Therapists in 60532

Photo of Dawn Spahr, Counselor in 60532, IL
Dawn Spahr
Counselor, LCPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Lisle, IL 60532
“Our greatest need is to be seen.” Marianne Williamson. My goal as a counselor is to be someone who sees and understands. We are all individuals and have many complexities. Our needs and struggles are unique.
“Our greatest need is to be seen.” Marianne Williamson. My goal as a counselor is to be someone who sees and understands. We are all individuals and have many complexities. Our needs and struggles are unique.
(331) 259-8653 View (331) 259-8653
Photo of Giselle Roszkowski, Licensed Professional Counselor in 60532, IL
Giselle Roszkowski
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Not Verified Not Verified
Lisle, IL 60532
Giselle Roszkowski is a Licensed Professional Counselor in Illinois. She has a Bachelor of Science from the University of Illinois at Chicago in Psychology and a Masters in Clinical Psychology from Benedictine University. Giselle tries to provide an environment where clients they feel safe and heard in a non-judgmental way. In her spare time, Giselle enjoys spending time with family, travel, reading, and listening to music.
Giselle Roszkowski is a Licensed Professional Counselor in Illinois. She has a Bachelor of Science from the University of Illinois at Chicago in Psychology and a Masters in Clinical Psychology from Benedictine University. Giselle tries to provide an environment where clients they feel safe and heard in a non-judgmental way. In her spare time, Giselle enjoys spending time with family, travel, reading, and listening to music.
(331) 207-9539 View (331) 207-9539
Photo of Amy R Glinke, Licensed Professional Counselor in 60532, IL
Amy R Glinke
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Lisle, IL 60532
Have you had enough? Do you need to make a change? Are you hurting? I desire to help others who are on a journey of growth, healing and change. I will help guide you through your personal journey and together we will find the way. I work with individuals and couples who are dealing with a variety of life situations and struggles. Many of my clients experience anxiety, depression, addiction, relationship issues, communication conflicts, abuse,and divorce. It is easy to isolate yourself and not talk about issues that are causing unease. I will help you discover your own answer.
Have you had enough? Do you need to make a change? Are you hurting? I desire to help others who are on a journey of growth, healing and change. I will help guide you through your personal journey and together we will find the way. I work with individuals and couples who are dealing with a variety of life situations and struggles. Many of my clients experience anxiety, depression, addiction, relationship issues, communication conflicts, abuse,and divorce. It is easy to isolate yourself and not talk about issues that are causing unease. I will help you discover your own answer.
(630) 599-8791 View (630) 599-8791
Photo of Sam Vanderplow, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 60532, IL
Sam Vanderplow
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LSW, CCATP
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Lisle, IL 60532
I’m sure you have been searching for some time now, looking at a sea of profiles left and right. Trying to connect with a profile can be overwhelming, especially if you're already grappling with feelings of anxiety, depression, confusion, or guilt. I’ve been on the other side of the profile, searching for someone I’d hope to feel comfortable enough talking to and remember the overwhelm. You've taken a big step in recognizing you want to feel differently or want something to be different by beginning this search for a therapist. You're on the right path because even if you carry it well doesn't make it not heavy, its heavy.
I’m sure you have been searching for some time now, looking at a sea of profiles left and right. Trying to connect with a profile can be overwhelming, especially if you're already grappling with feelings of anxiety, depression, confusion, or guilt. I’ve been on the other side of the profile, searching for someone I’d hope to feel comfortable enough talking to and remember the overwhelm. You've taken a big step in recognizing you want to feel differently or want something to be different by beginning this search for a therapist. You're on the right path because even if you carry it well doesn't make it not heavy, its heavy.
(331) 244-6103 View (331) 244-6103
Photo of Amy P Nichols, Counselor in 60532, IL
Amy P Nichols
Counselor, MA, LCPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Lisle, IL 60532
Waitlist for new clients
Welcome to my profile! I believe that forming a strong and meaningful therapeutic relationship is essential. My role as a therapist is to guide you in maximizing your emotional growth, creating positive change and provide a space for compassion and healing. I treat adolescents, adults and couples. My purpose is to guide you in identifying and challenging emotions, behaviors and beliefs that are no longer serving you. We will set specific, manageable treatment goals and work together as a team to expand personal strength and resiliency.
Welcome to my profile! I believe that forming a strong and meaningful therapeutic relationship is essential. My role as a therapist is to guide you in maximizing your emotional growth, creating positive change and provide a space for compassion and healing. I treat adolescents, adults and couples. My purpose is to guide you in identifying and challenging emotions, behaviors and beliefs that are no longer serving you. We will set specific, manageable treatment goals and work together as a team to expand personal strength and resiliency.
(331) 233-1361 View (331) 233-1361
Photo of Sophia Belczak, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 60532, IL
Sophia Belczak
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LSW
Verified Verified
Lisle, IL 60532
My passion is helping those who meet with me learn, grow, and work through whatever hardships they struggle with. Whether you're overwhelmed by anxiety, struggling with self-confidence, or feeling out of control. I have experience working with adolescents and adults and I'm eager to support and embrace everyone who seeks therapy. From newcomers starting therapy for the first time, to those looking around for someone they align with, I am happy to see all. Starting can be intimidating, but I strive to meet people where they are and support them as best I can. Everyone deserves compassion and care in their mental health journey
My passion is helping those who meet with me learn, grow, and work through whatever hardships they struggle with. Whether you're overwhelmed by anxiety, struggling with self-confidence, or feeling out of control. I have experience working with adolescents and adults and I'm eager to support and embrace everyone who seeks therapy. From newcomers starting therapy for the first time, to those looking around for someone they align with, I am happy to see all. Starting can be intimidating, but I strive to meet people where they are and support them as best I can. Everyone deserves compassion and care in their mental health journey
(331) 979-3179 x725 View (331) 979-3179 x725
Photo of Philip M Martinez, Counselor in 60532, IL
Philip M Martinez
Counselor, MA, LCPC
Verified Verified
Lisle, IL 60532
The clients that I work with tend to be those who recognize a change is needed in their life or have heard from enough reliable sources to cause them to question the need for change in their lives. I equally enjoy working with both adolescents and adults. I have found a great deal of satisfaction working with teenagers and the unique problems they face growing up in today's world. I also have special interest in working with individuals and families whose lives have been affected by addiction or substance abuse as well as survivors of suicide.
The clients that I work with tend to be those who recognize a change is needed in their life or have heard from enough reliable sources to cause them to question the need for change in their lives. I equally enjoy working with both adolescents and adults. I have found a great deal of satisfaction working with teenagers and the unique problems they face growing up in today's world. I also have special interest in working with individuals and families whose lives have been affected by addiction or substance abuse as well as survivors of suicide.
(630) 557-6651 View (630) 557-6651
Photo of Angela Lynn Dechant, Licensed Professional Counselor in 60532, IL
Angela Lynn Dechant
Licensed Professional Counselor, LCPC
Verified Verified
Lisle, IL 60532
If anxiety, low self-esteem, or tough relationships weigh you down, I'm here for you. You need a safe space to tackle these challenges, learn new skills to cope with everyday stressors, rebuild confidence, and understand your relationships better. Together, let's work on managing anxiety, boosting your self-worth, and fostering healthier connections. You want relief from constant worry, a stronger sense of self, and fulfilling relationships. Let's team up to navigate this journey toward inner peace and a more fulfilling life. You don't have to do this alone.
If anxiety, low self-esteem, or tough relationships weigh you down, I'm here for you. You need a safe space to tackle these challenges, learn new skills to cope with everyday stressors, rebuild confidence, and understand your relationships better. Together, let's work on managing anxiety, boosting your self-worth, and fostering healthier connections. You want relief from constant worry, a stronger sense of self, and fulfilling relationships. Let's team up to navigate this journey toward inner peace and a more fulfilling life. You don't have to do this alone.
(630) 523-8124 View (630) 523-8124
Photo of Victoria Astrosky, Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor in 60532, IL
Victoria Astrosky
Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor, LCPC
Verified Verified
Lisle, IL 60532
Starting therapy can be a difficult decision for a variety of reasons "“ stigma, resources, daily life challenges. I strive to provide a safe, validating therapeutic experience to help alleviate those challenges. I am here to guide you through every journey of your life's roadmap. Through validation, compassion, authenticity, and understanding I will help you explore yourself, your values, and reach your goals. I received my bachelor's degree from SIU Edwardsville and master's degree from SIU Carbondale.
Starting therapy can be a difficult decision for a variety of reasons "“ stigma, resources, daily life challenges. I strive to provide a safe, validating therapeutic experience to help alleviate those challenges. I am here to guide you through every journey of your life's roadmap. Through validation, compassion, authenticity, and understanding I will help you explore yourself, your values, and reach your goals. I received my bachelor's degree from SIU Edwardsville and master's degree from SIU Carbondale.
(331) 244-0965 View (331) 244-0965
Photo of Kenyatta Williams, Pre-Licensed Professional in 60532, IL
Kenyatta Williams
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA, DMin
Verified Verified
Lisle, IL 60532
With over 16 years of dedicated experience in the human services field, Dr. Kenyatta has had the privilege of working with a diverse range of individuals. Her extensive tenure in the behavioral health field has equipped Dr. Williams with a versatile skill set that allows her to meet each client exactly where they are. She excels in providing invaluable support to individuals grappling with unique challenges, helping them navigate their personal journeys effectively. Dr. Williams is deeply passionate about guiding individuals toward a profound understanding of themselves and empowering them with the essential tools needed.
With over 16 years of dedicated experience in the human services field, Dr. Kenyatta has had the privilege of working with a diverse range of individuals. Her extensive tenure in the behavioral health field has equipped Dr. Williams with a versatile skill set that allows her to meet each client exactly where they are. She excels in providing invaluable support to individuals grappling with unique challenges, helping them navigate their personal journeys effectively. Dr. Williams is deeply passionate about guiding individuals toward a profound understanding of themselves and empowering them with the essential tools needed.
(331) 259-8230 View (331) 259-8230
Photo of Dave Laurich, Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor in 60532, IL
Dave Laurich
Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor
Verified Verified
Lisle, IL 60532
Dave Laurich is a Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor in Illinois who has been practicing since 2018. He has a Masters of Arts in Clinical Mental Health Counseling from Lewis University and a Bachelors of Arts in Psychology from Lewis University. Dave offers genuine authenticity and impeccable veracity to any number of complex issues. He is always willing to meet the client where they are. Dave provides diligent respect to all presenting issues. Outside of work, Dave enjoys creating art using oil pastels.
Dave Laurich is a Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor in Illinois who has been practicing since 2018. He has a Masters of Arts in Clinical Mental Health Counseling from Lewis University and a Bachelors of Arts in Psychology from Lewis University. Dave offers genuine authenticity and impeccable veracity to any number of complex issues. He is always willing to meet the client where they are. Dave provides diligent respect to all presenting issues. Outside of work, Dave enjoys creating art using oil pastels.
(331) 246-0398 View (331) 246-0398
Photo of Todd Mokos, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 60532, IL
Todd Mokos
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
Lisle, IL 60532  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
You're reading this because you need an expert who can help you. Mental health issues can be devastating, and so it's critically important that you receive the attention and care that you deserve. Whether you struggle with depression, anxiety, trauma, grief, addiction, high-functioning psychosis, behavioral issues, or other mental health problems, I'm here to help you get back to living the life that's most important to you.
You're reading this because you need an expert who can help you. Mental health issues can be devastating, and so it's critically important that you receive the attention and care that you deserve. Whether you struggle with depression, anxiety, trauma, grief, addiction, high-functioning psychosis, behavioral issues, or other mental health problems, I'm here to help you get back to living the life that's most important to you.
(331) 246-0575 View (331) 246-0575
Photo of William Fraser Martin, Psychologist in 60532, IL
William Fraser Martin
Psychologist, PsyD, MPH, MSc
Verified Verified
Lisle, IL 60532
My focus as a licensed clinical health psychologist and clinical mind/body practitioner is to provide my clients with the awareness, knowledge, skills, tools and support that they need to cope more constructively with stress, experience less anxiety from fears and phobias, feel less pain, and feel more in control. Over the years, I have worked with individuals who have been diagnosed with Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), Functional Constipation, Tension Headaches, Recurrent Abdominal Pain, and Phobias. I also work with individuals who are preparing for surgery who require additional guidance to lessen the anxiety associated with surgery and dental procedures.
My focus as a licensed clinical health psychologist and clinical mind/body practitioner is to provide my clients with the awareness, knowledge, skills, tools and support that they need to cope more constructively with stress, experience less anxiety from fears and phobias, feel less pain, and feel more in control. Over the years, I have worked with individuals who have been diagnosed with Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), Functional Constipation, Tension Headaches, Recurrent Abdominal Pain, and Phobias. I also work with individuals who are preparing for surgery who require additional guidance to lessen the anxiety associated with surgery and dental procedures.
(331) 204-1751 x202 View (331) 204-1751 x202
Photo of Mary Kate Carey, Counselor in 60532, IL
Mary Kate Carey
Counselor, LCPC, Coach
Verified Verified
Lisle, IL 60532
I enjoy working with adult professionals who are feeling burnt out, tired of striving for perfection, and stuck reaching for coping skills that no longer serve them. As a therapist, I believe that everything is relational. The most important relationship we have is the one we nourish with ourselves. I empower my clients to refine, deepen, and strengthen their communication, foster emotional intimacy with themselves and others, and address cyclical relational patterns that feel difficult to end.
I enjoy working with adult professionals who are feeling burnt out, tired of striving for perfection, and stuck reaching for coping skills that no longer serve them. As a therapist, I believe that everything is relational. The most important relationship we have is the one we nourish with ourselves. I empower my clients to refine, deepen, and strengthen their communication, foster emotional intimacy with themselves and others, and address cyclical relational patterns that feel difficult to end.
(331) 263-0026 View (331) 263-0026
Photo of Katherine Ricamato, Licensed Professional Counselor in 60532, IL
Katherine Ricamato
Licensed Professional Counselor, MAAT, LPC
Verified Verified
Lisle, IL 60532
Hello! My name is Katie Ricamato, and I am a Licensed Professional Counselor with a Master’s in Art Therapy. I am also training to become an EMDR therapist. Have you found that words have failed you? That you feel misunderstood? That the past is making its way into the present? Or that you would like to learn a different way to express yourself emotionally, but do not know where to start? Counseling, expressive art as therapy, and EMDR may be for you! My clinical work focuses on seeing creativity as a tool for healing and facing past trauma, which has helped my clients look at life and themselves through a different lens.
Hello! My name is Katie Ricamato, and I am a Licensed Professional Counselor with a Master’s in Art Therapy. I am also training to become an EMDR therapist. Have you found that words have failed you? That you feel misunderstood? That the past is making its way into the present? Or that you would like to learn a different way to express yourself emotionally, but do not know where to start? Counseling, expressive art as therapy, and EMDR may be for you! My clinical work focuses on seeing creativity as a tool for healing and facing past trauma, which has helped my clients look at life and themselves through a different lens.
(331) 259-8762 View (331) 259-8762
Photo of Kayla Smiley, Licensed Professional Counselor in 60532, IL
Kayla Smiley
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Not Verified Not Verified
Lisle, IL 60532
Kayla Smiley is a Licensed Professional Counselor in Illinois. She earned a bachelor’s degree in forensic psychology from Western Illinois University and a master’s degree from Lewis University. Kayla’s clinical experience has allowed her to work with clients experiencing depression, anxiety, substance use disorders, personality disorders, mood disorders, trauma, and other compulsive behaviors. Furthermore, coming from a family comprised of military veterans and first responders provides her with personal knowledge and understanding for the specialized care needed within those populations.
Kayla Smiley is a Licensed Professional Counselor in Illinois. She earned a bachelor’s degree in forensic psychology from Western Illinois University and a master’s degree from Lewis University. Kayla’s clinical experience has allowed her to work with clients experiencing depression, anxiety, substance use disorders, personality disorders, mood disorders, trauma, and other compulsive behaviors. Furthermore, coming from a family comprised of military veterans and first responders provides her with personal knowledge and understanding for the specialized care needed within those populations.
(331) 253-4087 View (331) 253-4087
Photo of Rachel Blau, Pre-Licensed Professional in 60532, IL
Rachel Blau
Pre-Licensed Professional
Verified Verified
Lisle, IL 60532
I'm a graduate student at Adler University, earning my master's in clinical mental health and counseling. I am an empathetic, warm, curious, lighthearted person. I am committed to helping individuals navigate life transitions, including grief, diagnoses, relationship changes, and identity work. My work focuses on client-centered goal setting and exploration. I believe you are the expert of your life, and I would love to collaborate with you in writing or re-writing the story you want to live.
I'm a graduate student at Adler University, earning my master's in clinical mental health and counseling. I am an empathetic, warm, curious, lighthearted person. I am committed to helping individuals navigate life transitions, including grief, diagnoses, relationship changes, and identity work. My work focuses on client-centered goal setting and exploration. I believe you are the expert of your life, and I would love to collaborate with you in writing or re-writing the story you want to live.
(331) 481-5295 x700 View (331) 481-5295 x700
Photo of John R Brauer, Psychologist in 60532, IL
John R Brauer
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Lisle, IL 60532
My primary specializations are the treatment of anxiety disorders, and performing evaluations and testing for a variety of issues. I enjoy working with families and individuals both and have extensive experience with group therapy. I also do coaching for professional as well as personal issues. I have locations in Lisle IL and Joliet, IL. My work with anxiety is through effective, non-medical interventions based on developing skills for dealing with emotional experiences. I utilize homework, reading and skill development to accelerate the client's progress and assist them in feeling better sooner.
My primary specializations are the treatment of anxiety disorders, and performing evaluations and testing for a variety of issues. I enjoy working with families and individuals both and have extensive experience with group therapy. I also do coaching for professional as well as personal issues. I have locations in Lisle IL and Joliet, IL. My work with anxiety is through effective, non-medical interventions based on developing skills for dealing with emotional experiences. I utilize homework, reading and skill development to accelerate the client's progress and assist them in feeling better sooner.
(630) 733-1155 View (630) 733-1155
Photo of Sang Meong Lee, Counselor in 60532, IL
Sang Meong Lee
Counselor, LCPC, BC-DMT, GLCMA
Verified Verified
Lisle, IL 60532
Comprehensive Treatment, Convenient Hours, and Responsive Care: As one of patients, you will receive an individually tailored treatment plan informed by both my understanding of your symptoms and your essential input. I offer a safe and confidential environment along with flexible office hours to cater to your ongoing treatment needs.
Comprehensive Treatment, Convenient Hours, and Responsive Care: As one of patients, you will receive an individually tailored treatment plan informed by both my understanding of your symptoms and your essential input. I offer a safe and confidential environment along with flexible office hours to cater to your ongoing treatment needs.
(708) 231-0521 View (708) 231-0521
Photo of JSTtherapy, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 60532, IL
JSTtherapy
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
Lisle, IL 60532
When life is overwhelming, I want to give you tools that can bring immediate relief. My approach is to tailor our work to your needs. Although I have worked with many clients with varying issues of all ages, my specialties include issues of grief/loss, chronic medical illnesses (cancer, diabetes), depression, anxiety, relationship issues, LGBTQ and fertility issues. I strive to help you concentrate on the present, focus on the future and explore the past to understand current behaviors and coping. I create a safe place where you can share and acquire more coping tools to adjust to life changes.
When life is overwhelming, I want to give you tools that can bring immediate relief. My approach is to tailor our work to your needs. Although I have worked with many clients with varying issues of all ages, my specialties include issues of grief/loss, chronic medical illnesses (cancer, diabetes), depression, anxiety, relationship issues, LGBTQ and fertility issues. I strive to help you concentrate on the present, focus on the future and explore the past to understand current behaviors and coping. I create a safe place where you can share and acquire more coping tools to adjust to life changes.
(630) 699-5279 View (630) 699-5279

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 60532

100+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in 60532 who prioritize treating:

94% Anxiety
92% Depression
75% Relationship Issues
69% Grief
66% Trauma and PTSD
65% Self Esteem
64% Life Transitions

Average years in practice

13 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

96% BlueCross and BlueShield
70% Aetna
68% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in 60532 see their clients

92% In Person and Online
8% Online Only

Gender breakdown

82% Female
18% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 60532?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.