Photo of Seven Dunsmore, Counselor in 98070, WA
Seven Dunsmore
Counselor, MA, LMHC, MHP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Vashon, WA 98070
Consciousness is evolving. This is a wonderful time to be alive, but if there is something preventing you from achieving your potential -- I can help. I have over 20 years' experience working in community mental health and in private practice, and my specialties include working through the painful memories of trauma, childhood sexual abuse, family conflict/abuse, and other deprivations which create low self-esteem and cause depression and anxiety. I am also interested in how capitalist culture undermines our ability to express ourselves creatively, and how the pressure of modern life can thwart vitality and hope.
Consciousness is evolving. This is a wonderful time to be alive, but if there is something preventing you from achieving your potential -- I can help. I have over 20 years' experience working in community mental health and in private practice, and my specialties include working through the painful memories of trauma, childhood sexual abuse, family conflict/abuse, and other deprivations which create low self-esteem and cause depression and anxiety. I am also interested in how capitalist culture undermines our ability to express ourselves creatively, and how the pressure of modern life can thwart vitality and hope.
(206) 237-7718 View (206) 237-7718
Photo of Holly Taylor, Counselor in 98070, WA
Holly Taylor
Counselor, MA, LMHC
Not Verified Not Verified
Vashon, WA 98070
Integration of traumatic memories will elicit profound change, and enable us to feel and act from the love that is inherent in all people. I believe we are best able to become more aware of ourselves through studying our relationships. I will work with you to discover how you relate to others; we will study how your brain functions to bring past experiences into the present moment, distorting your sense of self and creating conflict. Clearing trauma can enable you to differentiate between then and now, so you are more free to make conscious choices about how you relate today.
Integration of traumatic memories will elicit profound change, and enable us to feel and act from the love that is inherent in all people. I believe we are best able to become more aware of ourselves through studying our relationships. I will work with you to discover how you relate to others; we will study how your brain functions to bring past experiences into the present moment, distorting your sense of self and creating conflict. Clearing trauma can enable you to differentiate between then and now, so you are more free to make conscious choices about how you relate today.
(206) 504-2246 View (206) 504-2246
Photo of Mark P Timken, Counselor in 98070, WA
Mark P Timken
Counselor, MA, LMHC
Verified Verified
Vashon, WA 98070  (Online Only)
Welcome! This is a critical time for you, and finding the right therapist is fundamental as you learn to cultivate your wholeness and acquire self-healing skills. Maybe you have tried therapy before and been disappointed. Ultimately, my task as a soulcentric psychotherapist is to accompany you as you discover who you REALLY are and help uncover your deepest gifts for this world. I feel honored to be a part of this journey and am inspired by your courage to reach out for support. Contact me, and let's see if soulcentric therapy is right for you.
Welcome! This is a critical time for you, and finding the right therapist is fundamental as you learn to cultivate your wholeness and acquire self-healing skills. Maybe you have tried therapy before and been disappointed. Ultimately, my task as a soulcentric psychotherapist is to accompany you as you discover who you REALLY are and help uncover your deepest gifts for this world. I feel honored to be a part of this journey and am inspired by your courage to reach out for support. Contact me, and let's see if soulcentric therapy is right for you.
(206) 488-1597 View (206) 488-1597
Photo of Michael Susanne Butler, Counselor in 98070, WA
Michael Susanne Butler
Counselor, MA, LMHC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Vashon, WA 98070
You might be feeling stuck in your life, or perhaps struggling to be happy, to be connected with others, to be free of anxiety. I am experienced in treating anxiety, depression and life transitions, in addition to identifying ways of being that keep you from moving forward in life. Your commitment to the difficult and sometimes painful work of looking honestly at your issues is made easier in the safe accepting environment I provide. We might even find ourselves celebrating your increased freedom to be yourself with joy and ease!
You might be feeling stuck in your life, or perhaps struggling to be happy, to be connected with others, to be free of anxiety. I am experienced in treating anxiety, depression and life transitions, in addition to identifying ways of being that keep you from moving forward in life. Your commitment to the difficult and sometimes painful work of looking honestly at your issues is made easier in the safe accepting environment I provide. We might even find ourselves celebrating your increased freedom to be yourself with joy and ease!
(206) 496-0849 View (206) 496-0849
Photo of Stephanie M Mustopich, Marriage & Family Therapist in 98070, WA
Stephanie M Mustopich
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, MHP, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Vashon, WA 98070  (Online Only)
Welcome! You've already taken the first step of searching for a therapist for yourself or a loved one. I want to acknowledge how difficult that can be and am here to help support you through the rest of the journey. I see adolescents, adults and couples for a variety of issues such as family or relational conflict, anxiety, depression, self-compassion, codependency, and boundaries. I find it deeply rewarding to provide therapy to those who identify anywhere on the LGBTQ+ spectrum. Building a trusting relationship is my first priority. We will create a safe, non-judgmental space together where you can meet your goals.
Welcome! You've already taken the first step of searching for a therapist for yourself or a loved one. I want to acknowledge how difficult that can be and am here to help support you through the rest of the journey. I see adolescents, adults and couples for a variety of issues such as family or relational conflict, anxiety, depression, self-compassion, codependency, and boundaries. I find it deeply rewarding to provide therapy to those who identify anywhere on the LGBTQ+ spectrum. Building a trusting relationship is my first priority. We will create a safe, non-judgmental space together where you can meet your goals.
(541) 372-6052 View (541) 372-6052
Photo of Susan Baum, Counselor in 98070, WA
Susan Baum
Counselor, MA, LMHC
Verified Verified
Vashon, WA 98070
Psychological patterns that constrict or inhibit us also live inside our bodies, in the ways we breathe, hold tension, or respond to stress. Working therapeutically with both the body and mind offers a profound potential for changing deeply held ways of thinking, feeling, and being in the world. Therapy with me is not just talk, but truly holistic in exploring the deeper layers of experience through attention to the body, sensation, impulse, imagery, and emotion. This process helps to get you out of your head and into your body, and generates lasting changes in how you feel and experience yourself.
Psychological patterns that constrict or inhibit us also live inside our bodies, in the ways we breathe, hold tension, or respond to stress. Working therapeutically with both the body and mind offers a profound potential for changing deeply held ways of thinking, feeling, and being in the world. Therapy with me is not just talk, but truly holistic in exploring the deeper layers of experience through attention to the body, sensation, impulse, imagery, and emotion. This process helps to get you out of your head and into your body, and generates lasting changes in how you feel and experience yourself.
(206) 681-1397 View (206) 681-1397
Photo of Cristina Carnie, Mental Health Counselor Associate in 98070, WA
Cristina Carnie
Mental Health Counselor Associate, MA, LMHCA
Verified Verified
Vashon, WA 98070
I have openings in-person (Vashon) and online! I enjoy working with individuals seeking to engage more deeply with their inner life. This may mean that someone begins therapy with a certain goal, and through a safe therapeutic relationship, they discover other unconscious parts of themselves that may provide compassion to old ways of being. I consider therapy to be a space in which everyone involved grows and heals through the vulnerability that comes from relationship. I would love to work with people who are comfortable being uncomfortable, with the trust that delving into the unconscious can reap powerful healing and clarity.
I have openings in-person (Vashon) and online! I enjoy working with individuals seeking to engage more deeply with their inner life. This may mean that someone begins therapy with a certain goal, and through a safe therapeutic relationship, they discover other unconscious parts of themselves that may provide compassion to old ways of being. I consider therapy to be a space in which everyone involved grows and heals through the vulnerability that comes from relationship. I would love to work with people who are comfortable being uncomfortable, with the trust that delving into the unconscious can reap powerful healing and clarity.
(206) 558-8957 View (206) 558-8957
Photo of Susa Holt, Counselor in 98070, WA
Susa Holt
Counselor, ND(ret), MA, LMHC, SEP
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Vashon, WA 98070
As humans, we are hardwired for connection, love and a felt sense of belonging. I can help you to create deeper connections in relationships that matter, with partners, friends, family, and most importantly, with yourself. Together we can create a space, for you to design what you want for your life. I offer compassionate guidance assisting individuals and couples, who have arrived at some sort of impasse in their lives. It takes courage to begin to examine one's life and relationships. Mary Oliver wrote in The Journey, "One day you finally knew what you had to do...and began."
As humans, we are hardwired for connection, love and a felt sense of belonging. I can help you to create deeper connections in relationships that matter, with partners, friends, family, and most importantly, with yourself. Together we can create a space, for you to design what you want for your life. I offer compassionate guidance assisting individuals and couples, who have arrived at some sort of impasse in their lives. It takes courage to begin to examine one's life and relationships. Mary Oliver wrote in The Journey, "One day you finally knew what you had to do...and began."
(206) 451-7925 View (206) 451-7925
Photo of Loren Cline, Counselor in 98070, WA
Loren Cline
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
Vashon, WA 98070
I am a Licensed Mental Health Therapist based in the greater Seattle area. I’ve been in practice for over 25 years providing individual psychotherapy for adolescents and adults ages 16 and up. My particular focus is on women ready to address unwanted patterns in their lives including but not limited to relationships with their bodies, partners, friendships, alcohol, marijuana, food, family, career and their inner navigation and intuition. With adolescents the focus often is on social anxiety, time management, and substance abuse including eating disorders, social media use and impact, and nervous system regulation skills.
I am a Licensed Mental Health Therapist based in the greater Seattle area. I’ve been in practice for over 25 years providing individual psychotherapy for adolescents and adults ages 16 and up. My particular focus is on women ready to address unwanted patterns in their lives including but not limited to relationships with their bodies, partners, friendships, alcohol, marijuana, food, family, career and their inner navigation and intuition. With adolescents the focus often is on social anxiety, time management, and substance abuse including eating disorders, social media use and impact, and nervous system regulation skills.
(206) 785-3934 View (206) 785-3934
Photo of Daniel Franklin Cummings PS, Counselor in 98070, WA
Daniel Franklin Cummings PS
Counselor, MA, LMHC, NCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Vashon, WA 98070  (Online Only)
I work with my clients to make sense and meaning out of their life experiences. The search for meaning is a powerful tool for dealing with trauma, loss, pain, anxiety and depression. My goal as a therapist is to help my clients make meaning of the moments in life in order to live a reach and meaningful life.
I work with my clients to make sense and meaning out of their life experiences. The search for meaning is a powerful tool for dealing with trauma, loss, pain, anxiety and depression. My goal as a therapist is to help my clients make meaning of the moments in life in order to live a reach and meaningful life.
(206) 504-2824 View (206) 504-2824
Photo of Rachel Lordkenaga, Counselor in 98070, WA
Rachel Lordkenaga
Counselor, MA, LMHC, ATR-BC
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Vashon, WA 98070
Not accepting new clients
I am passionate about the therapeutic relationship. This work entails identifying issues and concerns and processing them in a constructive way. I am interested in holding hope for you on this journey, even when you are feeling hopeless. I think it is important to understand the connection between the mind and the body as well as the past and the present as challenges are confronted. I find the use of creativity, both in art making and perspective changing, very healing. It is an honor to guide you in the process of creating the life you desire.
I am passionate about the therapeutic relationship. This work entails identifying issues and concerns and processing them in a constructive way. I am interested in holding hope for you on this journey, even when you are feeling hopeless. I think it is important to understand the connection between the mind and the body as well as the past and the present as challenges are confronted. I find the use of creativity, both in art making and perspective changing, very healing. It is an honor to guide you in the process of creating the life you desire.
(206) 203-4254 View (206) 203-4254
Photo of Maggi McConnell, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in 98070, WA
Maggi McConnell
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, LMFTA
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Vashon, WA 98070  (Online Only)
At my core, I am a relational therapist and do my best work with couples, non-monogamous romantic partnerships, and families of all forms, including co-parents who are no longer in romantic partnerships. I believe that systemic therapy is a way to create meaningful change and get unstuck from the patterns that no longer serve us.
At my core, I am a relational therapist and do my best work with couples, non-monogamous romantic partnerships, and families of all forms, including co-parents who are no longer in romantic partnerships. I believe that systemic therapy is a way to create meaningful change and get unstuck from the patterns that no longer serve us.
(206) 866-6219 View (206) 866-6219
Photo of Susan James, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 98070, WA
Susan James
Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Verified Verified
Vashon, WA 98070  (Online Only)
You're dealing with a lot of anxiety and/or depression and find it hard to function well in many areas of your life. You experienced a traumatic event, or several traumas and the after-effects continue to trouble you. Maybe you've tried a lot of ways to feel better but still feel stuck.
You're dealing with a lot of anxiety and/or depression and find it hard to function well in many areas of your life. You experienced a traumatic event, or several traumas and the after-effects continue to trouble you. Maybe you've tried a lot of ways to feel better but still feel stuck.
(253) 398-8097 View (253) 398-8097
Photo of Jeffrey Tipp, Marriage & Family Therapist in 98070, WA
Jeffrey Tipp
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, MFT
Verified Verified
Vashon, WA 98070
My therapy practice is client centered, so I place full attention on precisely what you hope for , what you dream of, and what gets in the way. I tailor our work to achieve meaningful change that will endure, regardless of outer circumstances.I combine Zen awareness training and cutting edge modalities that are innovative yet accessible and invite the inner courage of my clients.I recognize and honor the native wisdom of clients regarding their own lives. Clients report they experience the beginnings of change almost immediately. Over half of my clients work with me via Skype video conferencing.
My therapy practice is client centered, so I place full attention on precisely what you hope for , what you dream of, and what gets in the way. I tailor our work to achieve meaningful change that will endure, regardless of outer circumstances.I combine Zen awareness training and cutting edge modalities that are innovative yet accessible and invite the inner courage of my clients.I recognize and honor the native wisdom of clients regarding their own lives. Clients report they experience the beginnings of change almost immediately. Over half of my clients work with me via Skype video conferencing.
(206) 651-4972 View (206) 651-4972
Photo of Amy Maez, Counselor in 98070, WA
Amy Maez
Counselor, CL
Verified Verified
Vashon, WA 98070
My counseling philosophy diverges from traditional approaches by rejecting notions of brokenness in clients. Instead, I believe in innate wholeness and wisdom within each person. Within the therapeutic space, you are invited on a collaborative journey of self-discovery and growth. At the heart of my counseling philosophy lies the conviction that clients need a nurturing environment to explore their inner landscape. Together, we delve into thoughts, beliefs, and patterns to uncover skills and healing knowledge already within. This process is about honoring the strength and resilience that have sustained you through life's challenges.
My counseling philosophy diverges from traditional approaches by rejecting notions of brokenness in clients. Instead, I believe in innate wholeness and wisdom within each person. Within the therapeutic space, you are invited on a collaborative journey of self-discovery and growth. At the heart of my counseling philosophy lies the conviction that clients need a nurturing environment to explore their inner landscape. Together, we delve into thoughts, beliefs, and patterns to uncover skills and healing knowledge already within. This process is about honoring the strength and resilience that have sustained you through life's challenges.
(206) 944-5811 View (206) 944-5811
Photo of Marie Sohl, Counselor in 98070, WA
Marie Sohl
Counselor, MS, LMHC
Verified Verified
Vashon, WA 98070
Specializing in serving Vashon Island helping adults heal anxiety, depression, stress which often originate from patterns learned in childhood or from trauma. Treatment goes back to heal the very beginning of these patterns through EMDR, IFS, and Hypnotherapy. Marie Sohl has been working with families and infants, toddler or preschooler ages 0-6 for over 20 years who are needing extra support through changes and transitions. The extensive history working with young children and their families are helpful in understanding healing for adults who have been affected by childhood events.
Specializing in serving Vashon Island helping adults heal anxiety, depression, stress which often originate from patterns learned in childhood or from trauma. Treatment goes back to heal the very beginning of these patterns through EMDR, IFS, and Hypnotherapy. Marie Sohl has been working with families and infants, toddler or preschooler ages 0-6 for over 20 years who are needing extra support through changes and transitions. The extensive history working with young children and their families are helpful in understanding healing for adults who have been affected by childhood events.
(206) 535-1859 View (206) 535-1859
Photo of Susan Ross & Associates, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 98070, WA
Susan Ross & Associates
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
Vashon, WA 98070
Maybe you’ve ’just read “The Body Keeps the Score,” and are curious about trauma treatment. Possibly you feel overwhelmed. Addictions may have added to the mix. Shame, guilt, and suffering interfere with the life you imagine. I get it. My treatment approach is designed to help you release your restrictive heaviness and wounds in a timely manner. I offer neurofeedback and EMDR as well as talk therapy. When clients are offered these methods together, breakthroughs happen. We use cutting edge neuroscience with heart-centered therapy to help your brain and body align. Our treatment effectively works with all of you.
Maybe you’ve ’just read “The Body Keeps the Score,” and are curious about trauma treatment. Possibly you feel overwhelmed. Addictions may have added to the mix. Shame, guilt, and suffering interfere with the life you imagine. I get it. My treatment approach is designed to help you release your restrictive heaviness and wounds in a timely manner. I offer neurofeedback and EMDR as well as talk therapy. When clients are offered these methods together, breakthroughs happen. We use cutting edge neuroscience with heart-centered therapy to help your brain and body align. Our treatment effectively works with all of you.
(206) 489-3508 View (206) 489-3508
Sonja Sackman
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Vashon, WA 98070  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
I believe good therapy is a bit like alchemy. As in alchemy we work to turn lead into gold: the heaviness of a weary psyche into the brightness of the luminescent soul. And like alchemy, even the most thorough rational or scientific understanding of the process is insufficient to account for psychological metamorphosis. I work with people who would like to use their capacity for memory and imagination as a force for change in themselves and their circumstances and I help people manifest their vision within the context of everyday life.
I believe good therapy is a bit like alchemy. As in alchemy we work to turn lead into gold: the heaviness of a weary psyche into the brightness of the luminescent soul. And like alchemy, even the most thorough rational or scientific understanding of the process is insufficient to account for psychological metamorphosis. I work with people who would like to use their capacity for memory and imagination as a force for change in themselves and their circumstances and I help people manifest their vision within the context of everyday life.
(206) 855-5933 View (206) 855-5933
Photo of Kim Newall, Counselor in 98070, WA
Kim Newall
Counselor, MA, LMHC, ATR
Verified Verified
Vashon, WA 98070  (Online Only)
My practice is focused on the resolution of trauma using EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing) which effectively and efficiently treats trauma. Trauma can be a single event such as a car accident or sexual assault, or could be more complicated, involving childhood trauma. Memories of these events can cause big feelings to erupt, avoidance of similar situations, nightmares, and even flashbacks that make it feel like the event is still happening to you. Below is a simple, animated description of how EMDR works: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hKrfH43srg8
My practice is focused on the resolution of trauma using EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing) which effectively and efficiently treats trauma. Trauma can be a single event such as a car accident or sexual assault, or could be more complicated, involving childhood trauma. Memories of these events can cause big feelings to erupt, avoidance of similar situations, nightmares, and even flashbacks that make it feel like the event is still happening to you. Below is a simple, animated description of how EMDR works: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hKrfH43srg8
(206) 429-6243 View (206) 429-6243
Photo of Liz Brenneman, Counselor in 98070, WA
Liz Brenneman
Counselor, MA, LMHC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Vashon, WA 98070
I work with individuals, couples, and families. Counseling is an art form.... the art of listening, the ability to create visual understanding of deeply embedded meaning regarded as truth vs. constructions. Healing begins when a client feels safe enough to deconstruct and replace maladaptive beliefs and behaviors. Integrating new perspectives and a fresh understanding of old stories is a means to sustainable change - a gift of self acceptance. As a therapeutic guide, I believe that each of us is the best source of our own healing....I am there to facilitate what is already true and wise in each client.
I work with individuals, couples, and families. Counseling is an art form.... the art of listening, the ability to create visual understanding of deeply embedded meaning regarded as truth vs. constructions. Healing begins when a client feels safe enough to deconstruct and replace maladaptive beliefs and behaviors. Integrating new perspectives and a fresh understanding of old stories is a means to sustainable change - a gift of self acceptance. As a therapeutic guide, I believe that each of us is the best source of our own healing....I am there to facilitate what is already true and wise in each client.
(206) 866-6321 View (206) 866-6321

See more therapy options for 98070

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 98070

30+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in 98070 who prioritize treating:

97% Anxiety
92% Depression
86% Trauma and PTSD
86% Self Esteem
78% Relationship Issues
73% Grief
70% Life Transitions

Average years in practice

9 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

81% Premera
69% First Choice Health | FCH
69% Regence

How Therapists in 98070 see their clients

57% In Person and Online
43% Online Only

Gender breakdown

78% Female
17% Male
5% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 98070?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.