Photo of Bernadette Mulvenna, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Bernadette Mulvenna
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Santa Ana, CA 92705
Welcome "To Your Journey of Self or Couple Empowerment-Enhancing Your Inner Self!" I work with both individuals and couples who identify as either Heterosexual or LGBTQ+; I specialize working to create and maintain a loving, respectful and thriving relationship with themselves or a partner relationship. My goal is to assist my clients to problem solve their various life issues, such as low self-esteem, career stressors and relationship choices through these strategies: improving communication, intimacy building, managing conflicts, reducing stress, and strengthening parenting and co-parenting skills.
Welcome "To Your Journey of Self or Couple Empowerment-Enhancing Your Inner Self!" I work with both individuals and couples who identify as either Heterosexual or LGBTQ+; I specialize working to create and maintain a loving, respectful and thriving relationship with themselves or a partner relationship. My goal is to assist my clients to problem solve their various life issues, such as low self-esteem, career stressors and relationship choices through these strategies: improving communication, intimacy building, managing conflicts, reducing stress, and strengthening parenting and co-parenting skills.
(949) 246-8389 View (949) 246-8389
Photo of Praachi Shah - Peace of Mind Wellness and Family Counseling, MA, AMFT, APCC, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate
Peace of Mind Wellness and Family Counseling
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MA, AMFT, APCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Santa Ana, CA 92705
Hello! I'm Praachi, an Associate Marriage and Family Therapist (AMFT) and Associate Professional Clinical Counselor (APCC) with a passion for fostering growth and resilience. With a warm and empathetic presence, I guide individuals through life's challenges, empowering them to thrive and reach their goals. Drawing from a diverse toolkit, including attachment theory, DBT, CBT, mindfulness, Gottman theory, and motivational interviewing, I tailor each session to support clients in realizing their full potential. My mission is to cultivate connections, provide unconditional support, and help with stressors to create meaningful change.
Hello! I'm Praachi, an Associate Marriage and Family Therapist (AMFT) and Associate Professional Clinical Counselor (APCC) with a passion for fostering growth and resilience. With a warm and empathetic presence, I guide individuals through life's challenges, empowering them to thrive and reach their goals. Drawing from a diverse toolkit, including attachment theory, DBT, CBT, mindfulness, Gottman theory, and motivational interviewing, I tailor each session to support clients in realizing their full potential. My mission is to cultivate connections, provide unconditional support, and help with stressors to create meaningful change.
(714) 410-6372 View (714) 410-6372
Photo of Flor Yousefian Tehrani, PsyD, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Flor Yousefian Tehrani
Marriage & Family Therapist, PsyD, LMFT
Verified Verified
Santa Ana, CA 92705
Mental health is an important part of our well-being, and yet often times gets pushed aside or ignored because we feel like we can get through it on our own; are too embarrassed or ashamed to talk about it; or don’t think anyone would understand. Recognizing that you need support and searching for help are the first important steps in your journey to well-being. My intent is to help you grow from your struggles, heal from your pain and work toward your goals.
Mental health is an important part of our well-being, and yet often times gets pushed aside or ignored because we feel like we can get through it on our own; are too embarrassed or ashamed to talk about it; or don’t think anyone would understand. Recognizing that you need support and searching for help are the first important steps in your journey to well-being. My intent is to help you grow from your struggles, heal from your pain and work toward your goals.
(714) 947-1072 View (714) 947-1072
Photo of Michael Joanitis
Michael Joanitis
Associate Professional Clinical Counselor
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Santa Ana, CA 92705
When you've been negatively influenced, hurt, or pressured in the name of faith, it can leave you with feelings of confusion, anger, grief, doubt, and shame. As a therapist, I have seen firsthand how the church can become an unsafe place. My own experiences in the church have led me to value the agency and identity of every human deeply. I understand the pain of abuse and trauma as a result of unsafe and unhealthy religious systems and want you to know your experience matters.
When you've been negatively influenced, hurt, or pressured in the name of faith, it can leave you with feelings of confusion, anger, grief, doubt, and shame. As a therapist, I have seen firsthand how the church can become an unsafe place. My own experiences in the church have led me to value the agency and identity of every human deeply. I understand the pain of abuse and trauma as a result of unsafe and unhealthy religious systems and want you to know your experience matters.
(949) 749-6156 View (949) 749-6156
Photo of Allison Beauchamp, AMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate
Allison Beauchamp
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, AMFT
Verified Verified
Santa Ana, CA 92705
Do you feel like something is holding you back from reaching your full potential? I understand that seeking therapy can be a courageous step, and I am here to support you on your journey towards healing and growth. Whether you’ve experienced a single traumatic event or ongoing adversity, I provide a safe and nurturing space for you to explore your experiences, process your emotions, and reclaim a sense of empowerment.
Do you feel like something is holding you back from reaching your full potential? I understand that seeking therapy can be a courageous step, and I am here to support you on your journey towards healing and growth. Whether you’ve experienced a single traumatic event or ongoing adversity, I provide a safe and nurturing space for you to explore your experiences, process your emotions, and reclaim a sense of empowerment.
(949) 693-8129 View (949) 693-8129
Photo of Angelika Panova, LMFT, PMHNP, RN, Marriage & Family Therapist
Angelika Panova
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, PMHNP, RN
Verified Verified
Santa Ana, CA 92705
I worked with broad range of clients- kids, individuals, couples. I have been supervising several addiction and dual diagnosis clinics. I treated successfully hundreds of patients and helped to find best solution to the most difficult situation or problem my patients faced. I help my patients to rebuild relationships based on honesty, understanding, forgiveness, and trust. I teach coping skills to regulate your impulses, emotions, increase your sense of personal identity , improve your judgment, reduce the sense of crisis in your life and find healthy solutions. I offer Neurofeedback training that helps to enhance physical, mental performance, improves memories.
I worked with broad range of clients- kids, individuals, couples. I have been supervising several addiction and dual diagnosis clinics. I treated successfully hundreds of patients and helped to find best solution to the most difficult situation or problem my patients faced. I help my patients to rebuild relationships based on honesty, understanding, forgiveness, and trust. I teach coping skills to regulate your impulses, emotions, increase your sense of personal identity , improve your judgment, reduce the sense of crisis in your life and find healthy solutions. I offer Neurofeedback training that helps to enhance physical, mental performance, improves memories.
(657) 306-5351 View (657) 306-5351
Photo of Valerie Lang, MS, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Valerie Lang
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Santa Ana, CA 92705
Not accepting new clients
Are you feeling anxious or depressed? Are you trying to fix yourself but continue to end up with the same results? Perhaps you find yourself in a life transition, or situation, and desire clarity and peace. You are not alone. I can help. As a therapist, I have the professional knowledge and experience to help support and assist you. I am compassionate and provide a safe therapeutic space where you will be understood. Together, we can begin to explore and begin to develop a life where you find meaning, fulfillment, and joy.
Are you feeling anxious or depressed? Are you trying to fix yourself but continue to end up with the same results? Perhaps you find yourself in a life transition, or situation, and desire clarity and peace. You are not alone. I can help. As a therapist, I have the professional knowledge and experience to help support and assist you. I am compassionate and provide a safe therapeutic space where you will be understood. Together, we can begin to explore and begin to develop a life where you find meaning, fulfillment, and joy.
(951) 376-5212 View (951) 376-5212
Photo of Tran Luu-Yang, PsyD, MA, BCBA, Psychologist
Tran Luu-Yang
Psychologist, PsyD, MA, BCBA
Verified Verified
Santa Ana, CA 92705
At Footprints Behavioral Interventions, what sets us apart from other behavioral health agencies is that we offer comprehensive psychological services including the diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Learning Disability, developmental problems, mood and anxiety disorders, personality disorders, and neurocognitive impairments. Our psychological services also include individual child and adult psychotherapy, ABA interventions, psychoeducation, parenting groups, and social skills training.
At Footprints Behavioral Interventions, what sets us apart from other behavioral health agencies is that we offer comprehensive psychological services including the diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Learning Disability, developmental problems, mood and anxiety disorders, personality disorders, and neurocognitive impairments. Our psychological services also include individual child and adult psychotherapy, ABA interventions, psychoeducation, parenting groups, and social skills training.
(949) 374-5861 View (949) 374-5861
Photo of Kirsten N. Gist, AMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate
Kirsten N. Gist
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, AMFT
Not Verified Not Verified
Santa Ana, CA 92705
Not accepting new clients
Are you feeling negative emotions that will not seem to ease up? Struggling in your relationships? Have you tried to make changes on your own but continue to feel stuck in a negative cycle? Life can be difficult and relationships are complicated. Therapy can assist you in identifying those thoughts and behavior patterns that create life's challenges. I believe that when a committed client collaborates with a caring professional, a move towards healing is more than possible.
Are you feeling negative emotions that will not seem to ease up? Struggling in your relationships? Have you tried to make changes on your own but continue to feel stuck in a negative cycle? Life can be difficult and relationships are complicated. Therapy can assist you in identifying those thoughts and behavior patterns that create life's challenges. I believe that when a committed client collaborates with a caring professional, a move towards healing is more than possible.
(714) 970-4333 View (714) 970-4333
Photo of Heather Orrantia, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate
Heather Orrantia
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate
Verified Verified
Santa Ana, CA 92705  (Online Only)
Welcome to a space of healing and self-discovery. I am a compassionate and dedicated therapist with a passion for guiding individuals on their journey towards mental well-being. I work collaboratively with clients to address a wide range of emotional and psychological challenges. My therapeutic philosophy is rooted in creating a safe and non-judgmental environment where clients can explore their thoughts and feelings openly. I believe in the innate resilience of each person and work collaboratively to empower clients in navigating life's complexities.
Welcome to a space of healing and self-discovery. I am a compassionate and dedicated therapist with a passion for guiding individuals on their journey towards mental well-being. I work collaboratively with clients to address a wide range of emotional and psychological challenges. My therapeutic philosophy is rooted in creating a safe and non-judgmental environment where clients can explore their thoughts and feelings openly. I believe in the innate resilience of each person and work collaboratively to empower clients in navigating life's complexities.
(949) 996-0450 View (949) 996-0450
Photo of Richard J. Kaufman, MFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Richard J. Kaufman
Marriage & Family Therapist, MFT
Verified Verified
Santa Ana, CA 92705
I believe each individual is unique. My greatest strength is helping people make positive choices in their lives. I would like to assist you in navagating a course of success in relationships, improve communication and learn to feel better about yourself.
I believe each individual is unique. My greatest strength is helping people make positive choices in their lives. I would like to assist you in navagating a course of success in relationships, improve communication and learn to feel better about yourself.
(714) 336-3732 View (714) 336-3732
Photo of Nadine E Tardie - Nadine Tardie Counseling, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Nadine Tardie Counseling
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Santa Ana, CA 92705  (Online Only)
Perhaps you have lost confidence and hope. Maybe you aren’t sleeping well. You’re reaching for wine or coffee or cookies too often. You don’t feel like yourself and you aren’t sure how that happened. Let’s work together to find out where and when things got difficult. Then we can find hope that things will get better, that you’ll feel better as together we find your strengths and goals.
Perhaps you have lost confidence and hope. Maybe you aren’t sleeping well. You’re reaching for wine or coffee or cookies too often. You don’t feel like yourself and you aren’t sure how that happened. Let’s work together to find out where and when things got difficult. Then we can find hope that things will get better, that you’ll feel better as together we find your strengths and goals.
(657) 214-7637 View (657) 214-7637
Photo of Catherine McRay, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Catherine McRay
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Santa Ana, CA 92705
Hi there, I'm Catherine! I am an LMFT with experience treating severe mental health disorders, and adolescents dealing with a wide variety of trauma, domestic violence, sex trafficking, addiction, and parenting practices. No matter what the experience is, I work from a trauma-informed care approach which provides an environment of understanding, compassion, and a non-judgmental experience. I often practice Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Motivational Interviewing, Solution Focused Therapy, and Dialectical Behavior Therapy, depending on what is needed for the client. I also integrate Attachment Theory into many of my sessions.
Hi there, I'm Catherine! I am an LMFT with experience treating severe mental health disorders, and adolescents dealing with a wide variety of trauma, domestic violence, sex trafficking, addiction, and parenting practices. No matter what the experience is, I work from a trauma-informed care approach which provides an environment of understanding, compassion, and a non-judgmental experience. I often practice Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Motivational Interviewing, Solution Focused Therapy, and Dialectical Behavior Therapy, depending on what is needed for the client. I also integrate Attachment Theory into many of my sessions.
(909) 415-5012 View (909) 415-5012
Photo of Delaney Ellis, MSW, ASW, Pre-Licensed Professional
Delaney Ellis
Pre-Licensed Professional, MSW, ASW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Santa Ana, CA 92705  (Online Only)
Dedicated therapist passionate about empowering women to overcome depression and anxiety. Goals typically include gaining insights into emotions, fostering self-acceptance, and developing practical skills to navigate life's challenges. Women often aspire to cultivate a greater sense of control over their mental health, enhance their overall quality of life, and build stronger, more fulfilling connections with others.
Dedicated therapist passionate about empowering women to overcome depression and anxiety. Goals typically include gaining insights into emotions, fostering self-acceptance, and developing practical skills to navigate life's challenges. Women often aspire to cultivate a greater sense of control over their mental health, enhance their overall quality of life, and build stronger, more fulfilling connections with others.
(858) 648-6095 View (858) 648-6095
Photo of Sherlyn Frank, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Sherlyn Frank
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Santa Ana, CA 92705  (Online Only)
With more than 25 years as a Licensed Clinical Social Worker, I specialize in aiding high-achieving Black women grappling with perfectionism, self-doubt, and depression. My approach blends conventional psychotherapeutic and somatic techniques with spiritual practices and tangible lifestyle adjustments. Together, we devise a personalized plan to realign with your innermost desires and rediscover suppressed needs and aspirations.
With more than 25 years as a Licensed Clinical Social Worker, I specialize in aiding high-achieving Black women grappling with perfectionism, self-doubt, and depression. My approach blends conventional psychotherapeutic and somatic techniques with spiritual practices and tangible lifestyle adjustments. Together, we devise a personalized plan to realign with your innermost desires and rediscover suppressed needs and aspirations.
(657) 571-3343 View (657) 571-3343
Photo of Eric Foti, LMFT, CADC-II, Marriage & Family Therapist
Eric Foti
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, CADC-II
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Santa Ana, CA 92705
I believe the main goal of therapy is to remove the obstacles and blockages that preclude us from being genuine. My approach is straightforward yet compassionate. As your therapist, I simply hold the mirror up and allow you to reveal the parts of yourself that have broken off over the years as a result of stress, trauma, depression, anxiety, and other unresolved issues. Together we mitigate the impact of maladaptive behaviors and search for answers that are more closely aligned with your goals. The answers to many of life’s problems are internal, but we have been conditioned otherwise.
I believe the main goal of therapy is to remove the obstacles and blockages that preclude us from being genuine. My approach is straightforward yet compassionate. As your therapist, I simply hold the mirror up and allow you to reveal the parts of yourself that have broken off over the years as a result of stress, trauma, depression, anxiety, and other unresolved issues. Together we mitigate the impact of maladaptive behaviors and search for answers that are more closely aligned with your goals. The answers to many of life’s problems are internal, but we have been conditioned otherwise.
(949) 799-4295 View (949) 799-4295
Photo of John Whittington, MS, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
John Whittington
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
Santa Ana, CA 92705
For the last 16 years I have loved assisting others. Every person has intrinsic value, you have intrinsic value - that is worth rediscovering and celebrating. I believe every person has the right to a fulfilling, purposeful, and satisfying life. Sometimes events in life may have caused self doubts due to traumatic events or loss that can steal happiness and connection, or a sense of feeling unworthy of love. I truly enjoy listening and talking with you individually, as a couple, or a family, I'm honored to join with you in your journey of growth and the new possibilities of a fulfilling and connected life.
For the last 16 years I have loved assisting others. Every person has intrinsic value, you have intrinsic value - that is worth rediscovering and celebrating. I believe every person has the right to a fulfilling, purposeful, and satisfying life. Sometimes events in life may have caused self doubts due to traumatic events or loss that can steal happiness and connection, or a sense of feeling unworthy of love. I truly enjoy listening and talking with you individually, as a couple, or a family, I'm honored to join with you in your journey of growth and the new possibilities of a fulfilling and connected life.
(949) 281-7002 View (949) 281-7002
Photo of Dr. Annahita Mahdavi West, PhD , AMFT, CATC-V, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate
Dr. Annahita Mahdavi West
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, PhD , AMFT, CATC-V
Verified Verified
Santa Ana, CA 92705  (Online Only)
I work in a nonprofit agency that offers low-fee/sliding scale therapy. I approach this field of psychotherapy as a sacred space. A space of human connectivity. A space safe and free of judgments and biases. I attempt to provide the utmost empathy and a safe space for my clients to be able to address the issues they need help with. I believe in being solution-focused while addressing the underlying causes of repetitive patterns in order to stop the self-destructive cycles that produce unfavorable results. My goal is to help you to change your behavior to promote positive outcomes towards your mental and emotional wellbeing.
I work in a nonprofit agency that offers low-fee/sliding scale therapy. I approach this field of psychotherapy as a sacred space. A space of human connectivity. A space safe and free of judgments and biases. I attempt to provide the utmost empathy and a safe space for my clients to be able to address the issues they need help with. I believe in being solution-focused while addressing the underlying causes of repetitive patterns in order to stop the self-destructive cycles that produce unfavorable results. My goal is to help you to change your behavior to promote positive outcomes towards your mental and emotional wellbeing.
(949) 625-0572 View (949) 625-0572
Photo of Terrie Butorac, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Terrie Butorac
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Santa Ana, CA 92705
Are you struggling with life not working for you? I can help you in your journey of better coping, a feeling of wholeness and peace by looking at what thoughts and behaviors are blocking you from having that life you want. I am a client-centered, cognitive behavioral and solution-focused therapist who will walk beside you as you discover wellness and make life long changes to improve your life.
Are you struggling with life not working for you? I can help you in your journey of better coping, a feeling of wholeness and peace by looking at what thoughts and behaviors are blocking you from having that life you want. I am a client-centered, cognitive behavioral and solution-focused therapist who will walk beside you as you discover wellness and make life long changes to improve your life.
(619) 391-9021 View (619) 391-9021
Photo of Cory Ball, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Cory Ball
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Santa Ana, CA 92705
Life poses many challenges and seasons for us all and most of the time we are able to take control of these situations in a healthy manner and move forward. However, sometimes we are unexpectedly troubled by our experiences and need help navigating beyond them. It is with these moments that therapy can offer insight into the cause, objective feedback, and treatment that will help you to move forward in a happy and healthy way.
Life poses many challenges and seasons for us all and most of the time we are able to take control of these situations in a healthy manner and move forward. However, sometimes we are unexpectedly troubled by our experiences and need help navigating beyond them. It is with these moments that therapy can offer insight into the cause, objective feedback, and treatment that will help you to move forward in a happy and healthy way.
(949) 536-7324 View (949) 536-7324

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 92705

100+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in 92705 who prioritize treating:

94% Anxiety
92% Depression
78% Relationship Issues
73% Self Esteem
72% Coping Skills
68% Grief
67% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

14 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

86% Cigna and Evernorth
72% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
69% Optum

How Therapists in 92705 see their clients

86% In Person and Online
14% Online Only

Gender breakdown

76% Female
23% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 92705?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.