Melanie Handelsman
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MA, AMFT, EMDR Verified
Santa Monica, CA 90401
Are you struggling with behavior patterns that no longer serve you? Are feelings of stress and anxiety overwhelming you? Are you immersed in persistent negative thoughts? Let’s collaborate to ease these obstacles, and help you move towards well-being, calm, and more fulfillment.
(424) 387-3830
Verified
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Santa Monica, CA 90401
Are you struggling with behavior patterns that no longer serve you? Are feelings of stress and anxiety overwhelming you? Are you immersed in persistent negative thoughts? Let’s collaborate to ease these obstacles, and help you move towards well-being, calm, and more fulfillment.
Photo of Joe Davis, Marriage & Family Therapist
Joe Davis
Marriage & Family Therapist, PhD, PsyD, MFT Verified
Santa Monica, CA 90403
Anyone who experiences depression, anxiety, relationship problems, life transitions, issues of identity, or cultural conflicts can benefit from collaborative work with a skilled psychotherapist.
We try to make sense of our lives through telling our stories, but when we are unable to find the words, we express ourselves in other ways, such as in symptoms, dreams, and behaviors that we don't understand. My previous training in fine arts and filmmaking (MFA, USC School of Cinema) make an excellent fit with the type of in-depth therapy I provide. I have a wide range of professional experiences from my private practice, in residential and outpatient clinics, as an adjunct professor of psychology at Antioch University, and as a supervisor training other therapists.
(310) 879-5964
Verified
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Santa Monica, CA 90403
Anyone who experiences depression, anxiety, relationship problems, life transitions, issues of identity, or cultural conflicts can benefit from collaborative work with a skilled psychotherapist.
We try to make sense of our lives through telling our stories, but when we are unable to find the words, we express ourselves in other ways, such as in symptoms, dreams, and behaviors that we don't understand. My previous training in fine arts and filmmaking (MFA, USC School of Cinema) make an excellent fit with the type of in-depth therapy I provide. I have a wide range of professional experiences from my private practice, in residential and outpatient clinics, as an adjunct professor of psychology at Antioch University, and as a supervisor training other therapists.
Photo of Jann Sharlene Hoffman - Certified Hypnotherapist,
Jann Sharlene Hoffman - Certified Hypnotherapist
Santa Monica, CA 90403
Offers online therapy
Jann Sharlene Hoffman - Life can be very challenging at times. I love helping people! Fear, anxiety, procrastination, low self-esteem, unhealthy habits are some of the blocks that prevent you from fulfilling your life. It doesn't have to be this way. I teach you tools through talking, mindfulness,meditation, laughter and hypnosis. I have been doing this work for almost 29 years. I can't express how wonderful it feels to help you become a better person for yourself and for your own life. Let's begin the journey. Don't wait! anymore.
(818) 237-9128
Verified
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Santa Monica, CA 90403
Offers online therapy
Jann Sharlene Hoffman - Life can be very challenging at times. I love helping people! Fear, anxiety, procrastination, low self-esteem, unhealthy habits are some of the blocks that prevent you from fulfilling your life. It doesn't have to be this way. I teach you tools through talking, mindfulness,meditation, laughter and hypnosis. I have been doing this work for almost 29 years. I can't express how wonderful it feels to help you become a better person for yourself and for your own life. Let's begin the journey. Don't wait! anymore.
Photo of Ryan Scott Brewer, Marriage & Family Therapist
Ryan Scott Brewer
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT Verified
Santa Monica, CA 90405
Offers online therapy
So many of us come to therapy because we are hurting. Whether this hurt manifests as relationship issues, addiction, anxiety, depression, or stress about world events, I love helping people discover their inner strengths by healing the parts inside that hurt. Wounds from the past, coupled with internal conflict and judgements about self and others stifle one's ability to grow and change. By compassionately healing these wounds and releasing judgments we quite naturally feel more whole, connected, and joyful! In this space we are free to create the life we want.
(323) 616-2236
Verified
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Santa Monica, CA 90405
Offers online therapy
So many of us come to therapy because we are hurting. Whether this hurt manifests as relationship issues, addiction, anxiety, depression, or stress about world events, I love helping people discover their inner strengths by healing the parts inside that hurt. Wounds from the past, coupled with internal conflict and judgements about self and others stifle one's ability to grow and change. By compassionately healing these wounds and releasing judgments we quite naturally feel more whole, connected, and joyful! In this space we are free to create the life we want.
Hannah Campbell
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT Verified
Santa Monica, CA 90405
Offers online therapy
My specialties include relationships, communication and intimacy, premarital counseling, trauma, grief, later-in-life processing, adolescents, and anxiety and depression.
I'm glad you're here: you have taken a courageous and healing step by seeking support. I provide an integrative, resiliency-focused approach to therapy, pulling from your strengths and values to guide our work and help you regain a sense of mastery, meaning, and connection in your life. My perspective is that we are built to survive and often develop ways of relating which once helped us get by, but may no longer be helpful to a current situation. My goal is to form a safe connection to explore these factors that may contribute to ongoing difficulties, re-process experiences, and ultimately co-create your next chapter.
(424) 322-6952
Verified
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Santa Monica, CA 90405
Offers online therapy
My specialties include relationships, communication and intimacy, premarital counseling, trauma, grief, later-in-life processing, adolescents, and anxiety and depression.
I'm glad you're here: you have taken a courageous and healing step by seeking support. I provide an integrative, resiliency-focused approach to therapy, pulling from your strengths and values to guide our work and help you regain a sense of mastery, meaning, and connection in your life. My perspective is that we are built to survive and often develop ways of relating which once helped us get by, but may no longer be helpful to a current situation. My goal is to form a safe connection to explore these factors that may contribute to ongoing difficulties, re-process experiences, and ultimately co-create your next chapter.
Photo of Meggie Purpura, Marriage & Family Therapist
Meggie Purpura
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT Verified
Santa Monica, CA 90405
Offers online therapy
I offer psychotherapy for adolescents, adults, and families, and have a specialty in treating stress and anxiety in teen girls.
I strive to create a comfortable and safe environment, encouraging you to deeply explore your life experiences and identify where and how to create positive change. Together we will work towards healing hurt and trauma from your past. I will gently push you to challenge outdated belief systems that may be keeping you stuck or creating disharmony in your relationships. With curiosity and compassion, I hope to uncover your authentic needs, strengths, and personal values to help you grow towards a more meaningful life.
(310) 742-1727
Verified
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Santa Monica, CA 90405
Offers online therapy
I offer psychotherapy for adolescents, adults, and families, and have a specialty in treating stress and anxiety in teen girls.
I strive to create a comfortable and safe environment, encouraging you to deeply explore your life experiences and identify where and how to create positive change. Together we will work towards healing hurt and trauma from your past. I will gently push you to challenge outdated belief systems that may be keeping you stuck or creating disharmony in your relationships. With curiosity and compassion, I hope to uncover your authentic needs, strengths, and personal values to help you grow towards a more meaningful life.
Photo of Thomas O'Malley, Marriage & Family Therapist
Thomas O'Malley
Marriage & Family Therapist, MFT Verified
Santa Monica, CA 90401
Offers online therapy
If you suffer from anxiety, depression, low self-esteem, relationship issues, or a repeating of old patterns, then EMDR could work for you.
I specialize in EMDR, I offer state of the art, technology to aid in the delivery of EMDR Therapy. If you suffer for any form of trauma or have trouble falling or staying asleep, guilt, shame and regret, anxiety or depression. If you suffer from low self-esteem, relationship issues, or repeating old patterns, then EMDR could work for you. Clients that have been in therapy for years using other modalities are often surprised at how quickly they can drop their emotional baggage and create the life they want. I also offer CBT, Narrative, Mindfulness, and Anger Management Therapy.
(424) 238-6494
Verified
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Santa Monica, CA 90401
Offers online therapy
If you suffer from anxiety, depression, low self-esteem, relationship issues, or a repeating of old patterns, then EMDR could work for you.
I specialize in EMDR, I offer state of the art, technology to aid in the delivery of EMDR Therapy. If you suffer for any form of trauma or have trouble falling or staying asleep, guilt, shame and regret, anxiety or depression. If you suffer from low self-esteem, relationship issues, or repeating old patterns, then EMDR could work for you. Clients that have been in therapy for years using other modalities are often surprised at how quickly they can drop their emotional baggage and create the life they want. I also offer CBT, Narrative, Mindfulness, and Anger Management Therapy.
Photo of Edwin M Greenberg, Psychologist
Edwin M Greenberg
Psychologist, PhD Verified
Santa Monica, CA 90402
Offers online therapy
Although you’re probably not seeking a therapist who specializes in bolstering your inner strength with the will-to-live, minimal willpower might have played a critical role in the issues you’re still seeking help for. Like others with low inner strength due to deficient willpower you might have succumbed to various fears of falling short. And due to your fears you avoided risk-taking, which further sunk your confidence. So if after all was said and done you still struggle with fear-based issues, greater willpower can be a deciding factor. For it enables you to quell your fears and calmly contend with your unfinished issues.
(424) 221-5135
Verified
View

Santa Monica, CA 90402
Offers online therapy
Although you’re probably not seeking a therapist who specializes in bolstering your inner strength with the will-to-live, minimal willpower might have played a critical role in the issues you’re still seeking help for. Like others with low inner strength due to deficient willpower you might have succumbed to various fears of falling short. And due to your fears you avoided risk-taking, which further sunk your confidence. So if after all was said and done you still struggle with fear-based issues, greater willpower can be a deciding factor. For it enables you to quell your fears and calmly contend with your unfinished issues.
Photo of Mark Phelan, Marriage & Family Therapist
Mark Phelan
Marriage & Family Therapist, M Ed, MA, LMFT Verified
Santa Monica, CA 90403
Offers online therapy
Do you feel the need to improve an aspect of your life or yourself? Do you struggle to find passion or purpose in life? Whether you are experiencing difficulties with relationship issues, distress due to traumatic life events, or a general feeling of being stuck, I can help. I am also a longtime member of SAG/AFTRA and am very familiar with the stress related dynamics of the entertainment industry and the emotional toll the "biz" can take on you. You may feel self-doubt, lack of confidence, negative thought patterns that result in unnecessary goal oriented pressure that can result in increased anxiety and depression. I can help.
(424) 389-5105
Verified
View

Santa Monica, CA 90403
Offers online therapy
Do you feel the need to improve an aspect of your life or yourself? Do you struggle to find passion or purpose in life? Whether you are experiencing difficulties with relationship issues, distress due to traumatic life events, or a general feeling of being stuck, I can help. I am also a longtime member of SAG/AFTRA and am very familiar with the stress related dynamics of the entertainment industry and the emotional toll the "biz" can take on you. You may feel self-doubt, lack of confidence, negative thought patterns that result in unnecessary goal oriented pressure that can result in increased anxiety and depression. I can help.
Photo of Robert Grossbard, Psychologist
Robert Grossbard
Psychologist, PhD Verified
Santa Monica, CA 90403
Offers online therapy
Specialty areas include hypnosis for pain management, anxiety, depression, and habit control.
People who see me for the first time are often feeling overwhelmed, confused, depressed or anxious. Some people are unable to sleep, have distressing thoughts, or cannot control troublesome habits and behaviors. Others have have struggled with chronic pain due to injuries or illnesses. Many have endured the stigma of having a major mental illness which created difficulties in daily functioning, mood swings, or poor judgement and distorted thinking. And others have functioned well with significant achievements in their careers, family, and relationships but still feel empty inside, and cannot experience pleasure, meaning, or fulfillment from their lives.
(424) 570-1193
Verified
View

Santa Monica, CA 90403
Offers online therapy
Specialty areas include hypnosis for pain management, anxiety, depression, and habit control.
People who see me for the first time are often feeling overwhelmed, confused, depressed or anxious. Some people are unable to sleep, have distressing thoughts, or cannot control troublesome habits and behaviors. Others have have struggled with chronic pain due to injuries or illnesses. Many have endured the stigma of having a major mental illness which created difficulties in daily functioning, mood swings, or poor judgement and distorted thinking. And others have functioned well with significant achievements in their careers, family, and relationships but still feel empty inside, and cannot experience pleasure, meaning, or fulfillment from their lives.
Photo of Nicole Evans, Marriage & Family Therapist
Nicole Evans
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, MA Verified
Santa Monica, CA 90403
Offers online therapy
Are you struggling to find the motivation or focus to get through daily tasks? Do you feel like you are going through life alone or unsure about who you are? Or do you simply just need someone to listen and talk to? If so, I am here to help you. I specialize in working with teens, young adults, and adults with severe depression, anxiety, and low self-esteem, as well as families and couples trying to improve their overall relationship and communication with one another. I also provide therapy for grief/loss, trauma, relationship issues, self-acceptance, and identity issues.
(323) 498-1297
Verified
View

Santa Monica, CA 90403
Offers online therapy
Are you struggling to find the motivation or focus to get through daily tasks? Do you feel like you are going through life alone or unsure about who you are? Or do you simply just need someone to listen and talk to? If so, I am here to help you. I specialize in working with teens, young adults, and adults with severe depression, anxiety, and low self-esteem, as well as families and couples trying to improve their overall relationship and communication with one another. I also provide therapy for grief/loss, trauma, relationship issues, self-acceptance, and identity issues.
Photo of La Shaun N Lawson, Marriage & Family Therapist
La Shaun N Lawson
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT Verified
Santa Monica, CA 90401
Offers online therapy
My advanced training in depression, anxiety, trauma and couple’s therapy will help ease psychological symptoms and suffering in men, women, and adolescents.
Have you been having difficulties engaging in things you previously enjoyed? Are you isolating and finding it harder to talk to family and friends? If you are looking for a safe empowering space where you can heal, learn to love and accept yourself while reconnecting with your authentic self, you have already made the first step in improving your situation by visiting my profile.
(424) 322-6528
Verified
View

Santa Monica, CA 90401
Offers online therapy
My advanced training in depression, anxiety, trauma and couple’s therapy will help ease psychological symptoms and suffering in men, women, and adolescents.
Have you been having difficulties engaging in things you previously enjoyed? Are you isolating and finding it harder to talk to family and friends? If you are looking for a safe empowering space where you can heal, learn to love and accept yourself while reconnecting with your authentic self, you have already made the first step in improving your situation by visiting my profile.
Photo of Helen Zielinski Landon,
Helen Zielinski Landon
PhD Verified
Santa Monica, CA 90401
Offers online therapy
Many of my clients are new to the LA area, having moved here for work, school or a relationship . It can be nice to have someone besides your friends or family to talk to about personal struggles. Some of the things we might talk about are coping with life transition issues such as adjusting to life in LA, adjusting to working life after college, finding and maintaining relationships, coping with the aftermath of childhood abuse, managing depression and anxiety, improving self esteem, and increasing self compassion. Let me help you to find balance and increase self care in a safe, warm, non-judgmental and confidential space.
(310) 895-9123
Verified
View

Santa Monica, CA 90401
Offers online therapy
Many of my clients are new to the LA area, having moved here for work, school or a relationship . It can be nice to have someone besides your friends or family to talk to about personal struggles. Some of the things we might talk about are coping with life transition issues such as adjusting to life in LA, adjusting to working life after college, finding and maintaining relationships, coping with the aftermath of childhood abuse, managing depression and anxiety, improving self esteem, and increasing self compassion. Let me help you to find balance and increase self care in a safe, warm, non-judgmental and confidential space.
Gerardo Horischnik
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT Verified
Santa Monica, CA 90401
Offers online therapy
I believe people want to express who they are and pursue satisfying work and relationships, but have emotional and cognitive patterns that keep them stuck. These patterns often consolidate into a persona that leaves people feeling not quite themselves, with needs unrealized, feelings ignored, and potential unused. Symptoms of anxiety and depression, addictions, or low self-esteem, are often the only messengers trying to let us know that we are needing change. In a supportive and safe environment, therapy can help to bring these patterns into awareness and liberate needs to connect, create, and expand with fuller emotional support.
(310) 449-1125
Verified
View

Santa Monica, CA 90401
Offers online therapy
I believe people want to express who they are and pursue satisfying work and relationships, but have emotional and cognitive patterns that keep them stuck. These patterns often consolidate into a persona that leaves people feeling not quite themselves, with needs unrealized, feelings ignored, and potential unused. Symptoms of anxiety and depression, addictions, or low self-esteem, are often the only messengers trying to let us know that we are needing change. In a supportive and safe environment, therapy can help to bring these patterns into awareness and liberate needs to connect, create, and expand with fuller emotional support.
Photo of Nancy Hyland, Marriage & Family Therapist
Nancy Hyland
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT Verified
Santa Monica, CA 90405
Offers online therapy
Life is challenging, especially when you are overwhelmed by distressing thoughts and feelings. Whether you're dealing with a past trauma or current stressor, I can help relieve persistent sadness, grief or anxiety. I have extensive experience utilizing the latest techniques, based in neuroscience, to assist people struggling with emotional distress, low self esteem, relationship issues, trauma & violence, disordered eating & substance abuse. I can help ensure your past doesn't dictate your future, as together we address the underlying causes of your distress, in a safe and supportive environment that honors your individual needs, values, beliefs, and goals.
(310) 494-7127
Verified
View

Santa Monica, CA 90405
Offers online therapy
Life is challenging, especially when you are overwhelmed by distressing thoughts and feelings. Whether you're dealing with a past trauma or current stressor, I can help relieve persistent sadness, grief or anxiety. I have extensive experience utilizing the latest techniques, based in neuroscience, to assist people struggling with emotional distress, low self esteem, relationship issues, trauma & violence, disordered eating & substance abuse. I can help ensure your past doesn't dictate your future, as together we address the underlying causes of your distress, in a safe and supportive environment that honors your individual needs, values, beliefs, and goals.
Dr. Judi Bloom
Marriage & Family Therapist, PsyD, MFT Verified
Santa Monica, CA 90403
Offers online therapy
Hypnosis can change behaviors, reduce anxiety and increase self-esteem.
I help individuals and couples change their habits, patterns, and perspective in order to lead a more satisfying life. In addition to treating depression, anxiety, and addiction, I specialize in working with people facing midlife transitions--divorce, parenting challenges, career change, empty nest, grief. I don't just sit and listen; I actively engage you in the therapeutic process to make the concrete changes you desire in your life.I tailor therapy to the individual rather than "one size fits all", and also offer hypnotherapy. I can also help with issues around sexual harassment or abuse.
(310) 919-7834
Verified
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Santa Monica, CA 90403
Offers online therapy
Hypnosis can change behaviors, reduce anxiety and increase self-esteem.
I help individuals and couples change their habits, patterns, and perspective in order to lead a more satisfying life. In addition to treating depression, anxiety, and addiction, I specialize in working with people facing midlife transitions--divorce, parenting challenges, career change, empty nest, grief. I don't just sit and listen; I actively engage you in the therapeutic process to make the concrete changes you desire in your life.I tailor therapy to the individual rather than "one size fits all", and also offer hypnotherapy. I can also help with issues around sexual harassment or abuse.
Photo of Lena Dicken, Psychologist
Lena Dicken
Psychologist, PsyD Verified
Santa Monica, CA 90405
Offers online therapy
The process of therapy is one of self exploration and self discovery. Many of my clients seek therapy during life transitions or when experiencing relationship challenges. Some suffer from lack of self confidence, or are plagued by anxiety without an understanding of its cause. Through our work together I help people gain insight and understanding about the problems they’re encountering and become aware of unhelpful patterns they may be repeating. As a result of gaining new perspectives and understanding their emotional landscape on a deeper level, my clients often experience life in a more rich and meaningful way.
(424) 526-4288
Verified
View

Santa Monica, CA 90405
Offers online therapy
The process of therapy is one of self exploration and self discovery. Many of my clients seek therapy during life transitions or when experiencing relationship challenges. Some suffer from lack of self confidence, or are plagued by anxiety without an understanding of its cause. Through our work together I help people gain insight and understanding about the problems they’re encountering and become aware of unhelpful patterns they may be repeating. As a result of gaining new perspectives and understanding their emotional landscape on a deeper level, my clients often experience life in a more rich and meaningful way.
Photo of Carol Kahm, Marriage & Family Therapist
Carol Kahm
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT Verified
Santa Monica, CA 90402
Offers online therapy
I am a Licensed family and marriage therapist, licensed in California with over 15 years of experience working as a psychotherapist. I have worked with clients with a wide range of concerns including depression, anxiety, relationship issues, parenting problems, career challenges, addiction issues, family and marriage problems, grief and trauma. My counseling style is warm and interactive. I believe in treating everyone with respect, sensitivity, and compassion, and I don't believe in stigmatizing labels
(323) 475-6206
Verified
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Santa Monica, CA 90402
Offers online therapy
I am a Licensed family and marriage therapist, licensed in California with over 15 years of experience working as a psychotherapist. I have worked with clients with a wide range of concerns including depression, anxiety, relationship issues, parenting problems, career challenges, addiction issues, family and marriage problems, grief and trauma. My counseling style is warm and interactive. I believe in treating everyone with respect, sensitivity, and compassion, and I don't believe in stigmatizing labels
Photo of My LA Therapy, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
My LA Therapy
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, CNTS Verified
Santa Monica, CA 90401
Offers online therapy
To experience our deepest recesses of joy and peace, we must first have the courage to face our fears. That’s why our therapists use a wide range of research-proven therapy techniques to help transform anxiety, depression, and loneliness into joy, freedom, and connectedness. Whatever your situation, our goal is to help you find clarity, purpose, and strength. Through the therapy process, we will help you cultivate an unshakeable resiliency that you carry into every challenge you face. The purpose of our therapy practice is to help you become free from the grip of anxiety, depression, addiction, and hurtful relationships.
(424) 581-1903
Verified
View

Santa Monica, CA 90401
Offers online therapy
To experience our deepest recesses of joy and peace, we must first have the courage to face our fears. That’s why our therapists use a wide range of research-proven therapy techniques to help transform anxiety, depression, and loneliness into joy, freedom, and connectedness. Whatever your situation, our goal is to help you find clarity, purpose, and strength. Through the therapy process, we will help you cultivate an unshakeable resiliency that you carry into every challenge you face. The purpose of our therapy practice is to help you become free from the grip of anxiety, depression, addiction, and hurtful relationships.
Photo of Ellyn Singer, Marriage & Family Therapist
Ellyn Singer
Marriage & Family Therapist, PsyD, MFT, RN Verified
Santa Monica, CA 90403
Offers online therapy
Dr. Ellyn Singer has been working in mental health for nearly 28 years. Throughout the course of her career, Dr. Singer has treated adults/adolescents, couples and families experiencing depression, suicidality, anxiety, and addictive behaviors. She currently works in an intensive psychiatric facility as an individual/ family therapist. Dr. Singer also trains/supervises associates in Maternal Mental Health, Family/Child Therapy.
(310) 998-3300
Verified
View

Santa Monica, CA 90403
Offers online therapy
Dr. Ellyn Singer has been working in mental health for nearly 28 years. Throughout the course of her career, Dr. Singer has treated adults/adolescents, couples and families experiencing depression, suicidality, anxiety, and addictive behaviors. She currently works in an intensive psychiatric facility as an individual/ family therapist. Dr. Singer also trains/supervises associates in Maternal Mental Health, Family/Child Therapy.

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Anxiety Therapists
If you're looking for help with anxiety in Santa Monica or for a Santa Monica anxiety therapist, these therapists provide anxiety therapy and general anxiety treatment. They include anxiety therapists, anxiety psychologists in Santa Monica, anxiety psychotherapists and Santa Monica anxiety counselors. They can help with anxiety disorders, social anxiety, anxiety attacks, shyness, social anxiety in Santa Monica, anxiety depression and anxiety panic. They can help with Santa Monica anxiety Therapy, anxiety counseling in Santa Monica or counseling for anxiety and overcoming anxiety. Anxiety specialists who provide anxiety therapy in Santa Monica may act as an anxiety therapy in Santa Monica.

If your anxiety can be better explained as a feeling of fear and you're looking for help with fear therapy in Santa Monica, these therapists provide fear therapy and treatment for fear disorders, social fear and fear attacks in Santa Monica. They provide fear treatment, fear counseling in Santa Monica or counseling for fear and overcoming fear. They can help with fear of flying, fear of commitment, insecurity and coping with fear.

Anxiety is often expressed as phobia. For help with phobia in Santa Monica or for a Santa Monica phobia therapist these therapists provide phobia therapy, including exposure therapy, and phobia counseling. There are many defined phobias, including agoraphobia (intense fear of leaving a secure place), claustrophobia (fear or anxiety of places where it is hard to escape), social phobia and emetophobia (fear of vomiting).