Therapists in 91321

Photo of Lora Hnat, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in 91321, CA
Lora Hnat
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, AMFT, CHT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Newhall, CA 91321  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
People love stories. And we all have them - stories that we believe about our abilities, our potential, and our past. These stories shape who we think we are and what we think we are capable of. But what if the stories are wrong? How do we find our true stories? When we experience trauma, we can develop unhealthy coping behaviors that support the stories. We might think that these behaviors are a part of our personality, but they are not; they are simply survival strategies. And while those strategies have helped us to survive trauma, they also affect our ability to form healthy relationships and to meet our goals.
People love stories. And we all have them - stories that we believe about our abilities, our potential, and our past. These stories shape who we think we are and what we think we are capable of. But what if the stories are wrong? How do we find our true stories? When we experience trauma, we can develop unhealthy coping behaviors that support the stories. We might think that these behaviors are a part of our personality, but they are not; they are simply survival strategies. And while those strategies have helped us to survive trauma, they also affect our ability to form healthy relationships and to meet our goals.
(805) 219-7790 View (805) 219-7790
Photo of Tim Smyth, Marriage & Family Therapist in 91321, CA
Tim Smyth
Marriage & Family Therapist, PsyD, MFT
Verified Verified
Santa Clarita, CA 91321
I have over 35 years of experience in helping people find happiness/satisfaction in the face of many challenges and setbacks. If you are unhappy or in distress, therapy can help you take charge and get back on track. I can help you conquer anxiety, depression, relationship issues, parenting problems and generally achieve better control over your life. I have a large toolbox full of tips and interventions.
I have over 35 years of experience in helping people find happiness/satisfaction in the face of many challenges and setbacks. If you are unhappy or in distress, therapy can help you take charge and get back on track. I can help you conquer anxiety, depression, relationship issues, parenting problems and generally achieve better control over your life. I have a large toolbox full of tips and interventions.
(818) 672-1442 View (818) 672-1442
Photo of Alysha Sardella, Marriage & Family Therapist in 91321, CA
Alysha Sardella
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Santa Clarita, CA 91321
Therapy (which comes from the Greek word "to change"), is a very brave and personal endeavor that an individual and/or family undertakes to gain insight into their emotional state, decisions that have been made or to understand behavior. I have a great deal of experience working with families in crisis, children and adolescents with special education needs, adults and parents that are seeking support to parent a difficult and/or challenging child. In addition, I utilize a very supportive, nurturing yet directive approach in my therapeutic process.
Therapy (which comes from the Greek word "to change"), is a very brave and personal endeavor that an individual and/or family undertakes to gain insight into their emotional state, decisions that have been made or to understand behavior. I have a great deal of experience working with families in crisis, children and adolescents with special education needs, adults and parents that are seeking support to parent a difficult and/or challenging child. In addition, I utilize a very supportive, nurturing yet directive approach in my therapeutic process.
(213) 465-3429 View (213) 465-3429
Photo of Uprise Psychological Wellness Corp, Psychologist in 91321, CA
Uprise Psychological Wellness Corp
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Newhall, CA 91321  (Online Only)
Uprise Psychological Wellness is a telehealth-based therapy practice committed to providing accessible mental health services from the comfort of your own privacy and space. We enjoy helping individuals (children, families, adolescents, and adults) explore patterns impacting their relationships, finding ways to manage stressful situations, and exploring their emotions and behaviors to help make significant improvements in their lives. We provide trauma-informed care to treat a variety of clinical presentations with different age groups.
Uprise Psychological Wellness is a telehealth-based therapy practice committed to providing accessible mental health services from the comfort of your own privacy and space. We enjoy helping individuals (children, families, adolescents, and adults) explore patterns impacting their relationships, finding ways to manage stressful situations, and exploring their emotions and behaviors to help make significant improvements in their lives. We provide trauma-informed care to treat a variety of clinical presentations with different age groups.
(661) 443-0388 View (661) 443-0388
Photo of Sandy Allen, Marriage & Family Therapist in 91321, CA
Sandy Allen
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, PMH-C
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Santa Clarita, CA 91321
Feeling stuck, worried, or like your best is not enough ? I can help. I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist, helping adults heal from emotional traumas and grow in self acceptance. I strive to help adults in various life stages. Teaching effective ways to better understand your emotions, needs, and thus creating a more intentional driven life to better support yourself. I am certified in perinatal mental-health, helping mothers and parents adjust to the role changes, increased demands, and pressures of becoming parents in today's times.
Feeling stuck, worried, or like your best is not enough ? I can help. I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist, helping adults heal from emotional traumas and grow in self acceptance. I strive to help adults in various life stages. Teaching effective ways to better understand your emotions, needs, and thus creating a more intentional driven life to better support yourself. I am certified in perinatal mental-health, helping mothers and parents adjust to the role changes, increased demands, and pressures of becoming parents in today's times.
(661) 690-1897 View (661) 690-1897
Photo of Dr. Elizabeth Ramquist, Psychologist in 91321, CA
Dr. Elizabeth Ramquist
Psychologist, PhD, PMH-C
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Newhall, CA 91321
Waitlist for new clients
As humans, we can endure and survive extreme events. Sometimes it takes professional guidance to get to the other side of those events. This clinical psychology practice specializes in working with first responders, fire service, medical professionals, and perinatal mental health issues. I have extensive experience and training in treating combat trauma, stresses associated with first responders and the fire service, and certification as a perinatal psychologist. I provide confidential, professional, external help to guide folks to psychological wellness.
As humans, we can endure and survive extreme events. Sometimes it takes professional guidance to get to the other side of those events. This clinical psychology practice specializes in working with first responders, fire service, medical professionals, and perinatal mental health issues. I have extensive experience and training in treating combat trauma, stresses associated with first responders and the fire service, and certification as a perinatal psychologist. I provide confidential, professional, external help to guide folks to psychological wellness.
(661) 425-0709 View (661) 425-0709
Photo of Shauna Hoffman, Marriage & Family Therapist in 91321, CA
Shauna Hoffman
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, MFT, BCT
Verified Verified
Santa Clarita, CA 91321
As a Relationship Specialist, Author, Podcaster and Speaker the first relationship I want my clients to look at is the relationship with themselves. Depression, Self Esteem Issues, Marital Conflict and even grief, are often a sign that you are truly on the search for who you are in this world. Whether you are a newly divorced adult, a couple striving to understand each other or a teen searching for self esteem, if you don't look within, you can never find your way to happiness. I offer Individual, Joint and Family Counseling. My podcast, A Journey To Awareness can be heard on IHeart Radio, Spotify, Apple and other Podcast platforms
As a Relationship Specialist, Author, Podcaster and Speaker the first relationship I want my clients to look at is the relationship with themselves. Depression, Self Esteem Issues, Marital Conflict and even grief, are often a sign that you are truly on the search for who you are in this world. Whether you are a newly divorced adult, a couple striving to understand each other or a teen searching for self esteem, if you don't look within, you can never find your way to happiness. I offer Individual, Joint and Family Counseling. My podcast, A Journey To Awareness can be heard on IHeart Radio, Spotify, Apple and other Podcast platforms
(661) 430-0392 View (661) 430-0392
Photo of Maya Weisfelner, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 91321, CA
Maya Weisfelner
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Newhall, CA 91321  (Online Only)
As a therapist, my goal is to help you uncover your true potential and lead a life worth celebrating. While we can't change difficult situations of the past, we can work together to better understand and resolve challenges in your life. By applying complementary therapy approaches, we will unearth long-standing behavior patterns or negative perceptions that may be holding you back from experiencing a more fulfilling life. I look forward to working with you to achieve your goals.
As a therapist, my goal is to help you uncover your true potential and lead a life worth celebrating. While we can't change difficult situations of the past, we can work together to better understand and resolve challenges in your life. By applying complementary therapy approaches, we will unearth long-standing behavior patterns or negative perceptions that may be holding you back from experiencing a more fulfilling life. I look forward to working with you to achieve your goals.
(747) 234-2505 View (747) 234-2505
Photo of Alexandra Field, Marriage & Family Therapist in 91321, CA
Alexandra Field
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT, MT-BC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Santa Clarita, CA 91321
Have you been feeling stuck? Not sure how to move forward? Weighed down by stress and worry? Is life at home tense and unbearable? Do the same patterns keep repeating with your spouse, partner, or significant other? Is sadness overwhelming and you can't seem to feel like your old self? If any of these ring true for you, you're in the right place. I believe that tapping into your own creativity can be a turning point toward self-improvement and healing. I can help you discover and utilize this in new and innovative ways.
Have you been feeling stuck? Not sure how to move forward? Weighed down by stress and worry? Is life at home tense and unbearable? Do the same patterns keep repeating with your spouse, partner, or significant other? Is sadness overwhelming and you can't seem to feel like your old self? If any of these ring true for you, you're in the right place. I believe that tapping into your own creativity can be a turning point toward self-improvement and healing. I can help you discover and utilize this in new and innovative ways.
(661) 446-8031 View (661) 446-8031
Photo of Marie Chacon - ESA Letters (CA, PA & UT), Marriage & Family Therapist in 91321, CA
Marie Chacon - ESA Letters (CA, PA & UT)
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Santa Clarita, CA 91321  (Online Only)
My approach to therapy is to provide a supportive environment for change through warmth and compassion. I have more than a decade of clinical experience working with adolescents and adults with depression, anxiety, ADHD, phase of life issues/stressors, parents of incarcerated youth, conduct issues, and other mental health challenges. When necessary, I prescribe emotional support animals for treatment. I am licensed in California, Pennsylvania, and Utah.
My approach to therapy is to provide a supportive environment for change through warmth and compassion. I have more than a decade of clinical experience working with adolescents and adults with depression, anxiety, ADHD, phase of life issues/stressors, parents of incarcerated youth, conduct issues, and other mental health challenges. When necessary, I prescribe emotional support animals for treatment. I am licensed in California, Pennsylvania, and Utah.
(661) 689-7912 View (661) 689-7912
Photo of Sara Cote, Marriage & Family Therapist in 91321, CA
Sara Cote
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Newhall, CA 91321
Are unhealthy/toxic relationships causing you stress and anxiety? Are you feeling confused, stuck and unheard? Do you feel your communication skills need improvement? I value each and every one of my clients by with guiding you in achieving more peace and harmony in life. If you are experiencing distress and conflict it's time to make the call. I will offer you a supportive, compassionate environment along with tools and a direct approach to help you overcome your challenges. I use Positive Solution Focused, Cognitive Behavioral approaches in helping you attain healthy relationships, while also getting your own needs met .
Are unhealthy/toxic relationships causing you stress and anxiety? Are you feeling confused, stuck and unheard? Do you feel your communication skills need improvement? I value each and every one of my clients by with guiding you in achieving more peace and harmony in life. If you are experiencing distress and conflict it's time to make the call. I will offer you a supportive, compassionate environment along with tools and a direct approach to help you overcome your challenges. I use Positive Solution Focused, Cognitive Behavioral approaches in helping you attain healthy relationships, while also getting your own needs met .
(661) 474-4092 View (661) 474-4092
Photo of Samuel Dixon Family Health Center Inc., Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 91321, CA
Samuel Dixon Family Health Center Inc.
Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Verified Verified
Santa Clarita, CA 91321
Affordable! A Place for the Uninsured, Samuel Dixon Family Health Center, Inc. We pursue therapy for a number of reasons. Maybe we’ve lost someone special to us. Maybe we feel apathetic or anxious, or we’re having feelings of agitation, remorse, and fear. Whatever our reasons might be, we know that the most vital reason we seek therapy is because we want to grow. We’ve imagined something different, and we want to see change within ourselves. Our amazing therapists provide a safe environment that enable our clients to begin the process of soothing and healing. The space created at SDFHC allows for comfort, growth, and support.
Affordable! A Place for the Uninsured, Samuel Dixon Family Health Center, Inc. We pursue therapy for a number of reasons. Maybe we’ve lost someone special to us. Maybe we feel apathetic or anxious, or we’re having feelings of agitation, remorse, and fear. Whatever our reasons might be, we know that the most vital reason we seek therapy is because we want to grow. We’ve imagined something different, and we want to see change within ourselves. Our amazing therapists provide a safe environment that enable our clients to begin the process of soothing and healing. The space created at SDFHC allows for comfort, growth, and support.
(661) 306-2981 View (661) 306-2981
Photo of Jami Davis, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 91321, CA
Jami Davis
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
Santa Clarita, CA 91321
I see you. I see the darkness you're sitting in; the pain and shame of the dark and scary thoughts that feel unlimited and overwhelming. I see you pulling away from the life you had planned and wanted so desperately. I see you hesitating to share these feelings with anyone out of the fear of embarrassment and ridicule. I see you in pain, but I also see your potential for joy and fulfillment. I see your potential for growth and change.
I see you. I see the darkness you're sitting in; the pain and shame of the dark and scary thoughts that feel unlimited and overwhelming. I see you pulling away from the life you had planned and wanted so desperately. I see you hesitating to share these feelings with anyone out of the fear of embarrassment and ridicule. I see you in pain, but I also see your potential for joy and fulfillment. I see your potential for growth and change.
(661) 535-1023 View (661) 535-1023
Photo of Cassandra Carrillo, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 91321, CA
Cassandra Carrillo
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Santa Clarita, CA 91321
Hi! My name is Cassandra M. Carrillo. I am a Bilingual Spanish-speaking LCSW. I have a diverse approach to treatment by dedicating time to learning and understanding all aspects of your life. I emphasize the importance of going at your pace. I have been perfecting tools throughout my career to help individuals like you. We'll work collaboratively to help you address the current issues that are getting in the way of your daily life. During your first session, I explore your background history, current symptoms or behaviors that are getting in the way of daily life and developing a common goal to work towards.
Hi! My name is Cassandra M. Carrillo. I am a Bilingual Spanish-speaking LCSW. I have a diverse approach to treatment by dedicating time to learning and understanding all aspects of your life. I emphasize the importance of going at your pace. I have been perfecting tools throughout my career to help individuals like you. We'll work collaboratively to help you address the current issues that are getting in the way of your daily life. During your first session, I explore your background history, current symptoms or behaviors that are getting in the way of daily life and developing a common goal to work towards.
(661) 466-2939 View (661) 466-2939
Photo of Julie Padula, Marriage & Family Therapist in 91321, CA
Julie Padula
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, ATR
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Santa Clarita, CA 91321  (Online Only)
Hello and congratulations on taking this first big step toward what I call the ultimate in self care. As a licensed MFT and Registered Art Therapist, I believe there are many ways to facilitate growth and gain clarity within oneself. I provide a relaxed, safe, judgement free space to do that in. I work with adults, teens, and couples, focusing on anxiety, depression, addiction, and trauma. I also work with grief/loss and phase of life issues.
Hello and congratulations on taking this first big step toward what I call the ultimate in self care. As a licensed MFT and Registered Art Therapist, I believe there are many ways to facilitate growth and gain clarity within oneself. I provide a relaxed, safe, judgement free space to do that in. I work with adults, teens, and couples, focusing on anxiety, depression, addiction, and trauma. I also work with grief/loss and phase of life issues.
(661) 306-2958 View (661) 306-2958
Photo of Vanessa L Jiroutek, Marriage & Family Therapist in 91321, CA
Vanessa L Jiroutek
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Santa Clarita, CA 91321  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
If you are looking for a therapist and need support, sometimes it can be difficult to choose or a discouraging process to find the right therapist to connect with. Imagine a place where you can be yourself. work towards personal goals and growth, free of judgment, with an objective professional.
If you are looking for a therapist and need support, sometimes it can be difficult to choose or a discouraging process to find the right therapist to connect with. Imagine a place where you can be yourself. work towards personal goals and growth, free of judgment, with an objective professional.
(661) 215-8730 View (661) 215-8730
Photo of Xavier Williams, Pre-Licensed Professional in 91321, CA
Xavier Williams
Pre-Licensed Professional, MS, APCC
Verified Verified
Newhall, CA 91321
Xavier Williams (He/They) is a Registered Associate with The Artful Healing Center. He specializes in treating youth and adolescents. Xavier has experience working with clients from various ethnic identities and socioeconomic backgrounds, as well as working with LGBTQ+ youth, Autism Spectrum Disorder, ADHD, anxiety, depression, and trauma.
Xavier Williams (He/They) is a Registered Associate with The Artful Healing Center. He specializes in treating youth and adolescents. Xavier has experience working with clients from various ethnic identities and socioeconomic backgrounds, as well as working with LGBTQ+ youth, Autism Spectrum Disorder, ADHD, anxiety, depression, and trauma.
(661) 418-5313 View (661) 418-5313
Photo of Jazmin Ponthier, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 91321, CA
Jazmin Ponthier
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Santa Clarita, CA 91321
My name is Jazmin Ponthier and I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker based out of the Bay Area. I can provide telehealth therapy services to those across the state of California. I work with adults who are experiencing anxiety, depression, self-esteem concerns specifically due to life transitions within their career, relationships and life. In addition, I support individual with issues related to fertility, pregnancy, post-partum and parenting. My approach is relational, attachment based, strength based with roots in social justice and culturally humility.
My name is Jazmin Ponthier and I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker based out of the Bay Area. I can provide telehealth therapy services to those across the state of California. I work with adults who are experiencing anxiety, depression, self-esteem concerns specifically due to life transitions within their career, relationships and life. In addition, I support individual with issues related to fertility, pregnancy, post-partum and parenting. My approach is relational, attachment based, strength based with roots in social justice and culturally humility.
(661) 306-2403 View (661) 306-2403
Photo of Christina Trujillo Sieren, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 91321, CA
Christina Trujillo Sieren
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Santa Clarita, CA 91321
Parenting your teen has nearly destroyed you. Their anger, depression, and self-destruction has devastated your entire family. Most days, you're barely hanging on by a thread. Your instinct is to protect, yet nothing you do seems to help. You feel alone and helpless. You're obsessing, hovering, and constantly questioning their state of mind. "What does she have to be depressed about?" "I don't understand; he has everything he needs." "Why would they do that?" You're expected to remain strong and contain your worst fears as you watch them unravel in self-defeat.
Parenting your teen has nearly destroyed you. Their anger, depression, and self-destruction has devastated your entire family. Most days, you're barely hanging on by a thread. Your instinct is to protect, yet nothing you do seems to help. You feel alone and helpless. You're obsessing, hovering, and constantly questioning their state of mind. "What does she have to be depressed about?" "I don't understand; he has everything he needs." "Why would they do that?" You're expected to remain strong and contain your worst fears as you watch them unravel in self-defeat.
(661) 622-2627 View (661) 622-2627
Photo of Patrizia Sorge, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 91321, CA
Patrizia Sorge
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Santa Clarita, CA 91321
"It takes courage and inner strength to change from what is known and comfortable to something which is new and fresh. That which is unknown often contains our greater potential. To seek our potential by visiting change is the path of true greatness. Such action brings great favor and untold blessings." When you are ready to embark on this journey, allow me to encourage you. I will support and guide you towards your desired goal, by helping you realize your own great potential. Everything you need is Within YOU, I will help you see that.
"It takes courage and inner strength to change from what is known and comfortable to something which is new and fresh. That which is unknown often contains our greater potential. To seek our potential by visiting change is the path of true greatness. Such action brings great favor and untold blessings." When you are ready to embark on this journey, allow me to encourage you. I will support and guide you towards your desired goal, by helping you realize your own great potential. Everything you need is Within YOU, I will help you see that.
(424) 324-2032 View (424) 324-2032

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 91321

100+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in 91321 who prioritize treating:

95% Anxiety
91% Depression
84% Relationship Issues
81% Self Esteem
77% Coping Skills
65% Stress
64% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

15 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

71% Cigna and Evernorth
66% Aetna
54% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in 91321 see their clients

77% In Person and Online
23% Online Only

Gender breakdown

82% Female
17% Male
1% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 91321?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.