Therapists in 92116

Photo of Katie Banks, Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor in 92116, CA
Katie Banks
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, LPCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Diego, CA 92116  (Online Only)
Anyone and everyone is a good fit for therapy. Whether we are just doing small maintenance or big trauma reprocessing, there are tips and tools to all of it. If there's any confusion, question, or concern about life, we can address that in a therapeutic way and help make you feel seen, heard, understood, and most importantly supported through this crazy journey we call life.
Anyone and everyone is a good fit for therapy. Whether we are just doing small maintenance or big trauma reprocessing, there are tips and tools to all of it. If there's any confusion, question, or concern about life, we can address that in a therapeutic way and help make you feel seen, heard, understood, and most importantly supported through this crazy journey we call life.
(619) 389-3454 View (619) 389-3454
Photo of Rachelle Ann Ramos, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in 92116, CA
Rachelle Ann Ramos
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MS
Verified Verified
San Diego, CA 92116  (Online Only)
Clients who seek me out for therapy often identify with historically underrepresented groups such as Black, Indigenous, people of transnational-immigrant diaspora, LGBTQIA+ individuals/couples/CNM configurations, sex workers, and more. My therapy services include but are not limited to supporting individuals/couples/CNM configurations navigating life transitions, processing trauma to release the influence of the past on the present, as well as finding/developing their emotional balance. I have experience working with Consensually Nonmonogamous Configurations as well as Kinky populations in regard to my relational work.
Clients who seek me out for therapy often identify with historically underrepresented groups such as Black, Indigenous, people of transnational-immigrant diaspora, LGBTQIA+ individuals/couples/CNM configurations, sex workers, and more. My therapy services include but are not limited to supporting individuals/couples/CNM configurations navigating life transitions, processing trauma to release the influence of the past on the present, as well as finding/developing their emotional balance. I have experience working with Consensually Nonmonogamous Configurations as well as Kinky populations in regard to my relational work.
(619) 732-3255 View (619) 732-3255
Photo of Roberto Weiss, Marriage & Family Therapist in 92116, CA
Roberto Weiss
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, LPCC
Verified Verified
San Diego, CA 92116  (Online Only)
I am committed to use my extensive experience and the effective skills I have developed throughout my professional career in mental health to help you feel better in a short time. I have a deep understanding of why we end up suffering or are stuck and unable to get to that state of well-being we all deserve and are capable of achieving. Sometimes one just needs a little help from an expert. At a minimum, my aim is that you leave having more insight into what the problem is and how to resolve it. We can do the rest together or you can try on your own. I am confident that you will not regret the experience.
I am committed to use my extensive experience and the effective skills I have developed throughout my professional career in mental health to help you feel better in a short time. I have a deep understanding of why we end up suffering or are stuck and unable to get to that state of well-being we all deserve and are capable of achieving. Sometimes one just needs a little help from an expert. At a minimum, my aim is that you leave having more insight into what the problem is and how to resolve it. We can do the rest together or you can try on your own. I am confident that you will not regret the experience.
(619) 614-7567 View (619) 614-7567
Photo of John Brandeis Boesky, Marriage & Family Therapist in 92116, CA
John Brandeis Boesky
Marriage & Family Therapist, MFT
Verified Verified
San Diego, CA 92116
As a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist, Master NLP Practitioner, IFS Practitioner, Dharma Life Coach, and Sports Psychology Consultant, I LOVE my profession; my work is my passion! I feel deeply fulfilled when my support and guidance empowers my clients to achieve their goals and desired outcomes. I offer my clients my engaged presence, insights, intuition, knowledge, transformative tools and techniques, and resources to generate lots of momentum as they endeavor to grow and live their best lives. So if you’re seeking out a seasoned guide with a warm lantern to walk beside you on your heroic journey, please give me a call!!
As a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist, Master NLP Practitioner, IFS Practitioner, Dharma Life Coach, and Sports Psychology Consultant, I LOVE my profession; my work is my passion! I feel deeply fulfilled when my support and guidance empowers my clients to achieve their goals and desired outcomes. I offer my clients my engaged presence, insights, intuition, knowledge, transformative tools and techniques, and resources to generate lots of momentum as they endeavor to grow and live their best lives. So if you’re seeking out a seasoned guide with a warm lantern to walk beside you on your heroic journey, please give me a call!!
(619) 378-4512 View (619) 378-4512
Photo of Shane Padamada, Licensed Professional Counselor in 92116, CA
Shane Padamada
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPCC, NCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Diego, CA 92116  (Online Only)
Are you dealing with a major life transition, job loss, or losing a significant relationship? I'll help you work through these painful issues and much more. You'll learn how to train your brain to function better - Sharpen your attention, relieve your anxiety, enhance your mood and improve your behavior...all without re-living any traumatic experiences. My process works fast. The best thing is that it's simple, painless, and non-invasive. You'll discover natural ways to improve your mind, your body, and find your inner peace. You'll learn to make conscious, healthy decisions for yourself to dramatically improve your life.
Are you dealing with a major life transition, job loss, or losing a significant relationship? I'll help you work through these painful issues and much more. You'll learn how to train your brain to function better - Sharpen your attention, relieve your anxiety, enhance your mood and improve your behavior...all without re-living any traumatic experiences. My process works fast. The best thing is that it's simple, painless, and non-invasive. You'll discover natural ways to improve your mind, your body, and find your inner peace. You'll learn to make conscious, healthy decisions for yourself to dramatically improve your life.
(619) 775-2011 View (619) 775-2011
Photo of Zaire Flowers, Pre-Licensed Professional in 92116, CA
Zaire Flowers
Pre-Licensed Professional
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Diego, CA 92116  (Online Only)
Are you a Black, Queer, Trans, or differently-abled person ready to live authentically with no regrets? I'll help you build the confidence and self-love that will get you there. Discover a life where self-expression thrives and empowerment reigns! I help people of all genders, sexual orientations, races, and religions overcome their internalized oppression and step into a better future. Learn how to eliminate the emotional obstacles that are blocking the path to your best life. Discover delight, balance, and confidence in your own skin. Change the way you live and experience the life that is rightfully yours!
Are you a Black, Queer, Trans, or differently-abled person ready to live authentically with no regrets? I'll help you build the confidence and self-love that will get you there. Discover a life where self-expression thrives and empowerment reigns! I help people of all genders, sexual orientations, races, and religions overcome their internalized oppression and step into a better future. Learn how to eliminate the emotional obstacles that are blocking the path to your best life. Discover delight, balance, and confidence in your own skin. Change the way you live and experience the life that is rightfully yours!
(858) 263-0674 x8 View (858) 263-0674 x8
Photo of Todd Rubie, Marriage & Family Therapist in 92116, CA
Todd Rubie
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Diego, CA 92116
Love, connection, and safety are the sources by which all relationships and individuals thrive. My wholehearted pursuit as a therapist is to welcome individuals and couples into an environment constructed and bound by these foundational needs. I believe our most significant relationships sculpt not only how we see the world but also how we see ourselves.
Love, connection, and safety are the sources by which all relationships and individuals thrive. My wholehearted pursuit as a therapist is to welcome individuals and couples into an environment constructed and bound by these foundational needs. I believe our most significant relationships sculpt not only how we see the world but also how we see ourselves.
(619) 393-6871 View (619) 393-6871
Photo of Anna Barbara Dowd, Marriage & Family Therapist in 92116, CA
Anna Barbara Dowd
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Diego, CA 92116  (Online Only)
I'm a first generation Polish-American. Learning a new language, adapting to a new country and establishing my identity taught me about resilience, embracing change, and working hard. Whatever issues you face, I know you are resilient. You have unique strengths with the ability to change and grow. My passion is counseling families, couples, children, adolescents and adults. My approach is holistic, which covers your total wellbeing - Physically, emotionally, mentally, and spiritually. I'll help you use your own values, skills, and knowledge to heal troubling issues and live a much better life - One with greater meaning to it.
I'm a first generation Polish-American. Learning a new language, adapting to a new country and establishing my identity taught me about resilience, embracing change, and working hard. Whatever issues you face, I know you are resilient. You have unique strengths with the ability to change and grow. My passion is counseling families, couples, children, adolescents and adults. My approach is holistic, which covers your total wellbeing - Physically, emotionally, mentally, and spiritually. I'll help you use your own values, skills, and knowledge to heal troubling issues and live a much better life - One with greater meaning to it.
(619) 374-8898 x1 View (619) 374-8898 x1
Photo of Cultivate: A Counseling Collective, Marriage & Family Therapist in 92116, CA
Cultivate: A Counseling Collective
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Diego, CA 92116
Welcome to Cultivate: a warm and inspiring path to wholeness. Here at Cultivate, we understand that there are seasons in each of our lives when we are left feeling out of touch with ourselves, functioning poorly in our relationships, or crippled by anxiety, depression, trauma, or addiction. We provide each person we encounter with an inviting and enriching, therapeutic environment, enabling healing both individually and in relationships. Today, get back to living the restored, whole life that you were made for.
Welcome to Cultivate: a warm and inspiring path to wholeness. Here at Cultivate, we understand that there are seasons in each of our lives when we are left feeling out of touch with ourselves, functioning poorly in our relationships, or crippled by anxiety, depression, trauma, or addiction. We provide each person we encounter with an inviting and enriching, therapeutic environment, enabling healing both individually and in relationships. Today, get back to living the restored, whole life that you were made for.
(619) 473-7864 View (619) 473-7864
Photo of Fernando Garcia, Marriage & Family Therapist in 92116, CA
Fernando Garcia
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Diego, CA 92116
Dr. Fernando Garcia III, Ed. D, LMFT. I'm a licensed Marriage & Family Therapist and also have a doctorate degree in Sports & Performance Psychology. I have much experience working with trauma/complex trauma disorders and performance issues. I have experience working with children to older adults (65+) but I now typically work with clients ages 12 and up. I'm most comfortable treating conditions that involve anxiety or depressive symptoms, lack of motivation, history of trauma, or performance issues (school, sports, work, etc.)
Dr. Fernando Garcia III, Ed. D, LMFT. I'm a licensed Marriage & Family Therapist and also have a doctorate degree in Sports & Performance Psychology. I have much experience working with trauma/complex trauma disorders and performance issues. I have experience working with children to older adults (65+) but I now typically work with clients ages 12 and up. I'm most comfortable treating conditions that involve anxiety or depressive symptoms, lack of motivation, history of trauma, or performance issues (school, sports, work, etc.)
(619) 637-3061 View (619) 637-3061
Photo of John L Guinn, Marriage & Family Therapist in 92116, CA
John L Guinn
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Diego, CA 92116
"There is no normal life that is free of pain. It's the very wrestling with our problems that can be the IMPETUS for our growth." (Mister Rogers). Approaching mental health and psychotherapy from a person-centered, solution-focused, and action-oriented perspective allows me to assist individuals from diverse cultures and ethnic backgrounds with creating and maintaining fulfilling relationships while sustaining a balanced life.
"There is no normal life that is free of pain. It's the very wrestling with our problems that can be the IMPETUS for our growth." (Mister Rogers). Approaching mental health and psychotherapy from a person-centered, solution-focused, and action-oriented perspective allows me to assist individuals from diverse cultures and ethnic backgrounds with creating and maintaining fulfilling relationships while sustaining a balanced life.
(619) 382-2909 View (619) 382-2909
Photo of Louise Jacobus, Marriage & Family Therapist in 92116, CA
Louise Jacobus
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Diego, CA 92116
Are you being held back from your ideal life by difficult relationships, anxiety, or the effects of childhood trauma? You can see the quality of your life improve! I love helping clients learn the skills they need to have the life they want - a life that is full of meaning, success, and creativity. I will encourage you to become actively involved in your therapy, and you will learn practical and creative tools you can use throughout your life.
Are you being held back from your ideal life by difficult relationships, anxiety, or the effects of childhood trauma? You can see the quality of your life improve! I love helping clients learn the skills they need to have the life they want - a life that is full of meaning, success, and creativity. I will encourage you to become actively involved in your therapy, and you will learn practical and creative tools you can use throughout your life.
(619) 320-6864 View (619) 320-6864
Photo of Patricia C Kantzavelos, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 92116, CA
Patricia C Kantzavelos
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, MLIS, MSW
Verified Verified
San Diego, CA 92116
I specialize in chronic health conditions and trauma, which I understand first hand. Chronic medical conditions (i.e. dysautonomia POTS, EDS, Lyme disease, Bartonella, IBS, fibro, fatigue CFS, Hashimoto’s, mast cell MCAS, sickle cell disease, mold illness CIRS, etc.) often come with significant challenges, like fear, anxiety, grief, medical PTSD, and may interfere with relationships and daily function. I utilize various holistic evidence-based treatment modalities and practice-based evidence, contingent on each person’s needs and goals, with an added focus on mindfulness techniques, positive psychology, and strengths-based therapy.
I specialize in chronic health conditions and trauma, which I understand first hand. Chronic medical conditions (i.e. dysautonomia POTS, EDS, Lyme disease, Bartonella, IBS, fibro, fatigue CFS, Hashimoto’s, mast cell MCAS, sickle cell disease, mold illness CIRS, etc.) often come with significant challenges, like fear, anxiety, grief, medical PTSD, and may interfere with relationships and daily function. I utilize various holistic evidence-based treatment modalities and practice-based evidence, contingent on each person’s needs and goals, with an added focus on mindfulness techniques, positive psychology, and strengths-based therapy.
View
Photo of Anna de la Paz Roberts, Marriage & Family Therapist in 92116, CA
Anna de la Paz Roberts
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
San Diego, CA 92116
Not accepting new clients
You are only human. This means needing secure, safe attachments with others in order to thrive. You want freedom from addiction, anxiety, depression, or trauma. You’re experiencing conflicts in your most important relationships. These problems often block us from feeling confident or thinking clearly. You may be out of energy trying to fix what's not working and need a new perspective to resolve these difficulties. As a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist, I support individuals and relationships through solution-focused and strengths-based approaches.
You are only human. This means needing secure, safe attachments with others in order to thrive. You want freedom from addiction, anxiety, depression, or trauma. You’re experiencing conflicts in your most important relationships. These problems often block us from feeling confident or thinking clearly. You may be out of energy trying to fix what's not working and need a new perspective to resolve these difficulties. As a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist, I support individuals and relationships through solution-focused and strengths-based approaches.
(619) 722-3329 View (619) 722-3329
Photo of Hannah Friesen, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in 92116, CA
Hannah Friesen
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MA, AMFT
Verified Verified
San Diego, CA 92116
Hi there! My name is Hannah, and I am so excited you are here! The world we live in is so busy. It seems like we are going a million miles a minute without stopping, and it can be exhausting. I love therapy because it is a safe place for anyone to slow down and heal. My desire is to allow for space in therapy to process, heal, and grow through life’s challenges and joys.
Hi there! My name is Hannah, and I am so excited you are here! The world we live in is so busy. It seems like we are going a million miles a minute without stopping, and it can be exhausting. I love therapy because it is a safe place for anyone to slow down and heal. My desire is to allow for space in therapy to process, heal, and grow through life’s challenges and joys.
(619) 514-3270 View (619) 514-3270
Photo of Rene Williamson, Marriage & Family Therapist in 92116, CA
Rene Williamson
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Diego, CA 92116
Confused? Stressed? Frustrated? Depressed? Need help with your relationship, your kids or other life challenges? Sometimes we all just need a compassionate, caring person to listen and provide informed and appropriate feedback and guidance. I believe that 90% of therapy's effectiveness is in choosing the right person. You either "click" with your therapist, or you don't. If you find a good match, you are half-way there! Please call me for a free telephone consultation, so we can discuss your concerns to see if I am a good fit for your particular needs. I look forward to your call.
Confused? Stressed? Frustrated? Depressed? Need help with your relationship, your kids or other life challenges? Sometimes we all just need a compassionate, caring person to listen and provide informed and appropriate feedback and guidance. I believe that 90% of therapy's effectiveness is in choosing the right person. You either "click" with your therapist, or you don't. If you find a good match, you are half-way there! Please call me for a free telephone consultation, so we can discuss your concerns to see if I am a good fit for your particular needs. I look forward to your call.
(619) 377-8639 View (619) 377-8639
Photo of Esther Chau, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in 92116, CA
Esther Chau
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MS, AMFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
San Diego, CA 92116
Welcome! I'm so glad you're here. I believe we are always telling stories, and some can be painful to hold. I work with people who experience stress and anxiety from being stuck in the same old stories. I can collaborate with you to rewrite these stories so they focus on your strengths and values. I also work with people who feel trapped by stories others have told about them. These stories can feel like immense burdens we are forced to carry around for years. They may cause us to experience big emotions–grief, anger, fear. Together, we can find ways to change your relationships with these burdens in order to finally release them.
Welcome! I'm so glad you're here. I believe we are always telling stories, and some can be painful to hold. I work with people who experience stress and anxiety from being stuck in the same old stories. I can collaborate with you to rewrite these stories so they focus on your strengths and values. I also work with people who feel trapped by stories others have told about them. These stories can feel like immense burdens we are forced to carry around for years. They may cause us to experience big emotions–grief, anger, fear. Together, we can find ways to change your relationships with these burdens in order to finally release them.
(619) 870-8580 View (619) 870-8580
Photo of Christin Babikian Johnson, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in 92116, CA
Christin Babikian Johnson
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MA, AMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Diego, CA 92116
Therapeutic Specialties: Anxiety, Depression, Life transitions, Spirituality, Stress, Trauma, Self-Esteem/Identity Work, Somatic focused work, and IFS. I work with: Individuals, College Students, post college, Life transitions, Teens
Therapeutic Specialties: Anxiety, Depression, Life transitions, Spirituality, Stress, Trauma, Self-Esteem/Identity Work, Somatic focused work, and IFS. I work with: Individuals, College Students, post college, Life transitions, Teens
(619) 637-3329 View (619) 637-3329
Photo of Dr. Marcie I Goldman, Psychologist in 92116, CA
Dr. Marcie I Goldman
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
San Diego, CA 92116
I am a licensed psychologist with 25 years of experience. I utilize Cognitive Behavioral Therapy to help individuals live a healthier and happier life. Additionally, I feel that it is important to learn more effective tools to help manage anxiety, panic attacks, depression, and navigate life's stressors.
I am a licensed psychologist with 25 years of experience. I utilize Cognitive Behavioral Therapy to help individuals live a healthier and happier life. Additionally, I feel that it is important to learn more effective tools to help manage anxiety, panic attacks, depression, and navigate life's stressors.
(619) 389-3088 View (619) 389-3088
Photo of Diane K. Pendragon, Psychologist in 92116, CA
Diane K. Pendragon
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
San Diego, CA 92116
Waitlist for new clients
I believe that each of us deserves to live life as our best self. Often, shame and judgement about our problems can get in the way of solving them. Developing compassionate curiosity is key to empowering ourselves and creating change in our lives. I believe that therapy can be a bridge to increased satisfaction and a sense of well-being. When life's stresses feel overwhelming; a safe, caring environment can allow you to understand yourself and your feelings, manage your stress, and change your strategies for coping. I am privileged to be involved in such important and transformative work.
I believe that each of us deserves to live life as our best self. Often, shame and judgement about our problems can get in the way of solving them. Developing compassionate curiosity is key to empowering ourselves and creating change in our lives. I believe that therapy can be a bridge to increased satisfaction and a sense of well-being. When life's stresses feel overwhelming; a safe, caring environment can allow you to understand yourself and your feelings, manage your stress, and change your strategies for coping. I am privileged to be involved in such important and transformative work.
(855) 532-2797 View (855) 532-2797

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 92116

100+

Average cost per session

$165

Therapists in 92116 who prioritize treating:

95% Anxiety
87% Depression
78% Relationship Issues
68% Trauma and PTSD
67% Grief
66% Self Esteem
62% Coping Skills

Average years in practice

13 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

74% Cigna and Evernorth
71% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
67% Aetna

How Therapists in 92116 see their clients

73% In Person and Online
27% Online Only

Gender breakdown

77% Female
22% Male
1% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 92116?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.