Therapists in Smiths Station, AL

Photo of Lennie Wright, LPC Intern in Smiths Station, AL
Lennie Wright
LPC Intern, APC, NCC
Verified Verified
Smiths Station, AL 36877  (Online Only)
Life is hard! People think that they must pretend to be "okay" even when they're not okay. I aim to help clients recognize they are human and it's a healthy thing to experience emotions. I collaboratively work with my clients on learning how to process what life has dealt them and navigating the ups and downs in this journey called life. As I often tell my clients, ... "It's okay to not be okay!" I strive to help my clients achieve an optimal quality of life.
Life is hard! People think that they must pretend to be "okay" even when they're not okay. I aim to help clients recognize they are human and it's a healthy thing to experience emotions. I collaboratively work with my clients on learning how to process what life has dealt them and navigating the ups and downs in this journey called life. As I often tell my clients, ... "It's okay to not be okay!" I strive to help my clients achieve an optimal quality of life.
(334) 377-9619 View (334) 377-9619
Photo of Donna Cairns Plummer, Licensed Professional Counselor in Smiths Station, AL
Donna Cairns Plummer
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, CEAP, SAP
Verified Verified
Smiths Station, AL 36877
My treatment philosophy is to help clients understand their situation and selves better so they can cope effectively with any life crisis. People often have the answers to their situations but need a safe, supportive environment with a person who listens. I do solution-focused, CBT and client-centered therapy.
My treatment philosophy is to help clients understand their situation and selves better so they can cope effectively with any life crisis. People often have the answers to their situations but need a safe, supportive environment with a person who listens. I do solution-focused, CBT and client-centered therapy.
(762) 227-1662 View (762) 227-1662
Photo of John Michael Duffey, Licensed Professional Counselor in Smiths Station, AL
John Michael Duffey
Licensed Professional Counselor, MAcc, ABD, DMHA, NCC, LPC, CCBT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Smiths Station, AL 36877
PTSD doesn't develop only in those people who have experienced combat. You need a counselor who is aware of the many facets and forms of trauma and how they shape the person you are and how you experience the symptoms of PTSD. Veterans often have difficulty in working with therapists because many therapists have never experienced the military culture and the chaotic world of warfare. Having a therapist who is also a combat veteran enhances client trust, progress, and the working alliance. Having a counselor who is also aware of the trauma of Domestic Violence enhances your progress. I am very sensitive to the needs of PTSD people.
PTSD doesn't develop only in those people who have experienced combat. You need a counselor who is aware of the many facets and forms of trauma and how they shape the person you are and how you experience the symptoms of PTSD. Veterans often have difficulty in working with therapists because many therapists have never experienced the military culture and the chaotic world of warfare. Having a therapist who is also a combat veteran enhances client trust, progress, and the working alliance. Having a counselor who is also aware of the trauma of Domestic Violence enhances your progress. I am very sensitive to the needs of PTSD people.
(334) 408-4689 View (334) 408-4689
Photo of Jenny Marie Filush-Glaze, Licensed Professional Counselor in Smiths Station, AL
Jenny Marie Filush-Glaze
Licensed Professional Counselor, MEd, LPC
Verified Verified
Smiths Station, AL 36877
"My purpose today is clearer today than it has been in years: Love, Courage, Truth...The best way we can serve people is to listen." - Glennon Doyle Melton I chose this quote to emphasize that by "listening" to one another, by being present, we provide a safe place for those who are willing to sacrifice and own their pain by sharing it with others. As a Licensed Professional Counselor, I am here to walk alongside you as you process life's challenges and show you that by speaking your truth, by digging deep, together, we are able to demonstrate that taking care of our Mental Health is the ultimate sign of strength.
"My purpose today is clearer today than it has been in years: Love, Courage, Truth...The best way we can serve people is to listen." - Glennon Doyle Melton I chose this quote to emphasize that by "listening" to one another, by being present, we provide a safe place for those who are willing to sacrifice and own their pain by sharing it with others. As a Licensed Professional Counselor, I am here to walk alongside you as you process life's challenges and show you that by speaking your truth, by digging deep, together, we are able to demonstrate that taking care of our Mental Health is the ultimate sign of strength.
(334) 319-9988 View (334) 319-9988

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Fortified Minds & Courageous Conversations, LLC, Licensed Professional Counselor in Smiths Station, AL
Fortified Minds & Courageous Conversations, LLC
Licensed Professional Counselor, PhD, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Phenix City, AL 36867
Do you feel like stress, trauma, grief, or other life struggels are beginning to affect various areas in your life? Feeling like you can no longer compartmentalize? Maybe feelings of depression, anxiety, and/or shame are keeping your from being your best self. You dont have to suffer alone.
Do you feel like stress, trauma, grief, or other life struggels are beginning to affect various areas in your life? Feeling like you can no longer compartmentalize? Maybe feelings of depression, anxiety, and/or shame are keeping your from being your best self. You dont have to suffer alone.
(334) 367-5777 View (334) 367-5777
Photo of Janna O'Loughlin, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor in Smiths Station, AL
Janna O'Loughlin, LPC
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Phenix City, AL 36867
I provide counseling services to children, adolescents, adults, and families. At your first appointment, we will begin working together to set goals and create a plan for therapy. Sessions will be based on your therapy goals and will involve learning and practicing new skills to manage problems and improve overall health and well being. I work with clients to improve their ability to manage stress, problem solve, cope with distress, and to create a life they enjoy living.
I provide counseling services to children, adolescents, adults, and families. At your first appointment, we will begin working together to set goals and create a plan for therapy. Sessions will be based on your therapy goals and will involve learning and practicing new skills to manage problems and improve overall health and well being. I work with clients to improve their ability to manage stress, problem solve, cope with distress, and to create a life they enjoy living.
(706) 717-6457 View (706) 717-6457
Photo of Holly Borden, Counselor in Smiths Station, AL
Holly Borden
Counselor, MA, ALC, NCC
Verified Verified
Phenix City, AL 36869
I consider it a great honor to walk with you in your journey. I approach therapy and counseling through a trauma-informed, attachment based lens. Prior to pursuing a career in counseling, I spent 25 years in the field of physical therapy working with those suffering from physical pain. This previous experience in working with those suffering physically has given me insight into how our emotional and physical well-being are two sides of the same coin. Because of this experience, I strive to approach counseling from a holistic perspective paying close attention to the physical, emotional, and spiritual aspects of each person.
I consider it a great honor to walk with you in your journey. I approach therapy and counseling through a trauma-informed, attachment based lens. Prior to pursuing a career in counseling, I spent 25 years in the field of physical therapy working with those suffering from physical pain. This previous experience in working with those suffering physically has given me insight into how our emotional and physical well-being are two sides of the same coin. Because of this experience, I strive to approach counseling from a holistic perspective paying close attention to the physical, emotional, and spiritual aspects of each person.
(334) 292-8117 View (334) 292-8117
Photo of Amanda Hill Counseling Services, Licensed Professional Counselor in Smiths Station, AL
Amanda Hill Counseling Services
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, NCC, LPC
Verified Verified
Phenix City, AL 36867
Not accepting new clients
Hey! I am Amanda. I am a licensed professional counselor with over 8 years of experience working as a substance abuse and mental health counselor. I have worked with clients with a wide range of concerns including depression, anxiety, relationship issues, parenting problems, career challenges, bi-polar disorder, substance abuse, addiction, post-traumatic stress disorder, and ADHD. I have helped many people who have experienced physical abuse, sexual abuse, and/or emotional abuse, as well as trauma-related symptomology.
Hey! I am Amanda. I am a licensed professional counselor with over 8 years of experience working as a substance abuse and mental health counselor. I have worked with clients with a wide range of concerns including depression, anxiety, relationship issues, parenting problems, career challenges, bi-polar disorder, substance abuse, addiction, post-traumatic stress disorder, and ADHD. I have helped many people who have experienced physical abuse, sexual abuse, and/or emotional abuse, as well as trauma-related symptomology.
(706) 203-4169 View (706) 203-4169
Photo of Tiffany Gibson, Counselor in Smiths Station, AL
Tiffany Gibson
Counselor, Ed S, ALC, NCC
Verified Verified
Phenix City, AL 36867
No two people are the same. That’s why the approach that I take in my services is highly-personalized and refined to fit the exact needs of my clients. I will help you recognize your underlying problems, fully realize your strengths and help you adjust to a new, healthier lifestyle. Book your appointment at www.thejewelprofessor.com.
No two people are the same. That’s why the approach that I take in my services is highly-personalized and refined to fit the exact needs of my clients. I will help you recognize your underlying problems, fully realize your strengths and help you adjust to a new, healthier lifestyle. Book your appointment at www.thejewelprofessor.com.
(334) 367-4707 View (334) 367-4707
Photo of Lisa O McDaniel, Licensed Professional Counselor in Smiths Station, AL
Lisa O McDaniel
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC-S, NCC, CDBT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Phenix City, AL 36867
End Stigma Reach Out! You're searching for hope, during this difficult time in your life. You're feeling confused about the REAL YOU. You desire change in your life. You often find yourself in a rocky relationship. You feel lost and unsure about where your life is, where you will go and who will be with you. You're ready to unleash your pain and suffering. You can leave all the stress, anger ,fear, and pain on the counseling space floor. So what if you cry or scream or laugh. You're human after all. You're not a robot! Therapy is a gift you deserve.
End Stigma Reach Out! You're searching for hope, during this difficult time in your life. You're feeling confused about the REAL YOU. You desire change in your life. You often find yourself in a rocky relationship. You feel lost and unsure about where your life is, where you will go and who will be with you. You're ready to unleash your pain and suffering. You can leave all the stress, anger ,fear, and pain on the counseling space floor. So what if you cry or scream or laugh. You're human after all. You're not a robot! Therapy is a gift you deserve.
(334) 258-8603 View (334) 258-8603
Photo of TAG Counseling And Consulting Services , Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Smiths Station, AL
TAG Counseling And Consulting Services
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
Phenix City, AL 36867
Here at TAG, we understand that you want and need a therapist who is experienced in assisting clients with dealing with trauma, depression, grief and loss, maintaining relationships, or just dealing with the stressors of life. You are not alone and we want to work with you to build healthy coping skills to improve your quality of life. Reach out to our team at TAG Counseling & Consulting and we will help you decide which team member is best for you and your needs.
Here at TAG, we understand that you want and need a therapist who is experienced in assisting clients with dealing with trauma, depression, grief and loss, maintaining relationships, or just dealing with the stressors of life. You are not alone and we want to work with you to build healthy coping skills to improve your quality of life. Reach out to our team at TAG Counseling & Consulting and we will help you decide which team member is best for you and your needs.
(334) 986-3097 View (334) 986-3097
Photo of L.I.T. Wellness Center, Licensed Professional Counselor in Smiths Station, AL
L.I.T. Wellness Center
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Phenix City, AL 36870
Are you feeling stressed out, anxious or have an irritable mood that leads to anger? Does it seem like you are stuck, lost or unmotivated? Are you struggling with healing from a traumatic event, even from childhood? Have you tried to solve the problems in your life on your own and realized you need help from someone else? If you answered yes to any of these questions, then you have made the right choice by being here. I know seeking help can be hard. You’ve likely been debating seeking help for months, if not years, but I’m so glad you have taken the courageous step of being here.
Are you feeling stressed out, anxious or have an irritable mood that leads to anger? Does it seem like you are stuck, lost or unmotivated? Are you struggling with healing from a traumatic event, even from childhood? Have you tried to solve the problems in your life on your own and realized you need help from someone else? If you answered yes to any of these questions, then you have made the right choice by being here. I know seeking help can be hard. You’ve likely been debating seeking help for months, if not years, but I’m so glad you have taken the courageous step of being here.
(706) 230-9580 View (706) 230-9580
Photo of Michelle Shields Maki, Licensed Professional Counselor in Smiths Station, AL
Michelle Shields Maki
Licensed Professional Counselor, M Ed, LPC, NCC, BC-TMH
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Salem, AL 36874  (Online Only)
Hey, I’m Michelle! I’m a Licensed Professional Counselor as well as a Board Certified TeleMental Health Counselor. Life can bring some really big changes both mentally and physically for us. I can provide a safe, secure place for you to process all of these changes, while helping you find the tools that can ease your daily stress moving forward. In our work, we will discuss what is bothering you now, as well as look back at previous traumas that may be contributing to your current stress levels.
Hey, I’m Michelle! I’m a Licensed Professional Counselor as well as a Board Certified TeleMental Health Counselor. Life can bring some really big changes both mentally and physically for us. I can provide a safe, secure place for you to process all of these changes, while helping you find the tools that can ease your daily stress moving forward. In our work, we will discuss what is bothering you now, as well as look back at previous traumas that may be contributing to your current stress levels.
(334) 212-5540 View (334) 212-5540
Photo of Archie Schnuelle, Marriage & Family Therapist in Smiths Station, AL
Archie Schnuelle
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, MPA, MAC, EMDR
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Phenix City, AL 36867
Thank you for the opportunity for considering me to work with you. My background is unique and varied which provides a broad range of knowledge, and experiences from having served in the U.S. Army, worked in Law Enforcement for over twenty-five years, worked on a church staff and as Therapist. I find it rewarding to help individuals realize their potential, see hope in a better future and becoming their best selves in life. We should not be defined by the negative beliefs we hold about ourselves but in the positive changes we can make. I have worked with individuals, couples, families, groups, adults, and adolescents.
Thank you for the opportunity for considering me to work with you. My background is unique and varied which provides a broad range of knowledge, and experiences from having served in the U.S. Army, worked in Law Enforcement for over twenty-five years, worked on a church staff and as Therapist. I find it rewarding to help individuals realize their potential, see hope in a better future and becoming their best selves in life. We should not be defined by the negative beliefs we hold about ourselves but in the positive changes we can make. I have worked with individuals, couples, families, groups, adults, and adolescents.
(334) 275-0608 View (334) 275-0608
Photo of War Room Christian Counseling & Coaching, Counselor in Smiths Station, AL
War Room Christian Counseling & Coaching
Counselor, NCC, ALC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Phenix City, AL 36867
We see individuals who seek guidance grounded in Christian morals to address a range of deeply personal challenges. Our clients grapple with issues such as anxiety, depression, negative body image, trauma/PTSD, self-esteem struggles, substance use disorders, grief and loss, relationship distress, and difficult life transitions. Their needs are diverse, but at the core, they yearn for a compassionate ally who will honor their unique stories and empower them throughout their healing journey. Our clients desire not just temporary relief from their struggles but also the enduring strength to confront future challenges.
We see individuals who seek guidance grounded in Christian morals to address a range of deeply personal challenges. Our clients grapple with issues such as anxiety, depression, negative body image, trauma/PTSD, self-esteem struggles, substance use disorders, grief and loss, relationship distress, and difficult life transitions. Their needs are diverse, but at the core, they yearn for a compassionate ally who will honor their unique stories and empower them throughout their healing journey. Our clients desire not just temporary relief from their struggles but also the enduring strength to confront future challenges.
(334) 421-5923 View (334) 421-5923
Photo of Discovery Connections, Licensed Professional Counselor in Smiths Station, AL
Discovery Connections
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
Phenix City, AL 36867
Sarah is ardent about taking into account each person’s individual situation, background, and experiences to help inform their path to healing and recovery. She is passionate about providing trauma informed services, so that individuals no longer feel defined and confined by their past experiences, circumstances, or situations, but can walk in freedom and wholeness.
Sarah is ardent about taking into account each person’s individual situation, background, and experiences to help inform their path to healing and recovery. She is passionate about providing trauma informed services, so that individuals no longer feel defined and confined by their past experiences, circumstances, or situations, but can walk in freedom and wholeness.
(678) 675-0838 View (678) 675-0838
Photo of The PEACH Pit, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Smiths Station, AL
The PEACH Pit
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
Phenix City, AL 36867
Tired of talk therapy? We do little talking in sessions, whether with Equine-assisted Psychotherapy or Accelerated Resolution Therapy. We do "work" therapy. With EAP, you'll participate in activities outdoors on the ground with our team: a licensed mental health professional, an equine specialist and horses. When you trust the horse to be part of your counseling team, you feel more empowered to make changes. Horses are reflective and intuitive, and don't judge. ART uses rapid eye movement to help you reprogram how traumatic memories affect you. Keep the memory; lose the pain. Come "experience" therapy with us.
Tired of talk therapy? We do little talking in sessions, whether with Equine-assisted Psychotherapy or Accelerated Resolution Therapy. We do "work" therapy. With EAP, you'll participate in activities outdoors on the ground with our team: a licensed mental health professional, an equine specialist and horses. When you trust the horse to be part of your counseling team, you feel more empowered to make changes. Horses are reflective and intuitive, and don't judge. ART uses rapid eye movement to help you reprogram how traumatic memories affect you. Keep the memory; lose the pain. Come "experience" therapy with us.
(478) 449-0578 View (478) 449-0578
Photo of Dr. Cheryl Sapp, Licensed Professional Counselor in Smiths Station, AL
Dr. Cheryl Sapp
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, MAC, NCC, CPCS, DBS
Verified Verified
Phenix City, AL 36867
I have over 30 years in the field of counseling specializing in addiction and co-occurring disorders. I also have vast experience with the Military ASAP program as well with other private treatment facilities. I earned my Bachelor’s and Master’s degree in Psychology and Counseling from Troy University. I hold the credentials of Licensed Professional Counselor, National Certified Counselor, Certified Professional Counselor Supervisor and Certified Addiction Counselor II.
I have over 30 years in the field of counseling specializing in addiction and co-occurring disorders. I also have vast experience with the Military ASAP program as well with other private treatment facilities. I earned my Bachelor’s and Master’s degree in Psychology and Counseling from Troy University. I hold the credentials of Licensed Professional Counselor, National Certified Counselor, Certified Professional Counselor Supervisor and Certified Addiction Counselor II.
(706) 685-6190 View (706) 685-6190
Photo of Brandi Ford, Counselor in Smiths Station, AL
Brandi Ford
Counselor, MS, ALC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Phenix City, AL 36869  (Online Only)
As a therapist I desire to help people move from a life of pain and suffering to a life that is happy, healthy and fulfilling. Helping people increase their self-awareness, gain insight into their behaviors, thoughts, feelings and responses; and receiving the tools to help them face and move through life effectively. As a therapist I strive to enhance my clients flexibility in regards to making adjustments as they move through life. After all, the only way out of a challenge is to get through it.
As a therapist I desire to help people move from a life of pain and suffering to a life that is happy, healthy and fulfilling. Helping people increase their self-awareness, gain insight into their behaviors, thoughts, feelings and responses; and receiving the tools to help them face and move through life effectively. As a therapist I strive to enhance my clients flexibility in regards to making adjustments as they move through life. After all, the only way out of a challenge is to get through it.
(251) 572-7273 View (251) 572-7273
Photo of Dr. Jaylin Alexander in Smiths Station, AL
Dr. Jaylin Alexander
ACL, BCL, MEd, CPsyD
Verified Verified
Phenix City, AL 36869
Alexander Enterprise provides spiritual psychotherapeutic solutions and counseling services with a holistic approach to address the psyche, traumas, and conditions of the Afrikan Community. Alexander Enterprise provides Individual Therapy, Group Therapy, Adolescent Therapy, and Marriage & Family Therapy in the interest of providing spiritual psychotherapeutic solutions and counseling services with a holistic approach to address the psyche, traumas, and conditions of the Afrikan Community.
Alexander Enterprise provides spiritual psychotherapeutic solutions and counseling services with a holistic approach to address the psyche, traumas, and conditions of the Afrikan Community. Alexander Enterprise provides Individual Therapy, Group Therapy, Adolescent Therapy, and Marriage & Family Therapy in the interest of providing spiritual psychotherapeutic solutions and counseling services with a holistic approach to address the psyche, traumas, and conditions of the Afrikan Community.
(334) 292-4502 View (334) 292-4502

Nearby Searches for Smiths Station

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Smiths Station, AL

< 10

Therapists in Smiths Station, AL who prioritize treating:

75% Relationship Issues
75% Depression
75% Anxiety
75% Grief
75% Women's Issues
75% Stress
50% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

27 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

100% Aetna
100% Optum
50% BlueCross and BlueShield

How Therapists in Smiths Station, AL see their clients

75% In Person and Online
25% Online Only

Gender breakdown

67% Female
33% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Smiths Station?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.