Photo of Jennifer Vazquez, Counselor in 98335, WA
Jennifer Vazquez
Counselor, MA, LMHCA, CEFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Gig Harbor, WA 98335
We all have stories to tell. What happened in our lives isn’t who we are, it is what happened to us. The challenging stories are based on past events, being activated now via negative automatic thoughts, feelings, beliefs, and repeated behaviors…which can keep us stuck and/or prevent us from living in genuine alignment with who we are. I believe we each have the ability to reset, readjust, restart, and rewrite the parts of our story that are no longer helpful or serving us. We are amazingly intelligent, creative, resilient, and adaptive beings! What story(ies) do you want to rewrite, or let go of, that are no longer helpful?
We all have stories to tell. What happened in our lives isn’t who we are, it is what happened to us. The challenging stories are based on past events, being activated now via negative automatic thoughts, feelings, beliefs, and repeated behaviors…which can keep us stuck and/or prevent us from living in genuine alignment with who we are. I believe we each have the ability to reset, readjust, restart, and rewrite the parts of our story that are no longer helpful or serving us. We are amazingly intelligent, creative, resilient, and adaptive beings! What story(ies) do you want to rewrite, or let go of, that are no longer helpful?
(253) 364-1713 View (253) 364-1713
Photo of Taelor Poncin Therapy, Marriage & Family Therapist in 98335, WA
Taelor Poncin Therapy
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT, MHP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Gig Harbor, WA 98335  (Online Only)
Through the process of psychotherapy individuals can explore where personal and relationship change may be needed and where old painful patterns may be released. I work to assist my clients with navigating life's challenges, strengthening their relationship to themselves/others, focusing on symptom management/alleviation, along with compassionate and creative exploration into the past to understand current impact.
Through the process of psychotherapy individuals can explore where personal and relationship change may be needed and where old painful patterns may be released. I work to assist my clients with navigating life's challenges, strengthening their relationship to themselves/others, focusing on symptom management/alleviation, along with compassionate and creative exploration into the past to understand current impact.
(253) 338-8667 View (253) 338-8667
Photo of Rion Lee Tisino, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 98335, WA
Rion Lee Tisino
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW, CMHS, SUDPT, EMMHS, MHP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Gig Harbor, WA 98335
As I thought of the mission for Tisino Family Services, I thought of strength's-based. TFS facilitates children, youth, adults, and families back into the arms of what family means. One important goal of TFS is to reduce recidivism and teach preventative steps for sustaintainability. So often, I see individuals dealing with unmitigated trauma, self-identified barriers, and generational disadvantages without coping skills. This mission implements practical skills with persistence that capture the attention of specialized techniques that provides significant breakthroughs of unstable mental health and increase healthy living.
As I thought of the mission for Tisino Family Services, I thought of strength's-based. TFS facilitates children, youth, adults, and families back into the arms of what family means. One important goal of TFS is to reduce recidivism and teach preventative steps for sustaintainability. So often, I see individuals dealing with unmitigated trauma, self-identified barriers, and generational disadvantages without coping skills. This mission implements practical skills with persistence that capture the attention of specialized techniques that provides significant breakthroughs of unstable mental health and increase healthy living.
(253) 785-3571 View (253) 785-3571
Photo of Kaitlin Pifer, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 98335, WA
Kaitlin Pifer
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW, MSW, CMHS
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Gig Harbor, WA 98335
Waitlist for new clients
I specialize in working with children displaying significant behaviors, teens experiencing mood struggles, and parents navigating childhood mental health. I offer ongoing individual and family psychotherapy, crisis intervention, safety planning, as well as trauma, play, art, and animal therapy.
I specialize in working with children displaying significant behaviors, teens experiencing mood struggles, and parents navigating childhood mental health. I offer ongoing individual and family psychotherapy, crisis intervention, safety planning, as well as trauma, play, art, and animal therapy.
(253) 799-1535 View (253) 799-1535
Photo of Jim Jackson, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 98335, WA
Jim Jackson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Gig Harbor, WA 98335
Our lives are often impacted by forces beyond our control. We wonder if life will ever return to "normal." I work with young and old who encounter challenges common to modern living: Retirement, work stress, family dynamics, personal tragedy, financial troubles, loss of community, and loss of direction. I also address unique challenges associated with aging: Chronic and acute illness, life partner debilitation, and hardships unforeseen. Refocus and reclaim your strengths and life as we work together on insights, new strategies and skills that enable you to overcome obstacles, re-connect with life and your passions.
Our lives are often impacted by forces beyond our control. We wonder if life will ever return to "normal." I work with young and old who encounter challenges common to modern living: Retirement, work stress, family dynamics, personal tragedy, financial troubles, loss of community, and loss of direction. I also address unique challenges associated with aging: Chronic and acute illness, life partner debilitation, and hardships unforeseen. Refocus and reclaim your strengths and life as we work together on insights, new strategies and skills that enable you to overcome obstacles, re-connect with life and your passions.
(253) 525-5331 View (253) 525-5331
Photo of Diana Miller, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 98335, WA
Diana Miller
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
Gig Harbor, WA 98335  (Online Only)
Accepting NEW Clients - - - Are you living your best life? Are you feeling stuck? I provide evidence based treatments to help you experience a life with meaning and purpose and to feel better quickly. During our sessions, my goal is for you to feel unconditional acceptance and compassion in our relationship. My style is friendly, light-hearted and I use humor quite a bit. I will work with your strengths and unique needs to cultivate an environment where you can learn the skills to boost the quality of your life.
Accepting NEW Clients - - - Are you living your best life? Are you feeling stuck? I provide evidence based treatments to help you experience a life with meaning and purpose and to feel better quickly. During our sessions, my goal is for you to feel unconditional acceptance and compassion in our relationship. My style is friendly, light-hearted and I use humor quite a bit. I will work with your strengths and unique needs to cultivate an environment where you can learn the skills to boost the quality of your life.
(385) 336-4511 View (385) 336-4511
Summit Health Management, PLLC
Counselor, LMHC, CMHS
Verified Verified
Gig Harbor, WA 98335
I am a partner in Summit Health Management, a group founded by an eclectic partnership of four established, experienced providers with the vision of offering a variety of therapeutic services to meet the needs of children, adolescents, adults, elders, couples, and families in our community. Our group’s mission is to provide the region with experienced, compassionate, professional, and proficient mental and behavioral health care. We offer a therapy and psychiatric care for all ages, presentations, relationships and disorders, including individual, couples, family and group therapy, as well as substance abuse recovery for all ages.
I am a partner in Summit Health Management, a group founded by an eclectic partnership of four established, experienced providers with the vision of offering a variety of therapeutic services to meet the needs of children, adolescents, adults, elders, couples, and families in our community. Our group’s mission is to provide the region with experienced, compassionate, professional, and proficient mental and behavioral health care. We offer a therapy and psychiatric care for all ages, presentations, relationships and disorders, including individual, couples, family and group therapy, as well as substance abuse recovery for all ages.
(253) 215-8451 View (253) 215-8451
Photo of Lindsey Nickell, Counselor in 98335, WA
Lindsey Nickell
Counselor, MA, LMHC, CHT, YTT200
Verified Verified
Gig Harbor, WA 98335
Waitlist for new clients
Do you find yourself reading the same articles to help with anxiety, depression and/or trauma and feeling like there is more that you would like to uncover? If you are looking for a more layered and meaningful approach to therapy, I may be able to help. I specialize in Anxiety, Depression, Trauma, and ADHD and work hard to help you reexamine your situation in ways you might not have used before and find the tools to take control of your life. I also post weekly at Calm Body, Quiet Mind - an all things mental and bodily health newsletter found on Substack. I'm looking forward to meeting you!
Do you find yourself reading the same articles to help with anxiety, depression and/or trauma and feeling like there is more that you would like to uncover? If you are looking for a more layered and meaningful approach to therapy, I may be able to help. I specialize in Anxiety, Depression, Trauma, and ADHD and work hard to help you reexamine your situation in ways you might not have used before and find the tools to take control of your life. I also post weekly at Calm Body, Quiet Mind - an all things mental and bodily health newsletter found on Substack. I'm looking forward to meeting you!
(253) 243-8791 View (253) 243-8791
Photo of Gail Henricksen, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in 98335, WA
Gail Henricksen
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MA, LMFTA
Verified Verified
Gig Harbor, WA 98335
As a systemic therapist, I am dedicated to guiding individuals, couples, and families through their inner complexities, fostering healing, growth, and self-discovery. I approach clients holistically, considering their relationships and connections using the Internal Family Systems (IFS) model as a foundation. This dynamic model identifies and works with inner subpersonalities, promoting self-compassion and self-acceptance. I tailor this approach to individual needs, incorporating additional methods when necessary, fostering transformative change at personal and relational levels.
As a systemic therapist, I am dedicated to guiding individuals, couples, and families through their inner complexities, fostering healing, growth, and self-discovery. I approach clients holistically, considering their relationships and connections using the Internal Family Systems (IFS) model as a foundation. This dynamic model identifies and works with inner subpersonalities, promoting self-compassion and self-acceptance. I tailor this approach to individual needs, incorporating additional methods when necessary, fostering transformative change at personal and relational levels.
(253) 285-1115 View (253) 285-1115
Photo of David Walker, Marriage & Family Therapist in 98335, WA
David Walker
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Gig Harbor, WA 98335
Not accepting new clients
We all can be vulnerable to the twists, turns, and pressures that life presents to us. I provide a safe, respectful, and comfortable space for you to learn how to better cope with life has brought you. I believe that you bring strengths, and resources with you that can help you to reach your goals in therapy and my approaches are matched to you as a unique individual. I have over 20 years experience working in a variety of areas such as treating trauma and abuse, dissociative disorders, parenting, divorce/separation, anxiety, and mood disorders.
We all can be vulnerable to the twists, turns, and pressures that life presents to us. I provide a safe, respectful, and comfortable space for you to learn how to better cope with life has brought you. I believe that you bring strengths, and resources with you that can help you to reach your goals in therapy and my approaches are matched to you as a unique individual. I have over 20 years experience working in a variety of areas such as treating trauma and abuse, dissociative disorders, parenting, divorce/separation, anxiety, and mood disorders.
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Photo of Marissa McKnight, Licensed Mental Health Counselor in 98335, WA
Marissa McKnight
Licensed Mental Health Counselor , LMHC
Verified Verified
Gig Harbor, WA 98335
Marissa has a Master of Arts in Counseling from the University of San Diego, California in 2017. During her graduate studies, Marissa received advanced courses in the following: trauma and risk assessment, human sexuality, psychopharmacology, addictions, evidence based theories, human development, law and ethics, clinical interviewing, multicultural counseling, and group counseling.
Marissa has a Master of Arts in Counseling from the University of San Diego, California in 2017. During her graduate studies, Marissa received advanced courses in the following: trauma and risk assessment, human sexuality, psychopharmacology, addictions, evidence based theories, human development, law and ethics, clinical interviewing, multicultural counseling, and group counseling.
(253) 338-5591 View (253) 338-5591
Photo of Richard Benson, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 98335, WA
Richard Benson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW, LCAS, MAC
Verified Verified
Gig Harbor, WA 98335
At the core of my treatment philosophy is the belief that families heal when movement occurs and people begin to step out of their comfort zones to unlock their potential and capacity for growth. Often there is underlying pain and/or trauma that needs to be addressed in order for the system to recover and break the cycle. Whether the results of the family dysfunction is abuse, addiction, estrangement, divorce, suicide, broken communication paths, or some other behavior, treatment can provide relief.
At the core of my treatment philosophy is the belief that families heal when movement occurs and people begin to step out of their comfort zones to unlock their potential and capacity for growth. Often there is underlying pain and/or trauma that needs to be addressed in order for the system to recover and break the cycle. Whether the results of the family dysfunction is abuse, addiction, estrangement, divorce, suicide, broken communication paths, or some other behavior, treatment can provide relief.
(253) 753-1967 View (253) 753-1967
Photo of Cara Myhre, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 98335, WA
Cara Myhre
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW
Verified Verified
Gig Harbor, WA 98335
Waitlist for new clients
I enjoy working with a variety of adult clients. If you are ready to work to improve your mental health, I’m happy to support you. I especially enjoy working with people who are healing from traumatic experiences, whether that trauma is physical, psychological, or interpersonal. I believe we work better together if you understand the purpose of what we’re doing in therapy.
I enjoy working with a variety of adult clients. If you are ready to work to improve your mental health, I’m happy to support you. I especially enjoy working with people who are healing from traumatic experiences, whether that trauma is physical, psychological, or interpersonal. I believe we work better together if you understand the purpose of what we’re doing in therapy.
(253) 262-0683 View (253) 262-0683
Photo of Lani Kish, Counselor in 98335, WA
Lani Kish
Counselor, MA, LMHC, NCC
Verified Verified
Gig Harbor, WA 98335
Not accepting new clients
Navigating unexpected situations or traumas, dealing with anxiety/depression can overwhelm our sense of being present in the moment and we may feel trapped inside our feelings. Sometimes difficulties have been present since childhood, left unattended or pushed down repeatedly over the years. Some clients come to counseling seeking ways to deal with a specific trauma, domestic violence, grief, loss, anger, or other distressing emotions, leaving someone feeling isolated, stuck, and without resources. Taking the next step, asking for help inside of counseling, brings you closer to the destination of recovery.
Navigating unexpected situations or traumas, dealing with anxiety/depression can overwhelm our sense of being present in the moment and we may feel trapped inside our feelings. Sometimes difficulties have been present since childhood, left unattended or pushed down repeatedly over the years. Some clients come to counseling seeking ways to deal with a specific trauma, domestic violence, grief, loss, anger, or other distressing emotions, leaving someone feeling isolated, stuck, and without resources. Taking the next step, asking for help inside of counseling, brings you closer to the destination of recovery.
(253) 262-0852 View (253) 262-0852
Photo of Sarah Farrell, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 98335, WA
Sarah Farrell
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Gig Harbor, WA 98335  (Online Only)
Maybe you've been here before, clicked out of the tab, only to search again later. It is daunting scrolling through the pictures and trying to find the right face. You know...the one with whom you can share your story. The story lurking back in the corner of your mind that you might not feel ready to face. We all have a story to tell. Getting to know our own stories can be scary, terrifying even. It can be painful. However, finding the right person to help you learn about yourself is a task totally worth hanging in there—for a few more clicks, some e-mails, maybe some phone calls.
Maybe you've been here before, clicked out of the tab, only to search again later. It is daunting scrolling through the pictures and trying to find the right face. You know...the one with whom you can share your story. The story lurking back in the corner of your mind that you might not feel ready to face. We all have a story to tell. Getting to know our own stories can be scary, terrifying even. It can be painful. However, finding the right person to help you learn about yourself is a task totally worth hanging in there—for a few more clicks, some e-mails, maybe some phone calls.
(253) 300-0242 View (253) 300-0242
Photo of Honey Bee Mental Health — Ursula Zuker, LICSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 98335, WA
Honey Bee Mental Health — Ursula Zuker, LICSW
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
Gig Harbor, WA 98335  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
Honey Bee Mental Health joins individual, groups, and families on their liberatory, collective healing journeys. Honey Bee Mental Health recognizes that an individual's healing work reverberates throughout one's family and community, just as bees work collectively to build their homes and create honey.
Honey Bee Mental Health joins individual, groups, and families on their liberatory, collective healing journeys. Honey Bee Mental Health recognizes that an individual's healing work reverberates throughout one's family and community, just as bees work collectively to build their homes and create honey.
(253) 352-2813 View (253) 352-2813
Photo of Genevieve Harris-Eckel, Marriage & Family Therapist in 98335, WA
Genevieve Harris-Eckel
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT, MBA(25)
Verified Verified
10 Endorsed
Gig Harbor, WA 98335  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
I'm very experienced working with minority communities including working with women, BIPOC, and LGBTQIA+ clients. Minority groups and couples, particularly those at the intersections of gender, race, and sexual orientation, are often underrepresented in fields of work such as business, tech, and entrepreneurship. I believe therapy should be a safe and non-judgmental space that empowers individuals to be able to push their own limits and views of themselves, in all aspects of their personal and professional lives. Being able to embrace and be proud of oneself is one of the strongest things a person can learn to do.
I'm very experienced working with minority communities including working with women, BIPOC, and LGBTQIA+ clients. Minority groups and couples, particularly those at the intersections of gender, race, and sexual orientation, are often underrepresented in fields of work such as business, tech, and entrepreneurship. I believe therapy should be a safe and non-judgmental space that empowers individuals to be able to push their own limits and views of themselves, in all aspects of their personal and professional lives. Being able to embrace and be proud of oneself is one of the strongest things a person can learn to do.
(360) 346-9619 View (360) 346-9619
Photo of Katy Hebel, Counselor in 98335, WA
Katy Hebel
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
Gig Harbor, WA 98335
I believe change occurs in the context of connection, compassion, and self-discovery wherein your whole authentic self can be nurtured and fully understood. To support you in your healing and growth, I bring a warm and collaborative approach, valuing the relationship and working together towards a path of healing and change.
I believe change occurs in the context of connection, compassion, and self-discovery wherein your whole authentic self can be nurtured and fully understood. To support you in your healing and growth, I bring a warm and collaborative approach, valuing the relationship and working together towards a path of healing and change.
(253) 259-3483 View (253) 259-3483
Photo of Hayley Birdwell, Counselor in 98335, WA
Hayley Birdwell
Counselor
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Gig Harbor, WA 98335  (Online Only)
As humans, we are relational beings. Relationships with friends, family, significant others, and most of all ourselves are what bring meaning to our lives. I am here to help you enhance your relationship with yourself and with others in order to create more joy and fulfillment. Together, we will work through the problems that are manifesting in your life and explore them on a deeper level. I will help you develop skills to manage the aspects of life you cannot control, and I will help you find the courage and motivation to take the reins on the things that you can.
As humans, we are relational beings. Relationships with friends, family, significant others, and most of all ourselves are what bring meaning to our lives. I am here to help you enhance your relationship with yourself and with others in order to create more joy and fulfillment. Together, we will work through the problems that are manifesting in your life and explore them on a deeper level. I will help you develop skills to manage the aspects of life you cannot control, and I will help you find the courage and motivation to take the reins on the things that you can.
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Photo of Colleen Bebich, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 98335, WA
Colleen Bebich
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW
Verified Verified
Gig Harbor, WA 98335
My style of therapy is warm, accepting and compassionate. I am here to walk alongside you as you navigate life's challenges and pursue personal growth. Therapy is the beginning of new possibilities and scheduling an appointment is a brave first step. I provide a safe space to share your story where you can explore difficult emotions and struggles. You may be experiencing anxiety, depression, trauma, difficult relationships, parenting struggles, grief or issues with work/life balance. You are the expert in your own life and your experiences are uniquely your own. We will work together to gain new skills and achieve desired goals.
My style of therapy is warm, accepting and compassionate. I am here to walk alongside you as you navigate life's challenges and pursue personal growth. Therapy is the beginning of new possibilities and scheduling an appointment is a brave first step. I provide a safe space to share your story where you can explore difficult emotions and struggles. You may be experiencing anxiety, depression, trauma, difficult relationships, parenting struggles, grief or issues with work/life balance. You are the expert in your own life and your experiences are uniquely your own. We will work together to gain new skills and achieve desired goals.
(253) 243-2486 View (253) 243-2486

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 98335

100+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in 98335 who prioritize treating:

94% Anxiety
89% Depression
83% Relationship Issues
77% Trauma and PTSD
76% Self Esteem
75% Stress
70% Life Transitions

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

84% Premera
63% First Choice Health | FCH
63% Regence

How Therapists in 98335 see their clients

74% In Person and Online
26% Online Only

Gender breakdown

85% Female
15% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 98335?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.