Therapists in 78023

Photo of Dr. Rosemary Z Hernandez, Licensed Professional Counselor in 78023, TX
Dr. Rosemary Z Hernandez
Licensed Professional Counselor, PhD, LPC-S, NCC, CCMHC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Helotes, TX 78023
Thank you for taking the first step in seeking help. Sometimes taking this first step is the hardest for most people to take, so congratulations! My hope is to provide you with a safe place to work on whatever symptoms or concerns you are currently dealing with. I have been in the field for over 15 years and have worked with an array of populations. My experience is in the areas of trauma, PTSD, ADHD, adolescents (at-risk youth), relationship issues, divorce, and law enforcement issues. In addition, I have experience working with veterans to provide a second opinion and/or assessment in support of their VA Disability claims.
Thank you for taking the first step in seeking help. Sometimes taking this first step is the hardest for most people to take, so congratulations! My hope is to provide you with a safe place to work on whatever symptoms or concerns you are currently dealing with. I have been in the field for over 15 years and have worked with an array of populations. My experience is in the areas of trauma, PTSD, ADHD, adolescents (at-risk youth), relationship issues, divorce, and law enforcement issues. In addition, I have experience working with veterans to provide a second opinion and/or assessment in support of their VA Disability claims.
(210) 879-7256 View (210) 879-7256
Photo of Laura Frances Cavicchi, Licensed Professional Counselor in 78023, TX
Laura Frances Cavicchi
Licensed Professional Counselor, PhD, LPC-S
Verified
Helotes, TX 78023  (Online Only)
I cater to clients who are ready to start their therapeutic journey and find relief from problematic symptoms ( e.g. depression, anxiety, and those related to relationship problems, parenting concerns to name but a few). Therapy is a collaborative experience therefore it's important to be prepared with honesty and effort to begin along the pathway for positive change. As your therapist, I am here to facilitate communication, to support you and help you recognize and learn new strategies to help you get to where you want to be; this is only possible because I am on the outside, looking in.
I cater to clients who are ready to start their therapeutic journey and find relief from problematic symptoms ( e.g. depression, anxiety, and those related to relationship problems, parenting concerns to name but a few). Therapy is a collaborative experience therefore it's important to be prepared with honesty and effort to begin along the pathway for positive change. As your therapist, I am here to facilitate communication, to support you and help you recognize and learn new strategies to help you get to where you want to be; this is only possible because I am on the outside, looking in.
(210) 942-5203 View (210) 942-5203
Photo of George S Cox, Licensed Professional Counselor in 78023, TX
George S Cox
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC-S
Verified
2 Endorsed
Helotes, TX 78023
I have been working with kids, teens, adults and families in some role for over 30 years. Having worked as direct care staff while in grad-school, church staff, teaching, and as a therapist, I have had many opportunities to help individuals and families to build on their strengths, and overcome their weaknesses. In addition to my work, I am a parent. In fact I have been a parent in a wonderfully blended family where I have had the privilege to parent 21 children.
I have been working with kids, teens, adults and families in some role for over 30 years. Having worked as direct care staff while in grad-school, church staff, teaching, and as a therapist, I have had many opportunities to help individuals and families to build on their strengths, and overcome their weaknesses. In addition to my work, I am a parent. In fact I have been a parent in a wonderfully blended family where I have had the privilege to parent 21 children.
(210) 960-9692 View (210) 960-9692
Photo of Trisha Govoni, Licensed Professional Counselor in 78023, TX
Trisha Govoni
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Helotes, TX 78023
Working with adolescents and young adults has always been my passion! Let me help your child develop the healthy coping skills needed to overcome their daily challenges. I am creative and enthusiastic in my approach. I can help your child find inner peace and feel confident in who they are. I have been successful in helping my clients gain personal insight by utilizing Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Creativity, Art, and Mindfulness . I work to develop age appropriate treatment plans, objectives, and goals in order to help each client reach their potential and work towards long term change.
Working with adolescents and young adults has always been my passion! Let me help your child develop the healthy coping skills needed to overcome their daily challenges. I am creative and enthusiastic in my approach. I can help your child find inner peace and feel confident in who they are. I have been successful in helping my clients gain personal insight by utilizing Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Creativity, Art, and Mindfulness . I work to develop age appropriate treatment plans, objectives, and goals in order to help each client reach their potential and work towards long term change.
(210) 702-2275 View (210) 702-2275
Photo of Dr Hernandez & Associates, PLLC, Licensed Professional Counselor in 78023, TX
Dr Hernandez & Associates, PLLC
Licensed Professional Counselor
Verified
Helotes, TX 78023
Our Practice It is our belief and experience that you will get more out of your life if you are willing to change. Change is spurred by a feeling that something just isn't quite right, that something could be better, that there's an issue you want to resolve. Therapy is an important step in discovering the world around you and finding your place in it. Our focus is to help individuals heal, energize, and become aware of their inner strengths. We achieve this by providing a neutral safe space, listening to your concerns, and customizing a treatment plan.
Our Practice It is our belief and experience that you will get more out of your life if you are willing to change. Change is spurred by a feeling that something just isn't quite right, that something could be better, that there's an issue you want to resolve. Therapy is an important step in discovering the world around you and finding your place in it. Our focus is to help individuals heal, energize, and become aware of their inner strengths. We achieve this by providing a neutral safe space, listening to your concerns, and customizing a treatment plan.
(210) 796-9317 View (210) 796-9317
Photo of Laurie A. Hightower, Marriage & Family Therapist in 78023, TX
Laurie A. Hightower
Marriage & Family Therapist, PhD, LMFT-S, LPC-S, NCC, RPT-S
Verified
1 Endorsed
Helotes, TX 78023
Couple issues? Family problems? Children or Adolescents with issues? An individual struggling with problems? No matter the stage in your life or relationship there can be bumps in the road at times. Sometimes no matter how hard you may try, you may find you are struggling. Sometimes we find that despite our best efforts we may need help with certain aspects of life. Perhaps we need help leaving old unhealthy behaviors behind, or maybe we need help learning better ways of communicating with our loved ones.
Couple issues? Family problems? Children or Adolescents with issues? An individual struggling with problems? No matter the stage in your life or relationship there can be bumps in the road at times. Sometimes no matter how hard you may try, you may find you are struggling. Sometimes we find that despite our best efforts we may need help with certain aspects of life. Perhaps we need help leaving old unhealthy behaviors behind, or maybe we need help learning better ways of communicating with our loved ones.
(210) 988-6681 View (210) 988-6681
Photo of John Joslin, Licensed Professional Counselor in 78023, TX
John Joslin
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC-S
Verified
Helotes, TX 78023  (Online Only)
John Joslin is a Licensed Professional Counselor Supervisor and Certified Clinical Trauma Professional (LPC-S, CCTP) from the International Association of Trauma Professionals with over 20 years of experience and success. John has experience working with adults, adolescents, and children who are suffering from anxiety, trauma, PTSD, abuse-related issues, low self-esteem, risky sexual behaviors, and oppositional defiance-related issues.
John Joslin is a Licensed Professional Counselor Supervisor and Certified Clinical Trauma Professional (LPC-S, CCTP) from the International Association of Trauma Professionals with over 20 years of experience and success. John has experience working with adults, adolescents, and children who are suffering from anxiety, trauma, PTSD, abuse-related issues, low self-esteem, risky sexual behaviors, and oppositional defiance-related issues.
(210) 940-1824 View (210) 940-1824
Photo of Catherine Clegg, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 78023, TX
Catherine Clegg
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified
Helotes, TX 78023
Not accepting new clients
Life Happens! La Vida Ocurre! Are you feeling tired, overwhelmed, stressed, worried, anxious, sad or alone? You are taking a crucial step in regaining control by searching for help. You deserve and have the ability to feel better and together we can find that inner strength you had forgotten you have while experiencing Life! As a social worker in the healthcare system, I have worked with individuals from a diverse cultural background who were struggling with an array of issues: depression, anxiety, chronic illness, grief/ loss, crisis, and life stressors.
Life Happens! La Vida Ocurre! Are you feeling tired, overwhelmed, stressed, worried, anxious, sad or alone? You are taking a crucial step in regaining control by searching for help. You deserve and have the ability to feel better and together we can find that inner strength you had forgotten you have while experiencing Life! As a social worker in the healthcare system, I have worked with individuals from a diverse cultural background who were struggling with an array of issues: depression, anxiety, chronic illness, grief/ loss, crisis, and life stressors.
(210) 806-7718 View (210) 806-7718
Photo of Kim Ghezzi Supervised By Jeanette Lira, Licensed Professional Counselor Associate in 78023, TX
Kim Ghezzi Supervised By Jeanette Lira
Licensed Professional Counselor Associate, MA, LPC-A, NCC, CSC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Helotes, TX 78023
Feeling overwhelmed or anxious all the time? Do you struggle to feel loved & accepted in relationships? You might lay awake at night focused on the negative thoughts running through your mind. Maybe you are feeling stuck and not seeing progress with your goals. If so, you are not alone and can make significant improvements in the quality of your life & relationships. You can gain peace, a renewed interest in life and excitement for your future.
Feeling overwhelmed or anxious all the time? Do you struggle to feel loved & accepted in relationships? You might lay awake at night focused on the negative thoughts running through your mind. Maybe you are feeling stuck and not seeing progress with your goals. If so, you are not alone and can make significant improvements in the quality of your life & relationships. You can gain peace, a renewed interest in life and excitement for your future.
(210) 761-5866 View (210) 761-5866
Photo of Mikela Rae Bowers, Licensed Professional Counselor in 78023, TX
Mikela Rae Bowers
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified
Helotes, TX 78023  (Online Only)
Mikela Rae Bowers is a Licensed Professional Counselor-Associate (LPC-A) who has over 10 years of experience in mindfulness-based practices and therapies. Mikela works with those experiencing deep suffering due to life's ever-changing nature. From parenting teenagers to divorce or grief over the death of a loved one, Mikela offers therapies to facilitate healing the anxieties, depression, and traumas often accompanying these life events. Working together with her clients, Mikela finds the roots of suffering particular to each one and cultivates an environment and framework for healing.
Mikela Rae Bowers is a Licensed Professional Counselor-Associate (LPC-A) who has over 10 years of experience in mindfulness-based practices and therapies. Mikela works with those experiencing deep suffering due to life's ever-changing nature. From parenting teenagers to divorce or grief over the death of a loved one, Mikela offers therapies to facilitate healing the anxieties, depression, and traumas often accompanying these life events. Working together with her clients, Mikela finds the roots of suffering particular to each one and cultivates an environment and framework for healing.
(210) 940-2988 View (210) 940-2988
Photo of Auravia Holistic Therapy, PLLC, Licensed Professional Counselor in 78023, TX
Auravia Holistic Therapy, PLLC
Licensed Professional Counselor
Verified
1 Endorsed
Helotes, TX 78023
Challenges are a common occurrence in our day-to-day lives, more times than not, they seem overwhelming and discouraging but, navigating through them is possible and attainable. At Auravia Holistic Therapy, we believe when each person is viewed, treated, and nurtured as an entire entity they are able to heal, thrive, and live a more fulfilling life. We aim to provide a guiding light on your path to healing, change and wellness. Our hope is that positive energy, thoughts and actions combined with our holistic and therapeutic techniques will promote mental wellness and wholeness.
Challenges are a common occurrence in our day-to-day lives, more times than not, they seem overwhelming and discouraging but, navigating through them is possible and attainable. At Auravia Holistic Therapy, we believe when each person is viewed, treated, and nurtured as an entire entity they are able to heal, thrive, and live a more fulfilling life. We aim to provide a guiding light on your path to healing, change and wellness. Our hope is that positive energy, thoughts and actions combined with our holistic and therapeutic techniques will promote mental wellness and wholeness.
(210) 361-2784 View (210) 361-2784
Photo of Sabrina Lozano, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 78023, TX
Sabrina Lozano
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Helotes, TX 78023
I've always strived to create a safe and supportive environment to help individuals through difficult times. I would like to take a moment to recognize that you have courageously chosen to prioritize your mental health and wellness. Asking for assistance is not always easy, so it's essential to acknowledge that you have taken this first step toward growth and healing. I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker in Texas with experience working with individuals struggling with anxiety, depression, self-esteem issues, childhood trauma, identity issues, domestic violence, sexual abuse/assault, and immigration stress
I've always strived to create a safe and supportive environment to help individuals through difficult times. I would like to take a moment to recognize that you have courageously chosen to prioritize your mental health and wellness. Asking for assistance is not always easy, so it's essential to acknowledge that you have taken this first step toward growth and healing. I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker in Texas with experience working with individuals struggling with anxiety, depression, self-esteem issues, childhood trauma, identity issues, domestic violence, sexual abuse/assault, and immigration stress
(210) 625-4252 View (210) 625-4252
Photo of Melanie Lawson, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 78023, TX
Melanie Lawson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Verified
Helotes, TX 78023
Not accepting new clients
Have you or your child ever been in a difficult situation and you find yourself looking for help? There are many reasons why individuals seek out counseling for help. Your mental health is important to you and the world around you. Addressing your mental health needs, whether it be from anxiety or depression, will help the rest of your world fall into place. It's never too late to address your concerns, whether it is trauma from the past or anger that has done damage to relationships. Through a collaborative relationship with a counselor you can set your mental health goals and meet them.
Have you or your child ever been in a difficult situation and you find yourself looking for help? There are many reasons why individuals seek out counseling for help. Your mental health is important to you and the world around you. Addressing your mental health needs, whether it be from anxiety or depression, will help the rest of your world fall into place. It's never too late to address your concerns, whether it is trauma from the past or anger that has done damage to relationships. Through a collaborative relationship with a counselor you can set your mental health goals and meet them.
(210) 942-9839 View (210) 942-9839
Photo of Gwendolyn Marentes, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 78023, TX
Gwendolyn Marentes
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Helotes, TX 78023
It is my deepest desire to truly hear and understand the struggles of those who suffer from anxiety, ADHD and grief. It is through my formal education that I can apply my knowledge but it is moreso through personal experience that I can understand, empathize and validate the raw emotions of human experience in times of vulnerability and emotional discomfort.
It is my deepest desire to truly hear and understand the struggles of those who suffer from anxiety, ADHD and grief. It is through my formal education that I can apply my knowledge but it is moreso through personal experience that I can understand, empathize and validate the raw emotions of human experience in times of vulnerability and emotional discomfort.
(325) 219-5391 View (325) 219-5391
Photo of Adam Dueber, Licensed Professional Counselor in 78023, TX
Adam Dueber
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified
Helotes, TX 78023  (Online Only)
Adam Dueber is a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC) in the state of Texas who has 15 years of experience partnering with adults, couples, and teens seeking help with depression, anxiety, life transitions, and relationship issues. He utilizes relational, collaborative, strength-based (SBT), cognitive-behavioral (CBT), mindfulness, solutions-focused (SFT) methods with trauma-informed care to therapy while always maintaining the creativity, flexibility, and awareness necessary to best meet the needs of every unique individual, couple, and family.
Adam Dueber is a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC) in the state of Texas who has 15 years of experience partnering with adults, couples, and teens seeking help with depression, anxiety, life transitions, and relationship issues. He utilizes relational, collaborative, strength-based (SBT), cognitive-behavioral (CBT), mindfulness, solutions-focused (SFT) methods with trauma-informed care to therapy while always maintaining the creativity, flexibility, and awareness necessary to best meet the needs of every unique individual, couple, and family.
(210) 942-1941 View (210) 942-1941
Photo of Natasha Smith, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in 78023, TX
Natasha Smith
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, LMFT-A
Verified
2 Endorsed
Helotes, TX 78023
Are you seeking support for personal growth and healing? I specialize in helping individuals, families and couples navigate a diverse range of challenges rooted in their past experiences. These challenges may encompass emotional and psychological scars resulting from trauma, abusive relationships, battles with addiction, infidelity or the aftermath of a breakup or divorce, along with the associated emotional turmoil.
Are you seeking support for personal growth and healing? I specialize in helping individuals, families and couples navigate a diverse range of challenges rooted in their past experiences. These challenges may encompass emotional and psychological scars resulting from trauma, abusive relationships, battles with addiction, infidelity or the aftermath of a breakup or divorce, along with the associated emotional turmoil.
(210) 591-2369 View (210) 591-2369
Photo of Courtney J Taylor Supervised By Veronica Ball, Licensed Professional Counselor Associate in 78023, TX
Courtney J Taylor Supervised By Veronica Ball
Licensed Professional Counselor Associate, MEd, PSC, LPC-A
Verified
2 Endorsed
Helotes, TX 78023
Hello and thank you for visiting my profile! Currently I am a full-time Professional School Counselor who is working on my LPC-A. I have 17 years of school counseling experience with children ages 4-18 years. My experience includes working with anxiety, with families experiencing loss such as a death in the family or a divorce/ separation, with trauma, as well as working with children in military families.
Hello and thank you for visiting my profile! Currently I am a full-time Professional School Counselor who is working on my LPC-A. I have 17 years of school counseling experience with children ages 4-18 years. My experience includes working with anxiety, with families experiencing loss such as a death in the family or a divorce/ separation, with trauma, as well as working with children in military families.
(210) 942-7461 View (210) 942-7461
Photo of Dr. Kirleen Neely, Licensed Professional Counselor in 78023, TX
Dr. Kirleen Neely
Licensed Professional Counselor, PhD, LPC-S
Verified
Helotes, TX 78023
Making the decision to get counseling for your relationship, your self, or teen is one of the hardest things to do. It's even more challenging to find someone you can relate to, and who has the expertise to really help you. At my practice, you're not just another client. I am laser focused on serving a FEW clients extraordinary well. Helping you tackle the insecurities and anxiety that block their success is my specialty. After twenty years of helping clients, I've figured out a thing or two about how to help people change their lives. I'd love to walk with you on this journey, please give me a call.
Making the decision to get counseling for your relationship, your self, or teen is one of the hardest things to do. It's even more challenging to find someone you can relate to, and who has the expertise to really help you. At my practice, you're not just another client. I am laser focused on serving a FEW clients extraordinary well. Helping you tackle the insecurities and anxiety that block their success is my specialty. After twenty years of helping clients, I've figured out a thing or two about how to help people change their lives. I'd love to walk with you on this journey, please give me a call.
(210) 881-7718 View (210) 881-7718
Photo of Katrina Flores, Licensed Professional Counselor in 78023, TX
Katrina Flores
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified
3 Endorsed
Helotes, TX 78023  (Online Only)
Low stress tolerance. Disconnection from self or your partner. Tension in the body and emotions waiting to be experienced and released. Re-discovering your voice and practicing how to use it to show up more vibrant and confident in your life. These are some of the areas that you can work on in a safe, casual and accepting environment.
Low stress tolerance. Disconnection from self or your partner. Tension in the body and emotions waiting to be experienced and released. Re-discovering your voice and practicing how to use it to show up more vibrant and confident in your life. These are some of the areas that you can work on in a safe, casual and accepting environment.
(210) 981-6646 View (210) 981-6646
Photo of Claudia Patricia Leyton-De La Torre, Licensed Professional Counselor in 78023, TX
Claudia Patricia Leyton-De La Torre
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified
Helotes, TX 78023  (Online Only)
Claudia De la Torre is a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC) with 6 years of experience working with adults and adolescents. Claudia has worked with individuals living with depression, anxiety, emotional and physical abuse, and trauma. Her job is to help guide you towards positive change by fully understanding your feelings and offering unconditional positive regard. Claudia obtained her Master's degree in Counseling Psychology at Texas A&M University-Kingsville, and her Bachelor's degree in Psychology from the University of Texas- UTRGV.
Claudia De la Torre is a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC) with 6 years of experience working with adults and adolescents. Claudia has worked with individuals living with depression, anxiety, emotional and physical abuse, and trauma. Her job is to help guide you towards positive change by fully understanding your feelings and offering unconditional positive regard. Claudia obtained her Master's degree in Counseling Psychology at Texas A&M University-Kingsville, and her Bachelor's degree in Psychology from the University of Texas- UTRGV.
(210) 972-0190 View (210) 972-0190

See more therapy options for 78023

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 78023

70+

Average cost per session

$122

Therapists in 78023 who prioritize treating:

90% Anxiety
86% Depression
79% Coping Skills
73% Self Esteem
69% Relationship Issues
69% Stress
67% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

78% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
76% BlueCross and BlueShield
71% Aetna

How Therapists in 78023 see their clients

66% In Person and Online
34% Online Only

Gender breakdown

88% Female
11% Male
1% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 78023?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.