Photo of Steven Zlutnick, PhD, Psychologist
Steven Zlutnick
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Francisco, CA 94108  (Online Only)
I have been a behavior therapist for over 40 years. I specialize in short term, problem oriented therapy, with goals generated together with the client. I try to combine a compassionate, caring, common sense approach to problems encountered in daily life with evidenced-based cognitive behavioral therapy techniques. I am Professor Emeritus of Counseling Psychology at the University of San Francisco and on the Allied Professional Staff at California Pacific Medical Center in San Francisco. I have been training psychologists, psychiatrists and other therapists in behavior therapy for nearly 40 years and have published widely in behavior therapy and behavioral medicine.
I have been a behavior therapist for over 40 years. I specialize in short term, problem oriented therapy, with goals generated together with the client. I try to combine a compassionate, caring, common sense approach to problems encountered in daily life with evidenced-based cognitive behavioral therapy techniques. I am Professor Emeritus of Counseling Psychology at the University of San Francisco and on the Allied Professional Staff at California Pacific Medical Center in San Francisco. I have been training psychologists, psychiatrists and other therapists in behavior therapy for nearly 40 years and have published widely in behavior therapy and behavioral medicine.
(415) 816-1855 View (415) 816-1855
Photo of Kathleen Louise Someah, PhD, Psychologist
Kathleen Louise Someah
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
San Francisco, CA 94108
I am especially passionate about treating eating disorders. I see clients of varying age groups with a particular focus on adolescents, transitional age youth and young adults. Changing one's behaviors and psychological states is a process and I aim to meet clients where they are at in terms of their readiness for change. In addition to specific graduate training and many years working at Stanford Health's inpatient eating disorder unit, I also have lived experience dealing with disordered eating, and find that my own recovery journey benefits clients and serves as a reminder that recovery is attainable.
I am especially passionate about treating eating disorders. I see clients of varying age groups with a particular focus on adolescents, transitional age youth and young adults. Changing one's behaviors and psychological states is a process and I aim to meet clients where they are at in terms of their readiness for change. In addition to specific graduate training and many years working at Stanford Health's inpatient eating disorder unit, I also have lived experience dealing with disordered eating, and find that my own recovery journey benefits clients and serves as a reminder that recovery is attainable.
(628) 200-4079 View (628) 200-4079
Photo of Elise Yoshida, PsyD, Psychologist
Elise Yoshida
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
San Francisco, CA 94108  (Online Only)
Life is so stressful, that anxiety can feel like a constant companion highlighting worry after worry. I can help you see life and yourself differently by teaching you skills that are supported by research. My specialty is helping people address their anxiety symptoms, cope with stress, and change their relationship to worry by using evidence-based practices (CBT, DBT, ACT, and mindfulness). I strive to create a supportive therapeutic relationship with my genuine, compassionate, and culturally responsive style. Together, we will work as a team to reach your goals so that you feel empowered to take on stressors.
Life is so stressful, that anxiety can feel like a constant companion highlighting worry after worry. I can help you see life and yourself differently by teaching you skills that are supported by research. My specialty is helping people address their anxiety symptoms, cope with stress, and change their relationship to worry by using evidence-based practices (CBT, DBT, ACT, and mindfulness). I strive to create a supportive therapeutic relationship with my genuine, compassionate, and culturally responsive style. Together, we will work as a team to reach your goals so that you feel empowered to take on stressors.
(562) 451-8470 View (562) 451-8470
Photo of Julia Craddolph, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Julia Craddolph
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
San Francisco, CA 94108  (Online Only)
Hi my name is Julia! I provide couples therapy online/virtually in California via zoom. I believe that therapy should be challenging but also fun. I love to help couples feel more connected through vulnerable expression of emotions and communication skills. Did you know that improving your emotional connection to your partner can also improve your sex life? Let’s work on strengthening your safest relationships, and getting you the love you deserve.
Hi my name is Julia! I provide couples therapy online/virtually in California via zoom. I believe that therapy should be challenging but also fun. I love to help couples feel more connected through vulnerable expression of emotions and communication skills. Did you know that improving your emotional connection to your partner can also improve your sex life? Let’s work on strengthening your safest relationships, and getting you the love you deserve.
(562) 784-5411 View (562) 784-5411
Photo of Debbie Grace P Lugtu, LMFT, MA, Marriage & Family Therapist
Debbie Grace P Lugtu
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, MA
Verified Verified
San Francisco, CA 94108  (Online Only)
Are you making the same choices that seem to be feeding into a narrative? Do you find yourself stuck in the same pattern? Hello, my name is Debbie. I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist. I love working with clients who are introspective and want to get to know themselves better.
Are you making the same choices that seem to be feeding into a narrative? Do you find yourself stuck in the same pattern? Hello, my name is Debbie. I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist. I love working with clients who are introspective and want to get to know themselves better.
(949) 732-0074 View (949) 732-0074
Photo of Alyssa Casimiro, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Alyssa Casimiro
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Francisco, CA 94108  (Online Only)
I work with AAPI Millennial and Generation Z women grappling with anxiety and imposter syndrome. My mission is to empower you to reclaim self-confidence, discover clarity, and embrace your authentic selves. Whether you're navigating life transitions or seeking to explore generational trauma and family patterns, I'm here to provide support and guidance every step of the way. With a profound connection to Guam, the birthplace of my parents, I'm rooted in the rich tapestry of Chamoru culture, fostering a deep appreciation for the values of community and family.
I work with AAPI Millennial and Generation Z women grappling with anxiety and imposter syndrome. My mission is to empower you to reclaim self-confidence, discover clarity, and embrace your authentic selves. Whether you're navigating life transitions or seeking to explore generational trauma and family patterns, I'm here to provide support and guidance every step of the way. With a profound connection to Guam, the birthplace of my parents, I'm rooted in the rich tapestry of Chamoru culture, fostering a deep appreciation for the values of community and family.
(925) 744-6216 x4 View (925) 744-6216 x4
Photo of Inthanong (Nook) Basto, LCSW, 81913, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Inthanong (Nook) Basto
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, 81913
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Francisco, CA 94108  (Online Only)
Do you put the needs of others above your own? Do you have a hard time saying no and setting boundaries in your personal and professional life? Do you feel burned out and overworked? If so, you have come to the right place to reclaim yourself and start setting boundaries and a self cafe plan for You. Because YOU matter. It's like the airline announcements about putting on your oxygen mask first before helping others. You have to take care of your self first, before you can take care of others. Let's make YOURSELF a Priority. How can I help you reclaim your self?
Do you put the needs of others above your own? Do you have a hard time saying no and setting boundaries in your personal and professional life? Do you feel burned out and overworked? If so, you have come to the right place to reclaim yourself and start setting boundaries and a self cafe plan for You. Because YOU matter. It's like the airline announcements about putting on your oxygen mask first before helping others. You have to take care of your self first, before you can take care of others. Let's make YOURSELF a Priority. How can I help you reclaim your self?
(925) 744-8857 x2 View (925) 744-8857 x2
Photo of Susan Regan, MS, MFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Susan Regan
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, MFT
Verified Verified
San Francisco, CA 94108  (Online Only)
Susan, a seasoned divorce and family therapist, co-parenting and family mediator, invites individuals facing challenges in co-parenting, divorce or building healthy dating relationships to join her online support groups. In these confidential and empathetic spaces, participants can share experiences, gain insights from Susan, and connect with their peers. Susan's groups cater to specific needs, offering expert-led sessions, personal coaching, strategies, and ongoing support to empower clients on their unique journeys.
Susan, a seasoned divorce and family therapist, co-parenting and family mediator, invites individuals facing challenges in co-parenting, divorce or building healthy dating relationships to join her online support groups. In these confidential and empathetic spaces, participants can share experiences, gain insights from Susan, and connect with their peers. Susan's groups cater to specific needs, offering expert-led sessions, personal coaching, strategies, and ongoing support to empower clients on their unique journeys.
(415) 800-1185 View (415) 800-1185
Photo of Reina Lynn Peterson, MA, AMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate
Reina Lynn Peterson
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MA, AMFT
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
San Francisco, CA 94108
Welcome! I’m so glad you’re here. My name is Reina, and I am an integrative, holistic psychotherapist based in downtown San Francisco, California. I offer in-person services in San Francisco, as well as virtually throughout California. I work individually with adults of all ages, adolescents, and couples, and I run groups throughout the year. I tailor your sessions to your unique needs, drawing from various techniques and theories to support your innate wisdom and capacity for growth. I offer a free 20 minute phone or video consultation to see if we're a good fit. I look forward to hearing from you!
Welcome! I’m so glad you’re here. My name is Reina, and I am an integrative, holistic psychotherapist based in downtown San Francisco, California. I offer in-person services in San Francisco, as well as virtually throughout California. I work individually with adults of all ages, adolescents, and couples, and I run groups throughout the year. I tailor your sessions to your unique needs, drawing from various techniques and theories to support your innate wisdom and capacity for growth. I offer a free 20 minute phone or video consultation to see if we're a good fit. I look forward to hearing from you!
(415) 625-5891 View (415) 625-5891
Louise Evette Robinson
Marriage & Family Therapist, MFT
Verified Verified
San Francisco, CA 94108
I work with individuals, couples, and families, on facilitating communication, conflict resolution, and often healing old wounds from childhood that cause difficulties in present relationships. I also work with children and their families on parenting issues. I work with couples having infertility issues and adoption.
I work with individuals, couples, and families, on facilitating communication, conflict resolution, and often healing old wounds from childhood that cause difficulties in present relationships. I also work with children and their families on parenting issues. I work with couples having infertility issues and adoption.
(415) 787-2991 View (415) 787-2991
Photo of Anushka R Patel, PhD, Psychologist
Anushka R Patel
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Francisco, CA 94108  (Online Only)
Hey there. I am a clinical psychologist and I am based at Harvard for my post-dpctoral research. I have worked with women, veterans, children, LGBTQAI+ people for assessment and therapy. I am trained in cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and many other evidence-based treatments. I can help you set goals, explore deeper issues, make real-life changes, and start to feel better in fewer sessions than long-term therapy models. Email me to set up a free call to learn more!
Hey there. I am a clinical psychologist and I am based at Harvard for my post-dpctoral research. I have worked with women, veterans, children, LGBTQAI+ people for assessment and therapy. I am trained in cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and many other evidence-based treatments. I can help you set goals, explore deeper issues, make real-life changes, and start to feel better in fewer sessions than long-term therapy models. Email me to set up a free call to learn more!
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Photo of Erica Antoinette Nocera, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Erica Antoinette Nocera
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
San Francisco, CA 94108  (Online Only)
Hi! I'm Erica, a warm, empathetic, and open Marriage and Family Therapist that helps clients find their purpose, heal, and thrive! I'd love to be your guide to holistic healing and transformation. With expertise in trauma- rooted anxiety and depression, recovery counseling with addictions, and women’s issues including body image, low self esteem, and eating disorders, I'll help teach you evidence-based tools to reframe thoughts and regulate emotions, as well as explore root causes for symptom management. Let's empower you to achieve resilience and personal growth, leading to a healthier and happier future:)
Hi! I'm Erica, a warm, empathetic, and open Marriage and Family Therapist that helps clients find their purpose, heal, and thrive! I'd love to be your guide to holistic healing and transformation. With expertise in trauma- rooted anxiety and depression, recovery counseling with addictions, and women’s issues including body image, low self esteem, and eating disorders, I'll help teach you evidence-based tools to reframe thoughts and regulate emotions, as well as explore root causes for symptom management. Let's empower you to achieve resilience and personal growth, leading to a healthier and happier future:)
(949) 704-6606 View (949) 704-6606
Photo of undefined - Vickie Vann, LCSW, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Vickie Vann, LCSW
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
San Francisco, CA 94108
After over 25 years as a therapist I have pulled together what I have found to be the most effective methods to create change. My approach is interactive, respectful and down-to-earth. When we meet, I will listen carefully, help you clarify your feelings and help you figure out what you can do to make your situation better. We will form specific, achievable goals and our work will be about attaining those goals.
After over 25 years as a therapist I have pulled together what I have found to be the most effective methods to create change. My approach is interactive, respectful and down-to-earth. When we meet, I will listen carefully, help you clarify your feelings and help you figure out what you can do to make your situation better. We will form specific, achievable goals and our work will be about attaining those goals.
(415) 967-5234 View (415) 967-5234
Photo of Christy Tadros, LPCC
Christy Tadros
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, LPCC
Verified Verified
San Francisco, CA 94108
During this challenging time it is normal to be experiencing some anxiety, nervousness or restlessness. Being home and having major changes in routines can be disorienting for many and trigger impairing mental health conditions. I am offering Telehealth sessions to support people in maintaining mental, emotional and physical health. I provide evidence-based therapeutic approaches that are holistic and multiculturally sensitive.
During this challenging time it is normal to be experiencing some anxiety, nervousness or restlessness. Being home and having major changes in routines can be disorienting for many and trigger impairing mental health conditions. I am offering Telehealth sessions to support people in maintaining mental, emotional and physical health. I provide evidence-based therapeutic approaches that are holistic and multiculturally sensitive.
(628) 266-4174 View (628) 266-4174
Photo of Nicole Abeleda, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Nicole Abeleda
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Francisco, CA 94108  (Online Only)
Hello there! I'm Nicole "Nikki" Abeleda, and I'm thrilled to connect with you. I proudly identify as a First-Generation Queer Filipinx, embracing she/they/siya pronouns. If you’re navigating the intricate intersection of mental health and identity as an LGBTQIA+, BIPOC individual, remember you’re not alone. My ideal client is someone prepared to embark on a journey of self-discovery and healing. I collaborate with those recognizing the significance of their unique narrative, eager to (re)imagine their space in the world.
Hello there! I'm Nicole "Nikki" Abeleda, and I'm thrilled to connect with you. I proudly identify as a First-Generation Queer Filipinx, embracing she/they/siya pronouns. If you’re navigating the intricate intersection of mental health and identity as an LGBTQIA+, BIPOC individual, remember you’re not alone. My ideal client is someone prepared to embark on a journey of self-discovery and healing. I collaborate with those recognizing the significance of their unique narrative, eager to (re)imagine their space in the world.
(925) 678-6511 View (925) 678-6511
Photo of Dr. Christina M. Charlotin, PsyD, Psychologist
Dr. Christina M. Charlotin
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Francisco, CA 94108
In our work together, my intention is to help you break away from the maladaptive thought patterns, emotions, actions, and external circumstances that keep you stuck in an unwanted experience. My goal is to help you create progress towards the life you do want for yourself. I’ll want to understand the changes you’d like to see in yourself. With this in mind, I’ll want to identify the behaviors you’d like to demonstrate, the lasting emotions you’d like to feel, and the outcomes you’d like to see present themselves in your life. With that information, we'll set the overall goals for therapy. Now providing Psychedelic Assisted Therapy.
In our work together, my intention is to help you break away from the maladaptive thought patterns, emotions, actions, and external circumstances that keep you stuck in an unwanted experience. My goal is to help you create progress towards the life you do want for yourself. I’ll want to understand the changes you’d like to see in yourself. With this in mind, I’ll want to identify the behaviors you’d like to demonstrate, the lasting emotions you’d like to feel, and the outcomes you’d like to see present themselves in your life. With that information, we'll set the overall goals for therapy. Now providing Psychedelic Assisted Therapy.
(628) 201-6946 View (628) 201-6946
Photo of Rochelle Frehling, PsyD, Psychologist
Rochelle Frehling
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
San Francisco, CA 94108
Therapy can be a useful tool to help you more effectively regulate your emotions and help you have healthier relationships. Through the therapeutic relationship you can learn skills to become more resistant to stress, build up your self resiliency and learn about how to rework self defeating patterns. I want to help you find your growth edge, support you in learning how to better yourself, help you to make better choices and help stop perpetuating unhealthy cycles. Sometimes, because of things we have gone through in our past we learn protective strategies that end up keeping you stuck.
Therapy can be a useful tool to help you more effectively regulate your emotions and help you have healthier relationships. Through the therapeutic relationship you can learn skills to become more resistant to stress, build up your self resiliency and learn about how to rework self defeating patterns. I want to help you find your growth edge, support you in learning how to better yourself, help you to make better choices and help stop perpetuating unhealthy cycles. Sometimes, because of things we have gone through in our past we learn protective strategies that end up keeping you stuck.
(805) 265-4546 View (805) 265-4546
Photo of Dr. Wonbin Jung, PhD, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Dr. Wonbin Jung
Marriage & Family Therapist, PhD, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Francisco, CA 94108  (Online Only)
With over 8 years of experience supporting queer couples and Asian American individuals, I am here to help those experiencing challenges in their relationships. I offer a space for queer and/or Asian couples to understand the cycles of conflict and what keeps them stuck in those cycles. I help couples break unhelpful patterns and create new ways of connection and affection. As to my work with queer individuals, I help clients actualize their preferred identities in all aspects of their lives and process any relational or spiritual traumas that they may have faced throughout their lives.
With over 8 years of experience supporting queer couples and Asian American individuals, I am here to help those experiencing challenges in their relationships. I offer a space for queer and/or Asian couples to understand the cycles of conflict and what keeps them stuck in those cycles. I help couples break unhelpful patterns and create new ways of connection and affection. As to my work with queer individuals, I help clients actualize their preferred identities in all aspects of their lives and process any relational or spiritual traumas that they may have faced throughout their lives.
(628) 244-9567 View (628) 244-9567
Photo of undefined - Pacific Marriage & Family Therapy Network, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Pacific Marriage & Family Therapy Network
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Francisco, CA 94108  (Online Only)
Find your best therapist match with us! We are highly skilled, diverse, well-trained and inclusive therapists. We empower you to live the life you want and do so by creating supportive, caring, and non-judgmental relationships with our clients. We work to provide you with the best care possible and reduce obstacles to care. Additional benefits include a concierge billing service for PPO insurance and a wide range of scheduling options (all weekday and weekend mornings, afternoons, and evenings. We work with children, teens, and adults of all ages as individuals, couples, and families.
Find your best therapist match with us! We are highly skilled, diverse, well-trained and inclusive therapists. We empower you to live the life you want and do so by creating supportive, caring, and non-judgmental relationships with our clients. We work to provide you with the best care possible and reduce obstacles to care. Additional benefits include a concierge billing service for PPO insurance and a wide range of scheduling options (all weekday and weekend mornings, afternoons, and evenings. We work with children, teens, and adults of all ages as individuals, couples, and families.
(628) 299-7866 View (628) 299-7866
Photo of Cindy Herrera, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Cindy Herrera
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Francisco, CA 94108
Do you "have it all" but feel unsatisfied? We live in an era where we grew up being told we could have everything we wanted and many of us had the pressure to "succeed" for our parents/families dreams, however, we are quickly realizing that having everything does not bring us lasting joy and instead burns us out. I am here to help individuals minimize their life to invest their time and energy into what truly matters. When working with me, you’ll find that my style is exploratory and extremely action-oriented while being genuine, honest, and humorous.
Do you "have it all" but feel unsatisfied? We live in an era where we grew up being told we could have everything we wanted and many of us had the pressure to "succeed" for our parents/families dreams, however, we are quickly realizing that having everything does not bring us lasting joy and instead burns us out. I am here to help individuals minimize their life to invest their time and energy into what truly matters. When working with me, you’ll find that my style is exploratory and extremely action-oriented while being genuine, honest, and humorous.
(415) 688-6190 View (415) 688-6190

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 94108

100+

Average cost per session

$200

Therapists in 94108 who prioritize treating:

93% Anxiety
90% Depression
77% Relationship Issues
71% Trauma and PTSD
70% Life Transitions
65% Grief
64% Self Esteem

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

70% Aetna
68% Other
60% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in 94108 see their clients

60% In Person and Online
40% Online Only

Gender breakdown

78% Female
22% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 94108?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.