Photo of Christina Leahy, Marriage & Family Therapist in 92008, CA
Christina Leahy
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
15 Endorsed
Carlsbad, CA 92008
You are intuitive. You have a deep awareness of your emotions, but sometimes struggle to understand the intricacies of your nervous system. You fear burdening others with your struggles, but you long for a safe space to unpack the weight you carry. You might find yourself wrestling and exploring your identity molded by your family of origin, searching for the perfect balance between preserving your roots, establishing empowering boundaries, and embracing a new sense of self.
You are intuitive. You have a deep awareness of your emotions, but sometimes struggle to understand the intricacies of your nervous system. You fear burdening others with your struggles, but you long for a safe space to unpack the weight you carry. You might find yourself wrestling and exploring your identity molded by your family of origin, searching for the perfect balance between preserving your roots, establishing empowering boundaries, and embracing a new sense of self.
(323) 927-1228 View (323) 927-1228
Photo of New Growth Counseling Service, Marriage & Family Therapist in 92008, CA
New Growth Counseling Service
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Carlsbad, CA 92008
At New Growth you'll feel understood, respected, and safe. When you open up sensitive issues you need an understanding and down-to-earth therapist who has the tools that will work for you. Hundreds of individuals, couples, and families have had this experience at New Growth. Its easy to discover if one of counselors is right for you. Meet our team and watch each therapist's personal videos. Take advantage of a complimentary 20-minute consultation with any or all of our counselors. When you feel the match is right, schedule an appointment and get started on the path to New Growth.
At New Growth you'll feel understood, respected, and safe. When you open up sensitive issues you need an understanding and down-to-earth therapist who has the tools that will work for you. Hundreds of individuals, couples, and families have had this experience at New Growth. Its easy to discover if one of counselors is right for you. Meet our team and watch each therapist's personal videos. Take advantage of a complimentary 20-minute consultation with any or all of our counselors. When you feel the match is right, schedule an appointment and get started on the path to New Growth.
(760) 659-5956 View (760) 659-5956
Photo of Daniel V. Nemeth, Marriage & Family Therapist in 92008, CA
Daniel V. Nemeth
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Carlsbad, CA 92008
Your life journey may take you to places and stages that issue challenges you might find overwhelming and expose you to painful experiences that leave you with deep scars and lingering hurt. But you are not alone. Facing feelings of frustration, pain, or a lack of direction, you might have a hard time accessing your inherent resources and finding hope for the future. And I am here to help you do just that.
Your life journey may take you to places and stages that issue challenges you might find overwhelming and expose you to painful experiences that leave you with deep scars and lingering hurt. But you are not alone. Facing feelings of frustration, pain, or a lack of direction, you might have a hard time accessing your inherent resources and finding hope for the future. And I am here to help you do just that.
(442) 280-7996 View (442) 280-7996
Photo of Annalise J Poe, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in 92008, CA
Annalise J Poe
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MA, AMFT
Verified Verified
Carlsbad, CA 92008
NOTE: Now Accepting New In-Person Clients! Have you practiced loving yourself lately? Are there parts of you that feel undeserving of love? In our work together, we will strive to send love and compassion to the parts of yourself that have been shunned, ignored, or ridiculed. I have a client-centered approach, bringing an empathetic and warm presence to my sessions. Some of my favorite things clients have told me is that I help them to feel seen, and consistently show up with a positive, bubbly attitude. My goal is to make our therapy session a part of the week that you are excited for, not dreading.
NOTE: Now Accepting New In-Person Clients! Have you practiced loving yourself lately? Are there parts of you that feel undeserving of love? In our work together, we will strive to send love and compassion to the parts of yourself that have been shunned, ignored, or ridiculed. I have a client-centered approach, bringing an empathetic and warm presence to my sessions. Some of my favorite things clients have told me is that I help them to feel seen, and consistently show up with a positive, bubbly attitude. My goal is to make our therapy session a part of the week that you are excited for, not dreading.
(442) 219-7119 View (442) 219-7119
Photo of Rebecca Graves, Marriage & Family Therapist in 92008, CA
Rebecca Graves
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Carlsbad, CA 92008
My goal is to help you uncover your true potential and lead a life that is worth celebrating. I believe in meeting my clients exactly where they are in their life and personality through my non-judgmental, empathetic, and accepting respect for YOU! My clinical experience includes working with individuals, couples and families on issues surrounding personal goal setting, performance enhancement, individuals in transitions in their lives, relationship conflicts, divorce, personal empowerment and growth. I have worked closely with athletes, executives, military, young adults, teens, couples, pregnancy related and the LGBTQ community.
My goal is to help you uncover your true potential and lead a life that is worth celebrating. I believe in meeting my clients exactly where they are in their life and personality through my non-judgmental, empathetic, and accepting respect for YOU! My clinical experience includes working with individuals, couples and families on issues surrounding personal goal setting, performance enhancement, individuals in transitions in their lives, relationship conflicts, divorce, personal empowerment and growth. I have worked closely with athletes, executives, military, young adults, teens, couples, pregnancy related and the LGBTQ community.
(760) 354-8089 View (760) 354-8089
Photo of Angela Medrano, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 92008, CA
Angela Medrano
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, ACSW
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Carlsbad, CA 92008  (Online Only)
Hello there! Wishing you a warm welcome on this path toward healing and self-discovery. My name is Angela (she/her) and I'm an associate social worker at Diaspora Therapy Group. As a queer Filipina-Mexican therapist, I'm here to create a safe and inclusive space for folks of all intersections, with a primary focus on those at the intersections of BIPOC and/or LGBTQ+. Embracing your natural strengths, we'll work together to rediscover and reconstruct your personal narratives, nurturing trust within your body, mind, and spirit.
Hello there! Wishing you a warm welcome on this path toward healing and self-discovery. My name is Angela (she/her) and I'm an associate social worker at Diaspora Therapy Group. As a queer Filipina-Mexican therapist, I'm here to create a safe and inclusive space for folks of all intersections, with a primary focus on those at the intersections of BIPOC and/or LGBTQ+. Embracing your natural strengths, we'll work together to rediscover and reconstruct your personal narratives, nurturing trust within your body, mind, and spirit.
(619) 853-4410 View (619) 853-4410
Photo of Stephanie Dorsey, Marriage & Family Therapist in 92008, CA
Stephanie Dorsey
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
Carlsbad, CA 92008
Even in the darkest places in life there is hope. Hope of healing, a new tomorrow, true peace, and a life well lived. I know you may have endured abuse, addiction, loss, or other trauma. I want you to know that tomorrow can be different than today. I know that change is possible if you are willing to do the work to make that change happen. My goal is to come along side each client I see and assist you through your journey towards true peace and hope.
Even in the darkest places in life there is hope. Hope of healing, a new tomorrow, true peace, and a life well lived. I know you may have endured abuse, addiction, loss, or other trauma. I want you to know that tomorrow can be different than today. I know that change is possible if you are willing to do the work to make that change happen. My goal is to come along side each client I see and assist you through your journey towards true peace and hope.
(760) 854-4906 View (760) 854-4906
Photo of Paola Wilckens-Gjata, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 92008, CA
Paola Wilckens-Gjata
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Carlsbad, CA 92008
Welcome! I began working with children, adults, and families over 30 years ago as a social worker and have been providing psychotherapy services in the North County since 2003. My unique approach to psychotherapy combines multiple styles and techniques both traditional and holistic that will help you balance your mind, body, and spirit. I specialize in the treatment of psychological/emotional trauma. Emotional trauma is the result of an extraordinary stressful event/s that voids you of your sense of self, safety, trust, well-being, and control. Trauma recovery is possible - start your journey to healing today.
Welcome! I began working with children, adults, and families over 30 years ago as a social worker and have been providing psychotherapy services in the North County since 2003. My unique approach to psychotherapy combines multiple styles and techniques both traditional and holistic that will help you balance your mind, body, and spirit. I specialize in the treatment of psychological/emotional trauma. Emotional trauma is the result of an extraordinary stressful event/s that voids you of your sense of self, safety, trust, well-being, and control. Trauma recovery is possible - start your journey to healing today.
(760) 523-2521 View (760) 523-2521
Photo of Sonia Palmer, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in 92008, CA
Sonia Palmer
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MA, MFT
Verified Verified
Carlsbad, CA 92008
I strive to create a safe and supportive environment where individuals of all ages can explore their innermost thoughts, emotions, and experiences. Therapy is not just about alleviating symptoms, but about fostering personal growth and transformation from the inside out.
I strive to create a safe and supportive environment where individuals of all ages can explore their innermost thoughts, emotions, and experiences. Therapy is not just about alleviating symptoms, but about fostering personal growth and transformation from the inside out.
(858) 786-0381 View (858) 786-0381
Photo of Gina Marie Janc, Marriage & Family Therapist in 92008, CA
Gina Marie Janc
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Carlsbad, CA 92008
If you are struggling with grief and loss, anxiety, feeling unfulfilled in your personal/work life, struggling with being the parent you want to be I want you to know you don't have to do healing alone. I created Bring back the Village to provide therapeutic support to women, children and families. Together we will explore the areas you're blocked and develop the tools you need to feel more confident and empowered.
If you are struggling with grief and loss, anxiety, feeling unfulfilled in your personal/work life, struggling with being the parent you want to be I want you to know you don't have to do healing alone. I created Bring back the Village to provide therapeutic support to women, children and families. Together we will explore the areas you're blocked and develop the tools you need to feel more confident and empowered.
(760) 824-3653 View (760) 824-3653
Photo of Online Therapy With Deborah Redmond, Marriage & Family Therapist in 92008, CA
Online Therapy With Deborah Redmond
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Carlsbad, CA 92008  (Online Only)
Telehealth in California, Florida, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Texas, Washington, and Canada. You are warmly invited you to share in the amazing possibilities of psychotherapy. Psychotherapy can be instrumental in recovery from challenges of mind and heart including: depression, anxiety, trauma, finding purpose, life transitions, and many more. It can make heartbreak understandable, tolerable, and even growth-producing. It can provide the foundation for creating new healthier relationships based on respect, trust, compromise, and compassion. It can take an ordinary life and make it extraordinarily rich and purposeful.
Telehealth in California, Florida, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Texas, Washington, and Canada. You are warmly invited you to share in the amazing possibilities of psychotherapy. Psychotherapy can be instrumental in recovery from challenges of mind and heart including: depression, anxiety, trauma, finding purpose, life transitions, and many more. It can make heartbreak understandable, tolerable, and even growth-producing. It can provide the foundation for creating new healthier relationships based on respect, trust, compromise, and compassion. It can take an ordinary life and make it extraordinarily rich and purposeful.
(442) 239-1174 View (442) 239-1174
Photo of Jenna Suway, Psychologist in 92008, CA
Jenna Suway
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Carlsbad, CA 92008
I help adolescents and adults navigate difficulties in their lives. Some of the treatment areas in which I work relate to identity, anxiety, transitions, values, trauma, and mood. My goal is to create an open and safe environment from which to explore, process, and learn. It is an honor to get to know you and to work collaboratively to address whatever brings you to therapy. I look forward to talking with you.
I help adolescents and adults navigate difficulties in their lives. Some of the treatment areas in which I work relate to identity, anxiety, transitions, values, trauma, and mood. My goal is to create an open and safe environment from which to explore, process, and learn. It is an honor to get to know you and to work collaboratively to address whatever brings you to therapy. I look forward to talking with you.
(442) 313-2372 View (442) 313-2372
Photo of Carlsbad Child Therapy, Marriage & Family Therapist in 92008, CA
Carlsbad Child Therapy
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Carlsbad, CA 92008
Carlsbad Child Therapy utilizes, Play Therapy, Expressive Arts, Nature, Pet Therapy and traditional talk therapy to help children and teens navigate struggles. Children and teens often can present with maladaptive coping behaviors, struggling to express anger and pain after a critical incident or are, dealing with relationship changes within the family such as a change of the parents marital status, custody changes and the loss of a loved one.
Carlsbad Child Therapy utilizes, Play Therapy, Expressive Arts, Nature, Pet Therapy and traditional talk therapy to help children and teens navigate struggles. Children and teens often can present with maladaptive coping behaviors, struggling to express anger and pain after a critical incident or are, dealing with relationship changes within the family such as a change of the parents marital status, custody changes and the loss of a loved one.
(442) 309-4374 View (442) 309-4374
Photo of Psychological Testing & Evaluations - Dr. Dean, Psychologist in 92008, CA
Psychological Testing & Evaluations - Dr. Dean
Psychologist, PsyD, QME, Author
Verified Verified
Carlsbad, CA 92008
I'm Dr. Dean Leav, licensed psychologist and qualified medical evaluator (QME). I've been featured on ABC, NBC, KCAL, and other programs as an expert psychologist. I provide Evaluation Services, including (and not limited to): diagnostics (ADHD, Autism, Learning Dis.), cognitive/neuropsychological evaluations, workers' compensation (QME/AME), immigration-related evaluations, pre-adoption psychological evaluations, parenting/bonding assessments, drug & alcohol evaluations, pre-employment evaluations, and legal/forensics/criminal evaluations. These evaluations may be used to meet eligibility for certain services or accommodations.
I'm Dr. Dean Leav, licensed psychologist and qualified medical evaluator (QME). I've been featured on ABC, NBC, KCAL, and other programs as an expert psychologist. I provide Evaluation Services, including (and not limited to): diagnostics (ADHD, Autism, Learning Dis.), cognitive/neuropsychological evaluations, workers' compensation (QME/AME), immigration-related evaluations, pre-adoption psychological evaluations, parenting/bonding assessments, drug & alcohol evaluations, pre-employment evaluations, and legal/forensics/criminal evaluations. These evaluations may be used to meet eligibility for certain services or accommodations.
(424) 336-8621 View (424) 336-8621
Photo of Rosalba DeRobbio, Marriage & Family Therapist in 92008, CA
Rosalba DeRobbio
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Carlsbad, CA 92008
I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist with over 20 years of experience working with individuals and families (children, adolescents, teens, adults) in a variety of settings. I provide individual, couples, and family therapy. My therapeutic intention is to create a space for you and your family to feel guided, challenged, heard, and connected. My hope is to help facilitate building a more connected and loving relationship with yourself, your children, and/or your partner.
I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist with over 20 years of experience working with individuals and families (children, adolescents, teens, adults) in a variety of settings. I provide individual, couples, and family therapy. My therapeutic intention is to create a space for you and your family to feel guided, challenged, heard, and connected. My hope is to help facilitate building a more connected and loving relationship with yourself, your children, and/or your partner.
(760) 856-4116 View (760) 856-4116
Photo of Kelsey Michael Bradshaw, Psychologist in 92008, CA
Kelsey Michael Bradshaw
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Carlsbad, CA 92008
I am currently offering video and phone based therapy to those in need. As mental health is an essential service, I am continuing to work with individuals and families during this unprecedented time. I am also continuing to offer psychological assessment services and can also offer much of my services via video telehealth. For most individuals, video or phone based sessions will be helpful to address their needs. Depending on circumstance, I am also able to meet with individuals in my office, so long as they are healthy and following CDC guidelines on washing hands, keeping distance, and covering their face.
I am currently offering video and phone based therapy to those in need. As mental health is an essential service, I am continuing to work with individuals and families during this unprecedented time. I am also continuing to offer psychological assessment services and can also offer much of my services via video telehealth. For most individuals, video or phone based sessions will be helpful to address their needs. Depending on circumstance, I am also able to meet with individuals in my office, so long as they are healthy and following CDC guidelines on washing hands, keeping distance, and covering their face.
(760) 378-7474 View (760) 378-7474
Photo of Amanda (Reider) V. Nemeth, Marriage & Family Therapist in 92008, CA
Amanda (Reider) V. Nemeth
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Carlsbad, CA 92008
My approach to working with clients is holistic, creative, and grounded in the specific story of each client. Through empathy, authenticity, and curiosity I help create a new vision for hope as I journey with my clients on their path toward healing. I have experience working with individual adults of all ages, couples, and families.
My approach to working with clients is holistic, creative, and grounded in the specific story of each client. Through empathy, authenticity, and curiosity I help create a new vision for hope as I journey with my clients on their path toward healing. I have experience working with individual adults of all ages, couples, and families.
(208) 647-4328 View (208) 647-4328
Photo of Golden State Psychology, Psychologist in 92008, CA
Golden State Psychology
Psychologist, MS, LEP, PPS
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Carlsbad, CA 92008
I am a Licensed Educational Psychologist and have been in practice for over 15 years. I specialize in diagnosis of disorders that impact learning such as ADHD, Auditory and Visual Processing Disorders, Learning Disabilities, Dyslexia, Dysgraphia, and social/emotional difficulties (Anxiety, Self-Esteem, Motivation). If your child is frustrated, homework is tedious, has difficulty following directions, or has challenges with peers it may be due to an underlying issue and I will work to shed light on and resolve those issues. Through assessment and counseling your child can be relieved of frustrations and find their way to success.
I am a Licensed Educational Psychologist and have been in practice for over 15 years. I specialize in diagnosis of disorders that impact learning such as ADHD, Auditory and Visual Processing Disorders, Learning Disabilities, Dyslexia, Dysgraphia, and social/emotional difficulties (Anxiety, Self-Esteem, Motivation). If your child is frustrated, homework is tedious, has difficulty following directions, or has challenges with peers it may be due to an underlying issue and I will work to shed light on and resolve those issues. Through assessment and counseling your child can be relieved of frustrations and find their way to success.
(760) 377-1381 View (760) 377-1381
Photo of Janet K Bastien, Marriage & Family Therapist in 92008, CA
Janet K Bastien
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Carlsbad, CA 92008  (Online Only)
My passion as a therapist is to help individuals, parents, and children explore their challenges, from either the present or past. When clients are self-motivated to apply methods and skills whether for themselves or their family, positive transformation will happen! If you want to learn positive parenting skills, teach children the value of self-esteem, or identify behaviors and maladapted attachments, all of this is talk-able and worthy of investing your time and energy. I am here to listen and help dissolve trauma from childhood or social-emotional experiences in order to regain a healthy and happy life!
My passion as a therapist is to help individuals, parents, and children explore their challenges, from either the present or past. When clients are self-motivated to apply methods and skills whether for themselves or their family, positive transformation will happen! If you want to learn positive parenting skills, teach children the value of self-esteem, or identify behaviors and maladapted attachments, all of this is talk-able and worthy of investing your time and energy. I am here to listen and help dissolve trauma from childhood or social-emotional experiences in order to regain a healthy and happy life!
(858) 537-4488 View (858) 537-4488
Photo of Chiara Franco, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in 92008, CA
Chiara Franco
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MA
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Carlsbad, CA 92008
I deeply believe we all have strengths and the ability to overcome adversity. Life presents us with experiences, challenges and transitions that alter the view we have of ourselves. Sometimes we have the feeling that we’ve tried everything to get better, but instead we keep repeating patterns and behaviors we know hurt us and can hurt those around us.
I deeply believe we all have strengths and the ability to overcome adversity. Life presents us with experiences, challenges and transitions that alter the view we have of ourselves. Sometimes we have the feeling that we’ve tried everything to get better, but instead we keep repeating patterns and behaviors we know hurt us and can hurt those around us.
(442) 233-3136 View (442) 233-3136

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 92008

300+

Average cost per session

$165

Therapists in 92008 who prioritize treating:

94% Anxiety
89% Depression
82% Relationship Issues
79% Self Esteem
71% Trauma and PTSD
66% Coping Skills
65% Grief

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

64% Aetna
54% Cigna and Evernorth
47% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in 92008 see their clients

79% In Person and Online
21% Online Only

Gender breakdown

77% Female
22% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 92008?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.