Therapists in 94117

Photo of Rebecca Small, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 94117, CA
Rebecca Small
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
San Francisco, CA 94117
My name is Rebecca Small. I am a licensed clinical social worker (LCSW) from Los Angeles. I believe in taking an individualized approach with every client and tailoring therapy to your individual needs. I believe in meeting my clients where they are and providing a warm and safe space for them to work through what they are ready to. I focus on changing thoughts and behaviors as well as increasing utilization of positive coping skills to help improve your overall functioning and enhance your quality of life!
My name is Rebecca Small. I am a licensed clinical social worker (LCSW) from Los Angeles. I believe in taking an individualized approach with every client and tailoring therapy to your individual needs. I believe in meeting my clients where they are and providing a warm and safe space for them to work through what they are ready to. I focus on changing thoughts and behaviors as well as increasing utilization of positive coping skills to help improve your overall functioning and enhance your quality of life!
(415) 942-8389 View (415) 942-8389
Photo of Stephan Charbit, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in 94117, CA
Stephan Charbit
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, AMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Francisco, CA 94117
Hello. I’m Stephan, and I’m a trauma-informed, relational psychotherapist based in San Francisco. I help people who struggle with depression, anxiety and relationship issues by helping them understand and work with their underlying patterns, so that they can reconnect with their true selves. I particularly enjoy working with people in the technology and design industries; as well as people from multicultural or international backgrounds. I am currently accepting clients for online psychotherapy. Please get in touch for a free 15-minute consultation
Hello. I’m Stephan, and I’m a trauma-informed, relational psychotherapist based in San Francisco. I help people who struggle with depression, anxiety and relationship issues by helping them understand and work with their underlying patterns, so that they can reconnect with their true selves. I particularly enjoy working with people in the technology and design industries; as well as people from multicultural or international backgrounds. I am currently accepting clients for online psychotherapy. Please get in touch for a free 15-minute consultation
(415) 936-0073 View (415) 936-0073
Photo of Valerie Crawford, Psychologist in 94117, CA
Valerie Crawford
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
San Francisco, CA 94117
I work with my clients in a supportive and engaged way to achieve real personal growth and confidence. I help clients heal anxiety, depression, and relationship struggles and unhealthy patterns. I believe we all have within us what we need to flourish -- a nurturing therapeutic relationship can unlock your capacity to heal and thrive. With the support you've been longing for, you can feel better and more confident, more connected in your relationships, and be more successful. I use a variety of evidence-based approaches, depending on clients' needs. My orientation is relational, experiential, based in brain science.
I work with my clients in a supportive and engaged way to achieve real personal growth and confidence. I help clients heal anxiety, depression, and relationship struggles and unhealthy patterns. I believe we all have within us what we need to flourish -- a nurturing therapeutic relationship can unlock your capacity to heal and thrive. With the support you've been longing for, you can feel better and more confident, more connected in your relationships, and be more successful. I use a variety of evidence-based approaches, depending on clients' needs. My orientation is relational, experiential, based in brain science.
(415) 390-2872 View (415) 390-2872
Photo of Pamela Lopez, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 94117, CA
Pamela Lopez
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
San Francisco, CA 94117
We are currently surviving, learning to navigate our lives during a health crisis. With such a fast pace, I deeply believe therapy provides us the container to check in with ourselves and find that moment to catch up. I invite you to give yourself the gift of three deep breaths - inhale deeply and exhale slowly letting something go repeat another two times. No matter what brings you into therapy, I aim to create a safe space alongside you. Every person is an expert on their own lives and I am here to simply help as WE discover and learn the tools to live a life that feels most authentic to YOU.
We are currently surviving, learning to navigate our lives during a health crisis. With such a fast pace, I deeply believe therapy provides us the container to check in with ourselves and find that moment to catch up. I invite you to give yourself the gift of three deep breaths - inhale deeply and exhale slowly letting something go repeat another two times. No matter what brings you into therapy, I aim to create a safe space alongside you. Every person is an expert on their own lives and I am here to simply help as WE discover and learn the tools to live a life that feels most authentic to YOU.
(415) 366-3970 View (415) 366-3970
Photo of Anna Sapozhnikova, Psychologist in 94117, CA
Anna Sapozhnikova
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Francisco, CA 94117
I am a licensed psychologist specializing in assessment and psychotherapy with adults as well as older adolescents and their families. I provide long- and short-term therapy to individuals struggling with a wide range of concerns including depression, anxiety, anger, trauma, life transitions and relationship difficulties. I also provide comprehensive psychological evaluations (e.g., cognitive functioning; diagnostic clarification). My approach to treatment involves bringing together evidence based emotion-focused, cognitive-behavioral, and relational interventions in order to best support the unique needs and goals of my clients.
I am a licensed psychologist specializing in assessment and psychotherapy with adults as well as older adolescents and their families. I provide long- and short-term therapy to individuals struggling with a wide range of concerns including depression, anxiety, anger, trauma, life transitions and relationship difficulties. I also provide comprehensive psychological evaluations (e.g., cognitive functioning; diagnostic clarification). My approach to treatment involves bringing together evidence based emotion-focused, cognitive-behavioral, and relational interventions in order to best support the unique needs and goals of my clients.
(415) 993-9747 View (415) 993-9747
Photo of Sophia Boissevain, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in 94117, CA
Sophia Boissevain
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, AMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Francisco, CA 94117
You’re not sure why you’ve been feeling so overwhelmed and down on yourself because you’ve worked hard to get where you are now. You’re a rock for many people in your life yet it feels so hard to find help when you need it. It's terrifying to think that you could always feel this way. If you’re struggling in your relationships, emotions feel out of control, or maybe your gut just is telling you that something is off, I’m here to help you create movement in your life. You’ve taken an important step already by beginning to look for help. Therapy can be the space where you figure out what's lacking and finally feel seen and understood.
You’re not sure why you’ve been feeling so overwhelmed and down on yourself because you’ve worked hard to get where you are now. You’re a rock for many people in your life yet it feels so hard to find help when you need it. It's terrifying to think that you could always feel this way. If you’re struggling in your relationships, emotions feel out of control, or maybe your gut just is telling you that something is off, I’m here to help you create movement in your life. You’ve taken an important step already by beginning to look for help. Therapy can be the space where you figure out what's lacking and finally feel seen and understood.
(415) 921-9043 View (415) 921-9043
Photo of Thasja Hoffman, Marriage & Family Therapist in 94117, CA
Thasja Hoffman
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Francisco, CA 94117
Hello, my name is Thasja Hoffmann, I am an LMFT & LPCC trauma-focused therapist. I have had over 20 years of experience, and I still feel very passionate about what I do. My main approach to therapy is to slow your experience down and help you notice what you are experiencing through Meta-awareness modalities and Mindfulness. I also find Somatic and EMDR approaches very helpful in processing information. My foundation in how I work comes from Humanistic/ Existential Psychology.
Hello, my name is Thasja Hoffmann, I am an LMFT & LPCC trauma-focused therapist. I have had over 20 years of experience, and I still feel very passionate about what I do. My main approach to therapy is to slow your experience down and help you notice what you are experiencing through Meta-awareness modalities and Mindfulness. I also find Somatic and EMDR approaches very helpful in processing information. My foundation in how I work comes from Humanistic/ Existential Psychology.
(415) 429-2839 View (415) 429-2839
Photo of Khaliun Jargalsaikhan, Marriage & Family Therapist in 94117, CA
Khaliun Jargalsaikhan
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Francisco, CA 94117
In my practice, I strive to create relationships with my clients that foster their growth and help them achieve their full potential. I value empathy and unconditional positive regard toward my clients. Understanding is called for when someone is hurting, confused, anxious, alienated, or doubtful of their self-worth. The gentle, empathic approach provides insight and healing. I respect the courage and vulnerability to come to therapy and try to take good care of my client's trust in me.
In my practice, I strive to create relationships with my clients that foster their growth and help them achieve their full potential. I value empathy and unconditional positive regard toward my clients. Understanding is called for when someone is hurting, confused, anxious, alienated, or doubtful of their self-worth. The gentle, empathic approach provides insight and healing. I respect the courage and vulnerability to come to therapy and try to take good care of my client's trust in me.
(415) 684-9186 View (415) 684-9186
Photo of Dr. Luke Allen, Psychologist in 94117, CA
Dr. Luke Allen
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Francisco, CA 94117  (Online Only)
My approach to therapy is based on Acceptance & Commitment Therapy (ACT). A core idea in ACT is that trying too hard to get rid of or control our emotions tends to backfire. Instead of trying to get rid of unwanted thoughts and feelings (e.g., anxiety & depression), I will help you learn to react differently to them so that you can keep your focus on living a meaningful and fulfilling life based on what’s important to you. We will work together to set meaningful goals to address your concerns–whether they relate to life transitions, depression, anxiety, body image, grief/loss, job or academic stress, or gender & sexuality.
My approach to therapy is based on Acceptance & Commitment Therapy (ACT). A core idea in ACT is that trying too hard to get rid of or control our emotions tends to backfire. Instead of trying to get rid of unwanted thoughts and feelings (e.g., anxiety & depression), I will help you learn to react differently to them so that you can keep your focus on living a meaningful and fulfilling life based on what’s important to you. We will work together to set meaningful goals to address your concerns–whether they relate to life transitions, depression, anxiety, body image, grief/loss, job or academic stress, or gender & sexuality.
(341) 895-5594 View (341) 895-5594
Photo of Bay Area Gestalt Institute, Marriage & Family Therapist in 94117, CA
Bay Area Gestalt Institute
Marriage & Family Therapist, MFT
Verified Verified
16 Endorsed
San Francisco, CA 94117
We are Bay Area Gestalt Institute (BAGI), a non-profit collective of highly trained marriage and family therapists and associates, providing affordable psychotherapy throughout the Bay Area. We offer counseling to individuals, couples, families, and children. Our work is active, creative and holistic. Our therapists work with a variety of issues including: * Relationship Issues * Anxiety * Depression * LGBTQI Concerns * Trauma * Substance Use / Abuse * Eating Disorders * Spiritual * Personal Growth * Integration of Non-Ordinary States
We are Bay Area Gestalt Institute (BAGI), a non-profit collective of highly trained marriage and family therapists and associates, providing affordable psychotherapy throughout the Bay Area. We offer counseling to individuals, couples, families, and children. Our work is active, creative and holistic. Our therapists work with a variety of issues including: * Relationship Issues * Anxiety * Depression * LGBTQI Concerns * Trauma * Substance Use / Abuse * Eating Disorders * Spiritual * Personal Growth * Integration of Non-Ordinary States
(415) 969-3361 View (415) 969-3361
Photo of Kirsten S Hagen, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 94117, CA
Kirsten S Hagen
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
San Francisco, CA 94117  (Online Only)
Our relationships with the people we care for most impact every moment of our day-to-day lives. The more we know ourselves, the better we can show up in our relationships. I help clients understand their interpersonal relationship dynamics, family systems, attachment styles, and, most importantly, their relationship with themselves. I've worked with clients to build confidence by deepening their understanding of emotions, communication styles, and self-love. I've also supported clients in negotiating how past trauma impacts their present lives and integrating those experiences.
Our relationships with the people we care for most impact every moment of our day-to-day lives. The more we know ourselves, the better we can show up in our relationships. I help clients understand their interpersonal relationship dynamics, family systems, attachment styles, and, most importantly, their relationship with themselves. I've worked with clients to build confidence by deepening their understanding of emotions, communication styles, and self-love. I've also supported clients in negotiating how past trauma impacts their present lives and integrating those experiences.
(415) 534-4394 View (415) 534-4394
Photo of Stephen Buehler, Marriage & Family Therapist in 94117, CA
Stephen Buehler
Marriage & Family Therapist, MFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Francisco, CA 94117  (Online Only)
In my private practice I work with individuals, couples and families. I help individuals feel more personal freedom, alignment and ease in relation to stressors and dilemmas. I help couples connect with deeper clarity, intimacy & autonomy. I specialize in psychotherapy for healthcare workers, particularly physicians and nurses, to address burnout, emotional exhaustion, and workplace dynamics. I've also worked extensively with couples, family and those suffering from anxiety, panic, dissociation.
In my private practice I work with individuals, couples and families. I help individuals feel more personal freedom, alignment and ease in relation to stressors and dilemmas. I help couples connect with deeper clarity, intimacy & autonomy. I specialize in psychotherapy for healthcare workers, particularly physicians and nurses, to address burnout, emotional exhaustion, and workplace dynamics. I've also worked extensively with couples, family and those suffering from anxiety, panic, dissociation.
(707) 988-5834 View (707) 988-5834
Photo of Lisa Serrano, Marriage & Family Therapist in 94117, CA
Lisa Serrano
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Francisco, CA 94117  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
I typically work with adults who come into therapy feeling uncomfortable and unsure. Many of my clients experience anxiety, notice that they might feel things more intensely than others, and are feeling out of place in a few different parts of their lives. I notice that these feelings are often accompanied by a sense of disembodiment - an uncertainty about how one's body reflects how they feel or a detachment from one's body, which causes great distress. Often, traumatic experiences have impacted the mind, body, and inner experiences of my clients and support is needed to explore these areas and to begin the healing process.
I typically work with adults who come into therapy feeling uncomfortable and unsure. Many of my clients experience anxiety, notice that they might feel things more intensely than others, and are feeling out of place in a few different parts of their lives. I notice that these feelings are often accompanied by a sense of disembodiment - an uncertainty about how one's body reflects how they feel or a detachment from one's body, which causes great distress. Often, traumatic experiences have impacted the mind, body, and inner experiences of my clients and support is needed to explore these areas and to begin the healing process.
(415) 996-1385 View (415) 996-1385
Photo of Saunders Moore, Marriage & Family Therapist in 94117, CA
Saunders Moore
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
San Francisco, CA 94117  (Online Only)
You are so sick of feeling shame or worry about what others think. What you want is to feel more present and empowered in your life. Despite being career-driven, successful, and independent life is hard. Right now you may be experiencing insecurity, perfectionism, and self-doubt. You’re tired of going through the motions in life and want to connect with your truth and vitality. You need some guidance and aren’t sure where to start. You want to feel more authentic in your life, manage stress, and have better relationships.
You are so sick of feeling shame or worry about what others think. What you want is to feel more present and empowered in your life. Despite being career-driven, successful, and independent life is hard. Right now you may be experiencing insecurity, perfectionism, and self-doubt. You’re tired of going through the motions in life and want to connect with your truth and vitality. You need some guidance and aren’t sure where to start. You want to feel more authentic in your life, manage stress, and have better relationships.
(510) 937-3843 View (510) 937-3843
Photo of Genevieve Walker, Marriage & Family Therapist in 94117, CA
Genevieve Walker
Marriage & Family Therapist
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Francisco, CA 94117
Welcome. Perhaps you are seeking out therapy to help manage a crisis or maybe you finally have enough stability in your life to work on deeper issues? As a psychotherapist, I meet my clients where they are and offer the support most suited for their needs. In my practice, I work with everything from artistic blocks, anxiety, depression and relationship issues to severe trauma, grief, addiction and existential unrest.
Welcome. Perhaps you are seeking out therapy to help manage a crisis or maybe you finally have enough stability in your life to work on deeper issues? As a psychotherapist, I meet my clients where they are and offer the support most suited for their needs. In my practice, I work with everything from artistic blocks, anxiety, depression and relationship issues to severe trauma, grief, addiction and existential unrest.
(415) 942-2640 View (415) 942-2640
Photo of Alpine Behavioral Health/Headway, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 94117, CA
Alpine Behavioral Health/Headway
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, CADC II
Verified Verified
San Francisco, CA 94117  (Online Only)
Joseph has extensive experience treating depression, anxiety, ADHD, substance use disorders and working with the LGBTQIA+ community.
Joseph has extensive experience treating depression, anxiety, ADHD, substance use disorders and working with the LGBTQIA+ community.
(415) 903-1609 View (415) 903-1609
Photo of Loryn Hicks, Marriage & Family Therapist in 94117, CA
Loryn Hicks
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Francisco, CA 94117  (Online Only)
I offer warmth and love created by a safe and welcoming environment. I have a passion for working with those who have been told they are “too much”. From working with teens and families to those struggling through trauma or grief, I am here. I work with intersectionality and identity, cultural explorations and difficulties, as well as difference and sensitivity. I have worked extensively with those with eating struggles. I have worked in restorative justice and enjoy working with the formerly incarcerated, Please ask me anything
I offer warmth and love created by a safe and welcoming environment. I have a passion for working with those who have been told they are “too much”. From working with teens and families to those struggling through trauma or grief, I am here. I work with intersectionality and identity, cultural explorations and difficulties, as well as difference and sensitivity. I have worked extensively with those with eating struggles. I have worked in restorative justice and enjoy working with the formerly incarcerated, Please ask me anything
(415) 831-7691 View (415) 831-7691
Photo of Claire Morrison, Marriage & Family Therapist in 94117, CA
Claire Morrison
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, LPCC
Verified Verified
5 Endorsed
San Francisco, CA 94117  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
Hi, I'm Claire, a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist with a passion for connecting with humans like you. I view therapy as an intricate piece of your wellness routine, kind of like skincare for your mind. As your therapist I will be real, direct and provide you with a safe space to feel understood (I'll use a lot of humor too). I believe in the power of validation and the need to release our most inner thoughts to maintain our mental health and a positive outlook on life; together we can fuel yours.
Hi, I'm Claire, a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist with a passion for connecting with humans like you. I view therapy as an intricate piece of your wellness routine, kind of like skincare for your mind. As your therapist I will be real, direct and provide you with a safe space to feel understood (I'll use a lot of humor too). I believe in the power of validation and the need to release our most inner thoughts to maintain our mental health and a positive outlook on life; together we can fuel yours.
(707) 582-0755 View (707) 582-0755
Photo of Amanda Throckmorton, Marriage & Family Therapist in 94117, CA
Amanda Throckmorton
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Francisco, CA 94117  (Online Only)
Therapy is a way of connecting to yourself and exploring your challenges in a safe and collaborative way. I understand the bravery it takes to show up in your vulnerability and I aim to provide a safe, non-judgmental, and compassionate space that cultivates courage over comfort in our work. As a somatic psychotherapist, I like to offer a space for the body and mind to connect. My work is also influenced by humanistic, relational, and psychodynamic modalities tailored to support your unique individual needs.
Therapy is a way of connecting to yourself and exploring your challenges in a safe and collaborative way. I understand the bravery it takes to show up in your vulnerability and I aim to provide a safe, non-judgmental, and compassionate space that cultivates courage over comfort in our work. As a somatic psychotherapist, I like to offer a space for the body and mind to connect. My work is also influenced by humanistic, relational, and psychodynamic modalities tailored to support your unique individual needs.
(415) 329-3550 View (415) 329-3550
Photo of Tomomi Yamada Rector, Marriage & Family Therapist in 94117, CA
Tomomi Yamada Rector
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, MFT, LPCC
Verified Verified
San Francisco, CA 94117
I am an interactive, solution-focused therapist. I provide support and practical feedback to help clients effectively address personal life challenges. My clients describe me "DIFFERENT" and "EFFECTIVE". I will help you uncover your true potential and lead a life that is worth celebrating. While we can't change difficult situations of the past, we can work together to better understand and resolve challenges in your life.
I am an interactive, solution-focused therapist. I provide support and practical feedback to help clients effectively address personal life challenges. My clients describe me "DIFFERENT" and "EFFECTIVE". I will help you uncover your true potential and lead a life that is worth celebrating. While we can't change difficult situations of the past, we can work together to better understand and resolve challenges in your life.
(415) 813-6485 View (415) 813-6485

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 94117

300+

Average cost per session

$200

Therapists in 94117 who prioritize treating:

95% Anxiety
87% Relationship Issues
86% Depression
81% Self Esteem
72% Trauma and PTSD
67% Grief
66% Life Transitions

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

69% Aetna
55% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
50% Optum

How Therapists in 94117 see their clients

66% In Person and Online
34% Online Only

Gender breakdown

72% Female
26% Male
2% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 94117?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.