Photo of Rosemary Healy, PsyD, Psychologist
Rosemary Healy
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Petaluma, CA 94954
Therapy is about personal growth and positive change. It is a path traveled together where you will discover more about who you are and what you are capable of being and achieving. As your therapist, I will provide you with a warm, safe, and trusting relationship. I approach my work with kindness, compassion, curiosity, humility, humor, and a deep appreciation for our ability to heal ourselves. I will help you gain greater self-understanding and provide you with the tools you need to create lasting change.
Therapy is about personal growth and positive change. It is a path traveled together where you will discover more about who you are and what you are capable of being and achieving. As your therapist, I will provide you with a warm, safe, and trusting relationship. I approach my work with kindness, compassion, curiosity, humility, humor, and a deep appreciation for our ability to heal ourselves. I will help you gain greater self-understanding and provide you with the tools you need to create lasting change.
(707) 790-7886 View (707) 790-7886
Photo of Alina Tsvet King, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Alina Tsvet King
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Petaluma, CA 94954  (Online Only)
Hello, I am Alina King, and I am a trilingual mental health therapist with specialties in dual diagnosis, chemical dependency, codependency, parenting, relationships and communication. Being an immigrant myself, I also have personal understanding of immigrants challenges.
Hello, I am Alina King, and I am a trilingual mental health therapist with specialties in dual diagnosis, chemical dependency, codependency, parenting, relationships and communication. Being an immigrant myself, I also have personal understanding of immigrants challenges.
(707) 896-8638 View (707) 896-8638
Photo of Patricia (Pat) T Hromalik, MS, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Patricia (Pat) T Hromalik
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Petaluma, CA 94954
Are you having struggles in your relationships? Or having trouble coping with stress or changes in your life? Perhaps you have suffered a loss or are struggling to come to terms with a past trauma? I have many years of work and life experience that inform my counseling work, especially in helping people manage conflict, deal with stress effectively, manage life transitions, and work on relationships. I understand the challenges of relationships, family dynamics, parenting, career and job issues, grief and loss, illness, divorce, abuse, trauma, suicide, depression and anxiety and self-esteem.
Are you having struggles in your relationships? Or having trouble coping with stress or changes in your life? Perhaps you have suffered a loss or are struggling to come to terms with a past trauma? I have many years of work and life experience that inform my counseling work, especially in helping people manage conflict, deal with stress effectively, manage life transitions, and work on relationships. I understand the challenges of relationships, family dynamics, parenting, career and job issues, grief and loss, illness, divorce, abuse, trauma, suicide, depression and anxiety and self-esteem.
(707) 892-0774 View (707) 892-0774
Photo of Nancy Adams Langley, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Nancy Adams Langley
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Petaluma, CA 94954
If you have made it to this website, you are already on your way to resolving your conflict. My primary work is with adults and couples struggling with relationship and career issues. I also specialize in mood disorders (anxiety and depression), loss and grief and in decision making. I focus on helping individuals and couples to bring awareness (mindfulness) to their feelings, bodies, moods and dreams to access their insight. From this insight, behavioral change can be explored and implemented. I provide both short and long term treatment. My style is interactive and I sometimes suggest behavioral homework.
If you have made it to this website, you are already on your way to resolving your conflict. My primary work is with adults and couples struggling with relationship and career issues. I also specialize in mood disorders (anxiety and depression), loss and grief and in decision making. I focus on helping individuals and couples to bring awareness (mindfulness) to their feelings, bodies, moods and dreams to access their insight. From this insight, behavioral change can be explored and implemented. I provide both short and long term treatment. My style is interactive and I sometimes suggest behavioral homework.
(650) 209-7975 View (650) 209-7975
Photo of Kate Pooley, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Kate Pooley
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Petaluma, CA 94954
Not accepting new clients
Like many people, you may be feeling sad, anxious or alone. These feelings can be overwhelming. You may be struggling with self-esteem, relationship challenges, or a general lack of fulfillment. You want to feel better, but where do you start?
Like many people, you may be feeling sad, anxious or alone. These feelings can be overwhelming. You may be struggling with self-esteem, relationship challenges, or a general lack of fulfillment. You want to feel better, but where do you start?
(707) 940-3262 View (707) 940-3262
Photo of Bano Ann Cummings, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Bano Ann Cummings
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Petaluma, CA 94954
Many of us experience enough stressful events in our family, personal, and work lives that we can easily get lost in how best to understand them, feel about them, and respond to them. Clients who are wanting to feel better by thinking more clearly, finding a more positive focus, and noticing a change in how they think about the stressors in their lives find they, then, can feel calmer, and breathe easily. And clients who want to experience their personal and work relationships improve and become more cooperative are the ones who notice how more resilient they can become .
Many of us experience enough stressful events in our family, personal, and work lives that we can easily get lost in how best to understand them, feel about them, and respond to them. Clients who are wanting to feel better by thinking more clearly, finding a more positive focus, and noticing a change in how they think about the stressors in their lives find they, then, can feel calmer, and breathe easily. And clients who want to experience their personal and work relationships improve and become more cooperative are the ones who notice how more resilient they can become .
(707) 684-3931 View (707) 684-3931
Photo of undefined - Ann Clark, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Ann Clark
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Petaluma, CA 94954
Our family-of-origin experiences teach us how to be with others when we are adolescents and adults. As we grow, we develop our coping and communication styles. However, later we may find that some of those early strategies no longer serve us, or that we were misguided, or we find that our choices backfired - which can make navigating the world at times scary and overwhelming. Whether you survived a childhood or other trauma, or were thrown off balance when life took you in unexpected, painful directions, it can be useful to examine your current coping skills and relationships, and determine whether any of your tools need updating.
Our family-of-origin experiences teach us how to be with others when we are adolescents and adults. As we grow, we develop our coping and communication styles. However, later we may find that some of those early strategies no longer serve us, or that we were misguided, or we find that our choices backfired - which can make navigating the world at times scary and overwhelming. Whether you survived a childhood or other trauma, or were thrown off balance when life took you in unexpected, painful directions, it can be useful to examine your current coping skills and relationships, and determine whether any of your tools need updating.
(707) 210-0527 View (707) 210-0527
Photo of Giulietta Madrigal-Pingol, MA, MFT, CST, Marriage & Family Therapist
Giulietta Madrigal-Pingol
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, MFT, CST
Verified Verified
Petaluma, CA 94954  (Online Only)
Do you miss your partner and the relationship that you used to have? Do you wish that you could feel more sexually connected? It might feel like, over the years, you have lost your passion and that intimate, sensual spark that first brought you together. The loss of connection may have stemmed from past breakdowns in communication, painful experiences such as infertility, addictions, or grief, or struggles with body image or shame around sexuality. When you try to talk about sex or your relationship, it may feel like you are just going around in circles and you don’t know how to get back to that closeness that you used to share.
Do you miss your partner and the relationship that you used to have? Do you wish that you could feel more sexually connected? It might feel like, over the years, you have lost your passion and that intimate, sensual spark that first brought you together. The loss of connection may have stemmed from past breakdowns in communication, painful experiences such as infertility, addictions, or grief, or struggles with body image or shame around sexuality. When you try to talk about sex or your relationship, it may feel like you are just going around in circles and you don’t know how to get back to that closeness that you used to share.
(707) 659-3594 View (707) 659-3594
Photo of Barbara A. Turner, PhD, LMFT, STR-CT, RPT-S, Marriage & Family Therapist
Barbara A. Turner
Marriage & Family Therapist, PhD, LMFT, STR-CT, RPT-S
Verified Verified
Petaluma, CA 94954
I have worked with adults and children for over 30 years. My work bridges a broad spectrum of life issues with the belief that we each carry a unique inner authority that directs us to develop according to our own truth. My work has a Jungian orientation. In addition to verbal therapy with adults we may incorporate dream work, art, Sandplay or EMDR as a means of self-exploration. With children I use play therapy and Sandplay. Some of the issues I work with include anxiety, depression, grief, parenting, trauma, sexual abuse, child adjustment, post pandemic modifications, gender orientation, etc. www.BarbaraTurnerTherapy.com
I have worked with adults and children for over 30 years. My work bridges a broad spectrum of life issues with the belief that we each carry a unique inner authority that directs us to develop according to our own truth. My work has a Jungian orientation. In addition to verbal therapy with adults we may incorporate dream work, art, Sandplay or EMDR as a means of self-exploration. With children I use play therapy and Sandplay. Some of the issues I work with include anxiety, depression, grief, parenting, trauma, sexual abuse, child adjustment, post pandemic modifications, gender orientation, etc. www.BarbaraTurnerTherapy.com
(707) 414-8293 View (707) 414-8293
Photo of Gabriela Henry, MSW, ACSW
Gabriela Henry
Associate Clinical Social Worker, MSW, ACSW
Verified Verified
Petaluma, CA 94954
As an associate clinical social worker, therapist, and wellness coach I am rooted in a deeply relational lens and my approach is warm, collaborative, and strengths based. Working within a feminist and anti-oppressive framework, I am attentive to the overlapping and intersecting identities that shape each individuals experiences and am committed to providing culturally responsive care.
As an associate clinical social worker, therapist, and wellness coach I am rooted in a deeply relational lens and my approach is warm, collaborative, and strengths based. Working within a feminist and anti-oppressive framework, I am attentive to the overlapping and intersecting identities that shape each individuals experiences and am committed to providing culturally responsive care.
(707) 940-1268 View (707) 940-1268
Willa Wellness Center
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Petaluma, CA 94954
At Willa Wellness Center, our mission is to provide the highest quality care for eating disorders in a compassionate environment, allowing women to find their own unique path toward lasting recovery. Willa Wellness Center was created in response to the desperate need for eating disorder treatment options, specifically in the North Bay. We focus on individualized care to restore the entire person: physically, mentally, emotionally & spiritually. Our team of eating disorder physicians, therapists & dietitians are passionate about providing a welcoming environment as our clients break away from disordered eating behaviors and move toward living a life of joy, purpose & peace. We offer 2 levels of care, PHP and IOP, and treat all forms of disordered eating.
At Willa Wellness Center, our mission is to provide the highest quality care for eating disorders in a compassionate environment, allowing women to find their own unique path toward lasting recovery. Willa Wellness Center was created in response to the desperate need for eating disorder treatment options, specifically in the North Bay. We focus on individualized care to restore the entire person: physically, mentally, emotionally & spiritually. Our team of eating disorder physicians, therapists & dietitians are passionate about providing a welcoming environment as our clients break away from disordered eating behaviors and move toward living a life of joy, purpose & peace. We offer 2 levels of care, PHP and IOP, and treat all forms of disordered eating.
(707) 728-8543 View (707) 728-8543
Photo of Vicki Rogers, Marriage & Family Therapist Intern
Vicki Rogers
Marriage & Family Therapist Intern
Verified Verified
Petaluma, CA 94954
Hello there! I am a Marriage & Family Therapist training under the clinical supervision of Melinda Haynes, MA, LMFT-S 102308. I believe sometimes we all need help navigating life when things get overwhelming. And that we also need someone to remind us to show ourselves the same compassion, understanding, and care that we would show a friend. Whether your challenges are with a relationship, a life transition, the loss of a loved one, parenting, or supporting an individual with special needs or intellectual disability, I’d like to help.
Hello there! I am a Marriage & Family Therapist training under the clinical supervision of Melinda Haynes, MA, LMFT-S 102308. I believe sometimes we all need help navigating life when things get overwhelming. And that we also need someone to remind us to show ourselves the same compassion, understanding, and care that we would show a friend. Whether your challenges are with a relationship, a life transition, the loss of a loved one, parenting, or supporting an individual with special needs or intellectual disability, I’d like to help.
(707) 632-2138 View (707) 632-2138
Photo of Linda Dunwoodie, MA, MFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Linda Dunwoodie
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, MFT
Verified Verified
Petaluma, CA 94954
It can take time, effort and courage to call and arrive at a therapist's office. There is the apprehension of what this experience will be like, especially if it is your first time, or perhaps if you are trying again after a previous unsatisfactory experience. After you make the call, and once you begin, there is hope. And that alone is enough to sustain you while you work toward self-understanding and/or improved communication with your mate or children. The investment is worthwhile. The relief can be profound.
It can take time, effort and courage to call and arrive at a therapist's office. There is the apprehension of what this experience will be like, especially if it is your first time, or perhaps if you are trying again after a previous unsatisfactory experience. After you make the call, and once you begin, there is hope. And that alone is enough to sustain you while you work toward self-understanding and/or improved communication with your mate or children. The investment is worthwhile. The relief can be profound.
(707) 549-6616 View (707) 549-6616
Photo of Gary Buck, PhD, Psychol, Psychologist
Gary Buck
Psychologist, PhD, Psychol
Verified Verified
Petaluma, CA 94954
I am a licensed psychologist. I see both children and adults in my private practice. My work with children and adults utilizes our human ability to express ourselves through imagery in art, play, imagination, and dreams in ways that catalyzes healing and inner transformation. With children my work includes collateral sessions with their parents. With adults I also draw on my many years of spiritual practice, using such techniques as mindfulness and Yoga Nidra with my clients.
I am a licensed psychologist. I see both children and adults in my private practice. My work with children and adults utilizes our human ability to express ourselves through imagery in art, play, imagination, and dreams in ways that catalyzes healing and inner transformation. With children my work includes collateral sessions with their parents. With adults I also draw on my many years of spiritual practice, using such techniques as mindfulness and Yoga Nidra with my clients.
(707) 879-8948 View (707) 879-8948
Photo of undefined - Dr. MacLeamy & Associates Psychological Assessment, PsyD, Psychologist
Dr. MacLeamy & Associates Psychological Assessment
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Petaluma, CA 94954
We have a passion for providing comprehensive assessment for children, teens and adults when there are questions about a possible Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD incl. Asperger's), Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), thinking, problem solving or learning challenges, or behavioral difficulties. We are pleased to provide consultative services for individuals or families who are looking for support, direction and advice in these areas. If you find that you have questions about you or your child's development or performance in social, work or educational pursuits, please contact us for a complimentary consultation.
We have a passion for providing comprehensive assessment for children, teens and adults when there are questions about a possible Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD incl. Asperger's), Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), thinking, problem solving or learning challenges, or behavioral difficulties. We are pleased to provide consultative services for individuals or families who are looking for support, direction and advice in these areas. If you find that you have questions about you or your child's development or performance in social, work or educational pursuits, please contact us for a complimentary consultation.
(707) 240-4474 View (707) 240-4474
Photo of Judith 'J' Barlas, MFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Judith 'J' Barlas
Marriage & Family Therapist, MFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Petaluma, CA 94954  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
Therapy is not the mystery it once was. Blending SCIENCE with COMPASSION, EMPATHY, SKILL, HUMOR, WARMTH, INTUITION, AND CONFIDENCE I will help you create the future you want and changes that last. How does change occur? How do I find the right therapist? These are both questions one asks whether embarking on this journey for the first time, or re-entering therapy for deeper connection. Therapy is also an art. Drawing from the palette of NEUROSCIENCE, THEORY, LIFE EXPERIENCE, TEACHING, PASSION, INTUITION, and SKILL, I will help you effect real change. Learn more by clicking "WEBSITE", above or go to www.jbarlastherapy.com
Therapy is not the mystery it once was. Blending SCIENCE with COMPASSION, EMPATHY, SKILL, HUMOR, WARMTH, INTUITION, AND CONFIDENCE I will help you create the future you want and changes that last. How does change occur? How do I find the right therapist? These are both questions one asks whether embarking on this journey for the first time, or re-entering therapy for deeper connection. Therapy is also an art. Drawing from the palette of NEUROSCIENCE, THEORY, LIFE EXPERIENCE, TEACHING, PASSION, INTUITION, and SKILL, I will help you effect real change. Learn more by clicking "WEBSITE", above or go to www.jbarlastherapy.com
(707) 820-7944 View (707) 820-7944
Photo of Marty Schwebel, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Marty Schwebel
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
8 Endorsed
Petaluma, CA 94954
The road to inner freedom begins with the decision to not walk alone. Inviting the right support helps you gain insights to reach your goals and destiny. You may be dealing with past trauma, depression, anxiety, or low self-esteem, or looking to find a life-partner, preparing for marriage, or seeking to enrich existing relationships. Whatever your path, I invite you to reach out and let me walk with you. Meet me at my office, or from the comfort of your home via video counseling.
The road to inner freedom begins with the decision to not walk alone. Inviting the right support helps you gain insights to reach your goals and destiny. You may be dealing with past trauma, depression, anxiety, or low self-esteem, or looking to find a life-partner, preparing for marriage, or seeking to enrich existing relationships. Whatever your path, I invite you to reach out and let me walk with you. Meet me at my office, or from the comfort of your home via video counseling.
(707) 832-4954 View (707) 832-4954
Petaluma Learning & Guidance Center
Marriage & Family Therapist, MFT
Verified Verified
Petaluma, CA 94954
Practicing for 33 years, working extensively with Families, Parents, Couples and Children/Teenagers.
Practicing for 33 years, working extensively with Families, Parents, Couples and Children/Teenagers.
(707) 229-0189 View (707) 229-0189
Photo of Kaitlin Soule, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Kaitlin Soule
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Petaluma, CA 94954
I'm a Therapist, Mom, Author, and Mental Health Media Contributor who is highly specialized in treating Anxiety Disorders and Women's Issues. My practice, Bay Area Modern Therapy, specializes in working with mothers, parents, and teens who want to get back into the driver’s seat of their life and find more freedom and joy through healing, growth and change work. In our work we use the lens of (modern) Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, EMDR, and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy.
I'm a Therapist, Mom, Author, and Mental Health Media Contributor who is highly specialized in treating Anxiety Disorders and Women's Issues. My practice, Bay Area Modern Therapy, specializes in working with mothers, parents, and teens who want to get back into the driver’s seat of their life and find more freedom and joy through healing, growth and change work. In our work we use the lens of (modern) Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, EMDR, and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy.
(707) 306-8043 View (707) 306-8043
Photo of Kimberly Jordan, MA, MFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Kimberly Jordan
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, MFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Petaluma, CA 94954  (Online Only)
Are you struggling with a transition, experiencing the loss of a loved one or a relationship, or perhaps have lost touch with your own sense of joy and vibrancy? Therapy can help to bring you to a new place of understanding, perspective, inspiration and purpose. I am passionate about supporting individuals to create and live authentic, heart-centered lives. I am a holistically oriented therapist which means I believe in the connection of body, mind, and spirit and emotions. I enjoy helping clients uncover and heal what ever may be holding them back from living the life they desire.
Are you struggling with a transition, experiencing the loss of a loved one or a relationship, or perhaps have lost touch with your own sense of joy and vibrancy? Therapy can help to bring you to a new place of understanding, perspective, inspiration and purpose. I am passionate about supporting individuals to create and live authentic, heart-centered lives. I am a holistically oriented therapist which means I believe in the connection of body, mind, and spirit and emotions. I enjoy helping clients uncover and heal what ever may be holding them back from living the life they desire.
(628) 333-3251 View (628) 333-3251

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 94954

100+

Average cost per session

$170

Therapists in 94954 who prioritize treating:

90% Anxiety
85% Depression
75% Relationship Issues
75% Self Esteem
67% Coping Skills
65% Stress
62% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

15 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

57% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
57% Optum
53% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in 94954 see their clients

81% In Person and Online
19% Online Only

Gender breakdown

83% Female
16% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 94954?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.