Therapists in 94609

Photo of Erika Liu-Culpin, Marriage & Family Therapist in 94609, CA
Erika Liu-Culpin
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
5 Endorsed
Oakland, CA 94609  (Online Only)
I conduct therapy through the lens of a Humanistic Approach & am client-centered based. In session you can expect to be challenged, empowered & learn about yourself as well as the relationships in your life. I will help you identify the ways in which you are living on autopilot & will allow you to explore negative patterns you may be stuck living in. I will hold you accountable to track unhealthy behaviors, set clear boundaries, help break generational trauma & find what coping strategies work for you. My goal is to bring authenticity, support & non-judgment while helping you find the strength to navigate through life challenges.
I conduct therapy through the lens of a Humanistic Approach & am client-centered based. In session you can expect to be challenged, empowered & learn about yourself as well as the relationships in your life. I will help you identify the ways in which you are living on autopilot & will allow you to explore negative patterns you may be stuck living in. I will hold you accountable to track unhealthy behaviors, set clear boundaries, help break generational trauma & find what coping strategies work for you. My goal is to bring authenticity, support & non-judgment while helping you find the strength to navigate through life challenges.
(650) 337-3017 View (650) 337-3017
Photo of Dr. Lauren Szyper, Psychologist in 94609, CA
Dr. Lauren Szyper
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
Oakland, CA 94609
The world can be overwhelming, especially if you are part of a minority group, that leads us to put a lot of pressure on ourselves. Do you desire meaningful relationships, success in school or your career, and feel your best physically and emotionally? Many do, however, discrimination, insecurity, fear of abandonment, imposter syndrome, and not feeling good enough can make attaining this sometimes feel impossible. This is where I can help. For over 20 years I have assisted my clients in stepping outside of their circumstances and gain a better vantage point to understand and create meaningful change in life.
The world can be overwhelming, especially if you are part of a minority group, that leads us to put a lot of pressure on ourselves. Do you desire meaningful relationships, success in school or your career, and feel your best physically and emotionally? Many do, however, discrimination, insecurity, fear of abandonment, imposter syndrome, and not feeling good enough can make attaining this sometimes feel impossible. This is where I can help. For over 20 years I have assisted my clients in stepping outside of their circumstances and gain a better vantage point to understand and create meaningful change in life.
(510) 851-9938 View (510) 851-9938
Photo of Alexis Lyon, Marriage & Family Therapist in 94609, CA
Alexis Lyon
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
2 Endorsed
Oakland, CA 94609
I love discovering the emerging potential of my clients, and supporting their unique personal development and evolution. I'm experienced working with highly sensitive individuals, and those who self-identify as having a history of trauma. Adults who are self-motivated, and those who have or desire a mind-body-spirit practice, are a good fit for the support I provide. I adapt to the needs of children and adults alike. I believe therapy can be a powerful tool to unlock our greater creativity and feelings of interconnectivity and trust, so that my clients can thrive in the web of life.
I love discovering the emerging potential of my clients, and supporting their unique personal development and evolution. I'm experienced working with highly sensitive individuals, and those who self-identify as having a history of trauma. Adults who are self-motivated, and those who have or desire a mind-body-spirit practice, are a good fit for the support I provide. I adapt to the needs of children and adults alike. I believe therapy can be a powerful tool to unlock our greater creativity and feelings of interconnectivity and trust, so that my clients can thrive in the web of life.
(510) 880-4194 View (510) 880-4194
Photo of Christine Rivlin, Counselor in 94609, CA
Christine Rivlin
Counselor, APCC
Verified
Oakland, CA 94609
I work primarily with adults who are wanting to manage symptoms associated with depression, anxiety, and trauma. I will be with you on your path to discovery, recovery, and finding the person you would like to become. I approach therapy with a client-centered approach in order to create a safe, comfortable space for you to share and express yourself, and your vulnerabilities. We will explore healthy ways to process your trauma, regulate difficult emotions, and restore broken relationships. I believe the trust built between Client and Therapist is powerful, and necessary in order to help you through your healing journey.
I work primarily with adults who are wanting to manage symptoms associated with depression, anxiety, and trauma. I will be with you on your path to discovery, recovery, and finding the person you would like to become. I approach therapy with a client-centered approach in order to create a safe, comfortable space for you to share and express yourself, and your vulnerabilities. We will explore healthy ways to process your trauma, regulate difficult emotions, and restore broken relationships. I believe the trust built between Client and Therapist is powerful, and necessary in order to help you through your healing journey.
(415) 326-9859 View (415) 326-9859
Photo of Charis Khoury, Marriage & Family Therapist in 94609, CA
Charis Khoury
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified
5 Endorsed
Oakland, CA 94609
Therapy provides a special opportunity to slow down and focus on what's most important to you, with skillful guidance and support. I create a nonjudgmental environment for you to explore the difficulties, heartaches, old wounds, stuck places, or joys and celebrations of your life. This process involves listening to the wisdom of your body and emotions as well as your mind. Collaborating with you, I will support you to develop a more intimate relationship with yourself and your many facets, to expand your capacity to satisfyingly connect with others, and to illuminate and transform what blocks you from living your best life.
Therapy provides a special opportunity to slow down and focus on what's most important to you, with skillful guidance and support. I create a nonjudgmental environment for you to explore the difficulties, heartaches, old wounds, stuck places, or joys and celebrations of your life. This process involves listening to the wisdom of your body and emotions as well as your mind. Collaborating with you, I will support you to develop a more intimate relationship with yourself and your many facets, to expand your capacity to satisfyingly connect with others, and to illuminate and transform what blocks you from living your best life.
(415) 697-3212 View (415) 697-3212
Photo of Hannah Berstein, Marriage & Family Therapist in 94609, CA
Hannah Berstein
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, EMDR
Verified
Oakland, CA 94609
Are you struggling with anxiety and trauma and turning towards unhealthy coping mechanisms in an attempt to manage your emotions? Now is a trying time for almost everyone, and if you have a trauma background what's coming up in the current environment may be reminiscent of the stress, isolation, and fear induced by early childhood experiences. You don't have to handle this alone, and with clinically tested techniques to regulate the mind and body, it's possible to shift from a place of disempowerment to strength.
Are you struggling with anxiety and trauma and turning towards unhealthy coping mechanisms in an attempt to manage your emotions? Now is a trying time for almost everyone, and if you have a trauma background what's coming up in the current environment may be reminiscent of the stress, isolation, and fear induced by early childhood experiences. You don't have to handle this alone, and with clinically tested techniques to regulate the mind and body, it's possible to shift from a place of disempowerment to strength.
(415) 329-8420 View (415) 329-8420
Photo of Xuel Sun, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in 94609, CA
Xuel Sun
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MA, AMFT
Verified
Oakland, CA 94609
You feel stuck in your relationships. Feeling stuck with too many things you are navigating . You are out of touch with your needs and desires or how to communicate them effectively. You hate the fighting but don't know how to slow down. That's why I'm here to help. I support you build inner resources so that you can be unfazed by judgements and challenges, centered in your self-love and clarity, have ease in giving and receiving, communicating and decision-making. I am especially skilled in helping multicultural, marginalized identities, neurodivergent, poly/CNM couples with communication, trauma and intimacy.
You feel stuck in your relationships. Feeling stuck with too many things you are navigating . You are out of touch with your needs and desires or how to communicate them effectively. You hate the fighting but don't know how to slow down. That's why I'm here to help. I support you build inner resources so that you can be unfazed by judgements and challenges, centered in your self-love and clarity, have ease in giving and receiving, communicating and decision-making. I am especially skilled in helping multicultural, marginalized identities, neurodivergent, poly/CNM couples with communication, trauma and intimacy.
(341) 888-6560 View (341) 888-6560
Photo of Adrian Q Quintero, Marriage & Family Therapist in 94609, CA
Adrian Q Quintero
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
Oakland, CA 94609
I offer a warm, affirming, and non-judgmental space for children and teens' exploration of LGBTQI+ identites, struggles with anxiety, and support with grief and loss.
I offer a warm, affirming, and non-judgmental space for children and teens' exploration of LGBTQI+ identites, struggles with anxiety, and support with grief and loss.
(510) 405-7409 View (510) 405-7409
Photo of Quetzal Francois, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in 94609, CA
Quetzal Francois
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MA, AMFT
Verified
Oakland, CA 94609
I believe that inside each of our struggles there is a choice and it's from this place that we can reconnect to and reclaim our inherent wisdom and power. My intention in our work together is to help shed light on the path to help guide you home to yourself
I believe that inside each of our struggles there is a choice and it's from this place that we can reconnect to and reclaim our inherent wisdom and power. My intention in our work together is to help shed light on the path to help guide you home to yourself
(341) 444-2078 View (341) 444-2078
Photo of Nat Torrens, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 94609, CA
Nat Torrens
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Oakland, CA 94609
“I dwell in possibility.” – Emily Dickinson The possibility that you can feel better. The possibility that you can grow stronger. The possibility that you can harness your strengths in the service of your visions. The possibility that you can learn and change and become more self-aware, and that that can make a tremendous difference in your quality of life. Therapy can help. Sitting in a room and talking and thinking and feeling with someone with kind, focused attention on what’s troubling you, can help things shift, and can help you come to know yourself better. This is true for couples as well.
“I dwell in possibility.” – Emily Dickinson The possibility that you can feel better. The possibility that you can grow stronger. The possibility that you can harness your strengths in the service of your visions. The possibility that you can learn and change and become more self-aware, and that that can make a tremendous difference in your quality of life. Therapy can help. Sitting in a room and talking and thinking and feeling with someone with kind, focused attention on what’s troubling you, can help things shift, and can help you come to know yourself better. This is true for couples as well.
(510) 907-4051 View (510) 907-4051
Photo of Andrew Damian, Psychologist in 94609, CA
Andrew Damian
Psychologist, PsyD, BCN
Verified
Oakland, CA 94609
I am a licensed psychologist with expertise in neurofeedback, neuropsychology, chronic pain treatment, individual psychotherapy, meditation, and qEEG brain mapping. I am board certified in neurofeedback and I use cutting-edge techniques to determine the best treatment and to improve outcomes.
I am a licensed psychologist with expertise in neurofeedback, neuropsychology, chronic pain treatment, individual psychotherapy, meditation, and qEEG brain mapping. I am board certified in neurofeedback and I use cutting-edge techniques to determine the best treatment and to improve outcomes.
(628) 265-6274 View (628) 265-6274
Photo of Sheela Vashishtha, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 94609, CA
Sheela Vashishtha
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Oakland, CA 94609  (Online Only)
Hello and welcome. I am a licensed clinical social worker with 10+ years of experience supporting adults and adolescents with their healing journey. I specialize in supporting my client’s with childhood trauma, anxiety, relationship issues, and racial/cultural experiences Additionally, I work with first and second generation clients who are navigating bicultural and multicultural identities and experiences. I also work closely with south asian clients. I have a holistic approach that is trauma informed and social justice oriented.
Hello and welcome. I am a licensed clinical social worker with 10+ years of experience supporting adults and adolescents with their healing journey. I specialize in supporting my client’s with childhood trauma, anxiety, relationship issues, and racial/cultural experiences Additionally, I work with first and second generation clients who are navigating bicultural and multicultural identities and experiences. I also work closely with south asian clients. I have a holistic approach that is trauma informed and social justice oriented.
(510) 984-9639 View (510) 984-9639
Photo of William L. Spivey, Psychologist in 94609, CA
William L. Spivey
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
Oakland, CA 94609
Dr. Spivey is the Director of a small group practice located in the heart of the medical district in Oakland, CA. He offers more than 35 years of experience working with anxiety, depression, PTSD, and OCD within adults and adolescents. He takes a holistic approach by integrating concerns of health, diet, and exercise. Dr. Spivey also works with those suffering from occupational diseases, including job stress, feeling stale on the job, burnout, and job unhappiness. Other areas of endeavors include personality reshaping, motivation, and marital enhancement.
Dr. Spivey is the Director of a small group practice located in the heart of the medical district in Oakland, CA. He offers more than 35 years of experience working with anxiety, depression, PTSD, and OCD within adults and adolescents. He takes a holistic approach by integrating concerns of health, diet, and exercise. Dr. Spivey also works with those suffering from occupational diseases, including job stress, feeling stale on the job, burnout, and job unhappiness. Other areas of endeavors include personality reshaping, motivation, and marital enhancement.
(510) 730-3273 View (510) 730-3273
Photo of Michaela Thompson - Be You Therapy and Consulting, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 94609, CA
Michaela Thompson - Be You Therapy and Consulting
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Oakland, CA 94609  (Online Only)
Hello There. Life's challenges can feel overwhelming at times. I've been there too. My name is Michaela Thompson, and as a Licensed Clinical Social Worker, I'm here to support you through life's ups and downs. My California-based private practice, Be YOU Therapy & Consulting, provides a safe space for self-reflection and personal growth for professionals and adults. If childhood trauma, anxiety, depression, stress, mood changes, low self-esteem, or major life transitions have you feeling stuck, I'm ready to listen. My goal is to empower you to show up for yourself and develop the tools you need to tackle ongoing issues.
Hello There. Life's challenges can feel overwhelming at times. I've been there too. My name is Michaela Thompson, and as a Licensed Clinical Social Worker, I'm here to support you through life's ups and downs. My California-based private practice, Be YOU Therapy & Consulting, provides a safe space for self-reflection and personal growth for professionals and adults. If childhood trauma, anxiety, depression, stress, mood changes, low self-esteem, or major life transitions have you feeling stuck, I'm ready to listen. My goal is to empower you to show up for yourself and develop the tools you need to tackle ongoing issues.
(510) 617-1638 View (510) 617-1638
Photo of Kacey Truong, Pre-Licensed Professional in 94609, CA
Kacey Truong
Pre-Licensed Professional, ASW
Verified
Oakland, CA 94609
Do you struggle with anxiety and depression due to your childhood trauma? Are you having problems with your partner or family members due to life transition issues? Are you experiencing increased stress, fears, and doubts around the future? I believe that we all have the capacity to heal our emotional wounds and create meaningful changes. My goal as a therapist is to offer you a safe place in which you can process insights, concerns, and emotions associated with trauma.
Do you struggle with anxiety and depression due to your childhood trauma? Are you having problems with your partner or family members due to life transition issues? Are you experiencing increased stress, fears, and doubts around the future? I believe that we all have the capacity to heal our emotional wounds and create meaningful changes. My goal as a therapist is to offer you a safe place in which you can process insights, concerns, and emotions associated with trauma.
(415) 236-4893 View (415) 236-4893
Photo of Valorie Herd, Psychologist in 94609, CA
Valorie Herd
Psychologist, MA, PsyD
Verified
Oakland, CA 94609
It is a privilege to help others who are seeking support on their journey. As a licensed psychologist who enjoys working with adults, children, families, couples, as well as groups, I appreciate a holistic approach to lifestyle changes. It is important to consider physical, mental and emotional health to increase our quality of life. We don’t have control over some circumstances in life, but we can work to optimally navigate what comes our way. Cognitive behavioral therapy, solution focused therapy, mindfulness for stress reduction, managing occupational strain and psychoeducation are some of the techniques I find helpful.
It is a privilege to help others who are seeking support on their journey. As a licensed psychologist who enjoys working with adults, children, families, couples, as well as groups, I appreciate a holistic approach to lifestyle changes. It is important to consider physical, mental and emotional health to increase our quality of life. We don’t have control over some circumstances in life, but we can work to optimally navigate what comes our way. Cognitive behavioral therapy, solution focused therapy, mindfulness for stress reduction, managing occupational strain and psychoeducation are some of the techniques I find helpful.
(510) 640-8631 View (510) 640-8631
Photo of Angie N Branham, Psychologist in 94609, CA
Angie N Branham
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
Oakland, CA 94609
I have extensive experience working with adults and children as young as 3. I specialize in helping children other therapists describe as "difficult to treat," including children who are traumatized, emotionally unregulated, physically aggressive, or have difficulty connecting with adults and caregivers. I will work with your child whose needs have not been met in schools or by other therapists. I help children through play, physical movement, games, art, and words. I help overwhelmed parents with sound psychological guidance. I have fourteen years' experience and I teach and train other therapists.
I have extensive experience working with adults and children as young as 3. I specialize in helping children other therapists describe as "difficult to treat," including children who are traumatized, emotionally unregulated, physically aggressive, or have difficulty connecting with adults and caregivers. I will work with your child whose needs have not been met in schools or by other therapists. I help children through play, physical movement, games, art, and words. I help overwhelmed parents with sound psychological guidance. I have fourteen years' experience and I teach and train other therapists.
(510) 756-2426 View (510) 756-2426
Photo of Charlotte Parker, Marriage & Family Therapist in 94609, CA
Charlotte Parker
Marriage & Family Therapist, MFT
Verified
1 Endorsed
Oakland, CA 94609  (Online Only)
I have 20 years experience working with individuals and couples who have a desire to make positive changes in their lives. My motivation is to support you as you journey through your personal exploration and growth; and assist you in finding the answers for yourself. Within my practice, I offer a formal and professional relationship that is authentic and accommodates your development of self-awareness and self - responsibility. My personal philosophy incorporates the provision of a safe environment from which you can explore your thoughts, emotions, experiences and perceptions within framework of acceptance.
I have 20 years experience working with individuals and couples who have a desire to make positive changes in their lives. My motivation is to support you as you journey through your personal exploration and growth; and assist you in finding the answers for yourself. Within my practice, I offer a formal and professional relationship that is authentic and accommodates your development of self-awareness and self - responsibility. My personal philosophy incorporates the provision of a safe environment from which you can explore your thoughts, emotions, experiences and perceptions within framework of acceptance.
(510) 270-4296 View (510) 270-4296
Photo of Dr. Alicia Johnson, Psychologist in 94609, CA
Dr. Alicia Johnson
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
Oakland, CA 94609  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
There are times in life when we realize that something isn't working for us anymore, and we need support to make sense of it all. It can be hard to carry our challenges alone, and a true relief to have someone help us hold them. My clients come to me with a range of concerns, including anxiety, depression, trauma, relationship issues, life transitions, career challenges, family conflict, and identity development. Above all, we will use therapy as an opportunity for you to heal, to evolve, and to grow. Taking this first step can be difficult, but on the other side of it lies the discovery of your full potential.
There are times in life when we realize that something isn't working for us anymore, and we need support to make sense of it all. It can be hard to carry our challenges alone, and a true relief to have someone help us hold them. My clients come to me with a range of concerns, including anxiety, depression, trauma, relationship issues, life transitions, career challenges, family conflict, and identity development. Above all, we will use therapy as an opportunity for you to heal, to evolve, and to grow. Taking this first step can be difficult, but on the other side of it lies the discovery of your full potential.
(510) 398-4410 View (510) 398-4410
Photo of Hazzel Angulo, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in 94609, CA
Hazzel Angulo
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, AMFT, EMDR
Verified
Oakland, CA 94609
Trauma, anxiety, and addiction can make you feel stuck. The most important step towards healing is to address the unresolved emotion inside you. Healing requires feelings. Acceptance slowly dissolves pain. When we function from the fear and scarring of our trauma, the cycles continue until we learn how to transmute that energy into love. I apply a Holistic approach that integrates physical, mental, emotional, and spiritual forms of well-being, addressing the “whole” self. Through a holistic framework tailored to your unique needs, the goal is to support you develop a deeper understanding of the self on all these levels.
Trauma, anxiety, and addiction can make you feel stuck. The most important step towards healing is to address the unresolved emotion inside you. Healing requires feelings. Acceptance slowly dissolves pain. When we function from the fear and scarring of our trauma, the cycles continue until we learn how to transmute that energy into love. I apply a Holistic approach that integrates physical, mental, emotional, and spiritual forms of well-being, addressing the “whole” self. Through a holistic framework tailored to your unique needs, the goal is to support you develop a deeper understanding of the self on all these levels.
(213) 894-9098 View (213) 894-9098

See more therapy options for 94609

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 94609

300+

Average cost per session

$180

Therapists in 94609 who prioritize treating:

93% Anxiety
91% Depression
89% Relationship Issues
80% Trauma and PTSD
78% Self Esteem
74% Grief
69% Stress

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

51% Optum
50% Cigna and Evernorth
48% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in 94609 see their clients

65% In Person and Online
35% Online Only

Gender breakdown

73% Female
22% Male
5% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 94609?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.