Therapists in 92780

Photo of Marlene Grijalva, Marriage & Family Therapist in 92780, CA
Marlene Grijalva
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
Tustin, CA 92780
I offer individuals the acceptance and compassion people in crisis need. Utilizing evidence-based treatment, I collaborate with the client to develop positive solutions and achieve long-term results for the challenges addressed in therapy. We work in a way and at a pace that the client finds comfortable. Treatment is customized to meet the specific needs unique to every individual.
I offer individuals the acceptance and compassion people in crisis need. Utilizing evidence-based treatment, I collaborate with the client to develop positive solutions and achieve long-term results for the challenges addressed in therapy. We work in a way and at a pace that the client finds comfortable. Treatment is customized to meet the specific needs unique to every individual.
(949) 301-8165 View (949) 301-8165
Photo of Van Thuy Nguyen, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 92780, CA
Van Thuy Nguyen
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Tustin, CA 92780
When we experience severe life stressors or trauma, it is normal for us to feel stuck, sad, angry, withdrawn, lonely and low self-esteem. As a result, we may not live fully to our highest potential. My passions are to help my clients, adults and children heal from traumas, strengthen their abilities to respond appropriately to current and future life demands and stressors, build healthy perceptions of themselves and the world they live in.
When we experience severe life stressors or trauma, it is normal for us to feel stuck, sad, angry, withdrawn, lonely and low self-esteem. As a result, we may not live fully to our highest potential. My passions are to help my clients, adults and children heal from traumas, strengthen their abilities to respond appropriately to current and future life demands and stressors, build healthy perceptions of themselves and the world they live in.
(310) 945-2942 View (310) 945-2942
Photo of Regina Bernius, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in 92780, CA
Regina Bernius
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, AMFT
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Tustin, CA 92780
I am passionate about helping couples overcome relationship difficulties and improve connection. Keeping relationships and marriages gratifying can be very challenging. Maybe, despite your shared love, the demands of daily life are overpowering your relationship. Or maybe you miss emotional closeness, while ineffective communication patterns cause frustration and conflicts. Surely, you know you want things to get better but need to know how. Recognize this commitment to improving the relationship as your strength! I help my couples through two best-known couples therapy approaches: Emotionally Focused Therapy and the Gottman Method.
I am passionate about helping couples overcome relationship difficulties and improve connection. Keeping relationships and marriages gratifying can be very challenging. Maybe, despite your shared love, the demands of daily life are overpowering your relationship. Or maybe you miss emotional closeness, while ineffective communication patterns cause frustration and conflicts. Surely, you know you want things to get better but need to know how. Recognize this commitment to improving the relationship as your strength! I help my couples through two best-known couples therapy approaches: Emotionally Focused Therapy and the Gottman Method.
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Photo of Inside Out Counseling Services Inc, Marriage & Family Therapist in 92780, CA
Inside Out Counseling Services Inc
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Tustin, CA 92780
Welcome, bienvenidos! Inside Out Counseling Services, provides bilingual mental health treatment to adults. We specialize in Depression, Anxiety, Stress, Work life balance, Parenting, Self-esteem issues, Family and Relationship conflict, Trauma, PTSD, Grief, woman’s issues, Attachment and bonding issues, Adjustment disorders and Acute Stress Disorders. We also offer support for families who are struggling and managing food allergies and food sensitivities. Treatment modalities for trauma and acute stress disorders include EMDR and other Trauma interventions. EMDR is only offered on a case to case basis.
Welcome, bienvenidos! Inside Out Counseling Services, provides bilingual mental health treatment to adults. We specialize in Depression, Anxiety, Stress, Work life balance, Parenting, Self-esteem issues, Family and Relationship conflict, Trauma, PTSD, Grief, woman’s issues, Attachment and bonding issues, Adjustment disorders and Acute Stress Disorders. We also offer support for families who are struggling and managing food allergies and food sensitivities. Treatment modalities for trauma and acute stress disorders include EMDR and other Trauma interventions. EMDR is only offered on a case to case basis.
(949) 536-9015 View (949) 536-9015
Photo of Parul M. Patel, Psychologist in 92780, CA
Parul M. Patel
Psychologist, MA, MFT, PsyD
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Tustin, CA 92780
If you struggle with a lack of connection, bitterness, criticism, painful growing apart and unfulfilled expectations with your loved one… If you experience distress, don’t wait to seek support. The effects of resentment, contempt, lack of intimacy and compassion, and childhood or past trauma can be tremendous. You don’t need to navigate your healing journey alone. I strive to provide a safe, non-judgmental environment and to work with you on addressing emotional wounds. I specialize in relationship distress, and use evidence based therapeutic modalities in my practice. I also offer Couples Retreats: www.couple-care.com
If you struggle with a lack of connection, bitterness, criticism, painful growing apart and unfulfilled expectations with your loved one… If you experience distress, don’t wait to seek support. The effects of resentment, contempt, lack of intimacy and compassion, and childhood or past trauma can be tremendous. You don’t need to navigate your healing journey alone. I strive to provide a safe, non-judgmental environment and to work with you on addressing emotional wounds. I specialize in relationship distress, and use evidence based therapeutic modalities in my practice. I also offer Couples Retreats: www.couple-care.com
(949) 416-0714 View (949) 416-0714
Photo of Nicole Medina, Marriage & Family Therapist in 92780, CA
Nicole Medina
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Tustin, CA 92780  (Online Only)
You never get a moment’s rest. Somewhere along the way, you realized it was your job to take care of everyone else. Now, every waking hour is spent seeing to other people’s needs while neglecting your own. You wish there were some way to make time for yourself, but you hate the idea of disappointing anyone. And it feels like if you slow down for even a moment, your endless responsibilities will swallow you whole. So, you keep pushing forward. Every day you feel less connected to yourself and more stuck in a life you never asked for. Any attempt at making a change has failed. You wonder if you’re destined to live this way forever.
You never get a moment’s rest. Somewhere along the way, you realized it was your job to take care of everyone else. Now, every waking hour is spent seeing to other people’s needs while neglecting your own. You wish there were some way to make time for yourself, but you hate the idea of disappointing anyone. And it feels like if you slow down for even a moment, your endless responsibilities will swallow you whole. So, you keep pushing forward. Every day you feel less connected to yourself and more stuck in a life you never asked for. Any attempt at making a change has failed. You wonder if you’re destined to live this way forever.
(714) 706-1450 View (714) 706-1450
Photo of Anne Marie Elena Ruta Buchanan, Licensed Professional Counselor in 92780, CA
Anne Marie Elena Ruta Buchanan
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, BC-DMT, LPCC, NCC
Verified Verified
Tustin, CA 92780
Grief - heartbreaking loss. Shocking pain. Death of a family member, child, friend, pet, relationship, job. Unexpected or anticipated, it's so hard. Loss of physical ability from illness or accident. Raw, striking agony. You hurt in your head, your heart. Your body aches. Crying spells. It’s difficult to concentrate or remember things, make decisions, think straight. Waking up at night unable to go back to sleep. You feel so alone, even when you are with people who don't know how to act around you. Impossible- your life is forever changed. Anxiety creeps in with worry about the future. The suffering at times feels unbearable.
Grief - heartbreaking loss. Shocking pain. Death of a family member, child, friend, pet, relationship, job. Unexpected or anticipated, it's so hard. Loss of physical ability from illness or accident. Raw, striking agony. You hurt in your head, your heart. Your body aches. Crying spells. It’s difficult to concentrate or remember things, make decisions, think straight. Waking up at night unable to go back to sleep. You feel so alone, even when you are with people who don't know how to act around you. Impossible- your life is forever changed. Anxiety creeps in with worry about the future. The suffering at times feels unbearable.
(657) 220-6784 View (657) 220-6784
Photo of Natalie Asawesna, Marriage & Family Therapist in 92780, CA
Natalie Asawesna
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
5 Endorsed
Tustin, CA 92780
Are you struggling to find positivity in and around your life? You may be having a difficult time with your relationship or going through a stressful transition. Perhaps you're experiencing more downs than ups these days. If you relate to any of these statements I'd be glad to sit down with you, because I care. I want to hear your story and your goals that may feel far away right now. Let's work together to reinvigorate you to start living life with joy again.
Are you struggling to find positivity in and around your life? You may be having a difficult time with your relationship or going through a stressful transition. Perhaps you're experiencing more downs than ups these days. If you relate to any of these statements I'd be glad to sit down with you, because I care. I want to hear your story and your goals that may feel far away right now. Let's work together to reinvigorate you to start living life with joy again.
(562) 287-5058 View (562) 287-5058
Photo of Sandra Jane Chalupnik in 92780, CA
Sandra Jane Chalupnik
MA
Verified Verified
Tustin, CA 92780
Hello! My passion is to work with those experiencing challenges or who need encouragement, insight and perspective. If you're ready I'm here for you. I've been privileged for over 30 years to join with hundreds of people on their healing journey. I greatly respect and honor courageous clients that decide to make important changes in their lives that benefit themselves and others they love. I specialize in working with childhood trauma, addressing the underlying issues that interfere with living a satisfying life today. Offering therapy for Individuals, Couples, Children and Teens as well as Female and Male AMAC groups.
Hello! My passion is to work with those experiencing challenges or who need encouragement, insight and perspective. If you're ready I'm here for you. I've been privileged for over 30 years to join with hundreds of people on their healing journey. I greatly respect and honor courageous clients that decide to make important changes in their lives that benefit themselves and others they love. I specialize in working with childhood trauma, addressing the underlying issues that interfere with living a satisfying life today. Offering therapy for Individuals, Couples, Children and Teens as well as Female and Male AMAC groups.
(949) 427-9432 View (949) 427-9432
Photo of Maura Lynch-Loftus, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 92780, CA
Maura Lynch-Loftus
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Tustin, CA 92780
Our greatest glory is not in falling but in rising every time we fall" (Oliver Goldsmith). I promote this philosophy in my therapy and treatment with clients. Supportive, introspective and proactive describe the work that I will do with you as we work together. Working to resolve conflicts, manage distressing symptoms and overcoming trauma is my goal.
Our greatest glory is not in falling but in rising every time we fall" (Oliver Goldsmith). I promote this philosophy in my therapy and treatment with clients. Supportive, introspective and proactive describe the work that I will do with you as we work together. Working to resolve conflicts, manage distressing symptoms and overcoming trauma is my goal.
(657) 845-8526 View (657) 845-8526
Photo of Ebony Vaporean-Bussey-Payne, Marriage & Family Therapist in 92780, CA
Ebony Vaporean-Bussey-Payne
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Tustin, CA 92780
Hello! I’m Ebony Vaporean-Bussey-Payne, and I’m a licensed Marriage and Family therapist. I’ve been licensed since 2016 and began seeing individuals in 2013. In my ten years of practice, I have worked with children, teens, and adults. I also have experience working with new mothers and first responders. My focus at this time is anxiety, depression, job stress, and family stress. I enjoy working with new mothers/postpartum, depression, anxiety, and first responders. At this time, I'm only seeing adults.
Hello! I’m Ebony Vaporean-Bussey-Payne, and I’m a licensed Marriage and Family therapist. I’ve been licensed since 2016 and began seeing individuals in 2013. In my ten years of practice, I have worked with children, teens, and adults. I also have experience working with new mothers and first responders. My focus at this time is anxiety, depression, job stress, and family stress. I enjoy working with new mothers/postpartum, depression, anxiety, and first responders. At this time, I'm only seeing adults.
(714) 798-2969 View (714) 798-2969
Photo of Sylvia Ortiz, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 92780, CA
Sylvia Ortiz
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW, Blingüe
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Tustin, CA 92780
Are you experiencing a life situation that requires extra support and guidance? Do you feel overwhelmed? Do you long for a deeper connection, intimacy and understanding from your partner? As a trained psychotherapist, I specialize in individual, couples and family therapy. Allow me to help you find solutions and discover the right path in life. I utilize a diverse approach to address your individual needs. Together, we will work at achieving your goals.
Are you experiencing a life situation that requires extra support and guidance? Do you feel overwhelmed? Do you long for a deeper connection, intimacy and understanding from your partner? As a trained psychotherapist, I specialize in individual, couples and family therapy. Allow me to help you find solutions and discover the right path in life. I utilize a diverse approach to address your individual needs. Together, we will work at achieving your goals.
(714) 942-0574 View (714) 942-0574
Photo of Manuel Albert Cruz, Marriage & Family Therapist in 92780, CA
Manuel Albert Cruz
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA
Verified Verified
Tustin, CA 92780
Life is hard. It is full of twists and turns. Most of the time we are able to navigate these windy roads. Other times we need some extra guidance and support to get through. Are you are dealing with crippling depression or anxiety that makes normal day to day functioning difficult. Is your relationship with your spouse, child, family member, or friend is a source of angst and frustration. Maybe there old wounds from your past that are keeping you from being the best version of yourself today. If you are feeling hopeless but have not yet lost all hope. If you want your life to be different and are ready and willing to do the work.
Life is hard. It is full of twists and turns. Most of the time we are able to navigate these windy roads. Other times we need some extra guidance and support to get through. Are you are dealing with crippling depression or anxiety that makes normal day to day functioning difficult. Is your relationship with your spouse, child, family member, or friend is a source of angst and frustration. Maybe there old wounds from your past that are keeping you from being the best version of yourself today. If you are feeling hopeless but have not yet lost all hope. If you want your life to be different and are ready and willing to do the work.
(714) 735-0494 View (714) 735-0494
Photo of David Day, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in 92780, CA
David Day
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, AMFT
Verified Verified
Tustin, CA 92780
There is a reason why you are reading this today. You are stuck, or your life is in crisis. In my therapy practice, I don’t see people for emotional tune-ups. It just doesn’t happen that way. There are plenty of self-help books and mindfulness practices for that. What about you, right now? If you are a concerned parent, your child is extremely emotional, or is coming apart at the seams. If you are in a relationship or in a marriage, you are considering ending it. If you are a middle-aged businessman, or perhaps a mother whose young adult just left for college, you are wondering what you should do with the rest of your life.
There is a reason why you are reading this today. You are stuck, or your life is in crisis. In my therapy practice, I don’t see people for emotional tune-ups. It just doesn’t happen that way. There are plenty of self-help books and mindfulness practices for that. What about you, right now? If you are a concerned parent, your child is extremely emotional, or is coming apart at the seams. If you are in a relationship or in a marriage, you are considering ending it. If you are a middle-aged businessman, or perhaps a mother whose young adult just left for college, you are wondering what you should do with the rest of your life.
(714) 613-8391 View (714) 613-8391
Photo of Vianka Inigo, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 92780, CA
Vianka Inigo
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Tustin, CA 92780
I understand that this journey can be challenging. My goal is to help navigate your journey to recovery, fulfillment, and the pursuit of happiness. Allow me to inspire, cheer, and motivate you throughout present and future endeavors. Imagine the possibilities in life... I practice several modalities that are evidenced based including CBT, EFT, certified in EMDR, and maternal mental health PMH-C.
I understand that this journey can be challenging. My goal is to help navigate your journey to recovery, fulfillment, and the pursuit of happiness. Allow me to inspire, cheer, and motivate you throughout present and future endeavors. Imagine the possibilities in life... I practice several modalities that are evidenced based including CBT, EFT, certified in EMDR, and maternal mental health PMH-C.
(714) 252-4811 View (714) 252-4811
Photo of Yi Yang, Psychologist in 92780, CA
Yi Yang
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Tustin, CA 92780
It takes tremendous courage to see a therapist. A safe environment and a trustful relationship are the first things I provide. People are complex; your ethnicity, sexuality, personality, values, and unique background will be appreciated here. I will listen to you carefully and understand you deeply. Together we will find the best way to identify and meet your needs. We will empower you from what is painful in your experience, so that you will feel more alive, have more compassion toward yourself, and create new meaning in your life. If you are a parent, I also help children with anxiety, depression, and socio-emotional development.
It takes tremendous courage to see a therapist. A safe environment and a trustful relationship are the first things I provide. People are complex; your ethnicity, sexuality, personality, values, and unique background will be appreciated here. I will listen to you carefully and understand you deeply. Together we will find the best way to identify and meet your needs. We will empower you from what is painful in your experience, so that you will feel more alive, have more compassion toward yourself, and create new meaning in your life. If you are a parent, I also help children with anxiety, depression, and socio-emotional development.
(617) 420-7651 View (617) 420-7651
Photo of Melissa Hurtado-Haghighi, Marriage & Family Therapist in 92780, CA
Melissa Hurtado-Haghighi
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Tustin, CA 92780
It's not uncommon to find ourselves caught in repetitive patterns that affect various aspects of our lives, be it our thoughts, emotions, or actions. These patterns can have a profound impact on our professional life, relationships, and overall family dynamics. Overwhelmed, disconnected, and unfulfilled may describe how you feel, but it doesn't have to be your reality. The weight of the world's expectations, combined with the self-imposed pressures, can be burdensome. You don't have to reach your breaking point before seeking a way out, you are deserving of a fulfilling life.
It's not uncommon to find ourselves caught in repetitive patterns that affect various aspects of our lives, be it our thoughts, emotions, or actions. These patterns can have a profound impact on our professional life, relationships, and overall family dynamics. Overwhelmed, disconnected, and unfulfilled may describe how you feel, but it doesn't have to be your reality. The weight of the world's expectations, combined with the self-imposed pressures, can be burdensome. You don't have to reach your breaking point before seeking a way out, you are deserving of a fulfilling life.
(714) 492-1497 View (714) 492-1497
Photo of Shabnam S Cherry, Marriage & Family Therapist in 92780, CA
Shabnam S Cherry
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Tustin, CA 92780
Are you feeling down? Are there conflicts in your family? Are you concerned about your relationship, or have you had a recent breakup or loss? Are you struggling at work or in school? Do you feel anxious or angry? There are times when feelings of sadness, anxiety, or anger overwhelm us and we need someone to talk to. During those difficult times, it is comforting to know that there is someone you can talk to in a safe environment, where you can express yourself without fear of judgment or shame.
Are you feeling down? Are there conflicts in your family? Are you concerned about your relationship, or have you had a recent breakup or loss? Are you struggling at work or in school? Do you feel anxious or angry? There are times when feelings of sadness, anxiety, or anger overwhelm us and we need someone to talk to. During those difficult times, it is comforting to know that there is someone you can talk to in a safe environment, where you can express yourself without fear of judgment or shame.
(949) 899-8560 View (949) 899-8560
Photo of Beatriz Garcia, Marriage & Family Therapist in 92780, CA
Beatriz Garcia
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
Tustin, CA 92780
Today you are one step closer to a new you where you feel empowered and on a positive path to growth and well-being. My goal is to help you uncover your true potential and lead a life that is worth celebrating.
Today you are one step closer to a new you where you feel empowered and on a positive path to growth and well-being. My goal is to help you uncover your true potential and lead a life that is worth celebrating.
(949) 870-9643 View (949) 870-9643
Lisa Jan Friedman
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MA, MBA, AMFT
Verified Verified
Tustin, CA 92780  (Online Only)
I offer a safe environment where clients feel they are heard. I offer a non-judgemental space for clients to develop self-agency and control over their lives. Clients who are anxious, depressed, and with low self esteem can develop goals and steps to reduce anxiety and depression.
I offer a safe environment where clients feel they are heard. I offer a non-judgemental space for clients to develop self-agency and control over their lives. Clients who are anxious, depressed, and with low self esteem can develop goals and steps to reduce anxiety and depression.
(714) 706-1611 View (714) 706-1611

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 92780

300+

Average cost per session

$151

Therapists in 92780 who prioritize treating:

93% Anxiety
91% Depression
84% Relationship Issues
78% Self Esteem
70% Coping Skills
68% Trauma and PTSD
67% Grief

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

67% Cigna and Evernorth
57% Aetna
50% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in 92780 see their clients

90% In Person and Online
10% Online Only

Gender breakdown

79% Female
20% Male
1% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 92780?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.