Therapists in Walnut Valley, Little Rock, AR

Photo of Crystal Pace, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Walnut Valley, Little Rock, AR
Crystal Pace
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, EMDR II, CCATP, CCPT-II, BSP
Verified
2 Endorsed
Walnut Valley, Little Rock, AR 72211
We are often dealt circumstances that are beyond our understanding and personal control. Many of these experiences distort our perception of who we truly are. My practice focuses on liberation- by overcoming the impact of childhood trauma, shame, eating disorders, self-esteem, anxiety, or difficulty attaching (codependency or anti-dependency). My goal is to join you in your discovery that change is possible. Treatment formats include IFS (parts work), EMDR, Brainspotting, and experiential therapies by Pia Melody's work on childhood trauma/codependency.
We are often dealt circumstances that are beyond our understanding and personal control. Many of these experiences distort our perception of who we truly are. My practice focuses on liberation- by overcoming the impact of childhood trauma, shame, eating disorders, self-esteem, anxiety, or difficulty attaching (codependency or anti-dependency). My goal is to join you in your discovery that change is possible. Treatment formats include IFS (parts work), EMDR, Brainspotting, and experiential therapies by Pia Melody's work on childhood trauma/codependency.
(501) 381-7384 View (501) 381-7384
Photo of Josh H. Strickland, Licensed Professional Counselor in Walnut Valley, Little Rock, AR
Josh H. Strickland
Licensed Professional Counselor, EdS, LPC, NCC
Verified
2 Endorsed
Walnut Valley, Little Rock, AR 72211
Josh has experience working with adolescents, adults, and couples and is well versed in grief therapy, anxiety and depression, issues pertaining to suicide, issues pertaining to the LGBTQ+ community, and special issues pertaining to adolescents. He is currently a part-time faculty member with the University of Arkansas at Little Rock and has held other various professorial positions. He has worked on several non-profit boards advancing the access to mental health resources, educating the public on depression and suicide, working for the rights of minorities, and educating the public on issues pertaining to veterans
Josh has experience working with adolescents, adults, and couples and is well versed in grief therapy, anxiety and depression, issues pertaining to suicide, issues pertaining to the LGBTQ+ community, and special issues pertaining to adolescents. He is currently a part-time faculty member with the University of Arkansas at Little Rock and has held other various professorial positions. He has worked on several non-profit boards advancing the access to mental health resources, educating the public on depression and suicide, working for the rights of minorities, and educating the public on issues pertaining to veterans
(501) 289-5689 View (501) 289-5689
Photo of Andrew Roach, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Walnut Valley, Little Rock, AR
Andrew Roach
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Walnut Valley, Little Rock, AR 72211
Andrew Roach, a native of Monroe, Louisiana, has been a clinician in Arkansas since 1994. He has 25 years of experience working with the chronic mentally ill in both the inpatient and outpatient settings and been in private practice for over a decade, serving community members of Central Arkansas.
Andrew Roach, a native of Monroe, Louisiana, has been a clinician in Arkansas since 1994. He has 25 years of experience working with the chronic mentally ill in both the inpatient and outpatient settings and been in private practice for over a decade, serving community members of Central Arkansas.
(501) 290-4176 View (501) 290-4176
Photo of Samantha Golden, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Walnut Valley, Little Rock, AR
Samantha Golden
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, LADAC
Verified
Walnut Valley, Little Rock, AR 72211
Samantha Golden is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker and Licensed Alcohol Drug Abuse Counselor at Alleviant Health Centers of Little Rock. She believes in meeting the person where they are currently at and helping them work towards their desired goals while reducing symptoms to reduce challenges and increase healing.
Samantha Golden is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker and Licensed Alcohol Drug Abuse Counselor at Alleviant Health Centers of Little Rock. She believes in meeting the person where they are currently at and helping them work towards their desired goals while reducing symptoms to reduce challenges and increase healing.
(501) 426-6434 View (501) 426-6434
Photo of Charlie Simpson, Marriage & Family Therapist in Walnut Valley, Little Rock, AR
Charlie Simpson
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, LPC
Verified
4 Endorsed
Walnut Valley, Little Rock, AR 72211
Are you tired of going through the motions in life or your relationship? Feeling STUCK or simply worried? My approach has helped hundreds couples and individuals overcome strenuous challenges and master the skills to maintain healthy relationships and lifestyles. My approach is simple, I use evidence-based tools and models to help couples and individuals target personal growth. I'm currently completing supervision for Gottman Method Couples Therapy and Emotionally Focused couples therapy which is greatly utilized during sessions.
Are you tired of going through the motions in life or your relationship? Feeling STUCK or simply worried? My approach has helped hundreds couples and individuals overcome strenuous challenges and master the skills to maintain healthy relationships and lifestyles. My approach is simple, I use evidence-based tools and models to help couples and individuals target personal growth. I'm currently completing supervision for Gottman Method Couples Therapy and Emotionally Focused couples therapy which is greatly utilized during sessions.
(501) 235-8736 View (501) 235-8736
Photo of Joshua Halamek, Licensed Professional Counselor in Walnut Valley, Little Rock, AR
Joshua Halamek
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, MS
Verified
Walnut Valley, Little Rock, AR 72211
Life has challenging moments and obstacles and having someone to work with you on your journey can help make the impossible become possible. Are you looking to heal and build a better path? Do past events or daily stressors overwhelm you? Do you feel like you've attempted to make change or work through your emotional pain but nothing seems to be working? Often it can be frustrating when you've feel that you have exhausted your options to building a better path.
Life has challenging moments and obstacles and having someone to work with you on your journey can help make the impossible become possible. Are you looking to heal and build a better path? Do past events or daily stressors overwhelm you? Do you feel like you've attempted to make change or work through your emotional pain but nothing seems to be working? Often it can be frustrating when you've feel that you have exhausted your options to building a better path.
(501) 214-5812 View (501) 214-5812
Photo of Serenity Health & Wellness, LLC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Walnut Valley, Little Rock, AR
Serenity Health & Wellness, LLC
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Walnut Valley, Little Rock, AR 72211
Marsha Sproling is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker who provides therapy to adolescents and adults using a client- centered, eclectic approach tailored to the unique needs of each client. Preferred treatment approaches include Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Supportive therapy, EMDR, Integrative Sandtray Therapy, and Dialectical Behavioral Therapy. I believes that change happens when people are given the support needed to draw on their own strengths and realize their potential to live a fulfilling, happy life. I have over 13 years experience in a variety of settings with diverse clients providing both long term and brief treatment.
Marsha Sproling is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker who provides therapy to adolescents and adults using a client- centered, eclectic approach tailored to the unique needs of each client. Preferred treatment approaches include Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Supportive therapy, EMDR, Integrative Sandtray Therapy, and Dialectical Behavioral Therapy. I believes that change happens when people are given the support needed to draw on their own strengths and realize their potential to live a fulfilling, happy life. I have over 13 years experience in a variety of settings with diverse clients providing both long term and brief treatment.
(501) 271-3655 View (501) 271-3655
Photo of Chelsea Taylor, Counselor in Walnut Valley, Little Rock, AR
Chelsea Taylor
Counselor, LAC
Verified
4 Endorsed
Walnut Valley, Little Rock, AR 72212  (Online Only)
Welcome to Chat Wit Chels Counseling Services! We are a virtual Mental Health Therapy practice. We serve millennial men and women struggling with anxiety, depression, life transitions and trauma. Let us help you overcome day to day challenges and feel empowered again. My goal is to walk alongside individuals who are struggling to heal from past experiences, and help them navigate through current changes in their lives, and enable them to live their most authentic lives.
Welcome to Chat Wit Chels Counseling Services! We are a virtual Mental Health Therapy practice. We serve millennial men and women struggling with anxiety, depression, life transitions and trauma. Let us help you overcome day to day challenges and feel empowered again. My goal is to walk alongside individuals who are struggling to heal from past experiences, and help them navigate through current changes in their lives, and enable them to live their most authentic lives.
(501) 506-3188 View (501) 506-3188
Photo of Lucy Ellen Towbin, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Walnut Valley, Little Rock, AR
Lucy Ellen Towbin
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Walnut Valley, Little Rock, AR 72211
My ideal client is one who is motivated to work to make improvements in their life and makes our appointments a priority. We work as a team and you will get the most out of your therapy if you also work in between sessions toward your goals.
My ideal client is one who is motivated to work to make improvements in their life and makes our appointments a priority. We work as a team and you will get the most out of your therapy if you also work in between sessions toward your goals.
(501) 443-5547 View (501) 443-5547
Photo of Peggy P Miller, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Walnut Valley, Little Rock, AR
Peggy P Miller
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Walnut Valley, Little Rock, AR 72211
Life is much easier when we learn that we can improve or even control our reaction to most difficulties facing us. Learn to change "reaction" to "response," indicating a thoughtful, healthful method of reply. The ideal client will begin therapy with an open mind, a need for change, and a willingness to participate in his/her own growth process. Once you get curious about yourself, we can go places!
Life is much easier when we learn that we can improve or even control our reaction to most difficulties facing us. Learn to change "reaction" to "response," indicating a thoughtful, healthful method of reply. The ideal client will begin therapy with an open mind, a need for change, and a willingness to participate in his/her own growth process. Once you get curious about yourself, we can go places!
(501) 305-0766 View (501) 305-0766
Photo of Ruth Eudy, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Walnut Valley, Little Rock, AR
Ruth Eudy
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, PhD, LCSW
Verified
Walnut Valley, Little Rock, AR 72211
Growth is a continuing journey through the different stages and transitions of our lives. Each person’s needs are unique. My therapy focuses on finding what those needs are for you, guided by your own intuition, strengths, and goals to fit your particular life experience.
Growth is a continuing journey through the different stages and transitions of our lives. Each person’s needs are unique. My therapy focuses on finding what those needs are for you, guided by your own intuition, strengths, and goals to fit your particular life experience.
(501) 521-1470 View (501) 521-1470
Photo of Nichole James, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Walnut Valley, Little Rock, AR
Nichole James
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Walnut Valley, Little Rock, AR 72211
Sometimes, unexpected life events, loss or difficult relationships can cause us to feel stuck, out of control, or even that we have lost our value or purpose. I’d love to help you discover your strengths, teach you new skills, and equip you with tools that will help you walk forward with confidence.
Sometimes, unexpected life events, loss or difficult relationships can cause us to feel stuck, out of control, or even that we have lost our value or purpose. I’d love to help you discover your strengths, teach you new skills, and equip you with tools that will help you walk forward with confidence.
(501) 391-1958 View (501) 391-1958
Photo of Serenity Health & Wellness, LLC, Licensed Professional Counselor in Walnut Valley, Little Rock, AR
Serenity Health & Wellness, LLC
Licensed Professional Counselor, NCC, LPC, ICST, EMDR
Verified
1 Endorsed
Walnut Valley, Little Rock, AR 72211
Sharika Sproling is a Licensed Processional Counselor in Arkansas , as well as a Licensed Professional Counselor in Illinois. Sharika finds that an eclectic approach to therapy is beneficial. She is motivated and passionate about assisting others with their mental health needs and promoting healing.My areas of expertise include: anxiety, depression, trauma, attention deficit disorders, adults and teens with self-injurious behaviors/behavior issues, phase of life changes, life stresses, emotional regulation, problems in relationships, substance abuse, psychosis, mood instability, cultural issues, grief and/or unresolved losses. LGBT
Sharika Sproling is a Licensed Processional Counselor in Arkansas , as well as a Licensed Professional Counselor in Illinois. Sharika finds that an eclectic approach to therapy is beneficial. She is motivated and passionate about assisting others with their mental health needs and promoting healing.My areas of expertise include: anxiety, depression, trauma, attention deficit disorders, adults and teens with self-injurious behaviors/behavior issues, phase of life changes, life stresses, emotional regulation, problems in relationships, substance abuse, psychosis, mood instability, cultural issues, grief and/or unresolved losses. LGBT
(501) 271-3741 View (501) 271-3741
Photo of Joe Boatwright, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Walnut Valley, Little Rock, AR
Joe Boatwright
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW, BCD, ACSW
Verified
Walnut Valley, Little Rock, AR 72211
My goal as a therapist is to help people become more the master of their lives so they are living as fully, effectively, and joyfully as they want. I help clients resolve past traumas & issues and gain new skills in self-confidence, relationships, and accomplishing life's goals. During my 30+ years as a therapist, I have taught psychotherapy at graduate schools (8 years) in Indonesia and The Philippines as well as maintaining a full-time private practice specializing in depression, grief, relationships, parenting, divorce, phobias, anxiety, anger management, PTSD with military personnel and survivors of trauma / abuse; and cross-cultural & inter-faith issues.
My goal as a therapist is to help people become more the master of their lives so they are living as fully, effectively, and joyfully as they want. I help clients resolve past traumas & issues and gain new skills in self-confidence, relationships, and accomplishing life's goals. During my 30+ years as a therapist, I have taught psychotherapy at graduate schools (8 years) in Indonesia and The Philippines as well as maintaining a full-time private practice specializing in depression, grief, relationships, parenting, divorce, phobias, anxiety, anger management, PTSD with military personnel and survivors of trauma / abuse; and cross-cultural & inter-faith issues.
(501) 492-6232 View (501) 492-6232
Photo of Yolanda McCallum, Counselor in Walnut Valley, Little Rock, AR
Yolanda McCallum
Counselor, M Ed, LPC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Walnut Valley, Little Rock, AR 72211  (Online Only)
Are you struggling with feeling overwhelmed or suffering from anxiety, stress or trauma? Are you having a hard time managing a crisis or disruptive event in your life? Do you battle with feelings of depression or low- self-esteem? OR are you just not happy or have not found fulfillment in your life, your career or your relationships? I can help you work through these things. I believe that achieving wholeness and mental wellness takes strategic work but does not have to take forever.
Are you struggling with feeling overwhelmed or suffering from anxiety, stress or trauma? Are you having a hard time managing a crisis or disruptive event in your life? Do you battle with feelings of depression or low- self-esteem? OR are you just not happy or have not found fulfillment in your life, your career or your relationships? I can help you work through these things. I believe that achieving wholeness and mental wellness takes strategic work but does not have to take forever.
(501) 251-6864 View (501) 251-6864
Photo of Lisa Lewis, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Walnut Valley, Little Rock, AR
Lisa Lewis
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Walnut Valley, Little Rock, AR 72211
My model for therapeutic recovery comes from 20+ years of clinical experience. I have assisted a variety of individuals discover their true potential and find ways to cope with and embrace the obstacles in their life. I have treated children, adolescents and adults in both inpatient and outpatient settings. I specialize in treating children and adolescents with behavioral problems, learning disabilities, abuse issues and mood disorders. I work with adults who suffer with depression, anxiety, addictions and relationship issues.
My model for therapeutic recovery comes from 20+ years of clinical experience. I have assisted a variety of individuals discover their true potential and find ways to cope with and embrace the obstacles in their life. I have treated children, adolescents and adults in both inpatient and outpatient settings. I specialize in treating children and adolescents with behavioral problems, learning disabilities, abuse issues and mood disorders. I work with adults who suffer with depression, anxiety, addictions and relationship issues.
(501) 436-4564 View (501) 436-4564
Photo of Karen L Fry, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Walnut Valley, Little Rock, AR
Karen L Fry
Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Verified
Walnut Valley, Little Rock, AR 72211
Not accepting new clients
It’s like your life has been split apart. There was the you from before this devastating loss –happy, hopeful, and enthusiastic for the future. And then there’s you now – confused, angry, and unspeakably sad. You had a plan for your life that gave you comfort and security, but all at once, it disappeared. It’s difficult to accept what’s happened, let alone begin to actually process it. You’re unsure where to go from here, and even worse, you don’t really care. It’s like an integral part of what made you yourself has been taken away, and you don’t know who you are now. You can’t see any way forward, and it feels hopeless.
It’s like your life has been split apart. There was the you from before this devastating loss –happy, hopeful, and enthusiastic for the future. And then there’s you now – confused, angry, and unspeakably sad. You had a plan for your life that gave you comfort and security, but all at once, it disappeared. It’s difficult to accept what’s happened, let alone begin to actually process it. You’re unsure where to go from here, and even worse, you don’t really care. It’s like an integral part of what made you yourself has been taken away, and you don’t know who you are now. You can’t see any way forward, and it feels hopeless.
(501) 361-3245 View (501) 361-3245
Photo of Theresa Qualls, Licensed Professional Counselor in Walnut Valley, Little Rock, AR
Theresa Qualls
Licensed Professional Counselor, MACP, LPC
Verified
4 Endorsed
Walnut Valley, Little Rock, AR 72211
Do you know your heart matters? It requires courage to explore your heart's history with another. And, it's natural to feel uncertain when searching for help with your concerns. Whether you are seeking a solution, or acceptance of something without a solution, psychotherapy offers a unique space for attention, acceptance, exploration, and growth. I am a licensed counselor, psychotherapist, and teacher who enjoys listening to the hearts of others. I love providing a safe, accepting, confidential space for clients to explore their life stories, share their pain, and learn to honor and interpret their heart's deepest desires.
Do you know your heart matters? It requires courage to explore your heart's history with another. And, it's natural to feel uncertain when searching for help with your concerns. Whether you are seeking a solution, or acceptance of something without a solution, psychotherapy offers a unique space for attention, acceptance, exploration, and growth. I am a licensed counselor, psychotherapist, and teacher who enjoys listening to the hearts of others. I love providing a safe, accepting, confidential space for clients to explore their life stories, share their pain, and learn to honor and interpret their heart's deepest desires.
(501) 303-4154 View (501) 303-4154
Photo of Arkansas Relationship Counseling Center, Marriage & Family Therapist in Walnut Valley, Little Rock, AR
Arkansas Relationship Counseling Center
Marriage & Family Therapist
Verified
Walnut Valley, Little Rock, AR 72211
Are you beginning to feel hopeless in your relationship? Feel as if "we are living as roommates?" Our services have helped couples and individuals overcome strenuous challenges and master the skills to maintain healthy relationships and lifestyles. Our approach is simple, we use evidence-based tools and models that have helped thousands of couples and individuals target personal growth. We know that you can experience a healthy relationship and move forward differently from the past.
Are you beginning to feel hopeless in your relationship? Feel as if "we are living as roommates?" Our services have helped couples and individuals overcome strenuous challenges and master the skills to maintain healthy relationships and lifestyles. Our approach is simple, we use evidence-based tools and models that have helped thousands of couples and individuals target personal growth. We know that you can experience a healthy relationship and move forward differently from the past.
(501) 404-9446 View (501) 404-9446
Photo of Pam Giardina, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Walnut Valley, Little Rock, AR
Pam Giardina
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Walnut Valley, Little Rock, AR 72211
Pam Giardina, LCSW, comes with thirty years of experience working with children and families facing stress. She spent twenty-five years as a Child Life Specialist at Arkansas Children's Hospital helping children and families cope with trauma, hospitalization, surgical procedures, and chronic illnesses. Obtaining a masters degree in social work was a way to develop and utilize her extensive experience outside of the acute care environment. She now uses evidenced-based therapies to help children, adults, and families with trauma including sexual abuse, physical abuse, life-changing accidents, and death.
Pam Giardina, LCSW, comes with thirty years of experience working with children and families facing stress. She spent twenty-five years as a Child Life Specialist at Arkansas Children's Hospital helping children and families cope with trauma, hospitalization, surgical procedures, and chronic illnesses. Obtaining a masters degree in social work was a way to develop and utilize her extensive experience outside of the acute care environment. She now uses evidenced-based therapies to help children, adults, and families with trauma including sexual abuse, physical abuse, life-changing accidents, and death.
(501) 290-4110 View (501) 290-4110

See more therapy options for Walnut Valley, Little Rock

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Walnut Valley, Little Rock, AR

30+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in Walnut Valley, Little Rock, AR who prioritize treating:

97% Anxiety
95% Depression
72% Relationship Issues
72% Coping Skills
72% Self Esteem
69% Grief
69% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

90% BlueCross and BlueShield
55% Blue Cross
55% Ambetter

How Therapists in Walnut Valley, Little Rock, AR see their clients

85% In Person and Online
15% Online Only

Gender breakdown

75% Female
25% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Walnut Valley, Little Rock?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.