Photo of Becca Rosenberg, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in 90245, CA
Becca Rosenberg
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MA, AMFT
Verified Verified
El Segundo, CA 90245
Accepting new (in-person and telehealth) clients. Hi, I'm Becca! I am an Associate Marriage and Family Therapist, holding a Master of Arts in Clinical Psychology with a specialization in trauma from Antioch University. My approach to therapy revolves around creating a safe, empathic environment where healing and growth can take place. I am passionate about holistic health and firmly believe in the power of the therapeutic relationship. Guided by principles of authenticity, empowerment, and joy, I support individuals of all ages as they navigate their journey to well-being.
Accepting new (in-person and telehealth) clients. Hi, I'm Becca! I am an Associate Marriage and Family Therapist, holding a Master of Arts in Clinical Psychology with a specialization in trauma from Antioch University. My approach to therapy revolves around creating a safe, empathic environment where healing and growth can take place. I am passionate about holistic health and firmly believe in the power of the therapeutic relationship. Guided by principles of authenticity, empowerment, and joy, I support individuals of all ages as they navigate their journey to well-being.
(424) 610-9416 View (424) 610-9416
Photo of Chris Calandra, Pre-Licensed Professional in 90245, CA
Chris Calandra
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA, AMFT
Verified Verified
El Segundo, CA 90245
When thinking of the population I wanted to work with most, it was people like me that spoke to me most: men who have struggled to feel, struggled expressing their feelings & feeling comfortable and safe enough to do so with their friends, family, partner or loved ones. Life is beautiful, but it can be incredibly challenging at times. It's important to be able to talk about life's struggles and challenges with someone.
When thinking of the population I wanted to work with most, it was people like me that spoke to me most: men who have struggled to feel, struggled expressing their feelings & feeling comfortable and safe enough to do so with their friends, family, partner or loved ones. Life is beautiful, but it can be incredibly challenging at times. It's important to be able to talk about life's struggles and challenges with someone.
(310) 362-4778 View (310) 362-4778
Photo of Angelyn N. Rose, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in 90245, CA
Angelyn N. Rose
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MA, AMFT, APCC
Verified Verified
11 Endorsed
El Segundo, CA 90245  (Online Only)
I believe in a collaborative and non-pathologizing stance that centers people as agentive in their lives. My therapeutic approach is guided by Narrative Therapy, Feminist, and Poststructural Theory. I am a poly-friendly and LGBTQ+ affirming provider. I aim to cultivate a respectful and dignifying environment for one to feel witnessed and supported.
I believe in a collaborative and non-pathologizing stance that centers people as agentive in their lives. My therapeutic approach is guided by Narrative Therapy, Feminist, and Poststructural Theory. I am a poly-friendly and LGBTQ+ affirming provider. I aim to cultivate a respectful and dignifying environment for one to feel witnessed and supported.
(424) 352-8188 View (424) 352-8188
Photo of Jeri Oliver, Marriage & Family Therapist in 90245, CA
Jeri Oliver
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
El Segundo, CA 90245
Sometimes life feels overwhelming, or we feel stuck, or maybe we just wish we had more enjoyment in our lives. Perhaps it seems like everything "should" be okay but there's a nagging feeling that something is wrong. Therapy can help address these issues. I believe we all have the desire and capacity for positive change and growth. My approach builds upon this belief and incorporates creative and practical tools tailored to your unique circumstances.
Sometimes life feels overwhelming, or we feel stuck, or maybe we just wish we had more enjoyment in our lives. Perhaps it seems like everything "should" be okay but there's a nagging feeling that something is wrong. Therapy can help address these issues. I believe we all have the desire and capacity for positive change and growth. My approach builds upon this belief and incorporates creative and practical tools tailored to your unique circumstances.
(424) 543-7534 View (424) 543-7534
Photo of Brian Mattson, Marriage & Family Therapist in 90245, CA
Brian Mattson
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, MFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
El Segundo, CA 90245
My specialties include: couples stuck in conflict, ineffective communication, mistrust/affairs/infidelity, and anxiety/panic disorders, early & mid-life transitions, as well as teens and young adults struggling to find a path forward. If you are searching this site, there is a strong possibility your life path has gotten off track in relationship, career, or meaning. Asking for help is the most powerful step towards growth. I have advanced training working with couples to build safety and intimacy, as well helping individuals overcome trauma or difficulties stemming from challenging early life relationships.
My specialties include: couples stuck in conflict, ineffective communication, mistrust/affairs/infidelity, and anxiety/panic disorders, early & mid-life transitions, as well as teens and young adults struggling to find a path forward. If you are searching this site, there is a strong possibility your life path has gotten off track in relationship, career, or meaning. Asking for help is the most powerful step towards growth. I have advanced training working with couples to build safety and intimacy, as well helping individuals overcome trauma or difficulties stemming from challenging early life relationships.
(424) 442-9148 View (424) 442-9148
Photo of Brad Scott, Marriage & Family Therapist in 90245, CA
Brad Scott
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
El Segundo, CA 90245  (Online Only)
I help my clients walk onto paths and lives that align with their own values. As a therapist and healer, my job is not to fix you, but to walk alongside you. I work with my clients to define what an aligned life looks like for them, then equip them with the tools to achieve it. No two clients are the same, and I use an eclectic approach, incorporating client feedback, to find what works best for each person. With every client, my goal is to eventually build a foundation of self-trust and emotional resilience that allows you to graduate from therapy. After working with me, my clients report a greater feeling of daily wellbeing.
I help my clients walk onto paths and lives that align with their own values. As a therapist and healer, my job is not to fix you, but to walk alongside you. I work with my clients to define what an aligned life looks like for them, then equip them with the tools to achieve it. No two clients are the same, and I use an eclectic approach, incorporating client feedback, to find what works best for each person. With every client, my goal is to eventually build a foundation of self-trust and emotional resilience that allows you to graduate from therapy. After working with me, my clients report a greater feeling of daily wellbeing.
(424) 379-0037 View (424) 379-0037
Photo of Soul Care for Black Clinicians® Academy, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 90245, CA
Soul Care for Black Clinicians® Academy
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, MAEd
Verified Verified
El Segundo, CA 90245  (Online Only)
Soul Care For Black Clinicians® is specifically dedicated to support the mental health and functioning of Black clinical professionals and ultimately improving the trajectories of Black families and Black communities! We provide individual therapy, family, and couples therapy. Our specialties include primarily the following: depression, trauma, self-esteem issues, career situations, identifying patterns of self-sabotage, coping with grief and loss, working through relationship/family issues, as well as other issues impeding healthy functioning in Black clinical professionals
Soul Care For Black Clinicians® is specifically dedicated to support the mental health and functioning of Black clinical professionals and ultimately improving the trajectories of Black families and Black communities! We provide individual therapy, family, and couples therapy. Our specialties include primarily the following: depression, trauma, self-esteem issues, career situations, identifying patterns of self-sabotage, coping with grief and loss, working through relationship/family issues, as well as other issues impeding healthy functioning in Black clinical professionals
(310) 846-8420 View (310) 846-8420
Photo of Amy Ruffolo Quinn, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 90245, CA
Amy Ruffolo Quinn
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, LSW, CEDS
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
El Segundo, CA 90245
Life is an amazing gift. It brings excitement and adventure but also can be quite frustrating and overwhelming. My approach to therapy is transparent, curious, and compassionate. I specialize in treating eating disorders, anxiety disorders, depression, relational issues, and pre/postnatal maternal mental health. I use a combination of different therapeutic approaches which depends on needs. If you are struggling with an eating disorder/or unhealthy relationship with food or exercise, anxiety, substance abuse, low self-esteem, restricting, binging, purging, and/or other destructive patterns, you have come to the right place.
Life is an amazing gift. It brings excitement and adventure but also can be quite frustrating and overwhelming. My approach to therapy is transparent, curious, and compassionate. I specialize in treating eating disorders, anxiety disorders, depression, relational issues, and pre/postnatal maternal mental health. I use a combination of different therapeutic approaches which depends on needs. If you are struggling with an eating disorder/or unhealthy relationship with food or exercise, anxiety, substance abuse, low self-esteem, restricting, binging, purging, and/or other destructive patterns, you have come to the right place.
(310) 494-7836 View (310) 494-7836
Photo of Pacific Coast Therapy and Counseling, Marriage & Family Therapist in 90245, CA
Pacific Coast Therapy and Counseling
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
El Segundo, CA 90245  (Online Only)
Currently Accepting New Clients - Hello! My name is Kerstin. I'm sure you're wondering, "How do I choose from all of these therapists?" It can be a daunting task but it is a very important one! Whether you are going through a tough life transition and need support, struggling with depression/anxiety, or wanting to implement healthy habits, together, we will work as a team to explore the root of these issues and learn how to manage them moving forward. I primarily work with teens/young adults and issues related to women's health
Currently Accepting New Clients - Hello! My name is Kerstin. I'm sure you're wondering, "How do I choose from all of these therapists?" It can be a daunting task but it is a very important one! Whether you are going through a tough life transition and need support, struggling with depression/anxiety, or wanting to implement healthy habits, together, we will work as a team to explore the root of these issues and learn how to manage them moving forward. I primarily work with teens/young adults and issues related to women's health
(424) 398-8771 View (424) 398-8771
Photo of Eric Kessler, Associate Clinical Social Worker in 90245, CA
Eric Kessler
Associate Clinical Social Worker, ACSW
Verified Verified
El Segundo, CA 90245
Air earned his Masters in Social Work from USC in 2023. His personal life journey motivated him to make a significant career shift later in life to focus on supporting people struggling with mental health and trauma. With an extensive background in educational and healthcare settings, Air has specialized in helping young adults manage complex trauma and gender identity issues. Air is a passionate advocate for a holistic approach to wellness, emphasizing mental and physical well-being in his practice.
Air earned his Masters in Social Work from USC in 2023. His personal life journey motivated him to make a significant career shift later in life to focus on supporting people struggling with mental health and trauma. With an extensive background in educational and healthcare settings, Air has specialized in helping young adults manage complex trauma and gender identity issues. Air is a passionate advocate for a holistic approach to wellness, emphasizing mental and physical well-being in his practice.
(424) 581-0502 View (424) 581-0502
Photo of Elizabeth Danielle Mead, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 90245, CA
Elizabeth Danielle Mead
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, C-DBT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
El Segundo, CA 90245
Do you find yourself struggling with Anxiety, Depression, gender or sexual identity, grief/loss, or acute/chronic medical illness? The desire to feel better about ourselves is a part of our intrinsic being. I can be there as a support and sounding board for you, your loved ones & family. With the goal of accepting your perfectly imperfect self, we can work effectively with each other to find your joy, or at the very least, how to make it through each day to the next. Discovering that you are deserving and important can be life changing and attainable.
Do you find yourself struggling with Anxiety, Depression, gender or sexual identity, grief/loss, or acute/chronic medical illness? The desire to feel better about ourselves is a part of our intrinsic being. I can be there as a support and sounding board for you, your loved ones & family. With the goal of accepting your perfectly imperfect self, we can work effectively with each other to find your joy, or at the very least, how to make it through each day to the next. Discovering that you are deserving and important can be life changing and attainable.
(424) 349-4574 View (424) 349-4574
Photo of Cindy Shadel, Marriage & Family Therapist in 90245, CA
Cindy Shadel
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, MFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
El Segundo, CA 90245
I specialize in helping individuals and couples find and maintain healthy and happy relationships. This includes: healing from sexual trauma, addiction/codependence recovery, sex/porn addiction, grief/repair from infidelity and/or betrayal, conflict resolution, communications skills, finding healthy partnerships, building healthy intimacy and sexuality in your relationship, and so on.
I specialize in helping individuals and couples find and maintain healthy and happy relationships. This includes: healing from sexual trauma, addiction/codependence recovery, sex/porn addiction, grief/repair from infidelity and/or betrayal, conflict resolution, communications skills, finding healthy partnerships, building healthy intimacy and sexuality in your relationship, and so on.
(424) 570-1255 View (424) 570-1255
Photo of Sarah Raike in 90245, CA
Sarah Raike
PA-C
Verified Verified
El Segundo, CA 90245  (Online Only)
ACCEPTING NEW PATIENTS FOR MEDICATION MANAGEMENT ONLY-Bonmente knows asking for help is not an easy thing to do. We also know that finding a provider you trust to help you navigate mental health care can be a challenge. That's why we're here and we're doing things differently. You enjoy comprehensive treatments customized specifically for your unique circumstances, convenient telemedicine appointments that allow you to see your provider from the comfort of home, an online patient portal that lets you communicate directly with your provider, and a highly trained support team that makes becoming a patient as simple as it should be.
ACCEPTING NEW PATIENTS FOR MEDICATION MANAGEMENT ONLY-Bonmente knows asking for help is not an easy thing to do. We also know that finding a provider you trust to help you navigate mental health care can be a challenge. That's why we're here and we're doing things differently. You enjoy comprehensive treatments customized specifically for your unique circumstances, convenient telemedicine appointments that allow you to see your provider from the comfort of home, an online patient portal that lets you communicate directly with your provider, and a highly trained support team that makes becoming a patient as simple as it should be.
(310) 929-6394 View (310) 929-6394
Photo of Maria Cappetta, Marriage & Family Therapist in 90245, CA
Maria Cappetta
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
El Segundo, CA 90245
Are you experiencing anxiety or depression due to family and work stressors, personal relationships, stage of life transitions, or trauma? Life is filled with challenges and there are many reasons you may find yourself looking for support. Researching therapists is an important first step towards actualizing your highest and best self. Isn't it time to step into your power? Using somatic interventions and Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy, I will work collaboratively with you to implement easily practiced wellness skills into your everyday life that promote a sense of connection and well-being.
Are you experiencing anxiety or depression due to family and work stressors, personal relationships, stage of life transitions, or trauma? Life is filled with challenges and there are many reasons you may find yourself looking for support. Researching therapists is an important first step towards actualizing your highest and best self. Isn't it time to step into your power? Using somatic interventions and Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy, I will work collaboratively with you to implement easily practiced wellness skills into your everyday life that promote a sense of connection and well-being.
(424) 532-8573 View (424) 532-8573
Photo of Teri Arana, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 90245, CA
Teri Arana
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
El Segundo, CA 90245  (Online Only)
We know asking for help is not an easy thing to do. We also know that finding a provider you trust to help you navigate mental health care can be a challenge. That's why we're here and we're doing things differently. As a patient at Bonmente, you enjoy comprehensive treatments customized specifically for your unique circumstances, convenient telemedicine appointments that allow you to see your provider from the comfort of home, an online patient portal that lets you communicate directly with your provider, and a highly trained support team that makes becoming a patient as simple as it should be. Now welcoming new patients!
We know asking for help is not an easy thing to do. We also know that finding a provider you trust to help you navigate mental health care can be a challenge. That's why we're here and we're doing things differently. As a patient at Bonmente, you enjoy comprehensive treatments customized specifically for your unique circumstances, convenient telemedicine appointments that allow you to see your provider from the comfort of home, an online patient portal that lets you communicate directly with your provider, and a highly trained support team that makes becoming a patient as simple as it should be. Now welcoming new patients!
(310) 905-6849 View (310) 905-6849
Photo of Mary Donaldson, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in 90245, CA
Mary Donaldson
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MS, AMFT
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
El Segundo, CA 90245
Accepting new clients - teens, romantic partnerships, adults, and families. It can feel really good to finally get help, and yet, it can still be hard to accept that you deserve it. Wherever you are in this process, I’ll meet you there. I encourage you to come as you are - bring your anxiety, dark humor, skepticism, anger, hopelessness, and questions; we'll take a closer look together. With a collaborative and authentic approach, I'll both challenge you and honor your pace. I’m not a fixer, but I draw from evidence-based and trauma-informed care to help you help yourself.
Accepting new clients - teens, romantic partnerships, adults, and families. It can feel really good to finally get help, and yet, it can still be hard to accept that you deserve it. Wherever you are in this process, I’ll meet you there. I encourage you to come as you are - bring your anxiety, dark humor, skepticism, anger, hopelessness, and questions; we'll take a closer look together. With a collaborative and authentic approach, I'll both challenge you and honor your pace. I’m not a fixer, but I draw from evidence-based and trauma-informed care to help you help yourself.
(310) 853-1591 View (310) 853-1591
Photo of Gabrielle Wanchek, Marriage & Family Therapist in 90245, CA
Gabrielle Wanchek
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
El Segundo, CA 90245
Not accepting new clients
Do you feel that your life is out of control? Do you feel that things you did easily at one time are now nothing but a hassle at best? Do friends and family ask what's wrong when you're thinking you're perfectly okay? Are there things you've gone through that you can't seem to shake? If this sounds familiar, I'd love to speak with you!
Do you feel that your life is out of control? Do you feel that things you did easily at one time are now nothing but a hassle at best? Do friends and family ask what's wrong when you're thinking you're perfectly okay? Are there things you've gone through that you can't seem to shake? If this sounds familiar, I'd love to speak with you!
(310) 651-8428 View (310) 651-8428
Photo of Rose Gray, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in 90245, CA
Rose Gray
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, AMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
El Segundo, CA 90245
My clients are curious, thoughtful and willing to question conventional wisdom in search of their own values and passions. Expectations about how we’re supposed to show up as women, men, parents, couples, kids etc. get in the way of our unique perspectives and strengths. I love helping discover those strengths, joys and passions that hide behind expectation. Together we can notice specific places of power that feed the preferred parts and engage in challenging conversations in a safe, shame free place.
My clients are curious, thoughtful and willing to question conventional wisdom in search of their own values and passions. Expectations about how we’re supposed to show up as women, men, parents, couples, kids etc. get in the way of our unique perspectives and strengths. I love helping discover those strengths, joys and passions that hide behind expectation. Together we can notice specific places of power that feed the preferred parts and engage in challenging conversations in a safe, shame free place.
(424) 552-2037 View (424) 552-2037
Photo of Alina Sgattoni, Marriage & Family Therapist in 90245, CA
Alina Sgattoni
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
El Segundo, CA 90245
As a therapist, I am committed to empowering clients to live their best life, have meaningful and loving relationships, and most importantly, in the words of Virginia Satir, "help them have stars in their eyes and truly feel their own value." At times, as we move through the different stages of our life, we find ourselves stuck due to our unproductive internal dialogue of shame and guilt, the need to be perfect, and the daily attempts to be who the rest of the world wants us to be. This leads us to feeling broken and unable to love ourselves or truly connect with others.
As a therapist, I am committed to empowering clients to live their best life, have meaningful and loving relationships, and most importantly, in the words of Virginia Satir, "help them have stars in their eyes and truly feel their own value." At times, as we move through the different stages of our life, we find ourselves stuck due to our unproductive internal dialogue of shame and guilt, the need to be perfect, and the daily attempts to be who the rest of the world wants us to be. This leads us to feeling broken and unable to love ourselves or truly connect with others.
(424) 321-7414 View (424) 321-7414
Photo of Laurie Snyder-Berkowitz, Marriage & Family Therapist in 90245, CA
Laurie Snyder-Berkowitz
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT, LEP
Verified Verified
El Segundo, CA 90245
I work with a broad spectrum of individuals and couples. As a therapist, I create a nurturing and safe environment that is non-judgmental and caring. I often will use a solution-focused approach, providing options and tools necessary to make immediate changes in your life. My therapy gravitates toward being goal oriented. Every client is unique, and I tailor my therapy sessions accordingly.
I work with a broad spectrum of individuals and couples. As a therapist, I create a nurturing and safe environment that is non-judgmental and caring. I often will use a solution-focused approach, providing options and tools necessary to make immediate changes in your life. My therapy gravitates toward being goal oriented. Every client is unique, and I tailor my therapy sessions accordingly.
(424) 242-3985 View (424) 242-3985

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 90245

80+

Average cost per session

$180

Therapists in 90245 who prioritize treating:

93% Anxiety
90% Relationship Issues
89% Depression
73% Coping Skills
73% Self Esteem
70% Family Conflict
69% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

66% Aetna
49% Cigna and Evernorth
39% Other

How Therapists in 90245 see their clients

76% In Person and Online
24% Online Only

Gender breakdown

82% Female
18% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 90245?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.