Photo of Damon Dodge, Marriage & Family Therapist in 90069, CA
Damon Dodge
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Los Angeles, CA 90069  (Online Only)
You've ignored it long enough—it's time to face the problem. It can be anything—stress, sadness, worry, fatigue, doubt. It's grown and festered, infecting every area of your life. You never intended to get so lost in it, and now it’s all you know. You’re losing energy, motivation and maybe even hope. It’s like it's systematically shutting down your whole system, one area at a time. It doesn’t matter if you’re at work or at home—the heaviness is everywhere, and it’s getting worse.
You've ignored it long enough—it's time to face the problem. It can be anything—stress, sadness, worry, fatigue, doubt. It's grown and festered, infecting every area of your life. You never intended to get so lost in it, and now it’s all you know. You’re losing energy, motivation and maybe even hope. It’s like it's systematically shutting down your whole system, one area at a time. It doesn’t matter if you’re at work or at home—the heaviness is everywhere, and it’s getting worse.
(310) 776-3714 View (310) 776-3714
Photo of Roberta Sue Buckner, Marriage & Family Therapist in 90069, CA
Roberta Sue Buckner
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, MFCT, JD
Verified Verified
My ideal client is one who is ready for a challenge. A person who is curious....open to new ideas and ways of behaving with the goal of creating more satisfying relationships...with friends, work colleagues, family and significant others/partners.
My ideal client is one who is ready for a challenge. A person who is curious....open to new ideas and ways of behaving with the goal of creating more satisfying relationships...with friends, work colleagues, family and significant others/partners.
(323) 366-3210 View (323) 366-3210
Photo of Nicole Minor - Expansive Therapy, Counselor in 90069, CA
Nicole Minor - Expansive Therapy
Counselor, AMFT
Verified Verified
I value helping to foster a secure space and use an integrative approach to help clients feel empowered to reach their personal goals. Intersectionality has been paramount on my own personal healing journey and I have had the opportunity to work with clients who benefit from the same lens.
I value helping to foster a secure space and use an integrative approach to help clients feel empowered to reach their personal goals. Intersectionality has been paramount on my own personal healing journey and I have had the opportunity to work with clients who benefit from the same lens.
(914) 342-7422 View (914) 342-7422
Photo of Dr. Isra Yaghoubi, Psychologist in 90069, CA
Dr. Isra Yaghoubi
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
My style is nurturing and empowerment driven. I value collaborative and affirmative care and I pay attention to the importance of culture and intersections of identity. I find it important to focus on the present moment, as well as the environment, biology, family of origin and upbringing, and holistic factors. I like to teach clients skills to observe emotion and its experience in the body, and ways to access and activate the imagination. Whether it's your first time in therapy, or you've experienced it before, we explore your needs together, at your pace.
My style is nurturing and empowerment driven. I value collaborative and affirmative care and I pay attention to the importance of culture and intersections of identity. I find it important to focus on the present moment, as well as the environment, biology, family of origin and upbringing, and holistic factors. I like to teach clients skills to observe emotion and its experience in the body, and ways to access and activate the imagination. Whether it's your first time in therapy, or you've experienced it before, we explore your needs together, at your pace.
(323) 977-7605 View (323) 977-7605
Photo of Steven (Ivan) Cospewicz, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 90069, CA
Steven (Ivan) Cospewicz
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
West Hollywood, CA 90069  (Online Only)
Hello, my name is Steven (Ivan) Cospewicz; I'm an LCSW licensed in California, Nevada, and New York. I use CBT (Cognitive Behavioral Therapy) and a foundation in Motivational Interviewing, as well as Socratic Questioning. I focus diagnostically on mild to moderate anxiety and depression, as well as have experience in the more traditionally persistent diagnoses.
Hello, my name is Steven (Ivan) Cospewicz; I'm an LCSW licensed in California, Nevada, and New York. I use CBT (Cognitive Behavioral Therapy) and a foundation in Motivational Interviewing, as well as Socratic Questioning. I focus diagnostically on mild to moderate anxiety and depression, as well as have experience in the more traditionally persistent diagnoses.
(323) 613-3734 View (323) 613-3734
Photo of James Guay, Marriage & Family Therapist in 90069, CA
James Guay
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Emotional and psychological pain is what drives most people to therapy. This pain can show up in our lives in various ways: never feeling good enough, going to sleep feeling lonely or disconnected, being riddled with anxiety, relationship conflict/boredom, or having unhealthy patterns that never seems to go away. Your life changes when you open yourself up to love, transformation and the present moment. When we develop a better relationship with ourselves — with lots of self-compassion — we can live life more fully. My style is conversational, direct, and provides a courages space for assisted self-study.
Emotional and psychological pain is what drives most people to therapy. This pain can show up in our lives in various ways: never feeling good enough, going to sleep feeling lonely or disconnected, being riddled with anxiety, relationship conflict/boredom, or having unhealthy patterns that never seems to go away. Your life changes when you open yourself up to love, transformation and the present moment. When we develop a better relationship with ourselves — with lots of self-compassion — we can live life more fully. My style is conversational, direct, and provides a courages space for assisted self-study.
(310) 736-2093 View (310) 736-2093
Photo of Jake Mallove, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in 90069, CA
Jake Mallove
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MA, AMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
I believe that most people are either stuck repeating a cycle of generational trauma, or carrying the burden of bravely breaking that cycle. You deserve to break that cycle by discovering and embracing your best self, without fear or shame. But I understand that this is not always easy. I can help you break down the barriers that prevent you from achieving your goals and assist you on a transformative journey to becoming the person you want to be. Therapy is a process of the human spirit requiring courage, creativity, and self-compassion and I welcome you to join me.
I believe that most people are either stuck repeating a cycle of generational trauma, or carrying the burden of bravely breaking that cycle. You deserve to break that cycle by discovering and embracing your best self, without fear or shame. But I understand that this is not always easy. I can help you break down the barriers that prevent you from achieving your goals and assist you on a transformative journey to becoming the person you want to be. Therapy is a process of the human spirit requiring courage, creativity, and self-compassion and I welcome you to join me.
(323) 443-1886 View (323) 443-1886
Photo of Megan Haley, Marriage & Family Therapist in 90069, CA
Megan Haley
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
West Hollywood, CA 90069  (Online Only)
If you are looking to break free from recurring negative patterns and self-defeating beliefs, or simply feeling stuck, I can help give you the appropriate clinical tools and guidance to create a more fulfilling life. I am an Associate Marriage and Family Therapist specializing in anxiety disorders, complex trauma, family conflict, and relationship difficulties. My goal is to provide you with a safe space to explore your internal world, cultivate self-awareness, and foster a deeper sense of connection with yourself and others. I place immense value on honoring the individual and tailor treatment to your specific needs.
If you are looking to break free from recurring negative patterns and self-defeating beliefs, or simply feeling stuck, I can help give you the appropriate clinical tools and guidance to create a more fulfilling life. I am an Associate Marriage and Family Therapist specializing in anxiety disorders, complex trauma, family conflict, and relationship difficulties. My goal is to provide you with a safe space to explore your internal world, cultivate self-awareness, and foster a deeper sense of connection with yourself and others. I place immense value on honoring the individual and tailor treatment to your specific needs.
(323) 591-2934 View (323) 591-2934
Photo of Arielle Derhy, Marriage & Family Therapist in 90069, CA
Arielle Derhy
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
West Hollywood, CA 90069  (Online Only)
You're ready to break free from patterns of self-criticism and self-doubt, to walk around feeling more confident, able to regulate the anxious feelings inside you, and believe that you are good enough. Living with a negative self-view can be painful, fortunately good therapy can help. With compassion and curiosity, we will work together to explore patterns that get you stuck and actively work towards changing them while helping you gain the skills to approach yourself with more love and acceptance. I can also help you with setting good boundaries, finding peace from past pain, and connecting to your true authentic self.
You're ready to break free from patterns of self-criticism and self-doubt, to walk around feeling more confident, able to regulate the anxious feelings inside you, and believe that you are good enough. Living with a negative self-view can be painful, fortunately good therapy can help. With compassion and curiosity, we will work together to explore patterns that get you stuck and actively work towards changing them while helping you gain the skills to approach yourself with more love and acceptance. I can also help you with setting good boundaries, finding peace from past pain, and connecting to your true authentic self.
(424) 365-9309 View (424) 365-9309
Photo of Jason Levine, Psychologist in 90069, CA
Jason Levine
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
West Hollywood, CA 90069  (Online Only)
I began my private practice with one purpose in mind: to treat clients with respect for the possibility of change in their lives. It is my belief that the best treatment includes the development of a trusting relationship. I am here to support you in creating a life of courage in which you can tackle the obstacles that have limited your potential. I empower individuals to replace feelings of hopelessness with hope for a brighter future. Together, we can forge a plan that will lead to a much more fulfilling life experience.
I began my private practice with one purpose in mind: to treat clients with respect for the possibility of change in their lives. It is my belief that the best treatment includes the development of a trusting relationship. I am here to support you in creating a life of courage in which you can tackle the obstacles that have limited your potential. I empower individuals to replace feelings of hopelessness with hope for a brighter future. Together, we can forge a plan that will lead to a much more fulfilling life experience.
(424) 835-6482 View (424) 835-6482
Photo of Celine M. Paganini, Marriage & Family Therapist in 90069, CA
Celine M. Paganini
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
7 Endorsed
West Hollywood, CA 90069  (Online Only)
Whether struggling with anxiety, depression, OCD, trauma, dissociation, relationships, reproduction or existential despair, I am here to help. By approaching your well-being from every angle, we will work together to facilitate a mindful exploration of your conscious and unconscious thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. I will help you build a personalized self-care regimen aimed to help you learn about yourself in a kind, compassionate, and non-judgmental way. This may allow you to begin exploring how your mind and body process experiences; how your past may get activated in your present; and how your body instinctually responds.
Whether struggling with anxiety, depression, OCD, trauma, dissociation, relationships, reproduction or existential despair, I am here to help. By approaching your well-being from every angle, we will work together to facilitate a mindful exploration of your conscious and unconscious thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. I will help you build a personalized self-care regimen aimed to help you learn about yourself in a kind, compassionate, and non-judgmental way. This may allow you to begin exploring how your mind and body process experiences; how your past may get activated in your present; and how your body instinctually responds.
(323) 736-5732 View (323) 736-5732
Photo of Oliver Drakeford, Marriage & Family Therapist in 90069, CA
Oliver Drakeford
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT, CGP
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
As a family therapist I implement the skills I used as Clinical Director of a teen residential center to change family dynamics. I often get calls from parents who are struggling with their teenage children who are living with symptoms of anxiety, depression, mood disorders & addiction. My approach helps clients understand & shift dysfunctional patterns which hinder connection and closeness. Whether I am working with couples, families or individual clients, my approach aims to bring about improvements in our relationships which in turn helps symptoms such as conflict, depression and anxiety, and to improve creativity & productivity.
As a family therapist I implement the skills I used as Clinical Director of a teen residential center to change family dynamics. I often get calls from parents who are struggling with their teenage children who are living with symptoms of anxiety, depression, mood disorders & addiction. My approach helps clients understand & shift dysfunctional patterns which hinder connection and closeness. Whether I am working with couples, families or individual clients, my approach aims to bring about improvements in our relationships which in turn helps symptoms such as conflict, depression and anxiety, and to improve creativity & productivity.
(262) 290-2593 View (262) 290-2593
Photo of Aaron Jimenez, Marriage & Family Therapist in 90069, CA
Aaron Jimenez
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
5 Endorsed
I am a psychotherapist (LMFT) who graduated from Pepperdine University with a Master of Arts in Clinical Psychology. My clinical experience has been honed at AIDS Project Los Angeles and The LA Gay and Lesbian Center, two widely renowned sites where I served the diverse populations of Los Angeles in the company of exceptionally skilled colleagues. I combine my professional knowledge and personal experience to create a safe and encouraging space for clients to grow, process and gain insight.
I am a psychotherapist (LMFT) who graduated from Pepperdine University with a Master of Arts in Clinical Psychology. My clinical experience has been honed at AIDS Project Los Angeles and The LA Gay and Lesbian Center, two widely renowned sites where I served the diverse populations of Los Angeles in the company of exceptionally skilled colleagues. I combine my professional knowledge and personal experience to create a safe and encouraging space for clients to grow, process and gain insight.
(619) 268-4995 View (619) 268-4995
Photo of Joseph Mauch, Psychologist in 90069, CA
Joseph Mauch
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
West Hollywood, CA 90069  (Online Only)
I’m a clinical psychologist and I specialize in therapy for adults. If you’re here, I’m guessing it’s because you are struggling with something in your life and feel like you need help. I know how hard it can be to reach out and ask for help, and I’m glad that you’ve made it this far. Therapy doesn’t have to be daunting and mysterious. At the most basic level, therapy is just two people relating with one another in a relaxed, safe, and supportive atmosphere. What makes it different from other relationships is that we keep the focus on you, and I have specialized training that enables me to foster the conditions necessary for change.
I’m a clinical psychologist and I specialize in therapy for adults. If you’re here, I’m guessing it’s because you are struggling with something in your life and feel like you need help. I know how hard it can be to reach out and ask for help, and I’m glad that you’ve made it this far. Therapy doesn’t have to be daunting and mysterious. At the most basic level, therapy is just two people relating with one another in a relaxed, safe, and supportive atmosphere. What makes it different from other relationships is that we keep the focus on you, and I have specialized training that enables me to foster the conditions necessary for change.
(323) 968-9365 View (323) 968-9365
Photo of Cindy Weathers, Marriage & Family Therapist in 90069, CA
Cindy Weathers
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Are you struggling to find meaningful connection or fulfilling relationships? Do you find yourself going back to toxic situations despite your better judgement? Are you generally feeling lost or alone? If any of these questions resonate, I can help. I specialize in working with relational issues and intimacy disorders. In addition, I work with adults who are struggling with anxiety, depression, lack of connection and trauma. I also work with women and couples experiencing reproductive difficulties, fertility intervention and postpartum adjustment. Additionally, I often work with high achievers and perfectionists.
Are you struggling to find meaningful connection or fulfilling relationships? Do you find yourself going back to toxic situations despite your better judgement? Are you generally feeling lost or alone? If any of these questions resonate, I can help. I specialize in working with relational issues and intimacy disorders. In addition, I work with adults who are struggling with anxiety, depression, lack of connection and trauma. I also work with women and couples experiencing reproductive difficulties, fertility intervention and postpartum adjustment. Additionally, I often work with high achievers and perfectionists.
(323) 616-1491 View (323) 616-1491
Photo of Naz Asgarian, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in 90069, CA
Naz Asgarian
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, AMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
West Hollywood, CA 90069  (Online Only)
Starting therapy can seem intimidating, feeling nervous is completely normal, and you are not alone! My goal is to offer support and empowerment to my clients as they navigate the path to healing and personal growth. I am dedicated to holding an atmosphere of collaboration and encouragement where you feel acknowledged, listened to, and validated as you continue to pursue fulfillment.
Starting therapy can seem intimidating, feeling nervous is completely normal, and you are not alone! My goal is to offer support and empowerment to my clients as they navigate the path to healing and personal growth. I am dedicated to holding an atmosphere of collaboration and encouragement where you feel acknowledged, listened to, and validated as you continue to pursue fulfillment.
(323) 688-6189 View (323) 688-6189
Photo of Amanda Jablon, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 90069, CA
Amanda Jablon
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
West Hollywood, CA 90069  (Online Only)
I work with individuals who struggle with excessive worrying, overthinking, and restlessness, trauma, anxiety, OCD, ADHD, as well as those who generally just want to improve their lives. I also work with couples who want to improve their communication and conflict skills and be more loving toward each other. I work best with clients who are wanting to grow and are willing to look inward to develop a deeper, more profound sense of self.
I work with individuals who struggle with excessive worrying, overthinking, and restlessness, trauma, anxiety, OCD, ADHD, as well as those who generally just want to improve their lives. I also work with couples who want to improve their communication and conflict skills and be more loving toward each other. I work best with clients who are wanting to grow and are willing to look inward to develop a deeper, more profound sense of self.
(323) 530-1334 View (323) 530-1334
Photo of Talia Mann, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in 90069, CA
Talia Mann
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MA, AMFT
Verified Verified
8 Endorsed
West Hollywood, CA 90069  (Online Only)
Finding the right therapist is challenging and taking the first step can be really scary. While I believe the mind and body are built to heal themselves, sometimes recovery is hard to navigate on your own. I utilize a variety of treatment models including Internal Family Systems, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, and EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing.) I specialize in eating disorders, grief, and loss, anxiety, depression, addiction, and trauma-related issues. I primarily work with adolescents, couples, and adults. I'm a weight-inclusive, Health At Every Size, and an Intuitive Eating-aligned clinician.
Finding the right therapist is challenging and taking the first step can be really scary. While I believe the mind and body are built to heal themselves, sometimes recovery is hard to navigate on your own. I utilize a variety of treatment models including Internal Family Systems, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, and EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing.) I specialize in eating disorders, grief, and loss, anxiety, depression, addiction, and trauma-related issues. I primarily work with adolescents, couples, and adults. I'm a weight-inclusive, Health At Every Size, and an Intuitive Eating-aligned clinician.
(323) 940-5441 View (323) 940-5441
Photo of Maria Hill, Marriage & Family Therapist in 90069, CA
Maria Hill
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Los Angeles, CA 90069  (Online Only)
Hi there. I’m so glad you’re here. Big feelings can rock a person’s world at any age or stage of development. I use relational talk therapy and trauma informed-attachment theory to help clients develop new insight, a healthier relationship to their emotions and new patterns of behavior. Through our work together, we will increase your skills and resilience to roll with life’s challenges with greater compassion, clarity and fun. Whether you're looking to gain greater satisfaction and fulfillment in life, struggling with loss, trauma, adjusting to new circumstances, or all of the above- it would be my honor to help.
Hi there. I’m so glad you’re here. Big feelings can rock a person’s world at any age or stage of development. I use relational talk therapy and trauma informed-attachment theory to help clients develop new insight, a healthier relationship to their emotions and new patterns of behavior. Through our work together, we will increase your skills and resilience to roll with life’s challenges with greater compassion, clarity and fun. Whether you're looking to gain greater satisfaction and fulfillment in life, struggling with loss, trauma, adjusting to new circumstances, or all of the above- it would be my honor to help.
(323) 990-4282 View (323) 990-4282
Photo of Joel M Liebowitz, Psychologist in 90069, CA
Joel M Liebowitz
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Los Angeles, CA 90069
Joel M. Liebowitz is a Ph.D. in clinical psychology specializing in therapy with individuals, couples , teenagers and children and maintains a private practice in Los Angeles, CA. With over 45 years experience as a therapist, and as a graduate of University of Massachusetts specializing in psychodynamic therapy as well as CBT therapy he is currently serving as a private practitioner working with a broad spectrum of clients. Among his areas of expertise are therapy with children and teenagers, parent counseling as well as therapy with individuals and couples, including pre-marital and marital counseling.
Joel M. Liebowitz is a Ph.D. in clinical psychology specializing in therapy with individuals, couples , teenagers and children and maintains a private practice in Los Angeles, CA. With over 45 years experience as a therapist, and as a graduate of University of Massachusetts specializing in psychodynamic therapy as well as CBT therapy he is currently serving as a private practitioner working with a broad spectrum of clients. Among his areas of expertise are therapy with children and teenagers, parent counseling as well as therapy with individuals and couples, including pre-marital and marital counseling.
(310) 321-4684 View (310) 321-4684

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 90069

400+

Average cost per session

$200

Therapists in 90069 who prioritize treating:

94% Anxiety
89% Relationship Issues
89% Depression
82% Self Esteem
71% Trauma and PTSD
69% Grief
64% Coping Skills

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

62% Aetna
50% Cigna and Evernorth
47% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in 90069 see their clients

63% In Person and Online
37% Online Only

Gender breakdown

51% Male
48% Female
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 90069?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.