Photo of Pam Thorp, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 64114, MO
Pam Thorp
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LSCSW, LCSW, LLC
Verified Verified
Kansas City, MO 64114
I am a Licensed Mental Health Professional with 20+ years working with children, adolescents, and adults who have suffered some type of trauma in their lives. I work with sexual, physical, and emotional abuse as well as other circumstances such as school violence, medical procedures, and any traumatic event affecting the day to day life experiences.
I am a Licensed Mental Health Professional with 20+ years working with children, adolescents, and adults who have suffered some type of trauma in their lives. I work with sexual, physical, and emotional abuse as well as other circumstances such as school violence, medical procedures, and any traumatic event affecting the day to day life experiences.
(816) 545-9263 View (816) 545-9263
Photo of Laura Dixon, Licensed Professional Counselor in 64114, MO
Laura Dixon
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, LCPC, RBT
Verified Verified
Kansas City, MO 64114
Waitlist for new clients
Do you wish there was someone out there that understood you? Do you feel separate from others, different somehow and struggle to find someone to relate to? Possibly you feel inauthentic in your relationships with others or in the roles that you find yourself in. Human connection is something that we all need and strive for and yet is difficult to obtain at times especially with our fast-paced, individual-centric lives. The therapeutic relationship can provide a safe space to explore identities, challenge obstacles to connection and learn to overcome our difficulties in new and exciting ways.
Do you wish there was someone out there that understood you? Do you feel separate from others, different somehow and struggle to find someone to relate to? Possibly you feel inauthentic in your relationships with others or in the roles that you find yourself in. Human connection is something that we all need and strive for and yet is difficult to obtain at times especially with our fast-paced, individual-centric lives. The therapeutic relationship can provide a safe space to explore identities, challenge obstacles to connection and learn to overcome our difficulties in new and exciting ways.
(816) 934-5212 View (816) 934-5212
Photo of Ron Frigault, Licensed Professional Counselor in 64114, MO
Ron Frigault
Licensed Professional Counselor, MEd
Verified Verified
Kansas City, MO 64114  (Online Only)
I am your GPS, but you’re the driver! My clients are male/female/trans who have constructed patterns of thought and behavior which don’t seem to be helping with their anxiety, depression, and trauma. Folk’s coping mechanisms don’t seem to be working. Together we examine and construct new way of dealing with troublesome issues. Clients appreciate that i am kind, but honest, patient, but goal oriented, and above all: a very caring individual. Life can get better. Really. (I am very camera-shy, so please cut me some slack with my video performance.
I am your GPS, but you’re the driver! My clients are male/female/trans who have constructed patterns of thought and behavior which don’t seem to be helping with their anxiety, depression, and trauma. Folk’s coping mechanisms don’t seem to be working. Together we examine and construct new way of dealing with troublesome issues. Clients appreciate that i am kind, but honest, patient, but goal oriented, and above all: a very caring individual. Life can get better. Really. (I am very camera-shy, so please cut me some slack with my video performance.
View
Photo of Annalisa Gramlich, Licensed Professional Counselor in 64114, MO
Annalisa Gramlich
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, MA, LPC, RYT
Verified Verified
Kansas City, MO 64114
"Who looks outside, dreams; who looks inside, awakes." C.G. Jung-- You might suffer from anxiety, depression, grief, and/or relationship issues, but the key is that you are willing to explore why. My philosophy is holistic in that I feel like it is important to examine each part of life because I truly believe everything is connected when it concerns mental, emotional, and physical suffering and pain. I have recently completed a yoga teacher certification so I am able to incorporate somatic principles and movement into my work with clients.
"Who looks outside, dreams; who looks inside, awakes." C.G. Jung-- You might suffer from anxiety, depression, grief, and/or relationship issues, but the key is that you are willing to explore why. My philosophy is holistic in that I feel like it is important to examine each part of life because I truly believe everything is connected when it concerns mental, emotional, and physical suffering and pain. I have recently completed a yoga teacher certification so I am able to incorporate somatic principles and movement into my work with clients.
(816) 565-4951 View (816) 565-4951
Photo of Marissa Kile, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 64114, MO
Marissa Kile
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LSCSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Kansas City, MO 64114
Waitlist for new clients
"The curious paradox is that when I accept myself just as I am, then I can change" - Carl Rogers. Accepting difficult situations in life and moving towards change is a journey you don't have to face alone. I have 10+ years of experience working with adolescents and adults who struggle with a history of trauma, impulsivity, overwhelming emotions/emotional outbursts, feeling disconnected from others, poor relationships, poor sense of identity, thoughts of suicide and self-harm. These symptoms and behaviors are often a result of feeling unheard, invalidated and/or traumatic experiences.
"The curious paradox is that when I accept myself just as I am, then I can change" - Carl Rogers. Accepting difficult situations in life and moving towards change is a journey you don't have to face alone. I have 10+ years of experience working with adolescents and adults who struggle with a history of trauma, impulsivity, overwhelming emotions/emotional outbursts, feeling disconnected from others, poor relationships, poor sense of identity, thoughts of suicide and self-harm. These symptoms and behaviors are often a result of feeling unheard, invalidated and/or traumatic experiences.
(816) 662-6249 View (816) 662-6249
Photo of Lori Schwartz, Psychologist in 64114, MO
Lori Schwartz
Psychologist
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Kansas City, MO 64114
My specialty is working with patients with relationship concerns and adjustment to life circumstances. I enjoy working with young adults and couples and am a certifed sex therapist through the American Association of Sex Educators, Counselors and Therapists. I have experience working with sexual dysfunctions and interpersonal concerns. I really enjoy working together with patients to analyze problems and am active in providing solutions to problems. Secondarily, I enjoy working with adults and children, evaluating educational and emotional concerns. I have had over 20 years of clinical experience.
My specialty is working with patients with relationship concerns and adjustment to life circumstances. I enjoy working with young adults and couples and am a certifed sex therapist through the American Association of Sex Educators, Counselors and Therapists. I have experience working with sexual dysfunctions and interpersonal concerns. I really enjoy working together with patients to analyze problems and am active in providing solutions to problems. Secondarily, I enjoy working with adults and children, evaluating educational and emotional concerns. I have had over 20 years of clinical experience.
(816) 659-3290 View (816) 659-3290
Photo of Jeff F Miner, Licensed Professional Counselor in 64114, MO
Jeff F Miner
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, MEd
Verified Verified
Kansas City, MO 64114  (Online Only)
If you have ever dealt with anxiety, panic attacks, or fears of letting others down you have been fighting a battle that you don't need to continue to fight. We help individuals control their anxiety by teaching them techniques and tools that will allow them to regain control over their emotions. These are the same skills that professional athletes use to deal with the anxiety and the enormous amounts of pressure they deal with on a daily basis.
If you have ever dealt with anxiety, panic attacks, or fears of letting others down you have been fighting a battle that you don't need to continue to fight. We help individuals control their anxiety by teaching them techniques and tools that will allow them to regain control over their emotions. These are the same skills that professional athletes use to deal with the anxiety and the enormous amounts of pressure they deal with on a daily basis.
(816) 920-0007 View (816) 920-0007
Photo of Taylor Magruder in 64114, MO
Taylor Magruder
MS, PLPC
Verified Verified
Kansas City, MO 64114
I always say its important to go 'therapist shopping', because finding someone who you truly connect with will play a huge part in just how impactful therapy can be for you. Recognizing your need for support and starting therapy can be hard to do, which is why it is my goal to make you feel accepted and empowered as you take these important steps. Whether you are struggling with relationships, people pleasing, self-esteem, or just managing all of the crazy things life throws your way, I am committed to providing a safe space where you feel seen, heard, and understood.
I always say its important to go 'therapist shopping', because finding someone who you truly connect with will play a huge part in just how impactful therapy can be for you. Recognizing your need for support and starting therapy can be hard to do, which is why it is my goal to make you feel accepted and empowered as you take these important steps. Whether you are struggling with relationships, people pleasing, self-esteem, or just managing all of the crazy things life throws your way, I am committed to providing a safe space where you feel seen, heard, and understood.
(816) 339-4685 View (816) 339-4685
Photo of Hutchinson & Associates, Psychologist in 64114, MO
Hutchinson & Associates
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Kansas City, MO 64114
Hutchinson & Associates is a private psychology practice of experienced and caring professionals with diverse personal and professional backgrounds. We dedicate our efforts toward helping individuals, couples and families address life challenges through psychotherapy, psychological or neuro-psychological assessments, and forensic evaluation services. We are committed to a policy of strict confidentiality and non-discrimination. We offer expertise in a broad spectrum of psychological issues and treatment approaches for anyone committed to healthy change.
Hutchinson & Associates is a private psychology practice of experienced and caring professionals with diverse personal and professional backgrounds. We dedicate our efforts toward helping individuals, couples and families address life challenges through psychotherapy, psychological or neuro-psychological assessments, and forensic evaluation services. We are committed to a policy of strict confidentiality and non-discrimination. We offer expertise in a broad spectrum of psychological issues and treatment approaches for anyone committed to healthy change.
(816) 925-4852 x208 View (816) 925-4852 x208
Photo of Burton L Rogers, Licensed Professional Counselor in 64114, MO
Burton L Rogers
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, CCTP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Kansas City, MO 64114  (Online Only)
My name is Burton Rogers, I specialize in mental health and substance use concerns. I enjoy helping others gain insight into their problems and empowering them to make positive changes in their lives. I graduated from the University of Missouri-Columbia with a Bachelor's in Psychology and completed my Master's in Counseling at Stephens College.
My name is Burton Rogers, I specialize in mental health and substance use concerns. I enjoy helping others gain insight into their problems and empowering them to make positive changes in their lives. I graduated from the University of Missouri-Columbia with a Bachelor's in Psychology and completed my Master's in Counseling at Stephens College.
(816) 629-4275 View (816) 629-4275
Photo of Reena Sharma, Licensed Professional Counselor in 64114, MO
Reena Sharma
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, CRADC, LCPC
Verified Verified
Kansas City, MO 64114
Being a parent is a joy like none other. This may however become challenging if your child (especially a teenager) battles emotional, behavioral, eating disorders, lack of confidence or addiction problems. Teenagers with these issues often argue, have hard time expressing emotions, have disruptive behavior, sudden change in eating habits and conscious of their body image. They might resort to use of alcohol or other drugs to escape struggles. This does not mean you are a bad parent; it is just a difficult time for your family. You just need someone to walk you through during this difficult time.
Being a parent is a joy like none other. This may however become challenging if your child (especially a teenager) battles emotional, behavioral, eating disorders, lack of confidence or addiction problems. Teenagers with these issues often argue, have hard time expressing emotions, have disruptive behavior, sudden change in eating habits and conscious of their body image. They might resort to use of alcohol or other drugs to escape struggles. This does not mean you are a bad parent; it is just a difficult time for your family. You just need someone to walk you through during this difficult time.
(816) 448-8144 View (816) 448-8144
Photo of Katie Joneslight, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 64114, MO
Katie Joneslight
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, LSCSW, LCAC
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Kansas City, MO 64114
Waitlist for new clients
“Peace is the result of retraining your mind to process life as it is, rather than as you think it should be” Wayne Dyer. Do you ever feel like you're not actually living your life? Are you too stuck in your own mind with worry, regret or doubt? Maybe past experiences are getting in your way. Causing you to form negative beliefs about yourself. Leading to perfectionism, frustration, self-judgement and feeling depleted. Do you get stuck in cycles overthinking the past or fearing the future? Making it difficult to move forward. Are you actually missing out on what being alive truly means and the experiences it has to offer?
“Peace is the result of retraining your mind to process life as it is, rather than as you think it should be” Wayne Dyer. Do you ever feel like you're not actually living your life? Are you too stuck in your own mind with worry, regret or doubt? Maybe past experiences are getting in your way. Causing you to form negative beliefs about yourself. Leading to perfectionism, frustration, self-judgement and feeling depleted. Do you get stuck in cycles overthinking the past or fearing the future? Making it difficult to move forward. Are you actually missing out on what being alive truly means and the experiences it has to offer?
(816) 542-6989 View (816) 542-6989
Photo of Jenny K Havemeier, Licensed Professional Counselor in 64114, MO
Jenny K Havemeier
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
Kansas City, MO 64114
Families face a multitude of stressors today which can pull relationships apart. Helping families, couples, and teenagers/adolescents identify and cope with these stressors is my passion. If you are facing issues as a family or couple, or have concerns with your teenager/adolescent, my approach to therapy may be what you are looking for. I use a strength based approach to therapy, focusing on solutions to improve communication and reduce conflict and stress in your relationships. Having a safe, relaxed place for clients to work on issues is important to me.
Families face a multitude of stressors today which can pull relationships apart. Helping families, couples, and teenagers/adolescents identify and cope with these stressors is my passion. If you are facing issues as a family or couple, or have concerns with your teenager/adolescent, my approach to therapy may be what you are looking for. I use a strength based approach to therapy, focusing on solutions to improve communication and reduce conflict and stress in your relationships. Having a safe, relaxed place for clients to work on issues is important to me.
(816) 448-8140 View (816) 448-8140
Photo of Collin Jeremiah Pearman, Licensed Professional Counselor in 64114, MO
Collin Jeremiah Pearman
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Kansas City, MO 64114  (Online Only)
If you've been feeling like you're too broken, if you can't see the way forward out of the difficult circumstances in your life, or if you've been wondering, "What's the point of all this?" I want you to know you're in the right place. If you're looking to transform your relationships or change the way you think so you can get out of the hole you've been stuck in and finally feel like you're doing more than "surviving," give me a shout. Let's talk. You deserve a safe person to sort through all the messiness with, and I'd love to be that person. I help depressed, anxious, and traumatized people find peace, purpose, and a way forward.
If you've been feeling like you're too broken, if you can't see the way forward out of the difficult circumstances in your life, or if you've been wondering, "What's the point of all this?" I want you to know you're in the right place. If you're looking to transform your relationships or change the way you think so you can get out of the hole you've been stuck in and finally feel like you're doing more than "surviving," give me a shout. Let's talk. You deserve a safe person to sort through all the messiness with, and I'd love to be that person. I help depressed, anxious, and traumatized people find peace, purpose, and a way forward.
(816) 693-2837 View (816) 693-2837
Photo of Tyler Smiley, Pre-Licensed Professional in 64114, MO
Tyler Smiley
Pre-Licensed Professional, PLPC
Verified Verified
Kansas City, MO 64114
Therapy is a collaborative process, and your therapist should feel like your teammate helping you achieve your goals. I primarily work with adults experiencing a variety of concerns including anxiety, depression, trauma, and/or interpersonal issues from family and relationships. I believe that mental health requires focusing not only on our thoughts and emotions, but also on our physical health and social relationships. I enjoy working collaboratively with clients because I understand that therapy must take a unique path for each individual.
Therapy is a collaborative process, and your therapist should feel like your teammate helping you achieve your goals. I primarily work with adults experiencing a variety of concerns including anxiety, depression, trauma, and/or interpersonal issues from family and relationships. I believe that mental health requires focusing not only on our thoughts and emotions, but also on our physical health and social relationships. I enjoy working collaboratively with clients because I understand that therapy must take a unique path for each individual.
(816) 408-3373 View (816) 408-3373
Photo of Sean Cahill in 64114, MO
Sean Cahill
MS, PLPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Kansas City, MO 64114
Everyone has their own unique story. And let's face it, life is a journey. It is full of highs and lows and twists and turns. I aim to help people discover or rediscover their strengths and values to lead a full and meaningful life. You may feel depressed, anxious, nervous, uncertain, lost, hopeless, or all of the above and more. Together, we can navigate life on your terms with goals you create for your own unique therapy experience.
Everyone has their own unique story. And let's face it, life is a journey. It is full of highs and lows and twists and turns. I aim to help people discover or rediscover their strengths and values to lead a full and meaningful life. You may feel depressed, anxious, nervous, uncertain, lost, hopeless, or all of the above and more. Together, we can navigate life on your terms with goals you create for your own unique therapy experience.
(816) 495-3832 View (816) 495-3832
Photo of Brian P Heydon, Licensed Professional Counselor in 64114, MO
Brian P Heydon
Licensed Professional Counselor, EdS, LPC, CIT
Verified Verified
Kansas City, MO 64114
Finding the right counselor may be one of the most important decisions you can make in seeking a better life. As my client, you will be provided a therapeutic relationship that is non-threatening, challenging, empowering, and ultimately life changing. You will find that your pain, which is actually healing trying to happen, will be lessened and most likely alleviated, your feelings and experiences are valid, and that you can make positive changes to improve your life and relationships. I'm a Certified Imago Relationship Therapist and specialize in relationships - between couples, parents and children, friends - any human relationship
Finding the right counselor may be one of the most important decisions you can make in seeking a better life. As my client, you will be provided a therapeutic relationship that is non-threatening, challenging, empowering, and ultimately life changing. You will find that your pain, which is actually healing trying to happen, will be lessened and most likely alleviated, your feelings and experiences are valid, and that you can make positive changes to improve your life and relationships. I'm a Certified Imago Relationship Therapist and specialize in relationships - between couples, parents and children, friends - any human relationship
(816) 659-3196 View (816) 659-3196
Photo of Carron Ellspermann Montgomery, Licensed Professional Counselor in 64114, MO
Carron Ellspermann Montgomery
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC, RPT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Kansas City, MO 64114
Do you feel confused, worried or lost about your child's behavior? I can help by providing your child or teen with the skills and confidence needed to transform their behavior. I want your child to feel confident and proud of who they are at school and at home.
Do you feel confused, worried or lost about your child's behavior? I can help by providing your child or teen with the skills and confidence needed to transform their behavior. I want your child to feel confident and proud of who they are at school and at home.
(913) 937-8360 View (913) 937-8360
Photo of Olufemi (Femi) Sharp, Licensed Professional Counselor in 64114, MO
Olufemi (Femi) Sharp
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
Kansas City, MO 64114
Spring time is here a time for clearing and shedding away the old narratives that keep us stuck in the past. Are you ready to release and let go of the trauma, anxiety, unworthiness, depression, loneliness? Trauma lives in the body you are worthy of healing, renewal and restoration in the mind, body and spirit. I will inspire you to feel it and heal it and carry the shift toward becoming fully present and alive in self-love. You will learn the ancient transformative power of emboded presence, peace and practice. I will teach you the powerful science-based practices for increasing the neural pathways of happiness. Spring forward.
Spring time is here a time for clearing and shedding away the old narratives that keep us stuck in the past. Are you ready to release and let go of the trauma, anxiety, unworthiness, depression, loneliness? Trauma lives in the body you are worthy of healing, renewal and restoration in the mind, body and spirit. I will inspire you to feel it and heal it and carry the shift toward becoming fully present and alive in self-love. You will learn the ancient transformative power of emboded presence, peace and practice. I will teach you the powerful science-based practices for increasing the neural pathways of happiness. Spring forward.
(816) 839-9476 View (816) 839-9476
Photo of Heather Ann Fitzcharles, Licensed Professional Counselor in 64114, MO
Heather Ann Fitzcharles
Licensed Professional Counselor, EdS, LCPC, LPC, CCTP, C-DBT
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Kansas City, MO 64114
Not accepting new clients
Sometimes we experience life changing events that cause us lose sight of our hopes and dreams. Our fears can deceive us into believing that we will never be okay again. We do not have to be defined by what has happened to us. I believe that no matter what we have been through we have the potential to create for ourselves, a happy, rich and full life worth living. It is not easy to overcome the bad experiences but it is possible. Therapy can increase psychological flexibility and allow us to not be open again. If you are tired of being limited and ready to make real changes therapy can help you create the life you wish to have.
Sometimes we experience life changing events that cause us lose sight of our hopes and dreams. Our fears can deceive us into believing that we will never be okay again. We do not have to be defined by what has happened to us. I believe that no matter what we have been through we have the potential to create for ourselves, a happy, rich and full life worth living. It is not easy to overcome the bad experiences but it is possible. Therapy can increase psychological flexibility and allow us to not be open again. If you are tired of being limited and ready to make real changes therapy can help you create the life you wish to have.
(816) 307-2112 View (816) 307-2112

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 64114

100+

Average cost per session

$125

Therapists in 64114 who prioritize treating:

94% Anxiety
93% Depression
79% Relationship Issues
76% Trauma and PTSD
75% Self Esteem
68% Coping Skills
67% Stress

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

65% BlueCross and BlueShield
64% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
59% Aetna

How Therapists in 64114 see their clients

82% In Person and Online
18% Online Only

Gender breakdown

72% Female
27% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 64114?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.