their ability to cope with life's stressors. I believe in the value of the therapeutic relationship and its influence in creating positive change.
(870) 343-9370 View (870) 343-9370
Photo of Allison M McArthur, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Mammoth Spring, AR
Allison M McArthur
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Jonesboro, AR 72401
Life can be messy and complicated, and finding a therapist to trust and connect with can seem extremely daunting. If you are seeking a retreat from the storms of your life, I would love to help you. I bring my non-judgmental, down-to-earth style to every session, and have a special passion for work with the LGBTQ+ community and people with dual diagnosis, substance use and mental heath. I have experience treating those with depression, PTSD/trauma response, anxiety, ADHD, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, divorce, work stress, relationship issues and anyone recently discharged from psychiatric hospitalization.
Life can be messy and complicated, and finding a therapist to trust and connect with can seem extremely daunting. If you are seeking a retreat from the storms of your life, I would love to help you. I bring my non-judgmental, down-to-earth style to every session, and have a special passion for work with the LGBTQ+ community and people with dual diagnosis, substance use and mental heath. I have experience treating those with depression, PTSD/trauma response, anxiety, ADHD, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, divorce, work stress, relationship issues and anyone recently discharged from psychiatric hospitalization.
(870) 686-3906 View (870) 686-3906
Photo of Wendell Edward Smith, Licensed Professional Counselor in Mammoth Spring, AR
Wendell Edward Smith
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified
Jonesboro, AR 72401  (Online Only)
Licensed Professional Counselor with Specialization for Supervision. Available to do therapy with family, adult, couples and children. I have a heart for people and like to see people overcome their problems in life. Working with clients to help empower them with support, empathy, and unconditional positive regard. Building a working alliance with clients to facilitate a healthy therapeutic rapport. I am flexible in my approach, working on a variety of problems including, depression, anxiety, grief, PTSD, ADHD, ODD, and many other disorders. Clients will develop an increased self awareness that will facilitate growth.
Licensed Professional Counselor with Specialization for Supervision. Available to do therapy with family, adult, couples and children. I have a heart for people and like to see people overcome their problems in life. Working with clients to help empower them with support, empathy, and unconditional positive regard. Building a working alliance with clients to facilitate a healthy therapeutic rapport. I am flexible in my approach, working on a variety of problems including, depression, anxiety, grief, PTSD, ADHD, ODD, and many other disorders. Clients will develop an increased self awareness that will facilitate growth.
(833) 906-0026 View (833) 906-0026
Photo of Katrina R Adams, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Mammoth Spring, AR
Katrina R Adams
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Jonesboro, AR 72401
Going through traumatic experiences can have a serious impact on one's life. The consequences of trauma can lead to poor functioning & disruption in daily routines, relationships, work, & overall sense of wellbeing. It can lead to difficulties in regulating emotions & coping with stress. Additionally, trauma can impact a person's beliefs about themselves, others, and the world - leading to feelings of blame, shame, guilt, & a loss of trust. Overall, trauma can significantly impair an individual's ability to feel safe, connected, & in control of their life. Does this sound familiar to you? If so, I am here to help & support you.
Going through traumatic experiences can have a serious impact on one's life. The consequences of trauma can lead to poor functioning & disruption in daily routines, relationships, work, & overall sense of wellbeing. It can lead to difficulties in regulating emotions & coping with stress. Additionally, trauma can impact a person's beliefs about themselves, others, and the world - leading to feelings of blame, shame, guilt, & a loss of trust. Overall, trauma can significantly impair an individual's ability to feel safe, connected, & in control of their life. Does this sound familiar to you? If so, I am here to help & support you.
(870) 359-8278 View (870) 359-8278
Photo of Kayla Riley, Counselor in Mammoth Spring, AR
Kayla Riley
Counselor, EdS, MS, LAC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Searcy, AR 72143
I have a passion for working with people seeking to find healing, growth, and a sense of identity in their lives. I strive to provide a calm, safe, and supportive space for all people. I have experience with career counseling, assessment, family, couples, and individual therapy formats dealing with a variety of issues, including family and/or marital conflict, anxiety, depression, trauma, grief, etc.. I work alongside my clients to help empower and support them on their individual journeys.
I have a passion for working with people seeking to find healing, growth, and a sense of identity in their lives. I strive to provide a calm, safe, and supportive space for all people. I have experience with career counseling, assessment, family, couples, and individual therapy formats dealing with a variety of issues, including family and/or marital conflict, anxiety, depression, trauma, grief, etc.. I work alongside my clients to help empower and support them on their individual journeys.
(501) 263-2536 View (501) 263-2536

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Mammoth Spring, AR

< 10

Therapists in Mammoth Spring, AR who prioritize treating:

100% Relationship Issues
100% Depression
100% Anxiety
100% Addiction
100% Child
100% ADHD
100% Domestic Abuse

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

100% Aetna
100% BlueCross and BlueShield
100% Medicaid

How Therapists in Mammoth Spring, AR see their clients

100% In Person and Online

Gender breakdown

100% Female

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Mammoth Spring?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.