Therapists in 94607

Photo of Laura Frame, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 94607, CA
Laura Frame
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, PhD
Verified
Oakland, CA 94607
Growth, change and transformation happen in the context of crucial relationships in our lives. We also experience pain, loss, absence, fear, shame, and more within those relationships – as children and as adults. Our life experiences, intertwined with our cultural background and unique neurobiology, lead us to become who we are, but may not lead us to become who we want to be. Psychotherapy offers an opportunity to create lives and relationships that are more satisfying and in which we feel more alive.
Growth, change and transformation happen in the context of crucial relationships in our lives. We also experience pain, loss, absence, fear, shame, and more within those relationships – as children and as adults. Our life experiences, intertwined with our cultural background and unique neurobiology, lead us to become who we are, but may not lead us to become who we want to be. Psychotherapy offers an opportunity to create lives and relationships that are more satisfying and in which we feel more alive.
(510) 399-2147 View (510) 399-2147
Photo of Catherine Morelix, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 94607, CA
Catherine Morelix
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, LSCSW
Verified
3 Endorsed
Oakland, CA 94607  (Online Only)
Do you struggle to feel safe and secure in relationships? Do shame, guilt, and anxiety cause you to avoid talking about your own needs? Trauma from our past can affect how we relate to others. My approach is to build a warm, peaceful, shame free space for people to share their story and discover in creative ways to heal the hurt that they carry. I support people as they open doors of their hearts with compassion and care. Whether you are coming to therapy as an individual or a couple, I work to build up your inner resources and hope for your future.
Do you struggle to feel safe and secure in relationships? Do shame, guilt, and anxiety cause you to avoid talking about your own needs? Trauma from our past can affect how we relate to others. My approach is to build a warm, peaceful, shame free space for people to share their story and discover in creative ways to heal the hurt that they carry. I support people as they open doors of their hearts with compassion and care. Whether you are coming to therapy as an individual or a couple, I work to build up your inner resources and hope for your future.
(415) 329-7865 View (415) 329-7865
Photo of Bridge Psychological Services - Kevin Hilke, Pre-Licensed Professional in 94607, CA
Bridge Psychological Services - Kevin Hilke
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA
Verified
Oakland, CA 94607
Not accepting new clients
Maybe you have a clear sense of the problems you’d like to solve. Maybe you’re struggling with certain feelings that don’t have a clear origin. My approach is you-centered, prizing a full, collaborative understanding of the many ways these problems or feelings might relate to your unique history.
Maybe you have a clear sense of the problems you’d like to solve. Maybe you’re struggling with certain feelings that don’t have a clear origin. My approach is you-centered, prizing a full, collaborative understanding of the many ways these problems or feelings might relate to your unique history.
(415) 463-3543 View (415) 463-3543
Photo of Bridge Psychological Services - Ikroop Khazanewala, Pre-Licensed Professional in 94607, CA
Bridge Psychological Services - Ikroop Khazanewala
Pre-Licensed Professional, PsyD
Verified
Oakland, CA 94607
I am a pre-licensed professional currently working under the supervision of a licensed clinical psychologist. I believe in a collaborative approach to therapy and work with my clients to determine the best course for treatment. I have experience ranging from long-term therapeutic relationships to short-term problem solving. Whether you have a specific concern you'd like to tackle or are looking for a place to process and understand your story, I hope to provide the safe space needed.
I am a pre-licensed professional currently working under the supervision of a licensed clinical psychologist. I believe in a collaborative approach to therapy and work with my clients to determine the best course for treatment. I have experience ranging from long-term therapeutic relationships to short-term problem solving. Whether you have a specific concern you'd like to tackle or are looking for a place to process and understand your story, I hope to provide the safe space needed.
(415) 358-6981 View (415) 358-6981
Photo of Cameron Murphey, Marriage & Family Therapist in 94607, CA
Cameron Murphey
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
4 Endorsed
Oakland, CA 94607
“The best things in life are on the other side of fear.” You or your teen struggle with anxiety, OCD, or trauma. You spend hours worrying and feeling anxious. You feel tense and you're in a ton of pain. You’ve tried all kinds of ways to get rid of the problem - relaxation, meditation, etc. - and nothing has worked. You’re confused, frustrated, and nearly hopeless. You don’t understand why this is happening, how to make it go away, or even what to do next.
“The best things in life are on the other side of fear.” You or your teen struggle with anxiety, OCD, or trauma. You spend hours worrying and feeling anxious. You feel tense and you're in a ton of pain. You’ve tried all kinds of ways to get rid of the problem - relaxation, meditation, etc. - and nothing has worked. You’re confused, frustrated, and nearly hopeless. You don’t understand why this is happening, how to make it go away, or even what to do next.
(510) 216-1751 View (510) 216-1751
Photo of Sarah West Carson, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 94607, CA
Sarah West Carson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Oakland, CA 94607
I work with adults and teens looking to make changes in their lives. I believe in the resiliency of people, and it continues to be my pleasure to support individuals, couples, families and communities in enhancing their sense of personal power. I have extensive experience providing psychotherapy to individuals, couples and families. My practice is open to people of all nationalities, genders, and orientations (sexual, religious, political) and I enjoy working with anyone who desires to change and grow.
I work with adults and teens looking to make changes in their lives. I believe in the resiliency of people, and it continues to be my pleasure to support individuals, couples, families and communities in enhancing their sense of personal power. I have extensive experience providing psychotherapy to individuals, couples and families. My practice is open to people of all nationalities, genders, and orientations (sexual, religious, political) and I enjoy working with anyone who desires to change and grow.
(415) 324-6247 View (415) 324-6247
Photo of Sara Bisikirski, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 94607, CA
Sara Bisikirski
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Oakland, CA 94607
With 20 years of experience, I work with individual adults, adolescents and couples from a trauma-informed model that integrates DBT, psychodynamic, family systems and Mindful Self-Compassion perspectives. Through therapy I can help you to achieve your goals, develop an increased understanding of yourself and build new ways of coping with life’s challenges. As a Certified Mediator with a background in divorce mediation I can lend informed support to those struggling with divorce-related challenges. Furthermore as a transracially adoptive mom of two I hold a strong interest in helping others navigate the world of parenting.
With 20 years of experience, I work with individual adults, adolescents and couples from a trauma-informed model that integrates DBT, psychodynamic, family systems and Mindful Self-Compassion perspectives. Through therapy I can help you to achieve your goals, develop an increased understanding of yourself and build new ways of coping with life’s challenges. As a Certified Mediator with a background in divorce mediation I can lend informed support to those struggling with divorce-related challenges. Furthermore as a transracially adoptive mom of two I hold a strong interest in helping others navigate the world of parenting.
(510) 880-1983 View (510) 880-1983
Photo of Deidre Abrons, Marriage & Family Therapist in 94607, CA
Deidre Abrons
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, MA
Verified
2 Endorsed
Oakland, CA 94607  (Online Only)
I enjoy working with individuals and couples in both short and long term therapy. I have extensive training in IFS, EMDR, CBT, and Relational Psychodynamic Therapy. My objective is to work with you using the appropriate approach that best fits your goals for therapy. I have a wide range of experience working with the effects of addiction on families, substance abuse, trauma, PTSD, anxiety, and depression. I also have considerable training in sleep disorders and enjoy working with clients to adjust their sleep schedules, thereby improving their daily mood and functioning.
I enjoy working with individuals and couples in both short and long term therapy. I have extensive training in IFS, EMDR, CBT, and Relational Psychodynamic Therapy. My objective is to work with you using the appropriate approach that best fits your goals for therapy. I have a wide range of experience working with the effects of addiction on families, substance abuse, trauma, PTSD, anxiety, and depression. I also have considerable training in sleep disorders and enjoy working with clients to adjust their sleep schedules, thereby improving their daily mood and functioning.
(510) 248-4138 View (510) 248-4138
Photo of Ari Lawrence, Psychologist in 94607, CA
Ari Lawrence
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
Oakland, CA 94607
As a licensed clinical psychologist, I have experience treating adults of all ages for everything from emergent life stressors to severe trauma. My integrated approach to care utilizes aspects of cognitive-behavioral, psychodynamic, and mindfulness techniques to work towards a patient centered conceptualization of health.
As a licensed clinical psychologist, I have experience treating adults of all ages for everything from emergent life stressors to severe trauma. My integrated approach to care utilizes aspects of cognitive-behavioral, psychodynamic, and mindfulness techniques to work towards a patient centered conceptualization of health.
(415) 465-5782 View (415) 465-5782
Photo of Psychological Testing & Evaluations - Dr. Dean, Psychologist in 94607, CA
Psychological Testing & Evaluations - Dr. Dean
Psychologist, PsyD, QME, Author
Verified
Oakland, CA 94607
I'm Dr. Dean Leav, licensed psychologist and qualified medical evaluator (QME). I've been featured on ABC, NBC, KCAL, and other programs as an expert psychologist. I provide Evaluation Services, including (and not limited to): diagnostics (ADHD, Autism, Learning Dis.), cognitive/neuropsychological evaluations, workers' compensation (QME/AME), immigration-related evaluations, pre-adoption psychological evaluations, parenting/bonding assessments, drug & alcohol evaluations, pre-employment evaluations, and legal/forensics/criminal evaluations. These evaluations may be used to meet eligibility for certain services or accommodations.
I'm Dr. Dean Leav, licensed psychologist and qualified medical evaluator (QME). I've been featured on ABC, NBC, KCAL, and other programs as an expert psychologist. I provide Evaluation Services, including (and not limited to): diagnostics (ADHD, Autism, Learning Dis.), cognitive/neuropsychological evaluations, workers' compensation (QME/AME), immigration-related evaluations, pre-adoption psychological evaluations, parenting/bonding assessments, drug & alcohol evaluations, pre-employment evaluations, and legal/forensics/criminal evaluations. These evaluations may be used to meet eligibility for certain services or accommodations.
(510) 319-0360 View (510) 319-0360
Photo of Cecilia Ding Emdr; Generational Trauma; Self-Growth, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in 94607, CA
Cecilia Ding Emdr; Generational Trauma; Self-Growth
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, EMDR
Verified
1 Endorsed
Oakland, CA 94607  (Online Only)
I am Online Only. I specialize in intergenerational trauma and cross-cultural identities. I help clients strengthen individual identity and self-confidence from families with multicultural backgrounds. I validate and celebrate all parts of cultural identities, and support you in building a balance that is authentic. I use scientifically proven techniques to make changes. Change can be stressful even positive, however, it is also a wonderful self-growth process to create version of ourselves we can be proud of. Therapy is a process of reconnecting with yourself. It empowers you to feel more alive, positive, and aware.
I am Online Only. I specialize in intergenerational trauma and cross-cultural identities. I help clients strengthen individual identity and self-confidence from families with multicultural backgrounds. I validate and celebrate all parts of cultural identities, and support you in building a balance that is authentic. I use scientifically proven techniques to make changes. Change can be stressful even positive, however, it is also a wonderful self-growth process to create version of ourselves we can be proud of. Therapy is a process of reconnecting with yourself. It empowers you to feel more alive, positive, and aware.
(415) 842-1277 View (415) 842-1277
Photo of Andrea Rubenstein, Psychologist in 94607, CA
Andrea Rubenstein
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
1 Endorsed
Oakland, CA 94607  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
My history has enabled me to understand and support people with complex backgrounds. I come from a multi-cultural blended family whose individuals differed tremendously. At a young age I recognized the complexity of human identity as I tried to navigate being part of two cultures when I became an immigrant at the age of 14. Now as a therapist, I have gained knowledge and experience to support children and families in learning how to understand and communicate with one another, as well as individuals and couples going through difficult life stages. I hope to be part of your journey of growth and wellness.
My history has enabled me to understand and support people with complex backgrounds. I come from a multi-cultural blended family whose individuals differed tremendously. At a young age I recognized the complexity of human identity as I tried to navigate being part of two cultures when I became an immigrant at the age of 14. Now as a therapist, I have gained knowledge and experience to support children and families in learning how to understand and communicate with one another, as well as individuals and couples going through difficult life stages. I hope to be part of your journey of growth and wellness.
(510) 953-5901 View (510) 953-5901
Photo of Melisa Medalle, Pre-Licensed Professional in 94607, CA
Melisa Medalle
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA, AMFT
Verified
Oakland, CA 94607  (Online Only)
Life in this day, age, society, and global environment can be especially challenging. The systems we operate in are seemingly set up to foster stress, trauma, and injustice. Carrying this weight manifests in our bodies, minds, spirit and in turn, how we are able to show up in the world. Widespread, sweeping, systemic change takes time. However, we do have the power on a personal level, to own our sovereignty and create change from within. Every little bit of effort matters and makes a difference.
Life in this day, age, society, and global environment can be especially challenging. The systems we operate in are seemingly set up to foster stress, trauma, and injustice. Carrying this weight manifests in our bodies, minds, spirit and in turn, how we are able to show up in the world. Widespread, sweeping, systemic change takes time. However, we do have the power on a personal level, to own our sovereignty and create change from within. Every little bit of effort matters and makes a difference.
(415) 936-0753 View (415) 936-0753
Photo of Psychological Testing & Evaluations - Dr. Dean, Psychologist in 94607, CA
Psychological Testing & Evaluations - Dr. Dean
Psychologist, PsyD, QME, Author
Verified
Oakland, CA 94607
I'm Dr. Dean Leav, licensed psychologist and qualified medical evaluator (QME). I've been featured on ABC, NBC, KCAL, and other programs as an expert psychologist. I provide Evaluation Services, including (and not limited to): diagnostics (ADHD, Autism, Learning Dis.), cognitive/neuropsychological evaluations, workers' compensation (QME/AME), immigration-related evaluations, pre-adoption psychological evaluations, parenting/bonding assessments, drug & alcohol evaluations, pre-employment evaluations, and legal/forensics/criminal evaluations. These evaluations may be used to meet eligibility for certain services or accommodations.
I'm Dr. Dean Leav, licensed psychologist and qualified medical evaluator (QME). I've been featured on ABC, NBC, KCAL, and other programs as an expert psychologist. I provide Evaluation Services, including (and not limited to): diagnostics (ADHD, Autism, Learning Dis.), cognitive/neuropsychological evaluations, workers' compensation (QME/AME), immigration-related evaluations, pre-adoption psychological evaluations, parenting/bonding assessments, drug & alcohol evaluations, pre-employment evaluations, and legal/forensics/criminal evaluations. These evaluations may be used to meet eligibility for certain services or accommodations.
(510) 945-1478 View (510) 945-1478
Photo of Bridge Psych Services - Dr. Aisling Forbes, Psychological Associate in 94607, CA
Bridge Psych Services - Dr. Aisling Forbes
Psychological Associate, PhD
Verified
Oakland, CA 94607
Not accepting new clients
We can all struggle with stressors at certain times and/or throughout our lives. My goal is to give you the space to explore freely about any problems, issues or concerns along with the successes that you are experiencing. Together we will then identify possible ways to better cope with the challenges life can throw at us.
We can all struggle with stressors at certain times and/or throughout our lives. My goal is to give you the space to explore freely about any problems, issues or concerns along with the successes that you are experiencing. Together we will then identify possible ways to better cope with the challenges life can throw at us.
(510) 338-3325 View (510) 338-3325
Photo of Ryan Sweat, Marriage & Family Therapist in 94607, CA
Ryan Sweat
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified
1 Endorsed
Oakland, CA 94607  (Online Only)
Are you feeling stuck in your life or your relationships? Do you want to change how you relate to others and the world around you? Are you struggling with anxiety or motivation? Do you feel overwhelmed, unsure of how to make meaningful changes, and where to start? Do you want to feel more agency? The answers you seek are already within you. Our patterns, our past, and the busy world around us can make it difficult to access our own innate wisdom. Therapy can help you to understand and untangle from your limiting beliefs, to find your path to the answers you seek, and to access your personal power to live the life you want to live.
Are you feeling stuck in your life or your relationships? Do you want to change how you relate to others and the world around you? Are you struggling with anxiety or motivation? Do you feel overwhelmed, unsure of how to make meaningful changes, and where to start? Do you want to feel more agency? The answers you seek are already within you. Our patterns, our past, and the busy world around us can make it difficult to access our own innate wisdom. Therapy can help you to understand and untangle from your limiting beliefs, to find your path to the answers you seek, and to access your personal power to live the life you want to live.
(510) 738-2974 View (510) 738-2974
Photo of Christy Mammini, Marriage & Family Therapist in 94607, CA
Christy Mammini
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified
Oakland, CA 94607
Welcome! Taking the first step towards getting help is not always easy and I am here to make that transition as clear and safe as possible. My specialties include eating disorders, body image, depression and anxiety. You will find I provide a warm, compassionate, down-to-earth environment where together we will work towards developing insight and awareness into the roots of the behaviors, beliefs and patterns that are holding you back from reaching your fullest potential and living the life that you want.
Welcome! Taking the first step towards getting help is not always easy and I am here to make that transition as clear and safe as possible. My specialties include eating disorders, body image, depression and anxiety. You will find I provide a warm, compassionate, down-to-earth environment where together we will work towards developing insight and awareness into the roots of the behaviors, beliefs and patterns that are holding you back from reaching your fullest potential and living the life that you want.
(510) 629-5154 View (510) 629-5154
Photo of Shirley Wong, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in 94607, CA
Shirley Wong
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MASW, MAC, AMFT
Verified
Oakland, CA 94607
Do you often feel weighed down by feelings of anxiety? If you find it difficult to make friends or experience loneliness, come talk to me. Together, we will work on strategies that allow you to address your difficulties and build meaningful social connections. I am there to walk beside you, listen and offer you my insights, and support you as together we look into whatever it is you bring. Counseling can help you to explore your difficulties and understand the emotions behind them. The process aims to help you find ways of managing your life, perhaps by seeing things differently or gaining a deeper understanding.
Do you often feel weighed down by feelings of anxiety? If you find it difficult to make friends or experience loneliness, come talk to me. Together, we will work on strategies that allow you to address your difficulties and build meaningful social connections. I am there to walk beside you, listen and offer you my insights, and support you as together we look into whatever it is you bring. Counseling can help you to explore your difficulties and understand the emotions behind them. The process aims to help you find ways of managing your life, perhaps by seeing things differently or gaining a deeper understanding.
(510) 737-5476 View (510) 737-5476
Photo of Shawn Rowland, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 94607, CA
Shawn Rowland
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Oakland, CA 94607
I believe change is possible. That is one of the main reasons that I became a therapist. My over 20 years of experience have been driven by my passion for supporting positive change, including empowerment-based psychotherapy, work in the criminal justice system, and community organizing, all through the filter of social change and social justice. The journey to changing your life takes courage, confidence, and the willingness to try new ways of looking at the world.
I believe change is possible. That is one of the main reasons that I became a therapist. My over 20 years of experience have been driven by my passion for supporting positive change, including empowerment-based psychotherapy, work in the criminal justice system, and community organizing, all through the filter of social change and social justice. The journey to changing your life takes courage, confidence, and the willingness to try new ways of looking at the world.
(415) 449-0314 View (415) 449-0314
Photo of Tim Dreby, MFT, Marriage & Family Therapist in 94607, CA
Tim Dreby, MFT
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
Oakland, CA 94607  (Online Only)
I offer innovative solutions for complex challenges. I focus on the kind of mental health challenges that may threaten your hopes and dreams. Maybe people are using labels that seem chronic and don’t accurately reflect either what you are experiencing or what you’ve been through! Maybe you’ve had experience with institutionalized care and you don’t want to go back! Or maybe you are a family member and don't know how to help. When there is no simple answer for anxiety, depression, emotional pain, social exclusion, abuse or addictive behavior, perhaps it is time to go a little deeper.
I offer innovative solutions for complex challenges. I focus on the kind of mental health challenges that may threaten your hopes and dreams. Maybe people are using labels that seem chronic and don’t accurately reflect either what you are experiencing or what you’ve been through! Maybe you’ve had experience with institutionalized care and you don’t want to go back! Or maybe you are a family member and don't know how to help. When there is no simple answer for anxiety, depression, emotional pain, social exclusion, abuse or addictive behavior, perhaps it is time to go a little deeper.
(510) 662-6728 View (510) 662-6728

See more therapy options for 94607

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 94607

90+

Average cost per session

$180

Therapists in 94607 who prioritize treating:

90% Anxiety
82% Depression
79% Trauma and PTSD
71% Relationship Issues
67% Self Esteem
60% Stress
60% Life Transitions

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

57% Aetna
46% Cigna and Evernorth
46% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in 94607 see their clients

62% In Person and Online
38% Online Only

Gender breakdown

74% Female
23% Male
3% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 94607?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.