Photo of Alyse Pfankuch, MA, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Alyse Pfankuch
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
Cheyenne, WY 82001
Battling the relentless grip of anxiety, depression, or OCD. They warp reality, turning everyday tasks into daunting challenges and thoughts into unyielding obsessions. Each moment can feel like a battle against an unseen force, where progress is hard-won and every step forward is a triumph.
Battling the relentless grip of anxiety, depression, or OCD. They warp reality, turning everyday tasks into daunting challenges and thoughts into unyielding obsessions. Each moment can feel like a battle against an unseen force, where progress is hard-won and every step forward is a triumph.
(307) 313-2777 View (307) 313-2777
Photo of Mindy Falkner-Wann, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Mindy Falkner-Wann
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Cheyenne, WY 82001
We are all human, therefore we all have problems from time to time. It’s in those times of trouble that we sometimes need help. I hold a Bachelor’s degree in Psychology and a Masters degree in Marriage and Family Counseling and am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist in Cheyenne, WY. Getting to apply my skills with a variety of people and problems is really where I find purpose. Whether it's depression, anxiety, relationship issues, or another problem, I would be honored to help in your time of need.
We are all human, therefore we all have problems from time to time. It’s in those times of trouble that we sometimes need help. I hold a Bachelor’s degree in Psychology and a Masters degree in Marriage and Family Counseling and am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist in Cheyenne, WY. Getting to apply my skills with a variety of people and problems is really where I find purpose. Whether it's depression, anxiety, relationship issues, or another problem, I would be honored to help in your time of need.
(307) 317-7472 View (307) 317-7472
Photo of Elizabeth Stithem, MSW, PCSW, Pre-Licensed Professional
Elizabeth Stithem
Pre-Licensed Professional, MSW, PCSW
Verified Verified
Cheyenne, WY 82001
Lizzy is a Provisional Clinical Social Worker (PCSW) who recently received her MSW from the University of Kansas. She has several years of experience working intensively with children and families in public mental health and child protection services. Lizzy is passionate about accessibility to therapy and believes every person has the right to a safe place to be vulnerable, feel heard, and partner with an authentic and collaborative therapist to help work through life's challenges. Lizzy is warm and compassionate yet direct and is eager to help clients achieve the best version of themselves.
Lizzy is a Provisional Clinical Social Worker (PCSW) who recently received her MSW from the University of Kansas. She has several years of experience working intensively with children and families in public mental health and child protection services. Lizzy is passionate about accessibility to therapy and believes every person has the right to a safe place to be vulnerable, feel heard, and partner with an authentic and collaborative therapist to help work through life's challenges. Lizzy is warm and compassionate yet direct and is eager to help clients achieve the best version of themselves.
(307) 323-3594 View (307) 323-3594
Photo of Catherine Fuller, PhD-ABD,  PPC, Counselor
Catherine Fuller
Counselor, PhD-ABD, PPC
Verified Verified
Cheyenne, WY 82001
Whether you are here in crisis or you’ve found yourself wanting more out of life, my goal is to give you the tools to make lasting life changes. I primarily use Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) with a mixture of expressive techniques because I have personally experienced the benefits of CBT in my own healing journey. With my knowledge and life experience, and your input, we will work together to figure out which techniques work best for you. I have experience working with a variety of trauma, anxiety, depression, big life changes/transitions, grief and more. I work with teens and adults both military and civilian.
Whether you are here in crisis or you’ve found yourself wanting more out of life, my goal is to give you the tools to make lasting life changes. I primarily use Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) with a mixture of expressive techniques because I have personally experienced the benefits of CBT in my own healing journey. With my knowledge and life experience, and your input, we will work together to figure out which techniques work best for you. I have experience working with a variety of trauma, anxiety, depression, big life changes/transitions, grief and more. I work with teens and adults both military and civilian.
(307) 317-5766 View (307) 317-5766
Photo of Jessica Schnell, EdS, NCSP, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Jessica Schnell
Licensed Professional Counselor, EdS, NCSP, LPC
Verified Verified
Cheyenne, WY 82001
Your brain is a treasure trove of gifts just waiting to be unleashed. Previous life events may be blinding you to these gifts and to your own potential. If you are ready, I can help you acknowledge and release your past experiences as you uncover these gifts and release the chains of your limiting beliefs. Powerful mind-body techniques, including EMDR, Brainspotting, and mindfulness, will allow you to change your life by tuning into your natural healing capacities. Once you do the work and learn the skills, you will no longer be defined by these events and will chart your new path…without unending years of therapy.
Your brain is a treasure trove of gifts just waiting to be unleashed. Previous life events may be blinding you to these gifts and to your own potential. If you are ready, I can help you acknowledge and release your past experiences as you uncover these gifts and release the chains of your limiting beliefs. Powerful mind-body techniques, including EMDR, Brainspotting, and mindfulness, will allow you to change your life by tuning into your natural healing capacities. Once you do the work and learn the skills, you will no longer be defined by these events and will chart your new path…without unending years of therapy.
(307) 312-2654 View (307) 312-2654
Photo of Amy Bobiney, MSW, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Amy Bobiney
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
Cheyenne, WY 82001
Welcome! I am glad you made this important step in your journey of personal growth. Individuals can grow and change when they invest their time, have support and obtain tools. Whether your goal is to achieve greater self-awareness, build stronger personal relationships, heal past wounds, or just feel better about yourself, a therapeutic relationship can help meet your goal. I would like to join you on your journey as an advocate, partner and guide. My passion is to care, encourage and empower the individuals I work with. I built my practice around the principles of non-judgement, self-determination, self-compassion and insight.
Welcome! I am glad you made this important step in your journey of personal growth. Individuals can grow and change when they invest their time, have support and obtain tools. Whether your goal is to achieve greater self-awareness, build stronger personal relationships, heal past wounds, or just feel better about yourself, a therapeutic relationship can help meet your goal. I would like to join you on your journey as an advocate, partner and guide. My passion is to care, encourage and empower the individuals I work with. I built my practice around the principles of non-judgement, self-determination, self-compassion and insight.
(307) 216-2520 View (307) 216-2520
Photo of Maria Velasco, MSW, PCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Maria Velasco
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, PCSW
Verified Verified
Cheyenne, WY 82001
Hi! My name is Maria, my pronouns are she/her. I am licensed as a Provisional Clinical Social Worker. I prioritize my work around the LGBTQ+ community and/or BIPOC. I provide a warm and affirming space for you to explore yourself and build resiliency. I seek to understand the connection between your mental health and personal journey with structural oppression/social injustices. I value human diversity and want you to feel safe in your work with me. I also love my community and want it to thrive.
Hi! My name is Maria, my pronouns are she/her. I am licensed as a Provisional Clinical Social Worker. I prioritize my work around the LGBTQ+ community and/or BIPOC. I provide a warm and affirming space for you to explore yourself and build resiliency. I seek to understand the connection between your mental health and personal journey with structural oppression/social injustices. I value human diversity and want you to feel safe in your work with me. I also love my community and want it to thrive.
(307) 227-2056 View (307) 227-2056
Photo of Madison Harp, MS, PCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Madison Harp
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MS, PCSW
Verified Verified
Cheyenne, WY 82001
I was born and raised in Evanston, WY. I attended the University of Wyoming and graduated in 2018 with a Bachelor's of Social Work and with a Minor in Disability Studies. I then went on to complete a Master's of Social Work degree and graduated in 2019. I am currently a Provisional Clinical Social Worker. While in school, I worked with adults with developmental and intellectual disabilities at Ark Regional Services and vocational services for youth with disabilities at Career Innovations. At a Master's level, I was an intern at a therapeutic preschool for early childhood mental health services in Cheyenne, WY.
I was born and raised in Evanston, WY. I attended the University of Wyoming and graduated in 2018 with a Bachelor's of Social Work and with a Minor in Disability Studies. I then went on to complete a Master's of Social Work degree and graduated in 2019. I am currently a Provisional Clinical Social Worker. While in school, I worked with adults with developmental and intellectual disabilities at Ark Regional Services and vocational services for youth with disabilities at Career Innovations. At a Master's level, I was an intern at a therapeutic preschool for early childhood mental health services in Cheyenne, WY.
(307) 316-1903 View (307) 316-1903
Photo of Stephanie Kettl, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Stephanie Kettl
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Cheyenne, WY 82001
Stephanie Kettl was born and raised in Casper, WY. She attended the University of Wyoming and graduated in 2003 with a Bachelor of Arts Degree in Secondary Education/Social Studies and a Minor in Sociology and then in 2005 she earned a Master of Science Degree in Counselor Education. She moved to Aurora, where she was a Treatment Coordinator at Excelsior Youth Center, treating severely at risk adolescent females from around the country. While at Excelsior, she facilitated individual, group, family therapy, along with canine and equine therapy groups. She has also completed Level I and Level II EMDR training.
Stephanie Kettl was born and raised in Casper, WY. She attended the University of Wyoming and graduated in 2003 with a Bachelor of Arts Degree in Secondary Education/Social Studies and a Minor in Sociology and then in 2005 she earned a Master of Science Degree in Counselor Education. She moved to Aurora, where she was a Treatment Coordinator at Excelsior Youth Center, treating severely at risk adolescent females from around the country. While at Excelsior, she facilitated individual, group, family therapy, along with canine and equine therapy groups. She has also completed Level I and Level II EMDR training.
(307) 224-7386 View (307) 224-7386
Photo of Bailey Ann Mlinar, MA, PPC, NCC, Pre-Licensed Professional
Bailey Ann Mlinar
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA, PPC, NCC
Verified Verified
Cheyenne, WY 82001
As one of the most complex structures known to exist, the inner workings of the human brain continues to be something that, collectively, we know little about. One thing we do know is that our brains function to protect us from unpleasant features of human experience such as discomfort, pain, and trauma. But sometimes, when the brain is doing everything in its power to protect us from these unpleasant experiences, it may feel as though our minds are working against us, rather than with us. I strive to help clients form a healthier relationship with their own minds, in the pursuit of living their happiest and most fulfilling lives.
As one of the most complex structures known to exist, the inner workings of the human brain continues to be something that, collectively, we know little about. One thing we do know is that our brains function to protect us from unpleasant features of human experience such as discomfort, pain, and trauma. But sometimes, when the brain is doing everything in its power to protect us from these unpleasant experiences, it may feel as though our minds are working against us, rather than with us. I strive to help clients form a healthier relationship with their own minds, in the pursuit of living their happiest and most fulfilling lives.
(307) 287-5722 View (307) 287-5722
Photo of Mary J Adams, LMFT, LAT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Mary J Adams
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, LAT
Verified Verified
Cheyenne, WY 82001
Welcome! I enjoy working with couples, families, men, women, teens, and children. My specialties include trauma, communication/conflict, EMDR, mediation, play therapy, and addictions. My office is safe and confidential, a place to work through difficult times and situations.
Welcome! I enjoy working with couples, families, men, women, teens, and children. My specialties include trauma, communication/conflict, EMDR, mediation, play therapy, and addictions. My office is safe and confidential, a place to work through difficult times and situations.
(307) 241-4619 View (307) 241-4619
Photo of Lauren Smith, MSW, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Lauren Smith
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Cheyenne, WY 82001
Waitlist for new clients
As Maya Angelou said- "There is no greater agony than bearing an untold story inside you." You no longer have to bear the weight alone. I am here to offer you a safe place, to share, explore, grow, and heal. I offer several modalities to assist you along the way, based on your individual needs and goals. Some of these include; Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR), Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT) skills, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Solution Focused Brief Therapy, Thought Field Therapy (TFT), and Crisis/Suicide intervention.
As Maya Angelou said- "There is no greater agony than bearing an untold story inside you." You no longer have to bear the weight alone. I am here to offer you a safe place, to share, explore, grow, and heal. I offer several modalities to assist you along the way, based on your individual needs and goals. Some of these include; Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR), Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT) skills, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Solution Focused Brief Therapy, Thought Field Therapy (TFT), and Crisis/Suicide intervention.
(307) 207-3924 View (307) 207-3924
Photo of Heidi McCarty, PPC, Pre-Licensed Professional
Heidi McCarty
Pre-Licensed Professional, PPC
Verified Verified
Cheyenne, WY 82001
I believe that there is good in all of us and even though it may seem lost at times, we just need a little help to rediscover that good and use it to help us through life. My goal is to provide a safe, comfortable, and welcoming place for you to discuss your difficulties and find your good and the answers to help you through your life. Education: Bellevue University Master's Degree in Clinical Mental Health Counseling University of Phoenix Master's Degree in School Counseling Brigham Young University Bachelor's Degree in Marriage, Family, and Human Development
I believe that there is good in all of us and even though it may seem lost at times, we just need a little help to rediscover that good and use it to help us through life. My goal is to provide a safe, comfortable, and welcoming place for you to discuss your difficulties and find your good and the answers to help you through your life. Education: Bellevue University Master's Degree in Clinical Mental Health Counseling University of Phoenix Master's Degree in School Counseling Brigham Young University Bachelor's Degree in Marriage, Family, and Human Development
(307) 209-9013 View (307) 209-9013
Photo of Miriah Bronder, MA, PPC, Pre-Licensed Professional
Miriah Bronder
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA, PPC
Verified Verified
Cheyenne, WY 82001
Miriah is a Provisional Professional Counselor (PPC) who earned her master’s degree in Psychology from University of Massachusetts Global. She has several years of experience working with children, teenagers and their families, assisting them in relational struggles. She works with couples in any stage of their relationship, families, and individuals including adults, teenagers and children (10+).
Miriah is a Provisional Professional Counselor (PPC) who earned her master’s degree in Psychology from University of Massachusetts Global. She has several years of experience working with children, teenagers and their families, assisting them in relational struggles. She works with couples in any stage of their relationship, families, and individuals including adults, teenagers and children (10+).
(307) 370-3390 View (307) 370-3390
Photo of Jessica Jaycox, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Jessica Jaycox
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Cheyenne, WY 82001
Hello! My name is Jessica Jaycox, and I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker in the state of Wyoming. I truly believe that you are the expert in your life and that my role is to walk alongside you in your healing journey. I have experience working with a variety of areas including addiction, trauma, anxiety, depression, grief and body image and self-esteem. I work with a wide variety of clients including children through adults. I enjoy working with littles as well as with teenagers.
Hello! My name is Jessica Jaycox, and I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker in the state of Wyoming. I truly believe that you are the expert in your life and that my role is to walk alongside you in your healing journey. I have experience working with a variety of areas including addiction, trauma, anxiety, depression, grief and body image and self-esteem. I work with a wide variety of clients including children through adults. I enjoy working with littles as well as with teenagers.
(307) 219-5634 View (307) 219-5634
Photo of Dr. Ava Cohen, PhD, LCSW, CST, MSW, MS, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Dr. Ava Cohen
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, PhD, LCSW, CST, MSW, MS
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Cheyenne, WY 82001  (Online Only)
Dr. Ava Cohen is an ASECT Certified Sex Therapist (CST), and holds a PhD in Clinical Sexology. Ava works with individuals & couples on any matter related to sex, intimacy and relationships. She works with you to help you to identify your sexual goals and by offering education, resources, tools and techniques to help you meet those goals.
Dr. Ava Cohen is an ASECT Certified Sex Therapist (CST), and holds a PhD in Clinical Sexology. Ava works with individuals & couples on any matter related to sex, intimacy and relationships. She works with you to help you to identify your sexual goals and by offering education, resources, tools and techniques to help you meet those goals.
(307) 243-4386 View (307) 243-4386
Photo of Amanda Haight, LCP, Psychologist
Amanda Haight
Psychologist, LCP
Verified Verified
Cheyenne, WY 82001
Hi, I am Dr. Amanda Haight, a licensed clinical psychologist providing therapy via telehealth to individual adults (18 and over) in Nebraska and Wyoming. I see therapy as a tool to help you improve your quality of life. Life is a journey, and my job is to help you make forward progress when you get stuck. Therapy is a collaborative journey, and we will be traveling together, with you driving and me navigating. I use evidence-based treatments as the road map, including cognitive behavioral therapy, dialectical behavior therapy, acceptance and commitment therapy, written exposure therapy and cognitive processing therapy.
Hi, I am Dr. Amanda Haight, a licensed clinical psychologist providing therapy via telehealth to individual adults (18 and over) in Nebraska and Wyoming. I see therapy as a tool to help you improve your quality of life. Life is a journey, and my job is to help you make forward progress when you get stuck. Therapy is a collaborative journey, and we will be traveling together, with you driving and me navigating. I use evidence-based treatments as the road map, including cognitive behavioral therapy, dialectical behavior therapy, acceptance and commitment therapy, written exposure therapy and cognitive processing therapy.
(307) 295-0479 View (307) 295-0479
Photo of Randall A Basden, MS,  LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Randall A Basden
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC
Verified Verified
Cheyenne, WY 82001
My ideal client is one who wishes to expand his/her perspective, to acquire skills and strategies to help regulate emotions and behavior, who wants to be empowered to grow and make life decisions that better fit his/her agenda.
My ideal client is one who wishes to expand his/her perspective, to acquire skills and strategies to help regulate emotions and behavior, who wants to be empowered to grow and make life decisions that better fit his/her agenda.
(307) 466-4893 View (307) 466-4893
Photo of Anastasia Pipp, PhD, PPC, Pre-Licensed Professional
Anastasia Pipp
Pre-Licensed Professional, PhD, PPC
Verified Verified
Cheyenne, WY 82001
Welcome! Everyone is faced with challenges in their lives. My first concern is helping you explore and address issues getting in the way of living a happy and productive life. In a safe, confidential setting, we will work together to address your concerns, build resiliency, and increase coping skills to regain wellness. I am Dr. Anastasia Pipp, a therapist providing mental health therapy services to children, adolescents, and adults.
Welcome! Everyone is faced with challenges in their lives. My first concern is helping you explore and address issues getting in the way of living a happy and productive life. In a safe, confidential setting, we will work together to address your concerns, build resiliency, and increase coping skills to regain wellness. I am Dr. Anastasia Pipp, a therapist providing mental health therapy services to children, adolescents, and adults.
(307) 227-4102 View (307) 227-4102
Photo of Adam Stuart-Walker, MA, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Adam Stuart-Walker
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
Cheyenne, WY 82001
My particular areas of interest lay in coming alongside families and couples by providing marriage-enrichment and communication skills. And specifically working with concerns of anxiety, depression, anger management and communication struggles. I find joy in helping people identify behaviors that negatively affect their lives and relationships with others. I work to bring an awareness to the other voices and instincts in our lives that tug at our hearts and help foster an ability to communicate with constructive and compelling reasonableness. ​
My particular areas of interest lay in coming alongside families and couples by providing marriage-enrichment and communication skills. And specifically working with concerns of anxiety, depression, anger management and communication struggles. I find joy in helping people identify behaviors that negatively affect their lives and relationships with others. I work to bring an awareness to the other voices and instincts in our lives that tug at our hearts and help foster an ability to communicate with constructive and compelling reasonableness. ​
(307) 227-4172 View (307) 227-4172
1

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 82001

100+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in 82001 who prioritize treating:

89% Anxiety
84% Depression
76% Trauma and PTSD
76% Self Esteem
74% Relationship Issues
69% Coping Skills
68% Stress

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

81% BlueCross and BlueShield
76% Cigna and Evernorth
65% Aetna

How Therapists in 82001 see their clients

82% In Person and Online
18% Online Only

Gender breakdown

81% Female
18% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 82001?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.