Therapists in Cahaba Heights, AL

Chebon A Porter
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Cahaba Heights, AL 35243
I am a licensed clinical psychologist who specializes in the treatment of adolescent and adult males who present with myriad issues; including problems related to stress management, anxiety, depression, anger, addiction, grief/bereavement, trauma, and phase of life. I have over 15 years of experience as a cognitive-behavioral psychologist and am nationally certified in Cognitive Processing Therapy.
I am a licensed clinical psychologist who specializes in the treatment of adolescent and adult males who present with myriad issues; including problems related to stress management, anxiety, depression, anger, addiction, grief/bereavement, trauma, and phase of life. I have over 15 years of experience as a cognitive-behavioral psychologist and am nationally certified in Cognitive Processing Therapy.
(205) 289-1961 View (205) 289-1961
Photo of Angela Hayes Counseling, LLC, Licensed Professional Counselor in Cahaba Heights, AL
Angela Hayes Counseling, LLC
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Cahaba Heights, AL 35243
Are you feeling tired, low energy or dealing with overwhelming anxiety and emotions? I can help you manage these feelings with coping strategies so that your quality of life will improve. I offer a sliding scale based on income so need to worry about insurance.
Are you feeling tired, low energy or dealing with overwhelming anxiety and emotions? I can help you manage these feelings with coping strategies so that your quality of life will improve. I offer a sliding scale based on income so need to worry about insurance.
(205) 938-4439 View (205) 938-4439
Photo of Nicole Hill, Ph.D., LLC, Psychologist in Cahaba Heights, AL
Nicole Hill, Ph.D., LLC
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Cahaba Heights, AL 35243
Life inevitably will present challenges and along with them, opportunities for personal growth. As a therapist, I assist individuals in locating their internal compass, so that they can better navigate through life's obstacles. I provide a warm, supportive, and nonjudgemental environment, where I work collaboratively with the client to discover their strengths, along with what may be holding them back from achieving their full emotional and interpersonal potential. Through this therapeutic process, clients can gain insight and move forward in new and more fulfilling ways.
Life inevitably will present challenges and along with them, opportunities for personal growth. As a therapist, I assist individuals in locating their internal compass, so that they can better navigate through life's obstacles. I provide a warm, supportive, and nonjudgemental environment, where I work collaboratively with the client to discover their strengths, along with what may be holding them back from achieving their full emotional and interpersonal potential. Through this therapeutic process, clients can gain insight and move forward in new and more fulfilling ways.
(205) 479-3847 View (205) 479-3847
Photo of Tal Prince, Counselor in Cahaba Heights, AL
Tal Prince
Counselor, LPC, CSAT, CPTT, EMDR, NCC
Verified Verified
Cahaba Heights, AL 35243
Are you struggling with addiction, or loving someone that is? Are you worn out from the chaos, frustration and despair of it all? Those long frustrating days of despair and isolation do not have to be a death sentence. There is help and hope available! At Insights Counseling Center, you will not be met with judgment or surprise. We understand because we have been there. To help
Are you struggling with addiction, or loving someone that is? Are you worn out from the chaos, frustration and despair of it all? Those long frustrating days of despair and isolation do not have to be a death sentence. There is help and hope available! At Insights Counseling Center, you will not be met with judgment or surprise. We understand because we have been there. To help
(205) 390-1699 View (205) 390-1699
Photo of Mind, Body & Heart Wellness Clinic, Licensed Professional Counselor in Cahaba Heights, AL
Mind, Body & Heart Wellness Clinic
Licensed Professional Counselor, PhD, LPC, CST
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Cahaba Heights, AL 35243
At Mind, Body & Heart Wellness Clinic our shared goal is to provide an integrative approach to counseling that assists you in finding your optimal mental, emotional, spiritual, and sexual health. MBH Wellness is comprised of multiple licensed therapists who specialize in and are passionate about a wide range of mental health concerns. We addresses the relational, cognitive, emotional, sexual, physical, cultural, and socio-economic factors impacting your wellbeing. When you are paired with a therapist that fits your unique needs, positive change is a logical consequence!
At Mind, Body & Heart Wellness Clinic our shared goal is to provide an integrative approach to counseling that assists you in finding your optimal mental, emotional, spiritual, and sexual health. MBH Wellness is comprised of multiple licensed therapists who specialize in and are passionate about a wide range of mental health concerns. We addresses the relational, cognitive, emotional, sexual, physical, cultural, and socio-economic factors impacting your wellbeing. When you are paired with a therapist that fits your unique needs, positive change is a logical consequence!
(205) 509-1811 View (205) 509-1811
Photo of Michelle McClintock, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Cahaba Heights, AL
Michelle McClintock
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Cahaba Heights, AL 35243
Welcome. Thank you for taking the time to check out Welcome Home Wellness - where my primary focus is on you. I believe it is a privilege to help people who are feeling confused, frustrated, anxious, depressed, or lost in life. I do not take the level of trust and vulnerability it takes to allow someone into your personal life for granted. Creating a safe, compassionate, nonjudgmental, and nurturing space where you can heal and grow is what I hope to achieve together. It takes strength and courage to ask for help and I find it an honor to be able to offer support or offer a referral to help you navigate your way.
Welcome. Thank you for taking the time to check out Welcome Home Wellness - where my primary focus is on you. I believe it is a privilege to help people who are feeling confused, frustrated, anxious, depressed, or lost in life. I do not take the level of trust and vulnerability it takes to allow someone into your personal life for granted. Creating a safe, compassionate, nonjudgmental, and nurturing space where you can heal and grow is what I hope to achieve together. It takes strength and courage to ask for help and I find it an honor to be able to offer support or offer a referral to help you navigate your way.
(205) 772-3083 View (205) 772-3083
Photo of Savannah Donahoe, Licensed Professional Counselor in Cahaba Heights, AL
Savannah Donahoe
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Cahaba Heights, AL 35243
Savannah Donahoe is a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC) with a background in trauma, crisis response, LGBTQIA+ issues, gender-affirming care, PTSD, depression and anxiety, self-esteem, gender identity-related issues, sexual identity,-related issues, grief, and loss. Savannah is passionate about providing support to folks of all ages through the unique challenges that they face. She values the importance of diversity, self-identity, and multicultural competency. Savannah completed her Master's degree in Counseling at the University of Montevallo. She has experience in trauma and crisis response, as well as gender-affirming care.
Savannah Donahoe is a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC) with a background in trauma, crisis response, LGBTQIA+ issues, gender-affirming care, PTSD, depression and anxiety, self-esteem, gender identity-related issues, sexual identity,-related issues, grief, and loss. Savannah is passionate about providing support to folks of all ages through the unique challenges that they face. She values the importance of diversity, self-identity, and multicultural competency. Savannah completed her Master's degree in Counseling at the University of Montevallo. She has experience in trauma and crisis response, as well as gender-affirming care.
(205) 839-5404 View (205) 839-5404
Photo of Elizabeth Shahid, Marriage & Family Therapist in Cahaba Heights, AL
Elizabeth Shahid
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Cahaba Heights, AL 35243  (Online Only)
You’ve been trying to hold it together and you’re not sure you can do it anymore. Sometimes you feel alone and confused about what to do next. You don’t feel like yourself or the person you want to be. Maybe you're tired and just want to catch a break. You feel frustrated and need something more. You're not alone! At some point in our lives, everyone experiences difficulties they need help with!
You’ve been trying to hold it together and you’re not sure you can do it anymore. Sometimes you feel alone and confused about what to do next. You don’t feel like yourself or the person you want to be. Maybe you're tired and just want to catch a break. You feel frustrated and need something more. You're not alone! At some point in our lives, everyone experiences difficulties they need help with!
(205) 272-6367 View (205) 272-6367
Photo of Marie Danner, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Cahaba Heights, AL
Marie Danner
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW-S, CCTP-II
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Cahaba Heights, AL 35243
Waitlist for new clients
Have you been told you have PTSD? Or, do you have anxiety, depression, low self-esteem, or negative self-talk that all started with a traumatic event(s)? If so, you have come to the right place. People with trauma often find themselves spending countless hours in therapy but not getting lasting relief. That is because not every therapist is specially trained to treat trauma, and not every therapy intervention is able to access the part of the brain where traumatic memories live.
Have you been told you have PTSD? Or, do you have anxiety, depression, low self-esteem, or negative self-talk that all started with a traumatic event(s)? If so, you have come to the right place. People with trauma often find themselves spending countless hours in therapy but not getting lasting relief. That is because not every therapist is specially trained to treat trauma, and not every therapy intervention is able to access the part of the brain where traumatic memories live.
(205) 858-2694 View (205) 858-2694
Photo of Samantha Adams, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in Cahaba Heights, AL
Samantha Adams
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, AMFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Cahaba Heights, AL 35243
I aim to serve individuals, couples, and families who desire understanding, healing, and healthier, deeper relationships. I have a background working with individuals with eating disorders, addiction, and general trauma, as well as experience working with couples and families suffering from relationship issues such as disconnection, infidelity, addiction, and trauma.
I aim to serve individuals, couples, and families who desire understanding, healing, and healthier, deeper relationships. I have a background working with individuals with eating disorders, addiction, and general trauma, as well as experience working with couples and families suffering from relationship issues such as disconnection, infidelity, addiction, and trauma.
(205) 850-1831 View (205) 850-1831
Photo of Meredith Ann Showacre, Licensed Professional Counselor in Cahaba Heights, AL
Meredith Ann Showacre
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
Cahaba Heights, AL 35243  (Online Only)
We all possess the tools needed for personal healing. Therapy can help you to develop the awareness needed to utilize these tools and put them into practice in daily life. Seeking therapy is brave and I consider the therapeutic relationship a truly meaningful privilege. We will walk through the process of personal discovery learning how to identify old patterns and self soothe through healthy coping. My work is grounded in Cognitive Behavioral interventions but I believe healing also happens in the telling of your personal narrative. My goal for this relationship is to help you foster the skills to become your own therapist.
We all possess the tools needed for personal healing. Therapy can help you to develop the awareness needed to utilize these tools and put them into practice in daily life. Seeking therapy is brave and I consider the therapeutic relationship a truly meaningful privilege. We will walk through the process of personal discovery learning how to identify old patterns and self soothe through healthy coping. My work is grounded in Cognitive Behavioral interventions but I believe healing also happens in the telling of your personal narrative. My goal for this relationship is to help you foster the skills to become your own therapist.
(205) 293-2352 View (205) 293-2352
Photo of Katie O'Donnell Pietri, Pre-Licensed Professional in Cahaba Heights, AL
Katie O'Donnell Pietri
Pre-Licensed Professional, MEd, ALC, NCC
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Cahaba Heights, AL 35243
Reaching out for help is hard. As your therapist, my goal is to help you walk through what comes after asking for help. One of the most important parts of being a therapist is creating a safe space for you to share your story. I honor the courage it takes to share with others and make every effort to create a space where you can feel encouraged to share.
Reaching out for help is hard. As your therapist, my goal is to help you walk through what comes after asking for help. One of the most important parts of being a therapist is creating a safe space for you to share your story. I honor the courage it takes to share with others and make every effort to create a space where you can feel encouraged to share.
(205) 851-8596 View (205) 851-8596

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Kristin Lowrey, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Cahaba Heights, AL
Kristin Lowrey
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW, PIP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Mountain Brook, AL 35223
Hi, you are so brave to take the first step in the counseling journey. This world can be unkind, confusing, and overwhelming and there are times when we all need someone to help us navigate it. For almost 20 years I have been helping individuals and families find healing on their journey. Whether you are struggling with depression, anxiety, adjustment issues, grief or trauma, your story is welcome.
Hi, you are so brave to take the first step in the counseling journey. This world can be unkind, confusing, and overwhelming and there are times when we all need someone to help us navigate it. For almost 20 years I have been helping individuals and families find healing on their journey. Whether you are struggling with depression, anxiety, adjustment issues, grief or trauma, your story is welcome.
(844) 559-0362 View (844) 559-0362
Photo of Beverly Ward - Still Waters Counseling Center, Licensed Professional Counselor in Cahaba Heights, AL
Beverly Ward - Still Waters Counseling Center
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, EdS, LPC
Verified Verified
Birmingham, AL 35242
Hi, I'm Beverly. I’m glad that you've made your way to this page in your search for solutions. I know that God has them for you and that you're not alone. Life’s problems, including mental health issues, are real, common, and treatable. Recovery is possible. In therapy with me, every single part of you is welcome. Our therapy sessions are a place for you to lay your burdens down and be refreshed and renewed. It's likely we will laugh a lot, and we may also cry. Each of us is different and multifaceted. I'm interested in seeing the real you shine and in helping you see it too.
Hi, I'm Beverly. I’m glad that you've made your way to this page in your search for solutions. I know that God has them for you and that you're not alone. Life’s problems, including mental health issues, are real, common, and treatable. Recovery is possible. In therapy with me, every single part of you is welcome. Our therapy sessions are a place for you to lay your burdens down and be refreshed and renewed. It's likely we will laugh a lot, and we may also cry. Each of us is different and multifaceted. I'm interested in seeing the real you shine and in helping you see it too.
(205) 632-0861 View (205) 632-0861
Photo of Dr. J. Parker Ayers, Licensed Professional Counselor in Cahaba Heights, AL
Dr. J. Parker Ayers
Licensed Professional Counselor, PhD, LPC-S
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Birmingham, AL 35223
The demands of everyday life can be overwhelming. When complicated by emotional and behavioral health issues, it may be difficult to cope. Addressing the source of conflict or stress in a non-threatening environment will help eliminate the possible detrimental impacts on one's life and those closest to them. We provide research-driven therapy and supportive services that make a difference in the lives of the children, adults, and families we serve.
The demands of everyday life can be overwhelming. When complicated by emotional and behavioral health issues, it may be difficult to cope. Addressing the source of conflict or stress in a non-threatening environment will help eliminate the possible detrimental impacts on one's life and those closest to them. We provide research-driven therapy and supportive services that make a difference in the lives of the children, adults, and families we serve.
(256) 488-1488 View (256) 488-1488
Photo of Insight Therapeutic Services, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Cahaba Heights, AL
Insight Therapeutic Services
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW, PIP
Verified Verified
Birmingham, AL 35243
Insight Therapeutic Services, LLC is a group of 14 Licensed Professional Counselors and Licensed Clinical Social Workers, each with certifications in a variety of specialty areas serving children and adults. Our team strives to match the needs of your family with a therapist knowledgeable and skilled in your area of need. Our therapists are skilled in the areas of trauma, anxiety, mood disorders, and addictions. Each therapist holds a certification in their area of expertise. We are currently accepting new clients for Alabaster and Birmingham locations. Telehealth offered as well.
Insight Therapeutic Services, LLC is a group of 14 Licensed Professional Counselors and Licensed Clinical Social Workers, each with certifications in a variety of specialty areas serving children and adults. Our team strives to match the needs of your family with a therapist knowledgeable and skilled in your area of need. Our therapists are skilled in the areas of trauma, anxiety, mood disorders, and addictions. Each therapist holds a certification in their area of expertise. We are currently accepting new clients for Alabaster and Birmingham locations. Telehealth offered as well.
(205) 374-9859 View (205) 374-9859
Photo of Kim Olson, Licensed Professional Counselor in Cahaba Heights, AL
Kim Olson
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Mountain Brook, AL 35223
I work with people who are seeking relief from unhelpful thoughts, behaviors, or feelings that are disrupting their life and can lead to over-functioning on a daily basis to compensate. This over-compensating can leave you feeling anxious, empty, hopeless, and disconnected from yourself and others. If you would like to reclaim your energy and sense of control within, I can help.
I work with people who are seeking relief from unhelpful thoughts, behaviors, or feelings that are disrupting their life and can lead to over-functioning on a daily basis to compensate. This over-compensating can leave you feeling anxious, empty, hopeless, and disconnected from yourself and others. If you would like to reclaim your energy and sense of control within, I can help.
(205) 619-8975 View (205) 619-8975
Photo of Tim Pughsley, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in Cahaba Heights, AL
Tim Pughsley
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, LMFT
Verified Verified
Vestavia Hills, AL 35216
I believe a therapist can only take you as far as they have been in their own healing journey. My personal journey of healing began long before I became a therapist and has encompassed multiple right brain Somatic and Experiential therapy intensives that assisted me in processing my own trauma and fill the missing gaps from my childhood. Throughout all my years of engaging in therapy I have learned that both talk therapy (left brain) and right brain therapy is the one two punch to free oneself from the internal struggles that are manifested through anxiety, depression, addiction, trauma responses, marital conflicts.
I believe a therapist can only take you as far as they have been in their own healing journey. My personal journey of healing began long before I became a therapist and has encompassed multiple right brain Somatic and Experiential therapy intensives that assisted me in processing my own trauma and fill the missing gaps from my childhood. Throughout all my years of engaging in therapy I have learned that both talk therapy (left brain) and right brain therapy is the one two punch to free oneself from the internal struggles that are manifested through anxiety, depression, addiction, trauma responses, marital conflicts.
(205) 964-6216 View (205) 964-6216
Photo of Jacey Hammel Phd, Psychologist in Cahaba Heights, AL
Jacey Hammel Phd
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Mountain Brook, AL 35223  (Online Only)
Life changes and trauma can lead to disconnection from ourselves and others. This disconnection can manifest as anxiety, depression, and loneliness. Through therapy, we can untangle the changes and trauma so we can truly hear ourselves. Our work might include emotional processing and regulation, self-compassion, self-acceptance, and mind-body awareness. At each step, I will check in with you and guide the pacing to fit your needs and goals. (See my website for more information.) Authorized to practice in all PsyPact states via telepsychology.
Life changes and trauma can lead to disconnection from ourselves and others. This disconnection can manifest as anxiety, depression, and loneliness. Through therapy, we can untangle the changes and trauma so we can truly hear ourselves. Our work might include emotional processing and regulation, self-compassion, self-acceptance, and mind-body awareness. At each step, I will check in with you and guide the pacing to fit your needs and goals. (See my website for more information.) Authorized to practice in all PsyPact states via telepsychology.
(812) 613-4227 View (812) 613-4227
Photo of David E. Myers, Psychologist in Cahaba Heights, AL
David E. Myers
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Mountain Brook, AL 35223
Traumatic events or issues with family, relationship and work can lead to depression, chronic anxiety, grief and PTSD. Resultantly, the quality of life deteriorates. Psychotherapy (counseling) enables you to explore your cognitive and emotional sides. It involves connecting your past wounds and present emotions. Psychodynamic therapy enables you to go beyond managing your present emotions and go to the source. I have explored and had many diversified experiences in Spirituality which is important in terms of your present and past experiences. My holistic orientation includes heed to nutrition in all matters related to the MIND-BODY-SPIRIT connection.
Traumatic events or issues with family, relationship and work can lead to depression, chronic anxiety, grief and PTSD. Resultantly, the quality of life deteriorates. Psychotherapy (counseling) enables you to explore your cognitive and emotional sides. It involves connecting your past wounds and present emotions. Psychodynamic therapy enables you to go beyond managing your present emotions and go to the source. I have explored and had many diversified experiences in Spirituality which is important in terms of your present and past experiences. My holistic orientation includes heed to nutrition in all matters related to the MIND-BODY-SPIRIT connection.
(205) 216-5042 View (205) 216-5042

See more therapy options for Cahaba Heights

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Cahaba Heights, AL

10+

Average cost per session

$140

Therapists in Cahaba Heights, AL who prioritize treating:

100% Anxiety
92% Trauma and PTSD
83% Self Esteem
75% Relationship Issues
75% Depression
67% Coping Skills
67% Stress

Average years in practice

5 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

100% BlueCross and BlueShield
50% Cigna and Evernorth
38% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in Cahaba Heights, AL see their clients

84% In Person and Online
16% Online Only

Gender breakdown

82% Female
18% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Cahaba Heights?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.