Photo of Pearl (Lupita) Colbert, Marriage & Family Therapist in 90044, CA
Pearl (Lupita) Colbert
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Los Angeles, CA 90044
My name is Lupita Pearl Colbert. However, I go by my middle name, "Pearl." I attended California State University, Dominguez Hills, graduating with a Bachelor's Degree in psychology. I then pursued a Master's Degree with an emphasis in Marriage and Family Therapy from Pepperdine University. While I was attending graduate school, I took a position with a company providing Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA), working as a behavioral therapist with children diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). It was here that I found my passion for working with children and families.
My name is Lupita Pearl Colbert. However, I go by my middle name, "Pearl." I attended California State University, Dominguez Hills, graduating with a Bachelor's Degree in psychology. I then pursued a Master's Degree with an emphasis in Marriage and Family Therapy from Pepperdine University. While I was attending graduate school, I took a position with a company providing Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA), working as a behavioral therapist with children diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). It was here that I found my passion for working with children and families.
(213) 263-6467 View (213) 263-6467
Photo of Edward Garren, M.A., M.F.T., Marriage & Family Therapist in 90044, CA
Edward Garren, M.A., M.F.T.
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT, MFC
Verified Verified
Los Angeles, CA 90044
"The purpose of therapy is to remove blocks to truth; to help you abandon any patterns of belief that no longer serve you in a productive way; to implement self-forgiveness. Therapy can alleviate suffering and open the door to peace of mind. It can assist in separating illusion from reality and even reality from truth. Finally, it can help you to learn to make your decisions from internal prompts because you have created an internal locus of control." From "A Course in Miracles" Most clients start noticing change in their perspectives, outlook and coping skills early in the process.
"The purpose of therapy is to remove blocks to truth; to help you abandon any patterns of belief that no longer serve you in a productive way; to implement self-forgiveness. Therapy can alleviate suffering and open the door to peace of mind. It can assist in separating illusion from reality and even reality from truth. Finally, it can help you to learn to make your decisions from internal prompts because you have created an internal locus of control." From "A Course in Miracles" Most clients start noticing change in their perspectives, outlook and coping skills early in the process.
(213) 985-1093 View (213) 985-1093
Photo of Laura Minero, Psychologist in 90044, CA
Laura Minero
Psychologist, PhD, LP, MA
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Los Angeles, CA 90044  (Online Only)
You have already taken an enormous step towards your healing by beginning to look for a therapist, so first take a moment to express gratitude for yourself. You want to feel at ease, liberated, seen, understood, connected to others, and comfortable taking up space. I can help! As a 2-SQT/LGBTQ+ Affirming, Anti-Racist, Trauma-Informed, Intersectional, and Liberation-Based therapist, I acknowledge that systemic harm, like white supremacy, generational trauma, and the violence and abuse that is perpetuated by trauma and oppression can have deep, lasting scars that that impact our relationships with ourselves and others.
You have already taken an enormous step towards your healing by beginning to look for a therapist, so first take a moment to express gratitude for yourself. You want to feel at ease, liberated, seen, understood, connected to others, and comfortable taking up space. I can help! As a 2-SQT/LGBTQ+ Affirming, Anti-Racist, Trauma-Informed, Intersectional, and Liberation-Based therapist, I acknowledge that systemic harm, like white supremacy, generational trauma, and the violence and abuse that is perpetuated by trauma and oppression can have deep, lasting scars that that impact our relationships with ourselves and others.
(310) 928-9576 View (310) 928-9576
Photo of Heal(Thy) Self Wellness Services, Marriage & Family Therapist in 90044, CA
Heal(Thy) Self Wellness Services
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Los Angeles, CA 90044  (Online Only)
You are one step away from increasing your self-esteem, enhancing your coping and life skills, and building healthy relationships. Through compassion, empathy, and attention, I provide a safe space for you to grow. We'll work together to reach tangible goals for you, encouraging a healthier way of living!! Providing a non-judgmental environment will allow you to dig deep and examine yourself to unlearn toxic behaviors'.
You are one step away from increasing your self-esteem, enhancing your coping and life skills, and building healthy relationships. Through compassion, empathy, and attention, I provide a safe space for you to grow. We'll work together to reach tangible goals for you, encouraging a healthier way of living!! Providing a non-judgmental environment will allow you to dig deep and examine yourself to unlearn toxic behaviors'.
(213) 295-8436 View (213) 295-8436
Photo of Tracy Satterfield, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 90044, CA
Tracy Satterfield
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Los Angeles, CA 90044
I am Tracy Satterfield Tordella, a Licensed Clinical Social Worker in CA. My approach to therapy is direct, supportive, and collaborative. I specialize in grief and loss, maternal mental health, including perinatal and postpartum mood disorders, and assisting couples with communication and healthy relationships. During our first session, we will explore your reasons for seeking therapy at this time and expectations of the therapeutic process. We will also discuss past experiences with therapy and the benefits and challenges during those experiences.
I am Tracy Satterfield Tordella, a Licensed Clinical Social Worker in CA. My approach to therapy is direct, supportive, and collaborative. I specialize in grief and loss, maternal mental health, including perinatal and postpartum mood disorders, and assisting couples with communication and healthy relationships. During our first session, we will explore your reasons for seeking therapy at this time and expectations of the therapeutic process. We will also discuss past experiences with therapy and the benefits and challenges during those experiences.
(213) 699-4248 View (213) 699-4248
Photo of Diane Ross, Marriage & Family Therapist in 90044, CA
Diane Ross
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Los Angeles, CA 90044
Hi there, my name is Diane. I am an LMFT who is committed to helping people through difficult life challenges, and skilled at helping people navigate and manage symptoms of depression, Bipolar Disorder, Anxiety Disorder, and PTSD. I also have a background working with women who have experienced sexual abuse as children.
Hi there, my name is Diane. I am an LMFT who is committed to helping people through difficult life challenges, and skilled at helping people navigate and manage symptoms of depression, Bipolar Disorder, Anxiety Disorder, and PTSD. I also have a background working with women who have experienced sexual abuse as children.
(213) 523-7673 View (213) 523-7673
Photo of Sarah Painter, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 90044, CA
Sarah Painter
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Los Angeles, CA 90044
Often in my practice I work with creative, put-together people, but, despite appearances, inside they feel disconnected from themselves and others. Many times these feelings are a response to experiencing trauma. We tend to think traumatic events only include extreme experiences, but trauma can also occur through nuanced events that break our trust in others, ourselves and the world. This can program the brain and nervous system to be highly sensitive to shame, rejection and fear. BUT, through reparative experiences like therapy, neuroscience has shown that the human brain can rewire itself to new ways of thinking and responding.
Often in my practice I work with creative, put-together people, but, despite appearances, inside they feel disconnected from themselves and others. Many times these feelings are a response to experiencing trauma. We tend to think traumatic events only include extreme experiences, but trauma can also occur through nuanced events that break our trust in others, ourselves and the world. This can program the brain and nervous system to be highly sensitive to shame, rejection and fear. BUT, through reparative experiences like therapy, neuroscience has shown that the human brain can rewire itself to new ways of thinking and responding.
(213) 474-8788 View (213) 474-8788
Photo of Ashley Perkins, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 90044, CA
Ashley Perkins
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Los Angeles, CA 90044  (Online Only)
My name is Ashley Perkins, LCSW and I have an intensive background working and serving my community. My educational background is BA Sociology from UC Riverside and MSW from Columbia University. I have worked closely in community activism, community organizing, women's health, mental health, and herbalism. I am a public speaker, community event planner and organizer, radio/podcast personality, tv personality, and herbalist.
My name is Ashley Perkins, LCSW and I have an intensive background working and serving my community. My educational background is BA Sociology from UC Riverside and MSW from Columbia University. I have worked closely in community activism, community organizing, women's health, mental health, and herbalism. I am a public speaker, community event planner and organizer, radio/podcast personality, tv personality, and herbalist.
(310) 496-8412 View (310) 496-8412
Photo of Arthur Binder, Marriage & Family Therapist in 90044, CA
Arthur Binder
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Los Angeles, CA 90044
Hello, I'm Arthur Binder and I'm a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist with over 34 years of experience. I like working with adults of all ages and backgrounds who seek to tackle their problems head-on, who have some curiosity about themselves, and who respond to the idea that problems themselves do not need to be a source of self-blame, shame, or guilt and who want to work in this effort to overcome them. I specialize in areas including anxiety, depression, grief, aging, family conflict, and relationship issues, amongst others.
Hello, I'm Arthur Binder and I'm a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist with over 34 years of experience. I like working with adults of all ages and backgrounds who seek to tackle their problems head-on, who have some curiosity about themselves, and who respond to the idea that problems themselves do not need to be a source of self-blame, shame, or guilt and who want to work in this effort to overcome them. I specialize in areas including anxiety, depression, grief, aging, family conflict, and relationship issues, amongst others.
(213) 861-4198 View (213) 861-4198
Photo of David Zuccolotto, Psychologist in 90044, CA
David Zuccolotto
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Los Angeles, CA 90044
Welcome! I am a licensed Clinical Psychologist with 38 years of experience in psychiatric hospitals, residential programs, addiction treatment, and private practice. I use a Cognitive Behavioral approach with an integration of Christian principles and specialize in a number of areas, including Addiction, Substance Abuse, Stress, and Depression, amongst others.
Welcome! I am a licensed Clinical Psychologist with 38 years of experience in psychiatric hospitals, residential programs, addiction treatment, and private practice. I use a Cognitive Behavioral approach with an integration of Christian principles and specialize in a number of areas, including Addiction, Substance Abuse, Stress, and Depression, amongst others.
(213) 261-8623 View (213) 261-8623
Photo of Irit Bernstein, Psychologist in 90044, CA
Irit Bernstein
Psychologist, LCP
Verified Verified
Los Angeles, CA 90044
My name is Dr. Irit Bernstein and I’m a licensed psychologist with over 20 years of clinical experience. My work with clients is focused on reducing symptoms of depression and anxiety related to life stressors including relational problems, family discord, grief/loss, work related stress, and financial concerns.
My name is Dr. Irit Bernstein and I’m a licensed psychologist with over 20 years of clinical experience. My work with clients is focused on reducing symptoms of depression and anxiety related to life stressors including relational problems, family discord, grief/loss, work related stress, and financial concerns.
(213) 516-9930 View (213) 516-9930
Photo of Brian Donovan, Marriage & Family Therapist in 90044, CA
Brian Donovan
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Los Angeles, CA 90044
Thank you for considering me to be your Therapist. I have been a licensed Marriage and Family Therapist since March 2010. My practice focuses on helping individuals who may be struggling with anxiety, depression, past trauma, or family-related issues. I also work with couples who struggle with communication, infidelity, sexual-related matters, conflict resolution, parenting problems, and financial concerns.
Thank you for considering me to be your Therapist. I have been a licensed Marriage and Family Therapist since March 2010. My practice focuses on helping individuals who may be struggling with anxiety, depression, past trauma, or family-related issues. I also work with couples who struggle with communication, infidelity, sexual-related matters, conflict resolution, parenting problems, and financial concerns.
(213) 642-1969 View (213) 642-1969
Photo of Laura Curry, Marriage & Family Therapist in 90044, CA
Laura Curry
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Los Angeles, CA 90044
My name is Laura Curry, a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist. I am passionate about helping others, providing support, and helping to advocate. Your mental health matters! I have various experiences in the field. I have worked in a residential substance use program, Methadone clinic, crisis residential program, community-based therapy, school therapy, county services for severe mental illness, and psychiatric health facility. I have experience working with children, teens, and adults.
My name is Laura Curry, a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist. I am passionate about helping others, providing support, and helping to advocate. Your mental health matters! I have various experiences in the field. I have worked in a residential substance use program, Methadone clinic, crisis residential program, community-based therapy, school therapy, county services for severe mental illness, and psychiatric health facility. I have experience working with children, teens, and adults.
(213) 668-7913 View (213) 668-7913
Photo of Amanda Terronez, Marriage & Family Therapist in 90044, CA
Amanda Terronez
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Los Angeles, CA 90044
I am a licensed marriage and family therapist. I believe the therapeutic relationship is essential to therapy. Together we will work to accomplish the goals you have for yourself. I believe that your core beliefs about yourself will impact the way you behave and feel; therefore, by considering and examining these beliefs, you can gradually alter them and consequently, alter your behaviors and emotions. I am a Cognitive Behavioral Therapist; however, my roots in Client-Centered have served me well by giving me the tools needed to build a therapeutic relationship.
I am a licensed marriage and family therapist. I believe the therapeutic relationship is essential to therapy. Together we will work to accomplish the goals you have for yourself. I believe that your core beliefs about yourself will impact the way you behave and feel; therefore, by considering and examining these beliefs, you can gradually alter them and consequently, alter your behaviors and emotions. I am a Cognitive Behavioral Therapist; however, my roots in Client-Centered have served me well by giving me the tools needed to build a therapeutic relationship.
(213) 693-3655 View (213) 693-3655
Photo of Janie Echeverria, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 90044, CA
Janie Echeverria
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Los Angeles, CA 90044
I graduated from SDSU in 2004 with a master's degree in social work and successfully attained licensure in 2010. I have been a counselor since 2004 in a variety of settings while working in outpatient mental health clinics, working with adults and children with severe psychological conditions. My approach is starting where the client is at and introducing them to the most suitable therapeutic models such as cognitive behavioral therapy, Motivational Interviewing Therapy, Dialectical Behavior Therapy, Cognitive Processing Therapy, and other models that have shown to be effective in the treatment of psychological conditions.
I graduated from SDSU in 2004 with a master's degree in social work and successfully attained licensure in 2010. I have been a counselor since 2004 in a variety of settings while working in outpatient mental health clinics, working with adults and children with severe psychological conditions. My approach is starting where the client is at and introducing them to the most suitable therapeutic models such as cognitive behavioral therapy, Motivational Interviewing Therapy, Dialectical Behavior Therapy, Cognitive Processing Therapy, and other models that have shown to be effective in the treatment of psychological conditions.
(213) 513-7738 View (213) 513-7738
Photo of Anthony Chambers, Marriage & Family Therapist in 90044, CA
Anthony Chambers
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Los Angeles, CA 90044  (Online Only)
I am a licensed Marriage and Family therapist with over 12 years of experience treating children, adolescents, young adults and families. My approach to therapy centers on my desire to help clients discover, learn, grow and heal. In order to facilitate meaningful change, I use various evidence-based treatments including Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy and Dialectical Behavior therapy. I believe that clients are resourceful and possess a unique set of strengths that will aid them in the therapeutic process.
I am a licensed Marriage and Family therapist with over 12 years of experience treating children, adolescents, young adults and families. My approach to therapy centers on my desire to help clients discover, learn, grow and heal. In order to facilitate meaningful change, I use various evidence-based treatments including Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy and Dialectical Behavior therapy. I believe that clients are resourceful and possess a unique set of strengths that will aid them in the therapeutic process.
(213) 306-5625 View (213) 306-5625
Photo of Elizabeth Iniguez, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 90044, CA
Elizabeth Iniguez
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Los Angeles, CA 90044
Hi. My name is Elizabeth Iniguez, I'm a licensed clinical therapist. I'm what's considered an integrative or eclectic therapist, which means that I draw upon various modalities, taking what I believe is most relevant from various methods to incorporate into my sessions, depending on what each individual is going through. I enjoy working with a variety of people. I specialize in the treatment of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, Trichotillomania, Dermatillomania, Hoarding Disorder, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, depression and anxiety disorders.
Hi. My name is Elizabeth Iniguez, I'm a licensed clinical therapist. I'm what's considered an integrative or eclectic therapist, which means that I draw upon various modalities, taking what I believe is most relevant from various methods to incorporate into my sessions, depending on what each individual is going through. I enjoy working with a variety of people. I specialize in the treatment of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, Trichotillomania, Dermatillomania, Hoarding Disorder, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, depression and anxiety disorders.
(213) 682-2262 View (213) 682-2262
Photo of Suzy (Suanne) Kain, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 90044, CA
Suzy (Suanne) Kain
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Los Angeles, CA 90044
Hello. I come to this work with a passion for working with adults experiencing overwhelming feelings brought on by life transitions. You may face debilitating emotions of depression, anxiety, dread, and lack of self-confidence. When present, such feelings can upset your emotional equilibrium. Our focus will be to restore this equilibrium. My therapeutic orientation incorporates a diverse approach looking at the systems that inform your emotional makeup, your patterns of response to strong emotions, and the ways your life experiences can impact the present.
Hello. I come to this work with a passion for working with adults experiencing overwhelming feelings brought on by life transitions. You may face debilitating emotions of depression, anxiety, dread, and lack of self-confidence. When present, such feelings can upset your emotional equilibrium. Our focus will be to restore this equilibrium. My therapeutic orientation incorporates a diverse approach looking at the systems that inform your emotional makeup, your patterns of response to strong emotions, and the ways your life experiences can impact the present.
(213) 632-5927 View (213) 632-5927
Photo of Ana Boydstun, Marriage & Family Therapist in 90044, CA
Ana Boydstun
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Los Angeles, CA 90044
Ana M. Boydstun, LMFT Hello! I look forward to the opportunity to work with you and to support your healing journey. My passion is working with individuals who have been impacted by complex trauma and major life transitions. Most importantly, I want to provide a safe and comfortable space for your therapy journey. I have worked with teens and adults and have expertise in trauma and women’s issues. I utilize Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT), solution-focused, Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), and trauma-focused approaches.
Ana M. Boydstun, LMFT Hello! I look forward to the opportunity to work with you and to support your healing journey. My passion is working with individuals who have been impacted by complex trauma and major life transitions. Most importantly, I want to provide a safe and comfortable space for your therapy journey. I have worked with teens and adults and have expertise in trauma and women’s issues. I utilize Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT), solution-focused, Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), and trauma-focused approaches.
(213) 468-0483 View (213) 468-0483
Photo of James Birks, Marriage & Family Therapist in 90044, CA
James Birks
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Los Angeles, CA 90044  (Online Only)
In today's world It can be so difficult to connect to our truth and live as our authentic selves. My mission is to create a non-judgmental, supportive and affirmative environment that will encourage you to heal, to grow and to reach your fullest potential. Through collaboration, empathetic listening and challenging negative patterns we will work together and help you reach your goals. Embarking on a therapeutic journey takes hard work, vulnerability and commitment. So if you are willing to put in the work I am committed to helping you succeed.
In today's world It can be so difficult to connect to our truth and live as our authentic selves. My mission is to create a non-judgmental, supportive and affirmative environment that will encourage you to heal, to grow and to reach your fullest potential. Through collaboration, empathetic listening and challenging negative patterns we will work together and help you reach your goals. Embarking on a therapeutic journey takes hard work, vulnerability and commitment. So if you are willing to put in the work I am committed to helping you succeed.
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See more therapy options for 90044

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 90044

60+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in 90044 who prioritize treating:

93% Anxiety
90% Depression
74% Relationship Issues
74% Self Esteem
67% Coping Skills
67% Stress
59% Grief

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

88% Cigna and Evernorth
88% Optum
87% Aetna

How Therapists in 90044 see their clients

80% In Person and Online
20% Online Only

Gender breakdown

71% Female
28% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 90044?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.