Photo of Judith Wolder, Marriage & Family Therapist in 95648, CA
Judith Wolder
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Lincoln, CA 95648
Hi, I'm Judi Wolder, LMFT 116638. I partner with you to reach life balance and achieve a greater sense of joy and contentment. I use an eclectic approach and draw from much evidence-based modalities to suit your needs. I am committed to helping clients attain life purpose and full personal empowerment. I work with individuals, couples, families, and adolescents (13-17). I treat mood disorders, depression, relationship issues through, OCD, addiction, attachment styles, trauma, grief, illness, life balance, self-care, self-esteem, and much more. For more information, clients may call me to discuss how I can best fit their needs.
Hi, I'm Judi Wolder, LMFT 116638. I partner with you to reach life balance and achieve a greater sense of joy and contentment. I use an eclectic approach and draw from much evidence-based modalities to suit your needs. I am committed to helping clients attain life purpose and full personal empowerment. I work with individuals, couples, families, and adolescents (13-17). I treat mood disorders, depression, relationship issues through, OCD, addiction, attachment styles, trauma, grief, illness, life balance, self-care, self-esteem, and much more. For more information, clients may call me to discuss how I can best fit their needs.
(916) 545-7941 View (916) 545-7941
Photo of Kristi Mills, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 95648, CA
Kristi Mills
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Lincoln, CA 95648
Hello! I went into Clinical Social Work after a brief career in marketing and have been licensed and practicing in this field for the past 20 years. I was trained in the Strengths-Based model of social work. I consider my therapeutic approach to be Transpersonal in that I focus on mind, body, and spiritual elements in improving our mental health and wellness. I work with clients to determine their thought patterns and incorporate somatic practice and mindfulness to enhance well-being. I have worked extensively with addictions and helped clients find the approach to habits that will best serve them.
Hello! I went into Clinical Social Work after a brief career in marketing and have been licensed and practicing in this field for the past 20 years. I was trained in the Strengths-Based model of social work. I consider my therapeutic approach to be Transpersonal in that I focus on mind, body, and spiritual elements in improving our mental health and wellness. I work with clients to determine their thought patterns and incorporate somatic practice and mindfulness to enhance well-being. I have worked extensively with addictions and helped clients find the approach to habits that will best serve them.
(916) 713-3033 View (916) 713-3033
Photo of Kristen Ellis, Marriage & Family Therapist in 95648, CA
Kristen Ellis
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Lincoln, CA 95648
My name is Kristen Ellis, and I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT) working with clients statewide via telehealth. I specialize in anxiety, stress, grief, and life changes, using a variety of modalities. I believe everyone can recover and achieve their goals. I have found my style and approach are a good fit for people who are dealing with life transitions and stressful times. These are common human experiences and normalizing them can allow people to have a better outlook on life and the outcomes of therapy.
My name is Kristen Ellis, and I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT) working with clients statewide via telehealth. I specialize in anxiety, stress, grief, and life changes, using a variety of modalities. I believe everyone can recover and achieve their goals. I have found my style and approach are a good fit for people who are dealing with life transitions and stressful times. These are common human experiences and normalizing them can allow people to have a better outlook on life and the outcomes of therapy.
(916) 439-8366 View (916) 439-8366
Photo of William Perry, Marriage & Family Therapist in 95648, CA
William Perry
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Lincoln, CA 95648
My name is William Perry, M.S., and I have been a licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (MFC 31552) for the past 30 years. I have vast knowledge and experience working with individuals, couples, and families throughout the lifespan with specializations in EMDR, Motivational Interviewing, and TFT. I am well versed in working with individuals who have anxiety, depression trauma of all types, phobias such as fear of flying, public speaking, driving, performance, etc. I also have an extensive history of treating those with substance use and other addictive or behavioral challenges.
My name is William Perry, M.S., and I have been a licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (MFC 31552) for the past 30 years. I have vast knowledge and experience working with individuals, couples, and families throughout the lifespan with specializations in EMDR, Motivational Interviewing, and TFT. I am well versed in working with individuals who have anxiety, depression trauma of all types, phobias such as fear of flying, public speaking, driving, performance, etc. I also have an extensive history of treating those with substance use and other addictive or behavioral challenges.
(916) 666-6504 View (916) 666-6504
Photo of Dr. Claudia Mezzera, Marriage & Family Therapist in 95648, CA
Dr. Claudia Mezzera
Marriage & Family Therapist, PhD, LMFT, ATR
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Lincoln, CA 95648  (Online Only)
You're in the midst of transition and need support with anxiety, depression, grief, and the challenges that result from life's unexpected changes, disappointments, and losses. You'd like to become a better friend to yourself and are highly motivated and curious about learning creative skills, techniques, and coping tools to overcome interpersonal obstacles. You are ready for a breakthrough and for healthier relationships in your life. You welcome the idea of becoming your own therapist and best friend. You're ready to start a compassionate journey inward toward clarity, self-acceptance, empowerment, healing, and wholeness.
You're in the midst of transition and need support with anxiety, depression, grief, and the challenges that result from life's unexpected changes, disappointments, and losses. You'd like to become a better friend to yourself and are highly motivated and curious about learning creative skills, techniques, and coping tools to overcome interpersonal obstacles. You are ready for a breakthrough and for healthier relationships in your life. You welcome the idea of becoming your own therapist and best friend. You're ready to start a compassionate journey inward toward clarity, self-acceptance, empowerment, healing, and wholeness.
(916) 587-6434 View (916) 587-6434
Photo of Andria Innerbichler, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 95648, CA
Andria Innerbichler
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Lincoln, CA 95648
My name is Andria Innerbichler, an LSCW who provides psychotherapy for clients who are wanting reach their therapeutic goals. I offer a warm, welcoming, and open environment for you to feel free to address the needs that brought you to therapy. I utilize Systems Theory, Solution Focused, and Cognitive Behavioral therapy modalities. I enjoy helping to strengthen the family unit and utilizing a systems approach, as well as solution-focused therapy, to obtain therapy goals. I hope to reduce overall distress and resolve conflict by improving the interactions in each relationship.
My name is Andria Innerbichler, an LSCW who provides psychotherapy for clients who are wanting reach their therapeutic goals. I offer a warm, welcoming, and open environment for you to feel free to address the needs that brought you to therapy. I utilize Systems Theory, Solution Focused, and Cognitive Behavioral therapy modalities. I enjoy helping to strengthen the family unit and utilizing a systems approach, as well as solution-focused therapy, to obtain therapy goals. I hope to reduce overall distress and resolve conflict by improving the interactions in each relationship.
(916) 623-7466 View (916) 623-7466
Photo of Vernalyn Aglugub, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 95648, CA
Vernalyn Aglugub
Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Verified Verified
Lincoln, CA 95648
Hello. My name is Vernalyn, and I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker. I have had the privilege of working with clients with a wide range of concerns including anxiety, depression, acute stress, life transitions, life stressors, family dynamic issues, coping with newly medical diagnosis, end-of- life, and other various life challenges.
Hello. My name is Vernalyn, and I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker. I have had the privilege of working with clients with a wide range of concerns including anxiety, depression, acute stress, life transitions, life stressors, family dynamic issues, coping with newly medical diagnosis, end-of- life, and other various life challenges.
(279) 205-5156 View (279) 205-5156
Photo of Michael Alen Laidlaw, Marriage & Family Therapist in 95648, CA
Michael Alen Laidlaw
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA
Verified Verified
Lincoln, CA 95648  (Online Only)
I am looking to help those adults wanting Christian Counseling in helping resolve their issues with anxiety and depression. I also seek to help those Christian Couples that are seeking conjoint counseling dealing with marital and family issues. Currently I am only doing telehealth counseling.
I am looking to help those adults wanting Christian Counseling in helping resolve their issues with anxiety and depression. I also seek to help those Christian Couples that are seeking conjoint counseling dealing with marital and family issues. Currently I am only doing telehealth counseling.
(279) 529-5645 View (279) 529-5645
Photo of Betsey Williams, Marriage & Family Therapist in 95648, CA
Betsey Williams
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
Lincoln, CA 95648
Are you a busy professional who is stressed out, anxious or depressed? Are you struggling to juggle work and family responsibilities? Are you challenged by relationships? Are you exhausted and worried you have little energy for yourself? Is your career running your life? Many people get burned out trying to please everyone.
Are you a busy professional who is stressed out, anxious or depressed? Are you struggling to juggle work and family responsibilities? Are you challenged by relationships? Are you exhausted and worried you have little energy for yourself? Is your career running your life? Many people get burned out trying to please everyone.
(916) 548-9919 View (916) 548-9919
Photo of Milagro Arevalo, Marriage & Family Therapist in 95648, CA
Milagro Arevalo
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Lincoln, CA 95648
I'm Milagro Arevalo. I've been a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist since 2013. Therapy is your safe space. It's a place to express yourself without judgment. I focus on wellness and strengths and take a person-centered approach in treatment to help you along your wellness journey. I'm here to work with and support couples and individuals. My current focus is working with couples and adult individuals on various topics such as mild to moderate depression, ADHD, stress/anxiety, marriage/separation/divorce, and relationships with friends/family members.
I'm Milagro Arevalo. I've been a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist since 2013. Therapy is your safe space. It's a place to express yourself without judgment. I focus on wellness and strengths and take a person-centered approach in treatment to help you along your wellness journey. I'm here to work with and support couples and individuals. My current focus is working with couples and adult individuals on various topics such as mild to moderate depression, ADHD, stress/anxiety, marriage/separation/divorce, and relationships with friends/family members.
(916) 269-5623 View (916) 269-5623
Photo of Hanh Tsan-Perez, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 95648, CA
Hanh Tsan-Perez
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Lincoln, CA 95648
Hello, my name is Hanh Perez. I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker who is committed to creating a strong therapeutic alliance with all my clients to supporting them in their journey towards self-discovery, healing, and growth. My approach to therapy is to always stay curious with an open mind and an empathetic heart to connect and relate to your experience. The client I typically work with is adults. I have experience in the realms of depression, anxiety, PTSD, intimate partner violence, and the search for meaning in life.
Hello, my name is Hanh Perez. I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker who is committed to creating a strong therapeutic alliance with all my clients to supporting them in their journey towards self-discovery, healing, and growth. My approach to therapy is to always stay curious with an open mind and an empathetic heart to connect and relate to your experience. The client I typically work with is adults. I have experience in the realms of depression, anxiety, PTSD, intimate partner violence, and the search for meaning in life.
(916) 794-9468 View (916) 794-9468
Photo of Jason Newman, Marriage & Family Therapist in 95648, CA
Jason Newman
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Lincoln, CA 95648
Jason Newman LMFT 100091 Hi I am a mental health provider who is trained in DBT. I specialize in working with adolescents and young adults through transitions, depression, anxiety, or gender identity exploration. I also specialize in LGBT/Queer individuals and provide gender-affirming care. I work on teaching skills from DBT with a mixture of narrative to change how we view things in life. I work primarily with DBT but also you are the driver of this car on this journey. So if you do not like DBT you are the expert and I follow you.
Jason Newman LMFT 100091 Hi I am a mental health provider who is trained in DBT. I specialize in working with adolescents and young adults through transitions, depression, anxiety, or gender identity exploration. I also specialize in LGBT/Queer individuals and provide gender-affirming care. I work on teaching skills from DBT with a mixture of narrative to change how we view things in life. I work primarily with DBT but also you are the driver of this car on this journey. So if you do not like DBT you are the expert and I follow you.
(916) 659-6241 View (916) 659-6241
Photo of Anna McNerney, Marriage & Family Therapist in 95648, CA
Anna McNerney
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Lincoln, CA 95648
Therapy is often a place we go to when we desire a change. Whether that be a change within ourselves, a relationship, a life stressor, or a family, change is difficult and, more often than not, uncomfortable.
Therapy is often a place we go to when we desire a change. Whether that be a change within ourselves, a relationship, a life stressor, or a family, change is difficult and, more often than not, uncomfortable.
(916) 623-1186 View (916) 623-1186
Photo of Lynne Bradshaw, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in 95648, CA
Lynne Bradshaw
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, AMFT
Verified Verified
Lincoln, CA 95648
Have you “tried everything” including talk therapy and it’s “helped a little.” Do you feel like you’re stuck in a pattern you can’t seem to change on your own? Is a transformation too much to ask for? It’s not! I’ve seen it happen many times! You need someone to help you map out a plan to a better life and not just give you breathing techniques! Are you willing to try brainspotting therapy? It evolved from EMDR and it’s often a game changer. I’m a certified Brainspotting trauma therapist that often combines cognitive behavioral therapy, internal family systems and solution focused therapy with brainspotting principles.
Have you “tried everything” including talk therapy and it’s “helped a little.” Do you feel like you’re stuck in a pattern you can’t seem to change on your own? Is a transformation too much to ask for? It’s not! I’ve seen it happen many times! You need someone to help you map out a plan to a better life and not just give you breathing techniques! Are you willing to try brainspotting therapy? It evolved from EMDR and it’s often a game changer. I’m a certified Brainspotting trauma therapist that often combines cognitive behavioral therapy, internal family systems and solution focused therapy with brainspotting principles.
(279) 205-6721 View (279) 205-6721
Photo of Dr. Sotiria Vamvouris, Psychologist in 95648, CA
Dr. Sotiria Vamvouris
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Lincoln, CA 95648  (Online Only)
Learn how to have more healthy thinking, improve your relationships, manage struggles like anxiety and depression, and feel more connected to yourself. I’m a licensed psychologist who specializes in working with adults who struggle with anxiety, stress, and self-esteem issues. I'm passionate about helping others see their worth and find fulfillment while managing mental health struggles, life challenges, and stressors. Whatever your needs and goals are, my role is to guide and support you toward your most authentic and satisfying life while addressing and getting to the root of any negative beliefs or experiences holding you back.
Learn how to have more healthy thinking, improve your relationships, manage struggles like anxiety and depression, and feel more connected to yourself. I’m a licensed psychologist who specializes in working with adults who struggle with anxiety, stress, and self-esteem issues. I'm passionate about helping others see their worth and find fulfillment while managing mental health struggles, life challenges, and stressors. Whatever your needs and goals are, my role is to guide and support you toward your most authentic and satisfying life while addressing and getting to the root of any negative beliefs or experiences holding you back.
(279) 800-3405 View (279) 800-3405
Photo of Lorna Laidlaw, Marriage & Family Therapist in 95648, CA
Lorna Laidlaw
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA,, LMFT
Verified Verified
Lincoln, CA 95648  (Online Only)
I am a licensed Marriage & Family Therapist, with 30 years of experience. I have extensive experience working with individuals and couples with a trauma history, as well as working with those with Christian values. I also help couples with tools and their communication issues, conflict resolution, and issues dealings with anxiety and depression. I can give you tools to improve your communication, repair your relationship, while supporting your Christion values. I would love to meet you so you may determine if we are a good fit.
I am a licensed Marriage & Family Therapist, with 30 years of experience. I have extensive experience working with individuals and couples with a trauma history, as well as working with those with Christian values. I also help couples with tools and their communication issues, conflict resolution, and issues dealings with anxiety and depression. I can give you tools to improve your communication, repair your relationship, while supporting your Christion values. I would love to meet you so you may determine if we are a good fit.
(916) 596-2583 View (916) 596-2583
Photo of Elysse Endter, Marriage & Family Therapist in 95648, CA
Elysse Endter
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Lincoln, CA 95648  (Online Only)
I'm so glad you're here. My clients describe me as someone who will support you in those difficult moments with sincere empathy and compassion. I am a therapist who focuses on hope and acceptance. My style is integrative and collaborative. I focus on attachment and family dynamics to provide understanding and make connections. Together, we will identify and make progress toward your goals. Whether you are navigating feelings of shame around sex, untangling the complicated web of grief, or putting the pieces back together after a traumatic event, the space is there.
I'm so glad you're here. My clients describe me as someone who will support you in those difficult moments with sincere empathy and compassion. I am a therapist who focuses on hope and acceptance. My style is integrative and collaborative. I focus on attachment and family dynamics to provide understanding and make connections. Together, we will identify and make progress toward your goals. Whether you are navigating feelings of shame around sex, untangling the complicated web of grief, or putting the pieces back together after a traumatic event, the space is there.
(916) 915-9236 View (916) 915-9236
Photo of Robyn Sevigny, Marriage & Family Therapist in 95648, CA
Robyn Sevigny
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Lincoln, CA 95648  (Online Only)
Struggling to navigate life's challenges? You're not alone. Whether you're a teen grappling with the pressures of growing up or an adult facing the aftermath of difficult experiences, I'm here to help you reclaim control and find fulfillment. The weight of adversity and trauma can manifest in various ways – from crippling anxiety and persistent sadness to strained relationships and shattered self-esteem. Know that these symptoms don't define you; they reflect the battles you've bravely faced. Let's create a safe space to rewrite your story and embrace self-compassion, paving the path to your authentic life.
Struggling to navigate life's challenges? You're not alone. Whether you're a teen grappling with the pressures of growing up or an adult facing the aftermath of difficult experiences, I'm here to help you reclaim control and find fulfillment. The weight of adversity and trauma can manifest in various ways – from crippling anxiety and persistent sadness to strained relationships and shattered self-esteem. Know that these symptoms don't define you; they reflect the battles you've bravely faced. Let's create a safe space to rewrite your story and embrace self-compassion, paving the path to your authentic life.
(530) 457-4187 View (530) 457-4187
Photo of Allogan Hess, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in 95648, CA
Allogan Hess
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MA, AMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Lincoln, CA 95648  (Online Only)
My approach to working with clients is rooted in developing a rapport that will evolve throughout the therapeutic journey. I am passionate about mental health, but also approach treatment from a whole body perspective, where we can not only treat mental health, but spiritual and emotional health as well. I encourage my clients to reach beyond their comfort zone and restructure their approach to their life that fosters balance and happiness in their personal and professional lives.
My approach to working with clients is rooted in developing a rapport that will evolve throughout the therapeutic journey. I am passionate about mental health, but also approach treatment from a whole body perspective, where we can not only treat mental health, but spiritual and emotional health as well. I encourage my clients to reach beyond their comfort zone and restructure their approach to their life that fosters balance and happiness in their personal and professional lives.
(530) 250-4078 View (530) 250-4078
Photo of Kai Ku, Marriage & Family Therapist in 95648, CA
Kai Ku
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Lincoln, CA 95648
I am a Taiwanese American immigrant in my 30s, an introvert, and INTJ. I am a licensed Marriage and Family Therapist and have been working in the mental health field since 2014. The things that matter to me are untangling early childhood experiences, strengthening relationships, and helping my clients learn new ways to cope with stressors. I work best with clients who care deeply about their relationships and wish to address feelings of loneliness, guilt, or issues of being burnt out in their careers and daily lives.
I am a Taiwanese American immigrant in my 30s, an introvert, and INTJ. I am a licensed Marriage and Family Therapist and have been working in the mental health field since 2014. The things that matter to me are untangling early childhood experiences, strengthening relationships, and helping my clients learn new ways to cope with stressors. I work best with clients who care deeply about their relationships and wish to address feelings of loneliness, guilt, or issues of being burnt out in their careers and daily lives.
(916) 623-1289 View (916) 623-1289

See more therapy options for 95648

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 95648

80+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in 95648 who prioritize treating:

97% Anxiety
91% Depression
73% Relationship Issues
73% Self Esteem
69% Stress
67% Trauma and PTSD
66% Grief

Average years in practice

15 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

82% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
80% Aetna
75% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in 95648 see their clients

82% In Person and Online
18% Online Only

Gender breakdown

76% Female
24% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 95648?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.