Photo of Janette Delina Rodriguez, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 93304, CA
Janette Delina Rodriguez
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Bakersfield, CA 93304  (Online Only)
Are you an adult 18+ struggling to enjoy life in the present moment, after experiencing a traumatic event(s)? Are symptoms creating barriers in your ability to enjoy your life? These symptoms are signals that the body is sending to make one aware that now is the time to take those steps to process and heal. I understand that unraveling the most delicate parts of your past can seem overwhelming. I am here to guide you and support you through your journey. As your Therapist, I will meet you where you are. I will continuously make sure you are comfortable in treatment by always making sure you feel we are working together.
Are you an adult 18+ struggling to enjoy life in the present moment, after experiencing a traumatic event(s)? Are symptoms creating barriers in your ability to enjoy your life? These symptoms are signals that the body is sending to make one aware that now is the time to take those steps to process and heal. I understand that unraveling the most delicate parts of your past can seem overwhelming. I am here to guide you and support you through your journey. As your Therapist, I will meet you where you are. I will continuously make sure you are comfortable in treatment by always making sure you feel we are working together.
(661) 451-6410 View (661) 451-6410
Photo of Lillian Fox, Associate Clinical Social Worker in 93304, CA
Lillian Fox
Associate Clinical Social Worker, MSW, ACSW
Verified Verified
Bakersfield, CA 93304  (Online Only)
In a world full of noise and expectation, are you feeling stuck? My passion lies in supporting Queer young adults as they actively seek identities, lifestyles, career paths & relationships that truly reflect their authentic selves. Along this journey of self-discovery, we also work on rejecting what doesn’t fit—whether it's the weight of parental expectations, the influence of religion, or the burden of internalized societal norms. Therapy with me is a space where you can find confidence in the life path that resonates with you, overcoming the anxiety, attachments, trauma & grief that may have characterized your life until now.
In a world full of noise and expectation, are you feeling stuck? My passion lies in supporting Queer young adults as they actively seek identities, lifestyles, career paths & relationships that truly reflect their authentic selves. Along this journey of self-discovery, we also work on rejecting what doesn’t fit—whether it's the weight of parental expectations, the influence of religion, or the burden of internalized societal norms. Therapy with me is a space where you can find confidence in the life path that resonates with you, overcoming the anxiety, attachments, trauma & grief that may have characterized your life until now.
(661) 690-7064 View (661) 690-7064
Photo of Joan Romeo, Marriage & Family Therapist in 93304, CA
Joan Romeo
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Bakersfield, CA 93304
Hi there, I'm Joan, a licensed marriage and family therapist. I have been working in mental health for nearly 20 years. I spent 15 years working with the most seriously mentally ill patients and in-crisis services. After I retired 2 years ago, I choose to do teletherapy in order to reach those populations that have been underserved. I take a holistic approach to therapy which includes nutrition, mindfulness, play, and self-care. My usual approach is to start with mindfulness and building coping skills and integrate CBT into the process.
Hi there, I'm Joan, a licensed marriage and family therapist. I have been working in mental health for nearly 20 years. I spent 15 years working with the most seriously mentally ill patients and in-crisis services. After I retired 2 years ago, I choose to do teletherapy in order to reach those populations that have been underserved. I take a holistic approach to therapy which includes nutrition, mindfulness, play, and self-care. My usual approach is to start with mindfulness and building coping skills and integrate CBT into the process.
(661) 228-8586 View (661) 228-8586
Photo of Alejandrina (Aly) Brambila, Marriage & Family Therapist in 93304, CA
Alejandrina (Aly) Brambila
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Bakersfield, CA 93304
Waitlist for new clients
Hello! Hola! My name is Alejandrina (Aly). I ‘am the daughter of immigrant parents from Mexico. Connecting with my culture, roots and ancestral practices has been a core part of my development as a psychotherapist. It is important for me to create a space where people feel like they belong but most importantly that they know their story matters. I want my clients to believe they can find their own healing within themselves.
Hello! Hola! My name is Alejandrina (Aly). I ‘am the daughter of immigrant parents from Mexico. Connecting with my culture, roots and ancestral practices has been a core part of my development as a psychotherapist. It is important for me to create a space where people feel like they belong but most importantly that they know their story matters. I want my clients to believe they can find their own healing within themselves.
(661) 449-0294 View (661) 449-0294
Photo of Barby Rodriguez, Marriage & Family Therapist in 93304, CA
Barby Rodriguez
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
5 Endorsed
Bakersfield, CA 93304  (Online Only)
Hello there, and welcome! If you’re here it’s because you’re searching for more and I want to first credit the bravery in that search. This whole ‘life thing’ is weird and difficult. It’s okay that we sometimes feel lost, afraid, angry, or hopeless with ourselves or all the moving parts around us. It’s okay that we don’t always understand our own feelings or thoughts or needs. And it is absolutely okay to need some support sometimes, and I’m humbled to be that support. In my time as a therapist (and my time in therapy) I have seen the process awaken a wisdom, and strength, and healing capacity that we don’t yet know is there.
Hello there, and welcome! If you’re here it’s because you’re searching for more and I want to first credit the bravery in that search. This whole ‘life thing’ is weird and difficult. It’s okay that we sometimes feel lost, afraid, angry, or hopeless with ourselves or all the moving parts around us. It’s okay that we don’t always understand our own feelings or thoughts or needs. And it is absolutely okay to need some support sometimes, and I’m humbled to be that support. In my time as a therapist (and my time in therapy) I have seen the process awaken a wisdom, and strength, and healing capacity that we don’t yet know is there.
(661) 493-8861 View (661) 493-8861
Photo of Laura Vogel, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 93304, CA
Laura Vogel
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Bakersfield, CA 93304
My name is Laura Vogel, a Licensed Clinical Social Worker. My role is to help you connect with your True Self, find the solutions to your problems, and walk through hardships. I typically work with clients who are struggling with anxiety and depression, who feel angry at themselves and the world, or who struggle with an inability to motivate themselves to just "do the things"(s). I use a cognitive-somatic approach which incorporates both the mind and body during healing, and am trained in Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT Tapping). My goal is to help you develop a positive and functioning relationship with yourself and others.
My name is Laura Vogel, a Licensed Clinical Social Worker. My role is to help you connect with your True Self, find the solutions to your problems, and walk through hardships. I typically work with clients who are struggling with anxiety and depression, who feel angry at themselves and the world, or who struggle with an inability to motivate themselves to just "do the things"(s). I use a cognitive-somatic approach which incorporates both the mind and body during healing, and am trained in Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT Tapping). My goal is to help you develop a positive and functioning relationship with yourself and others.
(323) 205-7088 View (323) 205-7088
Photo of Aydee Briones, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 93304, CA
Aydee Briones
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Bakersfield, CA 93304
I am Aydee Briones, LCSW. My therapeutic approach is using motivational intervieweing to guide clients through Cognitive Behavioral therapy and Solution Focused Therapy.
I am Aydee Briones, LCSW. My therapeutic approach is using motivational intervieweing to guide clients through Cognitive Behavioral therapy and Solution Focused Therapy.
(562) 842-1560 View (562) 842-1560
Photo of Natsuko Jacobson, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 93304, CA
Natsuko Jacobson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Bakersfield, CA 93304
Hello. My name is Natsuko Jacobson, I'm a bi-lingual (Japanese and English) licensed clinical social worker/psychotherapist. My favorite approach to therapy is humanistic and holistic, but I'm flexible to change my approach depending on my clients' needs. I've been working with clients with wide variety of issues, but my current focus areas of practice are grieving (including infertility), depression, anxiety, psychosis (such as hearing voices) and addiction (and addicted behaviors).
Hello. My name is Natsuko Jacobson, I'm a bi-lingual (Japanese and English) licensed clinical social worker/psychotherapist. My favorite approach to therapy is humanistic and holistic, but I'm flexible to change my approach depending on my clients' needs. I've been working with clients with wide variety of issues, but my current focus areas of practice are grieving (including infertility), depression, anxiety, psychosis (such as hearing voices) and addiction (and addicted behaviors).
(951) 651-0676 View (951) 651-0676
Photo of Rahel Schmid-Price, Psychologist in 93304, CA
Rahel Schmid-Price
Psychologist, LCP
Verified Verified
Bakersfield, CA 93304
Hi, I am Dr. Rahel Price, a licensed clinical psychologist with over 20 years of experience providing mental health services to diverse populations in a variety of community and forensic settings. The main focus areas of my current practice include trauma, stress, PTSD, depression, anxiety, suicidal ideation, and self-harm. I work collaboratively with my clients to help them identify the goals they want to work towards in therapy. These goals can shift and be built on throughout the therapy process.
Hi, I am Dr. Rahel Price, a licensed clinical psychologist with over 20 years of experience providing mental health services to diverse populations in a variety of community and forensic settings. The main focus areas of my current practice include trauma, stress, PTSD, depression, anxiety, suicidal ideation, and self-harm. I work collaboratively with my clients to help them identify the goals they want to work towards in therapy. These goals can shift and be built on throughout the therapy process.
(323) 593-4830 View (323) 593-4830
Photo of Melinda Sabetzadeh, Marriage & Family Therapist in 93304, CA
Melinda Sabetzadeh
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Bakersfield, CA 93304
Everyone will experience difficulty or change at some point in their life. I want to help you through those times by providing a supportive, warm, and safe atmosphere in which clients will feel comfortable developing new skills and letting go of negative behaviors that no longer serve them. I am a licensed marriage and family therapist that has experience in working with children, adolescents, individuals, and families. I have worked with clients from the youngest age of four to the oldest generation of eighty-seven.
Everyone will experience difficulty or change at some point in their life. I want to help you through those times by providing a supportive, warm, and safe atmosphere in which clients will feel comfortable developing new skills and letting go of negative behaviors that no longer serve them. I am a licensed marriage and family therapist that has experience in working with children, adolescents, individuals, and families. I have worked with clients from the youngest age of four to the oldest generation of eighty-seven.
(619) 568-2205 View (619) 568-2205
Photo of William Shearer, Psychologist in 93304, CA
William Shearer
Psychologist, LCP
Verified Verified
Bakersfield, CA 93304  (Online Only)
I am a California licensed psychologist with over four decades of experience. I specialize in anxiety disorders, eating disorders, and relationship issues. Most of my work is with couples and I have had extensive education, training and experience. To date I have worked with over a thousand couples. My work is with relationships that I work with couples, individuals, all ethnicities and cultures, and couples gay and straight. I work with premarital counseling, infidelity, divorce prevention, and couples who simply want more satisfaction in their relationship.
I am a California licensed psychologist with over four decades of experience. I specialize in anxiety disorders, eating disorders, and relationship issues. Most of my work is with couples and I have had extensive education, training and experience. To date I have worked with over a thousand couples. My work is with relationships that I work with couples, individuals, all ethnicities and cultures, and couples gay and straight. I work with premarital counseling, infidelity, divorce prevention, and couples who simply want more satisfaction in their relationship.
(562) 539-2272 View (562) 539-2272
Photo of Julia Richardson, Marriage & Family Therapist in 93304, CA
Julia Richardson
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Bakersfield, CA 93304
Hello, my name is Julia Richardson. I am a licensed Marriage Family Therapist in the practice of healing emotional stress. I work with individuals, couples, and families who have experienced anxiety, depression, and trauma. I have a special love for working with folks on the Autism spectrum. I enjoy working with adults who want to know about their inner Light and how to access it; to make the decisions and changes they seek. I love working with couples who are trying to salvage, rekindle, or deepen their relationship.
Hello, my name is Julia Richardson. I am a licensed Marriage Family Therapist in the practice of healing emotional stress. I work with individuals, couples, and families who have experienced anxiety, depression, and trauma. I have a special love for working with folks on the Autism spectrum. I enjoy working with adults who want to know about their inner Light and how to access it; to make the decisions and changes they seek. I love working with couples who are trying to salvage, rekindle, or deepen their relationship.
(562) 620-4977 View (562) 620-4977
Photo of Anh Tran, Marriage & Family Therapist in 93304, CA
Anh Tran
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Bakersfield, CA 93304
Hello! My name is Anh Tran, Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist. I focus on connecting and building trust first and foremost, allowing each client to lead their treatment. Having a specialty in art therapy, I typically use art and creative modalities to support clients towards self reflection and deeper insight into themselves and discover their own wisdom throughout their treatment. I am a first generation Vietnamese-American woman of color who is passionate about dismantling the stigma around therapy, mental health, and empowering ourselves and communities to reconnect to our true self.
Hello! My name is Anh Tran, Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist. I focus on connecting and building trust first and foremost, allowing each client to lead their treatment. Having a specialty in art therapy, I typically use art and creative modalities to support clients towards self reflection and deeper insight into themselves and discover their own wisdom throughout their treatment. I am a first generation Vietnamese-American woman of color who is passionate about dismantling the stigma around therapy, mental health, and empowering ourselves and communities to reconnect to our true self.
(916) 634-1188 View (916) 634-1188
Photo of Nancy Phillips, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 93304, CA
Nancy Phillips
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Bakersfield, CA 93304
Seeking support isn't always the easiest thing to do, and my intention is to stand beside you and empower you through your journey. I have an eclectic background in therapy training to more easily assist my clients in working through the issues at hand in the way most comfortable for them. I enjoy working with couples and families and specialize in children from 11-18, women facing a turning point or transition in their lives, folks from the LGBTQIA+ community, and individual adults. Sometimes it takes a team, and I would love to have the chance to partner with you in seeking mental wellness.
Seeking support isn't always the easiest thing to do, and my intention is to stand beside you and empower you through your journey. I have an eclectic background in therapy training to more easily assist my clients in working through the issues at hand in the way most comfortable for them. I enjoy working with couples and families and specialize in children from 11-18, women facing a turning point or transition in their lives, folks from the LGBTQIA+ community, and individual adults. Sometimes it takes a team, and I would love to have the chance to partner with you in seeking mental wellness.
(619) 853-4791 View (619) 853-4791
Photo of Imelda Alvarez, Marriage & Family Therapist in 93304, CA
Imelda Alvarez
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Bakersfield, CA 93304
Hello, my name is Imelda Alvarez. I am a licensed Marriage Family Therapist (LMFT), based in Riverside CA and working with clients statewide via telehealth. I work with adults, adolescents, couples, and families and specialize in depression, anxiety, grief, trauma, using Cognitive Behavioral therapy, Solution focused therapy, motivational interviewing among others. I have found that my style and approach is a good fit for women, couples and young adults who may be dealing with the challenges of life transitions and social pressures. This often takes the form of anxiety, depression, stress, and trauma.
Hello, my name is Imelda Alvarez. I am a licensed Marriage Family Therapist (LMFT), based in Riverside CA and working with clients statewide via telehealth. I work with adults, adolescents, couples, and families and specialize in depression, anxiety, grief, trauma, using Cognitive Behavioral therapy, Solution focused therapy, motivational interviewing among others. I have found that my style and approach is a good fit for women, couples and young adults who may be dealing with the challenges of life transitions and social pressures. This often takes the form of anxiety, depression, stress, and trauma.
(559) 377-7414 View (559) 377-7414
Photo of Dr. Adare Toral, Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor in 93304, CA
Dr. Adare Toral
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, PhD, MA, LPCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Bakersfield, CA 93304
Thank you for taking an interest in my practice. I am a trauma and forensic specialist with specialties in EMDR and threat assessment. My work centers on providing care for teens and adults with trauma through evidenced based practices. I utilize various therapeutic methods including art therapy, DBT, and somatic experiencing in order to provide the best care for each individual.
Thank you for taking an interest in my practice. I am a trauma and forensic specialist with specialties in EMDR and threat assessment. My work centers on providing care for teens and adults with trauma through evidenced based practices. I utilize various therapeutic methods including art therapy, DBT, and somatic experiencing in order to provide the best care for each individual.
(805) 316-7023 View (805) 316-7023
Photo of The Mindful Lemon , Marriage & Family Therapist in 93304, CA
The Mindful Lemon
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Bakersfield, CA 93304  (Online Only)
Our mission is to provide quality online mental health and substance abuse services while breaking down the barriers of traditional, office based therapy. Traditional mental health and substance abuse treatment tends to focus on what makes you sick, what you are lacking but at The Mindful Lemon, our clinicians let you sit in the driver’s seat, focusing on your strengths and assets to help you become the best version of you! This can be via traditional talk therapy, medication management, mindfulness techniques, an emphasis on health, wellness and fitness or any combination of the above.
Our mission is to provide quality online mental health and substance abuse services while breaking down the barriers of traditional, office based therapy. Traditional mental health and substance abuse treatment tends to focus on what makes you sick, what you are lacking but at The Mindful Lemon, our clinicians let you sit in the driver’s seat, focusing on your strengths and assets to help you become the best version of you! This can be via traditional talk therapy, medication management, mindfulness techniques, an emphasis on health, wellness and fitness or any combination of the above.
(661) 221-7049 View (661) 221-7049
Photo of Joanne Fleming Loyarte, Marriage & Family Therapist in 93304, CA
Joanne Fleming Loyarte
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Bakersfield, CA 93304
My name is Joanne Fleming Loyarte, Lic. 120366. I am a bilingual, bicultural therapist passionate about empowering others to create the change they desire in their lives. Through a client-centered approach, I am able to help you navigate and create the desired balance and connection you desire in your life. I utilize several theoretical orientations and theories including but not limited to Psychodynamic, Attachment Base, Cognitive Behavioral, Family Systems, Emotionally Focused, Solution -Focused, Narrative, and Client Centered.
My name is Joanne Fleming Loyarte, Lic. 120366. I am a bilingual, bicultural therapist passionate about empowering others to create the change they desire in their lives. Through a client-centered approach, I am able to help you navigate and create the desired balance and connection you desire in your life. I utilize several theoretical orientations and theories including but not limited to Psychodynamic, Attachment Base, Cognitive Behavioral, Family Systems, Emotionally Focused, Solution -Focused, Narrative, and Client Centered.
(805) 424-5397 View (805) 424-5397
Photo of Lunda Gill-Desbrow, Marriage & Family Therapist in 93304, CA
Lunda Gill-Desbrow
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Bakersfield, CA 93304
Hello, thank you for your time. I have always been curious about what motivates a person. I have had my license for over 30 years and have worked in psychology, education, and business. I am a widow with two teenagers and love working on puzzles and being around animals. Feel free to contact me or leave me a message. I look forward to working with you soon!
Hello, thank you for your time. I have always been curious about what motivates a person. I have had my license for over 30 years and have worked in psychology, education, and business. I am a widow with two teenagers and love working on puzzles and being around animals. Feel free to contact me or leave me a message. I look forward to working with you soon!
(951) 450-0181 View (951) 450-0181
Photo of Evlin Abed, Psychologist in 93304, CA
Evlin Abed
Psychologist, LCP
Verified Verified
Bakersfield, CA 93304
My name is Evlin Abed and I am a Licensed Clinical Psychologist. One of my core beliefs in therapy is that people can make changes in their thoughts, perceptions, and behaviors to improve their overall functioning and quality of life. My approach is to provide a safe and caring environment with unconditional positive regard to facilitate and support meaningful life changes. I have extensive experience providing therapeutic services in inpatient and outpatient settings to adults, young adults, and adolescents who are experiencing difficulties in coping with anxiety, depression, trauma, and interpersonal difficulties.
My name is Evlin Abed and I am a Licensed Clinical Psychologist. One of my core beliefs in therapy is that people can make changes in their thoughts, perceptions, and behaviors to improve their overall functioning and quality of life. My approach is to provide a safe and caring environment with unconditional positive regard to facilitate and support meaningful life changes. I have extensive experience providing therapeutic services in inpatient and outpatient settings to adults, young adults, and adolescents who are experiencing difficulties in coping with anxiety, depression, trauma, and interpersonal difficulties.
(805) 600-0489 View (805) 600-0489

See more therapy options for 93304

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 93304

20+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in 93304 who prioritize treating:

96% Depression
96% Anxiety
75% Coping Skills
71% Self Esteem
68% Relationship Issues
64% Grief
61% Stress

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

100% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
96% Aetna
93% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in 93304 see their clients

79% In Person and Online
21% Online Only

Gender breakdown

97% Female
3% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 93304?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.