Photo of Jasey Stetser, APCC
Jasey Stetser
Associate Professional Clinical Counselor, APCC
Verified Verified
Monterey, CA 93940  (Online Only)
I believe that the meaning of life is to tell one’s story. Everyone has a story to tell and we unconsciously share our stories everyday through words, actions, and interactions, despite whether or not someone is listening or willing to put the pieces together. The journey that we each take through life shapes us with each choice, decision, and coping strategy. I chose to become a counselor because I want to listen to those stories and help you to piece your puzzle together. I strive to create a safe space to explore, experiment, understand, and grow into yourself as you would like to become.
I believe that the meaning of life is to tell one’s story. Everyone has a story to tell and we unconsciously share our stories everyday through words, actions, and interactions, despite whether or not someone is listening or willing to put the pieces together. The journey that we each take through life shapes us with each choice, decision, and coping strategy. I chose to become a counselor because I want to listen to those stories and help you to piece your puzzle together. I strive to create a safe space to explore, experiment, understand, and grow into yourself as you would like to become.
(831) 603-5438 View (831) 603-5438
Photo of Maria Carmen Lopez, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Maria Carmen Lopez
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Monterey, CA 93940
Seeking therapy is not easy, and you deserve the support that you’re looking for. I approach therapy from a strengths-based perspective, and my mission is to partner up with motivated individuals looking to improve their quality of life. I spend the first few sessions getting to know you as a person and learning about the issues that brought you to therapy. My job is to listen to you and provide insight and support to help you make sense of what is causing you distress and how we can move forward to help you live a happier and healthier life.
Seeking therapy is not easy, and you deserve the support that you’re looking for. I approach therapy from a strengths-based perspective, and my mission is to partner up with motivated individuals looking to improve their quality of life. I spend the first few sessions getting to know you as a person and learning about the issues that brought you to therapy. My job is to listen to you and provide insight and support to help you make sense of what is causing you distress and how we can move forward to help you live a happier and healthier life.
(831) 215-3611 View (831) 215-3611
Photo of Mark P Willison, MFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Mark P Willison
Marriage & Family Therapist, MFT
Verified Verified
Monterey, CA 93940
Relationship difficulties? Depressed? Anxious? Challenged? It doesn't have to as hard as it seems right now. Trust me, there is a solution to what is affecting you and how you feel about life today. With nearly 40years experience I know I can help you find a healthier, happier life. Together, we'll find the solution that works for you. Be sure to leave a message, I will return your call the same day. To learn more about my work and me click on the WEBSITE icon under my picture.
Relationship difficulties? Depressed? Anxious? Challenged? It doesn't have to as hard as it seems right now. Trust me, there is a solution to what is affecting you and how you feel about life today. With nearly 40years experience I know I can help you find a healthier, happier life. Together, we'll find the solution that works for you. Be sure to leave a message, I will return your call the same day. To learn more about my work and me click on the WEBSITE icon under my picture.
(831) 204-2784 View (831) 204-2784
Photo of Liana Shapiro-Lee, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Liana Shapiro-Lee
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Monterey, CA 93940
Not accepting new clients
My practice is full at this time. Associate Therapists under my supervision may have openings. Please communicate with them directly: Jasey Stetser, APCC: 408.883.4824 and Bryan Solomon Murphy, AMFT: 408.605.3572.
My practice is full at this time. Associate Therapists under my supervision may have openings. Please communicate with them directly: Jasey Stetser, APCC: 408.883.4824 and Bryan Solomon Murphy, AMFT: 408.605.3572.
(831) 298-5715 View (831) 298-5715
Photo of Julie Laurent, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Julie Laurent
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Monterey, CA 93940  (Online Only)
You have found the voice of an online therapist inspired by the swells of the Pacific Ocean! I not only have a personal love of ocean culture but also a special interest in increasing our power by creating meaning and healing through finding balance and connection with ourself, others, and our surroundings. I specialize in trauma-focused interventions. I believe in strategies that inform us and support life transitions, help us understand the mind/body connection, and lend to increased awareness and insight of coping habits that no longer serve us and free us from the burden of of our own suffering.
You have found the voice of an online therapist inspired by the swells of the Pacific Ocean! I not only have a personal love of ocean culture but also a special interest in increasing our power by creating meaning and healing through finding balance and connection with ourself, others, and our surroundings. I specialize in trauma-focused interventions. I believe in strategies that inform us and support life transitions, help us understand the mind/body connection, and lend to increased awareness and insight of coping habits that no longer serve us and free us from the burden of of our own suffering.
(831) 888-0555 View (831) 888-0555
Photo of Rozi Hersey, LMFT, PhD ABD, Marriage & Family Therapist
Rozi Hersey
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, PhD ABD
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Monterey, CA 93940  (Online Only)
Are you experiencing anxiety, depression or feeling lost? Are feelings of codependency, addiction or preoccupation crippling your ability to live your life to the fullest? Are you feeling overwhelmed and cannot currently identify your emotions? I am here to support you in self discovery and finding a way together to explore what may be blocking you from living your most authentic life.
Are you experiencing anxiety, depression or feeling lost? Are feelings of codependency, addiction or preoccupation crippling your ability to live your life to the fullest? Are you feeling overwhelmed and cannot currently identify your emotions? I am here to support you in self discovery and finding a way together to explore what may be blocking you from living your most authentic life.
(831) 747-9003 View (831) 747-9003
Photo of Susie Winn, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Susie Winn
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Monterey, CA 93940  (Online Only)
Break The Cycle: Addiction~Abstinence~Recovery~Relapse ... Addiction permeates every pore of our lives: our relationships, our well-being and our sense of self. Yet recovery is possible no matter what stage of the cycle you find yourself.
Break The Cycle: Addiction~Abstinence~Recovery~Relapse ... Addiction permeates every pore of our lives: our relationships, our well-being and our sense of self. Yet recovery is possible no matter what stage of the cycle you find yourself.
(831) 920-4313 View (831) 920-4313
Photo of Jenna Rose Mahoney, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Jenna Rose Mahoney
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Monterey, CA 93940
As a licensed marriage and family therapist specializing in psychotherapy for adults, teens, and couples, I am dedicated to fostering healing and growth in my clients’ lives. With certification in Brainspotting trauma therapy and a theoretical orientation rooted in humanistic principles and attachment theory, I offer a compassionate and holistic approach to therapy. In my work with couples, I am passionate about exploring the impact of childhood experiences on adult relationships. By identifying and addressing unmet needs from the past, I help couples navigate challenges and cultivate deeper connections.
As a licensed marriage and family therapist specializing in psychotherapy for adults, teens, and couples, I am dedicated to fostering healing and growth in my clients’ lives. With certification in Brainspotting trauma therapy and a theoretical orientation rooted in humanistic principles and attachment theory, I offer a compassionate and holistic approach to therapy. In my work with couples, I am passionate about exploring the impact of childhood experiences on adult relationships. By identifying and addressing unmet needs from the past, I help couples navigate challenges and cultivate deeper connections.
(831) 525-0451 View (831) 525-0451
Photo of undefined - Rebel Hearts Counseling, Inc, LMFT, LAADC, Marriage & Family Therapist
Rebel Hearts Counseling, Inc
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, LAADC
Verified Verified
Monterey, CA 93940
I love clients that work towards being healed rather than seeking trending therapies on instagram, 20 second reels to fix you, it's not going to fix you, and seeking quick fixes are the problem. It's time to get real and do the work. Give yourself the opportunity to face your avoidance behaviors, set boundaries with unhealthy people, and yourself. Be braver than your life, work yourself out, and even gain spiritual insight that can accompany your journey. Be a rebel and wear your heart well.
I love clients that work towards being healed rather than seeking trending therapies on instagram, 20 second reels to fix you, it's not going to fix you, and seeking quick fixes are the problem. It's time to get real and do the work. Give yourself the opportunity to face your avoidance behaviors, set boundaries with unhealthy people, and yourself. Be braver than your life, work yourself out, and even gain spiritual insight that can accompany your journey. Be a rebel and wear your heart well.
(831) 249-0658 View (831) 249-0658
Photo of Aj Phillips, MA, LPCC, NCC, Counselor
Aj Phillips
Counselor, MA, LPCC, NCC
Verified Verified
Monterey, CA 93940  (Online Only)
Hi there! I'm Ashley (or AJ). I am a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor (LPCC) based in Monterey, California. I specialize in working with individuals from a depth psychological lens, meaning that my work is rooted in a deep respect for and inclusion of the mysteries and paradoxes of life. I believe that we each have a unique path to finding and cultivating the most authentic and nourishing possibilities for ourselves. My work with clients focuses on identity, meaning making, recovery, and connection. I specialize both in work with eating disorders, body autonomy, and the intersection of psychology and spirituality.
Hi there! I'm Ashley (or AJ). I am a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor (LPCC) based in Monterey, California. I specialize in working with individuals from a depth psychological lens, meaning that my work is rooted in a deep respect for and inclusion of the mysteries and paradoxes of life. I believe that we each have a unique path to finding and cultivating the most authentic and nourishing possibilities for ourselves. My work with clients focuses on identity, meaning making, recovery, and connection. I specialize both in work with eating disorders, body autonomy, and the intersection of psychology and spirituality.
(831) 263-0321 View (831) 263-0321
Photo of Leane Genstler, MA, MBA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Leane Genstler
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, MBA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Monterey, CA 93940
There are times in life when our paths lead us off course and we find ourselves struggling with serious issues like negativity, depression, worry, anxiety, interpersonal relational issues, difficulty with co-workers or unfulfilling marriages. Some of us struggle with unresolved trauma from our past, leaving us feeling distant, disconnected and alone. No matter how difficult your current situation seems, I believe that it is always possible to get back on track and feel better. In my years specializing in domestic violence, eating disorders and trauma related therapy, I have helped individuals, couples and families overcome multiple obstacles.
There are times in life when our paths lead us off course and we find ourselves struggling with serious issues like negativity, depression, worry, anxiety, interpersonal relational issues, difficulty with co-workers or unfulfilling marriages. Some of us struggle with unresolved trauma from our past, leaving us feeling distant, disconnected and alone. No matter how difficult your current situation seems, I believe that it is always possible to get back on track and feel better. In my years specializing in domestic violence, eating disorders and trauma related therapy, I have helped individuals, couples and families overcome multiple obstacles.
(831) 679-3819 View (831) 679-3819
Photo of Marilee G. Ruebsamen, PhD, Psychologist
Marilee G. Ruebsamen
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Monterey, CA 93940
Promoting healing & trustworthy engagement for children, youth, their families, adults who come seeking shelter, emotional safety and refuge (see abbeypsychservices.com). Even the youngest demonstrate remarkable strengths with precise, attuned, attention to their levels of awareness, given new experiences to help transform distorted cognitive appraisals of themselves, others, relationships, the world. Working together, we cultivate more accurate appraisals of internal/external experience, shift into clearer, more realistic thinking, enhanced empathy, healthier, more effective coping styles. We co-create new, hopeful, cooperative stories to replace hopeless, repetitive, "traumatic reliving" within the safety of a predictable, nurturing, skillfully maintained therapeutic environment.
Promoting healing & trustworthy engagement for children, youth, their families, adults who come seeking shelter, emotional safety and refuge (see abbeypsychservices.com). Even the youngest demonstrate remarkable strengths with precise, attuned, attention to their levels of awareness, given new experiences to help transform distorted cognitive appraisals of themselves, others, relationships, the world. Working together, we cultivate more accurate appraisals of internal/external experience, shift into clearer, more realistic thinking, enhanced empathy, healthier, more effective coping styles. We co-create new, hopeful, cooperative stories to replace hopeless, repetitive, "traumatic reliving" within the safety of a predictable, nurturing, skillfully maintained therapeutic environment.
(831) 275-8260 View (831) 275-8260
Photo of Ronda Copeland, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Ronda Copeland
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Monterey, CA 93940
People come to therapy for various reasons. You may be in crisis or you may want to work on long-standing behaviors that are no longer working for you. Maybe negative self-talk is getting in your way, or repeating the same behavior expecting different results and aren't sure how to make the necessary changes. Therapy is a process, finding the right therapist is important.
People come to therapy for various reasons. You may be in crisis or you may want to work on long-standing behaviors that are no longer working for you. Maybe negative self-talk is getting in your way, or repeating the same behavior expecting different results and aren't sure how to make the necessary changes. Therapy is a process, finding the right therapist is important.
(831) 646-8917 View (831) 646-8917
Photo of Claudia Santora, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Claudia Santora
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Monterey, CA 93940
I provide therapy for individuals, children, families, young adults, couples and groups. I have a special interest in working with children with emotional and behavioral challenges, & neurodevelopmental delays utilizing a child-family centered approach. I also provide school based consultation. I also enjoy working with adults who are committed to making positive changes in their lives.
I provide therapy for individuals, children, families, young adults, couples and groups. I have a special interest in working with children with emotional and behavioral challenges, & neurodevelopmental delays utilizing a child-family centered approach. I also provide school based consultation. I also enjoy working with adults who are committed to making positive changes in their lives.
(831) 612-1728 View (831) 612-1728
Photo of Ann D Kihara, MS, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Ann D Kihara
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Monterey, CA 93940
Waitlist for new clients
Do you have fears or concerns about your relationship that keep you up at night? Do you ever feel that your partner rarely hears or understands your real concerns? Do you avoid certain topics that always lead to conflict? Do you have issues in your relationship that have been unresolved for years? Do you sometimes feel hopeless? Please call me - help is available! I provide Couples Counseling and I am dedicated to helping you bring peace and joy back into your truly most important relationship.
Do you have fears or concerns about your relationship that keep you up at night? Do you ever feel that your partner rarely hears or understands your real concerns? Do you avoid certain topics that always lead to conflict? Do you have issues in your relationship that have been unresolved for years? Do you sometimes feel hopeless? Please call me - help is available! I provide Couples Counseling and I am dedicated to helping you bring peace and joy back into your truly most important relationship.
(831) 223-1857 View (831) 223-1857
Photo of Kirsten Yackley, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Kirsten Yackley
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Monterey, CA 93940
Welcome! I work with individual adults and adolescents who are feeling stuck and desiring some sort of shift in their lives. This can look like a a life transition (going to college, career change, etc), relationship with yourself (the way you view and treat yourself), or shifting your overall mood (anxiety, depression, trauma). I aim to be a partner in change, rather than the expert on your life. I help people understand why they do the things they do by exploring how their past impacts their present day functioning. I offer tools for you to use in the present moment while we are gaining awareness of your patterns.
Welcome! I work with individual adults and adolescents who are feeling stuck and desiring some sort of shift in their lives. This can look like a a life transition (going to college, career change, etc), relationship with yourself (the way you view and treat yourself), or shifting your overall mood (anxiety, depression, trauma). I aim to be a partner in change, rather than the expert on your life. I help people understand why they do the things they do by exploring how their past impacts their present day functioning. I offer tools for you to use in the present moment while we are gaining awareness of your patterns.
(831) 249-2182 View (831) 249-2182
Photo of undefined - Therapy Lab Monterey, PhD, Psychologist
Therapy Lab Monterey
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Monterey, CA 93940  (Online Only)
Therapy Lab offers individual teletherapy that's based on a plan. Visit our website (therapylab.com) to explore a menu of treatment plans based on common goals for therapy. With your input, we'll make a plan that's based on your goals, your timeline, and your budget. Our science-based plans are designed to support you in overcoming distress (anxiety, relationship problems, work stress) so you walk away with emotional health and insight. At your first session, your exceptionally qualified therapist will get to know you and pick or design a plan that’s customized to your situation.
Therapy Lab offers individual teletherapy that's based on a plan. Visit our website (therapylab.com) to explore a menu of treatment plans based on common goals for therapy. With your input, we'll make a plan that's based on your goals, your timeline, and your budget. Our science-based plans are designed to support you in overcoming distress (anxiety, relationship problems, work stress) so you walk away with emotional health and insight. At your first session, your exceptionally qualified therapist will get to know you and pick or design a plan that’s customized to your situation.
(831) 231-1429 View (831) 231-1429
Photo of Rebecca Hardt, MA, LMFT, PMH-C, Marriage & Family Therapist
Rebecca Hardt
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT, PMH-C
Verified Verified
Monterey, CA 93940  (Online Only)
I wholeheartedly believe it’s my role as a therapist to assist you in realizing, accessing and cultivating the internal and external resources that you already possess. Stress, conflict, and pain are those given aspects of life. I'll support you in healing, reconnecting and making empowering choices to achieve peace and feel more joy on a daily basis. Together, we will create a safe space for vulnerability and strength; both are needed for change. Our sessions will allow you to move through stuck points in your mind, relationships and environment. My approach is empathic, direct, emotionally supportive and solutions focused.
I wholeheartedly believe it’s my role as a therapist to assist you in realizing, accessing and cultivating the internal and external resources that you already possess. Stress, conflict, and pain are those given aspects of life. I'll support you in healing, reconnecting and making empowering choices to achieve peace and feel more joy on a daily basis. Together, we will create a safe space for vulnerability and strength; both are needed for change. Our sessions will allow you to move through stuck points in your mind, relationships and environment. My approach is empathic, direct, emotionally supportive and solutions focused.
(831) 268-6273 View (831) 268-6273
Photo of Mark F. Schwartz, Sc, D, Marriage & Family Therapist
Mark F. Schwartz
Marriage & Family Therapist, Sc, D
Verified Verified
Monterey, CA 93940
With more than 30 years of experience and a degree in Psychology from Johns Hopkins University, Dr. Schwartz specializes in working with 1) couples, marriage, and intimacy disorders; 2) bipolar and unipolar depression 3) eating disorders, 4) PTSD, addiction, and 5) sexual difficulties, sexual dysfunction, sexual addiction. His national recognition afforded him the experience of lecturing to over 100,000 therapists nationally, as well as editing three books. He is extremely compassionate and forms exceptional connections with his clients. He also Directs a Partial Hospitalization Program /Harmonyplacemonterey.See websight
With more than 30 years of experience and a degree in Psychology from Johns Hopkins University, Dr. Schwartz specializes in working with 1) couples, marriage, and intimacy disorders; 2) bipolar and unipolar depression 3) eating disorders, 4) PTSD, addiction, and 5) sexual difficulties, sexual dysfunction, sexual addiction. His national recognition afforded him the experience of lecturing to over 100,000 therapists nationally, as well as editing three books. He is extremely compassionate and forms exceptional connections with his clients. He also Directs a Partial Hospitalization Program /Harmonyplacemonterey.See websight
(831) 706-4795 View (831) 706-4795
Photo of Glenn Morrison, AMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate
Glenn Morrison
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, AMFT
Verified Verified
Monterey, CA 93940  (Online Only)
As a member of the LGBTQ+ community in the Monterey area, I recognize the need for therapy services that address the unique experiences of those with nondominant sexual and gender identities. I also focus on couples and family therapy with those from both traditional and nontraditional family structures, including polyamorous and consensual non-monogamous relationships.
As a member of the LGBTQ+ community in the Monterey area, I recognize the need for therapy services that address the unique experiences of those with nondominant sexual and gender identities. I also focus on couples and family therapy with those from both traditional and nontraditional family structures, including polyamorous and consensual non-monogamous relationships.
(831) 263-0862 View (831) 263-0862

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 93940

200+

Average cost per session

$170

Therapists in 93940 who prioritize treating:

94% Anxiety
86% Depression
81% Relationship Issues
79% Self Esteem
72% Coping Skills
70% Trauma and PTSD
69% Stress

Average years in practice

13 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

44% Other
43% Aetna
33% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in 93940 see their clients

69% In Person and Online
31% Online Only

Gender breakdown

81% Female
19% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 93940?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.