Photo of Jennifer Beich, MA, PLPC, Counselor
Jennifer Beich
Counselor, MA, PLPC
Verified Verified
5 Endorsed
Bossier City, LA 71112
What would it feel like if you could be really you - authentic, transparent, raw, and real? Are you hiding behind a mask that only shows the world how you have it all together and are strong? Those masks may serve you well, yet deep inside you long to be free from the pretense and pain. You may not even realize you do this, yet your body is giving you signs that something is not right. Maybe your body feels anxiety and shame that overwhelms you, or perhaps rest and peace are foreign to you. If you are ready to go to the roots, or the foundation of your trials for lasting change, I want to help you bravely walk that path to healing.
What would it feel like if you could be really you - authentic, transparent, raw, and real? Are you hiding behind a mask that only shows the world how you have it all together and are strong? Those masks may serve you well, yet deep inside you long to be free from the pretense and pain. You may not even realize you do this, yet your body is giving you signs that something is not right. Maybe your body feels anxiety and shame that overwhelms you, or perhaps rest and peace are foreign to you. If you are ready to go to the roots, or the foundation of your trials for lasting change, I want to help you bravely walk that path to healing.
(318) 702-9599 View (318) 702-9599
Photo of Brittney Ball, LPC-S, Licensed Professional Counselor
Brittney Ball
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC-S
Verified Verified
Bossier City, LA 71112
Not accepting new clients
"Confronting Today's Struggles to Reach Tomorrow's Peace" is the motto of Serenity Counseling, LLC. Individual counseling sessions are provided to adults who are ready to overcome mental health issues that interfere with daily living and building healthy relationships. I have a physical office in Bossier City, LA for face-to-face sessions and offer tele-health sessions for residents in other areas of Louisiana and Texas. Daytime and evening appointments available. I also offer clinical supervision to PLPCs seeking licensure in the state of Louisiana. Contact me for more details.
"Confronting Today's Struggles to Reach Tomorrow's Peace" is the motto of Serenity Counseling, LLC. Individual counseling sessions are provided to adults who are ready to overcome mental health issues that interfere with daily living and building healthy relationships. I have a physical office in Bossier City, LA for face-to-face sessions and offer tele-health sessions for residents in other areas of Louisiana and Texas. Daytime and evening appointments available. I also offer clinical supervision to PLPCs seeking licensure in the state of Louisiana. Contact me for more details.
(318) 225-7056 View (318) 225-7056
Photo of Sarah Harris, MS, PLPC, NCC
Sarah Harris
MS, PLPC, NCC
Verified Verified
Bossier City, LA 71112
As a therapist at Restoring Light Counseling, my goal is to listen intently and without judgment. My hope is that I can walk alongside you and help facilitate your process of self-discovery and self-acceptance. My passion is to work with adults who are facing difficulties such as anxiety, depression, low self esteem, relationship issues, spiritual abuse and trauma.
As a therapist at Restoring Light Counseling, my goal is to listen intently and without judgment. My hope is that I can walk alongside you and help facilitate your process of self-discovery and self-acceptance. My passion is to work with adults who are facing difficulties such as anxiety, depression, low self esteem, relationship issues, spiritual abuse and trauma.
(318) 480-8146 View (318) 480-8146
Photo of John Gingles, MA, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
John Gingles
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
Bossier City, LA 71112
We all want to be truly heard and understood, which can only happen in the presence of a compassionate, non-judgmental listener. When we feel understood, we no longer feel alone in our suffering. A trained, knowledgeable listener who can meet us where we are can offer the insight, perspective, support, and guidance we seek. Are you seeking relief from anxiety, guilt, insecurity, anger, confusion, or depression? Do you need to learn better ways to manage stress or anger, create healthier relationships, overcome addictions, or problem-solve in your life? Would you like to increase feelings of self-worth or to just find yourself?
We all want to be truly heard and understood, which can only happen in the presence of a compassionate, non-judgmental listener. When we feel understood, we no longer feel alone in our suffering. A trained, knowledgeable listener who can meet us where we are can offer the insight, perspective, support, and guidance we seek. Are you seeking relief from anxiety, guilt, insecurity, anger, confusion, or depression? Do you need to learn better ways to manage stress or anger, create healthier relationships, overcome addictions, or problem-solve in your life? Would you like to increase feelings of self-worth or to just find yourself?
(318) 301-6532 View (318) 301-6532
Photo of LaSheka Shine (Lds Consulting Therapist DevelopmentLLC), LCSW, -BACS, MAC, CTHP, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
LaSheka Shine (Lds Consulting Therapist DevelopmentLLC)
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, -BACS, MAC, CTHP
Verified Verified
Bossier City, LA 71112
Mrs LaSheka Shine is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker-Board Approved Supervisor (LCSW-BACS) and Master Addictions Counselor (MAC) with an office located in Bossier City, Louisiana. She works with children, adults, individuals and families using an eclectic approach tailored to the unique needs of each new client. Change happens when people are given the guidance they need to draw on their own strengths & realize their potential to live fulfilling, happy lives. LaSheka provides an environment of compassion, support to help clients overcome obstacles to move forward &thrive. She has the right to decline/terminate service at anytime.
Mrs LaSheka Shine is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker-Board Approved Supervisor (LCSW-BACS) and Master Addictions Counselor (MAC) with an office located in Bossier City, Louisiana. She works with children, adults, individuals and families using an eclectic approach tailored to the unique needs of each new client. Change happens when people are given the guidance they need to draw on their own strengths & realize their potential to live fulfilling, happy lives. LaSheka provides an environment of compassion, support to help clients overcome obstacles to move forward &thrive. She has the right to decline/terminate service at anytime.
(318) 252-8594 View (318) 252-8594
Photo of Shelia Autry, LPC-S, NCC, NCSC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Shelia Autry
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC-S, NCC, NCSC
Verified Verified
Bossier City, LA 71112
I have a holistic philosophy about therapy which means, I believe that best results from counseling are achieved by exploring clients and how they function in their systems (family, school, work, etc.). I view counseling as a process in which the client and therapist work as a team to explore future goals for an improved life and work in a systematic fashion toward realizing those goals.
I have a holistic philosophy about therapy which means, I believe that best results from counseling are achieved by exploring clients and how they function in their systems (family, school, work, etc.). I view counseling as a process in which the client and therapist work as a team to explore future goals for an improved life and work in a systematic fashion toward realizing those goals.
(318) 491-7903 View (318) 491-7903
Photo of Kellie Rilling, MA, LPC, NCC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Kellie Rilling
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Bossier City, LA 71112
Waitlist for new clients
As a therapist at Restoring Light Counseling, my goal is to help you navigate life’s many challenges to reach a place of healing and personal growth. My approach to counseling is individualized to meet the client exactly where they are through empathetic, non-judgmental support and utilizing evidence-based interventions. I am passionate about helping clients of diverse backgrounds feel respected and safe throughout the counseling process. I am an LGBTQIA+ affirming counselor and aim to create an inclusive, validating space for all clients.
As a therapist at Restoring Light Counseling, my goal is to help you navigate life’s many challenges to reach a place of healing and personal growth. My approach to counseling is individualized to meet the client exactly where they are through empathetic, non-judgmental support and utilizing evidence-based interventions. I am passionate about helping clients of diverse backgrounds feel respected and safe throughout the counseling process. I am an LGBTQIA+ affirming counselor and aim to create an inclusive, validating space for all clients.
(318) 712-3407 View (318) 712-3407
Photo of Amanda Veuleman, LPC-S, LAC, CCS, Licensed Professional Counselor
Amanda Veuleman
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC-S, LAC, CCS
Verified Verified
Bossier City, LA 71112
I facilitate sessions focusing on understanding, providing an environment of acceptance, warmth, and respect that helps guide clients through a process of self-awareness, growth, and change. I have extensive experience working with addiction and all of the underlying issues and with individuals and families with trauma related issues. My work in substance abuse has granted me the opportunity to work with a diverse group of clients suffering from stress, depression, anxiety, relationship issues, and grief. I believe therapy is a collaborative effort and I encourage clients to communicate openly about what works best for them.
I facilitate sessions focusing on understanding, providing an environment of acceptance, warmth, and respect that helps guide clients through a process of self-awareness, growth, and change. I have extensive experience working with addiction and all of the underlying issues and with individuals and families with trauma related issues. My work in substance abuse has granted me the opportunity to work with a diverse group of clients suffering from stress, depression, anxiety, relationship issues, and grief. I believe therapy is a collaborative effort and I encourage clients to communicate openly about what works best for them.
(318) 386-4968 View (318) 386-4968
Photo of Tammy Morrell Harris, MA , LPC , Licensed Professional Counselor
Tammy Morrell Harris
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA , LPC
Verified Verified
Bossier City, LA 71112
Not accepting new clients
I am here to help you navigate through your struggles and support you while we find solutions and coping skills to enable you to find a more fulfilling life. Healing, caring, honest connection is my goal with you. I have been engaged in helping people heal for over 20 years. Areas of expertise: Addiction, grief, ( also pet loss), anxiety, depression, trauma and life changes. I can help you move forward.
I am here to help you navigate through your struggles and support you while we find solutions and coping skills to enable you to find a more fulfilling life. Healing, caring, honest connection is my goal with you. I have been engaged in helping people heal for over 20 years. Areas of expertise: Addiction, grief, ( also pet loss), anxiety, depression, trauma and life changes. I can help you move forward.
(318) 616-9312 View (318) 616-9312
Photo of M. Alden Murphy, MS, LPC-S, NCC, Licensed Professional Counselor
M. Alden Murphy
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC-S, NCC
Verified Verified
Bossier City, LA 71112
Waitlist for new clients
I have experience working with clients who are struggling with a wide range of issues such as depression, anxiety, trauma, as well as relationship issues surrounded by low self worth, shame and resentments. I have learned that there are many factors that contribute to someone feeling overwhelmed and may prevent us from reaching our goals that may also include poor coping skills, communication issues, grief or loss, and addiction issues. My goal will be to help you learn how to regulate emotions, identify unhealthy mindsets and/or memories that have kept you feeling trapped, and learn skills so you can find restoration in your life.
I have experience working with clients who are struggling with a wide range of issues such as depression, anxiety, trauma, as well as relationship issues surrounded by low self worth, shame and resentments. I have learned that there are many factors that contribute to someone feeling overwhelmed and may prevent us from reaching our goals that may also include poor coping skills, communication issues, grief or loss, and addiction issues. My goal will be to help you learn how to regulate emotions, identify unhealthy mindsets and/or memories that have kept you feeling trapped, and learn skills so you can find restoration in your life.
(318) 252-1948 View (318) 252-1948
Photo of Lisa P Stevenson, MA, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Lisa P Stevenson
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
Bossier City, LA 71112
My approach to counseling is to build a trusting, working partnership with my clients to assist and support them in identifying problems and obstacles which negatively impact emotional, relational, and functional wellbeing and to find effective, practical strategies for improving quality of life. I will collaborate with you to develop an individual, and personalized plan, consistent with your values and goals, and using research-based methods to assist you in achieving long-term, positive changes. In order to do this I draw from my experiences working with adolescents and adults with a wide variety of issues and experiences.
My approach to counseling is to build a trusting, working partnership with my clients to assist and support them in identifying problems and obstacles which negatively impact emotional, relational, and functional wellbeing and to find effective, practical strategies for improving quality of life. I will collaborate with you to develop an individual, and personalized plan, consistent with your values and goals, and using research-based methods to assist you in achieving long-term, positive changes. In order to do this I draw from my experiences working with adolescents and adults with a wide variety of issues and experiences.
(318) 367-0304 View (318) 367-0304
Photo of Cindy L Willis, MA, LPC, NBCC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Cindy L Willis
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, NBCC
Verified Verified
Bossier City, LA 71112
So, here you are looking through countless profiles of therapists, hoping to glean something from the words that you are reading with a sea of faces staring back at you. Determining who you will work with is a daunting, often overwhelming task. This connection is crucial, as the alliance you form with your therapist will provide a solid foundation for your growth and change. I would be honored to work with you to help you find balance, hope and healing in your life. I want you to know that you are not alone.
So, here you are looking through countless profiles of therapists, hoping to glean something from the words that you are reading with a sea of faces staring back at you. Determining who you will work with is a daunting, often overwhelming task. This connection is crucial, as the alliance you form with your therapist will provide a solid foundation for your growth and change. I would be honored to work with you to help you find balance, hope and healing in your life. I want you to know that you are not alone.
(318) 787-0204 View (318) 787-0204
Photo of Michelle Byrd, MA, LPC-S, LAC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Michelle Byrd
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC-S, LAC
Verified Verified
Bossier City, LA 71112
Waitlist for new clients
The most important things in life are not things they are our relationships. First is our relationship with ourself.  Are you struggling with grief, addiction, anxiety, depression, job problems, love addictions, parenting issues, sex problems?  Are you wanting better communications & more intimacy? Maybe your past has left you feeling insecure, shamed, resentful, or angry. Is this an old pattern or a new situation that you're facing?
The most important things in life are not things they are our relationships. First is our relationship with ourself.  Are you struggling with grief, addiction, anxiety, depression, job problems, love addictions, parenting issues, sex problems?  Are you wanting better communications & more intimacy? Maybe your past has left you feeling insecure, shamed, resentful, or angry. Is this an old pattern or a new situation that you're facing?
(318) 239-5137 View (318) 239-5137
Photo of Mary S Strong, L, P, C, RPT, CAS, Licensed Professional Counselor
Mary S Strong
Licensed Professional Counselor, L, P, C, RPT, CAS
Verified Verified
Bossier City, LA 71112
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor with a Certification in Play Therapy. The full intent of my service is to provide a comfortable partnership in creating a joyful, empowering, and healing experience in the lives of children, adolescence, and adults. In these trying times where we all have feelings of overwhelming anxiety and frustration. The client that I believe would be ideal would need empathy, genuineness, and unconditional positive regard. A client who needs someone a therapist that cares about their well-being and is willing to take this journey with them even when it seems too hard to do.
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor with a Certification in Play Therapy. The full intent of my service is to provide a comfortable partnership in creating a joyful, empowering, and healing experience in the lives of children, adolescence, and adults. In these trying times where we all have feelings of overwhelming anxiety and frustration. The client that I believe would be ideal would need empathy, genuineness, and unconditional positive regard. A client who needs someone a therapist that cares about their well-being and is willing to take this journey with them even when it seems too hard to do.
(318) 310-4107 View (318) 310-4107
Photo of Linda Thomas-Miller - Transforming Minds Counseling Services, LLC, MA, NCC, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Transforming Minds Counseling Services, LLC
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, NCC, LPC
Verified Verified
Bossier City, LA 71112
Are you struggling with Depression, Anxiety, PTSD, and/or Substance Abuse? Are you or your children experiencing ADHD symptoms, Oppositional Defiance, or Impulsivity? Having thoughts of hopelessness, and/or fearful of the unexpected due to you or a loved one being diagnosed with an unforeseen illness? If you have answered Yes to any of these you have come to the right place and I would like to welcome you because you have taken the first step.
Are you struggling with Depression, Anxiety, PTSD, and/or Substance Abuse? Are you or your children experiencing ADHD symptoms, Oppositional Defiance, or Impulsivity? Having thoughts of hopelessness, and/or fearful of the unexpected due to you or a loved one being diagnosed with an unforeseen illness? If you have answered Yes to any of these you have come to the right place and I would like to welcome you because you have taken the first step.
(318) 431-6918 View (318) 431-6918
Photo of Janie P Landry, MA, LPC, NCC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Janie P Landry
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
Bossier City, LA 71112
Reaching out for help takes courage and is likely one of the hardest steps on the path to healing. Maybe you've been praying that a relationship will improve, or you'll get a better job, the anxiety/depression you're feeling will go away, or the addiction you're battling will subside. Prayer does change things and gives us hope, but seeking the help of a trained professional can accelerate positive change, re-frame negative thoughts, and help restore balance in life. Learning new ways to cope, tapping into the power of mindfulness, and changing perspectives can ease depression and end isolation.
Reaching out for help takes courage and is likely one of the hardest steps on the path to healing. Maybe you've been praying that a relationship will improve, or you'll get a better job, the anxiety/depression you're feeling will go away, or the addiction you're battling will subside. Prayer does change things and gives us hope, but seeking the help of a trained professional can accelerate positive change, re-frame negative thoughts, and help restore balance in life. Learning new ways to cope, tapping into the power of mindfulness, and changing perspectives can ease depression and end isolation.
(318) 310-4504 View (318) 310-4504
Photo of Treece Nasser, MS, PLPC
Treece Nasser
MS, PLPC
Verified Verified
Bossier City, LA 71112
I discovered at a young age that I love talking with and getting to know others. It became a kind of mission to figure out what other people were passionate about and what they had going on in their lives. I realized that having a genuine connection with someone you can trust can be incredibly beneficial. This is the type of environment I hope to create in our sessions. Really and truly my goal is to work along side of you, as you create meaningful change in your life.
I discovered at a young age that I love talking with and getting to know others. It became a kind of mission to figure out what other people were passionate about and what they had going on in their lives. I realized that having a genuine connection with someone you can trust can be incredibly beneficial. This is the type of environment I hope to create in our sessions. Really and truly my goal is to work along side of you, as you create meaningful change in your life.
(318) 252-8494 View (318) 252-8494
Photo of Anastassia Mullins, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Anastassia Mullins
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Bossier City, LA 71112  (Online Only)
As a licensed professional counselor, my ideal clients are those struggling to navigate day to day life, those adjusting to life changes, and those struggling to make progress toward their desired goals. I work best with clients who want to understand how thoughts, behaviors, feelings, and personal experiences affect their mental health and decision making.
As a licensed professional counselor, my ideal clients are those struggling to navigate day to day life, those adjusting to life changes, and those struggling to make progress toward their desired goals. I work best with clients who want to understand how thoughts, behaviors, feelings, and personal experiences affect their mental health and decision making.
(318) 386-3451 View (318) 386-3451
Photo of Lauren Moody, MS, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Lauren Moody
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC
Verified Verified
Bossier City, LA 71112
Waitlist for new clients
As a therapist at Restoring Light Counseling, I strive to create an environment of safety and trust that allows my clients to access the vulnerability needed to bring issues to the light. I am firm believer that with the right support and tools clients can find healing and meet their personal goals. My counseling focus is on utilizing client's resilience and inner strengths, identifying harmful belief systems and thought patterns, and implementing evidence based techniques suited to the client's needs. I treat a wide variety of issues such as depression, anxiety, adjustment disorders, eating disorders, chronic stress, and trauma.
As a therapist at Restoring Light Counseling, I strive to create an environment of safety and trust that allows my clients to access the vulnerability needed to bring issues to the light. I am firm believer that with the right support and tools clients can find healing and meet their personal goals. My counseling focus is on utilizing client's resilience and inner strengths, identifying harmful belief systems and thought patterns, and implementing evidence based techniques suited to the client's needs. I treat a wide variety of issues such as depression, anxiety, adjustment disorders, eating disorders, chronic stress, and trauma.
(318) 392-9426 View (318) 392-9426
Photo of Desiree Bridges, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Desiree Bridges
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Bossier City, LA 71112  (Online Only)
Hello, I am Desiree’ Bridges a Licensed Clinical Social Worker. I earned my Bachelor's Degree in Social Work from the University of Louisiana at Monroe and my Master’s of Social Work from Grambling State University. She has over fourteen years of experience working with diverse age groups and in a variety of community settings.
Hello, I am Desiree’ Bridges a Licensed Clinical Social Worker. I earned my Bachelor's Degree in Social Work from the University of Louisiana at Monroe and my Master’s of Social Work from Grambling State University. She has over fourteen years of experience working with diverse age groups and in a variety of community settings.
(318) 824-1576 View (318) 824-1576

See more therapy options for 71112

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 71112

40+

Average cost per session

$120

Therapists in 71112 who prioritize treating:

94% Anxiety
88% Depression
81% Relationship Issues
79% Coping Skills
77% Grief
77% Self Esteem
71% Anger Management

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

83% BlueCross and BlueShield
72% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
64% Aetna

How Therapists in 71112 see their clients

86% In Person and Online
14% Online Only

Gender breakdown

89% Female
11% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 71112?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.