Photo of Jennifer Leupp, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Jennifer Leupp
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Long Beach, CA 90808  (Online Only)
You’ve been putting everything into your job and relationships since you can remember and you are TIRED. Tired of saying yes when you already have too much on your plate, tired of the exhausting task of managing other people’s lives, and just plain tired of not having enough room for YOU in your life. It’s been so long since you prioritized your own needs that you aren’t even sure what having time for yourself would look like or how to get it. Part of you is terrified that people won't like you if you start saying no to their requests and part of you even feels guilty delegating some of these tasks.
You’ve been putting everything into your job and relationships since you can remember and you are TIRED. Tired of saying yes when you already have too much on your plate, tired of the exhausting task of managing other people’s lives, and just plain tired of not having enough room for YOU in your life. It’s been so long since you prioritized your own needs that you aren’t even sure what having time for yourself would look like or how to get it. Part of you is terrified that people won't like you if you start saying no to their requests and part of you even feels guilty delegating some of these tasks.
(562) 276-2479 View (562) 276-2479
Photo of Mary Van Valkenburgh, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Mary Van Valkenburgh
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Long Beach, CA 90808
Waitlist for new clients
For 40 years, I have been honored to facilitate transformative changes for a culturally diverse clientele dealing with the trauma of sexual assault, grief and loss, substance abuse, anxiety, and inappropriate expressions of anger. I work with children and teens individually and in the context of their families. Parents who want help for their children may be called on to examine their own childhood and how it can affect current relationships with family members.
For 40 years, I have been honored to facilitate transformative changes for a culturally diverse clientele dealing with the trauma of sexual assault, grief and loss, substance abuse, anxiety, and inappropriate expressions of anger. I work with children and teens individually and in the context of their families. Parents who want help for their children may be called on to examine their own childhood and how it can affect current relationships with family members.
(562) 846-1045 View (562) 846-1045
Photo of Patrick Cleveland, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Patrick Cleveland
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Long Beach, CA 90808
Taking the first step toward getting help is the hardest part and I understand that. I am the founder & clinical director of Daybreak Counseling Center. We are an elite & dedicated group of therapists. We focus on providing a safe and nonjudgemental environment in order to help you speak freely, share your story, ask questions, and face any issues that arise. In beginning this inquiry, today you are one step closer to finding answers and solutions. Whether you are feeling down, anxious, confused, have relationship issues, or just want to grow emotionally and learn more about yourself, therapy can help. Your mental health matters!
Taking the first step toward getting help is the hardest part and I understand that. I am the founder & clinical director of Daybreak Counseling Center. We are an elite & dedicated group of therapists. We focus on providing a safe and nonjudgemental environment in order to help you speak freely, share your story, ask questions, and face any issues that arise. In beginning this inquiry, today you are one step closer to finding answers and solutions. Whether you are feeling down, anxious, confused, have relationship issues, or just want to grow emotionally and learn more about yourself, therapy can help. Your mental health matters!
(562) 285-9957 View (562) 285-9957
Photo of Raenisha D. Love, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Raenisha D. Love
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Long Beach, CA 90808  (Online Only)
Starting therapy can be scary! Therapy is a collaborative process that allows me to guide and empower you to resolve issues that are affecting your life. I work with adults who are struggling with anxiety, depression, relationship issues, and boundary-setting in work and personal life. I provide culturally appropriate services while using your strengths as a starting point. I am queer and trans-affirming and welcome LGBTQAI clients, their families and loved ones.
Starting therapy can be scary! Therapy is a collaborative process that allows me to guide and empower you to resolve issues that are affecting your life. I work with adults who are struggling with anxiety, depression, relationship issues, and boundary-setting in work and personal life. I provide culturally appropriate services while using your strengths as a starting point. I am queer and trans-affirming and welcome LGBTQAI clients, their families and loved ones.
(562) 655-8570 View (562) 655-8570
Photo of Olivia Morales, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Olivia Morales
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Long Beach, CA 90808
If you are feeling stuck and powerless in your life, and setting boundaries are followed by shame, I am here to help. I am passionate about working with individuals who feel trapped in their behaviors and way of thinking, in order to empower them in their choices. I want to remind you of the choices you have to help you from feeling stuck. Together, we can confront what is not helping you with compassion to build your confidence, understand what you want to change and emphasize making decisions to feel more in control of your life. I want to empower you to assert yourself. How can we use your strengths as a tool?
If you are feeling stuck and powerless in your life, and setting boundaries are followed by shame, I am here to help. I am passionate about working with individuals who feel trapped in their behaviors and way of thinking, in order to empower them in their choices. I want to remind you of the choices you have to help you from feeling stuck. Together, we can confront what is not helping you with compassion to build your confidence, understand what you want to change and emphasize making decisions to feel more in control of your life. I want to empower you to assert yourself. How can we use your strengths as a tool?
(714) 463-1658 View (714) 463-1658
Photo of Lori M Downing, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Lori M Downing
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Long Beach, CA 90808
Are life’s struggles causing you to feel overwhelmed, confused, distressed, dissatisfied, or alone? I can help you find hope and healing, and a way forward. I truly believe the connection between therapist and client is essential to successful therapy and connecting with my clients - is my greatest asset. I do this by providing a caring, non-judgmental, supportive presence and a listening ear. In this safe place, I come alongside adult individuals dealing with Anxiety, Depression, Co-dependency, Elder and Caregiving Issues, Life Transitions, Grief and Loss, Relationship Issues, Self-Esteem, Faith Issues and help them move forward.
Are life’s struggles causing you to feel overwhelmed, confused, distressed, dissatisfied, or alone? I can help you find hope and healing, and a way forward. I truly believe the connection between therapist and client is essential to successful therapy and connecting with my clients - is my greatest asset. I do this by providing a caring, non-judgmental, supportive presence and a listening ear. In this safe place, I come alongside adult individuals dealing with Anxiety, Depression, Co-dependency, Elder and Caregiving Issues, Life Transitions, Grief and Loss, Relationship Issues, Self-Esteem, Faith Issues and help them move forward.
(657) 255-8172 View (657) 255-8172
Photo of Candice L. Recotta, LMFT, MA, CCTP, EMDR , Marriage & Family Therapist
Candice L. Recotta
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, MA, CCTP, EMDR
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Long Beach, CA 90808
I believe that developing a trusting relationship with your therapist is essential. My training and experience have created the fostering of the origins of trauma and how it can affect all areas of functioning. I use trauma-informed approaches and am both a Certified Clinical Trauma Professional (CCTP), and an Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) Certified Therapist. These modalities are instrumental in reducing the effects that long term and chronic tension, trauma, and anxiety can create in our daily lives.
I believe that developing a trusting relationship with your therapist is essential. My training and experience have created the fostering of the origins of trauma and how it can affect all areas of functioning. I use trauma-informed approaches and am both a Certified Clinical Trauma Professional (CCTP), and an Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) Certified Therapist. These modalities are instrumental in reducing the effects that long term and chronic tension, trauma, and anxiety can create in our daily lives.
(714) 266-3258 View (714) 266-3258
Photo of Bryan Vasquez, CATC-II, Drug & Alcohol Counselor
Bryan Vasquez
Drug & Alcohol Counselor, CATC-II
Verified Verified
Long Beach, CA 90808
Struggling with addiction & feel rehab isn’t an option? Want to adjust your relationship with a substance instead of being told you must quit? Leaving your family, job, school or responsibilities for an extended period of time is not always needed to get yourself healthy & on track. If you or a loved one are struggling with addiction, I know the challenges of this lifestyle. Being caught in the cycle of addiction is hard...feelings of anxiety, guilt, & shame. You may have tried cutting back or stopping on your own, only to find yourself engaging in the same unhelpful pattern. I specialize in moderation & abstinence based approaches.
Struggling with addiction & feel rehab isn’t an option? Want to adjust your relationship with a substance instead of being told you must quit? Leaving your family, job, school or responsibilities for an extended period of time is not always needed to get yourself healthy & on track. If you or a loved one are struggling with addiction, I know the challenges of this lifestyle. Being caught in the cycle of addiction is hard...feelings of anxiety, guilt, & shame. You may have tried cutting back or stopping on your own, only to find yourself engaging in the same unhelpful pattern. I specialize in moderation & abstinence based approaches.
(657) 300-9925 View (657) 300-9925
Photo of Gwen Schwimmer, PhD, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Gwen Schwimmer
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, PhD, LCSW
Verified Verified
Long Beach, CA 90808  (Online Only)
It takes courage and humility to seek help for oneself. I strive to create an empathic, collaborative atmosphere to help you address and diminish pain and conflict in your life. My approach is eclectic drawing from two decades of experience treating a wide range of emotional issues. There is no need for you to suffer any longer. I offer guidance and tools for you to reduce distress in your life.
It takes courage and humility to seek help for oneself. I strive to create an empathic, collaborative atmosphere to help you address and diminish pain and conflict in your life. My approach is eclectic drawing from two decades of experience treating a wide range of emotional issues. There is no need for you to suffer any longer. I offer guidance and tools for you to reduce distress in your life.
(562) 553-8388 View (562) 553-8388
Photo of Meena Vasishth Montemayor, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Meena Vasishth Montemayor
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Long Beach, CA 90808
Launching young adults off to college can be a stressful time. I specialize in treatment of high school and twentysomething clients tailoring to their individual needs giving them a greater understanding of their strengths assisting them to discover their authentic self. I work with clients to map out their unique goals and set attainable targets. Competition, feeling overwhelmed can cause anxiety and fear. Together we will work together to dispel the social discomfort of not feeling good enough, smart enough and want a safe place and a strategy for the next steps at a crucial time.
Launching young adults off to college can be a stressful time. I specialize in treatment of high school and twentysomething clients tailoring to their individual needs giving them a greater understanding of their strengths assisting them to discover their authentic self. I work with clients to map out their unique goals and set attainable targets. Competition, feeling overwhelmed can cause anxiety and fear. Together we will work together to dispel the social discomfort of not feeling good enough, smart enough and want a safe place and a strategy for the next steps at a crucial time.
(562) 526-0957 View (562) 526-0957
Photo of Alen Arjad, MA, AMFT, CADC-I, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate
Alen Arjad
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MA, AMFT, CADC-I
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Long Beach, CA 90808
No matter what you’re seeking, whether it’s overcoming worries, desiring more out of life, reducing stress in relationships, or becoming a more refined version of yourself, it’s helpful to have an ally throughout the journey. I believe that people have within them the creativity, strengths, and solutions to become who and what they want to be. My style is integrative which aims to address each person’s unique experience through a wide variety of psychotherapies and tools.
No matter what you’re seeking, whether it’s overcoming worries, desiring more out of life, reducing stress in relationships, or becoming a more refined version of yourself, it’s helpful to have an ally throughout the journey. I believe that people have within them the creativity, strengths, and solutions to become who and what they want to be. My style is integrative which aims to address each person’s unique experience through a wide variety of psychotherapies and tools.
(949) 433-8597 View (949) 433-8597
Photo of Kimberly M Gibbs, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Kimberly M Gibbs
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Long Beach, CA 90808
Seeking therapy takes a great deal of courage and finding a therapist who is the right fit for you can seem overwhelming. Congratulations on taking that first step. I enjoy working with individuals, couples and families in private practice and am excited at the possibility of working with you. I believe it is vital to focus on the importance of building a therapeutic relationship while utilizing a healing-oriented approach that takes into account the whole person. By doing so, we are able to address the full range of physical, emotional, social, spiritual and environmental influences.
Seeking therapy takes a great deal of courage and finding a therapist who is the right fit for you can seem overwhelming. Congratulations on taking that first step. I enjoy working with individuals, couples and families in private practice and am excited at the possibility of working with you. I believe it is vital to focus on the importance of building a therapeutic relationship while utilizing a healing-oriented approach that takes into account the whole person. By doing so, we are able to address the full range of physical, emotional, social, spiritual and environmental influences.
(562) 239-3493 View (562) 239-3493
Photo of Katharina Kienboeck, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Katharina Kienboeck
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Long Beach, CA 90808
Hello, I am Katharina! I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist, I am based in Petaluma, California, and work with clients statewide via Telehealth. I am honored to be part of conversations that help my clients feel stronger, clearer, and more connected to themselves and their important relationships. I believe therapy can be an incredibly valuable space to find clarity and support when we need it most. Good conversations help us identify what's ours, what old stories we may carry that do not serve us anymore, and what tools we can access and utilize towards the changes we are seeking.
Hello, I am Katharina! I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist, I am based in Petaluma, California, and work with clients statewide via Telehealth. I am honored to be part of conversations that help my clients feel stronger, clearer, and more connected to themselves and their important relationships. I believe therapy can be an incredibly valuable space to find clarity and support when we need it most. Good conversations help us identify what's ours, what old stories we may carry that do not serve us anymore, and what tools we can access and utilize towards the changes we are seeking.
(657) 837-1907 View (657) 837-1907
Photo of Veronica Gomez, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Veronica Gomez
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Long Beach, CA 90808
My name is Veronica Gomez and I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker. I work with adults (18+) struggling with anxiety, depression, relationships, self-esteem that may stem from grief and loss, life transitions, and more. I provide a safe and positive space for the patient's to feel empowered to be their authentic self. I specialize in working with adults by incorporating various treatment modalities such as Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Motivational Interviewing, and Interpersonal Therapy to guide patients find their strengths, community, and self.
My name is Veronica Gomez and I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker. I work with adults (18+) struggling with anxiety, depression, relationships, self-esteem that may stem from grief and loss, life transitions, and more. I provide a safe and positive space for the patient's to feel empowered to be their authentic self. I specialize in working with adults by incorporating various treatment modalities such as Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Motivational Interviewing, and Interpersonal Therapy to guide patients find their strengths, community, and self.
(657) 837-3875 View (657) 837-3875
Photo of Kimberly Finney, PsyD, MS, ABPP, Psychologist
Kimberly Finney
Psychologist, PsyD, MS, ABPP
Verified Verified
Long Beach, CA 90808  (Online Only)
I work with individuals who are experiencing psychological stress that is negatively impacting their lives. We work as a team to improve your quality of life. I welcome individuals who are interested in self improvement and awareness. I also welcome therapist and other first responders who are facing burn-out. Life is about team work!
I work with individuals who are experiencing psychological stress that is negatively impacting their lives. We work as a team to improve your quality of life. I welcome individuals who are interested in self improvement and awareness. I also welcome therapist and other first responders who are facing burn-out. Life is about team work!
(424) 312-0542 View (424) 312-0542
Photo of Luis Cardozo, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Luis Cardozo
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Long Beach, CA 90808  (Online Only)
¡Hola! I'm Luis, a dedicated therapist helping adolescents and men navigate life's challenges. As a Mexican American, I understand how our experiences are shaped by cultural dynamics. My aim is to provide a safe, supportive space where you can uncover your inner strengths. Life's transitions can be tough, leading to low self-esteem and emotional struggles.
¡Hola! I'm Luis, a dedicated therapist helping adolescents and men navigate life's challenges. As a Mexican American, I understand how our experiences are shaped by cultural dynamics. My aim is to provide a safe, supportive space where you can uncover your inner strengths. Life's transitions can be tough, leading to low self-esteem and emotional struggles.
(408) 827-9677 View (408) 827-9677
Photo of Ariel Black, MS, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Ariel Black
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
Long Beach, CA 90808
Are you tired of feeling tired? Do you find yourself experiencing the same mental roadblocks over and over? Have you tried to figure things out on your own- only to find yourself back in the same position? As a psychodynamic therapist, I strive to provide my clients with long-term, meaningful changes. I don’t believe in quick fixes and understand that true change takes time. Most of the clients on my caseload are highly motivated individuals that yearn for deep rooted holistic healing. I have over ten years of experience in the field of psychotherapy and have undergone extensive training in psychodynamic counseling.
Are you tired of feeling tired? Do you find yourself experiencing the same mental roadblocks over and over? Have you tried to figure things out on your own- only to find yourself back in the same position? As a psychodynamic therapist, I strive to provide my clients with long-term, meaningful changes. I don’t believe in quick fixes and understand that true change takes time. Most of the clients on my caseload are highly motivated individuals that yearn for deep rooted holistic healing. I have over ten years of experience in the field of psychotherapy and have undergone extensive training in psychodynamic counseling.
(562) 222-5305 View (562) 222-5305
Photo of Elle Anzalone - Elemental Wellness , MS, LMFT, LADAAC, Drug & Alcohol Counselor
Elemental Wellness
Drug & Alcohol Counselor, MS, LMFT, LADAAC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Long Beach, CA 90808
I consider it an honor to develop a relationship with you and walk beside you on your journey to exploring your darkest corners and bringing some light into your shadows. For 14 years, I have been in the field of recovery and addiction. I have personal and professional experience with addiction and I am familiar with most types of recovery. Inpatient treatment can be expensive and is not appropriate for everyone. I can support you in making an informed decision in how to best treat your addiction without the sales pitch and get you and your family the help you need.
I consider it an honor to develop a relationship with you and walk beside you on your journey to exploring your darkest corners and bringing some light into your shadows. For 14 years, I have been in the field of recovery and addiction. I have personal and professional experience with addiction and I am familiar with most types of recovery. Inpatient treatment can be expensive and is not appropriate for everyone. I can support you in making an informed decision in how to best treat your addiction without the sales pitch and get you and your family the help you need.
(562) 991-6561 View (562) 991-6561
Photo of Kal Zeryihun, LCSW-C, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Kal Zeryihun
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-C
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Long Beach, CA 90808  (Online Only)
I value working with individuals who are ready to dive into the journey of self-exploration, self awareness and emotional growth. You want a life filled with purpose, joy, and authentic connections. You're ready to invest in yourself, break free from limiting beliefs, and embrace a future where you thrive. I use a mind and body-integrated approach to treatment, such as increasing awareness of the Gut-Brain connection and incorporating Mindfulness practices along with traditional talk therapy to help you improve your mental wellness using all the ways your body naturally heals itself.
I value working with individuals who are ready to dive into the journey of self-exploration, self awareness and emotional growth. You want a life filled with purpose, joy, and authentic connections. You're ready to invest in yourself, break free from limiting beliefs, and embrace a future where you thrive. I use a mind and body-integrated approach to treatment, such as increasing awareness of the Gut-Brain connection and incorporating Mindfulness practices along with traditional talk therapy to help you improve your mental wellness using all the ways your body naturally heals itself.
(310) 564-7403 View (310) 564-7403
Charissa Manor
Pre-Licensed Professional, ACSW
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Long Beach, CA 90808  (Online Only)
Life throws curveballs all the time! It's okay to need someone in your corner when things are difficult. I enjoy working with clients of all ages and backgrounds and have a particular interest in working with couples. When we feel confident in ourselves and our relationships, life can be a little easier to navigate.
Life throws curveballs all the time! It's okay to need someone in your corner when things are difficult. I enjoy working with clients of all ages and backgrounds and have a particular interest in working with couples. When we feel confident in ourselves and our relationships, life can be a little easier to navigate.
(562) 521-8244 View (562) 521-8244
1

See more therapy options for 90808

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 90808

100+

Average cost per session

$172

Therapists in 90808 who prioritize treating:

93% Anxiety
88% Depression
81% Self Esteem
75% Relationship Issues
73% Coping Skills
70% Stress
66% Grief

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

79% Cigna and Evernorth
78% Aetna
74% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in 90808 see their clients

74% In Person and Online
26% Online Only

Gender breakdown

85% Female
15% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 90808?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.