Therapists in 86326

Photo of Juniper Campbell, Licensed Professional Counselor in 86326, AZ
Juniper Campbell
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, CCTP
Verified
1 Endorsed
Cottonwood, AZ 86326
Waitlist for new clients
Facing challenges is a natural part of life, but sometimes, situations can feel overwhelming. Feelings of hopelessness, self-doubt, anxiousness, and depression can seem out of our control. We may notice disruptive patterns and challenges in our relationships with ourselves and others but feel unsure of how to change them. Our past can haunt us, and we might wonder why we can't experience the happiness and hope others seem to have. Our present grief or fear of change can be debilitating. The truth is happiness and inner peace are achievable, yet we may require a little assistance to find our way. If you are struggling, I can help.
Facing challenges is a natural part of life, but sometimes, situations can feel overwhelming. Feelings of hopelessness, self-doubt, anxiousness, and depression can seem out of our control. We may notice disruptive patterns and challenges in our relationships with ourselves and others but feel unsure of how to change them. Our past can haunt us, and we might wonder why we can't experience the happiness and hope others seem to have. Our present grief or fear of change can be debilitating. The truth is happiness and inner peace are achievable, yet we may require a little assistance to find our way. If you are struggling, I can help.
(928) 225-3485 View (928) 225-3485
Photo of Dorothy J Burr, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 86326, AZ
Dorothy J Burr
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW, CFRC
Verified
Cottonwood, AZ 86326
Not accepting new clients
Dorothy is a Certified First Responder Counselor and a Certified Clinical Trauma Specialist-Sex Trafficking. She is trained in Brainspotting a "powerful, focused treatment method that works by identifying, processing and releasing core sources of emotional/body pain, trauma, and a variety of other challenging symptoms." Dorothy is client centered, strength based, and uses a style of therapy that is eclectic resulting in sessions being individual for you and your issues. Areas of interest include anxiety, stress and trauma, depression and mood disorders, grief and loss.
Dorothy is a Certified First Responder Counselor and a Certified Clinical Trauma Specialist-Sex Trafficking. She is trained in Brainspotting a "powerful, focused treatment method that works by identifying, processing and releasing core sources of emotional/body pain, trauma, and a variety of other challenging symptoms." Dorothy is client centered, strength based, and uses a style of therapy that is eclectic resulting in sessions being individual for you and your issues. Areas of interest include anxiety, stress and trauma, depression and mood disorders, grief and loss.
(928) 218-8087 View (928) 218-8087
Photo of Beverly Jean Horton, Licensed Professional Counselor in 86326, AZ
Beverly Jean Horton
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC
Verified
Cottonwood, AZ 86326
As your therapist, I will guide you toward developing your own unique, healthy coping strategies without feeling ashamed for doing something to take care of yourself. While I understand the difficulties of asking another for help, I also know the immeasurable benefits and sense of empowerment that comes from facing life's obstacles head on working toward solutions. I am here to help you find your way to those solutions. I have specialized training in working with trauma survivors, grief, depression, relationship issues, family of origin issues, and LGBTQ community in a safe non-judgement space. I work with individuals, couples, and family members.
As your therapist, I will guide you toward developing your own unique, healthy coping strategies without feeling ashamed for doing something to take care of yourself. While I understand the difficulties of asking another for help, I also know the immeasurable benefits and sense of empowerment that comes from facing life's obstacles head on working toward solutions. I am here to help you find your way to those solutions. I have specialized training in working with trauma survivors, grief, depression, relationship issues, family of origin issues, and LGBTQ community in a safe non-judgement space. I work with individuals, couples, and family members.
(928) 239-7478 View (928) 239-7478
Photo of Cristy McDowall, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 86326, AZ
Cristy McDowall
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Cottonwood, AZ 86326  (Online Only)
I specialize in working with those who have experienced trauma.
I specialize in working with those who have experienced trauma.
(208) 635-0349 View (208) 635-0349
Photo of Jenny Gray, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 86326, AZ
Jenny Gray
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified
3 Endorsed
Cottonwood, AZ 86326
Wherever you are in your life, I will meet you with respect and care as we explore your needs with curiosity and compassion. I am Jenny Gray, a Licensed Clinical Social Worker in private practice. I see clients in-person or online in Cottonwood, Arizona. I'm passionate about helping both couples and individuals learn to understand themselves better and begin to foster more satisfying lives and more fulfilling relationships.
Wherever you are in your life, I will meet you with respect and care as we explore your needs with curiosity and compassion. I am Jenny Gray, a Licensed Clinical Social Worker in private practice. I see clients in-person or online in Cottonwood, Arizona. I'm passionate about helping both couples and individuals learn to understand themselves better and begin to foster more satisfying lives and more fulfilling relationships.
(928) 800-8407 View (928) 800-8407
Photo of Debra Logan, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 86326, AZ
Debra Logan
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
2 Endorsed
Cottonwood, AZ 86326  (Online Only)
"Facilitating the integration of wholeness and wellbeing within every person". With compassion, support and understanding we can explore those areas of your life which create sadness, pain and dissatisfaction to you. I work with you to help you discover your strengths, gain insights and develop skills to facilitate becoming the person you want to be. I create a warm, empathetic and inviting environment where a person feels safe to explore and heal. My personality is a balance of warmth, humor, patience, and realism which facilitates change and growth.
"Facilitating the integration of wholeness and wellbeing within every person". With compassion, support and understanding we can explore those areas of your life which create sadness, pain and dissatisfaction to you. I work with you to help you discover your strengths, gain insights and develop skills to facilitate becoming the person you want to be. I create a warm, empathetic and inviting environment where a person feels safe to explore and heal. My personality is a balance of warmth, humor, patience, and realism which facilitates change and growth.
(928) 379-6204 View (928) 379-6204
Photo of Laura Siri Simran Kaur Khalsa, Licensed Professional Counselor in 86326, AZ
Laura Siri Simran Kaur Khalsa
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, CHT, ATR, ET
Verified
Cottonwood, AZ 86326  (Online Only)
In my 30 years of personal and professional development, I have created a unique approach to bring hope and strength, healing and transformation to those who are ready. It is my honor to provide and hold space for you as I offer assistance with your empowerment, acceptance, trust, forgiveness and gratitude. My philosophy is based on healing relationship within Self, with others and with the world. Our time together is precious and I will share with you mindful and compassionate practices and share the value of authenticity, and presence.
In my 30 years of personal and professional development, I have created a unique approach to bring hope and strength, healing and transformation to those who are ready. It is my honor to provide and hold space for you as I offer assistance with your empowerment, acceptance, trust, forgiveness and gratitude. My philosophy is based on healing relationship within Self, with others and with the world. Our time together is precious and I will share with you mindful and compassionate practices and share the value of authenticity, and presence.
(928) 288-4714 View (928) 288-4714
Photo of Michael R King, Licensed Professional Counselor in 86326, AZ
Michael R King
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Cottonwood, AZ 86326
I have been in private practice for over 20 years. My experiences have included working with children, adolescents, and adults in coping with a variety of relationship problems, mental health, and substance use disorders.
I have been in private practice for over 20 years. My experiences have included working with children, adolescents, and adults in coping with a variety of relationship problems, mental health, and substance use disorders.
(928) 382-3023 View (928) 382-3023
Photo of Darlene C Stiffler, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 86326, AZ
Darlene C Stiffler
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Cottonwood, AZ 86326
It takes courage to come to therapy. It is not easy to share your fears and anxieties, or your sadness and grief. We can often feel overwhelmed or get stuck in unhealthy cycles in our lives and don't know where to turn. It is my goal to provide a mutually respectful environment built upon trust and compassion, where you can gain greater insight and self-awareness to handle life's challenges. You deserve to find some peace and happiness in your life and discover the you, you are meant to be.
It takes courage to come to therapy. It is not easy to share your fears and anxieties, or your sadness and grief. We can often feel overwhelmed or get stuck in unhealthy cycles in our lives and don't know where to turn. It is my goal to provide a mutually respectful environment built upon trust and compassion, where you can gain greater insight and self-awareness to handle life's challenges. You deserve to find some peace and happiness in your life and discover the you, you are meant to be.
(928) 693-4393 View (928) 693-4393
Photo of Karen Marzullo, Licensed Professional Counselor in 86326, AZ
Karen Marzullo
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified
Cottonwood, AZ 86326
Waitlist for new clients
Always angry? Frustrated? Feel anxious and do not seem able to stop worrying about everything and anything? Trauma in your past and find it difficult to talk about? Perhaps it’s time you talked with someone who is non-judgmental and can help you feel calm, more relaxed, less anxious. Maybe even sleep better. My ideal client is one who wants their life to change and is willing to work for that change. I am here to help you, but you are in the driver’s seat and will be in charge of your therapy. I do different forms of therapy including EMDR. (Adolescents through the lifespan.)
Always angry? Frustrated? Feel anxious and do not seem able to stop worrying about everything and anything? Trauma in your past and find it difficult to talk about? Perhaps it’s time you talked with someone who is non-judgmental and can help you feel calm, more relaxed, less anxious. Maybe even sleep better. My ideal client is one who wants their life to change and is willing to work for that change. I am here to help you, but you are in the driver’s seat and will be in charge of your therapy. I do different forms of therapy including EMDR. (Adolescents through the lifespan.)
(928) 382-3260 View (928) 382-3260
Photo of Kiper Counseling, Licensed Professional Counselor in 86326, AZ
Kiper Counseling
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified
Cottonwood, AZ 86326  (Online Only)
I embrace a holistic approach to my life and with my practice and patients. Holistic Therapy is a process based on looking at ALL the parts of you, from that inner child hiding away to the parent, spouse, sibling, employee person you may be in the world. Traditional talk therapy is important, and I am educated and trained in the modalities and interventions it has to offer. My emphasis in those areas would be Family Systems and Attachment Theory, with a Jungian slant – so eclectic.
I embrace a holistic approach to my life and with my practice and patients. Holistic Therapy is a process based on looking at ALL the parts of you, from that inner child hiding away to the parent, spouse, sibling, employee person you may be in the world. Traditional talk therapy is important, and I am educated and trained in the modalities and interventions it has to offer. My emphasis in those areas would be Family Systems and Attachment Theory, with a Jungian slant – so eclectic.
(520) 224-9736 View (520) 224-9736
Photo of Jen Emmerich, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 86326, AZ
Jen Emmerich
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, ACSW, CEDS
Verified
Cottonwood, AZ 86326
Not accepting new clients
An experienced therapist originally from Toronto, Canada with 25+ years of experience in mental health. I pursue key therapeutic approaches in the treatment of psychological conditions, with a strong medical background in assessing biological factors. I'm oriented toward cognitive approaches, such as CBT/REBT with an active, engaged style in the process. You'll find me somewhat informal in my office without a formal reception procedure. If you're adjusting to Sedona or the USA, I bring substantial multicultural experience, including facility in several languages. Exploring a client's story is a journey that I treasure.
An experienced therapist originally from Toronto, Canada with 25+ years of experience in mental health. I pursue key therapeutic approaches in the treatment of psychological conditions, with a strong medical background in assessing biological factors. I'm oriented toward cognitive approaches, such as CBT/REBT with an active, engaged style in the process. You'll find me somewhat informal in my office without a formal reception procedure. If you're adjusting to Sedona or the USA, I bring substantial multicultural experience, including facility in several languages. Exploring a client's story is a journey that I treasure.
(928) 723-3797 View (928) 723-3797
Photo of Deborah Pardee, Psychologist in 86326, AZ
Deborah Pardee
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
Cottonwood, AZ 86326
I am a Licensed Psychologist and have worked in the mental health field for over 40 years. My experience is diverse, having worked with children, adolescents and adults with a focus on the treatment of mood disorders, substance abuse disorders and autism. My current areas of specialization include forensic psychology and psychological assessment. I do not do individual therapy and am not accepting therapy clients in Sedona or Flagstaff.
I am a Licensed Psychologist and have worked in the mental health field for over 40 years. My experience is diverse, having worked with children, adolescents and adults with a focus on the treatment of mood disorders, substance abuse disorders and autism. My current areas of specialization include forensic psychology and psychological assessment. I do not do individual therapy and am not accepting therapy clients in Sedona or Flagstaff.
(928) 421-1906 View (928) 421-1906
Photo of Aaron Cohen - Pathways to Mindful Living in 86326, AZ
Aaron Cohen - Pathways to Mindful Living
MA
Cottonwood, AZ 86326
You've recognized that to navigate life's challenges, sometimes you need guidance along the way. You may have tried traditional therapy in the past, but are aware of an inner longing for a deeper, more soulful change. Whether you're seeking help for yourself, your relationship, or family, it would be an honor to be a guide along your path. My approach is the natural outcome of my training in Contemplative Psychotherapy, 20+ years as a meditator and counselor for children, adults, families and couples, and the calling to support other in going "Beyond Therapy."
You've recognized that to navigate life's challenges, sometimes you need guidance along the way. You may have tried traditional therapy in the past, but are aware of an inner longing for a deeper, more soulful change. Whether you're seeking help for yourself, your relationship, or family, it would be an honor to be a guide along your path. My approach is the natural outcome of my training in Contemplative Psychotherapy, 20+ years as a meditator and counselor for children, adults, families and couples, and the calling to support other in going "Beyond Therapy."
(928) 440-0152 View (928) 440-0152
Photo of Jerry E Wesch, Psychologist in 86326, AZ
Jerry E Wesch
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
Cottonwood, AZ 86326
Not accepting new clients
I have been a Psychologist for over 50 years, focused on holistic treatment of PTSD/trauma, chronic health issues and headaches / pain. I am mainly a Health Psychologist. I started my career with the US Air Force. I ran the most successful PTSD recovery program in the military (2008-15). In the PTSD Clinic, our results showed that PTSD recovery can be possible. I use Neurofeedback to relieve the headaches, memory problems and mental slowing from TBI events. I also do IME evaluations for Veterans. I rarely accept VA coverage (TriWest) and require a referral. I am a Medicare provider.
I have been a Psychologist for over 50 years, focused on holistic treatment of PTSD/trauma, chronic health issues and headaches / pain. I am mainly a Health Psychologist. I started my career with the US Air Force. I ran the most successful PTSD recovery program in the military (2008-15). In the PTSD Clinic, our results showed that PTSD recovery can be possible. I use Neurofeedback to relieve the headaches, memory problems and mental slowing from TBI events. I also do IME evaluations for Veterans. I rarely accept VA coverage (TriWest) and require a referral. I am a Medicare provider.
(928) 263-6845 View (928) 263-6845
Photo of Robert A Berry, Psychologist in 86326, AZ
Robert A Berry
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
Cottonwood, AZ 86326
Not accepting new clients
The word 'therapy' comes from the Greek word 'theraps' meaning, an attendant. The prefix 'psycho' comes from the Greek word 'psyche" meaning, soul or spirit. A good therapist attends or listens to the soul, spirit and innermost voice of the client or patient. Having worked in the mental health field over the past 50 years, I have learned and developed a variety of approaches to listen to and attend to that part of each individual that has the potential to bring about understanding and healing from the deep psyche within. Couples counseling involves teaching/coaching empathic listening skills, utilizing "Interactive Focusing" .
The word 'therapy' comes from the Greek word 'theraps' meaning, an attendant. The prefix 'psycho' comes from the Greek word 'psyche" meaning, soul or spirit. A good therapist attends or listens to the soul, spirit and innermost voice of the client or patient. Having worked in the mental health field over the past 50 years, I have learned and developed a variety of approaches to listen to and attend to that part of each individual that has the potential to bring about understanding and healing from the deep psyche within. Couples counseling involves teaching/coaching empathic listening skills, utilizing "Interactive Focusing" .
(773) 219-1109 View (773) 219-1109
Photo of Diane Collett Greenblatt, Drug & Alcohol Counselor in 86326, AZ
Diane Collett Greenblatt
Drug & Alcohol Counselor, MA, LISAC , LCADC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Cottonwood, AZ 86326
Counseling requires your willingness to leave the familiar and commit to making changes no matter how challenging they may be. On your path of healing and transformation I will be with you each step of the way. YOU will not be alone. My passion is working with clients to find their inner voice, their path to healing. Are you feeling overwhelmed, stuck in an unhealthy cycle wondering if you could feel different? As my client, I will guide you to learn how to connect with yourself and others on a more meaningful level. You will find calmness, clarity, and your own personal truth as a result of our sessions.
Counseling requires your willingness to leave the familiar and commit to making changes no matter how challenging they may be. On your path of healing and transformation I will be with you each step of the way. YOU will not be alone. My passion is working with clients to find their inner voice, their path to healing. Are you feeling overwhelmed, stuck in an unhealthy cycle wondering if you could feel different? As my client, I will guide you to learn how to connect with yourself and others on a more meaningful level. You will find calmness, clarity, and your own personal truth as a result of our sessions.
(928) 985-5393 View (928) 985-5393
Photo of Adam Lane, Counselor in 86326, AZ
Adam Lane
Counselor
Verified
Cottonwood, AZ 86326  (Online Only)
I have been practicing in the Substance abuse and Mental Health arena since 2007. I have a Master’s in Professional Counseling and a Masters in Addiction Counseling. I have the following Certifications/ Licensure: LAADC-CA, LISAC-AZ, LCDC-TX, LADC II, MCAP-FL and SAP. I specialize in Addiction Treatment but also Co-Occurring issues that may have had a role in substance abuse. Ages 16 and older are my focus group and with all concerns from PTSD, gender dysphoria, anxiety, depression and obsessive compulsive disorder. My approach is a combination of CBT, REBT, MI, HARM Reduction and Therapeutic Community.
I have been practicing in the Substance abuse and Mental Health arena since 2007. I have a Master’s in Professional Counseling and a Masters in Addiction Counseling. I have the following Certifications/ Licensure: LAADC-CA, LISAC-AZ, LCDC-TX, LADC II, MCAP-FL and SAP. I specialize in Addiction Treatment but also Co-Occurring issues that may have had a role in substance abuse. Ages 16 and older are my focus group and with all concerns from PTSD, gender dysphoria, anxiety, depression and obsessive compulsive disorder. My approach is a combination of CBT, REBT, MI, HARM Reduction and Therapeutic Community.
(602) 497-3590 View (602) 497-3590
Photo of Kimberly Langford, Counselor in 86326, AZ
Kimberly Langford
Counselor, MA, LAC, LASAC
Verified
Cottonwood, AZ 86326
My ideal clients are those who have experienced past trauma and suffering and are looking for healthy coping skills and are interested in exploring how body regulation can help regain control of their responses to the stressors they face. If you have experienced childhood trauma that has been left unresolved and continues to plague you, this might be a great option for you as you learn to desensitize past hurts and reintegrate them into healthy ways in the present moment. I provide space for clients to express their needs and gain tools to thrive in their environment.
My ideal clients are those who have experienced past trauma and suffering and are looking for healthy coping skills and are interested in exploring how body regulation can help regain control of their responses to the stressors they face. If you have experienced childhood trauma that has been left unresolved and continues to plague you, this might be a great option for you as you learn to desensitize past hurts and reintegrate them into healthy ways in the present moment. I provide space for clients to express their needs and gain tools to thrive in their environment.
(928) 371-7188 View (928) 371-7188
Photo of New Paradigm Psychology, Marriage & Family Therapist in 86326, AZ
New Paradigm Psychology
Marriage & Family Therapist, PhD, MFT
Verified
Cottonwood, AZ 86326
My approach to psychotherapy is dynamic, creative, and attuned to each unique individual's needs. I do depth oriented work that supports lasting psychological change because we are working at healing the root cause of psychological suffering. I work with people who come to therapy for different reasons wether it be anxiety/depression, issues related childhood trauma of all kinds, relationship challenges, dealing with a chronic health condition, a life transition, or wether it is simply for personal growth, awakening, and psychological healing.
My approach to psychotherapy is dynamic, creative, and attuned to each unique individual's needs. I do depth oriented work that supports lasting psychological change because we are working at healing the root cause of psychological suffering. I work with people who come to therapy for different reasons wether it be anxiety/depression, issues related childhood trauma of all kinds, relationship challenges, dealing with a chronic health condition, a life transition, or wether it is simply for personal growth, awakening, and psychological healing.
(928) 227-4874 View (928) 227-4874

See more therapy options for 86326

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 86326

20+

Average cost per session

$125

Therapists in 86326 who prioritize treating:

81% Depression
81% Anxiety
77% Trauma and PTSD
73% Relationship Issues
73% Self Esteem
69% Grief
69% Stress

Average years in practice

20 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

68% BlueCross and BlueShield
42% Medicare
42% Other

How Therapists in 86326 see their clients

81% In Person and Online
19% Online Only

Gender breakdown

82% Female
18% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 86326?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.