Therapists in 94597

Photo of Barton Lynch, Psychologist in 94597, CA
Barton Lynch
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
Walnut Creek, CA 94597
"Anyone with children knows that they are challenging as well as rewarding. It is when these challenges outweigh the loving relationship that children start to typically manifest symptoms. Due to internal and/or environmental stresses, children can become withdrawn, oppositional, easily overwhelmed, and scared. This in turn can compromise your child's present and future relationships, academic performance, self-esteem, and the parent-child relationship. When difficulties are addressed early, children gain a sense of mastery and safety lasting a lifetime." Dr. Lynch has worked with young children in preschool, research, state/county, and clinical settings over the last ten years.
"Anyone with children knows that they are challenging as well as rewarding. It is when these challenges outweigh the loving relationship that children start to typically manifest symptoms. Due to internal and/or environmental stresses, children can become withdrawn, oppositional, easily overwhelmed, and scared. This in turn can compromise your child's present and future relationships, academic performance, self-esteem, and the parent-child relationship. When difficulties are addressed early, children gain a sense of mastery and safety lasting a lifetime." Dr. Lynch has worked with young children in preschool, research, state/county, and clinical settings over the last ten years.
(925) 308-5238 View (925) 308-5238
Photo of Sheila Ali, Associate Clinical Social Worker in 94597, CA
Sheila Ali
Associate Clinical Social Worker, ACSW, MSW
Verified
Walnut Creek, CA 94597
In a post-pandemic world, the idea of seeking therapy no longer feels radical, as it offered so many a roadmap to finding their internal strength to steer through isolation & uncertainty. Therapy- now, is like your weird uncle who you cannot seem to find the time to visit- because of what may come up... It is deep within our unconscious that we meet our true selves. It is in this space where we can bear witness to the strength that emerges from the courage of confronting the vulnerability of our own psychology. This space of brutal honesty with oneself equips us with behavioral & emotional tools for the lives we are seeking.
In a post-pandemic world, the idea of seeking therapy no longer feels radical, as it offered so many a roadmap to finding their internal strength to steer through isolation & uncertainty. Therapy- now, is like your weird uncle who you cannot seem to find the time to visit- because of what may come up... It is deep within our unconscious that we meet our true selves. It is in this space where we can bear witness to the strength that emerges from the courage of confronting the vulnerability of our own psychology. This space of brutal honesty with oneself equips us with behavioral & emotional tools for the lives we are seeking.
(925) 965-7775 View (925) 965-7775
Photo of Cynthia Pastor, Marriage & Family Therapist in 94597, CA
Cynthia Pastor
Marriage & Family Therapist, MFT
Verified
Walnut Creek, CA 94597
I help adults and couples with relationship and codependency issues, grief and loss, depression, anxiety and addictive patterns with self and others. I help you to create a relationship with yourself and others based on respect, caring and trust. This helps build the feeling of safety that lies at the core of any successful therapy. My goal is to support you in finding and strengthening your own inner voice. When we learn to free ourselves from old, stuck patterns of relating (in mind and body), we often feel a lightness of being that allows us to experience more joy in our everyday lives.
I help adults and couples with relationship and codependency issues, grief and loss, depression, anxiety and addictive patterns with self and others. I help you to create a relationship with yourself and others based on respect, caring and trust. This helps build the feeling of safety that lies at the core of any successful therapy. My goal is to support you in finding and strengthening your own inner voice. When we learn to free ourselves from old, stuck patterns of relating (in mind and body), we often feel a lightness of being that allows us to experience more joy in our everyday lives.
(925) 275-5874 View (925) 275-5874
Photo of Michael J Abrams, Marriage & Family Therapist in 94597, CA
Michael J Abrams
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
Walnut Creek, CA 94597
Saturdays appointments available! I am a Marriage and Family Therapist specializing in working with children, adolescents, and families. In addition, I work with individual adults, couples, and co-parenting. I provide a safe, calm, friendly, empathetic & down to earth environment for my clients. I have extensive experience and specialize in working with young children through adolescents and their families around issues related to social, behavioral, interpersonal and academic concerns. Throughout my career, I have provided supervision to other professionals in all aspects of providing psychotherapy for children and adolescents; from case conceptualization, diagnosis, and treatment.
Saturdays appointments available! I am a Marriage and Family Therapist specializing in working with children, adolescents, and families. In addition, I work with individual adults, couples, and co-parenting. I provide a safe, calm, friendly, empathetic & down to earth environment for my clients. I have extensive experience and specialize in working with young children through adolescents and their families around issues related to social, behavioral, interpersonal and academic concerns. Throughout my career, I have provided supervision to other professionals in all aspects of providing psychotherapy for children and adolescents; from case conceptualization, diagnosis, and treatment.
(818) 938-1155 View (818) 938-1155
Photo of Arielle Vale, Marriage & Family Therapist in 94597, CA
Arielle Vale
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
1 Endorsed
Walnut Creek, CA 94597  (Online Only)
It is brave of you to seek therapy. It is not easy and choosing a therapist and taking the time to find the right space takes time and effort as you look to find the right fit for your personal journey. It is courageous to start this journey! I enjoy working with creative and artistic people who have experienced trauma in their past.
It is brave of you to seek therapy. It is not easy and choosing a therapist and taking the time to find the right space takes time and effort as you look to find the right fit for your personal journey. It is courageous to start this journey! I enjoy working with creative and artistic people who have experienced trauma in their past.
(925) 478-3067 View (925) 478-3067
Photo of Stephanie Saari, Marriage & Family Therapist in 94597, CA
Stephanie Saari
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified
13 Endorsed
Walnut Creek, CA 94597  (Online Only)
Are you and your partner stuck in a cycle of conflict that repeats over and over, leaving you both feeling disconnected, frustrated and alone? As a Certified Emotionally Focused Therapist and Supervisor, I use the most effective form of couples therapy, I will help you improve communication, have a new understanding of yourself and your partner, and build more trust, intimacy and connection.
Are you and your partner stuck in a cycle of conflict that repeats over and over, leaving you both feeling disconnected, frustrated and alone? As a Certified Emotionally Focused Therapist and Supervisor, I use the most effective form of couples therapy, I will help you improve communication, have a new understanding of yourself and your partner, and build more trust, intimacy and connection.
(424) 321-4136 View (424) 321-4136
Photo of Marissa Mannina, Psychologist in 94597, CA
Marissa Mannina
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
Walnut Creek, CA 94597
Dr. Mannina is a clinical psychologist who has been practicing for over fifteen years. She graduated from Sofia University (formerly Institute of Transpersonal Psychology). Dr. Mannina believes in humanistic care that includes psychodynamic work and as needed CBT, DBT or other modalities that may be useful to each unique individual she works with. Formerly an artist, and licensed massage therapist, Marissa also enjoys the connection between creativity and life as art, somatic and cranio-sacral therapies.
Dr. Mannina is a clinical psychologist who has been practicing for over fifteen years. She graduated from Sofia University (formerly Institute of Transpersonal Psychology). Dr. Mannina believes in humanistic care that includes psychodynamic work and as needed CBT, DBT or other modalities that may be useful to each unique individual she works with. Formerly an artist, and licensed massage therapist, Marissa also enjoys the connection between creativity and life as art, somatic and cranio-sacral therapies.
(925) 605-7247 View (925) 605-7247
Photo of Jim Wolfe, Marriage & Family Therapist in 94597, CA
Jim Wolfe
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA
Verified
1 Endorsed
Walnut Creek, CA 94597
Beyond knowing a therapist has degrees and a license, a list of credentials do not matter much in your choosing. Therapy is more art than science. Nor may you be impressed with a long series of my professional accomplishments. What you want to know is: Can I stop the pain? Can I make your depression and anxiety go away? Can I fix your career or relationship problem? The answer is: No, I cannot. But together we can. If you will bring the motivation and some willingness to trust I will bring knowledge and the ability to shift things. And perhaps, with the help of an unseen grace, together we can heal the hurt and find a solution.
Beyond knowing a therapist has degrees and a license, a list of credentials do not matter much in your choosing. Therapy is more art than science. Nor may you be impressed with a long series of my professional accomplishments. What you want to know is: Can I stop the pain? Can I make your depression and anxiety go away? Can I fix your career or relationship problem? The answer is: No, I cannot. But together we can. If you will bring the motivation and some willingness to trust I will bring knowledge and the ability to shift things. And perhaps, with the help of an unseen grace, together we can heal the hurt and find a solution.
(925) 247-8859 View (925) 247-8859
Photo of Alexa Boffoli, Marriage & Family Therapist in 94597, CA
Alexa Boffoli
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified
1 Endorsed
Walnut Creek, CA 94597
Your teen, your family or you yourself are struggling. The struggle could be overall life changes, an increase in conflict/parenting issues, depression, anxiety, trauma, or an eating disorder. Through individual, parent and/or family counseling we will deepen emotional awareness, create coping skills to handle stressors, build connection and generate hope for you and your families future.
Your teen, your family or you yourself are struggling. The struggle could be overall life changes, an increase in conflict/parenting issues, depression, anxiety, trauma, or an eating disorder. Through individual, parent and/or family counseling we will deepen emotional awareness, create coping skills to handle stressors, build connection and generate hope for you and your families future.
(925) 369-5484 View (925) 369-5484
Photo of Catherine Lamme, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 94597, CA
Catherine Lamme
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Walnut Creek, CA 94597  (Online Only)
Welcome! Are you feeling tired of the patterns and old stories that impact the development of your vitality and the best version of your life? Does your body seem to mirror the internal negative thought patterns that seem to block you creating the life you want to live? Do you feel like there are moments that you cannot imagine living in the internal chaos another moment? I am inspired and honored to work with adults who are motivated to heal and release the negative internal stories, especially from trauma, that have dictated their behavior in order to create their own life worth living.
Welcome! Are you feeling tired of the patterns and old stories that impact the development of your vitality and the best version of your life? Does your body seem to mirror the internal negative thought patterns that seem to block you creating the life you want to live? Do you feel like there are moments that you cannot imagine living in the internal chaos another moment? I am inspired and honored to work with adults who are motivated to heal and release the negative internal stories, especially from trauma, that have dictated their behavior in order to create their own life worth living.
(760) 263-6052 View (760) 263-6052
Photo of Ashley Elefant Baratz, Psychologist in 94597, CA
Ashley Elefant Baratz
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
1 Endorsed
Walnut Creek, CA 94597
I am a licensed Clinical Psychologist specializing in assessment and therapy for neurodivergent individuals throughout the lifespan, with a specific focus on working with ADHDers and Autistic individuals. Through strengths-based assessment and therapy services, my goal is to provide comprehensive resources and tailored skills to help neurodivergent individuals get their needs met and thrive in a world that oftentimes feels as if it is working against them. As an ADHDer myself who has spent my career seeking ongoing training on ADHD and Autism, I bring many years of personal and professional experience to the clients that I serve.
I am a licensed Clinical Psychologist specializing in assessment and therapy for neurodivergent individuals throughout the lifespan, with a specific focus on working with ADHDers and Autistic individuals. Through strengths-based assessment and therapy services, my goal is to provide comprehensive resources and tailored skills to help neurodivergent individuals get their needs met and thrive in a world that oftentimes feels as if it is working against them. As an ADHDer myself who has spent my career seeking ongoing training on ADHD and Autism, I bring many years of personal and professional experience to the clients that I serve.
(925) 258-2458 View (925) 258-2458
Photo of Ruby Rosas Ruiz, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 94597, CA
Ruby Rosas Ruiz
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Walnut Creek, CA 94597  (Online Only)
My approach to therapy is that this is a path to recovery that involves the mind, body, and soul. Therapy is not a one-stop shop; it is hard work. I will help you master a variety of techniques. One of my goals as your therapist is to have you feel in charge of how you respond and how you conduct your life. I help you do this by learning to become aware of your inner experience and learning to befriend what is going on inside of yourself. I truly believe that therapy is a collaborative process where you need to feel 100% comfortable with your therapist.
My approach to therapy is that this is a path to recovery that involves the mind, body, and soul. Therapy is not a one-stop shop; it is hard work. I will help you master a variety of techniques. One of my goals as your therapist is to have you feel in charge of how you respond and how you conduct your life. I help you do this by learning to become aware of your inner experience and learning to befriend what is going on inside of yourself. I truly believe that therapy is a collaborative process where you need to feel 100% comfortable with your therapist.
(415) 917-1284 View (415) 917-1284
Photo of Nspireology Health and Wellness Coaching in 94597, CA
Nspireology Health and Wellness Coaching
MBA, MA, CWC
Walnut Creek, CA 94597  (Online Only)
Greetings, I'm Rhonda Daley, your Certified Health and Wellness Coach. With a Master of Arts in Health Psychology and a Master's in Business Administration, my expertise lies in health and wellness, motivational, and transitional coaching. Coaching is more than a profession—it's a personal journey. Having triumphed over significant health obstacles by embracing my health and wellness, I've experienced firsthand the transformative impact it can have on one's life. I conduct health and wellness workshops every quarter, aiming to empower clients with strategies for wellness and navigating life's transitions.
Greetings, I'm Rhonda Daley, your Certified Health and Wellness Coach. With a Master of Arts in Health Psychology and a Master's in Business Administration, my expertise lies in health and wellness, motivational, and transitional coaching. Coaching is more than a profession—it's a personal journey. Having triumphed over significant health obstacles by embracing my health and wellness, I've experienced firsthand the transformative impact it can have on one's life. I conduct health and wellness workshops every quarter, aiming to empower clients with strategies for wellness and navigating life's transitions.
(925) 378-4661 View (925) 378-4661
Photo of Deborah Duell-Stephens, Marriage & Family Therapist in 94597, CA
Deborah Duell-Stephens
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
Walnut Creek, CA 94597
Deborah Duell-Stephens is a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist in California who has been practicing since 2011. Deborah helps her clients by encouraging growth through a personal journey of transformation. Outside of work, Deborah enjoys camping, 4-wheel driving, and playing with her pups.
Deborah Duell-Stephens is a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist in California who has been practicing since 2011. Deborah helps her clients by encouraging growth through a personal journey of transformation. Outside of work, Deborah enjoys camping, 4-wheel driving, and playing with her pups.
(925) 709-5965 View (925) 709-5965
Photo of Jessica Montellano, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in 94597, CA
Jessica Montellano
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, AMFT
Verified
1 Endorsed
Walnut Creek, CA 94597
Are you feeling constantly drained? Do you have difficulty saying no to the people in your life and yes to yourself? Do you find yourself looking for an escape from your day to day life looking for a sense of calmness? I am here to help. I work to help older teens & millennial women to establish healthy boundaries, practice mindfulness, and engage in empowering conversations.
Are you feeling constantly drained? Do you have difficulty saying no to the people in your life and yes to yourself? Do you find yourself looking for an escape from your day to day life looking for a sense of calmness? I am here to help. I work to help older teens & millennial women to establish healthy boundaries, practice mindfulness, and engage in empowering conversations.
(925) 438-6195 View (925) 438-6195
Photo of Elissa Klein, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 94597, CA
Elissa Klein
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Walnut Creek, CA 94597
Elissa's approach to therapy is embodied in the quote by Shunryu Suzuki: Each of you is perfect the way you are... and you can use a little improvement. This means that she will help you to work through any shame you feel about your perceived problems so that you can integrate the self-awareness that you will together uncover. She works with patients either long term or short term, depending on each person's individual goals. She specializes in treating struggles with intimacy/isolation, addiction and compulsive behaviors, impulse control, anxiety, anger management, trauma and sexuality/sexual behavior.
Elissa's approach to therapy is embodied in the quote by Shunryu Suzuki: Each of you is perfect the way you are... and you can use a little improvement. This means that she will help you to work through any shame you feel about your perceived problems so that you can integrate the self-awareness that you will together uncover. She works with patients either long term or short term, depending on each person's individual goals. She specializes in treating struggles with intimacy/isolation, addiction and compulsive behaviors, impulse control, anxiety, anger management, trauma and sexuality/sexual behavior.
(925) 332-1388 View (925) 332-1388
Photo of Bj Henry, Marriage & Family Therapist in 94597, CA
Bj Henry
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
Walnut Creek, CA 94597
I enjoy working with individuals and adolescents. My clients come to therapy to address a variety of challenges. I work in a holistic way often with people who have experienced childhood trauma and challenging early relationships with parents or other caregivers. Unresolved trauma often results in difficulties in adult relationships, difficulty with parenting, anxiety, depression, trouble with boundaries or maybe general feelings of being stuck in your life. My versatile clinical style allows me to collaborate with you in a unique way to determine what your intentions and desires are and how to arrive at your goals for therapy.
I enjoy working with individuals and adolescents. My clients come to therapy to address a variety of challenges. I work in a holistic way often with people who have experienced childhood trauma and challenging early relationships with parents or other caregivers. Unresolved trauma often results in difficulties in adult relationships, difficulty with parenting, anxiety, depression, trouble with boundaries or maybe general feelings of being stuck in your life. My versatile clinical style allows me to collaborate with you in a unique way to determine what your intentions and desires are and how to arrive at your goals for therapy.
(925) 483-7360 View (925) 483-7360
Photo of Justin Wong, Marriage & Family Therapist in 94597, CA
Justin Wong
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
Walnut Creek, CA 94597  (Online Only)
I am a strong believer in taking an active approach to feeling better. Having better control over your mood can often seem hopeless, but you can make things better. Achieving a healthier approach to the way you think, make decisions, and relate to others can help clear a path towards a new direction in your life.
I am a strong believer in taking an active approach to feeling better. Having better control over your mood can often seem hopeless, but you can make things better. Achieving a healthier approach to the way you think, make decisions, and relate to others can help clear a path towards a new direction in your life.
(408) 583-6626 View (408) 583-6626
Photo of Kim C. Stevens, Marriage & Family Therapist in 94597, CA
Kim C. Stevens
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified
1 Endorsed
Walnut Creek, CA 94597
With compassion, presence and warmth, I am here to be your partner and guide on your growth journey. I partner with you to heal emotional trauma and gain self-acceptance through my specialized mind-body approach. I support you through healing limiting beliefs about yourself, developing excellent boundaries, and connecting with your inner-wisdom. You are unique and so is your therapy process, so we tailor our work together to your specific needs and goals. I serve empaths and highly sensitive people, supporting you in coming home to who you really are. Internal Family Systems. LGBTQ+. Somatic. Check out my TEDx talk via my website!
With compassion, presence and warmth, I am here to be your partner and guide on your growth journey. I partner with you to heal emotional trauma and gain self-acceptance through my specialized mind-body approach. I support you through healing limiting beliefs about yourself, developing excellent boundaries, and connecting with your inner-wisdom. You are unique and so is your therapy process, so we tailor our work together to your specific needs and goals. I serve empaths and highly sensitive people, supporting you in coming home to who you really are. Internal Family Systems. LGBTQ+. Somatic. Check out my TEDx talk via my website!
(925) 268-7763 View (925) 268-7763
Photo of Elana Luban, Associate Clinical Social Worker in 94597, CA
Elana Luban
Associate Clinical Social Worker, ACSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Walnut Creek, CA 94597  (Online Only)
Hi there! I'm a queer therapist in the Bay Area who's passionate about providing individualized treatment to fit my clients' specific needs and goals. I've worked in mental health for the past six years and have most recently enjoyed working at the wonderful telehealth intensive outpatient program (IOP) Lionrock Recovery as well as the private practice Flower of Life Therapy, where I am supervised by its founder Elizabeth “Davi” Pettit, LMFT. I am also a Ketamine Assisted Psychotherapy (KAP) and EMDR provider, and offer virtual KAP and EMDR sessions. I look forward to getting to know you and your story!
Hi there! I'm a queer therapist in the Bay Area who's passionate about providing individualized treatment to fit my clients' specific needs and goals. I've worked in mental health for the past six years and have most recently enjoyed working at the wonderful telehealth intensive outpatient program (IOP) Lionrock Recovery as well as the private practice Flower of Life Therapy, where I am supervised by its founder Elizabeth “Davi” Pettit, LMFT. I am also a Ketamine Assisted Psychotherapy (KAP) and EMDR provider, and offer virtual KAP and EMDR sessions. I look forward to getting to know you and your story!
(925) 477-2725 View (925) 477-2725

See more therapy options for 94597

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 94597

100+

Average cost per session

$175

Therapists in 94597 who prioritize treating:

92% Anxiety
89% Depression
73% Trauma and PTSD
72% Relationship Issues
65% Life Transitions
61% Grief
61% Self Esteem

Average years in practice

13 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

79% Aetna
58% Anthem | Elevance
54% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in 94597 see their clients

67% In Person and Online
33% Online Only

Gender breakdown

81% Female
19% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 94597?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.