Photo of Walter Vyhmeister, Counselor in 98221, WA
Walter Vyhmeister
Counselor, MDiv, MA, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Anacortes, WA 98221  (Online Only)
Serving as a minister and earning a PhD in Counseling Psychology equipped me to care for people in crises. Working with vulnerable children and their families or caregivers, also proved to be a valuable foundation for clinical care. In a medical academic setting, training residents in the use of spirituality and psychology as they cared for their patients, deepened my own understanding of just how complex clinical issues can become. This also increased my understanding of the level of stress healthcare providers and victims themselves experience during illness.
Serving as a minister and earning a PhD in Counseling Psychology equipped me to care for people in crises. Working with vulnerable children and their families or caregivers, also proved to be a valuable foundation for clinical care. In a medical academic setting, training residents in the use of spirituality and psychology as they cared for their patients, deepened my own understanding of just how complex clinical issues can become. This also increased my understanding of the level of stress healthcare providers and victims themselves experience during illness.
(360) 227-5430 View (360) 227-5430
Photo of Suzanne Oliver, Counselor in 98221, WA
Suzanne Oliver
Counselor, LMHC, NCC
Verified Verified
Anacortes, WA 98221
The simple fact you are seeking help through therapy is tremendously hopeful. You are half way there! My approach in therapy is to provide a safe, non-judgmental environment to identify what it is you need to create more resolution, meaning and happiness in your life. We will co-create a plan to achieve these broader goals through your daily living, how you relate with others and how you think. Therapy can be a powerful way to transform yourself (and your challenges) into living more fully, and with more in-depth understanding of who you truly are. Email is the best way to reach me.
The simple fact you are seeking help through therapy is tremendously hopeful. You are half way there! My approach in therapy is to provide a safe, non-judgmental environment to identify what it is you need to create more resolution, meaning and happiness in your life. We will co-create a plan to achieve these broader goals through your daily living, how you relate with others and how you think. Therapy can be a powerful way to transform yourself (and your challenges) into living more fully, and with more in-depth understanding of who you truly are. Email is the best way to reach me.
(855) 845-9547 View (855) 845-9547
Photo of Deanne Wientge, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 98221, WA
Deanne Wientge
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
Anacortes, WA 98221  (Online Only)
Specializing in working with adult anxiety, grief, depression and trauma, with a primary focus on Christian, trauma, military spouse and first responder based counseling and disaster response. Offering compassionate, competent, non-judgmental, and friendly ADULT only counseling via HIPPA compliant VIDEO CONFERENCING. Deanne has over 25+ years experience working with children and adults on military installations, in schools and in private practice with victims of crime, disasters, & trauma. Deanne has additional career experience in aviation & K9 SAR.
Specializing in working with adult anxiety, grief, depression and trauma, with a primary focus on Christian, trauma, military spouse and first responder based counseling and disaster response. Offering compassionate, competent, non-judgmental, and friendly ADULT only counseling via HIPPA compliant VIDEO CONFERENCING. Deanne has over 25+ years experience working with children and adults on military installations, in schools and in private practice with victims of crime, disasters, & trauma. Deanne has additional career experience in aviation & K9 SAR.
(360) 800-1091 View (360) 800-1091
Photo of Christine 'Katie' Eastman, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 98221, WA
Christine 'Katie' Eastman
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, PsyD, LICSW
Verified Verified
Anacortes, WA 98221
As a licensed psychotherapist and coach specializing in loss and transition, I support people of all ages before, during and after serious loss by: Providing practical tools for coping with serious illness, death, divorce, retirement and other life transitions, allowing the pain of loss to serve as an opportunity for positive change. Facing loss can remind us of what we value most providing opportunity to consciously make choices that re- affirm these values in all aspects of our lives. Over time, this process of reaffirming and recreating our lives reveals the skills, gifts and talents we bring to the world.
As a licensed psychotherapist and coach specializing in loss and transition, I support people of all ages before, during and after serious loss by: Providing practical tools for coping with serious illness, death, divorce, retirement and other life transitions, allowing the pain of loss to serve as an opportunity for positive change. Facing loss can remind us of what we value most providing opportunity to consciously make choices that re- affirm these values in all aspects of our lives. Over time, this process of reaffirming and recreating our lives reveals the skills, gifts and talents we bring to the world.
(360) 703-9131 View (360) 703-9131
Photo of Erin Welsh, Counselor in 98221, WA
Erin Welsh
Counselor, MA, LMHC, EMDR, C-PD
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Anacortes, WA 98221
At Hope Clinic Behavioral Health, my approach is based on a person-centered and cognitive-behavioral therapy philosophy of care as I work with individuals, couples, and youth in need of support. Together we outline approaches that best match your needs and goals. I strive to use my experience, and honest and open style of communication to act as a positive support to help you establish and fulfill therapeutic and life goals, providing psychotherapy in accordance with an evidence-based practice recovery model. If you're a couple reaching out for support, I will work with you to encourage a deeper connection and accountability.
At Hope Clinic Behavioral Health, my approach is based on a person-centered and cognitive-behavioral therapy philosophy of care as I work with individuals, couples, and youth in need of support. Together we outline approaches that best match your needs and goals. I strive to use my experience, and honest and open style of communication to act as a positive support to help you establish and fulfill therapeutic and life goals, providing psychotherapy in accordance with an evidence-based practice recovery model. If you're a couple reaching out for support, I will work with you to encourage a deeper connection and accountability.
(360) 202-3605 View (360) 202-3605
Photo of Bill Aloe, Marriage & Family Therapist in 98221, WA
Bill Aloe
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, JD
Verified Verified
Anacortes, WA 98221
Sessions with me will include open and honest conversations about your past and present while of course exploring and helping you to create your hopes for the future. I begin helping you, or you and your partner, from an understanding that growth and change can be both scary and exciting. I meet my clients wherever they are, and work with them in a non-judgmental and supportive manner to build a life of meaning, both in relationship to themselves and in relationship to others.
Sessions with me will include open and honest conversations about your past and present while of course exploring and helping you to create your hopes for the future. I begin helping you, or you and your partner, from an understanding that growth and change can be both scary and exciting. I meet my clients wherever they are, and work with them in a non-judgmental and supportive manner to build a life of meaning, both in relationship to themselves and in relationship to others.
(360) 997-0471 View (360) 997-0471
Photo of Blue Water Behavior Consulting in 98221, WA
Blue Water Behavior Consulting
MS, LBA, BCBA
Verified Verified
Anacortes, WA 98221
I am a Board Certified Behavior Analyst (BCBA) that specializes in the treatment of autism spectrum disorders and other developmental disabilities using Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA). Services can take place at our office, in your home, or at your child's school or daycare. I develop an individualized treatment plan for each person I serve in order to help them reach their full potential. Some of the skills ABA is highly effective in teaching include functional communication, strategies to reduce challenging behavior, social skills, activities of daily living, gross and fine motor skills, and cognitive skills/academics.
I am a Board Certified Behavior Analyst (BCBA) that specializes in the treatment of autism spectrum disorders and other developmental disabilities using Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA). Services can take place at our office, in your home, or at your child's school or daycare. I develop an individualized treatment plan for each person I serve in order to help them reach their full potential. Some of the skills ABA is highly effective in teaching include functional communication, strategies to reduce challenging behavior, social skills, activities of daily living, gross and fine motor skills, and cognitive skills/academics.
(360) 972-3612 View (360) 972-3612
Photo of Kristine Williams, Counselor in 98221, WA
Kristine Williams
Counselor, MA, LMHC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Anacortes, WA 98221
What is it that we all have in common? Perhaps it is the desire to be happy, to find meaning in life or to have connections with others. Maybe we are searching for a feeling of calmness; or to be less overwhelmed. We all have our own personal struggles. I believe that my calming presence and acceptance of others helps clients feel comfortable and at ease. Finding the right therapist is key to your personal growth and emotional wellbeing.
What is it that we all have in common? Perhaps it is the desire to be happy, to find meaning in life or to have connections with others. Maybe we are searching for a feeling of calmness; or to be less overwhelmed. We all have our own personal struggles. I believe that my calming presence and acceptance of others helps clients feel comfortable and at ease. Finding the right therapist is key to your personal growth and emotional wellbeing.
(844) 310-9926 View (844) 310-9926
Photo of C Jennifer Paddock, Drug & Alcohol Counselor in 98221, WA
C Jennifer Paddock
Drug & Alcohol Counselor, MA, MAC, SUDP, MHP
Verified Verified
Anacortes, WA 98221
Are you concerned about your own or someone else's substance use or addictive behavior? Worry, confusion, shame, making excuses to others, relationship struggles, accidents and just getting through each day are typical signs of trouble with drugs and alcohol, gambling, technology or other addiction. If you have been or are exposed to another's addiction you are likely effected by this disease. I understand and want to help you by offering my 30 years of professional and personal experience. If you think you may have a problem and are ready to create happiness, peace, confidence with my support and help, contact me. There is hope!
Are you concerned about your own or someone else's substance use or addictive behavior? Worry, confusion, shame, making excuses to others, relationship struggles, accidents and just getting through each day are typical signs of trouble with drugs and alcohol, gambling, technology or other addiction. If you have been or are exposed to another's addiction you are likely effected by this disease. I understand and want to help you by offering my 30 years of professional and personal experience. If you think you may have a problem and are ready to create happiness, peace, confidence with my support and help, contact me. There is hope!
(360) 763-0209 View (360) 763-0209
Photo of Amy Begnal, Mental Health Counselor in 98221, WA
Amy Begnal
Mental Health Counselor, EdS, LPC, LMHC
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Anacortes, WA 98221
Choosing to explore therapy can elicit a number of emotional responses. For some, this is an important step in recognizing an issue and deciding to move toward resolve. Others may experience a lack of clarity in regards to what exactly needs to change and uncertainty about entering therapy. No matter where you are in your healing, I offer a safe and personal therapeutic process to fit your specific needs. My goal is to work toward your desired outcome by offering a collaborative and supportive exploration of your concerns while utilizing an integrative style of therapeutic modalities that are all firmly established through research.
Choosing to explore therapy can elicit a number of emotional responses. For some, this is an important step in recognizing an issue and deciding to move toward resolve. Others may experience a lack of clarity in regards to what exactly needs to change and uncertainty about entering therapy. No matter where you are in your healing, I offer a safe and personal therapeutic process to fit your specific needs. My goal is to work toward your desired outcome by offering a collaborative and supportive exploration of your concerns while utilizing an integrative style of therapeutic modalities that are all firmly established through research.
(360) 472-4490 x505 View (360) 472-4490 x505
Photo of Josie Nickum, Counselor in 98221, WA
Josie Nickum
Counselor, MEd, LMHC
Verified Verified
Anacortes, WA 98221
I offer counseling services for adults, couples and teens in Anacortes, Washington. Remote services are available if you live in Washington State. My areas of expertise include working with clients who are recovering from: historical and complex trauma, work-related burnout, body and food related issues, anxiety and depression. I also love working with couples, adolescents and parents who need help with challenging parent-child dynamics. I use a variety of trauma and attachment informed techniques (internal family systems, emotion-focused & somatic approaches) and anti-oppression theories to guide my work.
I offer counseling services for adults, couples and teens in Anacortes, Washington. Remote services are available if you live in Washington State. My areas of expertise include working with clients who are recovering from: historical and complex trauma, work-related burnout, body and food related issues, anxiety and depression. I also love working with couples, adolescents and parents who need help with challenging parent-child dynamics. I use a variety of trauma and attachment informed techniques (internal family systems, emotion-focused & somatic approaches) and anti-oppression theories to guide my work.
(360) 564-6046 View (360) 564-6046
Photo of Josh Stabbert, Counselor in 98221, WA
Josh Stabbert
Counselor, MA, LMHC
Verified Verified
Anacortes, WA 98221  (Online Only)
Hey there! If you’ve found your way here, chances are high that you’ve spent at least part of your life stuck in struggle. Feeling like you have to constantly push through just to make it through your day and feeling powerless over it all. I get it. I know it’s not easy feeling overwhelmed with the anxiety of trying to figure it all out on your own. You deserve to be empowered, find freedom, and to have ownership over your life.
Hey there! If you’ve found your way here, chances are high that you’ve spent at least part of your life stuck in struggle. Feeling like you have to constantly push through just to make it through your day and feeling powerless over it all. I get it. I know it’s not easy feeling overwhelmed with the anxiety of trying to figure it all out on your own. You deserve to be empowered, find freedom, and to have ownership over your life.
(360) 215-2761 View (360) 215-2761
Photo of Kelly J Niess, Marriage & Family Therapist in 98221, WA
Kelly J Niess
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Anacortes, WA 98221
As we all know, this life is a challenging, exciting, but sometimes difficult journey. My goal is to assist you in navigating through those difficulties in a healthy, meaningful way. My work is now focused on adult individuals and I look forward to helping you adapt and thrive in an ever-changing world. Along with being a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist, I am also a Grief Counselor. I have worked with people of all ages for many years and strive to do what I can to make their world a better one.
As we all know, this life is a challenging, exciting, but sometimes difficult journey. My goal is to assist you in navigating through those difficulties in a healthy, meaningful way. My work is now focused on adult individuals and I look forward to helping you adapt and thrive in an ever-changing world. Along with being a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist, I am also a Grief Counselor. I have worked with people of all ages for many years and strive to do what I can to make their world a better one.
(206) 504-3283 View (206) 504-3283
Photo of Katie King, Counselor in 98221, WA
Katie King
Counselor, MEd, LMHCA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Anacortes, WA 98221
I am a Licensed Mental Health Counselor Associate at Anacortes Psych & Wellness and a Licensed School Counselor with 8 years of experience in behavioral skills programs in comprehensive high schools. I'm truly passionate about working with and supporting teens (13+) and adults as they clarify goals and discover unique pathways to helping them find their authentic selves. My clinical expertise includes anxiety, depression, self-esteem, school-related issues, the LGBTQIA+ community, ADHD, trauma, and life transitions, and interpersonal relationships.
I am a Licensed Mental Health Counselor Associate at Anacortes Psych & Wellness and a Licensed School Counselor with 8 years of experience in behavioral skills programs in comprehensive high schools. I'm truly passionate about working with and supporting teens (13+) and adults as they clarify goals and discover unique pathways to helping them find their authentic selves. My clinical expertise includes anxiety, depression, self-esteem, school-related issues, the LGBTQIA+ community, ADHD, trauma, and life transitions, and interpersonal relationships.
(360) 516-2666 View (360) 516-2666
Photo of Thom Thornsberry Smith, Marriage & Family Therapist in 98221, WA
Thom Thornsberry Smith
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT, CHT
Verified Verified
Anacortes, WA 98221
Not accepting new clients
We are truly living in troubled times, globally and personally. Many of us find ourselves fluctuating between feelings of anxiety and/or depression. At 67 years old, I’ve spent nearly half my life – 35 years – as a Marriage and Family Therapist/Psychotherapist. Adding Hypnotherapy to my practice has been a game changer, and that, along with friends, colleagues, and many clients, I’ve learned ways of managing my thinking and thereby managing my emotions. This is what I do in my private practice and I can help you to do the same.
We are truly living in troubled times, globally and personally. Many of us find ourselves fluctuating between feelings of anxiety and/or depression. At 67 years old, I’ve spent nearly half my life – 35 years – as a Marriage and Family Therapist/Psychotherapist. Adding Hypnotherapy to my practice has been a game changer, and that, along with friends, colleagues, and many clients, I’ve learned ways of managing my thinking and thereby managing my emotions. This is what I do in my private practice and I can help you to do the same.
(206) 207-3006 View (206) 207-3006
Photo of Lea Kennedy, Marriage & Family Therapist in 98221, WA
Lea Kennedy
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Anacortes, WA 98221
Hello, I am an individual, couple and family therapist who helps clients learn to be with themselves and to be with others in a healthy and authentic way. I have interests in working with clients around family life transitions, anxiety and depression, and grief and loss. I work from a strength-based, humanistic, and family systems approach in that I view concerns through an individual lens but also through a much broader relational, social, cultural, spiritual, environmental context.
Hello, I am an individual, couple and family therapist who helps clients learn to be with themselves and to be with others in a healthy and authentic way. I have interests in working with clients around family life transitions, anxiety and depression, and grief and loss. I work from a strength-based, humanistic, and family systems approach in that I view concerns through an individual lens but also through a much broader relational, social, cultural, spiritual, environmental context.
(360) 564-5507 View (360) 564-5507
Photo of Malka Golden-Wolfe, Marriage & Family Therapist in 98221, WA
Malka Golden-Wolfe
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, PhD
Verified Verified
Anacortes, WA 98221  (Online Only)
I can offer you and your spouse, partner or family, Therapy to Support your Life. I have been trained in many modalities and work with my clients in the way that best suites your personality and communication style. I have been a therapist for over three decades working with individuals and family groups to heal wounds, promote understanding, forgiveness and compassion. Strengthen your self Image, become your best self, express your highest potential and awaken your creativity. Live a happy, awakened and conscious LIFE. I can assist and support you in empowering and creating the present and future you desire.
I can offer you and your spouse, partner or family, Therapy to Support your Life. I have been trained in many modalities and work with my clients in the way that best suites your personality and communication style. I have been a therapist for over three decades working with individuals and family groups to heal wounds, promote understanding, forgiveness and compassion. Strengthen your self Image, become your best self, express your highest potential and awaken your creativity. Live a happy, awakened and conscious LIFE. I can assist and support you in empowering and creating the present and future you desire.
(360) 389-2999 View (360) 389-2999
Photo of Barbara N Gaffney, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 98221, WA
Barbara N Gaffney
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
Anacortes, WA 98221  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
Life can be challenging. Whether it's loss, change, death of a loved one or uncertainty of life's direction, we all hit roadblocks and obstacles. During those times it's important to be heard. I am here to listen and to inspire hope. I believe in my clients' abilities to change. I nurture their inner strength until they can believe in themselves. Change is powerful. It can be transformational, scary and exciting. When I worked in Palliative Care with patients who were at the end stage of their lives, I was witness to the power of being present. In the quiet presence of acceptance, a deep healing can occur. PLEASE EMAIL FOR CONSULT
Life can be challenging. Whether it's loss, change, death of a loved one or uncertainty of life's direction, we all hit roadblocks and obstacles. During those times it's important to be heard. I am here to listen and to inspire hope. I believe in my clients' abilities to change. I nurture their inner strength until they can believe in themselves. Change is powerful. It can be transformational, scary and exciting. When I worked in Palliative Care with patients who were at the end stage of their lives, I was witness to the power of being present. In the quiet presence of acceptance, a deep healing can occur. PLEASE EMAIL FOR CONSULT
(855) 611-2665 View (855) 611-2665
Photo of John B Swain, Counselor in 98221, WA
John B Swain
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
Anacortes, WA 98221
Waitlist for new clients
As a practicing Licensed Mental Health counselor for the past 25 years, I fundamentally believe in an individual's innate capacity to heal, grow and thrive. My practice is strengths-based and focuses on assisting people in recognizing and maximizing their skills and abilities. I am privileged to assist clients in achieving their full potential and capacity to lead creative and fulfilling lives.
As a practicing Licensed Mental Health counselor for the past 25 years, I fundamentally believe in an individual's innate capacity to heal, grow and thrive. My practice is strengths-based and focuses on assisting people in recognizing and maximizing their skills and abilities. I am privileged to assist clients in achieving their full potential and capacity to lead creative and fulfilling lives.
(360) 813-6437 View (360) 813-6437
Photo of Dave M White, Marriage & Family Therapist in 98221, WA
Dave M White
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Anacortes, WA 98221  (Online Only)
I work with clients to clarify their goals and then figure out what we can do to support those goals and identify anything that has been interfering with achieving those goals. In other words, I start with focusing on the future, not the past. I prioritize understanding over suggestions because I believe that once people understand what they want they will make healthy choices.
I work with clients to clarify their goals and then figure out what we can do to support those goals and identify anything that has been interfering with achieving those goals. In other words, I start with focusing on the future, not the past. I prioritize understanding over suggestions because I believe that once people understand what they want they will make healthy choices.
(360) 205-1851 View (360) 205-1851

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 98221

70+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in 98221 who prioritize treating:

90% Anxiety
79% Self Esteem
78% Depression
73% Coping Skills
71% Grief
71% Stress
70% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

14 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

74% Premera
61% Regence
52% BlueCross and BlueShield

How Therapists in 98221 see their clients

72% In Person and Online
28% Online Only

Gender breakdown

70% Female
28% Male
2% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 98221?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.