Photo of Manuel Leiva Jr, Marriage & Family Therapist in 90011, CA
Manuel Leiva Jr
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Los Angeles, CA 90011
Many people experience anxiety, depression, and low-self-esteem. Often, they feel there is no one to trust and no one who can understand them. The impact of this emotional suffering can make daily life painful. It can put strain on relationships with family, friends, and peers. I specialize in working with individuals and have found that there are similar challenges that we all face while trying to navigate through our daily lives. Typically the client's that I work with have not been feeling like themselves for a while and this has led to struggles with their loved ones.
Many people experience anxiety, depression, and low-self-esteem. Often, they feel there is no one to trust and no one who can understand them. The impact of this emotional suffering can make daily life painful. It can put strain on relationships with family, friends, and peers. I specialize in working with individuals and have found that there are similar challenges that we all face while trying to navigate through our daily lives. Typically the client's that I work with have not been feeling like themselves for a while and this has led to struggles with their loved ones.
(424) 347-1137 View (424) 347-1137
Photo of Tolman Therapy, Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor in 90011, CA
Tolman Therapy
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, LPCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Los Angeles, CA 90011
Hello and welcome! My name is Christine (pronounced Christin!) and I am a licensed clinical professional counselor. I love what I do! I am licensed in the states of California, Idaho, Connecticut, Kansas, and New Hampshire. I received my Bachelor's of Science in Psychology from Boise State University in 2005, and my Master's of Education in Rehabilitation Counseling/Counseling from University of Idaho in 2016. My approach to counseling is collaborative, and I like to meet you where you are. I provide a safe space for all people to express themselves, and often utilize humor in my therapeutic approach.
Hello and welcome! My name is Christine (pronounced Christin!) and I am a licensed clinical professional counselor. I love what I do! I am licensed in the states of California, Idaho, Connecticut, Kansas, and New Hampshire. I received my Bachelor's of Science in Psychology from Boise State University in 2005, and my Master's of Education in Rehabilitation Counseling/Counseling from University of Idaho in 2016. My approach to counseling is collaborative, and I like to meet you where you are. I provide a safe space for all people to express themselves, and often utilize humor in my therapeutic approach.
(424) 378-5629 View (424) 378-5629
Photo of Rebekah McCammon, Counselor in 90011, CA
Rebekah McCammon
Counselor, LPCC
Verified Verified
Los Angeles, CA 90011
Hello! I’m a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor with over 11 years of clinical experience. I have worked with a wide range of clients from children to adults, and believe in a person centered, humanistic approach. My greatest strengths are in helping those individuals who experience difficulty with anxiety, depression, negative impulsive behavior that is synonymous with obsessive compulsive disorder or other related anxiety disorder(s), specific mood disorders, and chemical dependency. I consistently practice unconditional positive regard, and I am passionate about joining with people in honor of their individual life story.
Hello! I’m a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor with over 11 years of clinical experience. I have worked with a wide range of clients from children to adults, and believe in a person centered, humanistic approach. My greatest strengths are in helping those individuals who experience difficulty with anxiety, depression, negative impulsive behavior that is synonymous with obsessive compulsive disorder or other related anxiety disorder(s), specific mood disorders, and chemical dependency. I consistently practice unconditional positive regard, and I am passionate about joining with people in honor of their individual life story.
(424) 289-6314 View (424) 289-6314
Photo of Linda Long in 90011, CA
Linda Long
FNP-BC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Los Angeles, CA 90011  (Online Only)
From 2021 to 2022, I committed myself to empowering women through the creation of personalized treatment plans and the management of chronic conditions such as diabetes and obesity via telemedicine. Prior to this, spanning from 2018 to 2021, I was deeply engaged in addiction medicine at Cornerstone of Southern California in Santa Ana. In this role, I provided compassionate care across diverse settings, including detox units and residential facilities.
From 2021 to 2022, I committed myself to empowering women through the creation of personalized treatment plans and the management of chronic conditions such as diabetes and obesity via telemedicine. Prior to this, spanning from 2018 to 2021, I was deeply engaged in addiction medicine at Cornerstone of Southern California in Santa Ana. In this role, I provided compassionate care across diverse settings, including detox units and residential facilities.
(213) 589-3104 View (213) 589-3104
Photo of Carl Quedenfeld, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 90011, CA
Carl Quedenfeld
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Los Angeles, CA 90011
I have worked as a therapist in mental health and substance abuse for about 42 years. My work has included all ages, human concerns and find that what makes therapy work is the relationship that we create together. I utilize a variety of modalities and have extensive training. I find I still am learning and mostly from the patients I serve. I have had the fortune to work with some great therapists of the past and they gave me many gifts in working with such a wide variety of people.
I have worked as a therapist in mental health and substance abuse for about 42 years. My work has included all ages, human concerns and find that what makes therapy work is the relationship that we create together. I utilize a variety of modalities and have extensive training. I find I still am learning and mostly from the patients I serve. I have had the fortune to work with some great therapists of the past and they gave me many gifts in working with such a wide variety of people.
(424) 402-5114 View (424) 402-5114
Photo of Michael Matthews, Marriage & Family Therapist in 90011, CA
Michael Matthews
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Los Angeles, CA 90011
I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist and Certified Rehabilitation Counselor, and I attended Humboldt State and helped the campaign to expand Redwood National Park by 46,000 acres in 1976. I worked in the rehabilitation of injured workers on the North Coast, I graduated from St. Mary’s College of California, and I secured my therapist license in 2000, 21 years ago. I’ve been at the Calif State Department of Rehabilitation for the last 14 years helping the mentally disabled get an education and employment.
I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist and Certified Rehabilitation Counselor, and I attended Humboldt State and helped the campaign to expand Redwood National Park by 46,000 acres in 1976. I worked in the rehabilitation of injured workers on the North Coast, I graduated from St. Mary’s College of California, and I secured my therapist license in 2000, 21 years ago. I’ve been at the Calif State Department of Rehabilitation for the last 14 years helping the mentally disabled get an education and employment.
(424) 339-2454 View (424) 339-2454
Photo of Aimee Mikalinis, Marriage & Family Therapist in 90011, CA
Aimee Mikalinis
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Los Angeles, CA 90011
Hi there, I'm Aimee! I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist. I was a peer counselor in high school and have worked in some form of mental health care for 16 years. I typically work with adolescents, adults, and mature adults. I am most comfortable treating PTSD, other trauma and stressor-related disorders, mood disorders, personality disorders, self-harm, dissociative disorders, and paraphilic disorders. I most commonly use Acceptance and Commitment Therapy as my therapeutic approach. I am also well-trained in CBT, EMDR, and Strength-based therapy. I am also a registered Art Therapist and I specialize in trauma.
Hi there, I'm Aimee! I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist. I was a peer counselor in high school and have worked in some form of mental health care for 16 years. I typically work with adolescents, adults, and mature adults. I am most comfortable treating PTSD, other trauma and stressor-related disorders, mood disorders, personality disorders, self-harm, dissociative disorders, and paraphilic disorders. I most commonly use Acceptance and Commitment Therapy as my therapeutic approach. I am also well-trained in CBT, EMDR, and Strength-based therapy. I am also a registered Art Therapist and I specialize in trauma.
(310) 596-1849 View (310) 596-1849
Photo of Janis Alexa Smith, Marriage & Family Therapist in 90011, CA
Janis Alexa Smith
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Los Angeles, CA 90011
Congratulations on taking this first step toward becoming a healthier version of yourself and living the best life possible. Life is sometimes tough, and I understand that when trying to cope with anxiety, depression, heartbreak, and/or relationship struggles, this can feel overwhelming. In this season of life, you don’t have to be alone. I can help you with those feelings because I am a therapist who has experience in helping others with what you may be facing right now. There is hope, and you can start your new journey to real and lasting change today.
Congratulations on taking this first step toward becoming a healthier version of yourself and living the best life possible. Life is sometimes tough, and I understand that when trying to cope with anxiety, depression, heartbreak, and/or relationship struggles, this can feel overwhelming. In this season of life, you don’t have to be alone. I can help you with those feelings because I am a therapist who has experience in helping others with what you may be facing right now. There is hope, and you can start your new journey to real and lasting change today.
(424) 955-2815 View (424) 955-2815
Photo of Jennifer Rauch, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 90011, CA
Jennifer Rauch
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Los Angeles, CA 90011
Hi, my name is Jennifer Rauch and I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker with over 20 years of experience in the mental health field and I would love to help you find your way through life's problems. I provide counseling services to older youths and adults facing problems at school, work, or in their personal lives. I primarily use Cognitive Behavioral Therapy as a tool to help my clients reach their goals in a timely manner.
Hi, my name is Jennifer Rauch and I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker with over 20 years of experience in the mental health field and I would love to help you find your way through life's problems. I provide counseling services to older youths and adults facing problems at school, work, or in their personal lives. I primarily use Cognitive Behavioral Therapy as a tool to help my clients reach their goals in a timely manner.
(424) 667-5514 View (424) 667-5514
Photo of Claudia Santorelli-Bates, Marriage & Family Therapist in 90011, CA
Claudia Santorelli-Bates
Marriage & Family Therapist
Verified Verified
Los Angeles, CA 90011  (Online Only)
Covid times are hard and complicated for all of us. Whether you’re looking for a new therapist or it’s your first time in therapy, together we can learn new ways to navigate our expectations and feelings during this time. Each of our experiences are unique, complex, and personal. Whether you are dealing with addiction, relationships, trauma, or the general stress of living in today's modern world - therapy is the right choice. Being open to getting help is the first step.
Covid times are hard and complicated for all of us. Whether you’re looking for a new therapist or it’s your first time in therapy, together we can learn new ways to navigate our expectations and feelings during this time. Each of our experiences are unique, complex, and personal. Whether you are dealing with addiction, relationships, trauma, or the general stress of living in today's modern world - therapy is the right choice. Being open to getting help is the first step.
(424) 238-6765 View (424) 238-6765
Photo of Merna Eissa, Marriage & Family Therapist in 90011, CA
Merna Eissa
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Los Angeles, CA 90011
My name is Merna Eissa and I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT) based in Orange County, CA, and working with clients via telehealth. I earned my Bachelor of Arts in Psychology at Concordia University, Irvine. I continued my education at Pepperdine University, earning my Master of Clinical Psychology with an emphasis in Marriage and Family Therapy. I worked with children, families, and individuals of many ages.
My name is Merna Eissa and I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT) based in Orange County, CA, and working with clients via telehealth. I earned my Bachelor of Arts in Psychology at Concordia University, Irvine. I continued my education at Pepperdine University, earning my Master of Clinical Psychology with an emphasis in Marriage and Family Therapy. I worked with children, families, and individuals of many ages.
(424) 587-0934 View (424) 587-0934
Photo of Maria Ortiz, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 90011, CA
Maria Ortiz
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Los Angeles, CA 90011
My Name is Maria Ortiz and I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) in the state of California. I have experience working with women, substance use disorder, trauma, intimate partner violence, youth, and severe mental illness. I have an integrated approach to therapy incorporating evidence-based interventions and holistic approaches that are tailored to meet each person's individual needs.
My Name is Maria Ortiz and I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) in the state of California. I have experience working with women, substance use disorder, trauma, intimate partner violence, youth, and severe mental illness. I have an integrated approach to therapy incorporating evidence-based interventions and holistic approaches that are tailored to meet each person's individual needs.
(424) 401-0348 View (424) 401-0348
Photo of Edward delos Trino in 90011, CA
Edward delos Trino
FNP-C
Verified Verified
Los Angeles, CA 90011  (Online Only)
Greetings and welcome to my professional profile. I am committed to providing exceptional care with a focus on individual needs. My medical career has spanned the challenging environment of acute psychiatric care to the compassionate realm of family health services. As a Nurse Practitioner, my approach involves a comprehensive understanding of your health. I meticulously compile your medical history and conduct thorough examinations to ensure we address all aspects of your well-being. Interpreting laboratory tests and devising customized care plans are among my core competencies.
Greetings and welcome to my professional profile. I am committed to providing exceptional care with a focus on individual needs. My medical career has spanned the challenging environment of acute psychiatric care to the compassionate realm of family health services. As a Nurse Practitioner, my approach involves a comprehensive understanding of your health. I meticulously compile your medical history and conduct thorough examinations to ensure we address all aspects of your well-being. Interpreting laboratory tests and devising customized care plans are among my core competencies.
(805) 590-7784 View (805) 590-7784
Photo of Desiree Golbahar, Marriage & Family Therapist in 90011, CA
Desiree Golbahar
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Los Angeles, CA 90011
Desiree Golbahar is a licensed marriage and family therapist specializing in the field of addiction and recovery. She received her bachelor's degree in psychology from UC San Diego and her master's degree in clinical psychology from Antioch University of Los Angeles. Over the past 10 years, Desiree has gained experience within a wide range of populations and issues impacting children, teenagers, adults, couples, and families.
Desiree Golbahar is a licensed marriage and family therapist specializing in the field of addiction and recovery. She received her bachelor's degree in psychology from UC San Diego and her master's degree in clinical psychology from Antioch University of Los Angeles. Over the past 10 years, Desiree has gained experience within a wide range of populations and issues impacting children, teenagers, adults, couples, and families.
(424) 339-1275 View (424) 339-1275
Photo of Denisha McCoy, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 90011, CA
Denisha McCoy
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Los Angeles, CA 90011
Not accepting new clients
I have over 7 years experience working with individuals and families impacted by various mental health related stressors. My goal is to provide a safe and non-judgmental space for you to be be heard. No matter where things got challenging in your journey, this process will allow us to work as a team to identify and utilize strategies that will help you to overcome the things that are impacting your life.
I have over 7 years experience working with individuals and families impacted by various mental health related stressors. My goal is to provide a safe and non-judgmental space for you to be be heard. No matter where things got challenging in your journey, this process will allow us to work as a team to identify and utilize strategies that will help you to overcome the things that are impacting your life.
(323) 417-8547 View (323) 417-8547
Photo of Jillian Settle, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 90011, CA
Jillian Settle
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Los Angeles, CA 90011
hi there! I'm Jillian Settle, a licensed clinical social worker (LCSW) in California. My primary goal with new clients is to create a safe and supportive environment to process challenging feelings and thoughts and explore issues related to life transitions, anxiety, past trauma, relationship difficulties, and more. These are challenging times and many of us need support. I work from a person-centered lens, which means that I believe you have the capacity and self-knowledge for personal growth. I will start getting to know you using curiosity, empathy, and warmth to ensure you feel seen and heard. T
hi there! I'm Jillian Settle, a licensed clinical social worker (LCSW) in California. My primary goal with new clients is to create a safe and supportive environment to process challenging feelings and thoughts and explore issues related to life transitions, anxiety, past trauma, relationship difficulties, and more. These are challenging times and many of us need support. I work from a person-centered lens, which means that I believe you have the capacity and self-knowledge for personal growth. I will start getting to know you using curiosity, empathy, and warmth to ensure you feel seen and heard. T
(424) 372-1534 View (424) 372-1534
Photo of Karen Patton, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 90011, CA
Karen Patton
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Los Angeles, CA 90011
Hello, my name is Karen Patton, and I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker and masters level therapist. I approach therapy by looking at how you see yourself in relation to others in the world, meaning your sense of power and feeling of belonging and connectedness. Many people have feelings of not being good enough, feelings of guilt and thoughts about things that they think that they should or should not have done, that keep them from fully enjoying life and their relationships.
Hello, my name is Karen Patton, and I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker and masters level therapist. I approach therapy by looking at how you see yourself in relation to others in the world, meaning your sense of power and feeling of belonging and connectedness. Many people have feelings of not being good enough, feelings of guilt and thoughts about things that they think that they should or should not have done, that keep them from fully enjoying life and their relationships.
(424) 349-4337 View (424) 349-4337
Photo of Shalonda K Crawford, Psychologist in 90011, CA
Shalonda K Crawford
Psychologist, ThM, PsyD
Verified Verified
Los Angeles, CA 90011
Sometimes it feels like life has dealt a tough hand. Though the sun is always shining, the clouds are sometimes in the way. The rain may at times roll in like a storm. During these times, finding the silver lining all on your own is challenging and it's okay to get the help you need to pull through. Depression, anxiety, trauma, relational issues? I can help. Do you need spiritual or Christian counseling? I can help. Feeling tired or in a rough patch? I can help. Or, are you simply trying to figure out what life is all about? Yup, I can help with that too. www.LifeBrightNow.com
Sometimes it feels like life has dealt a tough hand. Though the sun is always shining, the clouds are sometimes in the way. The rain may at times roll in like a storm. During these times, finding the silver lining all on your own is challenging and it's okay to get the help you need to pull through. Depression, anxiety, trauma, relational issues? I can help. Do you need spiritual or Christian counseling? I can help. Feeling tired or in a rough patch? I can help. Or, are you simply trying to figure out what life is all about? Yup, I can help with that too. www.LifeBrightNow.com
(323) 677-4980 View (323) 677-4980
Photo of Christine Wenderoth, Licensed Professional Counselor in 90011, CA
Christine Wenderoth
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPCC
Verified Verified
Los Angeles, CA 90011
Therapy can be a creative process. clients see me as someone who is sincerely invested In their best interest and helping to improve their lives. I have a background in education, And I hope you'll view me as a trusted teacher who can help you gain self-awareness . I will tell her therapy to your individual needs, aligned with your story, life experience, and personal growth process. I'll help you identify your thinking patterns and change damaging core beliefs that may be sabotaging how you operate in the world.
Therapy can be a creative process. clients see me as someone who is sincerely invested In their best interest and helping to improve their lives. I have a background in education, And I hope you'll view me as a trusted teacher who can help you gain self-awareness . I will tell her therapy to your individual needs, aligned with your story, life experience, and personal growth process. I'll help you identify your thinking patterns and change damaging core beliefs that may be sabotaging how you operate in the world.
(310) 564-8049 View (310) 564-8049
Photo of Maryann Foster, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 90011, CA
Maryann Foster
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Los Angeles, CA 90011
I favor an eclectic, person-centered approach that focuses on each individual's needs. I will help you build a "toolbox" of skills to help you with everyday stressors. Together we will also look at the "bigger picture"—your hopes and dreams—and prepare to write the next chapter of your life. My training includes psychoanalytic Intersubjective Self Psychology, which I am passionate about as a guiding star for my practice. I am a compassionate therapist with many years of experience who will be committed to increasing your capacity for mindfulness, resiliency, improved relationships, and overall happiness and vitality.
I favor an eclectic, person-centered approach that focuses on each individual's needs. I will help you build a "toolbox" of skills to help you with everyday stressors. Together we will also look at the "bigger picture"—your hopes and dreams—and prepare to write the next chapter of your life. My training includes psychoanalytic Intersubjective Self Psychology, which I am passionate about as a guiding star for my practice. I am a compassionate therapist with many years of experience who will be committed to increasing your capacity for mindfulness, resiliency, improved relationships, and overall happiness and vitality.
(646) 956-3709 View (646) 956-3709

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 90011

100+

Average cost per session

$160

Therapists in 90011 who prioritize treating:

94% Anxiety
86% Depression
74% Self Esteem
70% Relationship Issues
70% Stress
67% Coping Skills
66% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

8 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

88% Aetna
78% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
74% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in 90011 see their clients

55% In Person and Online
45% Online Only

Gender breakdown

76% Female
23% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 90011?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.