Photo of Elizabeth Pasipanodya, LCP, Psychologist
Elizabeth Pasipanodya
Psychologist, LCP
Verified Verified
My name is Elizabeth Pasipanodya, and I am a licensed clinical psychologist with over 10 years of experience working with adults (18+) who are in the state of California through telehealth. I use evidence-based approaches, including cognitive behavioral therapy, acceptance and commitment therapy, exposure, and mindfulness-based therapy. Common to these approaches is a present-focus and collaboration where we will work towards your goals for therapy.
My name is Elizabeth Pasipanodya, and I am a licensed clinical psychologist with over 10 years of experience working with adults (18+) who are in the state of California through telehealth. I use evidence-based approaches, including cognitive behavioral therapy, acceptance and commitment therapy, exposure, and mindfulness-based therapy. Common to these approaches is a present-focus and collaboration where we will work towards your goals for therapy.
(909) 324-5497 View (909) 324-5497
Photo of Katrina Blackwell, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Katrina Blackwell
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
My name is Katrina Blackwell and I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) based in Los Angeles, California, working with clients statewide via telehealth. I work with adults and specialize in anxiety, stress, and life transitions, using Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Life Coaching to help my clients make progress and reach their personal goals. My approach to therapy is based on the needs of each client I work with. I select the modality that will help determine the client’s mindset and thought patterns, allowing myself and the client to develop steps toward goal attainment.
My name is Katrina Blackwell and I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) based in Los Angeles, California, working with clients statewide via telehealth. I work with adults and specialize in anxiety, stress, and life transitions, using Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Life Coaching to help my clients make progress and reach their personal goals. My approach to therapy is based on the needs of each client I work with. I select the modality that will help determine the client’s mindset and thought patterns, allowing myself and the client to develop steps toward goal attainment.
(909) 378-9405 View (909) 378-9405
Photo of Karen Kaiser, LPCC
Karen Kaiser
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, LPCC
Verified Verified
Hello, my name is Karen Kaiser, I'm a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor. I have worked in behavioral health since 1986 and believe in a client-centered approach. I view my role as a therapist not as an expert dictating your path, but as a guide accompanying you on your journey towards healing and self-discovery. I believe that each individual holds the key to their own well-being; my job is to support you in unlocking your inherent potential and navigating the challenges that arise along the way.
Hello, my name is Karen Kaiser, I'm a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor. I have worked in behavioral health since 1986 and believe in a client-centered approach. I view my role as a therapist not as an expert dictating your path, but as a guide accompanying you on your journey towards healing and self-discovery. I believe that each individual holds the key to their own well-being; my job is to support you in unlocking your inherent potential and navigating the challenges that arise along the way.
(951) 540-0241 View (951) 540-0241
Photo of Brent Carter, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Brent Carter
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Hello. I am Brent Carter MA,MFT. I'm a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist in California. (LMFT 41193). My approach to therapy is to create an environment where you can explore your feelings and emotions in an atomosphere of trust and acceptance. I see myself as a guide on your personal journey where you are making the decisions about where and when to turn. I view the therapist role as one of support but it is you who chooses. Ideally I would redirect you if you appear to be moving towards a dead-end or in a dangerous direction. But in the end, you are the one making the decisions about your life.
Hello. I am Brent Carter MA,MFT. I'm a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist in California. (LMFT 41193). My approach to therapy is to create an environment where you can explore your feelings and emotions in an atomosphere of trust and acceptance. I see myself as a guide on your personal journey where you are making the decisions about where and when to turn. I view the therapist role as one of support but it is you who chooses. Ideally I would redirect you if you appear to be moving towards a dead-end or in a dangerous direction. But in the end, you are the one making the decisions about your life.
(909) 443-2727 View (909) 443-2727
Photo of Julee Loces, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Julee Loces
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
My name is Julee Loces, and I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker. I use a person-centered, individualized approach to therapy. I understand everyone is unique with their own values, experiences, and struggles in life. I have had the opportunity to work with a variety of clients from different races, cultures, and countries and who are dealing with different issues. I have experience in helping those who suffer from anxiety, depression, panic attacks, faith transitions, eating disorders, PTSD, and life stressors such as interpersonal relationships and school or job stress.
My name is Julee Loces, and I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker. I use a person-centered, individualized approach to therapy. I understand everyone is unique with their own values, experiences, and struggles in life. I have had the opportunity to work with a variety of clients from different races, cultures, and countries and who are dealing with different issues. I have experience in helping those who suffer from anxiety, depression, panic attacks, faith transitions, eating disorders, PTSD, and life stressors such as interpersonal relationships and school or job stress.
(909) 639-6503 View (909) 639-6503
Photo of Marni Haggstrom, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Marni Haggstrom
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Hello. Welcome to Rua. I’m Marni Haggstrom, a California Licensed Clinical Social Worker. I have been a therapist for almost 30 years! In order to join with you in helping you achieve your goals, I will utilize a variety of therapeutic modalities, with a plan specifically molded to you, and what you bring into the session. Interventions may come from Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Trauma Focused CBT, Solution Focused Therapy, Person-Centered Therapy, and any others that will make sense for your needs. With a focus on depression and anxiety, my practice currently embraces all adults, but especially older adults.
Hello. Welcome to Rua. I’m Marni Haggstrom, a California Licensed Clinical Social Worker. I have been a therapist for almost 30 years! In order to join with you in helping you achieve your goals, I will utilize a variety of therapeutic modalities, with a plan specifically molded to you, and what you bring into the session. Interventions may come from Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Trauma Focused CBT, Solution Focused Therapy, Person-Centered Therapy, and any others that will make sense for your needs. With a focus on depression and anxiety, my practice currently embraces all adults, but especially older adults.
(661) 760-7928 View (661) 760-7928
Photo of Jacqueline Hong, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Jacqueline Hong
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Jacqueline Hong, LMFT124664, has extensive knowledge and experience working with adults with undiagnosed/diagnosed ADHD. I also work with disorders comorbid with ADHD, such as anxiety, panic, and depression with anxious features. My approach to therapy is mainly psychodynamic and relational, but also integrative since the needs of the client are all different. My approach to therapy is integrative. I mainly use psychodynamic and relational approaches. However, I use CBT for initial symptom reduction.
Jacqueline Hong, LMFT124664, has extensive knowledge and experience working with adults with undiagnosed/diagnosed ADHD. I also work with disorders comorbid with ADHD, such as anxiety, panic, and depression with anxious features. My approach to therapy is mainly psychodynamic and relational, but also integrative since the needs of the client are all different. My approach to therapy is integrative. I mainly use psychodynamic and relational approaches. However, I use CBT for initial symptom reduction.
(424) 544-8487 View (424) 544-8487
Photo of Bryan Balvaneda, LCP, Psychologist
Bryan Balvaneda
Psychologist, LCP
Verified Verified
Hi there, I'm Dr. Bryan Balvaneda, PhD, and I am a Licensed Clinical Psychologist based in San Diego, California. I consider myself a guide - I help you head toward your goals in a healthy and meaningful manner, whether these goals are about relieving stress, a mental health issue, or pursuing personal growth. I enjoy working with people across the spectrum of adulthood. I have the most experience working with students in university settings and navigating high-stress environments.
Hi there, I'm Dr. Bryan Balvaneda, PhD, and I am a Licensed Clinical Psychologist based in San Diego, California. I consider myself a guide - I help you head toward your goals in a healthy and meaningful manner, whether these goals are about relieving stress, a mental health issue, or pursuing personal growth. I enjoy working with people across the spectrum of adulthood. I have the most experience working with students in university settings and navigating high-stress environments.
(714) 844-8895 View (714) 844-8895
Photo of Alison Adler, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Alison Adler
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Welcome! I'm a Licensed Psychotherapist with more than 20 years of experience based in California and hold licenses in Texas and Virginia as well. Clients are commonly surprised by how quickly they feel comfortable, and a therapeutic connection is established. Congratulations on taking a risk to improve your quality of life. Good Job! I prefer an interactive client-centered approach utilizing eclectic modalities tailored to the uniqueness of each individual. To serve you well I have to get to know you. That process will begin in our first session with a combination of questions and free discussion.
Welcome! I'm a Licensed Psychotherapist with more than 20 years of experience based in California and hold licenses in Texas and Virginia as well. Clients are commonly surprised by how quickly they feel comfortable, and a therapeutic connection is established. Congratulations on taking a risk to improve your quality of life. Good Job! I prefer an interactive client-centered approach utilizing eclectic modalities tailored to the uniqueness of each individual. To serve you well I have to get to know you. That process will begin in our first session with a combination of questions and free discussion.
(657) 837-2827 View (657) 837-2827
Photo of Alberto Valenzuela, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Alberto Valenzuela
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
I am humbled by the opportunity to work with clients in therapy. My focus is on creating a safe, supportive and non-judgmental space for clients to bring and work through whatever they bring to treatment. My background includes working with children, youth, and adults with an array of issues, including anxiety, depression, trauma, and family issues, all through a culturally sensitive lens.
I am humbled by the opportunity to work with clients in therapy. My focus is on creating a safe, supportive and non-judgmental space for clients to bring and work through whatever they bring to treatment. My background includes working with children, youth, and adults with an array of issues, including anxiety, depression, trauma, and family issues, all through a culturally sensitive lens.
(408) 514-5143 View (408) 514-5143
Photo of Judy Wahl Talley, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Judy Wahl Talley
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Judy Wahl Talley LMFT 109568. My approach is mindfulness-based and trauma-informed. I work primarily with individuals and couples, ages teens to seniors. My clients have commonly experienced traumas of different sorts, either in childhood or adulthood. Clients can be experiencing symptoms of depression, anxiety, worthlessness, hopelessness, ADHD, dissociation, PTSD, conflict in relationships, sleep disturbances, or struggling with addictions. Many feel alienated from this society and even their own families. I utilize therapies known to help heal these struggles.
Judy Wahl Talley LMFT 109568. My approach is mindfulness-based and trauma-informed. I work primarily with individuals and couples, ages teens to seniors. My clients have commonly experienced traumas of different sorts, either in childhood or adulthood. Clients can be experiencing symptoms of depression, anxiety, worthlessness, hopelessness, ADHD, dissociation, PTSD, conflict in relationships, sleep disturbances, or struggling with addictions. Many feel alienated from this society and even their own families. I utilize therapies known to help heal these struggles.
(310) 361-4143 View (310) 361-4143
Photo of Connie Taylor, PhD, Psychologist
Connie Taylor
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Relationships can be difficult and I believe that the relationship we cultivate with ourselves is of utmost importance in the way we communicate with others. Are we accepting and compassionate when we notice mistakes or are we critical and judgmental? By improving our ''inside voices' we can alleviate much of the stress and tension in our lives. When working with individuals, couples, or groups, I remain unbiased and non-judgmental as I attempt to be a "clear mirror" for Self discovery. I believe that "life doesn't happen TO us. It happens FOR us." As an Imago therapist, I enjoy working with couples very much.
Relationships can be difficult and I believe that the relationship we cultivate with ourselves is of utmost importance in the way we communicate with others. Are we accepting and compassionate when we notice mistakes or are we critical and judgmental? By improving our ''inside voices' we can alleviate much of the stress and tension in our lives. When working with individuals, couples, or groups, I remain unbiased and non-judgmental as I attempt to be a "clear mirror" for Self discovery. I believe that "life doesn't happen TO us. It happens FOR us." As an Imago therapist, I enjoy working with couples very much.
(909) 474-7668 View (909) 474-7668
Photo of Jennifer Weniger, PhD, Psychologist
Jennifer Weniger
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
San Bernardino, CA 92410  (Online Only)
Thank you for the opportunity to introduce myself to you! I am a licensed psychologist in Colorado, California and Texas with over 27 years of experience. I have two doctoral degrees in psychology and an additional master's degree in marriage and family therapy. I am a national and international author and lecturer in the field of psychology. I believe in the potential and desire of every person to find their purpose and happiness in life. Therapy will provide you with support and skills to help you navigate through difficult times. I am here to listen, support, encourage, and provide feedback.
Thank you for the opportunity to introduce myself to you! I am a licensed psychologist in Colorado, California and Texas with over 27 years of experience. I have two doctoral degrees in psychology and an additional master's degree in marriage and family therapy. I am a national and international author and lecturer in the field of psychology. I believe in the potential and desire of every person to find their purpose and happiness in life. Therapy will provide you with support and skills to help you navigate through difficult times. I am here to listen, support, encourage, and provide feedback.
(719) 215-5783 View (719) 215-5783
Photo of Margaret Atkisson, MSW, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Margaret Atkisson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
What are you seeking? For over 30 years, I've been helping people identify, understand and work through the core issues that have led to depression, anxiety, panic attacks, anger, poor self-worth, unwanted behaviors and unhealthy relationships. I have worked with a range of issues, including childhood abuses and multiple sources of trauma.
What are you seeking? For over 30 years, I've been helping people identify, understand and work through the core issues that have led to depression, anxiety, panic attacks, anger, poor self-worth, unwanted behaviors and unhealthy relationships. I have worked with a range of issues, including childhood abuses and multiple sources of trauma.
(909) 954-0428 View (909) 954-0428
Photo of William Carey Shearer, Psychologist
William Carey Shearer
Psychologist
Verified Verified
San Bernardino, CA 92410  (Online Only)
Are you struggling with stress, anxiety, food and weight issues, addictive or compulsive behaviors, or relationship problems? I provide a mindfulness based approach to Relationship building, managing stress and anxiety, and achieving well-being. For decades, we have focused on clients who want much more out of life, without the disabling qualities of anxiety, depression, and compulsive behavior. We help clients become more aware of the self-defeating stories they tell themselves, while becoming better able to live fuller, richer and empowered lives based upon an acceptance of what IS along with the courage to make solid and lasting changes.
Are you struggling with stress, anxiety, food and weight issues, addictive or compulsive behaviors, or relationship problems? I provide a mindfulness based approach to Relationship building, managing stress and anxiety, and achieving well-being. For decades, we have focused on clients who want much more out of life, without the disabling qualities of anxiety, depression, and compulsive behavior. We help clients become more aware of the self-defeating stories they tell themselves, while becoming better able to live fuller, richer and empowered lives based upon an acceptance of what IS along with the courage to make solid and lasting changes.
(951) 292-7261 View (951) 292-7261
Photo of undefined - Clay Counseling Solutions, EdD, LMFT, MA, PPSC, Marriage & Family Therapist
Clay Counseling Solutions
Marriage & Family Therapist, EdD, LMFT, MA, PPSC
Verified Verified
I am Dr. April Clay, the CEO and director of Clay Counseling Solutions, Inc (CCS), and a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist. We aspire to bring out the best in the individuals, families and schools we serve. We are a community oriented team, passionate about providing evidence-based counseling services. We provide culturally competent counseling services to schools, families and individuals throughout San Bernardino County. Our school-based services include Tier I - Tier III level support (individual or group), restorative circles, staff training, classes for parents, groups, workshops and assemblies for students.
I am Dr. April Clay, the CEO and director of Clay Counseling Solutions, Inc (CCS), and a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist. We aspire to bring out the best in the individuals, families and schools we serve. We are a community oriented team, passionate about providing evidence-based counseling services. We provide culturally competent counseling services to schools, families and individuals throughout San Bernardino County. Our school-based services include Tier I - Tier III level support (individual or group), restorative circles, staff training, classes for parents, groups, workshops and assemblies for students.
(909) 767-6389 View (909) 767-6389
Moises Ponce
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
My passion is to help people, by listening and by working together to find practical solutions, I would never judge or impose my views but I would always empathize and try to understand the situation. I am bi-lingual and bi-cultural with a vast experience treating families, couples and adolescents. My goal is to always have a "good session" and for you to come out encouraged and empowered.
My passion is to help people, by listening and by working together to find practical solutions, I would never judge or impose my views but I would always empathize and try to understand the situation. I am bi-lingual and bi-cultural with a vast experience treating families, couples and adolescents. My goal is to always have a "good session" and for you to come out encouraged and empowered.
(909) 726-7733 View (909) 726-7733
Photo of Sara Vazquez-Cutler, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Sara Vazquez-Cutler
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Hello, my name is Sara Vazquez-Cutler, and I am a first-generation Latina. My pronouns are she/her/they and I am a member of the LGBTQIA+ community. I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist. I received my Master's of Science in Marriage, Family, and Child Counseling through CSU Fresno. I have been working in the psychotherapy field for the past 5 years as an MFT trainee, registered associate MFT, and now as a Licensed MFT. I view therapy as a collaborative approach between you and me working toward the same goals.
Hello, my name is Sara Vazquez-Cutler, and I am a first-generation Latina. My pronouns are she/her/they and I am a member of the LGBTQIA+ community. I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist. I received my Master's of Science in Marriage, Family, and Child Counseling through CSU Fresno. I have been working in the psychotherapy field for the past 5 years as an MFT trainee, registered associate MFT, and now as a Licensed MFT. I view therapy as a collaborative approach between you and me working toward the same goals.
(925) 320-3735 View (925) 320-3735
Photo of Maria Alonzo, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Maria Alonzo
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
I believe that every person can become their best and be confident in living their best lives. My passion is to help others make sense of their situations and feel happier about themselves, so they can enjoy life in the moment. I am committed to working with you to understand yourself and be more connected with others. We will spend time together to identify ways to heal, communicate better, and enhancing coping strategies and focus on reducing your symptoms by minimizing problematic behaviors, decreasing reactivity, and being less overwhelmed.
I believe that every person can become their best and be confident in living their best lives. My passion is to help others make sense of their situations and feel happier about themselves, so they can enjoy life in the moment. I am committed to working with you to understand yourself and be more connected with others. We will spend time together to identify ways to heal, communicate better, and enhancing coping strategies and focus on reducing your symptoms by minimizing problematic behaviors, decreasing reactivity, and being less overwhelmed.
(951) 307-9494 View (951) 307-9494
Photo of Lisa Bove, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Lisa Bove
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Hi. I’m Lisa Bove, a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) and Christian minister living in Southern California. I have been practicing as an LCSW for 29 years and have been an ordained minister for longer. In my practice I work with people of all religious backgrounds and have been an active participant in many LGBTQI+ religious congregations. I approach therapy from a holistic and client-centered perspective. I love speaking with people, getting to know them, and helping them realize their strengths and work through their challenges.
Hi. I’m Lisa Bove, a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) and Christian minister living in Southern California. I have been practicing as an LCSW for 29 years and have been an ordained minister for longer. In my practice I work with people of all religious backgrounds and have been an active participant in many LGBTQI+ religious congregations. I approach therapy from a holistic and client-centered perspective. I love speaking with people, getting to know them, and helping them realize their strengths and work through their challenges.
(657) 571-2518 View (657) 571-2518

See more therapy options for 92410

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 92410

30+

Average cost per session

$140

Therapists in 92410 who prioritize treating:

92% Anxiety
86% Depression
75% Coping Skills
67% Self Esteem
61% Family Conflict
56% Grief
53% Relationship Issues

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

88% Aetna
85% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
79% MHN | Health Net

How Therapists in 92410 see their clients

84% In Person and Online
16% Online Only

Gender breakdown

75% Female
25% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 92410?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.